tceic.com
简单学习网 让学习变简单
相关标签
当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

外研版高中英语必修5的全册复习课件(精品)


本课件为基于精确校对的word书稿制作的“逐字编 辑”课件,使用时欲修改课件,请双击对应内容,进入可 编辑状态。

高中英语第五册(必修5)

第25讲 Module1 British and American English 第26讲 Module2 A Job Worth Doing 第27讲 Module3 Adventure in

Literature and the Cinema 第28讲 Module4 Carnival 第29讲 Module5 The Great Sports Personality 第30讲 Module6 Animals in Danger

新课标·外研版

高中英语第五册(必修5)

第25讲

Module 1

British and American English

第25讲 Module 1 British and American English

第25讲 │ 美文欣赏 美文欣赏
假如你是李华,是学校爱心俱乐部的成员,英语成绩非 常突出,有两年英语家教的经验,认为志愿工作能够使人树立 信心,培养良好的交际能力。请根据这则招聘信息所给的提示 写一封应聘邮件。 参考词汇:家教——tutor
A voluntary activity? In the winter vacation? Five volunteers wanted? As English teachers? At SOS children's village

第25讲 │ 美文欣赏
【精彩美文】 Dear Student Union, I have just read the ad on the school bulletin board and the moment I read it I took an interest in becoming one of the volunteer English teachers of the five. Now I am writing here to apply for this opportunity. First, please allow me to make a brief introduction about myself. I'm Li Hua, a member of the Loving Heart Club in our school, and I have a good command of English. My two years' experience as a tutor has taught me that working as a volunteer

can build up our confidence and enable us to develop our communication skills, which are a necessity in our social life.

第25讲 │ 美文欣赏
When I read your ad, I became fascinated. I believe that
being a volunteer teacher at your village is obviously more than just teaching; it is helpful to broaden my horizons and improve my understanding of the world. Besides, by helping those kids, I feel I can make a difference to their future and make a small contribution to society. I'd appreciate it so much if you could possibly consider my application. I'm looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

第25讲 │ 美文欣赏
【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:表明意图→叙述优势→说明意义。较好地使 用了连接词,如:first,besides等。 ②词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇。如:take an interest in,apply for,have a good command of,build up, fascinated, make a difference, make a small contribution to等。 ③句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如:动名 词短语作主语,that引导的宾语从句中包含了which引导的定 语从句:…that working as a volunteer can build up our confidence and enable us to develop our communication skills, which are a necessity in our social life;时间状语从句:When I read your ad…

第25讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. confusing _________ adj.使人困惑的→ confused ________ adj. 感到困惑的 →confuse v.使人困惑;混淆 2. _____ differ v. 不同,有区别→ different adj. 有区别的,不同的→ _________ difference n. 区别,差异 3. ______ variety n. 种类→variation n. 变化→_______ various adj.各种各样的 vary v. 变化,不同 → ____ 4. _____________ n.通告;宣告;通知→ _________ announcement announce vt.通告, 宣告→announcer n.广播员,播音员

第25讲 │ 基础梳理
5.add v.增加→ addition _______ n. 增添,增加→ _________ additional adj.附 加的,另外的→___________ additionallyadv. 另外 simply adv.简单地, 6. _______ simplifyv. 简化→ simple adj.简单的→ ______ 仅仅 combine v. 组合,结合 7. combination n. 组合,结合→________ 8. _______ _______ n. 批评→ critical adj. 批评的 criticize v.批评→ criticism 9. reference ________n. 参考,查阅→ refer v.谈及,提及,涉及,参 考

第25讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.有相同的特点 2.有影响;使不相同 3.充满,填满 4.四处走动(旅行) 5. 排队等候 6. 把A与B相比 7.毕竟;终究 8.做某事有困难 9.引起,导致;通向 10.(偶然)学会

have…in common make a difference fill up get around queue up/stand in line compare A with B after all have difficulty (in)doing sth. lead to pick up

第25讲 │ 基础梳理
11.同意;支持 12.称A为B 13.幸亏;多亏 14.毕业于 15.消失

in favour of refer to A as B thanks to graduate from wear off

第25讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1. It doesn’t _______________________________ make much of a difference whether a teacher speaks British __ or American English. 老师说英国英语还是说美国英语没有多大影响。 in which the two varieties ______ differ are 2. The other two areas ________ spelling and pronunciation. 在两种英语中另外两个领域的区别是拼写和发音。 3. The British use prepositions ______ where Americans sometimes _____ omit them… 英国人使用介词的地方,美国人有时省略……

第25讲 │ 基础梳理
4.When the Irish writer George Bernard Shaw _________ made the _____________ famous remark that the British and the Americans are two nations _______ divided by a common language, he was obviously thinking about the differences. _____________ 当爱尔兰作家萧伯纳讲那句名言——英国和美国是被同一 种语言分开的两个民族——的时候,他显然想到了他们的 区别。 After all , there is probably as much variation of 5. _______ ________________ pronunciation within the two countries as between them. 毕竟,两个国家境内的口音差别可能跟两个国家之间的口 音差别一样多。

第25讲 │ 基础梳理
6.A Londoner ______________________________ has more difficulty understanding a Scotsman from Glasgow than understanding a New Yorker. 伦敦人要听懂来自格拉斯哥的苏格兰人讲话可能比听懂纽 约人讲话更难。 7.This nonstop communication, the experts think, ________________ has made it easier for British people and Americans _____________________ to understand each other . 专家们认为,这种不间断的交流使得英国人和美国人彼此 理解变得更容易了。

第25讲 │ 基础梳理
8.But it has also _____ led to lots of American words and structures passing into British English, _______ so that some people now ____________ believe that British English will disappear. 但是,这也导致了大量的美语单词和结构进入英式英语。 结果,现在许多人都认为英式英语将会消失。 9. By ____________it was selling one million copies a year, the 1850s _________ making it one of the most popular school books ____ ever . 到19世纪50年代时,这本书每年都销售一百万册,使它成 为最受欢迎的学校用书之一。

第25讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 Review of verb forms (1)

第25讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 compare vt. 比较;相比
(1) compare A with B to B compare A __ compared with/to… compare notes (2) beyond compare 把A与B相比 把A比作B 和……比起来(通常作状语) 交换意见;交流看法 无与伦比的;举世无双的

第25讲 │ 单词点睛
【情景记忆】

第25讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) That car is a real beauty. This one ________________ can’t compare withit. 那辆车真的很美,这一辆无法与之相比。 compare the human brain __ to a (2) Scientists sometimes _________ computer. 科学家有时将人脑比作电脑。

第25讲 │ 单词点睛
2.单项填空 ________ the past, our life is much better. A.Comparing with B.Be compared C.To compare with D.Compared with 【解析】 D 过去分词短语作条件状语,相当于If it is compared with…, compare 与our life之间为逻辑动宾关系。

第25讲 │ 单词点睛
2 differ vi. (to be different from sth. in some way) 不同,有 区别;(to disagree, not share the same opinion)有异议,(意 见)有分歧

第25讲 │ 单词点睛
(1) differ (widely/greatly)in (from sb./sth.) 在……方面(与……大)不相同 differ with sb. (about/on/upon/over sth.) (在某事上)与某人意见不同 (2) different adj. 不同的 difference n. 差异,区别 be different from… 与……不同 tell the difference between… 说出……之间的区别 make a difference 有影响;使不同;起作用

第25讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Human’s facial expressions _______________ differ from those of animals. (differ) 人类的面部表情与动物的不同。 (2) Our opinions __________________ differ greatly/widely on this matter. (differ) 在 这个问题上我们的观点很不一致。

第25讲 │ 单词点睛
3 present vt. (to give or hand over sth. to sb., esp. formally at a ceremony)颁发,赠送;(to give a speech in which you offer an idea, plan, etc. to be considered or accepted)陈述; (to show or describe sb. or sth.)呈现,介绍n. 礼物;现在 adj. 出席的,在场的;现在的,现存的 (1) present sth. to sb./present sb. with sth. 向某人赠送(展示、表达)某物 (2) __ 目前,现在 at present for the present 目前,眼下;暂且 (3) be present at 在场,到场

第25讲 │ 单词点睛
【温馨提示】 present adj. 语) 在场的,出席的:people present at the meeting (后置定语) 当前的,现在的:our present difficulties(前置定

第25讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 根据语境判断present在下列句中的含义 颁发 (1) Who will present the prizes at the closing ceremony? _____ 呈现 (2) I don’t like the way the movie presents its characters. _____ 出示 (3) You must present your passport to the customs officer. ____ 存在的 (4) The touching scene is still present in my mind. _______

第25讲 │ 单词点睛
4 attempt n. & v. (to make an effort to accomplish sth.; to try to do sth.) 试图,尝试 (1) attempted adj. 企图的;未遂的 (2) attempt to do sth.=attempt at doing sth. =make an attempt to do sth. 尝试(试图)做某事

第25讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 He _______________________________________________ attempted to escape/attempted at escaping/made an ________________ attempt to escape from prison, but he couldn’t find anybody to help him. 他试图从监狱逃跑,但找不到人帮他。

第25讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 have…in common 有相同的特点 (1) have much/a lot/a great deal in common with… 与……有很多共同之处 have not much/nothing/little in common with… 与……没多少/没有共同之处 (2) in common with sb./sth. 与……一样 (3) in common 共有;共用;共同

第25讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) Their methods ______________________ have nothing in common . 他们的方法没有相同之处。 (2) _______________ In common with many others, she applied for a training place. 和许多人一样,她申请参加训练。

第25讲 │ 短语储存
2 make a/some/no/little etc. difference(to sb./sth.) (to have an important/no/little effect or influence on sth. or sb.) (对某人或某事)(没)有影响;(不)起作用

第25讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 It _______________________ makes no difference to me whether you stay or go. 你留下还是离开对我来说无所谓。 2.英译汉 A few kind words at the right time make all the difference. 在适当的时候说几句贴心的话效果迥然不同。 ________________________________________

第25讲 │ 短语储存
3 after all (in spite of what has been said, done or expected) 终究, 归根结底 (表示结果与预想的不同,多置于句尾); (to be used to say that sth. should be remembered or considered)毕竟,别忘了(导出原因,多置于句首) all in all not at all in all ______ above all 总的说来 一点儿也不;不用谢 一共; 总计 首先;尤其是;最重要的是

第25讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 根据语境用all短语填空 (1) ________ All in all , it was a great success. (2) —Do you mind if I stay a little longer? not at all . —No, ________ (3) ______ In all , there were 215 candidates. (4) He is strong, brave and,_________ above all , honest. (5) You should forgive him for his forgetfulness;________ after all, he is over seventy.

第25讲 │ 短语储存
4 refer to 提到,谈及;涉及,与……有关;查阅,参考 把……称作…… 将……送交给……(以获得帮助等)

refer to…as… refer…to …

第25讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 根据语境选择refer to合适的意义 a. to mention or speak about someone or something b. to look at a book, map, piece of paper, etc. for information c. to be relevant to sb./sth.; to concern sb./sth. c b (1) What I have to say refers to all of you. __ a (2) He gave the speech without referring to his notes. __ a you._ (3) When I said someone was stupid, I wasn’t referring to (4) The children like referring to him as “Grandpa Li”. __

第25讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1 A Londoner has more difficulty understanding a Scotsman from Glasgow than understanding a New Yorker. 伦敦人要听懂来自格拉斯哥的苏格兰人讲话可 能比听懂纽约人讲话更难。 句型公式 “做某事很费劲/有困难”: have…difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth. have…difficulty/trouble with sth. There is…difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth./with sth.

第25讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】 have a hard time (in) doing sth. 做某事有些艰难

第25讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 I _______________________________________ had great difficulty/trouble with/(in) doing the work. 做这份工作我遇到了很大的困难。 2.单项填空 Can you imagine what difficulty he had ______ the work? A. to do B. do C. doing D. done 【解析】 C 句意为:你能想象他做这份工作遇到了多大 困难吗?表示“做某事有困难”have trouble/difficulty (in) doing sth.结构经常考查得很隐蔽。如本题在宾语从句中考 查是常见的一种形式,此题还可以改为在定语从句中考查: Can you imagine the difficulty he had (in) doing the work?

第25讲 │ 句型透视
2 However, if you turn on CNN, the American TV network, you find newsreaders and weather forecasters all speaking with different accents… 然 而,如果你打开美国电视网络节目CNN,你会发现新闻播 报员和天气预报员操着不同的口音…… 【句式点拨】 find表示“发现/觉得……处于某种状态”时,后面可以加复 合宾 语: doing find sb./oneself/sth. done (to be) + adj./n. prep. phrase

第25讲 │ 句型透视
【温馨提示】 (1) 当该结构中宾语是oneself时,常表示主语“不知不觉发现 自己……”。 (2) find后面所跟的不定式作宾补一般是to be+ adj./n., to be往 往省略, 普通的实义动词不能用于该结构。

第25讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) She woke to _____________________ find her father standing by her bed. 她醒来发现爸爸正站在床边。 (2) When she opened her eyes, she found herself in a different world . ____________________________ 当她睁开眼睛的时候,发现自己在一个不同的世界里。 (3) He made for the door and _____________ found it locked. 他走向门,发现门锁了。

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 arieties of stamps. 1. He likes to collect v_______ 2. You need to p______ resent your ideas to your manager clearly. 3. The situation in this country is improving ________ steadily (稳定 地 ). 4.It was o_______ bvious to everyone that the child had been badly treated. 5.My r_______ emarks were not aimed at you.

