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高中英语必修1学案Unit2 学生版


高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

Unit 2

English around the world

Part 1: Warming up & Reading
Task 1.Please write down the main idea

of each paragraph. Para. 1: The _________ of the English language in the world. Para. 2: Native speaker can __________ each other but they may not be able to ______________ ____________ . ____________ with one another.

Para. 3-4: All language change when __________

Para. 5: English is spoken as a _______ language or ________ language in _______ and ______ . Task 2. fill in the chart AD450--1150 ____________ At the end of the 16th century ___________ ___________ Later Task 3. Choose the correct answers. 1. English has/had the most speakers _____. A. now B. when the British ruled many parts of the world C. in the time of Shakespeare D. in the 12th century
Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get. 1

.

English was based on _______ English was more like French. How many people speak English? __________ Shakespeare made use of a wider vocabulary. American English gained its own identity. __________ English had its identity.

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

2. Which of the following statements is true? A. Languages always stay the same B. Languages changes only after wars C. Languages no longer change D. Languages change when cultures change 3. Which country has the fastest growing number of English speakers. A. Australia B. China C. India D. Britain

Words and Phrases:
1. more than [语境展示] 阅读下列句子,注意 more than 的用法。 1) More than one person has a good knowledge of English in the school. 2) It won’t take you more than two hours to finish the job. 3) Both of them are more than schoolmates. They are close friends. 4) They were more than glad to help us. 5) The beauty of the West Lake is more than I can describe. 6) He is more brave than wise. [归纳总结] ①more than one +名词单数,意为“ ②more than +数词,意为“ +名词,意为“ +形容词/副词 ,意为“ +句子(句中常含 can/could) ,意为“ ③more…than…,意为“比…更…,与其说…倒不如说…”。 [活学活用] ① It took _____ building materials to construct these energy-saving houses. It took brains, too.
Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get. 2

”。作主语时谓语动词用 ”。相当于 ”。 ”。相当于 。 。

形式。

”。

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

A. other than

B. more than

C. rather than

D. less than

② —Do you need any help, Lucy? —Yes, the job is _____ I could do myself. A. no more than B. not more than C. less than D. more than

2. voyage n. 航行; (尤指)航海,航天 [语境展示] 阅读下列句子,注意 voyage 的用法。 1) The Titanic sank on its maiden voyage. 2) Columbus succeeded in making a voyage to America in 1492. [归纳总结] on a voyage [辨析] voyage, travel, journey, trip, tour voyage 指“海上或空中航行/旅行” 。 travel 是“旅行”的总称词,是不可数名词,前面不加冠词。常用作动词。 make a voyage to spl.

journey 指长途陆路旅行,特指“旅途”本身。 trip tour 指短期短途旅行,一般为往返旅行。 指(团队)观光旅游,也可表示“巡视” “巡回比赛”或“演出” 。

[活学活用] 用 voyage, travel, journey, trip, tour 的正确形式填空 ①The band is on ②The in France. to America took them 3 days on the sea. . to the seaside nearby last weekend. abroad.

③Wish you a pleasant ④They made a

⑤Nowadays more and more old people choose to 3. because of

“因为;由于”介词短语 后接名词,代词,动名词或 what 引导的宾语 从句

because

连词 后接从句

[句型转换] 1)Because of the heavy rain, the boy was late for school. = it rained heavily, the boy was late for school.
Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get. 3

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

2)

he said he was honest, I believed in him. what he said, I believed in him.

[活学活用] The open-air celebration has been put off _____ the bad weather. A. in case of 4. native [语境展示] 阅读下列句子,注意 native 的用法。 1) The people we met are native people. 2) The giant panda is native to West China. 3) The giant panda is a native of West China. [归纳总结] ①用作 adj.时,意为“ be native to sp. 意为: ②用作 n.时,意为“ be a native of sp. 意为: [活学活用]—He is a native _____ Britain. —No wonder he speaks English so well. A. to 5. come up [语境展示] 阅读下列句子,注意 come up 的用法,填写 come up 的词义。 1) A foreigner came up to me and asked the way to the station. ( 2) The sky was dark blue when the moon came up. 3) The grass is just beginning to come up. 4) The problem came up at the meeting. 5) She came up with a new idea at the meeting. ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) ) B. of C. with D. in ” 。 ” B. in spite of C. instead of D. because of

[注意]come up 被提出,其主语是被提出的内容,无被动语态。 come up with 提出,主语是提出者,宾语是被提出的内容。

Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get.

