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【走向高考】2017年高考英语一轮复习 第一部分 基础知识聚焦 Unit 5 Travelling abroad习题 新人教版选修7


Unit 5 Travelling abroad
Ⅰ.阅读理解 导学号 01831256 (2016·河北百校联盟大联考一) SAN FRANCISCO—Only 21 percent of workers worldwide are “engaged”—that's the word used to describe workers who are ready

to expend some extra effort at work—while 38 percent are disengaged, according to a new survey. “Engagement is not satisfaction or happiness, but the degree to which workers connect to the company emotionally, and the degree to which workers are aware of what they need to do to add value and are willing to take that action,” said Julie Gebauer, a managing director of Towers Perrin, a consulting firm, which surveyed almost 90,000 workers in 19 countries. “Happy employees don't necessarily create better financial results, but there is a definite link between engagement and a company's financial performance,” Gebauer said. The survey found 21 percent of workers worldwide are engaged, and another 41 percent are “enrolled”, which means they're on the road to engagement. More than 80 percent of the engaged employees say they contribute to the quality of company products, services and customer satisfaction, while only 40 percent of disengaged workers agree. Engagement helps retention (留置) too. About 50 percent of engaged employees say they have no plans to leave their company versus 15 percent of the disengaged. “The fact that almost 80 percent of workers are disengaged is likely costing companies money. ”Gebauer said. “The conception of engagement is really a financial issue,” said Gebauer. “Organizations that have employees that are highly engaged deliver better financial results than those that don't.” In a separate study, Towers Perrin assessed data on 40 global companies over a three?year period, measuring employee engagement at a certain point and then looking at the companies' financial results over the following three years. Companies with highly motivated workers enjoyed a 3.7 percent increase in profits, while companies with a lower level of worker commitment saw a decrease in profits slightly. What makes for an engaged employee? It's not necessarily pay. While the level

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of pay is important, it's not among the top 10 drivers of engagement. Rather than only using the pay, companies should survey their work force, much as they might study their customers, to assess what employees are seeking. 1.The underlined word “enrolled” in Paragraph 4 means ________. A.engaged C.over?engaged B.disengaged D.not yet but to be engaged

答案:D 文章第四段的文意是:这项调查发现世界各地的员工有 21%是敬业的,另有 41%则是“乐业”,即他们正朝着敬业的目标迈进。enroll 的基本意思是“把??编入”, 根据文中对这个词汇后面的解释可以推测出 enrolled 在这里引申为“即将敬业的”。 2.According to the text, among 500 disengaged employees, how many would probably have the intention of leaving their company? A.50. C.250. B.75. D.425