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 fill up, get around, after all, in favour of, make a difference 1.The sea air has ________________ made a difference to her health. 2. My mother was against my plan while my father spoke ___________ in favour of it. 3. You shouldn’t scold him for the mistake. _______ After all , he is just a boy of 5. 4. The girl asked me to ____ fill her car ___ up . 5. I have been here for half a year, but haven’t ___________ got around the town so far.

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 福建卷] —In this day and age,women can have children and jobs as well. —I can't agree more.It's great to have the two ________. A. linked B. related C. connected D. combined 【解析】 D 本题考查固定用法。第二句意思为:“我非 常赞同。让这两件事情相结合是非常好的。” have sth. done意为“使某事被做”。link相联系;relate有关; connect相连接;combine结合,联合。

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.In order not to worry his parents, he never told them about the difficulty he had ________ his own company. A. setting up B. having set up C. to set up D. set up 【解析】 A 本题考查have difficulty (in) doing sth.结构。 能辨认出这一结构是解题的关键。

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.[2011· 湖北卷] The old engineer’s eyes still shone bright in the wrinkled brown face and his step as he came across the room was ________ though slow. A.shaky B.heavy C.casual D.steady 【解析】 D 本题考查形容词辨析。句意为:那位老工程 师的眼睛在他那棕色的布满皱纹的脸上依然闪烁着光芒, 他那穿过房间的脚步虽然缓慢但依然很平稳。shaky摇晃的; heavy重的;casual随便的;steady稳定的。根据句意可知 应选D项。

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.Michael's new house is like a huge palace, ________ with his old one. A.comparing B.compares C.to compare D.compared 【解析】 D 本题考查compared with短语。compared with…和……比起来。

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.The president spoke at the business meeting for nearly an hour without ________his notes. A.bringing up B.referring to C.looking for D.trying on 【解析】 B 本题考查动词短语辨析。refer to 在此意为 “参考”,符合句意。bring up养大,养育;look for寻找; try on试穿。

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.[2011· 安徽卷] To be great,you must be smart,confident, and,________,honest. A. therefore B. above all C. however D. after all 【解析】 B 本题考查词语辨析。句意为:成为了不起的 人,你必须聪明、自信,最重要的是,要诚实。smart, confident和honest三个并列的形容词作表语,但honest是其 中最重要的,故选B。therefore因此;above all最重要的是; however然而;after all终究,毕竟。

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练
7. The two kinds of cellphones differ ________ shape, but they are similar ________ each other in some functions. A.from; with B.in; to C.in; with D.from; to 【解析】 B differ in在……上不同;be similar to与……相 似。根据句意“这两种手机形状不同,但一些功能很相似” 可知选B。

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.The visiting minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks, ________ that he had enjoyed his stay here. A.having added B.to add C.adding D.added 【解析】 C 本题考查非谓语动词。此处所填的词与其后 的宾语从句构成状语,表示伴随。此处adding表示主动意 义,所表示的动作与谓语动作同时发生。

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.When I ________ myself missing him, my face went red. A.made B.thought C.found D.realized 【解析】 C 本题考查动词搭配。find oneself doing sth. 表示“猛然发现自己在做某事”,其他选项搭配都不合适。

第25讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.Did she ________ that my clothes were not proper for the occasion? A.remark B.mark C.tell D.speak 【解析】 A 本题考查动词辨析。remark评论;mark标注。

第26讲

Module 2

A Job Worth Doing

第26讲 Module 2 A Job Worth Doing

第26讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. satisfying/satisfactory ___________________ adj.令人满意的 → satisfied _______ adj.感到 satisfaction n. 满意 满意的 → satisfy v.使人满意 → __________ stressed adj.感到压力 2. stressful _______ adj. 充满压力的,紧张的→ ________ 的 → stress n. 压力 v.强调 voluntaryadj. 志愿的, 3. volunteer n.志愿者v. 志愿,自愿→ _________ 义务的 4. direct v. 指挥,指导,指路adj.直接的,坦率的 adv.直接地 → _______ direction n. 指导, directly adv.直接地;立即,马上→ ________ 指挥,方向→ ________ n.指导者,主管;董事;导演 director →directory n. (电话)号码簿

第26讲 │ 基础梳理
5. ________ qualified adj. 合格的,称职的→ _______ qualify v.使具有资格, 使合格→ qualification n.资格, 限制条件 6. ______ freeze v. 冻僵 ,冻住;使呆住n.(物价或工资的)冻结→ _______ freezing adj. 极冷的→ ______ frozen adj.被冻住的,冷冻的 →freezer n. 冰箱 sign vt.签字;做手势示意n. 迹象,征兆;标牌;手势 → 7. _____ signature n.签名 application n. 申请,申请书 8. apply v. 申请 ,应用→ __________ 9. require v. 需要,要求 → requirement ___________ n. 要求,必要条件 10. ______ suffer v. 遭受(痛苦),经历→ suffering n.痛苦,苦难 personal adj.私人的, 亲 11. __________ personality n.个性,性格→ _________ 自的→ __________ personally adv.就个人而言;亲自→ person n.人

第26讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.尤其;特别 2.平均 3. 脱离;坠落;分开 4.理论上;从理论上来说 5.实际上;实践中 6.遵守规则 7.靠……生活 8.以为……理所当然 9.经过 10.对……产生影响

in particular on average come off in theory in practice respect/obey the rules live on take…for granted pass by have an effect on…

第26讲 │ 基础梳理
11.志愿/主动做某事 12.要求某人来,召唤出动 13.一周又一周 14.占据 15.适合/有资格做某事 16. (未)注意到 17.申请 18.作为……的回应 19.休假一天 20.与……有关

volunteer to do sth. call out week in, week out take up be qualified for sth./to do sth. take (no) notice of apply for in response to… have a day off be related to…

第26讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.Although there is not a lot of traffic, on average, one vehicle __________ comes off the road ______________ every two weeks . 尽管交通量不大,但平均每两周会有一辆车掉下公路。 pass by taking the human traffic signal 2.But often they just _______,___________________________ __________ for granted . 但他们经常只是从他身边驶过,把人体交通标志看作理所 当然的事情。

第26讲 │ 基础梳理
3. _______________________________ I would be very grateful if you could send me more information about the post(s) available. 如果你们能把更多的有关这些工作的信息寄给我的话,本 人将非常感激。 am writing in response to your advertisement for a 4.I ______________________ temporary position as a waiter. 我现在写信应征你的广告,求一份当服务员的临时工作。

第26讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 Review of verb forms (2)

第26讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 offer vi. & vt. (to say that you are willing to do sth.; to provide sth. that people need or want)主动提出,提议;(to say that you are willing to pay a particular amount of money for sth.)出价 n. 建议;提供;出价 (1) offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 向某人提供某物 (2) offer money for sth. 出钱买某物 offer sth. for money 要价……卖某物

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 He _____________ offered to help me. 他主动提出帮助我。 2.单项填空 They’ve _____ us $150,000 for the house. Shall we take it? A.provided B.supplied C.shown D.offered 【解析】 D 本题考查offer表示“出价”的意思。offer sb. some money for sth. 意为“向某人出价买某物”,又由 “Shall we take it? ”可知offer最符合句意。

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
2 apply vi. (to make a formal request)申请,请求;(to have an effect on or to concern a particular person, group, or situation)适用 (1) application n. 申请;申请书;应用,运用 applicant n. 申请人 (2) apply (to sb./sth.) for sth. (向某人/某组织)申请某物 apply to do sth. 申请做某事 apply sth. to sth. 将某物应用于某物 apply to… 适用于…… apply oneself to sth./doing sth. 专心致力于(做)某事

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) I’m going to _____________________ apply for the/that post . 我打算申请那个职位。 (2) Do the same rules _______________________ apply to parttime workers ? 同样的规则是否适用于兼职工人? (3) The new technology _________________ has been applied to farming. 这项新技术已应用于农业。

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
3 require vt. 需要,要求 (1) requirement n.

所需要的东西;必要的条 件,必备的条件 meet/satisfy requirements 满足需要/必备的条件 (2) require that sb.(should) do sth. 要求/需要某人做某事 require sb. to do sth. 要求/需要某人做某事 require sth. of sb. 向某人要求某物 require doing 需要被做 (3) as required 按照要求 required reading 指定读物

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 require, request和demand 不同点: (1) require意为“要求”,表示“要求所必需的东西;法律、 协议、规章以及其他客观情况的要求”。如: If you are required to do or have something, a law or rule says you must do it or have it. (2) request(to ask for sth. officially)意为“请求”,表示“有礼 貌的请求;正式的请求”。

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
(3) demand(to ask for something very firmly,especially because you think you have a right to do this)意为“要求”, 表示“有正当权利的要求”,因此含有“坚决或强烈要求” 的意思。 (4) require 和demand 都可以表示“需要”的意思,而request 无此用法。如: This sport demands patience and strength. 这项运动需要耐力和体力。 The matter requires careful handling. 这件事情需要谨慎处理。

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
(5) require/request sb. to do→be required/requested to do; demand to do; demand sb. to do(×) (6) “require+ 动名词”时,主动形式的动名词具有被动意义, 而demand,request无此种用法。如: My car requires (= wants/needs) repairing. 我的汽车需要修理。 相同点: demand,require和request都可以接that引导的宾语从句, 并且从句中的谓语动词要用“should + 动词原形”形式, 其中should可以省略。

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 he (should) go to bed early . (1) His health requires that ________________________ 照他的健康状况而论,他需要早睡。 (2) I requested them ______________ to stop making such a noise. 我请求他们别这样喧闹。 requires painting . (3) The house _______________ 这房子需要刷油漆。 (4) I _______________ require to know the truth. 我要求知道真相。

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
4 demand n. & v. 要求;需要;查问 (1) demanding adj. 要求高的,需要高技能(耐 心等)的,费力的;苛求的 (2) demand that sb. (should)do sth. 要求某人做某事 demand to do sth. 要求做某事 demand sth. from/of… 向……要求,向……索取 (3) in demand 非常需要的; 受欢迎的 meet/satisfy one’s demands 满足某人的需要 (the/a great)demand for… 对……的需求

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) He demands that _________________ he (should) be told everything. = He demands to _________ be told everything. 他要求将一切都告诉他。 (2) “Where are you going?”shedemanded ________________ angrily . “你要去哪里?”她气势汹汹地问。 (3) Good secretaries are always _________ in demand. 好的秘书总是非常需要的。 (4) This is a demanding __________ job. So there is ________________ a great demand for skilled workers. 这是一份要求很高的工作。因此很需要技术熟练的工人。

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
5 suffer vi.&vt. (to experience physical or mental pain or sth. unpleasant )遭受/经历(痛苦等);吃苦头,受损害 (1) suffering n. 疼痛,苦难,痛苦 (2) suffer from… 受……之苦,患……之病 suffer pain/damage/loss/a defeat 遭受痛苦/损害/损失/失败

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Your studies will suffer if you play too much football. (英译 汉) 功课就会受影响 你要是总踢足球, __________________ 。 suffer from headaches? (2) Do you __________ 你受头痛的困扰吗?

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
6 available adj. [(of things) that can be used or obtained] (指物)可用的或可得到的;[(of people) free to be seen, talked to, etc.](指人)可会见的,有空的

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) __________________ Tickets are available from the box office. 在售票处可以买到票。 (2) ____________ I’m available in the afternoon. 我下午有空。

第26讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 in particular (=especially)尤其,特别 be particular about/over sth. 对某事挑剔;对某物讲究

第26讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) We like to read Lu Xun’s essays ___________ in particular . 我们特别喜欢读鲁迅的文章。 (2) He is very ___________________ particular about/over food. 他吃东西特别挑剔。

第26讲 │ 短语储存
2 pass by 经过 [(sb./sth.)to go past a person, place, vehicle, etc.]

(1) passerby n. 过路者(复数passersby) (2) pass away 去世(委婉的说法) pass sth. down (from sb. to sb.) 把……往下传,传给后人 pass sth. on (to sb.) 把某物传给(某人)

第26讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) Somebody __________ passing by asked me the way to the square. 一个 过路人向我打听去广场的路。 (2) Please _____________________ pass the message on to the other students. 请把口信传给其他的同学。

第26讲 │ 短语储存
3 take sb./sth. for granted (to be so used to sb./sth. that you do not recognize their true value any more and do not show that you are grateful)视某人/某事为当然 take it for granted that… (to believe that sth. is true without making sure)理所当然地认为……

第26讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) Don’t _____________________ take his help for granted . 不要把他的帮助视为理所当然。 (2) I _________________ took it for granted that you’d want to come with us, so I bought you a ticket. 我理所当然地认为你想和我们一起去, 所以给你买了一张票。

第26讲 │ 短语储存
4 take up 占据(时间/空间);开始从事(爱好或工作);接受 (挑战等);继续讲/做;站好位置以备 take back take down take __ in take on __ 承认说了错话;收回某言语;退回 记下 欺骗/蒙骗; 吸入; 收留;领会,理解 呈现(某种性质、样子等);雇用;接受(工 作);承担(责任等)

第26讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 1.根据语境选择take up合适的意义 a.fill or occupy (the specified space or time) b.to become interested in a new activity and to spend time doing it c.to start a new job or have a new responsibility d. to accept an offer, or a challenge e. to move to the exact place where you should be, so that you are ready to do sth.

