前言：学习状语从句的几个关键点 1）引导状语从句的连词及意思 2）状语从句与主句的时态照应 提高学生掌握：---3）有关状语从句的重点句型。4）状语从句的省略 一．各种状语从句的典型例句 1．条件状语从句：引导条件状语从句的词（组）主要有 if, unless, so (as) long as, 注意： 条件从句中的 if 不能用 w
hether 替换。 提高掌握：on condition that, so (as) far as, if only ( = if )。 1）Let's go out for a walk unless you are too tired.( ) 即： If you are too tired,we ’ ll not go out for a walk. 2 ） You may borrow my book as long as you keep it clean.( ) 提高掌握： 3 ） I can tell you the truth on condition that you promise to keep a secret.( -) 4）Supposing it rains, shall we continue the sports meeting?( ) 5）You will be successful in the interview once you have confidence.( ) 2.时间状语从句： 表示时间的状语从句可由 when, as, while, whenever, after, before, till (until), since, once, as soon as 提高学生掌握：(或 the moment ), by the time, every time 等引导。 1）When she came in, I stopped eating. ( 当 --- 的时候，表示“瞬时动词” ) 2） While my wife was reading the newspaper, I was watching TV. ( 当 --- 的时候， was reading 是延续性的动词， was reading 和 was watching 同时发生 ) 3 ） I like playing football while you like playing basketball. （然而，表示“对比” ） 4 ） As we was going out, it began to snow. （ as 强调句中两个动作紧接着先后发生， 而不强调开始下雪的特定时间） 5 ） We always sing as we walk. （ as 表示 “ 一边 …… 一边 ”） 6 ）Einstein almost knocked me down before he saw me.(“在 --- 之前”或“ ---- 才”) 7 ） After you think it over, please let me know what you decide. （在 --- 之后） 8 ）I didn't go to bed until（ till ） my father came back.(“直到 ---- 才” ，主句中的动 词为非延续性动词 ) 9 ） I worked until he came back. ( “直到 ---- 才” ，主句中的动词为延续性动词 ) 10) Where have you been since I last saw you? ( 自从 ---) 11)As soon as I reach Canada, I will ring you up. ( 一 ---- 就 ---)
提高学生掌握： 12) Each time he came to Harbin, he would call on me.( “每当 --- 的时候”或“每 次” ，复习 each time, every time 和 whenever) 13) I will go there immediately,I have finished my breakfast. ( 一 ---- 就 --- ，另外有 instantly) 14)The moment I heard the news, I hastened to the spot. ( 一 ---- 就 --- ，另外有 the instant, the minute ， ect.) 15) By the time you came back, I had finished this book.( “到 --- 时为止”，从句是 一般过去时，主句是过去完成时。 ) 提高学生掌握： ．有关时间状语从句的重点句型 1）It will be four days before they come back. (It will be--- before--- 过很久才 ----) 2 ） It won ’ t be four days before they come back.( It won ’ t be---before--- 不久就 ---) 2 ） It was not until the meeting was over that he began to teach me English.( “ It was not until---that---- ” not until 的强调句型 ) 3) It is/has been five months since our boss was in Beijing. 我们老板离开北京有五 个月了。 ( “ It is/has been---since ” 自从 --- 以来多长时间 ) 4) Hardly had I sat down when he stepped in. 我 刚 坐 下 ， 他 就 进 来 了 。 （ “ hardly/scarcely----when--- ” /同“ no sooner ---than ” 注意时态的应用。 ） 3．原因状语从句；原因状语从句是表示原因或理由的，引导这类从句的最常用的连词是 because, since, as , now that（既然）等，for 表示因果关系时（它引导的不是从句）为并 列连词，语气不如 because 强。 1)The sweater shrank because it was washed badly. ( 强调“直接原因” ) 2)Since [As] we’ve no money, we can’t buy it. （由于） 3) Since you are free today, you had better help me with my mathematics. （“既然”强调双方共知的原因 , 4）He could not have seen me, for I was not there.( for 引导的原因状语从句并 不说明主句行为发生的直接原因， 只提供一些辅助性的补充说明， for 引导的原 因状语从句只能放于主句之后并且必须用逗号将其与主句隔开。 ) 4 结果状语从句 由 so that （从句谓语一般没有情态动词） ，so … that, such … that 等引导 She was ill, so that she didn’t attend the meeting. He was so excited that he could not say a word. She is such a good teacher that everyone admires her.
