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2011-2013嘉定高三一模卷选词填空


Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. general F. Similarly B.

perform G. picking up C. detail H. Consequently D. focusing I. ability E. familiar J. maintain

There is no doubt that people and even highly educated adults vary greatly in the speed and efficiency of their reading. Some proceed very slowly throughout; others dash along too quickly and then have to go back. Poor readers in particular may lack the ___41___ to vary their pace in reading. A great reader can move at great speed through the text of a novel or ___42___ light reading materials. He may be able to skim a page, ___43___ a word or two here and there, and gain a ___44___ idea what the text is about without really reading it. In reading more difficult materials, with the intension of taking in the whole of it, he proceeds more slowly, but even then he will vary his pace, ___45___ on the key words and passages and pass more quickly over the remainder. A less efficient reader, however, tends to ___46___ the same speed whatever materials he reads. ___47___, even light reading materials require special concentration at difficult points. A type of reading which requires careful attention to ___48___ is proofreading (校对), in which the reader, in order to detect misprints in a sample print, has to notice not so much the meaning of what he reads. This is extremely difficult for most people, since they are accustomed to overlooking such details. In fact, extreme practice is required to __49___ this task efficiently and it can be done only by reading very slowly, and by paying comparatively little attention to the general meaning on the text.

Section B
Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. concerned F. nationally B. estimated G. assumed C. purposes H. private D. intentional I. interest E. result J. completely

By now you know that getting your money’s worth is not just a matter of luck. It is more often the 41 of buying skill. Nevertheless, even the smartest consumers are sometimes fooled into thinking they are getting their money’s worth when they are not. At one time or another, almost everyone experiences deception (欺骗) the market place. The deception may not in be 42 . But, whether or not, any kind of deception hurts consumers’ feelings as well as their pocket books. Some kinds of deception even endanger their health and safety as well. Obviously, consumers need protection against the marketing of unsafe goods and false or misleading advertising. Fortunately, there are both public and 43 agencies working to meet the need. Government’s job in free enterprise system is to protect the public 44 . The public is composed entirely of consumers. When it comes to protecting consumers, therefore, government has the most influence. Because most consumer products are sold 45 , the major responsibility for consumer protection is 46 by federal government. That responsibility, however, is shared by many agencies. For example, the US Postal Service works to uncover and stop dishonest schemes operated by mail. The National Highway Safety Bureau is 47 with all aspects of automobile safety. Certain federal agencies, however, have

consumer protection as one of their chief 48 . Most federal agencies are known by their initials. FDA stands for the Food and Drug Administration, which probably does more to protect consumers than any other agency. Its major concern is the safety, purity, and labeling of foods, drugs, and cosmetics. These are the products for which consumers spends a(n) 49 38% of their incomes.

Section B
Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. losing F. regularly B. influence G. attracted C. original H. convincing D. identified I. carefully E. future J. process

Some people are happy to believe in ESP (超感官知觉) while others are firm disbelievers. Parapsychologists (灵学专家), who lend a certain seriousness to the subject, have 41 four types of ESP: One type called clairvoyance describes the act of being able to obtain knowledge of a person or event without the use of the normal senses; Another type, telepathy, is the 42 by which a person is able to read another person’s thoughts without the use of any of the normal senses; Still another type, psychogenesis, is the ability to 43 a physical object just by thinking about it; The last type, precognition, is the term applied when somebody is able to foresee 44 events. Over the years there have been many ESP experiments conducted by serious scientists in serious institutions. Joseph Banks Rhine, a botanist at Duke University published a famous book in 1934 called " Extra-Sensory Perception" in which he claimed to have overwhelming(压倒的)evidence of ESP. However, other scientists have been unable to repeat his results exactly in the same way, which has resulted in the book 45 much of its original reliability. The Granzfield experiments are considered to have been the most 46 examined ESP experiments. The experimenters had their eyes covered and ears blocked while a "sender" attempted to transmit messages. Later the experimenters would compare the messages received to the 47 messages sent out. There was a great deal of excitement and interest at the time but the research failed to produce 48 results. Human beings are 49 to the supernatural phenomena. ESP will always continue to fascinate human beings. Some of the most successful films in recent years have fuelled interest among the younger generations who are starting to ask the same questions and to look for explanations for the same phenomena as their parents and grandparents before them. Who knows? One day we might just find these answers because one thing is certain, “The truth is out there!"


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