4

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

[拓展] come 的短语 come come 发生 实现 come come 跟着来;进展 加油;得了吧 come 偶然遇见 出现;开花;出版

come

[活学活用] They thought about it for a long time, but still couldn’t _____ a solution. A. come over 6. base [语境展示] 阅读下列句子,注意 base 的用法。 1) The story is based on facts. 2) One should always base one’s opinions on facts. 3) They decided to base the new company in New York. 4) Their company has its base in New York. 5) The base of the building is very strong. [归纳总结] ① 用作 vt.时,意为“ 结构是:base A 或意为“ ② 用作 n.时,意为“ [拓展] adj. 基本的;基础的 ” B 变成被动语态为:A ” 结构是: ; sth. sp. ” B B. get along with C. come out D. come up with

n. 基础;基点(侧重抽象含义)

[活学活用] 用 base, basis 填空。 ① The of a good marriage is trust. .

② The tower has a solid

③ Many students believe the choice of their courses should ____ their own interest. A. be based on B. base on C. be basing on D. base at

7. at present 现在;目前 = for the present

= now

[语境展示] 阅读下列句子,注意 present 的用法,填写 present 的词性和词义。
Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get. 5

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

1) The book was a present from my brother. 2) You’ve to forget the past and start living in the present. 3) Everyone present at the meeting welcomed the decision. 4) The present situation is very serious. 5) The children presented flowers to their teacher. [归纳总结] present 的用法 ① 用作 n.时,意为“ ② 用作 adj.时,意为“ 意为“ (常 the present) ” ;或者“ ”,作前置定语

( ( ( ( ( (= ” )

) ) ) ) )

”,作后置定语或表语 be present



◆英译汉:the present government leaders 和 the government leaders present ③ 用作 vt.时,意为“ 赠送某人某物:present sth. 英译汉: 8. make use of 利用,使用 [语境展示] 阅读下列句子,注意 make use of 的用法。 1) You should make good use of your spare time to study. 2) Your spare time should be made good use of to study. 3) Good use should be made of your spare time to study. [归纳总结] ①use 可以有不同的形容词修饰: make make use of 好好利用 make use of 更好地利用 of = make the of use of 充分利用 = make the 和 the use be ” sb. = present sb. sth.

[活学活用] They presented each person present at the meeting with a small present.

②make use of 的被动语态有两种结构: sth. be [活学活用] ① Ten minutes has been made full _____ of _____ the problem. A. using; studying C. to use; to study B. use; to study D. use; studying
6

Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get.

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

② He didn’t realize the use we ______ the information. A. made into 9. latter [语境展示] 阅读下列句子,注意 latter 的用法。 1) He presented two plans. The former was impractical. The latter seemed better. 2) The latter cook looks more experienced. [总结归纳] ①用作 ②用作 词,意为“ ,必须有 the 限定,构成 ” … … 意为“ … 。 …” 。 ” 和 the former 常构成: B. made in C. made of D. made from

词,是 late 的比较级,意为“

[辨析] late、 later、 latter、latest、lately 1.late adj. & adv. 迟,迟的,晚的,晚期,在晚期。 He is never late or school. 他上学从不迟到。 2. 3. later adj. & adv. 为 late 比较级,意指较迟,较晚一些。如: latter adj. 意思是指(两者中)后者的,后者,反义词是 former, (两者中)前者。 注意,不要把 latter 与 late 的比较级 later 混淆。如: 4.latest adj. & adv. 为 late 的最高级。意思是最新、最近或最迟。如: 5.lately adv. (=recently) 最近,近来,通常用于现在完成时态,如: Have you seen him lately? 你最近见到过他吗? [活学活用] ① The workers in the south often go to work early and leave off ② The old palace has been rebuilt. news about the man-made satellite. ③ The radio is broadcasting the ④ Of the two the .