5 ．目的状语从句引导目的状语从句最常用的词（组）是 so, so that（从句谓语常有 情态动词）= in order that, in case（以防，以免）等。 1 ） You must speak louder so that /in order that you can be heard by all.( 为 了；以便 ) 2.Speak clearly, so that they can understand you. 3 ） Better take more clothes in case ( 以免 )the weather is cold. 6 ．让步状语从句让步状语从句可由 although, though, as, even if (though), 提高掌握：however, whatever, 注意：as 引导的让步状语从句一般是倒装的。 1 ） Although/Though he was worn out, (still) he kept on working.( 虽然，纵 然 ,尽管 ) 2) We’ll make a trip even if/though the weather is bad. ( “ 即使 ……” ) 提高掌握 3)Hard as/ though he works, he makes little progress. ( 虽然，纵然，尽管 ) 4)Child as/though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do. ( 虽然， 纵然，尽管 ) 5) No matter who you are, you must keep the law.(=Whoever you are, you must keep the law. （无论谁，复习 no matter + 疑问词引导的状语从句。 ） 6 ） While I like the colour, I don't like the shape. （尽管） 7 ．方式状语从句 You must do the exercise as I show you.
二．状语从句的省略： 状语从句的省略原则主要是：如果从句中的主语和主句中的主语一致，就可以经过一定 的变动把状语从句中的主语和谓语的一部分或全部省略，或从句中是 it is ,可以把 it is 省 略，从而使语言更加简洁、明了。现就把各种状语从句的省略现象列举如下： 1.While(I was) at college, I began to know him, a strange but able student. 2．Don’t come in until (you are) asked to. 3．Whenever (it is )possible, you should come and help. 4．Put in articles wherever(it is) necessary in the following passages. 5. He will come if (he is) asked. 6. Even if (I am ) invited to, I won’t go to such a bad lecture. 7. She has finished the work earlier than (it has been ) expected.
状语从句巩固练习题： 一：基础巩固对比练习题 第一组： ( ) 1 The meeting didn't start___ everyone was there. A. because B. until C. why D. if ( ) 2 The boy ___ to bed ___ his mother came in. A. went not; until B. didn't go; after C. went; until D. didn't go; until ( ) 3 I won't believe you___ I have seen it with my own eyes. A. before B. until C. after D. when ( ) 4 Tom will call me as soon as he ___ Shanghai. A. arrives B. will reach C. arrives in D. get to ( ) 5 I'm sure he'll come to see me before he ___ Beijing. A. will leave B. is leaving C. leave D. leaves ( ) 6 I will tell him the news as soon as he___ back. A. come B. comes C. will come D. came 第二组： ( )7 Tom has got a watch. He ___ it for two years. It _______ by his father. A. has bought; was bought B. has got; is bought , C. was bought; has bought . D. has had; was bought "' 8 We ___ TV when the telephone ____. A. watched; was ringing B. were watching; rang C. watch; rings D. are watching; rang 第三组： ( ) 9 I ___ you for a long time. Where ___ you ___? A. didn't see; did; go B. didn't see; have; gone C. haven't seen; have; been D. haven't seen; have; gone ( ) 10 Tom___ China for 3 years. A. has been B. has been in C. has been to D. has been at ( ) 11 I won't go to see the film tonight, because I ___ my ticket. A. lost B. have lost C. will lose D. didn't lose ( ) 12 -Hello! May I speak to Bob? -Sorry, but he ___ for a month. A. had been away B. was left C. left D. has been away ( ) 13 I ___ him since I began to live in the city. A. know B. have known C. knew D. will know 第四组： ( ) 14 Betty didn't go to see the film yesterday ___ she was ill. A. because B. but C. until D. if
