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必修5Unit2


高二人教新课标版必修五

Unit 2 The United Kingdom
Language points

1. How many countries does the UK consist of? 大不列颠由多少个国家组成? consist vi. 在于, 存在于; 组成, 构成 习惯搭配: 1) consist of 由

……组成, 由……构 成, 包括

(注意:不能用于被动语态和进行时态) = be made up of This club consists of more than 200 mostly of carbon. 2) consist in 基于,在于members. Coal consists ,存在……之中 The beauty of the city consists in its magnificent buildings.

2. England can be divided into three main areas. 英国可以分成三大部分。 divide 意为“把一个整体分成若干个部 分” 常与 into, among, between 搭配 divide into 把…分成 divide sth. among sb. 在…分配 divide A from B 使分离; 使分开 divide… by… 用…除以

辨析: divide, separate
divide 划分;把整体分成若干部分, 破坏了宾语的完整性。 separate 分隔; 把原来连在一起或靠近

的分隔开来, 没有破坏宾语的
完整性, 只是将宾语分开。

The world is divided into five continents. Let’s divide the cake into three. He separated the big eggs from the small ones. The grinding machine (碾谷机) separates the grain from the husk(糠).

考考你
1. The apple was _______ into two. divided 2. We _______the money equally. divided 3. Oxygen can be separated from water. ________ separates 4. The Taiwan Strait ________ Taiwan from Fujian.

3. Puzzle n. 意为难题、谜、测验能力的问题 (或玩具), 可喻为复杂难懂的 事物。用作单数时,作迷惑、困惑 解释。 He is in a puzzle about the matter. This is really puzzle to me.

v. 意为:使……迷惑;使……为难,常 用于被动结构或用其过去分词作表语、 定语、状语。 这封信使我迷惑不解。 This letter puzzles me. He stood there watching with puzzled despair. She listened with a puzzled expression on her face.

我不知道下一步该怎么办(如何回答)。 I am puzzled what to do next (how to answer). 他的脸上露出迷惑不解的表情。 There was a puzzle expression on his face. 他的问题把我难住了,我不知怎样回答。 Puzzled by his problem, I didn’t know how to answer.

4. People may wonder why different words are used to describe these four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Island. 对于用不同的语 言来描述英格兰、威尔士、苏格兰和 北爱尔兰这四个国家,人们或许会感 到奇怪。

wonder n. 惊奇;惊叹 to look at sth. in wonder 惊奇地看着某物 They were filled with wonder when they saw the spaceship. 当他们看到宇宙飞船时,他们非常惊奇。 奇观;壮举;奇才 the seven wonders of the world 世界七大奇观

He’s a wonder. 他是个奇才。 It’s a wonder 难得;奇怪的是 It’s a wonder you recognized me. 难得你还认得我。 (It’s) no wonder 难怪;并不奇怪;当然 No wonder he is not hungry; he has been eating sweets all day. 难怪他不饿,他整天在吃糖果。

wonder vi., vt. (常与at, that连用)觉 得奇怪;惊奇 I wonder, in England, each man speaks a different language. 我感到十分惊奇,在英国每个人都说着 一种语言。 I wonder at his rudeness. 我对他的粗鲁感到奇怪。

纳闷;想知道 He wondered why people built ugly homes, when they could have beautiful ones. 他很奇怪为什么人们本可以造出漂亮的 房屋,而偏偏建造出丑陋的房子来。 wondering how to do it 想知道怎么做这个

Ted wondered why he was wanted by the police, but he went to the station yesterday. 特德不知道为什么警察局要他去,但昨 天他去了。 I wonder why James is always late for school. 我想知道为什么詹姆斯上学总是迟到。

5. You can easily clarify any problems
if you study British history.

如果你学习了英国历史,很容易就能
弄清楚任何问题。

clarify vt. 澄清,讲清楚;阐明
vi. 澄清,清楚,明了;易懂事

Could you clarify the question?
你能解释这个问题吗? His mind suddenly clarified. 他的头脑突然清醒了. 拓展: clarification n.

6. However, the Southern part of Ireland was unwilling and broke away to form its own government. 然而,爱尔兰的南部不愿意,分离出 去建立了自己的政府。

break v. (broke, broken) 习惯搭配: break away 挣脱, 逃脱;脱离, 背叛 break down 抛锚, 出故障,身体跨了 break into 闯入, 突然发出 break out (战争、瘟疫、火灾) 爆发 break off 中断 break the rules 违反规则 break the records 打破记录

7. To their credit the four countries do

work together in some areas ( eg, the
currency and international relations),

but they are still different.
尽管这四个国家在某些方面 (如货币

和国际关系方面) 是合作的, 但它们
还是不同的。

credit 既是可数名词,又是不可数名 词,其常见意思是赊购(制度);称 赞;学分。也可作动词,表示相信; 把……归功于。 ? to one’s credit 值得赞扬;为某人增光 To their credit, they always get along well with one another.
?

work together是一个习惯用语, 不能按字面意思直译。work 在此 处的被译为“起反应, 起作用”

由动词work构成的词组:
work well 做得好

work sth. in/into sth. 设法把...加进
work at something 从事

work out 算出
work one’s will on /upon somebody

将某人的意志强加给别人

relation n.1) relation (between sth. and sth) 关系, 联系。 如: 降雨量与作物产量之间的关系 the relation between rainfall and crop production 此项目的费用与其成果不相称。 The cost of this project has no relation to the results.

