人教版必修三 Unit 5 Canada--The True North 教学案设计 主备人 李小艳
Ｉ．单元教学目标 技能目标 Skill Goals Talk about the basic information about Canada— location, main cities, customs and cultural diversity. Learn h
ow to read a traveling report and use maps. Learn to express directions and positions. Master the Noun Clause- Appositive clause. Learn to write a report to express what you hear and see in a place. 目标语言 表示方向的句式 Where is...? How does one go to...? In what direction is...? Is... close to/far from...? How far is...? 表示位置的句式 It is/lies in the north/south of... It is/lies to the south/east/northwest of...[来源:学科网] It is within... Kilometers of... It is/lies on the west/east. The place is on the border. You go along the coast. It is east /west of... It is far away from... One goes northward. 四会词汇 Quiz Canadian minister continent baggage cha t scenery eastward westward upward surround harbor measure aboard eagle within border slight acre urban topic mix mixture bush maple frost confirm wealthy distance mist misty schoolmate booth downtown approximately dawn buffet broad nearby tradition terrify terrified pleased impress impressive 词组 Prime minister, rather than, settle down, manag e to do, catch sight of, have a gift for, in the distance 语法 Noun clause as the appositive II． 教材分析
本单元通过两位女孩李黛玉与刘茜的加拿大之旅，向我们展示了加拿大的一些基本概况，包括它 的地理位置、主要城市、风土人情以及它的多元文化。通过学习本单元，让学生对加拿大有了更 多的了解，使学生能够用所学的词汇与句式表达方向与位置，并学会条理地写出旅游过程中的所 见所闻。
Period 1 warming up and pre-reading
Teaching goals 1. Target language 1.Learn some words. multicultural, scenery, surround, harbor, Canadian, Vancouver, Toronto, Calgary, Ottawa, beaver, polar, penguin Learn the information about Canada.[来源:学。科。网 Z。X。X。K] Master the expressions for describing directions and locations. Talk about the basic information about Canada— location, main cities, customs and cultural diversity. Teaching important points Learn to read the traveling report according to the traveling route. Teaching methods Asking-and-answering activities; Teaching aids: a computer Teaching procedures: Step 1 lead-in 1. Do you like to go sightseeing? 2. Which country do you like to visit? 3. What can you see in these countries? Show some pictures of famous country: Britain, France, USA, Japan, Canada What’s your first impression of this country? beautiful, modern, attractive, pleasant… Step 2 Quiz How much do you know about Canada? If you have a chance to have a trip to Canada, what do you want to know about it? Canada is a multicultural country. It is the second largest country in the world. How much do you know about Canada? Work in pairs and answer this quiz Step 3 introduction Introduce some information of Canada. Position: Canada is in northern North America Size: the second largest country in the world has an area of 9,984,670 square kilometers ; the distance from east to west is5,500 kilometers population: a population of 30 million. History: The first settlers arrived from England in 1497. Se ttlers from France reached Canada in 1534
Languages: Official languages: English and French Climate: different from area to area (as in china ) Resources: be rich in forests, coal, oil, water[来源:学。科。网] →Step 4 Pre-reading 1. Let students discuss the following questions: 1)What is the longest trip you have ever taken? 2)If you take a trip to Canada, what do you think you might see there? 3)What three words would you use to describe Canada? 2. Have students turn to Page 34 of the text book, look at the title of the reading passage and the pictures and predict what the passage is about. Then have them read the passage quickly to see if they are right. Step 5.language points 1.Canada is a multicultural country like China. 加拿大像中国一样是一个多元化国家。 multistory 多层的 multiform 多种形式的 multichannel 多通话线路的, 多波段的 multipurpose 多种用途的 多党的 multiparty 多国的、多民族的 multinational 多向的 multidirectional 多彩的，彩色的 multicolored 多媒体 multimedia 2.It is the second largest country in the world. 限定词（the 或形容词性物主代词）+ 序数词+ 形容词的最高级+ 名词，表示“第…… 的” Eg. The Yellow River is the second longest river in China . 翻译 ：加拿大是世界上第二大国家 _________________________________________________________________________ 联想： 1． )“最……之一” 的句式：one of the+ 最高级 +名词 Eg China is one of the oldest countries in the world . 2.) 当最高级前面有物主代词或名词所有格时不加定冠 the Eg. Friday is my __________day 星期五是我最忙的一天。 John is Jim’s _________friend. 约翰是吉姆最好的朋友 Exx 1. )巴黎是世界上最伟大的城市之一 Paris is _____ _____ _____ _______ _______in the world . 2. )长江是中国最长的河流，世界第三长河。 The Yangzi River is ____ ______ _______in china and ____ ________ _______ _______ _in the world. 3. Compare your answers with another pair. Compare……with 把。。。。。。与。。。。。。比较 Compare……to 把。。。。。。比作 Compared to /with……与。。。。。相比
Beyond /without compare 无法比拟，无可匹配 Eg. 1)If you compare this book with that one ,you will find this one is much more interesting . 2)Poets often compare death to sleep 3)Young people are compared to the sun in the morning. 4)Compared to/with many children ,she is indeed very luncky. 5)Comparing the sun with the earth ,we find the earth is very small. Exx : 1) Please compare your writing ___________ his . 2)Shakespeare compared the world ___________a stage. When __________ other architecture ,this stadium looks more brilliant. A compared with B comparing to C compare with D comparing with Step 6 Homwork 教学反思
Reading and Comprehending
教学重点 1. Let students read the p assage and learn about the geography, population, main cities, natural beauty and natural resources of Canada. 2. Get students to learn different reading skills. 教学难点 1. Develop students’ reading ability. 2. Enable students to learn about some basic information and talk about Canada. 三维目标 知识目标 1. Get students to learn the useful new words and expressions in this part. 2. Let students learn the knowledge of Canada. 能力目标 1. Develop students’ reading ability and let them learn different reading skills. 2. Let students learn how to read a traveling report and how to use a map. 2. Enable students to learn about some basic information and talk about Canada. 情感目标 1. Stimulate students’ interest in learning about foreign countries. 2. Develop students’ sense of cooperative learning. 教学过程
1. Do you like traveling? Which country have you ever been to? 2. Do you know anything about Canada? What language do Canadians speak? What is the capital of Canada? What is the national animal of the cou ntry? What is the Canadian leader called? Do you know the names of famous lakes in Canada?