第26讲 │ 短语储存
f. to continue a story or activity that you or somebody else has begun, after a short break (1) When did you take up gardening? __ b (2) The little time I had outside of school was taken up a with work. __ (3) Rick took up the challenge and cycled the 250mile route alone. __ d f (4) I’ll take up the story where you left off. __ (5) Peter will take up the management of the finance c department. __ (6) The runners are taking up their positions on the starting e line. __

第26讲 │ 短语储存
2.根据语境用take短语的适当形式填空 (1) Her face _______ took on a fierce expression. (2) Don’t _______too much work—the extra cash isn’t worth take on it. (3) You’d better _________ take back that remark! (4) He _______ took up his first teaching post in 1990.

第26讲 │ 短语储存
3.单项填空 The crazy fans of Jay Chou arrived at his concert hall two hours earlier to ________ the front row seats. A.take out B.take off C.take on D.take up 【解析】 D 本题考查动词短语辨析。take up意为“占据 (位置),占用(时间)”;take out意为“带……出去,领取”; take on意为“呈现,承担,聘用,接纳”;take off意为 “起飞,脱下,休假”。句意为:周杰伦的歌迷提前两个 小时到达演唱会现场,是为了占前排的座位。

第26讲 │ 短语储存
5 live on 以某物为食;靠……生活;继续生活或存在

live up to符合(标准);不负(盛名);履行(诺言) live by doing sth. 靠做某事为生

第26讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) Mozart is dead but his music _______ lives on . 莫扎特人已作古, 但他的音乐作品却万世流传。 (2) My salary isn’t enough for us _________ to live on . 我的薪水不够我们生活。 (3) He failed to ________ live up to his parents’ expectations/his principles. 他辜负了父母的期望/没有遵守自己的原则。

第26讲 │ 短语储存
6 call out (to ask or order a person or an organization to help, especially in a difficult or dangerous situation)要求某 人来,召唤出动(尤指处理紧急情况);(to say sth. loudly)大 声说出

第26讲 │ 短语储存
(1) call by/round 顺路拜访,短暂地访问 call __ 访问某地 at a place call on __ sb. 拜访某人 (2) call for sb./sth. 去接某人;需要,要求 call on/upon sb. to do sth. 邀请某人讲话等;号召或促使某人 做某事 call in 召来,叫来;请……来帮忙 call sb./sth. __ 给某人打电话/使回忆起、使想起 up 某物

第26讲 │ 短语储存
【注意事项】 call的短语较多,也很容易混淆,请根据下面的例句及其短语 的英语解释体会其含义,并掌握用法。 (1) The army has been called out to help fight fires. 军队已经被派出协助灭火。(to ask sb. to come, especially to an emergency) (2) The situation calls for prompt action. 形势所迫, 必须立即 采取行动。(require, demand or need sth.) (3) I now call upon the chairman to address the meeting. 我现在 邀请主席向大会致辞。(to formally invite or ask sb. to speak, etc.)

第26讲 │ 短语储存
(4) So I call on all to help those who are suffering. 所以我号召所 有的人来帮助那些正在受苦的人。(to appeal to or urge sb. to do sth.) (5) We must call in a doctor. 我们必须请位医生。(to ask for the services of sb.)

第26讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) She __________ called out to her father for help. 她大声向她爸爸喊救命。 (2) I’ll _______ call for you at 7 o’clock. 我7点钟到你家接你。 (3) —I’ve been promoted. —This _______ calls for a celebration! “我升职了。”“那得庆祝一下!” (4) The sound of happy laughter called ________ up memories of his childhood. 这欢笑声使他回忆起了童年时代的情景。

第26讲 │ 短语储存
2.单项填空 I’ll ________ and see my mother on my way home. A. call on B. call out C. call at D. call by 【解析】 D 句意为:我要在回家的路上顺便看看我的妈 妈。A、C、D三项都可以表示“拜访”,call on和call at分 别要加人和地点名词作宾语,call by则不能加宾语,因此D 正确。

第26讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
Sometimes drivers give him a tip, so that he has just enough money to live on. 有时候司机们给他一点小费, 使他能够维持生活。 句型公式 “名词+to do”,不定式作后置定语修饰名词 【注意事项】 (1) 不定式作定语时,与其所修饰的词之间在逻辑上有动宾关 系、主谓关系等。 试比较:

第26讲 │ 句型透视
① He needs a room to live in. (动宾关系) 他需要有一间房子住。 ② He is always the first to come and the last to leave. (主谓关 系) 他总是第一个来,最后一个走。 ③ The meeting to be held tomorrow is about quality education. (不定式的被动语态表示将来的被动动作) 明天要开的会是关于素质教育的。 (2) 当不定式和所修饰的名词是动宾关系时,不及物动词后面 的介词不能遗漏。 I need a room to put all my things in. 我需要一个房间把我所有的东西都放进去。

第26讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 John is a pleasant fellow __________________ to get along/on with . 约翰是一个容易相处的好伙伴。

第26讲 │ 句型透视
2.单项填空 —I would like to buy an expensive camera. —Well,we have several models________. A.to choose from B.to choose C.to be chosen D.for choice 【解析】 A B、C两项有较大干扰性。根据上文buy an expensive camera可以得知导购在此让“我”从several models中选一款。to choose from 在此意为to choose one from several models。本句中to choose from似乎没有逻辑 主语, 然而本句相当于We have several models for you to choose from。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 oluntary work for the Red Cross. 1.She does a lot of v________ 2.He was very popular because of his outgoing p________. ersonality 3.Dawn is well q________ ualified for her new post. 4. He did all sorts of jobs to e____ arn a living. 5.Hard work is e________ ssential to success.

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 live on,apply for,pass by,in particular,in response to 1. I like many science subjects and ___________ in particular physics is my favorite. live on your parents since you are grown up. 2. You can’t _______ 3. The man hid behind a tree, ready to attack whoever might________. pass by 4. I am writing _____________ in response to your letter of June 1st. 5. Many college graduates would like to _________ apply for a job as a teacher.

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 湖北卷] Had she ________ her promise,she would have made it to Yale University. A.looked up to B.lived up to C.kept up with D.come up with 【解析】 B 本题考查动词短语辨析。这里是虚拟语气, 句意为:如果她履行她的诺言的话,她就在耶鲁大学读书 了。look up to表示“尊敬”;live up to实践,遵守,不辜 负;keep up with跟上;come up with提出(办法)。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.When getting around in a new city alone, you should take particular ______ of the road signs so as not to get lost. A.pride B.care C.notice D.charge 【解析】 C take notice of留意,注意到。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.Old memories are often ________ when you hear a particular song or a piece of music. A. called in B. called on C. called for D. called up 【解析】 D 本题考查动词短语辨析。call up使回想起, 符合语境。call in召来,请来;call on拜访,号召; call for 需要,要求。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.The air is deadly polluted because some factories don't ________ the rules to protect the environment. A.appreciate B.regard C.honor D.respect 【解析】 D 本题考查动词辨析。respect 除表示“对某人 的意见、行为、品德及才华等的尊重”外,还表示“遵守 某事物”。appreciate 强调“理解并欣赏其价值”;regard 指“十分尊重”,并含有“爱戴”之意;honor指“公开表 示尊重”。由题意可知,“空气被严重污染是由于一些工 厂没有遵守保护环境的制度”,故选D。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.I am sick and tired of my husband ________ me for granted! A.keeping B.making C.taking D.playing 【解析】 C 本题考查动词固定搭配。take…for granted想 当然地认为……

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.[2011· 陕西卷] Some insects________the colour of their surroundings to protect themselves. A. take in B. take off C. take on D. take out 【解析】 C 本题考查动词短语辨析。take in吸收,欺骗; take off脱掉,起飞,成名;take on呈现,显现,雇用; take out拿出,取出。题干意思是:一些昆虫可以呈现它周 围环境的颜色来保护自己。选C。其余选项与题意不符。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.________in the regulations that you should not tell other people the password of your email account. A.What is required B.What requires C.It is required D.It requires 【解析】 C 本题考查require 的用法。It is required that… 意思是“规章制度要求……”。it作形式主语。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.—If you like, I can do some shopping for you. —That's a very kind________. A.service B.remark C.suggestion D.offer 【解析】 D 本题考查名词辨析。offer表示“提议”,而 且建议是对方主动提出来的。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.That old man was so ________ about everything that nobody could please him. A.unique B.special C.specific D.particular 【解析】 D 本题考查形容词辨析。句意为:那位老人对 一切都非常挑剔,没有人能让他高兴。此处particular表示 “挑剔的”。前三项分别表示“独一无二的,独特的”, “具体的,专门的”,“具体的,明确的”。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
10. I know what we're doing is legal, but ________ it doesn't feel right. A.somehow B.anyhow C.somewhat D.however 【解析】 A 本题考查副词辨析。句意为:我知道我们所 做的是合法的,但是不知为什么, 总觉得不对劲儿。 somehow 意为“由于某种未知的原因;不知怎么地;不知 为什么”,符合题意。anyhow无论如何,不管怎样; somewhat 有点,稍微;however然而,可是。

阅读写作(十三) 应用文写作之招聘启事

阅读写作(十三)[应用文写作之 招聘启事 ]

阅读写作(十三) │ 写作点拨 写作点拨
招聘启事,首先要有吸引力, 且文字应容易为人们所明 白。 启事是一种公告性的应用文。无论机关、团体、单位还 是个人需要向公众说明什么事情、求得什么帮助,都可以把要 说明的事情写成启事告知大众。通常,启事是张贴在广告栏或 墙上,必要时也可以登报。常见的启事有招聘启事,失物启事, 招领启事等。启事的写作步骤:

阅读写作(十三) │ 写作点拨
第一步:把启事内容的关键词作为文章的标题写在正文的 正上方。 第二步:发布启事的日期写在正文的右上方,或省去不写。 第三步:发布启事的单位或个人的署名写在正文的右下方。 第四步:启事一般不用称呼,形式灵活多样,语言言简意 赅,内容生动活泼。

阅读写作(十三) │ 词句模板 词句模板
1.句首常用语: (1) Our school paper is in great need of… (2) Our school paper is starving for… (3) Our school paper is looking for… 2.表达“要求或条件”常用语: (1) The applicant must… (2) He should know…are necessary/essential. (3) If you get the job, you should…

阅读写作(十三) │ 词句模板
3.交代“联系方式”常用语: (1) Those who are interested in the job please get in touch with… (2) If anyone is interested in the job please get in touch with… (3) If anyone is interested in the job please contact…

阅读写作(十三) │ 词句模板
【活学活用】 你校校报急需在校内招聘一位同学任英文版编辑, 请你 以学生会的名义用英文以An English Editor Wanted 为题写一 则招聘启事,要点如下: 1.工作内容:从英文报刊、杂志及互联网上选择适合学 生的文章;挑选和编辑同学们的来稿。 2.要求:乐意贡献出一些业余时间为同学们服务;英文、 美术皆好; 能熟练使用电脑。 3.请感兴趣的同学在本周内与学生会联系。 注意: 词数不少于100。 ______________________________________________________

阅读写作(十三) │ 词句模板
【参考范文】 An English Editor Wanted Our school paper is looking for an editor for its English edition. The job mainly includes two parts. One is to choose English articles from other newspapers, magazines or the Internet suitable for us students. The other is to pick out suitable articles from students in our school and edit them for use.

阅读写作(十三) │ 词句模板
We hope that he/she could meet the following requirements. First, he/she is willing to devote some of the spare time to serving others. Second, it's necessary for him/her to be good at both English and art. What's more, the ability to use the computer is important as well. Those who are interested in the job please get in touch with the Student Union this week. the Student Union

第27讲

Module 3

Adventure in Literature and the Cinema

第27讲 Module 3 Adventure in Literature and the Cinema

第27讲 │ 美文欣赏 美文欣赏
假设你是李华,你的美国老师Miss Morgan要求你们明天 下午去听一个美国历史的讲座,你因故不能参加。请你根据以 下要点,写一封短信向Miss Morgan请假。 内容要点: * 表示歉意 * 理由:去机场接从法国回来的舅舅 * 询问:是否有录音,以便补听讲座

第27讲 │ 美文欣赏
注意: 1.词数:100左右; 2.可根据内容要点适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Miss Morgan, __________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Li Hua

第27讲 │ 美文欣赏
【精彩美文】 Miss Morgan, I am so sorry that I won't be able to attend the lecture on American history tomorrow afternoon. My uncle is returning home from France, and I have promised to meet him at the airport at 3:30 tomorrow afternoon. I am very much interested in American society and history. I wonder if it is possible for the talk to be recorded, and if so, could I borrow the tape? It would mean a great deal to me to listen to the tape and make up for what is covered in the talk. I would appreciate it if you could allow me to ask for a leave of

absence.