答案:D 根据文章第六段可知,敬业员工约有 50%表示自己没有离开现职的打算,但 无心认真工作的员工只有 15%这么想。因此 500 名无心认真工作的员工中想要离开现职的人 有 500×(1-15%)=425 人;因此答案为 D 项。 3.What would probably be talked about following the last paragraph? A.The top ten drivers of engagement. B.The reason to encourage engagement. C.The importance of the pay level in engagement. D.The survey of work force in a company. 答案:A 文章最后一段陈述了“薪水的高低固然重要,却未能跻身敬业的十大动力行 列,公司应该访查自己的员工,以便评定员工追求什么。”所以下文应该是向大家列举能促 进员工敬业的十大动力。 Ⅱ.七选五 导学号 01831257 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 项。 (2015·衡水中学期中) What Teenagers Can Do To Earn More Respect As teenagers continue to grow and develop into young adults, the transition(过 渡) into adulthood has begun. With so many physical and emotional changes going on, certain manners are often forgotten and other adult traits are not yet accepted as a way of life. __1__ By doing the following things, you will earn more respect. 1.Contribute to the household
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At the very least, clean up after yourself. As a teenager, you are old enough to clean up after yourself. When you make a mess, clean it up. __2__ All chores that you do help to reduce the load of the person who did them before. Now that you're old enough and capable, why shouldn't you contribute to the household?__3__ 2.Be responsible __4__ Whether they are basic things, like brushing your teeth or doing your homework, or more involved chores that contribute to the household, simply fulfill your responsibilities on time. When adults know that they can rely on you, their trust and respect for you will increase. 3.Solve more of your own problems without asking for help Instead of taking the easy approach and asking for help, make an effort to solve your problems on your own first. The “easy way ” is only easy for you, but it is an extra task for the person from whom you are seeking help. Seek help only after you have make an honest effort to solve your own problems. __5__ When you become a good problem solver, you increase your value to the community. A.Everyone has certain responsibilities. B.By being aware of these manners and traits, you can manage them sooner. C.The people doing the chores before will greatly appreciate the help. D.This includes, but is not limited to, your dishes and your room. E.It will make your life more pleasant. F.Depending on the problem, 15 minutes of effort is usually a good guideline. G.When speaking to a group, speak loud enough. 文章大意: 本篇文章是关于青少年要如何赢得别人尊敬和信任的几点建议。 首先要学会 在家里帮忙做家务,即使从最简单的洗碗叠被做起。其次,要学会负责任,哪怕是自己个人 卫生也要做好。最后,要学会独立解决问题。当把这些都做好的时候,人们对你的信任也就 随之而来了。 1.B 考查上下文的推理判断能力。前句中出现的 manners 和 traits 以及后句的句式 和 F 选项的句式以及句中的 these manners 和 traits 恰好呼应,语义上也能起到承上启下 的作用,所以判断 B 选项正确。 2.D 考查上下文的推理判断能力。前句讲你应该学会自己收拾卫生,而 D 选项 This includes, but is not limited to, your dishes and your room. “这包括在内,但不能 局限在收拾自己碗筷和房间上”恰好能承接上文,故 D 选项正确。 3. C 考查上下文的推理判断能力。 本段内容是建议青少年要学会做家务活来帮助家人。 所以所填句子应该和做家务帮忙有关, 而且从段落安排上看, 最后一句话应该起到总结概括
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作用,由此判断 C 选项正确。句意:“如果你帮忙做家务,那么平时做这种家务的人会很感 激。” 4.A 考查上下文的推理判断能力。由后句 Whether they are basic things, 可以推 断前句应该出现 they 所替代的名词,而根据下文举的例子 like brushing your teeth or doing your homework 等可知 A 选项符合语境,能引领下文。句意:每个人都有某些责任。 故 A 为正确选项。 5.F 考查上下文的推理判断能力。在本段中作者建议人们不要轻易向人求助,要在自 己努力而未果的情况下去找人帮忙,纵观选项,只有 F 选项符合语境,能承接上文。 Ⅲ.语法填空 导学号 01831258 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 (2014·云南省二模) Michael:Could you please tell me more about the homestay family, sir? Teacher:We work with families __1__ enjoy having international students. Our families must meet special requirements before they __2__(invite) to have our international students. We require that the families live in a clean, safe and comfortable area, which is __3__ a reasonable distance of the school, not beyond 30 minutes' traveling time. Michael:Does every student stay with a host family? Teacher:Yes, we try our best to match __4__ of the visiting students with a family. Michael:If I stay with a host family, what should I expect?Teacher:The family will treat you as a guest, and you will be expected __5__(obey) house rules. All families provide a single __6__ shared room and a choice of meals. Students __7__(normal) share the bathroom. Michael:What do you think is the biggest advantage of homestay? Teacher:So far, past experience __8__(show) that it is the most effective way to learn the language. But you have to remember, your host family will have different customs and habits from __9__ you are used to. When in Rome, do __10__ the Romans do. 文章大意:本文是一篇情景对话。本对话主要谈到了作为 homestay 家庭的一些具体要 求。 答案: 1.who/that 考查定语从句。空格处所在句子是一个定语从句,且定语从句的先行词 是“families”,在从句中作主语。故填 who/that。
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2.are invited 考查动词的语态。根据上下文的语境可知,“they”与 invite 之间 在逻辑上是被动关系,且说明的是一般的情况。故填 are invited。 3.within 考查介词。根据下文的“not beyond 30 minutes' traveling time”可知, 此处指与学校的距离在一个合理范围内。故填 within。within a distance of 意为“在?? 距离之内”。 4. each 考查代词。 根据上文的“Does every student stay with...”和下文的“with a family”可知,空格处所填词表“每一”的含义,且空格处应填代词。故填 each。 5.to obey 考查非谓语动词。expect sb. to do sth.意为“希望某人做某事”。故 填 to obey。 6.or 考查连词。“single”与“shared”之间是选择关系,故填 or。 7.normally 考查副词。修饰动词“share”应该用副词。故填 normally。 8.has shown 考查动词的时态。“so far”常常与现在完成时连用。根据前面的“So far”可以推出,此处应填 has shown。 9. what 考查代词。 空格处在此引导宾语从句且在从句中作“to”的宾语。 故填 what。 10.as 考查连词。句意为:入乡随俗。When in Rome, do as the Romans do.是固定 的俗语。故填 as。 Ⅳ.短文改错 导学号 01831259 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (2016·河北百校联盟大联考一) Early one morning in April, 2014, it was raining hardly. I was seating in my classroom by myself. “We shall soon leave Beijing and return back to Sichuan. You'll say goodbye to your new classmates.”That my father told me the other day sounded once again on my ears. Although I had studied at school for only two months,I real loved everything there. What's more, the teaching conditions here are many better than those in Sichuan. As a child which was born in Sichuan, I knew almost nothing about the world outside. Therefore, after I came to Beijing, I saw so many things I had never seen. 答案:
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Early one morning in April, 2014, it was raining hardly. I was seating in my
hard sitting/seated

classroom by myself. “We shall soon leave Beijing and return back to Sichuan. You'll say goodbye to your new classmates.”That my father told me the other day sounded
What

once again on my ears.
in

Although I had studied at ∧ school for only two months,I real loved everything
the really

there. What's more, the teaching conditions here are many better than those in
much

Sichuan. As a child which was born in Sichuan, I knew almost nothing about the world
who/that

outside. Therefore, after I came to Beijing, I saw so many things I had never seen.
However

1.hardly→hard

hardly“几乎不”;hard“猛力地;沉重地”。

2. seating→seated 或 sitting seat 是及物动词, 常使用 be seated 或 seat oneself 结构;sit 是不及物动词。 3.删去 back return 与 back 重复。 4.That→What ________my father told me the other day 在引导一个主语从句,

谓语部分 told 缺宾语。故其引导词应用 what,that 不作句子成分,只起连接作用。 5.on→in in one's ears 在某人耳中。 6.school 前加 the 此处是特指作者所在的学校。 7.real→really 修饰动词 loved 应用副词。 8.many→much much 修饰比较级,many 无此用法。 9.which→who/that 先行词为 child,故用 who 或 that 引导定语从句。 10.Therefore→However 前后句为转折关系。

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