Scamming 1. What is the main idea of the passage? _________________________________________________ 2. Divide the passage into three parts match the main idea with them. Part 1 (Para 1)： A. Wh at they really saw and felt after boarding the train. Part 2 (Para 2)： B. Brief introduction of their trip. Part 3 (Paras3-5)： C. Their chat on their way to the station. Careful reading : Fill in the blanks Para 1 brief introduction about the trip who why where(destination) how(transportation) Para 2 Who was waiting for them? What is “the True North”? In which direction will they go? What can they see? 1)_____________ 2) _____________ 3)_____________ 4)____________5)____________ 6)____________7)____________ 8)____________ Vancouver location climate entertainment scenery population Para 3 The Rocky Mountains They managed to catch sight of some 1)________, 2)__________and 3)________ surrounded by 9)______________________ warm and 10)_____________ skiing and 11)__________ ___ the 12)_________and most 13)__________ forest increasing 14)_____________ 1)_____ and her cousin 2)________ to 3)__________________ 4)_____________________ First by 5)_______ then by 6)_________
It is famous for 4)__________. 5)________ from all over the world come to 6)_______ in the Stampede. Many of them have a gift for 7)________ and can win 8)________ dollars in prizes.
Para 4 What did they begin to realize after two days’ travel? How much is the population of Canada? How much area do the farms cover? Where is the busy port city of Thunder Bay? Why does Canada have the most fresh water in the world? How much of the world’s fresh water is in Canada? Para 5 Which city is their next destination? ___________________________________ ⅣPost-reading 1. Read the text carefully again and choose the best answers. 1) Which of the following is des cribed as the most beautiful city in Canada? A. Vancouver B. Calgary C. Toronto D. Montreal 2) What does the word “slightly ”in the text mean? A. a bit B . a lot C. greatly D. lightly 3). Why did they begin to realize two days later that Canada is quite empty? A. Because there are only thirty million people living on such a huge land. B. Because they found nobody on their way. C. There are too many lakes in Canada. D. Because Canada is surrounded by Oceans on three sides. 4) Which of the following statements is true according to the text? A. Li Daiyu and Liu Qian went to Canada to see their cousins in Montreal. B. Thunder Bay is a port city in the south of Canada near Toronto. C. The girls looked out of the windows and saw Native Indians and cowboys. D. Li Daiyu and Liu Qian went to Canada to see their relatives on t he Atlantic coast. 2.True (T) or False (F) 1) They will take the train across Canada westward.