(2) 亲戚,亲属。如: 他是我的一个近亲。 He is a close relation of mine. 你们彼此之间是什么亲属关系? What relation are you to each other?

8. England is the largest of the four countries and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones. 在这四个国家中,英格 兰最大,为了方便起见, 它大致被分为了三 个地区。 convenience n. 方便, 便利 I keep my reference books near my desk for convenience. 为了图方便, 我把参考书放在书桌前。

<习惯搭配>
at one’s convenience

在方便的时候
for (the sake of) convenience

为了方便起见
make a convenience of sb.

(乘机)利用某人

<拓展> convenient adj. 适合需要的,方便的
a convenient place/ time

It is an inconvenient time to come.
I can’t see him now; it’s not convenient.

Will it be convenient for you to start
work tomorrow?

9. attract 吸引,引诱 attract sb. 吸引某人 attract sb. to sth. 把某人吸引到 The concert attracted a great number of people. 音乐会吸引了很多人。 What do you think attracts people to big cities? 你认为是什么吸引人们到大城 市来的?

attraction n. 1) 吸引,引力; 2) 吸引人的东西; 喜闻乐见的东西; 精彩节目 attractive adj. 有吸引力,诱人的 attraction of gravity 重力 He can’t resist the attraction of the sea on hot day. 酷热
的夏天他经不住海的诱惑。

A big city offers many and varied

attractions.
大城市有多种多样吸引人的东西。

What are the principle attractions this
evening?
今天晚上的拿手节目是什么?

10. If you look around the British
countryside, you will find evidence

of all these invaders.
如果你的在英国四处走走的话,就会

发现这些入侵者的痕迹。 invader n. 入侵者; 侵略者
invade vt. 侵入; 侵略; 拥入

Hitler invaded Poland in 1939. 希特勒1939年入侵波兰。 Doubts invade my mind. 满腹狐疑。 Disease invade the body. 疾病侵袭身体。 Holiday makers invade the seaside towns in summer. 在夏季, 度假者大批涌入海滨城市。

11. leave out 省去 遗漏 不考虑 You have left out the most important word in this sentence 你在这一句里漏掉了最重要的一个词。 We left out the possibility of his coming. 我们没有考虑到他会来。

alone 不打扰 让独自呆着 ?leave behind 留下,忘带 ?leave for 去(某地)
?leave

12. influence

1. v 对……产生影响 What influence you to choose a career in teaching? 2. 可数n 产生影响的人或事 He is one of the good influences in the school.

3. 不可数n 影响

A teacher has great influence over his pupils. My teacher’s influence made me study science at college. 由于我老 师的影响,我上大学学了理科。

<短语>
have influence with / on 对...有影响

under the influence of

在…影响下

My teacher influenced my decision to

study art.
The weather influences crops.

My teacher’s influence made me study
science at college.

He is a man of influence in the city.

affect

influence

affect一般指生理/物质上的改变 influence多用于指感觉/态度上的改变 1. Drinking can affect your ability to drive. 2. The TV advertisements have influenced my attitude towards drinking and driving.

13. take the place of = replace 代替 =take sb’s place 代替某人 Computers have taken the place of typewriters in most offices. 在大多数的办公室里,电脑已经取代 了打字机。
take place 发生,举行 in place of =instead of代替

14. Worried about the time available, 过去分词作原因状语 = Because she was worried about the time available, Lost in the forest, the little girl burst into tears. Interested in stamps, he forms the habit of collecting stamps. Born in a poor family, he is cautious about spending money.

15. delight

n great pleasure 快乐;高兴;喜悦 vt to give great pleasure or enjoyment 使高兴,使欣喜 delighted adj 高兴的 delightful adj 令人高兴的。

to one’s delight 使人高兴的是 ? with delight 高兴地 ? take delight in…以……为乐 ? delight sb. with sth. 用某物使某人高兴 ? be delighted with 对….感到高兴,满意 ? be delighted at 因…感到高兴 ? be delight to do sth 很高兴做某事 ? be delighted that … 乐意….
?

To the teacher’s delight, all his students passed the examinations. 老师 极为高兴的是他的学生全部考试及格。 She was delighted with the award. 她因得奖而喜气洋洋。 She looked at me with delight. 她喜悦的看着我。

Homework
Memorize the new words in the reading and get ready to have

the dictation.

?
? ?

?
? ? ? ?

?
? ?