第27讲 │ 美文欣赏
Thank you. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

第27讲 │ 美文欣赏
【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:表达歉意→说明理由→请求帮助。 ②词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇。如:attend,a great deal,make up for,appreciate,ask for a leave of absence等。 ③句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如:宾语 从句:… that I won't be able to…/… if it is possible for the talk…/… what is covered in the talk.以及替代省略用法if so等。

第27讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. _____ solve vt. 解决→solution n. 解决方法 2. __________ companion n. [C]同伴,伙伴 →company n. [U]同伴,陪 伴→ ___________ vt. 陪伴,陪同,伴随 accompany 3. ___ lie vi. 说谎,撒谎→ _____________ lying lied lied (动词三式) →liar n.说谎者→ ______________ lie lying lay lain →躺vi.(包括动词三式)→ ________________ lay laying laid laid vt.产卵,放置(包括动词三式) 4. panic vt.使恐慌 n. 惊慌→ __________________________ panicking panicked panicked (动词三式)

第27讲 │ 基础梳理
5. curious adj.好奇的,稀奇古怪的→ ________ curiosity n.好奇 6. fright n.恐惧→ ________ frightened frighten vt.使惊吓,使惊恐→ _________ adj. 恐惧的,害怕的→___________ frightening adj. 令人恐惧的 terrified adj. 非常害怕的→ ______ 7. ________ terrify vt.使惊恐→terror n.恐慌 8. ______ creation n.创造→ creature n. 创 create vt. 创造,创作→________ 造物,生物→ _______ creative adj.创造性的 → ________ creativity n.创造 力,创造性 9. _________ exception n.例外→except prep.除……之外→ __________ exceptional adj. 杰出的,例外的

第27讲 │ 基础梳理
10. ___________ determined adj. 坚决的→determine vt.决定,确定→ _____________ determination n.决心,毅力

第27讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.与……有联系/有关联 2.(秘密地)逃跑 3. 起初,一开始 4. 借助于……的光 5. 一对,几个 6. 使某人大吃一惊 7.受够了,再也忍受不住了 8. 说服某人做某事

have connection with… run away at first by the light of a couple of to one’s astonishment have had enough of sb./sth. persuade sb. to do sth.

第27讲 │ 基础梳理
9.捉弄某人,对某人恶作剧 10. 组成,编造,弥补,和解 11.以……为背景 12.(尤指费时地)行进,前进 13.有(做某事的)心情 14.等一下 15.起初,开始时; 首先 16.过着……的生活 17.发财 18.出发,启程

play a trick on sb. make up be set in make one’s way be/feel in the mood (for sth./to do sth.) hang on to start with lead/live a/an…life make one’s fortune set off

第27讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.…but when I _________ suggested that we _________ might find something agreed to go . useful on the boat, he ___________ 但当我暗示可能在船上发现重要的东西时,他同意去了。 2.So we paddled over and climbed on to the steamboat, keeping as quiet as mice _______________________. 于是我们把木筏划过去,蹑手蹑脚地,像耗子一样悄无声 息地爬上了汽船。 of fright! 3. He ___________ sounds as if he’s going to die ________ 他听起来好像要吓死了!

第27讲 │ 基础梳理
4.He _________ determined to left school early, and as an adolescent, _____________ _______________ make his fortune in South America, ______ set off from his home in Hannibal, Missouri, for New Orleans. 他很早就离开了学校,还是青少年时就下决心要去南美洲 发财,于是他离开了家乡密苏里州的翰尼堡,动身去了新 奥尔良。 5.He arrived in New Orleans without a penny in his pocket __________ only to find that there were no boats for South America. 他身无分文地到达了新奥尔良后,才发现那里没有去南美 洲的轮船。

第27讲 │ 基础梳理
6. _______________ Forced to change his plans, he _______ worked for several years __ as a pilot on a steamboat, taking _______________ passengers up and down the Mississippi, the great river which flows from the north of the US near the Canadian border, down to the Gulf of Mexico. 迫不得已,他只好改变了计划,在一艘汽船上当了几年的 领航员,带着客人穿梭在密西西比河上,该河是从靠近加 拿大边界的美国北部流向墨西哥湾的一条大河。 Ⅳ.单元语法 Review of verb forms(3)

第27讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 account n. [C] 叙述,报告;账目,账户,[U] 原因,理 由 vi. 解释,说明 (1) give an account of 叙述,描述;说明 open an account 开一个账户 take sth. into account/take account of sth. 把……考虑在内 on account of=because of 由于 (2) account for… 解释,是……的原因; 占……(比例)

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) He ____________________ gave me a full account of his plan. 他详细地向我讲述了他的计划。 (2) We delayed our departure ________________________ on account of bad weather . 由于天气不好, 我们将启程的时间推迟了。 (3) Recent pressure at work may __________ account for his behavior. 最近工作上的压力可能会解释他的行为。 (4) The population of China ___________ accounts for 20% of the world population. 中国人口占世界总人口的百分之二十。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
2 pour v. [(of rain) to fall heavily](雨)倾盆而下;倒;(to flow quickly and in large amounts)倾泻,大量涌出;[(a lot of people) to arrive or leave at the same time]不断涌现(或涌 向) pour…out 毫无保留地表达感情(或思想等), 畅所欲言 It never rains but it pours. [谚]不雨则已,一雨倾盆。/祸不 单行。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【情景记忆】

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The rain came _____________ pouring (down). 大雨滂沱。 (2) The crowds began _____________ pouring out of the stadium. 人们开始涌出体育场。 poured out all her troubles to him over a cup of coffee. (3) She __________ 她一边喝着咖啡,一边向他倾诉着心中所有的烦恼。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
3 lie n. 谎言 vi. 说谎;躺;平放于;位于;在于link.处于 某种状态 (1) tell a lie a white lie lie to sb. (2) lie still/awake lie in 撒谎 善意的谎言 向某人撒谎 躺着不动/躺着不睡 位于;在于

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 lie和lay (1) lie lied lied lying 说谎 (vi. ) (2) lie lay lain lying躺;平放于;位于;在于(vi.);处于某种状 态(link.) (3) lay laid laid laying 把……平放;铺设;产卵 (vt. )

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【情景记忆】

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【温馨提示】 lie 表示“平放;位于;处于某种状态”,lay 表示“放置”, 这是考查的重点和难点。使用时要注意结合意义、词性及 各词的各种形式来综合考虑。 【活学活用】 (1) He said he’d never been there, but ___________ he was lying. 他说他从没去过那儿,可是他在撒谎。 (2) The town _______ lies on the coast. 这个小镇坐落在海滨。 (3) I found a wallet ______ lying on the ground. 我在地上发现了一个钱包。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
(4) I saw that book ____ lay open on the desk. 我看到那本书摊开放在书桌上。 (5) The strength of the book ______ lies in the fact that the material is from classroom experience. 这本书的优势在于材料来自课堂体验。 (6) You may ___ lay it on the table. 你可以把它放在桌子上。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
4 curious adj. 好奇的;稀奇古怪的 (1) curiosity n. curiously adv. (2) be curious about… be curious to do sth. It is curious that … (3) out of/from curiosity satisfy one’s curiosity 好奇心 好奇地;古怪地 对……感到好奇 极想做某事 真是奇怪…… 出于好奇心 满足某人的好奇心

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Children _______________ are curious about everything around them. 小孩子 们对周围的事情感到好奇。 (2) He was __________________ curious to know what would happen. 他很想知道会发生什么事。 (3) _______________ It is curious that he should have failed to win the game. 他 竟然没赢得比赛,真是奇怪。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
5 warn vt. 警告;提醒;注意 (1) warning n. 警告,警示 (2) warn sb. ___ of sth. 提醒某人(尤指)可能有危险的或有不良后 果的事 warn sb. _______ against sb./sth. 让某人警惕或提防某人/某事物 warn sb. against doing sth. 提醒某人不要做某事 warn sb. (not) to do sth. 警告某人(不)要做某事

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) She has ________________________ been warned of the danger of driving the car in that state. 已经提醒过她, 这样子开汽车有危险。 (2) He warned ________________ us against pickpockets. 他提醒我们要小心扒手。 (3) I warned ______________________________________ him not to go out/against going out in the storm. 我警告他暴风雨时不要外出。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
6 determined adj. 有决心的;坚决的 (1) determine v. 决定;确定,测定 determination n. 决心,毅力;决定;确定,测定 (2) be determined to do sth. 决心做某事

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 The aim of the inquiry was to ___________ determine what had caused the accident. 调查的目的是要查明事故的原因。 2.单项填空 ________ to try his fortune abroad, he left for America. A. Having determined B. Being determined C. Determined D. To determine 【解析】 C 句意为:他决定到外国碰碰运气,动身去了 美国。be determined to do sth.表示“决定做某事”,此处 用过去分词形式作状语,强调状态。容易误选的B项是现在 分词一般式,强调被动动作正在进行。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
7 force vt. 强迫,迫使; 用力,强行n. 武力,暴力;力 量,力;武装部队 (1) force sb. to do sth. = force sb. into (doing) sth. 强迫某人做某事 force one’s way through a crowd 挤过人群 force sth. open 把某物强行打开 force sb./sth. into/out (of…) 把……硬挤入/出…… (2) a forced smile/laugh 强作笑脸 by force 用(武/暴)力;强行

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) They ____________________________ forced him to sign/into signing the paper. 他们强迫他在文件上签了字。 (2) I saw a girl ________________ (was) forced into a car. 我看到一个女孩被强行带上车。 (3) He __________________ forced the door open . 他用力推开门。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
8 disturb v.(to change a normal situation in a way that causes problems)打扰,妨碍;(to make sb. feel worried or upset)使不安,使烦恼;(to move sth. or change its position) 弄乱 be disturbed to hear that/hear of… 听说……而感到不安

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 interrupt和disturb 二者都有“打扰;打断”之意。 (1) disturb含有“骚扰、使不安”之意,尤其指妨碍正在发生 的事,如睡眠、休息、工作等,还可以指扰乱心情,“使 烦恼,不安”。 (2) interrupt强调“打断、中断”,特别指打断某人的讲话。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) Don’t _______ disturb the papers on my desk. 别把我写字台上的文件弄乱了。 (2) She ______________________ was disturbed to hear of her mother’s sudden illness. 她获悉母亲得急病后感到心神不宁。 (3) A snowstorm __________ interruptedthe traffic. 暴风雪中断了交通。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
2.单项填空 I could hardly stand the noise in the street, which ________ my study. A. interrupted B. disturbed C. troubled D.caused 【解析】 B 根据语境可知“街上的噪声干扰了我学习”。 interrupt中断,打断;disturb妨碍,扰乱;trouble使困恼, 使不安;cause引起,导致。结合语境只有B正确。

第27讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 make up 和解 构成,组成,形成;编造;装扮;补足,弥补;

be made up of… make ___ for … make it make…into make out

由……组成 朝……前进 做成;成功;到达 把……制成 听出,看出,辨认出;理解,明白

第27讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 根据语境用make短语的适当形式填空 (1) They had a quarrel but ________ made up at last. (2) The audience _________ made for the exits when the alarm sounded. (3) He says he will get up at 6 o’clock next tomorrow, but he will never _______ make it . (4) Women ________ make up only a small proportion(比例) of the prison population. (5) I must ________ make up the loss anyhow.

第27讲 │ 短语储存
2 to start with (at the beginning, at first)起初,开始时; (for one thing)第一,首先(给出首要理由) start with(=begin with) start over start out 以……开始 重新开始 出发,动身

第27讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) I was pretty nervous ___________ to start with, but after a while I was fine. 我一开始有些紧张,但过了一会儿就好了。 (2) I don’t want to buy that car. ____________ To start with , it is much too expensive. 我不想买那辆车,首先它太贵了。 (3) What time did you ________ start out ? 你是几点钟动身的?

第27讲 │ 短语储存
3 set off (to start to go somewhere)出发,动身(for +地点); (to cause an explosion)使爆炸;(to make sth. start happening, especially when you do not intend to do so)引起, 激发

第27讲 │ 短语储存
(1) set out (for…) 启程,动身(去……) set out to do sth. 着手做某事 set ______ about (doing) sth. 着手做某事 set aside 留出,省出 set…in (be set in…) 以……为背景 set ___ up 建立,设立;开创,开办 (2) set a date/time (for…) 确定……的日期/时间 set the alarm 设置闹钟 set the table 摆桌子(准备吃饭)

第27讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 根据语境用set短语的适当形式填空 set aside some time each day for exercise. (1) Try to ________ (2) Jerry and I __________ set off/out on foot for the beach. (3) Any movement could have _______ set off the bomb. (4) They want to ______ export business. set up their own import(5) On arriving there, they _______ set out to do the task. (6) The movie is ______ set in Shanghai in the 1940’s.

第27讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
He sounds as if he’s going to die of fright! 他听起来 好像要吓死了! 句型公式 as if “好像”, 引导从句 look/seem/sound/appear, etc. +as if 从句 主句+as if 引导的从句 主句+as if+to do/doing/done,etc.

第27讲 │ 句型透视
【注意事项】 (1) as if从句的语气及时态 ①as if 从句用陈述语气的情况:当说话者认为句子所叙述 的是真实的、极有可能发生或存在的事实时。如: It sounds as if it is raining. 听起来像是在下雨。 ②as if 从句用虚拟语气的情况:当说话人认为句子所叙述 的是不真实的、极少有可能发生或存在的情况时。从句虚 拟语气动词时态的形式如下:

第27讲 │ 句型透视
a. 如果从句表示与现在事实相反,谓语动词用一般过去时。如: He talks as if he knew where she was. 他说话的样子,好像他知道她在哪里似的。 b. 从句表示与过去事实相反,谓语动词用“had+过去分词” 表示。如: He talks about Rome as if he had been there before. 他说起罗马来好像他以前去过那里似的。 c. 从句表示与将来事实相反,谓语动词用 “would/could/might+动词原形”表示。如: He opened his mouth as if he would say something. 他张开嘴好像要说什么。

第27讲 │ 句型透视
(2) as if 还可用于省略句中 如果as if 引导的从句是“主语+系动词”结构,可省略主 语和be动词,这样as if 后就只剩下形容词(短语)、介词短 语、不定式或分词等。如: Tom raised his hands as if (he was) to say something. 汤姆举起手好像要说什么。 She left the room hurriedly as if (she was)angry. 她匆忙离开房间好像生气了。

第27讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) He behaved as if nothing _____________ had happened . 他表现得若无其事。 (2) It’s my birthday. As if ______________ you didn’t know! 今天是我的生日。你好像不知道似的!