1)________________________ 2)________________________ 3) ________________________ 4) ________________________ 5) ________________________ 6) ________________________
2) You can cross Canada in less than five days. 3) Vancouver is the coldest part in Canada. 4) It is so wet in Vancouver that the trees are tall. 5) Canada is a large country with a small population. 6) The ocean ships cannot go to Thunder Bay. 7) Toronto is to the south of Thunder Bay. 8) Their trip across the whole continent was exciting because of some great scenery. 9) Their cousins took them and their baggage to catch “The True North”. 10) Canada has more fresh water than any other country in the world. 3. Reorder the following names according to what you re ad in the passage. A. Thunder Bay B. Calgary C. Rocky Mountains D. Toronto E. Vancouver F. Montreal 4. Choose the best word to fill the passage Li Daiyu and Liu Qian took the train in Canada from 1)_________ to 2) _________. Their friend, Danny Lin, took them to the train station to catch 3) _________. Canada is the 4) ________ _ biggest country in the world. It is 5500 kilometers from 5) _________to 6) _________. As they go 7) _________, they saw beau tiful scenery as well as cities. 8) _________ is surrounded by mountains on the 9) _________ and east. When they were crossing the Rocky Mountains, they caught sight of mountain goats and a grizzly 10) _________. The next stop is 11) _________, which is famous for Calgary Stampede. After that, they wen t through a 12) _________ province and 13) _________, which is at the top of the Great Lakes. That night as they slept, the train rushed across the top of Lake 14) _________, in the direction of 15) _________. Homework: 教学反思
5) plane 6) train Para 2. 1)Their friend Danny Lin. 2) the cross-Canada train. 3) eastward 4) mou ntains 5) lakes 6) forest 7) wide rivers 8) large cities 9) mountains and the Pacific Ocean 10) wet 11) sailing 12) oldest 13)beautiful 14) rapidly Para 3. 1) mountain goats 2) a grizzly bear 3) an eagle 4) the Calgary Stampede 5) Cowboys 6) compete 7)riding wild horses 8) thousands of Para 4. 1)They realized that Canada is quite empty. 2)Slightly over thirty million. 3)Thousands of acres.4)At the top of the Great Lakes. 5)Because of the Great Lakes.6)One-third of the world’s fresh water. Para 5. Toronto Post-reading AAAD FFFTTFTTFT 3. E-C-B-A-D-F 4. 1) west 2) east 3) the True North 4)second 5) coast 6) coast 7) eastward 8) Vancouver 9)north 10) bear 11) Calgary 1 2)wheat-growing 13)Thunder Bay 14)Superior 15) Toronto
[来源:学科网 ZXXK] [来源:学科网 ZXXK] [来源:学_科_网 Z_X_X_K][来源:学科网]
Period 3 language points
Step I greetings and revision Geetings to the students and check the homework Step II language points 1. Li Daiyu and her cousin Liu Qian were on a trip to Canada to visit their cousins on the Atlantic coast. 李黛予和她的表妹刘倩去加拿大大西洋海岸看望她们的表兄妹们。 trip: usually short journey, esp. for pleasure (通常指短途的)行走，旅行（尤指娱乐性的） 与 trip 搭配的主要动词和介词： be on a trip to make a trip to take a trip to 海滨之行 a trip to the seaside 前往巴黎的蜜月之旅 a honeymoon trip to Paris 他出差在外。He is ___a business trip 我父亲下礼拜要到纽约去。 My father will _______________________________New York next week 辨析：trip, travel, journey, tour ,voyage Trip 指短期旅行或短距离旅行，远足。Travel 具有广泛意义，可以表示旅行，游历，常指长距离
答案： While-reading： Scamming:1 A description about the trip on “The True North”.2 BCA Careful reading:Para 1. 1) Li Daiyu 2) Liu Qian 3) visit their cousins 4) Montreal, Canada
的旅行或国外旅行。Tour 指观光旅游，是根据一定的路线，事先预定了一些逗留地点，然后返 回出发点的游历，周游旅行。Journey 常指远距离的陆地旅行。Voyage 指海上或空中旅行。 用 trip, travel, journey, tour ,voyage 填空 1） he came home after years of foreign __________ 2） they decided to take a train_______________ 3） they went on a ____________ round the world by ship. 4） I enjoyed our _________ to the seaside. 5） They are on a wedding ___________ 6） I’ll make a __________ to the dentist this weekend. 7） Light ________ faster than sound. Suggested answers 1) travel 2) journey 3) voyage 4) trip 5) tour 6) trip 7) travels 2.Rather than take the airplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train west to east across Canada. 他们不想一路乘飞机,她们决定飞到温哥华,再从西海岸乘火车横穿加 拿大到达东海岸. rather than 而不是,不愿,不要,不如说 常用来连接并列的成分. Eg. 1) Rather than cause trouble ,he left.