1 The world makes the way for the man who knows where he is going.
Eg: She is a beautiful girl.改写： _____________________________________________________________________
（一）定语从句定义 1.定语从句：在复合句中，修饰某个名词或代词的句子（做这个名词或代词的定语） 叫定语从句，定语从句一般放在被修饰的名词或代词后面， 2.先行词：被修饰的名词或代词叫做定语从句的先行词。 3.用来引导定语从句的词叫做关系词。 关系代词的种类： 关系代词 that, which, who, whose, 关系副词： when, where, why （二）定语从句分类 限定性定语从句：从句对先行词进行必要的描述或说明，对先行词起修饰限定作 用，从句与先行词紧密相连缺少它，则句义显得不完整，一般不用逗号隔开。 非限定性定语从句：对先行词进行补充说明，解释，它与先行词关系松散，用逗 号隔开。 1.The man who gave me this book is Tom .(限定性) 2.Tom,who is reading a book ,is my classmate (非限定性) （三）关系代词 1.who, whom, whose; that; which The man _______ is sitting under the tree is a German . The students_________ speaks German best comes from China . The man __________ you want to see is here . The man__________ you look for has left . I know the girl ___________ the teacher is speaking to . I know the girl to ___________ the teacher is speaking . Everyone heplps the child ____________ parents are dead. They are the lazy students _______homework wasn?t handed in . 归纳总结： who 指____________-，在定语从句中作_______，宾语；that 也可指人，但多用 who. Whom 指________，在句中做_______，可省略，但在做介词的宾语是只能用 whom, 不能用 who.关系代词前有介词时不能省略。whose, 作___________，可指人或物. 2. He is the finest comrade that has helped us . This is a plant___________ grows in the north . that 指人或物，多指物，作_________（不能省略）或_________（可省略） which ,指物，在句中做主语（不能省略），或宾语（可省略） 只能 that 用做关系代词的情况 1.当先行词是 all, everything, anything, nothing, much, little, none, one 等不定代词时 2.当先行词被序数词或形容词最高级修饰时
2 The world makes the way for the man who knows where he is going.
3.如果出现两个或两个以上的先行词，并同时兼指人和物时 4.当先行词被 the only, the last, the way, the same 等等修饰时。 5.在疑问词 which 开头的特殊疑问句中,为了避免重复只用 that。 6. 当先行词被 All, every, no, some, any, little, much 等修饰时，只用 that。 7.当被修饰的成分是数词时，（被修饰成分是代名词 one，指人时除外）只用 that. （四）关系副词 1.when ,where,why e.g. He still remember the day when he joined the army . I?ll never forget the time when (during which ) we worked on the farm. I still remember the day that/which is his birthay. He regretted the days that /which he spent on play . He rememberes the days when he spent much money on stories . 在定语从句中作状语，先行词主要为一些时间名词（year ,day ,time,week 等）,但时间 名词在从句中作主语，宾语时，应用_________,___________不能用 when It is the first time that …句型中，that 是习惯用法，不用 when。 Eg:I know the factory____________ I worked twenty years ago . This is the house _____________he has lived for 20 years . This is the house that he has lived in for 20 years . This is the shool ________________we study every year. This is the shool_________________we visited yesterday. （1）where 指前面的地点，在从句中作_______________ (2) 指地点，在句中作主语，宾语时不能用 where，须用 that/which . 注：有时 when ,where 相当于“介词+at/in +which ”. e.g. He left the room where /in which he lived last year. (3) 当先行词为某个方面、情况、阶段、位置等的词时使用关系副词 3.why 表示原因 The reason why he didn?t attend the meeting is that he was ill . （五）．“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句 当先行词在定于从句中作介词的宾语时，往往可以把介词放在关系代词之前， 构成“介词+关系代词（whom/which）”结构。但一些短语东西如 look after 等中的介 词不能与动词分开，故不能放在关心代词之前。确定介词时： 一是，依据定于从句中动词所需要的某种习惯搭配， 二是，依据先行词的某种习惯搭配， 三是，根据所要表达的意思来确定，例如： （六）.非限定性定语从句 指人做主语用 who,作宾语用 whom ，指地点用 where，指时间 when，指物只用 which，不能用 that，作定语用 whose。 e.g. He didn?t see the film, which was very interesting .(不用 that) (七）as 引导的限制性定语从句 such ….as： 像….一样的，像…..之类；