( ) 15 May I sit nearer___I can see more clearly? A. as if B. so that C. even if D. so ( ) 16 ___ you work hard, you will certainly succeed. A. Though B. If C. Because D. For ( ) 17 ___ he came to study in the university, he has made much progress in the study of English. A. While B. When C. Since D. After ( ) 18 I'd like to go swimming _____ the water is not too cold. A. for B. unless C. if D. whether 第五组： ( ) 19 I want to know ___ she is going to see a film. A. if B. that C. what D. which ( ) 20 You are sure to pass the exam ___ you study hard. A. if B. thoughC. that D. since ( ) 21 I'll go to see the film with you___I have time this evening. A. whether B. so C. if D. when ( ) 22 ___ you study harder, you'll never pass the final exam. A. If B. Until C. Unless D. Except 第六组： ( ) 23 Although it was raining, ______still worked in the fields. A. but they B. and they C. they D. and yet they ( ) 24 ___ there were only five soldiers left at the front, ___ they went on fighting. A. Because; so B. If; and C. Though; but D. Though; / ( ) 25 ___ she is very old, ___ she can still work eight hours a day. A. Because; so B. Though; but C. As; yet D. Though; yet 第七组： ( ) 26. Please answer the question in a loud enough voice ___ all the class may hear. A. so, that B. or C. in order that D. and ( ) 27. Lift it up___I may see it. A. though B. so that C. as D. than ( ) 28 I hurried___I wouldn't be late for class. A. so B. so that C. if D. unless ( ) 29 We should go by bus ___ we can get there earlier. A. as soon as B. where C. in order that D. as 第八组： ( ) 30 The dictionary is so expensive ___ I can't buy it. A. because B. when C. that D. if
( ) 31 I got there ___ late ___ I didn't see him. A. too; to B. such; that C. so; that D. so; as ( ) 32 It is ___ hot in the room ___ we have to go out for a walk. A. such; that B. so; that C. as; as D. such; as ( ) 33 He has___ an interesting book that we want to read it. A. so B. such C. the same D. as
二：选择合适的连接词，完成下列句子。 1.Jim spends a lot of money on books______he is not rich. 2.Kate fell into sleep ______she was listening to the music. 3.----Is David at school today? ----No. He is at home ______he has a bad cold. 4.We won't have supper ______my mother comes back. 5.Speak to him slowly ______he may understand you better. 6. ______ she doesn't come on Sunday, I'll go fishing by myself. 7.It is four years ______I had left that small village. 8. ______the air moves, it is called wind. 9.We will go to the park ______it doesn't rain tomorrow. 10.______little boys did ______much work. 11.There are few new words in the passage ______we can't understand it. 12.Go back ______you come from. 13.He reached the station ______the train had left. 14.----Do you have a swimming pool? ----No, we don't. At least, not ______big ______yours. 15.Give me your paper ______you have finished it. 16.It is raining hard, ______we have to stay at home. 17. ______you work harder, you'll never pass the final exam. 18.Look after the children ______I am out. 19.The village is ______far away ______I can't get there on foot. 20.That is ______an interesting book ______I can't stop reading it.