他不愿惹麻烦，宁可离去。 2）The color seems green rather than blue . 与其说这颜色是蓝色，不如说它是绿色。 3) I would have a coffee rather than coke. 我想喝咖啡,不想喝可乐。 4) He was busy writing a letter rather than reading the newspaper. 5) I decided to write rather than (to) telephone. 相关短语： 1) would rather do …than do=would do …rather than do …宁可…也不… 2) prefer to do…rather than do…宁可…也不… 3) or rather 更确切的说 He worked till late last night, or rather, early this morning. 他昨晚工作到很晚,更确切的说,直到今天早上. 4) other than = but, except 除了…以外,除了 There’s nobody here other than me. 除了我这里没有别人. 5) would rather had rather 宁愿，宁可，希望 后接宾语从句时,谓语动词用虚拟语气.当表示一 个现在或将来的愿望时,谓语动词用一般过去时，常用结构 “would rather sb. did/didn’t sth.”; 当 表示一个过去的愿望时,谓语动词用过去完成时. 1) ---- Do you mind if I smoke? ---- Well, I’d rather you didn’t. 嗯,你最好别抽. 2) I would rather you came with us. 我倒愿意你和我们一起来. Exx :1) He came all the way to china for promoting friendship ______ for making money. (D) A less than B more than C better than D rather than 2)Rather than _________ on a crowded bus , he always prefers________ a bike.(C) A ride ,ride B riding , ride C ride, to ride D to ride ,riding
3)I would rather ________________________(独自呆在家里) than_____________________ (和 你玩) 4） 我希望你没做这事。 I would rather you ______ ______ that. 3. chat about their trip 聊起了他们的旅程 chat .vi.& n. chat to /with sb. 同某人聊天 chat about sth. 聊某事 have a chat with sb. 与某人聊天 1) what were you chatting _______ him about? 2) My I chat with you in private ? ________________________________________________ 4. going eastwards ,you will pass mountains and thousands of lakes and forests ,as well as wide rivers and large cities. 一路向东，你们会经过一座座山脉，数千个湖泊，还有森林，河流和一些大城市。 1）eastward 也作 eastwards,副词,意为“向东” -ward(s)=in a direction 向前 foreward(s) 向后 backward(s) 向外 outward(s) 向南 southward(s) 向西 westward(s) 向北 northward(s) 我们难以决定是向东走还是向西走。 We couldn’t decide whether to go eastward or westward 2）thousands of 成千上万的 注意： million, billion, thousand, hundred, score, dozen 之前有确定的数字时， 不论后面是有无 of, 词 尾都不加 s. 如果前面没有确定的数字而后接 of 时，词尾都加 s. 300 名学生 three hundred students 这些鸡蛋里的 3 打 three dozen of these eggs Dozens of eggs 好几打鸡 Scores of years 好几十年 Exx : 1) 我们将向东旅行 _____________________________ 2 ) She went the bookstore and bought _____________ .(D) A dozen books B dozens books C three scores books D dozens o books 3) Tom ____ two of his classmates_________ invited to the party.(A) A as well as; was B as good as ; were C and ;have D as well ; has been 4) John plays football __________ , if not better than , David.(B) A as well B as well as C so well D so well as 5. People say it is Canada’s most beautiful city, surrounded by mountains and the Pacific Ocean. 人们说温哥华市加拿大最美的城市，被大山和太平洋环绕。 surround vt. 包围，环绕，围绕 surround sb/sth with sb/sth 使某人或某物包围某人或某物 sth/sb be sourrounded by/with sth 某人或某物被…….包围，环绕 surrounding adj. 周围的 surroundings 环境 篱笆环绕着学校。The fence surrounds the school 他们出动了军队包围了该城。They have surrounded the town with troops. 房子的四周有高墙。The house is surrounded by high walls. 用适当的词填空： 1） The trees ________________ (环绕) the house . 2） The ooldiers ____________(包围)the enemy.
3） He lives in the __________(附近的)area. 4） The ____________(环境) a child grows up in may have an effect on his development. Answers : surround surrounded surrounding surroundings. 6. Its population is increasing rapidly. 它的人口增长很快。 Population n. 人口，人口总数 ，通常作不可数名词，用作主语是谓语用单数。和分数，百分数 连用时谓语用复数。 Eg. 1) What is the population of China ？ 2 The population of China is increasing very fast. 3) China has a population of 13 billion. 4) 80% of the population of China are farmers. 注：当我们要表达人口是多少是，用 large ,small 提问时用 what 1） The population of our city is ____ than that of Qingdao . A large B larger C more larger D more 2) __________ is the population of shanghai ? A How many B How much C What D How 7.It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall, some measuring over 90chanmetres. 那儿的 湿度很大,所以树都长的特别高,一些高达 90 多米. some measuring over 90chanmetres. 独立主格结构，逻辑主语是 some. 当分词(短语)做状语时,其逻辑主语一般和句子的主语一致;但有的分词短语有它自己的独立的 主语(在分词短语之前,这种主语常常是名词或代词主格),这种结构称为独立主格结构。其构成 是:“名词/代词+现在分词/过去分词/形容词/副词/名词/介词短语”。 注意：独立主格结构在句子中只能用作状语,表示时间,原因,条件,伴随等. 1) The clock striking eight, they began working.(时间状语) 2) The rain being over, we continued to march.(时间状语) 雨过之后，我们继续前行. 3) Time permitting, I’ll go out with you. Exx； 1)___________ , they will go and visit the zoo.(A) A weather permitting B weather permitted C weather being permitted D weather having permitted 2）the problem _________ , they will went home happily.(C) A settling B to be settled C settled D to settle 3) a lot of work __________ ,he had no time to talk with us.(B) A done B to do C doing D to be doing. measure 的用法：vi.&vt.测量，衡量，判定；n. 计量单位，措施 measure sth.by sth 用…… 衡量 take sb’s measure /take the measure of sb.给某人量尺寸 make sth. To sb’s measure 照某人的尺寸做某物 take measures /steps to do sth.采取措施做某事