电台正在播送有关人造卫星的最新消息。 is far better than the former. . ⑤ The problem will be solved sooner or

Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get.

7

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

Part Two

Sentence Patterns

1. Which country do you think has the most English learners? 你认为哪个国家有最多的英语学习者? [分析] 本句是含 do you think (插入语) 的双重疑问句, 用来询问对法的想法或意见。 [拓展延伸] ①双重疑问句的结构为: ②常用于此结构的动词有:think, 等。 [活学活用] __________ be sent to work there? A. Who do you suggest C. Do you suggest whom kind of English. 【句型剖析】 even if / even though 用来引导状语从句, 意为即使;尽管 1) We have decided to visit the museum, 我们已经决定去参观博物馆,尽管明天下雨。 注意:若主从句皆表示将来情况,even if 从句可用一般现在时代替将来时。 【活学活用】 1) We won’t give up _______we should fail 10 times. A. even if spoken together. A. whether B. even though C. as though D. since 3. At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today. 首先,在公元 450 到 1150 年间,人们所说的英语跟今天所说的英语很不一样。 [分析] 本句是一个较长的简单句。其中两个 English 后面的(spoken)过去分词短语都 用作 ,修饰名词 English。表示一种 含义。
8

+

+

语序?

B. Who do you suggest that should D. Do you suggest who should

2. Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same

.

B. since

C. whether

D. until was the first time we had

2) She understand what I was talking about ,_________it

Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get.

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

[拓展延伸]

>Things lost will never come again. >You may find fallen leaves all around.

①及物动词的过去分词表示

的动作,和被修饰词构成 。

关系。

②不及物动词的过去分词只表示动作的 [活学活用]

① Mrs White showed her students some old maps _____ from the library. A. to borrow B. to be borrowed C. borrowed D. borrowing

② As we all know, the United States is a _____ country. A. developed B. being developed C. developing D. to develop

Period 2
1. command

Using Language

[语境展示] 阅读下列句子,注意 command 的用法,填写 command 的词性词义。 1) She has a good command of English. 2) The army is under the King’s command. 3) He commands a great deal of money. 4) He commanded us to start at once. [归纳总结] have be 精通 在某人的指挥下 命令某人做某事 2. request [语境展示] 阅读下列句子,注意 request 的用法,填写 request 的词性词义。 1) We should make a request for help. 2) I requested an immediate answer. 3) He requested me to help him. [归纳总结] ( ( ( 请求/要求某物 请求/要求某人做某事
Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get. 9

( ( ( (

) ) ) )

) ) )

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

[拓展] He commanded that we should start at once. His request is that we should help him. 在含有 command, request 的名词性从句中, 都应用虚拟语气, 即在从句中谓语动词 形式为:should + do,其中 should 可以省略。 [活学活用] ①The general commanded all the soldiers to fire. = The general commanded all the soldiers . ②His new job requested that he _____ at the office before 7:00. A. be B. was C. is D. would be

Period 3
Ⅰ陈述句和疑问句复习 将下列直接引语转变成间接引语。 1. “I have to go home now,” the girl said. → The girl said that

Grammar

— Direct Speech and Indirect Speech

.

2. “I have finished my homework by myself,” she said. → She said that .

3. “Can you just get up a little earlier?” the mother said to her son. → The mother asked her son 4. “What is the time now?” she said to me. → She asked Ⅱ祈使句 [语境展示] 观察以下三个句子变成间接引语后的变化。 1. “Don’t make any noise while I am at work,” Mom said to us. → Mom told us not to make any noise while she was at work. 2. “Will you keep the secret for me?” Li Ming said to me.
Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get. 10

.

.