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 xception 1.The law applies to all EU countries; Britain is no e_______. olved the problem. 2.With the help of his friends, he finally s_____ 3.I p_______ anicked when I saw smoke coming out of the engine. 4.The paper published a ______ review (评论) of her book. 5.A s______ helter is used to protect us from bad weather.

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 hang on, to start with, make one’s way, play a trick on, make one’s fortune 1. No one likes to _________________ be played a trick on . 2. He went to New York City without a penny in his pocket, hoping to make _______________ his fortune . 3. ____________ To start with we haven’t enough money, and secondly we’re too busy. 4. ________ Hang on a minute. I will get him. 5. He ____________ made his way towards the seaside, curious but a little frightened.

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 江苏卷] The doctor is skilled at treating heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients,so he has a very good ________. A.expectation B.reputation C.contribution D.civilization 【解析】 B 本题考查名词辨析。have a very good reputation表示“享有很高的声誉”。expectation期待、期 望,contribution贡献,civilization文明,均不符合语境, 故排除。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.People have always been ________ about exactly how life on earth began. A.curious B.excited C.anxious D.careful 【解析】 A 本题考查形容词辨析。be curious about sth. 对某事好奇。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.[2010· 天津卷] My father warned me ________ going to the West Coast because it was crowded with tourists. A.by B.on C.for D.against 【解析】 D 本题考查固定搭配。warn sb. against (doing) sth.警告某人不要做某事。根据语境选D。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.Don't worry if you don't understand everything. The teacher will ________ the main points at the end. A.recover B.review C.require D.remember 【解析】 B 本题考查动词辨析。review复习;recover恢 复;require要求;remember记住。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.Some parents are just too protective. They want to ________ their kids from every kind of danger, real or imagined. A.spot B.dismiss C.shelter D.distinguish 【解析】 C 本题考查动词辨析。根据上句Some parents are just too protective. 可知下文要说“父母们想保护孩子们 不受到任何伤害”。shelter作动词可表示“保护,庇护”。 spot弄脏,认出,发现,定位;dismiss开除,使解散; distinguish区别。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.I'm not surprised that he became a writer. Even as a child he had a ________ imagination. A.clear B.cautious C.funny D.vivid 【解析】 D 本题考查形容词辨析。vivid生动的;clear清 晰的;cautious谨慎的;funny有趣的。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.American Indians ________ about five percent of the U.S.population. A.fill up B.bring up C.make up D.set up 【解析】 C 本题考查动词短语辨析。A项fill up表示“装 满,填满”;B项bring up表示“抚养”;C项make up表示 “组成,编造,虚构,化妆,和解”;D项set up表示“建 立,建造”。句意为:美国的印第安人大约占美国总人口 的百分之五。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.Einstein liked Bose's paper so much that he ________ his own work and translated it into German. A.gave off B.turned down C.took over D.set aside 【解析】 D 本题考查动词短语辨析。give off表示“发出 (光等),排出,放出”;turn down表示“把声音调小,拒 绝”;take over表示“接管”;set aside表示“撇开,放在 一边,不顾;保留”。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.His illness ________ his absence. A.makes out B.accounts for C.figures out D.finds out 【解析】 B 本题考查动词短语辨析。account for…解 释……的原因。句意为:他因为生病,所以才缺席。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.[2011· 天津卷] I________ a bank account after I made $1,000 by doing a parttime job during the summer vacation. A.borrowed B.opened C.entered D.ordered 【解析】 B 考查动词辨析。open a bank account意为 “开了一个银行账户”。句意为:暑假期间,我做兼职挣 了1,000美元之后,就开了一个银行账户。borrow借;enter 进入;order定购,命令。

第28讲

Module 4

Carnival

第28讲 Module 4

Carnival

第28讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. _________ confusion n. 困惑,糊涂;混淆;混乱,→ confuse vt. 把……弄糊涂;混淆→ ________ confused adj.迷惑的→ _________ confusing adj.令人困惑的 2. _______ extend vt.延长→ extension n.延长 memorize vt.记忆→ ___________ memorable adj. 3. memory n. 记忆→ __________ 值得记忆的 4. ________ relaxing adj.使人放松的→relax v. 使放松→ _______ relaxed adj. 放 松的→ __________ relaxationn. 放松

第28讲 │ 基础梳理
5. celebration n. 庆祝,庆典→ _________ celebrate vt. 庆祝 6. ________ freedom n. 自由→ free adj. 自由的,空闲的,免费的 7. tasty ____ adj. 美味可口的→ taste n. 滋味 v. 品尝 8.origin n.起源→ original _______ adj.原始的,原创的 n.原稿

第28讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.把……看作,视为 2.装扮,打扮 3.连续地 4. 假装做某事 5.秘密地,悄悄地 6.未受惩罚 7.挤满了 8.被订满了 9.在街上闲逛

see…as dress up on end pretend to do sth. in secret go unpunished be crowded with be fully booked wander through the streets

第28讲 │ 基础梳理
10.从……掉下/落下,与……分离 11.完结,结束 12.由……组成,由……构成 13.用暴力迫使,强行 14.接管,接任 15.捉弄;取笑 16.非常喜爱 17.说来真怪,说来真巧 18.高潮;精彩之处 19.遗传的;天生的 20.大约,几乎,差不多

come off… come to an end consist of… by force take over make fun of go wild about sth. funnily enough high spot be/run in one’s/the blood more or less

第28讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1. ________________ ______ For weeks on end people walked round the streets wearing _________________________________________________. masks, doing what they wanted without being recognised 连续几个星期,人们戴着面具走街串巷,为所欲为,而不 会被认出来。 2.Their use was limited by laws, __________________________ the first of which dates back to the fourteenth century. 他们 (面具)的使用受到法律限制,最早可以追溯到十四世纪。

第28讲 │ 基础梳理
3.… but you ________________ have no idea what the faces behind them look like. ……但那些面具后面究竟是一张什么样的面孔,你却 一无所知。 4.… they painted their faces white, _________ imitating their masters fun of them. and making _____________ ……他们把脸涂白,模仿他们的主人来取笑他们。

第28讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 Review of the passive voice

第28讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 hide

vt. & vi. 掩藏,躲藏; 隐瞒,掩盖(尤指感情)
对(某人)隐瞒/隐藏…… 把某物藏起来 言外之意

hide sth./sb. (from sb.) keep sth. hidden hidden meaning

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) I saw my brother _______ hiding behind the door. 我看到我弟弟藏在门后面。 (2) She tried to _______________ hide her feelings . 她设法不表露自己的感情。

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
2 pretend vi. & vt. 假装;(在游戏中)装扮 pretend (to do) sth. 假装(做)某事 pretend to be doing… 假装正在做…… pretend to have done… 假装做了…… pretend that… 假装……

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) He pretended _____________ to have known about the whole matter. 他假 装已经知道了整个事件。 (2) The workers _____________________ pretended to be working hard at their machines when the boss came in. 当老板进来时,工人们假装正在机器旁忙碌着。

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
3 mark n. 分数,成绩;记号,标记;痕迹,污迹 v.打分 数;做标记;弄污;(to indicate, to be a sign of )标志(着); (to celebrate an important event)纪念,庆贺 mark…with… make a mark get a high/good/low/poor mark 用……做标记 做标记 得高/低分

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 根据语境判断mark在下列句中的含义 做标记 (1) The box of eggs was marked “With Care”. ________ (2) The invention of the computer marked the beginning of a 标志着 new era. _________ 痕迹 (3) The wet glass left a mark on the surface of the table. ____ (4) There will be ceremonies to mark the Queen’s birthday. 庆祝 ______ 打分数 (5) I have got a pile of exam papers to mark. ________

第28讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 go unpunished 未被惩罚 go unnoticed/unreported 未被注意/报道 go wild/mad/bad/deaf/angry 发疯了/变质了/变坏了/聋 了/生气了 go well/smoothly 进展顺利 go too far 太过分 as the saying goes 正如名言所说

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) He promised that the murderer would not _____________ go unpunished. 他保证不会让凶手逍遥法外的。 (2) Everything ____________________ went as smoothly/well as expected. 事情如料想的一样顺利。 (3) I think he ___________ went too far when he did that. 我想他那样做太过分了。

第28讲 │ 短语储存
2 dress up 装扮;打扮

dress (sb.) up in sth.… 穿上盛装;化妆,打扮 dress (sb.) up as… (把某人)装扮成…… be dressed in… 穿着…… get dressed 穿好衣服

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【易混辨析】 dress, be (dressed) in, dress up, wear, have on和put on dress + sb./oneself (1)表动作 put on + 衣服等 be (dressed) in +衣服或颜色 (2)表状态 wear+衣服、颜色、首饰、胡须、发式等 (还可以指面露某种表情等) have on+ 衣服等 (3) dress up 是及物或不及物动词短语,指为参加某个特殊的 场合穿上特殊的服装,可以是特别高级或正式的服装,也 可以是不同寻常的衣服。

第28讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) You needn’t ________ dress up and go as you are. 你用不着穿讲究的衣服,就穿平时的衣服去吧。 Dressed in white/Wearing white/In white , the beautiful (2) ____________________________________ girl looks like a fairy lady. 穿着一袭白衣,这个漂亮的姑娘看上去像个仙女。 (3) Though he ___________ was wearing sunglasses, I could still see he ___________ was wearing a puzzled look. 尽管他戴着墨镜,我仍能看出他面露困惑的表情。

第28讲 │ 短语储存
2.单项填空 ________ quickly and we are leaving. A. Dress B. Get dressed C. Dressing D. Get dressing 【解析】 B 根据语境可知此处表示动作“穿衣”,dress 是及物动词,要加人作宾语或用get dressed。

第28讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
The arrival of Europeans in America, and the opening of huge farms and plantations to grow cotton,fruit and vegetables,meant there was an immediate need for people to work on them. 欧洲人 到达美洲大陆以及大型棉花、水果和蔬菜农场和大种植园 的开垦意味着急需人员在那里劳动。 句型公式 There is a (great) need (for sb.)to do sth. ,需要某人干某事。

第28讲 │ 句型透视
【知识拓展】 There is no need (for sb.)to do sth./for sth.=It is not necessary (for sb.) to do sth.(某人)没有必要做某事。 There is a/no possibility that…=It is possible/impossible to do sth. (没)有可能做某事。 There is no time to do sth./for sth. 没有时间做某事。 There is no doubt that…/about sth. 毫无疑问…… There is no point (in) doing sth.做某事没有意义。

第28讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) There is _____________________ no need to worry about his safety. 没有必要为他的安全担心。 (2) ___________________ There is no doubt that he lied. 毫无疑问他撒谎了。 (3) ________________________ Is there any possibility that he will win? 他有没有可能获胜? (4) There is no point ___________ (in) waiting . 等待是毫无意义的。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 retending . 1.He’s not asleep—he’s just p__________ ook in advance. 2.To get tickets, you have to b____ 3.We are planning a birthday c__________ elebration for our mother. 4.The statue was built in m______ emoryof those who died in the war. 5.To avoid c________ onfusion, the teams wore different colours.

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 see…as, go wild about, in one’s blood, funnily enough, take over 1.With the passing of time/time passing, more and more went wild about carnivals. people ______________ 2.He will _________ take over the business after his father retires. 3. He cannot live a life without music—it’s ___________ in his blood . 4.He ____ as a turning point in his life. saw the meeting ___ 5.______________ Funnily enough , I was just about to call you when you called me.