exx: We________ the studens’ progress __having exams.我们通过考试衡量学生的进步。 The tailor _____________________ for a new suit.裁缝给我量尺寸做了一套新衣服。 We must _________ _ __________ protect the earth.我们必须采取措施保护地球 The room ____________ten meters 这房间宽十米 8. That afternoon aboard the train, the cousins settled down in their seats. 那天下午,姐妹俩才登上火车落了座. Settle vt./vi. 1). 定居 She settled in London last year. 她去年在伦敦安了家。 2). 解决(分歧、纠纷等) It’s time you settled your differences with your father. 现在你该解决同你父亲之间的分歧了. 3).平静下来 After the excitement, I tried to settle myself. 激动过后，我设法平静下来. 相关短语： 1）settle （sb.） down ① 使…安静,安顿下来 It always takes the class a while to settle down at the start of lesson. 那个班一上课总得过一会才能安静下来. 2)(在某地)定居下来,过安定的生活 When are you going to get married and settle down? 你打算什么时候成家安定下来? 3)舒服的躺下或坐下 She settle down/back in the chair and closed her eyes.她坐在椅子上闭目养神. 2) settle (down ) to 开始认真对待,定下心来做 They finally settled down to a discussion of the main issues. 他们终于开始讨论一些主要的问题了 3）Settle in/ into ①(使)适应(新的家、工作、环境等) I haven’t yet settled (down ) in my new job. 我还没有适应我的新工作. ②(+for)安定下来,安心(在某处停留一段时间) They settled in for a long wait.他们安下心来,准备长时间的等待. Exx 1) 他舒服地坐在沙发上看书。 She settled _____ _____ a sofa ,reading a book. 2) 我今天必须静下心来完成我的论文。 I must ______ _______ today to （finish） my paper . 3) with a lot of difficult problems ________ , the boss is having a hard time . A settled B settling C to settle D being settled 2） aboard prep. /adv 在船，飞机，火车或公共汽车上 eg. It is time to go aboard the ship.(go on board ) abroad adv.在、到国外 broad ,adj . 宽阔的，广泛的 9. When they crossed the Rocky Mountains, they managed to catch sight of some mountain goats and even a grizzly bear and an eagle. 火车先是穿越落基山脉，她们设法看到了野山羊，甚至还看到了 一只大灰熊和一只鹰。
1)catch /have/get sight of 看见，瞥见 I caught sight of his figure in the crowd. 我在人群中发现了他的身影. 2)at first sight 乍一看,第一眼看到… At first sight his demand seemed reasonable. 3）at the sight of 一看见 They ran away at the sight of the police. 4) in/within (sb’s) sight 看得见 The train is still in sight. 还能看得到那列火车 5）out of (sb’s)sight 看不见 The house was out of sight behind a wall. 那房子被墙挡住看不见了 6) the sights 名胜 同义辨析： scenery scene view sight Scenery 〔U〕指该地区“整个风景”，由多个 scene 构成的景色 Scene 指一眼可以浏览的“部分风景”，但多半包括其中的人及其活动。 View 〔C〕强调从远处或高处看到的“部分风景” Sight 指风景，名胜。常用复数形式，指人文景观。 练习： 1）The ________ of the movie is set in Paris in the1920s. 2) The ________ from the top of the building is very beautiful. 3) We’ll take you to see the ________ of London. 10.. Many of them have a gift for working with animals and they can win thousands of dollars in prizes. 他们中许多人都有与兽共舞的才能，他们能赢得几千美元的奖金。 have a gift for 在…..方面有天分；有天赋 她对学语言有天赋。she has a gift for learning languages. 好像他对音乐有些天赋。It seems he has a gift for music. 11,within a few hundred kilometers 在几百千米以内 Within prep.在 之内 不超出 adv. 从内部 Eg . he kept within doors all day yesterday. 他昨天整天呆在屋里。 The house has been painted within and out ____________________________ Within 和 in 得区别 Within 强调 “不超出，在 里面，在 范围内” In 侧重一段时间的过程中， 多用于重复连续行为。 与 within 常可换用。 但 in 还有“在 之后” 含 义。 Exx: 1) he will return ____an hour. 2) Don’t put the medicine ______________ the reach of children. 3) Our school is __________ five miles of the post office.我们学校离邮局不出五英里。 12…….than any other country 的用法见练案 p48
表示最高级的八个比较级句型： 1） 否定谓语+比较级 2） 比较级+than any other+单数名词 3） 比较级+any of the other +复数名词 4） 比较级+any of the others 5） 比较级+than(all) the other +复数名词 6） 比较级+than (all) the others 7） 比较级+than anybody/anyone /anything else 8） 比较级 + than ever before Exx. 1) Canada is bigger than ______ country in Asia. (A) 2) China is bigger than ________ country in Asia.(B) A any B any other C other D another Tom s much clever than ___________ students .(C) A every one of the B all the C any of the other Homework : 教学反思：