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

→ Li Ming asked me to keep the secret for him. 3. “Let’s go camping this weekend,” Tom said to us. → Tom suggested us going camping that weekend. [自我归纳] 变成间接引语后的变化有: 1. 4. ★主句中 的变化。 2. 的变化。 3. 的变化。

的变化。分为三种: ,也可以用 order, command 等。 ,也可以用 request, beg 等。 或

①表示命令时,常使用动词 ②表示请求时,常使用动词 ③表示建议时,常使用动词

[即学即用] 将下列直接引语转变成间接引语 1. The children said to their teacher: “Would you please sing a song for us?” → The children 2. The mother said to her son: “Turn off the radio!” → The mother the radio. .

3. He asked: “Why don’t we take a walk after supper?” → He He Ⅲ感叹句 [语境展示] 观察以下三个句子变成间接引语后的变化。 1. He said, “Oh, what a pity it is!” → He cried out what a pity it was. 2. He says to us, “How fine the weather is!” → He tells us how fine the weather is. 3. Mary said, “How excited I am!” → Mary said that she was very excited. [自我归纳] 变成间接引语后的变化: 1. 谓语动词、人称和时态适当发生改变; 2. 连接词可以使用 what 和 how,也可使用 that,将句子变成相应的宾语从句。
Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get. 11

a walk after supper. a walk after supper.

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

[即学即用] 将下列直接引语转变成间接引语 1. My teacher always said, “What an interesting job teaching is!” → My teacher always said 2. She said, “Ah, how fast he runs!” → She cried out [语法专练] 1. “Please close the window,” the old woman said to me. → The old woman _____ me _____ the window. A. said to; to close C. asked; to close B. told; closing D. said to; please close . .

2. My mother said, “Don’t do that again.” → My mother _____ me _____ that again. A. said to; not to do C. told; don’t do B. said to; don’t do D. told; not to do

3. The girl said to her teacher, “Could you repeat what you said?” → The girl _____ her teacher _____ what she had said. A. ordered; to repeat C. asked; to repeat B. required; repeat D. told; repeat

4. “Stand where you are!” the police said to the young man. → The police _____ the young man _____ where he was. A. told; stand C. asked; stand B. ordered; to stand D. suggested; to stand

5. My friend said to me, “Would you please go and post the letters for me?” → My friend _____ me _____ and post the letters for her. A. ordered; to go B. required; go
12

Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get.

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

C. asked; to go 6. Don’t be late, Jane. A. to be not late

D. demanded; go → Jane, the teacher told you _____. B. not to be late C. are not late D. to not be late

7. Tom said, “Let’s go to the park this afternoon.” → Tm suggested that they _____ to the park that afternoon. A. go B. went C. to go D. going

8. He asked _____ for the piano. A. did I pay how much C. I paid how much B. how much did I pay D. how much I paid

9. “When Tom _____, please let me know.” → Mary said when Tom _____, just tell her about it. A. comes; comes C. comes; came B. came; came D. comes; coming

10. She asked me _____ wake up the sleeping baby. A. please be careful not to C. to be careful to not B. to be careful not to D. not to be careful to

Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get.

13

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

Period 4

Writing

假定你是李华,你的朋友李明写信告诉你他因不善交友而苦恼。请根据下面提 示给他回信,提出建议。 提示:1 友善,乐于助人; 2 多于他人交流; 3 多参加活动; 注意:1.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 2.信的开头已经写好,但不计入总词数; 3.词数 120 左右。 [范文借鉴] Dear Li Ming, I’m sorry to hear you’re feeling worried for failing to make friends. Some tips below may be helpful to you. First, be kind, friendly and polite to others and always ready to help others, through which you’ll get well paid. Second, try to communicate with others more, for it can help strengthen your ties with friends and lots of misunderstandings can be avoided. Third, take an active part in activities, such as sports, games, travels, parties, etc. This way, you’ll get more chance to communicate with others. Besides, it is also very important that friends should be faithful to each other. Anyhow, there’re many ways to develop a good friendship. Hope you’ll get along well with your friends. Best wishes,

Yours, Li Hua
Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get. 14

高一英语学案

Unit 2 English around the world

___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________

Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get.

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