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 天津卷] He telephoned the travel agency to _______ three air tickets to London. A.order B.arrange C.take D.book 【解析】 D 本题考查动词辨析。 book 或reserve表示“预 订”的意思。但“订票”为book tickets。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.In April, 2009, President Hu inspected the warships in Qingdao,________the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Navy. A.marking B.marked C.having marked D.being marked 【解析】 A 本题考查非谓语动词。非谓语动词作伴随状 语,其后有宾语,与逻辑主语是主动关系,且表示的动作 与谓语动词的动作同时进行,故用现在分词。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.—I can't repair these until tomorrow, I'm afraid. —That's OK. There's ________. A.no problem B.no wonder C.no doubt D.no hurry 【解析】 D 本题考查交际用语。由前面的“That's OK. ” 可以看出,应答者对于明天能修好表示同意,出于礼貌和 宽慰对方,所以应该选择“no hurry(不用着急)”。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.In front of the booking office stood a long queue of Kelly Chen's fans, ________ to get a ticket for her concert. A.to expect B.expected C.were expecting D.expecting 【解析】 D 本题考查非谓语动词。expecting作stood的伴 随状语,其逻辑主语与句子主语一致。to expect则表示动 作尚未发生,故选D。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.The peace talks are ________ as a sign of hope. A.seen B.thought C.believed D.supposed 【解析】 A 本题考查动词辨析。表示“被看做”可以用 be seen as,也可以是be thought of as/be thought (to be)。 因此,选A。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.It is not proper for you to ________ the truth from your husband. A.prevent B.protect C.hide D.defend 【解析】 C 本题考查动词辨析。hide the truth from sb.向 某人隐藏某一事实。表示“向某人隐瞒”还可以用 keep/hold sth. back from sb.。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.—I beg your pardon? —Your mind must be ________ when I was speaking, wasn't it? A.wondering B.wandering C.walking D.speaking 【解析】 B 知道。 本题考查动词辨析。wander走神;wonder想

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.According to the art dealer, the painting ________ to go for at least a million dollars. A.is expected B.expects C.expected D.is expecting 【解析】 A 本题考查被动语态。句意为:按画商的话说, 这幅画预期至少值100万美元。句子的主语是“画”,不能 发出“预料”的动作,应是“被指望,被预料”。在使用 动词时,要注意动作的执行者,要特别注意体会主语和谓 语动词之间的语态关系。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.Good looks and a(n) ________, elegant manner made her the center of attention. A.confident B.magical C.embarrassing D.romantic 【解析】 A 本题考查形容词辨析。confident意为“自信 的”;magical意为“有魔力的”;embarrassing意为“尴 尬的”;romantic意为“浪漫的”。只有A项符合句意。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.Her unexpected arrival threw us into total ________ and we had to rearrange our schedule. A.fright B.conclusion C.confusion D.excitement 【解析】 C 本题考查名词辨析。从unexpected和we had to rearrange our schedule可知,她的到来应该导致了混乱。 confusion 指让人不知所措的混乱状态;fright 意为“害 怕”; conclusion意为“结论”;excitement意为“兴奋”。

阅读写作(十四) 记叙文写作之图画叙事

阅读写作(十四)[记叙文写作之 图画叙事 ]

阅读写作(十四) │ 写作点拨 写作点拨
图画类记叙文是材料作文的一种特殊形式,是一种变 “画”为文的作文方式。要求考生首先看懂图画的意思而后再 行文。此类写作主要训练和考查考生的观察力、思考力、创造 力和表达能力。图画作文多以记叙文及描写文为主。通常依照 画面内容来确定,如若介绍某地景色或布局,反映某一社会或 自然现象时,文中动词常用一般现在时;如若介绍人物或反映 某件事情的发展过程,则常用一般过去时。写作时要根据给定 情景,选准角度,认真组织语言材料,有理有序地描写事情发 生和发展的过程及前因后果等,并能做出适当而有效的评价, 即所谓的“叙议”结合。此类写作要遵守以下写作步骤:

阅读写作(十四) │ 写作点拨
第一步:认真观察,正确叙述画面内容。画面的主体往往 是人物。要仔细观察画面中人物的形体、相貌、表情、语言、 动作等,推测人物的思想面貌,尤其注意人物在干什么;还要 观察周围环境,弄清事件发生的时间、地点以及和事件有关的 情况,然后把这些信息连贯性地表达出来,使静止的画面“动 起来”,平面的事物“立体化”。 第二步:选点立意。通过收集画面所提供的内容,去粗取 精,揣摩画意,揭示实质,得出结论。 第三步:引发评论。与现实生活联系,由此及彼地加以联 想与引申,在画面意义的基础上联想到另一层新的内容,发表 自己的看法,可以提出一些建议和办法。

阅读写作(十四) │ 词句模板 词句模板
1.故事背景常用语: (1) I was about to do…when… (2) It was snowing/raining heavily/hard on Monday morning. (3) Last night I was busy preparing for my test when I heard a loud noise. (4) On my way home, I came across an old friend of mine. (5) The sun was shining and the birds were singing.

阅读写作(十四) │ 词句模板
2.事件感受常用语: (1) Tired as we were, we still felt quite happy. (2) This is really an unforgettable experience. (3) I learned from the experience that honesty always comes first.

阅读写作(十四) │ 词句模板
3.图画类记叙文格式模板: (时间) __________ is memorable because (人物) __________ had a meaningful experience on that day. In the morning, we(活动一) __________. Upon arrival, we began to(活动二) __________. Some were(活动三) __________.Others were(活动四) __________. After getting the work done, we(活动五) __________. Seeing(活动六) __________ , we(感受) __________. We feel it's our duty to(动作) __________.

阅读写作(十四) │ 词句模板
【活学活用】 假设你是李华,你的英国朋友Tom来信询问你们的学习情 况。请你根据下图提供的信息,写一封100词左右的回信,谈 谈自从你校实行新课改,尝试新的学习方法以来,你们学习情 况的变化。

阅读写作(十四) │ 词句模板
【参考范文】 Dear Tom, It was great to hear from you again. There are many things going on in our school. In fact things have got much better since we started a different way of learning. In the past our teachers stood in front of the class talking all the time while we students listened, busily taking notes. After a tiring day at school, we always had a lot of homework to do. Sometimes we even worked late into the night. Now we are

阅读写作(十四) │ 词句模板
active in class. We often have discussions in pairs or in groups. After class we enjoy all kinds of activities, such as going in for sports, doing experiments or surfing the Internet. We are extremely happy about the changes in our studies. All the best! Yours, Li Hua

第29讲

Module 5

The Great Sports Personality

第29讲 Module 5 The Great Sports Personality

第29讲 │ 美文欣赏 美文欣赏
请仔细观察下面两幅图画,理解其含义,然后就“人与 自然”这一话题写一篇英语短文。 注意: 1.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 2.词数120左右。

第29讲 │ 美文欣赏
【精彩美文】

As is shown in the pictures, we plant trees and we will enjoy the shade ourselves as well as our grandchildren. If we do
something good to nature, it will do more to us. Nature is to us what water is to fish. Yet we don' t always realize it until it is too late. With the development of modern technology, there are more and more people on the earth and fewer and fewer resources left. What's worse, pollution is getting more and more serious and the climate is becoming warmer and warmer. If this continues, we human beings will face the danger of being endangered, let alone live a better life.

第29讲 │ 美文欣赏
As a result, in order to protect not only our next generation but also ourselves, what we have to do now is to take good care of nature and our only home—the Earth.

第29讲 │ 美文欣赏
【全品点睛】 ①行文逻辑:描述图画→叙述现象→阐述观点。成功地使 用了丰富的连接词,如:as well as,yet,what's worse, as a result, not only…but also… ②词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇和短语。如:let alone,in order to等。 ③句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如:状语 从句:If we do…,until it is too late,If this continues;主语 从句:what we have to do;非限制性定语从句:As is shown in the pictures,以及固定句型:Nature is to us what water is to fish. 和There be 句型: there are…等。

第29讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 retirement n. 退休 1.retire vi. 退休→ __________ 2. perform v. 表现,表演;执行,做→ ____________ performance n. 表演, 表现 3. advantage n. 优势,长处→ _____________ disadvantage n.劣势,缺点 4.symbol n. 象征,记号→ _________ symbolic adj. 象征性的 5. final n. 决赛 adj. 最后的,最终的→ _______ finally adv. 最后,终 于

第29讲 │ 基础梳理
6. ____________ dramatically adv. 戏剧地,引人注目地→ ________ dramatic adj.戏 剧的,戏剧性的→ ______ drama n.剧本,戏剧→dramatist n.剧作家;戏曲家 7. _______ declare vt. 宣布,声明→ declaration n.宣言,声明 compete vi. 竞争→ 8. competitor n. 竞争者,对手→ ________ ___________ competitive adj. 竞争性的, competition n. 比赛,竞赛→ ___________ 有竞争力的

第29讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1.列出名单(清单) 2.七分之六 3. 失败感 4.成功做某事 5.与……竞争 6.做出选择 7.正在增加 8.比……占优势 9.实现抱负

make a list of… six out of seven sense of failure succeed (in) doing sth. compete with/against make a choice on the increase have an advantage over achieve one’s ambitions

第29讲 │ 基础梳理
10.由某人决定;由某人做某事 11.这不是关键。 12.那又怎么样? 13.站起身 14.拾起,捡起,扶起 15. 被宣布为获胜者

up to sb. That’s not the point. So what? rise to one’s feet pick up be declared the winner

第29讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.But even though he had won everything ______________ it was possible to _____ win in his sport, Li Ning retired with the feeling ______ that he had failed 即使他赢得了在体育项目上所能赢得的所有金 _________. 牌,李宁还是带着一种失败感退役的。 2.But ______ it was this sense of failure _______________________ that made him determined __________in to succeed his new life. 但就是这种失败感使他决心在新的生活中取得成功。

第29讲 │ 基础梳理
3.If you go into a school or university anywhere, _________ the chances ____you will see students in Li Ning tracksuits with familiar are logo. 如果你走进任何一个地方的学校或大学校园,都有可能看 到身穿印有那个熟悉标志的李宁运动服的学生们。 4.But perhaps one of the most beautiful and extraordinary marathons ever is the Great Wall Marathon, ______ which most competitors find __________________________ is the toughest course to run . 或许这其中最美,最棒的马拉松比赛就是长城马拉松,那 是众多选手认为最艰难的一次比赛。

第29讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 Review of adverbial clauses

第29讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 perform v. 表演;表现;(to do sth., especially sth. difficult or useful, carry out )执行,履行,做; (to work or function)工作,运转

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
(1) performance n. 表演,演出;表现;做,履 行 performer n. 表演者,演出者 give/put on performances 演出 (2) perform a task 执行一项任务 perform one’s duties 尽职责 perform an experiment/an operation 做实验/手术 perform well/badly 表演(表现)出色/不好

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【温馨提示】 当表示“具体扮演了某一角色”时,不能用perform,而要用 play。 如:John Wayne played (NOT performed) a Roman soldier in the film.

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Their football team ___________________ performed (very) well in the match yesterday. 他们的足球队在昨天的比赛中表现突出。 (2) They always __________________ perform their duties faithfully. 他们总是忠实地履行自己的职责。 (3) He was not offered the post _______________________ because of his poor ____________ performance in the interview. 因为他在面试中的糟糕表现,他没有得到这个职位。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
2 advantage n. 优势,长处;有利条件;优点 (1) disadvantage n. 劣势;不利条件;缺点 (2) have/get/gain/enjoy an advantage over sb./sth. 比……占优势;有优势 take advantage of sth. (to do sth.) 利用……(去做某事) have the advantage of 有……的优势

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) It never occurred to me to ________________ take advantage of him. 我决没有想过要占他的便宜。 (2) Life in the countryside is not very convenient, but it does have the advantage of enjoying fresh air. ___________________ 乡村的生活不太方便,但的确有能呼吸新鲜空气的优势。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
3 guarantee n. 保证,担保;保修单 v.(to promise to do sth. or to promise that sth. will happen)保证,担保;提供保 修单 (1) give sb. a guarantee (that) 给某人承诺/担保 under guarantee 在保修期内 (2) guarantee sb. sth. 保证某人得到某物 guarantee to do sth./that 保证做某事/……

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) These days getting a degree________________________ doesn’t guarantee you a job . 如今获得学位并不一定就保证你能获得工作。 (2) I _____________ guarantee that you’ll enjoy yourself. 我保证你玩得痛快。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
4 declare v. (to state officially and publicly)宣布,声明, 宣称;申报(应纳税品) declare …(to be) + 名词/形容词/过去分词 宣布/宣称……为…… declare that 宣布,声明 declare war on/against… 对……宣战 declare for sb./sth. 声明支持,表示赞成……

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) She declared herself extremely _____________ hurt by his lack of support. 她声称自己因为没有得到他的支持而内心极度受伤害。 (2) I now _____________________________ declare the meeting open/closed . 我现在宣布会议开始/结束。 (3) “Do you have anything _________ to declare ?” the customs officer asked. “你有什么需要申报的吗?”海关官员问道。

第29讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 rise to one’s feet 站起身 get/leap/jump to one’s feet struggle to one’s feet on one’s feet on foot set foot in/on stand on one’s own feet 站起来/跳起来 挣扎着站起来 站着 步行 进入;踏上 自立;经济上独立

第29讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 Steve pushed the blanket aside and _____________ rose to his feet . 史蒂夫把毯子推到一边站了起来。

第29讲 │ 短语储存
2 up to you 由你做主,取决于你

up to/till now 直到现在 up to (doing) sth. 能胜任 up to sth. 到达(某数量,程度等);忙于…… 从事着(尤指坏事);在捣鬼

第29讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 根据语境判断up to在下列句中的含义 达到 (1) The snow came up to my knees. ______ (2) Go and see what kids are up to. ________________ 忙于,干(坏事) (3) It is up to him to decide. 是某人的责任,由某人决定 ________________________ 胜任,有资格做 (4) She’s not up to the job. _________________

第29讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
If you go into a school or university anywhere, the chances are you will see students in Li Ning tracksuits with the familiar logo. 如果你走进任何一个 地方的学校或大学校园,都有可能看到身穿印有那个熟悉 标志的李宁运动服的学生们。 句型公式 表示“可能性”: The chances are (that)… There is a/no chance that…/of (doing) sth. There’s a/no possibility that…/of (doing) sth.

第29讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) The ____________________ chances are (that) she’s already heard the news.(chance) 她很可能已经听到这则消息了。 (2) There _____________________ is no chance that he will change his mind.(chance)他 没有可能改变主意。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 specific (具 1.The trouble with Bill was that he never had a ________ 体的) aim in life. 2.We cannot g_______ uarantee that our flights will never be delayed. 3.C_________ ompetition among youths to enter the best colleges is fierce. 4. What q______ do you need to be a great sportsman or sportswoman? ualities 5. It is somewhat t_____ finding a good job these years.

ough

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 on the increase, make a list of, compete with, have an advantage over, pick up 1. _____________ Make a list of 10 things which you like doing most. on the 2. The number of burglaries in the area seems to be _______ ________. increase 3. When a child falls down, we should encourage him to ____ pick himself ___ up . 4. You will have to ____________ compete with19 other people for the job. 5. A man who receives good education will always ________ have an _______________ advantage over others.