Grammar and Useful Structures
Teaching goals 1. Target language a. 重点词汇和短语 multicultural, figure, figure out, terrify, official, make comments b. 重点句子 The idea that they would cross the whole continent was exciting. The fact that ocean ships can go there surprises many people. The idea that you can cross Canada in less than five days is just w rong. 2. Ability goals Learn noun clause used as appositives. 3. Learning ability goals Learn how to make new words. Learn what is noun clause and how to use it. Teaching important points [来源:学科网 ZXXK] Learn noun clauses used as appositives. Teaching methods a. Study individually;[来源:学。科。网] b. practice. Teaching aids [来源:Zxxk.Com] A computer and a projector. 同位语从句讲义及练习
一、理解同位语从句的含义，把握同位语从句的实质 在主从复合句中作同位语的从句称为同位语从句。同位语从句一般用 that,whether，what, which, who,when, where, why, how 等词引导，常放在 fact,news,idea,truth,hope,problem,information,wish, promise, answer, evidence, report, explanation, suggestion, conclusion,等抽象名词后面，说明该名词 的具体内容。 换言之， 同位语从句和所修饰的名词在内容上为同一关系， 对其内容作进一步说明。 例：The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school.他们比赛获胜的消 息很快传遍了整个学校。 析：they had won the game 说明 The news 的全部内容，因此该句为同 位语 从句。 二、正确运用同位语从句的引导词，准确把握同位语从句 1.如同位语从句意义完整， 应用 that 引导同位语从句。 （即 that 不充当任何成分， 只起连接作用） 例：The general gave the order that the soldiers should cross the river at once.将军下达了战士们 立即过河的命令。 析：the soldiers should cross the river at once 是 the order 的全部内容，且意义 完整，因此应用 that 引导同位语从句。 2.如同位语从句意义不完整，需增加\"是否\"的含义，应用 whether 引导同位语从句。（if 不能引 导同位语从句） 例：We\'ll discuss the problem whether the sports meeting will be held on time.我们 将讨论运动会是否会如期举行的问题。 析：the sports meeting will be held on time 意义不完整，应加\"是否\"的含义才能表达 the problem 的全部内容，因此应用 whether 引导同位语从句。 3.如同位语从句意义不完整，需增加\"什么时候\"、\"什么地点\"、\"什么方式\"等含义，应用 when,where,how 等词引导同位语从句。 例 1：I have no idea when he will be back. 析：he will be back 意义不完整，应加\"什么时候\"的含义才能表达 idea 的全部内容，因此应用 when 引导同位语从句。 例 2：I have no impression how he went home,perhaps by bike. 析：he went home 意义不完整，应加\"如何\"的含义才能表达 impression 的全部内容，因此应用 how 引导同位语从句。 4.当主句的谓语较短，而同位语从句较长时，同位语从句常后肢。 如：The thought came to him that maybe the enemy had fled the city. 他突然想到敌人可能已经逃出 城了。 三、把握同位语从句和定语从句的区别，明确同位语从句和相似从句的界限 同位语从句和定语从句相似，都放在某一名词或代词后面，但同位语从句不同于定语从句。同位 语从句对名词加以补充说明，是名词全部内容的体现，且名词和同位语从句的引导词均不在从句 中作成分；定语从句说明先行词的性质与特征，与先行词是修饰与被修饰的关系，且名词和定语 从句的引导词均在从句中作成分。 区分时可以在先行词与与从句之间加一个系动词 be,使之构成一个新句子，如果句子通顺且符合 逻辑，则为同位语从句，反之，则为定语从句。 如：The report that he was going to resign was false. 他将辞职的传闻是假的。 因为 the report was that he was going to resign 句意通顺，所以，that he was going to resign 是同位 语从句。 例 1：Information has been put forward ____ more middle school graduates will be admitted into
universities.(NMET2001 上海) A.while B.that C.when D.as 析：答案为 B。more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities 是 Information 的 内容，且 Information 不在从句中作成分，所以该句为同位语从句。应将该句区别于： It is said that more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities，this is the information ____ has been put forward. A.what B.that C.when D.as 析：答案为 B。that has been put forward 为 information 的修饰性定语，且 information 在从句 中作主语，所以该句为定语从句。 例 2：She heard a terrible noise,____ brought her heart into her mouth.(MET91) A.it B.which C.this D.that 析：答案为 B。分析语境含义、句子结构和句子成分可知，该句为非限制性定语从句，先行 词为 a terrible noise，且它在从句中作主语。应将该句区别于： I can\'t stand the terrible noise ____ she is crying loudly. A.it B.which C.this D.that 析：答案为 D。she is crying loudly 是 the terrible noise 的内容， 常跟的抽象名词有: fact/ idea/reason/ thought/order/ doubt/news/hope/ truth/belief … EXX Ex1. Point out the Appositive Clauses: 1.The idea that only h e can do it is wron g. 2.We heard the news that our volleyball has won. 3.The question why he didn’t come isn’t clear. 4. I’ve no idea what he did yesterday. 5. The question whether he should come himself or send another person hasn’t been decided. Ex2 合并句子[来源:Zxxk.Com] 1．We were excited at the news. Our football team had won a third match . 2．They have made a new plan. Another experiment building will be put up beside the library. 3. They had the question. Could he pass the final exam? 4. Who did the damaged computer belong to? No one had any idea. 5.The problem has been solved. Why were so many areas flooded during the heavy storm? Ex3 用适当的词填空 1.I have no idea _____ he will be back. 2.We heard the news _____ our team had won. 3.There arose the question ______ we could get the loan 4. The suggestion ____ the plan (should) be delayed will be discussed tomorrow. 5. Have you heard the news _____ Mary will be back soon? 同位语从句与定语从句区别: 1. 从词类上区别 同位语从句前面的名词只能是 idea, fact, news, hope, belief, suggestion, proposal, word, thought,