提高学生辅助练习题： 一：单项填空。 2011全国卷II 19 It was a nice meal, _______a little expensive. A. Though B. whether C. as D. since 2011北京卷 29 __________ volleyball is her main focus, she’s also great at basketball. A. Since B. Once C. Unless D.While 2011上海卷 36 If a lot of people say a film is not good, I won’t bother to see it, or I’ll wait ____ it comes out on DVD. A. whether B. after C. though D.until 2011上海卷 37 The police officers in our city work hard _____ the rest of us can live a safe life. A. in case B. as if C.in order that D. only if 2011江西卷 29 Please call my secretary to arrange a meeting this afternoon, or ______ it is convenient to you. A.whenever B. however C. whichever D. wherever 2011浙江卷 4 One Friday, we were packing to leave for a weekend away ______my daughter heard cries for help. A. after B. while C. since D.when 2011福建卷 33 It was April 29, 2001 ____ Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony. A.that B.when C.since D.before 2011四川卷 4 Frank insisted that he was not asleep _____ I had great difficulty in waking him up. A. whether B.althoug C. for D. so 2011四川卷 6 As it reported, it is 100 years _____________Qinghua University was founded. A. when B. before C. after D.since 2011辽宁卷 25 No matter how ________ , it is not necessarily lifeless. A. a desert may be dry B.dry a desert may be C. may a desert be dry D. dry may a desert be 2011 辽宁卷 29 John thinks it won’t be long he is ready for his new job. A. when B. after C. before D. since 2011 陕西卷 17 Because of the heavy traffic, it was already time for lunch break she got to her office. A. since B. that C. when D. until 2011天津卷 5 ____ regular exercise is very important, it’s never a good idea to exercise too close to bedtime. A.It B. As C.Althoug D.Unless 2011陕西卷 19 __________all of them are strong candidates, only one will be chosen
for the post. A. Since B.While C. If D. As 2011山东卷 28 He had his camera ready _____ he saw something that would make a good picture. A. even if B. if only C.in case D. so that 2011 重庆卷 30 you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. A. However a serious problem B. What a serious problem C. However serious a problem D. What serious a problem 2011湖南卷 33 Jack wasn’t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him _______he had done something very clever. A.as if B. in case C. while D. though 19〖10 湖南〗Tim is in good shape physically he doesn’t get much exercise. A. if B. even though C. unless D. as long as 20〖10 山东〗The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day, ______ accompanied by an adult. A. once B. when C. if D. unless
二、用适当的连词填空： 1. Let's begin our meeting __________everyone is here. 2. I like the English people, __________ I don't like their food. 3. He didn't come to the lecture, __________ he was very busy. 4. __________we had enough time, we walked to the cinema. 5. They will help you __________ you meet with difficulty. 6. We would try to get a car __________we could all travel together more easily. 7 She wouldn't forget her mother's birthday __________ she seldom wrote to her family. 8. The boy was so tired __________ he fell asleep on the bus. 9. Hard _________ he tried, he couldn’t force the door open. 10.It was such a heavy stone ______nobody could lift it. It was such a heavy stone ______nobody could lift .
( )8 When he got to the station, the train ___. A. left B. had left C. leaves D. has left ( )9 The boy told his father what he ___ in the street. A. saw B. have seen C. had seen D. see ( ) ( ) 5 By the end of last term, I___ ten books. A. had finished reading B. have finish reading
C. had finish to read D. finish read
(B) 1 The meeting didn't start___ everyone was there. A. because B. until C. why D. if (D) 2 The boy ___ to bed ___ his mother came in. A. went not; until B. didn't go; after C. went; until D. didn't go; until (D) 3 He ___ back until the work ___ done. . isn't; will be B. isn't; is C. won't be; will be D. won't be; is (C) 1 Tom will call me as soon as he ___ Shanghai. A. arrives B. will reach C. arrives in D. get to (D) 2 I'm sure he'll come to see me before he ___ Beijing. A. will leave B. is leaving C. leave D. leaves (B) 2 When he got to the station, the train ___. A. left B. had left C. leaves D. has left (C) 3 The boy told his father what he ___ in the street. A. saw B. have seen C. had seen D. see (A) 5 By the end of last term, I___ ten books. A. had finished reading B. have finish reading C. had finish to read D. finish read 4 (C) 1 I ___ you for a long time.