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 山东卷] —Her father is very rich. — ___________ She wouldn't accept his help even if it were offered. A.What for? B.So what? C.No doubt. D.No wonder. 【解析】 B 本题考查交际用语。根据下句可知选B,表示 “她不愿意接受帮助,她父亲有钱那又怎么样呢?(So what?)”

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.More and more people are signing up for Yoga classes nowadays, _______ advantage of the health and relaxation benefits. A.taking B.taken C.having taken D.having been taken 【解析】 A 本题考查非谓语动词。take advantage of 意 为“利用”,现在分词作状语。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.________ is no chance of his winning the gold medal in the competition. A.There B.It C.That D.This 【解析】 A There is a/no chance…是常见句型,表示 “(某人)有/没有机会……”。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.Doesn't she have any ________ of guilt about what she did? I just can't make her out. A.meaning B.shame C.sense D.scene 【解析】 C sense of guilt内疚,负罪感。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.This information allows businessmen to keep ________ of their list of goods by showing which items are being sold and how fast they are moving. A.sight B.track C.touch D.sign 【解析】 B 本题考查固定搭配。keep track of为固定短语, 表示“跟踪,追踪,了解”。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.There is somebody waiting for you ________ I think might be one of your classmates. A.who B.whom C.whoever D.which 【解析】 A 本题考查定语从句。you后面跟的是定语从句, 修饰先行词somebody。可以把I think看作从句中的插入语, 定语从句缺主语,因此要用表示主格的关系代词who来充 当。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.The moment he heard his name was called he ________ to his feet. A.raised B.rose C.got up D.stood up 【解析】 B 本题考查动词辨析。rise to one's feet为固定 短语,意为“站起来”。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.Nobody can deny that a fine house is a ________ of status and wealth. A.symbol B.resource C.sign D.force 【解析】 A 本题考查名词辨析。房子是地位和财富的 “象征”。symbol 表示“象征”,最合题意。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.The aim of this training is ________ all the injured ________ timely when a fire occurs. A.having; treat B.to have; treat C.having; to treat D.to have; treated 【解析】 D 本题考查非谓语动词。句意为:这次训练的 目的是在发生火灾时能使伤员得到及时的救护。不定式作 表语,表示将来的动作。have all the injured treated是have sth./sb. done结构。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
10. —Are you still busy? —Yes, I ________ my composition, and it won't take long. A.just finish B.am just finishing C.have just finished D.am just going to finish 【解析】 B 本题考查动词的时态。本句中的现在进行时 表示“现阶段正在进行着且即将结束的动作”。

第30讲

Module 6

Animals in Danger

第30讲 Module 2 Animals in Danger

第30讲 │ 基础梳理 基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. _________ endanger v. 使……处于险境,危及→danger n. 危险→ _________ dangerousadj. 危险的 2. ______ reserve n. 保护区,保护圈 v. 预定,预留→reservation n. 预 定,预约 protection n. 保护,防卫 3. protect v.保护→ __________ laid laid (过去式、过去分词) 4. lay vt. 产卵,下蛋→ ________ 5. wonder n.奇迹→ __________ wonderful adj. 精彩的,令人赞叹的→ ___________ wonderfully adv. 非常地,异乎寻常地

第30讲 │ 基础梳理
6. initial n. 首字母adj.最初的,开始的→ _______ initially adv.开始, 最初,起初 7. energy n. 能源,能量→ _________ energetic adj.精力充沛的,充满 活力的

第30讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅱ.短语检测 1. 由……制成 2. 把……制成 3.一次;每次 4.当场 5.成为时尚 6.积极参加 7.对……强硬/严厉起来 8.为……担心,担忧 9.照看;密切注视 10.攻击;适用于;努力争取

be made from/of be made into at a time on the spot come into fashion take an active part in get tough with… be concerned about sth. keep an eye on go for

第30讲 │ 基础梳理
11.(动物)以……为食 12.代表,象征 13.建立,创立,开办

feed on stand for set up

第30讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅲ.佳句再现 1. __________ Thanks to scientists’ hard work, the number of the pandas has increased to about 1,590. living in the wild ______________ 在科学家的努力下,野生大熊猫的数量已增加到了1,590只。 2.Often ______________ , the poachers shoot whole herds of antelopes __________, working at night ______ only the babies, _____________________________ . at a time leaving whose wool is not worth so much 那些偷猎者常常是夜里出动,一次就捕杀掉整群的藏羚羊, 只留下那些毛不怎么值钱的幼崽。

第30讲 │ 基础梳理
3. _________________ Although surprised , the poachers________________ had an advantage — there were more of them. 尽管偷猎者们很吃惊,但他们占有优势——他们人多。 seems to be winning the battle . 4.But today the government ___________________________ 而如今,政府似乎正在赢得这场战斗。 5.The WWF believes that our world has a future __________ only if people ________________________________________. learn to conserve nature and not waste energy 世界自然保护基金组织相信只有人们学会保护自然,不浪 费能源,我们的世界才有未来。

第30讲 │ 基础梳理
Ⅳ.单元语法 Review of attributive clauses

第30讲 │ 单词点睛 单词点睛
1 reserve vt. (to order)预定,预约(座位,房间等);(to put aside or keep sth. for a later occasion or special use)保留, 储备 n. 保护区;储备,储藏 (1) reservation n. 预定,预约 make a reservation 预约,预定 (2) reserve sth. for sb./sth. 为……预定/保留…… a wildlife reserve 野生动物保护区 in reserve 储备,备用

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) I’d like to _____________ reserve a table for two. 我想订一个两人的桌。 (2) A separate room _____________ is reserved for smokers. 有一个单独的房间留给吸烟者用。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
2 struggle n. 打斗;奋斗;挣扎,斗争 v.斗争;(to try extremely hard to achieve sth., even though it is very difficult) 奋斗;挣扎;(to move somewhere with great difficulty,to make one’s way toward)艰难地行进 (1) struggle against/with sb. 与某人争斗/作斗争 struggle for… 为……而斗争/奋斗 struggle to do sth. 挣扎着/努力地做某事 struggle to one’s feet 挣扎着站起来 (2) a struggling musician 一个努力奋斗的音乐家

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) She ___________________ struggled to bring up her child alone. 她辛辛苦苦地一个人把孩子养大。 (2) The young singer _______________ is struggling for recognition now. 这个年轻的歌手正在努力奋斗以获得认可。 (3) They ____________________ are struggling through the snow to get help. 他们正在雪中挣扎着前行去寻求帮助。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
3 protect v. ( to keep sb. or sth. safe from harm, damage, or illness)保护 protect sb./sth. from/against sth. 保护……不受……,使……免于…… 【易混辨析】 protect,defend和guard (1) protect 表示为某物提供遮蔽物或保障作保护以免遭受伤害 如: His head was protected by a helmet. 他戴着头盔保护头部。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
(2) defend 表示使用某种手段或方法抵挡某种存在着的威胁或 攻击,或表示通过反击进行“防护”;此外,也表示“保 护”抽象的东西,如权利、意见、观点等;还可以指“辩 解,辩白,辩护”。如: defend oneself/the country/one’s rights 自卫/保卫国家/保护自己的权利 How can you defend such behavior? 你怎么能为这种行为辩解呢? (3) guard表示为了防御存在或潜在的危险而提高警惕。如: The entrance to the building is well guarded. 该大楼的入口处戒备森严。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【易错警示】 在具体使用中,学生容易把protect和prevent混淆。prevent sb. from doing sth.意思是“防止或阻止某人做某事”。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The hat only partially __________ from the protected her face _____ sunlight. 这顶帽子只能部分保护她的脸免受太阳光照射。 (2) She _________ defended herself successfully in court. 她在法庭上成功地为自己做了辩护。 (3) A dog ______________ guarded/guards his house. 一只狗守卫着他的房子。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
4 spot n.地点,场所,现场;点,斑点,污点 v. (to pick out,catch sight of, recognize, discover) 找出,认出,辨认, 发现 (1) on the spot (2) spot sb. doing sth. spot a mistake 立即;当场;在现场,到现场 发现某人在做某事 发现错误

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Any workers found breaking these rules will be fired __________ on the spot .(spot) 任何违反这些规定的工人一经发现将立即解雇。 (2) I finally ________________ spotted my friend in the crowd. (spot) 最后我在人群里发现了我的朋友。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
5 live adj. (只作定语,只修饰物)活的;现场直播的,实况 的 adv.直播地 【易混辨析】 lively, alive和living (1) lively生动的;有趣的;活泼的。 (2) alive 充满生机的;存活的。强调“还活着”,常作表语、 宾语补足语及后置定语。 (3) living 活的,健在的;现存的。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用live, lively, alive或living填空 lively and energetic. (1) Our chemistry teacher is ______ lively account of her travels. (2) The book offers a ______ alive . (3) It was a bad accident—they’re lucky to be _____ (4) I’m a ______ living proof that you don’t need a college degree to be successful. (5) We were so excited to see real _____ live elephants. (6)The band will be giving a ____ live concert performance next week.

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
6 lay v. 把……平放;铺设;产卵,下蛋 lay aside 储存,保留;把……搁置一旁 lay the table 摆桌子 lay emphasis/stress on 重视,强调

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【情景记忆】

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) With the table ____ laid , the mother called her children to have dinner. 桌子摆好以后,母亲叫孩子们过来吃饭。 (2) For years my mother _________ laid aside a small amount from every pay cheque. 几年来我母亲每次都从工资中存下一小笔钱。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
7 focus n. 焦点;集中点;中心 v. 集中,使集中于焦点 be a focus of attention/concern 成为关注的焦点 bring…into focus 使焦点集中在…… focus (sth.) ________ on/upon … 集中(注意力、精力)于……

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) You must try to ______________________ focus your mind on/upon work and study. 你应该努力把思想集中在工作和学习上。 (2) The incident ________ brought the problem of violence in schools into focus _________. 这次事件使校园暴力成为焦点问题。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
8 waste n. 废物 v. 浪费 adj. 废弃的 waste time/money on sth./(in) doing sth. 浪费时间/金钱于某事/做某事 【经典句式】 It is a waste of time/money/energy doing sth. 做某事浪费时间/金钱/精力。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) It’s ___________________ a waste of time trying to get her to change her mind. 试 图让她改变主意是浪费时间。 (2)Why do you _____________________________ waste your money on/(in) buying lottery tickets? 你为什么把钱浪费在买彩票上呢?

第30讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
stand for 是……的缩写;代表;支持,主张;容许,容 忍 stand by
stand ____ out

袖手旁观;做好准备,随时待命; 支持某人 突出,显眼;出色

第30讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) The letters “USA” ________ stand for the United States of America. 字母USA代表美国。 stand for such behavior . (2) The teacher wouldn’t ____________________ 教师无法容忍这种行为。

第30讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
The WWF believes that our world has a future only if people learn to conserve nature and not waste energy. 世界自然保护基金组织相信只有人们学会保护 自然,不浪费能源,我们的世界才有未来。
【句式解读】 此句中only if 引导条件状语从句,表示“只有”。only if 引 导的 状语从句如果放在句首,主句则引起部分倒装。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【归纳比较】 if only…“但愿……;要是……就好了;真希望……” 从句中通常使用虚拟语气。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 is a student (1) _______ Only if a teacher has given permission ___________ ______________________________ allowed/will a student be allowed to leave the room. 学生 只有得到老师的许可才能离开教室。 If only had gone by taxi. (2) _______I 我要是乘出租车去就好了。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 nvolved in such matters. 1.Don’t get yourself i_______ ndangered the future of the 2.That mistake seriously e__________ company. 3. I am c_________ oncerned about the future of wildlife in Africa. 4.She l___ aid the baby down gently on the bed. 5. The Great Wall is one of the w______ onders of the world.

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 on the spot, keep an eye on, at a time, get tough with, set up at a time . 1. We had to go and see the headmaster one ________ 2. It’s about time teachers started to _____________ get tough with some bad students. 3. They ______ set up many branches throughout the country. 4. Anyone breaking the rules will be asked to leaveon ________ the spot. 5. Could you _____________ keep an eye on my suitcase for a moment?