3 The world makes the way for the man who knows where he is going.
the same…as…:和…..相同（代指同类事物）； the same …that…：和….相同（代指同一事物） as 可以像 which 一样引导非限制性定语从句，用来代表整个句子的内容，它的先行 词可以是名词，也可以是不定式短语或整个句子。as 在从句中作主语、宾语和表语。 此外，有些 as 引导的定语从句已成为固定用法，如： As we know As has been said before 如上所述 As is known to all As is often the case 像通常那样 As is reported As was expected 正如预料的那样 重点比较 as 和 which 引导的非限制性定语从句的联系和区别 ? as 和 which 都可以代替整个句子，当定语从句置于主句之后时，as 和 which 可以和互换。 Eg：He didn?t tell me any news, as/which upset me. ? Which 引导的从句，代表的前面的整个主句时，不能放在主句之前。而 as 引导的定语从句，代表整个主句时，可以放在主句之前或之后，有时也可以放 在主语和谓语之间。 Eg：As is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress. = Talks between the two countries, as is reported in the newspapers, are making progress. As 与 that 的区别 As 引导的定语从句表示它的内容与主句所讲的内容相似，即指同类事物；that 引 导定语从句表示的内容与主句相同，即为同一事物。 e.g. This is the same pen that I lost yesterday .这正是我昨天丢的钢笔。 This is the same pen as I lost yesterday .这正像我昨天丢的钢笔。
4 The world makes the way for the man who knows where he is going.
针对练习 1 2011全国卷I The prize will go to the writer ________ story shows the most imagination. A. that B. which C. whose D. what 2011四川卷 The school shop, ________ customers are mainly students, is closed few the holidays. A. which B. whose C. when D. where 3.〖10 山东〗That?s the new machine ______ parts are too small to be seen. A. that B. which C. whose D. What 4.〖10 陕西〗The old temple _______ roof was damaged in storm is now under repair. A. where B. which C. its D. whose 5.〖10北京〗Children who are not active or diet is high in fat will gain weight quickly. A. what B. whose C. which D. that 6.〖10 重庆〗In china, the number of cities is increasing ________development is recognized across the world. A. where B. which C. whose D. that 7.〖09 天津〗A person ______ e-mail account is full won?t be able to send or receive any e-mails. A. who B. whom C. whose D. whoever 8.〖09 安徽〗Many children, parents are away working in big cities, are taken good care of in the village． A．their B．whose C．of them D．with whom 9.〖09 湖南〗I was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, a city name will create a picture of beautiful trees and green grass in our mind. A. which B. of which C. that D. whose 2011上海卷 You?ll find taxis waiting at the bus station ____ you can hire to reach your host family. A. which B. where C. when D. as 2011山东卷 The old town has narrow streets and small houses _____are built close to each other. A. they B. where C. what D. that 2011福建卷 She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students ____ allows them to communicate freely with each other. A. which B. where C. what D. who 4.〖10 湖南〗I?ve become good friends with several of the students in my school I met in the English speech contest last year. A. who B. where C. when D. which 5.〖10 全国Ⅱ 〗I refuse to accept the blame for something ________was someone else?s fault.
5 The world makes the way for the man who knows where he is going.
关系副词针对性练习 3 2011江苏卷） Between the two parts of the concert is an interval （ 间隔; 幕间, 休息时 间; 距离）, _______ the audience can buy ice-cream. A. when B. where C. that D. which 2011安徽卷） Whatever is left over may be put into the refrigerator, _____ it will keep for two or three weeks. A. when B. which C. where D. while 2011浙江卷） A bank is the place ______ they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it begins to rain. A. when B. that C. where D. there 2011 福建卷）It was April 29,2001 Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony. A．that B．when C．since D．berore 2011陕西卷）I walked up to the top of the hill with my friend, __________ we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. A. which B. where C. who D. that 6.〖10 福建〗Stephen Hawking believes that earth is unlikely to be the only planet life has developed gradually. A. that B. where C. which D. whose 7.〖10 江西〗The girl arranged to have piano lessons at the training center with her sister ______ she would stay for an hour. A where B who C which D what 8.〖10 天津〗-----Can you believe I had to pay 30 dollars for a haircut? -----You should try the barber?s I go. It?s only 15. A. as B. which C. where D. that 9.〖09 上海〗Mozart?s birthplace and the house ______ he composed ?The Magic Flute? are both museums now。 A. where B. when C. there D. which 10.〖09 四川〗She?ll never forget her stay there _ __ she found her son who had gone missing two years before. A. that B. which C. where D. when 11.〖09 福建〗It?s helpful to put children in a situation they can see themselves differently. A. that B. when C. which D. where 12.〖09 浙江〗I have reached a point in my life ______ I am supposed to make decisions of my own. A. which B. where C. how D. why 13.〖09 重庆〗Life is like a long race _____we compete with others to go beyond ourselves.