Where ___ you ___? A. didn't see; did; go B. didn't see; have; gone C. haven't seen; have; been D. haven't seen; have; gone (D) 2 -Hello! May I speak to Bob? -Sorry, but he ___ for a month. A. had been away B. was left C. left D. has been away 5 (A) 1 Betty didn't go to see the film yesterday ___ she was ill. A. because B. but C. until l D. if (B) 2 May I sit nearer___I can see more clearly? A. as if B. so that C. even if D. so (B) 3 ___ you work hard, you will certainly succeed. A. Though B. If C. Because D. For (C) 4 ___ he came to study in the university, he has made much progress in the study of English. A. While B. When C. Since D. After (C) 5 I'd like to go swimming _____ the water is not too cold. A. for B. unless C. if D. whether 7 (A) 2 You are sure to pass the exam ___ you study hard. A. if B. though C. that D. since (C) 3 I'll go to see the film with you___I have time this evening. A. whether B. so C. if D. when (C) 4 ___ you study harder, you'll never pass the final exam. A. If B. Until C. Unless D. Except 8 (C) 1 Although it was raining, still worked in the fields. A. but they B. and they C. they D. and yet they (D) 2 ___ there were only five soldiers left at the front, ___ they went on fighting. A. Because; so B. If; and C. Though; but D. Though; / (D) 3 ___ she is very old, ___ she can still work eight hours a day. A. Because; so B. Though; but C. As; yet D. Though; yet 9 (B 2 Lift it up___I may see it. A. though B. so that C. as D. than (B) 3 I hurried___I wouldn't be late for class. A. so B. so that C. if D. unless (C) 4 We should go by bus ___ we can get there earlier. A. as soon as B. where C. in order that D. as 10 (C) 1 The dictionary is so expensive ___ I can't buy it. A. because B. when C. that D. if (C) 2 I got there ___ late ___ I didn't see him. A. too; to B. such; that C. so; that D. so; as (B) 4 He has___ an interesting book that we want to read it. A. so B. such C. the same D. as I. 填入适当的引导词 1. I haven't heard from him ___since__ he went to America. 2. He won't be here __unless__ he is invited. 3. He will not go to the cinema __because__ he is very busy. 4. We found the key ___where__ she had left it. 5. We found the books two days __after__ he had gone away. 6. He speaks English ___as if___ he were an Englishman. 7. He is explaining clearly ___so that___ they could understand. 8. Do not leave the room ___unless/before/until__ you have finished the test. 9. The teacher didn't leave ___until___ twelve o'clock. 10. ___As___ the day went on, the weather got worse. 11. __Although__ she is young, she knows quite a lot. 12.You will be late __unless__ you leave immediately. 13. Go and get your coat. It's ___where___ you left it. 状语从句练习 1.I'll let you know __C__ he comes back. A. before B. because C. as soon as D. although 2. She will sing a song __A__ she is asked. A. if B. unless C. for D. since 3. Read it aloud ___A__ the class can hear you. A. so that B. if C. when D. although 4. It is about ten years __A__ I met you last. A. since B. for C. when D. as 5. __B__ she was very tired, she went on working. A. As B. Although C. Even D. In spite of 6. I learned a little Russian __D__ I was at middle school. A. though B. although C. as if D. when 7. __D__ we got to the
station, the train had left already. A. If B. Unless C. Since D. When 8. She was __A__ tired _____ she could not move an inch. A. so, that B. such, that C. very, that D. so, as 9. I'll stay here __D__ everyone else comes back. A. even if B. as though C. because D. until 10. Speak to him slowly __B__ he may understand you better. A. since B. so that C. for D. because 11. You'll miss the train ___A___ you hurry up. A. unless B. as C. if D. until 12. When you read the book, you' d better make a mark __D__ you have any questions. A. at which B. at where C. the place D. where 13. We'd better hurry ___C___ it is getting dark. A. and B. but C. as D. unless 14__B___ he comes, we won't be able to go. A. Without