doubt, truth, possibility, promise, order 等有一定内涵的名词， 而定语从句的先行词可以是名词,代词, 主句的一部分或是整个主句。 [来源:学科网] He told me the news that he would come home from aboard soon. Word came that he had been abroad. 据说他已经出国了。 Our team has won the game, which made us very happy. 我们的队赢了, 这让我们很高兴。(定语从句) 2.从性质上区别 定语从句是从句对其先行词的修饰或限制,属于形容词性从句的范畴;而同位语从句是从句对 前面抽象名词 的进一步的说明和解释,属于名词性从句的范畴，如: The news that our team has won the game was true. 我们队赢了那场比赛的消息是真的。 (同位语从句, 补充说明 news 到底是一个什么消息) The news that he told me yesterday was true. 昨天他告诉我的那个消息是真的。(定语从句, news 在从句中作 told 的宾语) 3. 从引导词及其在句子中的成分上区别 有些引导词如 h ow, whether, what 可以引导同位语从句, 但不能引导定语从句。如: That question whether we need it has not been considered. 我们是否需要它这个问题还没有考虑。 (同位 语从句) 引导词 that 引导定语从句时, 在从句中一般作主语或宾语 (指物时还可以用 which 代替), 并且 作宾语时常常省略， that 在同位语从句中仅起连接作用, 不充当任何成分, 并且不能省略, 也不能 用 which 来代替，如: The order that we sh ould send a few people to help the other groups was received yesterday. 我们应派几个人去帮别的几个小组的命令昨天收到了。 (同位语从句, 是对 order 的具体解释, that 虽不作成分, 但不能省略) The order that we received yesterday was that we should send a few people to help the other groups. 我们昨天收到的命令是我们应该派几个人去帮助别的几个小组。 (定语从句, 是名词 order 的修饰语, that 在从句中作 received 的宾语, 可以省略) Practice 判断同位语从句与定语从句 1.The news that there are no lives on the moon is known to us all.( ) 2.The news that you heard is not true. ( ) 3.Have you any idea who he went with? ( ) 4.Is there any hope that they will be home in time? ( ) 5.The problem that you r eferred to doesn’t exist at all. ( ) Homework :1) 练案 20 基础题 2） ex1 of wb p71 3) 阅读 学案 p51 要点解读 Period 5 Reading From Toronto To Montreal Step 1. Lead in: Show some pictures of Canada, and asks “Do you know the following things in Canada? ” Step.2: Read the passage for a second time and answer the following questions. 1. How do we know it is fall in Canada? 2. What can sometimes be seen from the CN Tower in Toronto?
3. Where does the water from the lake go? 4. Why is there good Cantonese food in Torono? 5. Which direction is the train going from Torono? 6. Why did the girls go to Old Montreal? 7. What three things show us that Montreal is a French city? Step 3 Language points 1.They were not leaving for Montreal until later. Not …until …表示“直到…才…”，常与表示瞬间的动词连用。如： 我们直到今天晚上才离开。 We do not leave until this evening. 街上的吵闹声直到深夜才停止。 The noise in the street didn\'t stop until midnight. 2. It’s too bad you can’t go as far as Ottawa, Canada’s capital. 遗憾的时你们不能一直走到加拿大的首都渥太华去。 as far as (习语)直到所提到之处为止 我一直走到山脚。 I walked as far as the foot of the mountain. 莎拉已经读到第四册啦。 [来源:学科网]Sarah has read as far as the fourth volume. As far as /so far as （表示程序，范围）就….. 而言 ，至于……尽…… Eg . as far as I know , he is honest.就我所知，他很诚实。 I will help you as far as I can._________________________________. 注意：as……as 建构中还可其他形容词或副词。例如：as long as ,as good as, as well as ,as much as ,as many as ,as tall/high as ,as early as ,as heavy as 等 3. The girl told him they were on a train trip across the Canada and that they had only one day in Montreal. 一个动词若带两个宾语从句，第二个宾语从句的引导词 that 一般不能省，例如： I understand not only that you have studied Chinese but also that you have written Chinese poetry. 4. In the distance , they could see the misty cloud that rose from the great Niagara falls ,which is on the south side of the lake.远处， 她们可以看到湖的南边尼亚加拉大瀑布上方升腾的雾霭。 In the distance 在远处，在远方 at a distance of 稍远一点 from the /a distance 从远处 完成下列句子 1) Tthe oil painting looks better ___________________________ 2) We saw a light __________________________ 3) ____________________,I can see them waving their hands to me . Answers:1)at a distance 2) in the distance 3) from the distance 1. Montreal is a city with wonderful restaurants and clubs . 蒙特利尔这个城市有极好的餐馆和俱乐部。 with wonderful restaurants and clubs .在句中作定语，修饰名词 a city .with 为 “具有，带有， 加上，包括……在内” eg .a girl with golden hair 金发女郎 a man with a good sense 嗅觉灵敏的人 China is a country with a long history.