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A. why B. what C. that D. where 14.〖09 北京〗—What do you think of teacher, Bob？ —I find it fun and challenging. It is a job ___ you are doing something serious but interesting. A. where B. which C. when D. that 15.〖08 北京〗I?ll give you my friend?s home address, I can be reached most evenings. A.which B.when C.whom D.where 16.〖08 安徽〗All the neighbors admire this family, the parents are treating their child like a friend. A.why B.where C.which D.that 17.〖08 江西〗Later in this chapter cases will be introduced to readers consumer complaints have resulted in changes in the law. A.where B.when C.who D.which 18.〖08 重庆〗They will fly to Washington, they plan to stay for two or three days. A.where B.there C.which D.when 19.〖08 山东〗Occasions are quite rare I have the time to spend a day with my kids. A.who B.which C.why D.when 介词+ 关系代词针对性练习 4 1.〖10 山东〗Wind power is an ancient source of energy we may return in the near future. A. on which B. by which C. to which D. from which 2.〖09 陕西〗Gun control is a subject Americans have argued for a long time. A. of which B. with which C. about which D. into which 3.〖09 江西〗The house I grew up ________ has been taken down and replaced by an office building. A. in it B. in C. in that D. in which 4.〖10 浙江〗The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of left their village homes for a better life in the city. A. whom B. which C. them D. those 5.〖08 福建〗By nine o?clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, appeared a rare rainbow soon. A.of which B.on which C.from which D.above which 6.〖08 四川〗For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread out further, New York is an example. A.for which B.in which C.of which D.from which 非限定性定语从句针对性练习 5
7 The world makes the way for the man who knows where he is going.
2011全国卷II） Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt, ______ is a stupid thing to do in such weather. A. this B. that C. what D. which 2011北京卷） Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, _________, of course, make all the others upset. A. who B. which C. what D. that 2011江西卷） She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction _____had taken more than three years. A. for which B. with which C. of which D. to which 2011江苏卷）Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, _______ the audience can buy ice-cream. A. when B. where C. that D. which 2011安徽卷） Whatever is left over may be put into the refrigerator, _____ it will keep for two or three weeks. A. when B. which C. where D. while 2011浙江卷） English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of ____ uses it somewhat differently. A. which B. what C. them D. those 2011陕西卷） I walked up to the top of the hill with my friend, __________ we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. A. which B. where C. who D. that 2011湖南卷) Julie was good at German, French and Russian , all of _________ she spoke fluently. A. who B. whom C. which D. that 9.〖10 浙江〗The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of left their village homes for a better life in the city. A. whom B. which C. them D. those 10.〖10 江苏〗The newly built café , the walls of_______ are painted light green, is really a peaceful place for us, specially after hard work. A. that B. it C. what D. which 11.〖10 四川〗After graduating from college, I took some time off to go travelling, turned out to be a wise decision. A. that B. which C. when D. where 12.〖10 全国Ⅰ 〗As a child , Jack studied in a village school ,_____ is named after his grandfather. A. which B. where C. what D. that 13.〖09 安徽〗Many children, parents are away working in big cities, are taken good care of in the village． A．their B．whose C．of them D．with whom 14.〖09 辽宁〗They?ve won their last three matches, ________I find a bit surprising A. that B. when C. what D. which