B. Unless C. Except D. Even 15. __A__ I catch a cold, I have pain in my back. A. Every time B. Though C. Even D. Where 16. You may arrive in Beijing early __C___ you mind taking the night train. A. that B. though C. unless D. if 17. The child was _C_ immediately after supper. A. enough tired to go to bed B. too tired to go to bed C. so tired that he went to bed D. very tired, he went to bed 18. __D__ born in Chicago, the author was famous for his stories about New York. A. Since B. Once C. When D. Although 19. __C___ David goes, he is welcome. A. Whichever B. However C. Wherever D. Whatever 20. John plays football __B___, if not better than, David. A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as 21.-What was the party like? -Wonderful. It' s years __D__ I enjoyed myself so much. A. after B. when C. before D. since 22. After the war, a new school building was put up __B__ there had once been a theatre. A. that B. where C. which D. when 23. It was __D__ that she couldn't finish it by herself. A. so difficult a work B. such a difficult work C. so difficult work D. such difficult work 24. Although Peter is clever, ____A____ work hard. A. he doesn't B. he isn't C. but he doesn't D. but he isn't 25. ___A___ the road was icy, Mike drove very fast. A.Though B. Because C. For D. As 26. Mary is ___C___ clever _____ she understands everything. A. such a; that B. such an; that C. so; that D. so; as 27. Tom had a headache, ___B___ he didn't go to the party. A. why B. so C. but D. or 28. "May I have the loan?" "___B_____ you offer good security." A. But B. Unless C. Provided D. But for 29. You may do anything you like ___B___ it is not against the law. A. even if B. so long as C. unless D. as soon as
1） Just as we sweep our rooms, so we should sweep backward ideas from our minds. 2） They completely ignore these facts as if (as though) they never existed. 3）说明： as if / as though 也可以引导一个分词短语、不定式短语或无 动词短语，例如： He stared at me as if seeing me for the first time. （他目不转睛地看着我，就像第一次看见我似的。） He cleared his throat as if to say something. （他清了清嗓子，像要说 什么似的。） The waves dashed on the rocks as if in anger.（波涛冲击着岩石，好像 很愤怒。） 4） Please pronounce the word the way I do.( 用 --- 方式 ) 5） Leave the things as they are.(按照---) 9．比较状语从句 1）You seem to know music as well as you know astronomy.(as---as 结构) 2）There was no garden so lovely as his in this city. (no so---as 结构) 3）There were not so many tickets available as were asked for. (not so---as 结构) 4） Finally he has made as much money as he wanted. (as +adj +n.+as 结构) 5）Your watch is not the same as his.(the same as 结构) 6）I never met such a man as your younger brother.(such---as 结构) 7）She studies more diligently than her classmates.(more than 结构) 8）No other book has had a greater influence on my life.(否定词和比较级连 用表示最高级含义。)
9）This teacher explained the problem more clearly than any other teacher. (比较级与 “any other one”连用表示最高级含义。) 10） The more you read, the better will you write.(the more----the more 结构) 11) He earned no more than 800 dollars a month. 他一个月只挣 800 美元。 （no +比较 级+than 结构）. 10．地点状语从句 1)Where there is a will, there is a way.
2) You should have put the book where you found it. 3) Wherever there is smoke , there is fire. 4) When you read the book, you’d better make a mark where you have any questions. 5) You should make it a rule to leave things where you can find them again
二．状语从句的省略： 状语从句的省略原则主要是： 如果从句中的主语和主句中的主语一致， 就可以 经过一定的变动把状语从句中的主语和谓语的一部分或全部省略， 或从句中是 it is ,可以把 it is 省略，从而使语言更加简洁、明了。现就把各种状语从句的 省略现象列举如下： 1.While(I was) at college, I began to know him, a strange but able student. 2．Don’t come in until (you are) asked to. 3．Whenever (it is )possible, you should come and help. 4．Put in articles wherever(it is) necessary in the following passages. 5. 6. 7. 8. He will come if (he is) asked. Even if (I am ) invited to, I won’t go to such a bad lecture. She has finished the work earlier than (it has been ) expected. She talked to the stranger as if (she were) absent-minded.