Worth 只作表语,后接ving(主动表被动) Be worth +n Be worth doing sth It is worth doing sth Worthy 可作表语,定语 Be worthy of Be worthy of being done Be worthy to be done Worthwhile可作表语,定语 It is worthwhile to do It is worthwhile doing

Worth ,worthy, worthwhile

IPhone5不值得购买
Iphone 5 is not worth buying ? Iphone 5 is not worthy of being bought/iphone 5 is not worthy to be bought ? It isn’t worthwhile buying Iphone5
?

Which country is left out 哪一个国家被省略了?
How hateful you are ,you left my feeling out, I want to break up with you . 你真讨厌,忽略了我的感受,我要跟你分手了。 1 省略,不包括,不提及,忽视,不考虑 Oh my god, she leaf out an A in “Apple” 天啊,她在“apple”一词中漏掉了一个“a” 2删除,遗漏 很显然你忽略了最重要的一点 It is obvious that you have leave out an important point

拓展
? Miss
? ?

Huang never leaves students’ advice paper aside
黄老师从不把学生的建议书搁置一边 Leave aside搁置一边,不予考虑

?
? ?

Zhao zikai always study very hard, so he leaves others behind
赵梓凯总是很努力的学习,所以他超过其他人 leave behind超过,把……抛在后面

?
? ?

Please leave me alone. OK?
别打扰我,好吗? Leave alone 不管,不打扰

Why are you unwilling to accept this wonderful opportunity?
Opportunity c n 机会 ? Opportunity for/of … …的机会 ? Opportunity to do ……做……的机会 ? Catch/seize/take opportunity抓住机会 ? Give/offer an opportunity提供机会 ? Lose/miss an opportunity错失机会
?

You will live in a town close to the countryside in England in a furnished house with all modern conveniences
?
? ? ? ? ? ?

?

Furnished adj 配有家具的 furnish v The class was simply furnished 这间教室装饰简单 Furnish A with B 1 将B提供给A 2用B装备A The room was furnished with two fans 教室装有两支电风扇 Sth be furnished with …… 某物装有……

Your task will be to examine the possibility of constructing a new factory in the United kingdom
? ?

?
? ? ? ?

?
?

1 Possibility c n 可能性 拓展:possible impossible possibly Possibility of doing sth做某事的可能性 Possibility that……的可能性 There is a possibility that he will lose 他可能会输 There is a possibility that……. 2可选择的方法 C n There are many possibilities to solve this problem

Do these differences cause conflicts or quarrels?
? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Quarrel n c&v 口角,争吵&1争吵;吵架2埋怨责 备 Have a quarrel with sb over sth/about sth因某事 而跟某人吵架 Make up a quarrel 言归于好 Fight one’s quarrels for sb帮某人争吵 Quarrel with sth/sb抱怨某事,嫌弃某物/跟某人 吵架 Have no quarrel with sth没有理由不同意某事 Pick a quarrel with sb挑衅,找碴儿

The countries are alike in wanting their own systems to continue这些国家在要求 它们自己的制度持续发展方面是类似的
? ?

?
? ? ? ?

Alike adj adv They look very much alike 他们长得很像 类似的,同样的 He treats everyone alike. 他对每个人都同等看待 一样地,相似地,同等程度地

Take the place of=take one’s place
?

?

?
? ?

Take sb’s place/sth’s place=take the place of sb/sth代替某人/某物(动词词组,可做谓语) In place of sb/sth=in sb’s/sth’s place =instead of sb/sth代替代替某人/某物(介词短语,不作 谓语) Take one’s place=take one’s seat就位,就职 In place在适当的位置 out of place不适当的 In the first place首先第一

Pick up
?

?

?
?

?

The students of Class 12 get used to picking up some papers on the floor to make the classroom 捡起 clean Please pick up your study things when you finish yourhomework 收拾,整理 Miss xiao is so happy,because her boyfriend always pick her up at the school gate 取,接

? ?

?
? ? ?

hello,hello,…..I can’t pick up the signals . 收到(信号) Where did you pick up that dress? 获得,得到,买到,学会 They pick up the class after a short rest (使)重新开始

I didn’t like that meal at all
? ? ?

?
?

At all 一点也不(常用于疑问句和否定句) Above all首先,最重要的是,尤其 After all毕竟,不管如何 All in all总的来说

They had no time to arrange their own wedding, so they……他们没时间准备自 己的婚礼,所以他们…… ? Arrange sth for sb为某人安排某事 ? Arrange sth to do sth为了做某事而安排 某事 ? Arrange for sb to do sth安排某人去做 某事 ? Arrange to do sth安排去做某事 ? Arrange for sth安排某事

The first person in each group writes a sentence and folds the paper over his/her writing,每个组的第一个人写一 个句子,然后把纸折上,盖住他写的内 容
? ?

? ? ?

Fold v&n 折叠,对折&褶 I folded one hunderd yuan in half and put it in to my purse Fold sth in half把某物对折 Miss Huang is folding the blankets down Fold sth up/down折叠(某物)


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