5. . impress Vt.使印象深刻；使铭记 1）impress sb.( with sth/sb.) 令人羡慕，使留下深刻印象 ①He impressed her with his sincerity.他的真诚打动了她。 ②His sincerity impressed her. 他的真诚打动了她。 ③I was deeply impressed by/with the film.这部电影给我留下了很好的印象。 2）impress (sth.) on / upon sb. 使某人铭记某事物；使某人深深意识到（重要性或严重性等） Father impressed the importance of hard work on me. = Father impressed on me the importance of hard work. 父亲使我深深意识到努力工作的重要性 impression n. 1). 印象，想法 What’s your first impression of Beijing? 你对北京的第一印象如何？ 2). make/leave a (good /deep/strong) impression (on) 留下…印象 The girl left a good impression on him. 那个女孩给他留下了很好的印象 3）have/get the impression (that ) 觉得 I get the distinct impression that we’re not wanted here. 我明显感到我们在这里是不受欢迎的。 4）（be）under the impression (that) 原以为，误以为 I’m sorry, I was under the impression that you were the manager. 对不起，我还以为你是经理呢！ impressive adj. 给人深刻印象的，感人的 “The True North” From Toronto To Montreal Step 1 Ask Ss to read the topic and ask: What two places will we go to today? Have you heard about Toronto and Montreal? Step 2 Fast reading Read fast and divide the text into two parts. Pa 1-4 Toronto Pa 5-6 Montreal Step 3 Careful reading 1.read Pa 1-4 careful and find out What is the season? How do you know?(fall red maple trees frost) places they have visited place CN Tower Niagara Falls covered stadium downtown Chinatown information tall misty cloud rose from it home of several famous basketball teams one of the three
The Pink Pearl
have good Cantonese food
2.read Pa5-6 and find out Do you find anything special in Montreal?(It’s a French city) What show that it’s a French city?(speak French signs and ads in French) Which places did they visit in Montreal? ①downtown lovely shops artists in workplaces ②St Lawrence River broad Step 4 :Fill in the blanks. Toronto is the most wealthy and biggest city in Canada. There is the tall CN Tower and the famous Niagara Falls, which is beautiful with misty cloud that rises from it. There is also covered stadium and three Chinatowns where you can get good Cantonese food. Montreal has a French culture. People speak both French and English. There were signs and ads in French. It’s nice to sit in a café, looking over the broad Stlawrence River. Step 5 language points 1.wealthy /wealth One percent of the people owned more than fifty percent of the wealth. He has earned a great deal of money and is now very wealthy. 2.not…until They worked until 5:00 P.M. and then quit. They didn’t stop working until 5:00 P.M. and then quit. 他们等着(不离开)直到雨止. They waited until the rain stopped. They didn’t leave until the rain stopped. 3.go on a tour / a trip / a visit /a picnic 4.in the distance The distance from my house to school is two blocks. A ship could be seen in the distance. It looks beautiful from a distance. 5.rise/raise Prices have risen quickly. He raised his voice and shouted at the boy. He rose from his chair when the door bell rang. I was raised by my aunt. 6.downtown He works in a downtown office.
Let’s go downtown today. 7.as far as A young girl like her can only go as far as the river side. As far as I know, Toronto is a beautiful city. 8.It’s about four hundred kilometers northeast of Toronto… 我们学校位于公园南面 500 米处. Our school is 500 metres south of the park. 塔位于城市东南 1000 米处 The tower is 1000 metres southeast of the city. 9.at dawn at daybreak at sunrise at sunset at noon at dusk at night at midnight 10.in small letters 用.以 He expressed his idea in simple English. A message was written in pencil. He paid me in dollars. The room is painted in bright colours. 11.be close to get close to 12.Montreal is a city with wonderful restaurants and clubs. 有条小溪,两边都是树. There was a little stream with green grass and big trees on both sides. 这是个明亮的房间,金黄色的地板,粉红色的窗帘. It’s a bright room with golden floor and pink curtains. 13.as A look of surprise came into her eyes as she read the message. As she sang, the tears ran down her cheeks. Step 6 Fill in the blanks. Last year, we went on a tour to WangShan. In the distance, we can see misty cloud rise among mountains. We climb as high as we can and look down from the top. The next morning, we got up at dawn to watch sunrise in the place which is 800 metres north of our hotel. WangShan is a place with wonderful sceneries. Step 7 Let students introduce Toronto and Montreal. Step 8 Ask students to introduce Taizhou, using words and phrases from the text. Then write it down.