1．____ you’ve got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. (1999 高考) A. Now that B. After C. Although D. As soon as 试题分析： 主句与从句之间存在因果关系； 且“you’ve got a chance”表示一 个显而易见的原因， 因此应选用表原因的 now that“既然” 。注： “might as well，不妨---的好” 。故选 A. Now that。 2．He found it increasingly difficult to read, ____ his eyesight was beginnin g to fail. (2006 北京)
A. and B. for C. but D. or 试题分析：由语境可知： “his eyesight was beginning to fail”是“he found it in creasingly difficult to read”的原因， 因此本题应选用可以表示原因的连词 for 引导原因状语从句。故选 B. for。 3．Pop music is such an important part of society ____ it has even influenc ed our language. (2007 上海) A. as B. that C. which D. where 试题分析：由语境可知： “流行音乐是我们社会的一个重要部分以致于它已经 影响了我们的语言” ，所以下划线处之后表示结果， 应选用与前面的 such 连 用引导结果状语从句的 that。A. as 中的 as 与 such 搭配，as 可以引导定语从 句，但后面句子中不能有 it。故选 B. that。 4．We all know that, __________, the situation will get worse.（2007 全国 卷 I） A. not if dealt carefully with B. if not carefully dealt with C. if dealt not carefully with D. not if carefully dealt with 试题分析：由语境可知 “We all know that the situation will get worse.”是题 干的主句；由各个选项可知有连词 if，故本题应考查状语从句的省略。按照状 语从句的省略条件补充完整应是：if it is not carefully dealt with, 故省略 “it is”, 选项为 B. if not carefully dealt with 5． ________ I really don’t like art, Ifind his work impressive. （2007 山东卷） A．As B．Since C．If D．While 试题分析：由语境可知： “I really don’t like art”与“Ifind his work impress ive”间成转折关系，故选 D．While， “尽管，虽然” ；而 A．As 也可以表示 “尽管，虽然”之意，但必须用倒装句。
31. —Have you got any idea for the summer vacation? —I don’t mind where we go ______ there’s sun, sea and beach. （08 全国 I 卷） A. as if B. as long as C. now that D. in order that 试题分析：由语境可知“I don’t mind where we go”与“there’s sun, sea an d beach.”成条件与结果的关系，故选 B. as long as。 7. A small car is big enough for a family of three ____ you need more spa ce for baggage. (08 全国 II)
A. once B. because C. if D. unless 试题分析：由语境可知： “you need more space for baggage”应表达“除非 你要更多的空间放行李” ， 故选 D. unless。 23. —Did you return Fred’s call? —I didn’t need to ____ I’ll see him tomorrow. （08 北京卷） A. though B. unless C. when D. because 由语境可知： “I didn’t need to”与“I’ll see him tomorrow.”成因果关系， 故选 D. because。 34. I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long, but it’ll still be some time ____ Brian get back. （08 北京卷） A. before B. since C. till D. after 由语境可知： “it’ll still be some time ____ Brian get back.”表达，过一段时 间 Brian 才回来。故考查句型 It will be ----before. 故选 A. before 1. We’ll have a picnic in the park this Sunday _____ it rains or it’s very c old. （08 天津卷） A. since B. if C. unless D. until 由语境可知： “it rains or it’s very cold” 表达除非天下雨或天冷的意思， 故选 C. unless。 31. ---Are you ready for Spain？ --Yes, I want the girls to experience that ___ they are young. (08 上海卷) A. while B. until C. if D. before 由语境可知： “they are young”表示的是时间段“他们年轻的时候” ，又有语 境“I want the girls to experience that”可知后一句应表达“趁着他们年轻的 时候” ，故选 A. while，表示“在---期间” 。 40. _______ well prepared you are , you still need a lot of luck in mountai n climbing. (08 上海卷) A. however B. whatever C. no matter D. although 由语境可知：所填词汇为副词修饰 well prepared，故选 A. however。而 C. n o matter 中，必须后跟疑问词才能运用。 31. -----Do you have a minute? I’ve got something to tell you. -----Ok, ______ you make it short. （08 安徽卷） A. now that very time B. if only C. so long as D. e