8 The world makes the way for the man who knows where he is going.
15.〖09 湖南〗I was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, a city name will create a picture of beautiful trees and green grass in our mind. A. which B. of which C. that D. whose 16.〖09 全国Ⅱ 〗My friend showed me round the town, was very kind of him. A. which B. that C. where D. it 17.〖08 全国Ⅱ 〗The road conditions there turned out to be very good, ______ was more than we could expect. A.it B.what C.which D.that 18.〖08 北京〗I?ll give you my friend?s home address, you can be reached most evenings. A.which B.when C.whom D.where 19.〖08 安徽〗All the neighbors admire this family, the parents are treating their child like a friend. A.why B.where C.which D.that 20.〖08 湖南〗The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors, are beyond our control. A.most of them B.most of which C.most of what D.most of that 21.〖08 陕西〗The man pulled out a gold watch, were made of small diamonds. A. the hands of whom B. whom the hands of C. which the hands of D. the hands of which 22.〖08 四川〗For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread out further, New York is an example. A.for which B.in which C.of which D.from which 23.〖08 重庆〗They will fly to Washington, they plan to stay for two or three days. A.where B.there C.which D.when 24.〖08 浙江〗Yesterday she sold her car, ______ she bought a month ago. A. when B. where C. that D. which 25.〖08 福建〗By nine o?clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, appeared a rare rainbow soon. A.of which B.on which C.from which D.above which 26.〖08 江苏〗The Science Museum, we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is one of London?s tourist attractions. A.which B.what C.that D.where
Fill in the blanks：
Pay attention to everything__________I do. This is the best novel ___________I have read. They were talking about the person and things _______ they remembered in school. This is the last time___________ I shall give you a lesson. Which of the students _________ knows something about history.
9 The world makes the way for the man who knows where he is going.
He has little time ___________ he can spare. I?ve got one_________ you might be interested in. It is the first time__________I have been to the Great Wall . I don?t believe the reason _____________ he gave me . That?s the reason _________________ he didn?t come to school . She is very careful, ____________her work shows. ___________ we know, smoking is harmful to one?s health. _____________is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. I like the magazines, both of__________ are on biology. I like the magazines, and both of________ are on biology. He opposed the idea, __________ expected The accident had come to a point _________ the parents of both sides were to be called in. Do you still remember the days___________ we spent in Qingdao? Do you still remember the days _________ we spent the summer holidays in Qingdao? The Great Wall is one of the world-famous buildings that _________(draw) lots of visitors. Titanic is the only one of these wonderful movies that __________ been produced in Hollywood. All the neighbors admire this family _______ the parents are treating their child as a friend This is the factory _________ I visited.
【2013 北京】27. Many countries are now setting up national parks ____ animals and plants can be protected. A. when B. which C. whose D. where 【2013 福建】27. The book tells stories of the earthquake through the eyes of those _____ lives were affected. A. whose B. that C. who D. which 【2013 湖南】21. Happiness and success often come to those ______ are good at recognizing their own strengths. A. whom B. who C. what D. which 【2013 江苏】 32. The president of the World Bank says he has a passion for China ______ , he remembers starting as early as his childhood. A. where B. which C. what D. when 【2013 江西】33. He wrote a letter _____ he explains what had happened in the accident. A. what B. which C. where D. how 【2013 辽宁】34. He may win the competition, _____ he is likely to get into the national team. A. in which case B. in that case C. in what case D. in whose case 【2013 山东】31. There is no simple answer, __ is often the case in science.
The world makes the way for the 10 man who knows where he is going.
A. as B. that C. when D. where 【2013 山东】35. Finally he reached a lonely island ____ was completely cut off from the outside world. A. when B. where C. which D. whom 【2013 陕西】16. _____ is often the case with children, Amy was better by the time the doctor arrived. A. It B. That C. What D. As 【2013 四川】 9. Nowadays people are more concerned about the environment ______ they live. A. what B. which C. when D. where 【2013 天津】6. We have launched another man-made satellite, _____is announced in today?s newspaper A. that B. which C. who D. what 【2013 新课标 II 卷】4. When I arrived, Bryan took me to see the house _____ I would be staying. A. what B. when C. where D. which 【2013 新课标 I 卷】33.”You can?t judge a book by its cover,” ______ . A. as the saying goes old B. goes as the old saying C. as the old saying goes D. goes as old the saying。 【2013 浙江】5. The children, _____ had played the whole day long, were worn out. A. all of what B. all of which C. all of them D. all of whom 【2013 浙江】13. The museum will open in the spring with an exhibition and a viewing platform _____ visitors can watch the big glasshouses being built. A. what B. where C. when D. why 【2013 重庆】 24. John invited about 40 people to his wedding, most of ______ are family members. A them B. that C. which D. whom 【2013 安徽】29. Mo Yan was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2012, ______ made one of the Chinese people?s long-held dreams come true. A. it B. that C. what D. which