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 湖南卷] Dina, _______ for months to find a job as a waitress, finally took a position at a local advertising agency. A.struggling B.struggled C.having struggled D.to struggle 【解析】 C 本题考查非谓语动词。该空分词短语作时间 状语,其逻辑主语Dina与struggle为主动关系,故排除B。 由句中的finally可知非谓语动作发生在谓语took a position 之前,故用现在分词的完成式主动形式,即选C。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.The living room is clean and tidy,with a dining table already _____________ for a meal to be cooked. A.laid B.laying C.to lay D.being laid 【解析】 A 本题考查非谓语动词。with复合结构中名词a dining table与动词lay之间逻辑上构成被动关系,故用过去 分词。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.[2010· 辽宁卷] Jim went to answer the phone. ________, Harry started to prepare lunch. A.However B.Nevertheless C.Besides D.Meanwhile 【解析】 D 本题考查副词用法。前后两个句子,在时间 上表示同时,所以用meanwhile。句意为:吉姆去接电话, 与此同时,哈里开始准备午餐。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.—He says that my new car is a ________ of money. —Don't you think those words are just sour grapes? A.lack B.load C.question D.waste 【解析】 D 本题考查名词辨析。lack缺乏;load负担; question问题,疑问;waste浪费。根据句意,尤其是下句 的“sour grapes(酸葡萄)”可知应选D。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.________you eat the correct foods ________ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A.Only if; will you B.Only if; you will C.Unless; will you D.Unless; you will 【解析】 A 本题考查部分倒装。当only放在句首,修饰 状语从句、副词或介词短语时,主句的谓语要部分前置, 构成部分倒装。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.It is worth considering what makes “convenience” foods so popular, and ________ better ones of your own. A.introduces B.to introduce C.introducing D.introduced 【解析】 C 本题考查非谓语动词。introducing 和 considering 是并列的,用在worth的后面,表示“值 得……”。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.Good heavens! There you are! We were all ________ about your safety. We were expecting you to come back much earlier all through the night. A.curious B.concerned C.upset D.interested 【解析】 B 本题考查be concerned about短语。be concerned about…意为“关心,担心……”;be curious about…意为“对……好奇”;be interested in…意为 “对……感兴趣”。 根据句意选B。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.I ________ a break in the fence and headed towards it. A.found out B.spotted C.viewed D.had 【解析】 B 本题考查动词辨析。spot此处意思是“发 现”。view作动词意思是“看待,考虑”。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.Many countries are in great need of natural gas, wind and other forms of ________. A.power B.source C.energy D.material 【解析】 C 本题考查名词辨析。energy指“能量,能 源”;power指“能,动力”,如:wind/solar/nuclear power; source是“来源”;material是“材料”。根据句意 选C。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.These seats are ________ for old and sick people. A.showed B.expressed C.passed D.reserved 【解析】 D 本题考查动词辨析。句意为:这些座位是留 给老人和病人坐的。reserve意为“保留”,符合语境。

阅读写作(十五) 阅读理解技法指导之细节理解

阅读写作(十五)[阅读理解技法 指导之细节理解]

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解 重视细节理解
文章主题和中心思想的阐述往往需要大量细节信息的支持, 这些细节对于理解全文内容至关重要,同时也是归纳和概括文 章中心思想的基础。命题人往往会要求考生根据不同的要求阅 读文章,以获得某些特定的信息,或准确地寻求所需的细节, 并对细节进行直接或间接辨认和理解。文章细节的理解可以细 化为:1.一一对应型。答案与题目在表达形式和意义上直接吻 合,一一对应,一目了然。属于浅层次的阅读试题,分数比例 极少。

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
2.语言转述型。这是一类间接事实细节题,答案与题目在 意义上充分运用了词义之间的转述关系,即正确选项是原文有 关词语和句子的另类表达。属于中档难度题,分数比例较大。 3.语意理解型。这是一类深层事实细节理解题,答案与题目之 间存在着一定的逻辑联系,这种联系需要建立在事实的基础上, 通过上、下文来进行分析、判断、归纳和整合,才能得出正确 答案。属于较高难度的事实细节题,分数比例很大。4.是非辨 别型。这是一类综合事实细节题,出题形式常常是“三正一 误”(三项正确,只有一项不符合原文内容)或“三误一正”(三 项错误,只有一项符合原文内容)。

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
5.事实排序型。这是一类运用多项事实进行排序的事实细 节题,要求根据动作发生的先后顺序、时间顺序或者句子之间 的逻辑关系,找出事情发生,发展的正确顺序。 一、细节理解题主要设问的方式有: 1.Which of the following statements is True(Not True)? 2.Which of the questions has not been mentioned(or discussed) in the passage? 3.What is the reason why…? 4.How did the people…? 5.Why did…?

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
二、细节理解题主要的答题策略有: 1.细心审题,直接就题找答案。解答此类试题时,不必 通篇细看原文,而应采取“带着问题找答案”的方法,先从问 题中抓住关键性词语(题眼),然后以此为线索,运用略读及查 读的技巧快速在文章中寻找与此问题相关的:段落、语句,仔 细品味,对照比较,确定答案。 2.变通理解,间接转述找答案。细节理解题通常采用词 语和句型转换的形式来取代原文中的表述,命题者在出这类题 时惯用“偷梁换柱、张冠李戴”的手法来迷惑考生,即对原句 细微处做改动,截取原文词语或结构进行改造,因果倒置,把 A的观点说成B的观点等。所以正确理解题干和信息句的意义 至关重要。

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
3.多点归纳,综合事实找答案。细节理解题有时考查的 并不是单一的信息,而是多处信息的整合。解答此类“综合” 信息细节题时,一定要全面捕捉相关信息,进行综合分析、归 纳,切忌根据“一面之词”以偏概全草率地得出结论。 例 [2011· 湖南卷] (节选) When first entered, Vanak Restaurant does not look like much of a restaurant, but once the pleasant smells of kabob子 (烤肉串) hit the senses, you are incapable of calling it anything less.

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
Owned by a local couple, this Persian restaurant has an inviting, homelike atmosphere that many restaurants lack. The space is small with only a few dining tables and nearly no decoration,but the environment is truly charming. Lying in a hardly noticeable street corner,the restaurant still attracts all customers,especially those experienced in the delights of Middle Eastern cooking. A common sight is that of old Persian men sitting in the corner talking loudly about world topics,watching news events on TV,drinking a black tea known as Persian chai,and reading local Persian newspapers all the while trying to finish off their plates piled with food.

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
The variety of food at the restaurant is limited,but the amount of each dish is fairly large. Most of the meals can serve two people and are under $10,so not only is it affordable but practical as well. The food especially appeals to health-conscious eaters because each dish is very healthy,made with limited fat and oil and served straight off the grill (烤肉架). The main dish that the restaurant is popular for is its kabobs,which are different styles of grilled meat.

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
One delicious and extremely healthy dish is the Joojeh Kabob,which is made of grilled chicken pieces served with either rice or bread. Another great kabob is the Chelo Kabob, a kabob consisting of grilled beef. Although the restaurant is small,the atmosphere and the food is delicious. It is a place that should not be overlooked.

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
1.When first entering the restaurant,one can find that it________. A.is splendidly decorated B.has pleasant smells of kabobs C.is crowded with dining tables D.looks like a common restaurant

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
2.What activity is also mentioned apart from dining in the restaurant? A.Watching news events on TV. B.Drinking a kind of black coffee. C.Reading local English newspapers. D.Discussing world topics in low voices. 3.The food of the restaurant ________. A.is served in small amounts B.is rather expensive C.is rich in variety D.is very healthy

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
4.What is the dish Joojeh Kabob mainly made of ? A.Rice. B.Chicken. C.Bread. D.Beef. 【点睛】 本文为说明文。介绍一家饭店的环境及其饭菜 等各方面的特点,以说明其独特的一面。 1. B 细节理解题。根据第一段“When first entered, Vanak Restaurant does not look like much of a restaurant, but once the pleasant smells of kabob(烤肉串)hit the senses, you are incapable of calling it anything less.”可知一走进饭店,就 可以闻到烤肉串的香味,故选B项。

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
2. A 细节理解题。根据第五段“A common sight is that of old Persian men sitting in the corner talking loudly about world topics, watching news events on TV, drinking a black tea…reading local Persian newspapers…”可知在饭店除了吃饭 外还可以看新闻,故A项正确。B项与“drinking a black tea” 不符;C项与“reading local Persian newspapers”不符;D项与 “talking loudly about world topics”不符。

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
3. D 细节理解题。根据第七段“The food especially appeals to health-conscious eaters because each dish is very healthy”可知饭店的饭菜非常健康,故选D项。A、C两项与第 六段“The variety of food at the restaurant is limited, but the amount of each dish is fairly large.”不符;B项与第六段“Most of the meals can serve two people and are under $10,so not only is it affordable but practical as well.”不符。 4. B 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段“One delicious and extremely healthy dish is the Joojeh Kabob, which is made of grilled chicken pieces served with either rice or bread.”可判断, 这道菜主要由烤鸡肉块组成,故选B。

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
【活学活用】 Christopher Thomas,27,was a writer by night and a teacher by day when he noticed he was always tired and was losing weight fast. Diagnosed with diabetes(糖尿病),Thomas would need to inject himself with insulin(胰岛素)three times a day for the rest of his life or risk nerve damage,blindness and even death. And if that weren't bad enough,he had no health insurance.

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
After a month of feeling upset,Thomas decided he'd better find a way to fight back. He left Canton,Michigan for New York,got a job waiting tables,nicknamed himself the Diabetic Rockstar,and created diabeticrockstar.com,a free online community for diabetics and their loved ones—a place where over 1,100 people share personal stories,information and resources. Jason Swencki's son,Kody,was diagnosed with diabetes at six. Father and son visit the online children's forums(论 坛)together most evenings.

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
“Kody gets so excited,writing to kids from all over,”says Swencki,one of the site's volunteers. “They know what he's going through,so he doesn't feel alone.” Kody is anything but alone:Diabetes is now the seventh leading cause of death in the United States,with 24 million diagnosed cases. And more people are being diagnosed at younger ages.

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
These days,Thomas's main focus is his charity(慈善机 构),Fight It,which provides medicines and supplies to people—225 to date—who can't afford a diabetic's huge expenses. Fightit.org has raised about MYM 23,000—in products and in cash. In May,Thomas will hold the first annual Diabetic Rockstar Festival in the Caribbean.

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
Even with a staff of 22 volunteers,Thomas often devotes up to 50 hours a week to his cause,while still doing his fulltime job waiting tables. “Of the diabetes charities out there,most are putting money into finding a cure,” says Bentley Gubar, one of Rockstar's original members. “But Christopher is the only person I know saying people need help now.”

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
1.Which of the following is TRUE of Christopher Thomas? A.He needs to go to the doctor every day. B.He studies the leading cause of diabetes. C.He has a positive attitude to this disease. D.He encourages diabetics by writing articles. 2.Diabeticrockstar. com was created for . A.diabetics to communicate B.volunteers to find jobs C.children to amuse themselves D.rock stars to share resources

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
3.According to the text, Kody . A.feels lonely because of his illness B.benefits from diabeticrockstar. com C.helps create the online kid's forums D.writes children's stories online 4.What can we learn about Fight It? A.It helps the diabetics in financial difficulties. B.It organizes parties for volunteers once a year. C.It offers less expensive medicine to diabetics. D.It owns a well-known medical website.

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
[解析] 1. C 细节理解题。根据第二段第一句“After a month of…back.”以及下文的建立网站、做慈善事业、每周工作50 小时等内容可以看出:Thomas对于自己的疾病采取了积极 的态度。 2. A 细节理解题。根据第二段中“a free online community for diabetics and their loved ones—a place where over 1,100 people share personal stories, information, and resources.” 可知A项正确。

阅读写作(十五) │ 重视细节理解
3. B 细节理解题。根据第三段中“Father and son visit the online children's forums(论坛)together most evenings.”和第 四段的“Kody gets so excited, writing to kids from all over,” says Swencki, one of the site's volunteers. “They know what he's going through, so he doesn't feel alone.” 可 知B项正确。 4. A 细节理解题。根据第六段中“Fight It, which provides medicines and supplies to people—225 to date—who can't afford a diabetic's huge expenses. Fightit. org has raised about MYM 23,000—in products and in cash.” 可知A项正确。


推荐相关:

52外研社高中英语必修5全册复习课件(精品)

52外研社高中英语必修5全册复习课件(精品)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。新课标·外研...新课标·外研版第 25 讲第 26 讲第 27 讲第 28 讲第 29 讲第 30 讲 ...


32外研版高中英语必修3全册复习课件(精品).ppt.Convertor

32外研版高中英语必修3全册复习课件(精品).ppt.Convertor_英语_高中教育_教育专区...2.在??顶端 3.在??底部 4.减至;减少到 5.以??幅度增加 6.取得进步 7...


42外研版高中英语必修4全册复习课件(精品)

42外研版高中英语必修4全册复习课件(精品)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。第 19 讲...Module5 A Trip Along the Three Gorges Module6 Unexplained Mysteries of the...


外研社高中英语选修7全册复习课件

外研社高中英语选修7全册复习课件_英语_高中教育_教育专区。注意: 1.词数 100...外研版高中英语必修5全册... 332页 免费 外研社高中英语选修7全册... 291页...


外研版高中英语必修5课时练习题及答案解析全册-3-2Reading

外研版高中英语必修5课时练习题及答案解析全册-3-2Reading_英语_高中教育_教育专区。3-2Reading Ⅰ.单词拼写 1 . The company hired a___( 侦探 ) to inves...


外研版高中英语必修5课时练习题及答案解析全册-4-2Reading

外研版高中英语必修5课时练习题及答案解析全册-4-2Reading_英语_高中教育_教育专区。4-2Reading Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.I've b___ a table for two at Beijing Res...


外研版高中英语必修5课时练习题及答案解析全册-4-4Cultural Corner

外研版高中英语必修5课时练习题及答案解析全册-4-4Cultural Corner_英语_高中教育_教育专区。4-4Cultural Corner Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.China does a lot of ___(贸...


外研版版 英语 必修5:课时练习及答案解析 (共51页)

外研版英语 必修5:课时练习及答案解析 (共51页)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。...全句可翻译为“然而, 对其 他孩子来说,查词典一点困难都没有”。 4. 【...


外研版高中英语第五册(必修5)

外研版高中英语五册(必修 5) 教案设计 (A) ...把全班同学分为四组, 由一个同学通过从 ...前设定的教学目标,学生对于定语从句知识进行了复习与...

网站首页 | 网站地图
All rights reserved Powered by 简单学习网 www.tceic.com
copyright ©right 2010-2021。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com