由语境可知：语境表达“只要你简洁点，我就有时间与你交谈” ， 故选 C. so long as 。 28. Nancy enjoyed herself so much ______ she visited her friends in Sydne y last year. （08 福建卷） A. that B. which C. when D. where 由语境可知： “______ she visited her friends in Sydney last year.”应是时间 状语，故选 C. when 。 33. _____ the Internet is of great help. I don’t think it’s a good idea to spe nd too much time on it. （08 湖南卷） If B. While C. Because D. As 由语境可知： “I really don’t like art”与“I don’t think it’s a good idea to s pend too much time on it.”间成转折关系，故选 B. While。 31. You’d better not leave the medicine ______ kids can get at it. （08 山东 卷） A. even if B. which C. where D. so that 本题考查“把某物放在某地” leave 的用法，故“______ kids can get at it” 应表示在孩子够的着的地方，故选 C. where 。 28. ______ hungry I am, I never seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread. （08 辽宁卷） A. Whatever B. Whenever C. Wherever D. However 由语境可知：所填词汇为副词修饰 hungry，故选 D. however, “ 无论多么”表 示程度。 32. I used to love that film ______ I was a child, but I don ’t feel it that way any more. （08 辽宁卷） A. once B. when C. since D. although 由语境可知： “___I was a child ”应表达“当我还小的时候” ，故选 B. when 。 6. There were some chairs left over _____ everyone had sat down. (08 四 川卷) A. when B. until C. that D. where 由语境可知： “当每个人都坐下的时候，还有椅子剩下。 ”when 是引导时间状语 从句的。故选 A. when。
16. Don’t promise anything ______ you are one hundred percent sure. （08 浙江卷） A. whether B. after C. how D. unless 由语境可知： “如果你没有百分之百的把握，不要许诺。 ”故选 D. unless。
7 __ unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former. （09 江苏） A. Before B. Where C. Unless D. Until 由语境可知：题干表达“可以假设，在失业率和犯罪率很高的地方，后者是由 前者引起的” ， 故选 B. Where 。 1. She had just finished her homework her mother asked her to pra ctice playing the piano yesterday. （09 福建） A. when B. while C. after D. since 由语境可知：题干表达“她刚刚完成作业这时她的妈妈要求她练习钢琴” ， 故选 A. when “这时” 2. My parents don’t mind what job I do I am happy. （09 陕西） A. even though B. as soon as C. as long as D. as though 根据题干意思可知此处是条件状语从句，引导词意思是：只要，故选 C. as l ong as。 3. You can’t borrow books from the school library ______ you get your stu dent card. （09 上海） A. before B. if C. while D. as 由语境可知：题干表达“在有学生证之前，你不能从校图书室借书” ，故选 A. before 。 4Peter was so excited ______he received an invitation from his friend to visit Cho ngqing. A. where B. that C. why D. when 由语境可知：题干表达“当他受到邀请函的时候” 故选 D. when。 5. All the dishes in this menu, three people. （09 全国 2 ） otherwise stated, will serve two to
A. as B. if C. though D. unless 由语境可知：题干表达“在这份菜单上的所有菜，除非另外说明，会给二到三 个人食用” ， 故选，D. unless