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Version 99 (G) Young people like shopping in their spare time. Some people think young people should spend time learning useful things. What do you think? Give specific examples. Shopping, a way of relaxation and entertainment, is a favorite for most young people. On weekends, there are seas of people ambling (vi.缓行) from one boutique (n.专卖店) to another, looking for their necessities or just window shopping. From my point of view, shopping benefit people in many aspects. Shopping can make people fully aware of the new commodities in the market. As the economic development accelerates, new products come to the market every day in the economic boom. Customers have much more options than before. They can go to the department stores to seek for anything they have been longing for, big or small, cheap or expensive, fashionable or traditional. The pleasure of shopping is not the moment you get what you want, but the process of walking, looking for and finding. However, young people should not spend all their spare time on shopping. They have to learn something, because we are in an era of information explosion. If we cannot update our knowledge, we will be out of fashion and lag (v.落后) far behind the others. There are a lot of useful things to learn in one’s spare time. Reading is one of the best choices. People get most knowledge from books. A good book is like a close friend and a tutor. People can be enlightened by the ideas in the book and get valuable suggestions. Besides reading, people can get knowledge on TV, Internet and other media. In brief, I am not opposing to shopping in one’s spare time. The point is people should find a balance between shopping and studying, because our society is developing so rapidly that young people must work and study hard to fit in with the rhythm of the society. (285 words) Task 2 Some people believe that bicycle is the best way to travel from one place to another. Please talk about the advantages and disadvantages of bicycle. Bicycle, the most important transportation tool before the invention of automobiles, plays a significant role in human civilization and social progress. Some people predict that bicycle will retreat (v.撤退) from people’s life in the near future. As for me, the case will never occur, for bicycle brings about a lot of advantages to us. Firstly, bicycle is still used as an important transportation tool in the modern society, because it is amiable (亲切的) environmentally. Air pollution is an acute (敏锐的) problem confronting scientists and environmentalists. Compared with cars and other fuel-consuming transportation tools, bicycle doesn’t give off noise and exhaust gas. Besides, bicycle doesn’t use any natural resources, which become scarce on our planet. Secondly, bicycle doesn’t exert pressure on the traffic in large cities. The wide use of automobiles not only leads to traffic jams, but also needs a lot of parking space. Human activities make cities more and more crowded. The limitation of space has become a serious restriction for urban development. Bicycle can save a lot of space, which can be used for economic development. Finally, riding bicycle is also a good way of physical exercise. Modern people are vulnerable (易受攻击的) to many diseases, which are resulted from lack of sports and exercises. Riding bicycle can strengthen people’s muscle and build up the body. However, the disadvantages of bicycle should not be neglected. People have a preference to car or plane over bicycle, because car and plane can shorten the distance between two places and save people a lot of valuable time. Scientists should make efforts to innovate the construction and technology of bicycle, making it as favorite as it was before. (271 words)

Task2: In the past people thought that education was only for young people. Now, it is believed that education is for a person’s whole life. Do you agree? State with you own experience and specific details. Education is an indispensable part in a person’s life. It illuminates human knowledge and culture, improving the development of sicience and technology. Education is not only for young people, it should be proceeding in people’s whole life. Children begin to receive education at an early age in the kindergarten (幼儿园), where they could learn some basic knowledge about our nature and acquire some living skills. When they go to primary schools and secondary schools, they study mathematics, language, physics and other subjects, which are foundamental and essential for their further study and education. When they go to university, they can study the subjects which they are interested in, making preparation for their future career. University is a place where most learned people carry out research and study. There students have seas of knowledge and skills to learn. But university education is not the terminal of a person’s study life. For one reason, our society is developing at an amazing speed along with the improvement of science and technology. If people stop studying after graducation from university, they can not keep abreast (并肩的) with the steps of social development and easy to be eliminated in the fierce competition. Take the development of IT as an example. The dazzling (眼花缭乱的) information technologies come to the fore every day. If a person does not learn the latest knowledge, they would not be able to develop new technology and products. Therefore, a person should learn new knowledge for the whole life. As the saying goes, “Never too late to learn”. To fit in with the development of society, a person must study during his whole life. Otherwise, he will lag far behind the others. (277 words) V103 G Should people spend much money and energy on their appearance and clothes? Appearance is important for every person. A good appearance can give people a deep impression and make conversion become easier. Smart (漂亮的,潇洒的) clothes can make a person confident and deserve respect from your partners and competitors. There is no doubt that the pursuit of beauty is our nature and humanity (人性). Everyone wants to display the best side of himself. For instance, an elegant fashion and decent (端庄的) demeanor (风度) embody one’s confidence in business negotiation. Furthermore, fashion now has already become a flourishing (繁荣的) industry, which contributes a lot to the economy and society, offering many job opportunities. The development of fashion promotes the prosperity and progress of the garment industry. However, we must not lose sight of the demerits of the pursuit of appearance and colthes. Things that enjoy popularity are not necessarily good things. Aimless pursuit of appearance only makes one waste time and money. If a student care too much about his clothes, he will be astray (误入歧途的) from his study and be addicted to fashion pursuit. Besides, some fashion designs only focus on styles, ignoring the appropriateness and comfortability. Years ago, mini-skirt was so populous that many people follow suit. Actually, mini-skirts are not suitable in offices, schools and other public places. Therefore, a mature and rational person should have ideas of one's own and should never be led by the nose. People should give priority to the development of characters and personalities. In a word, we do not deny that the love of beauty is an essential part of human nature. Variety adds spice (情趣) to life. A world without fashion is unimaginable. However, we should take a more critical attitude towards the pursuit of appearance and clothes. We shall never be slaves of fashion. The principle of dressing we shall hold on to is to be neat, tidy, clean, decent and convenient. (301 words)


Some people say that people have the freedom to use tobacco. Other people argue that it should be illegalized as other drugs. What is your position? Tobacco, a magic plant originating in Mexico and now grown in many countries, has led to many people’s death since its discovery. First found as an effective drug to relieve pains, tobacco became very overwhelmingly popular worldwide. While modern medical research proves that it is a plant, which is devouring people’s body and soul. Statistics from the World Health Organization show that millions of people die from lung cancer, heart attacks and blood diseases, all of which are caused by smoking, the only product made from tobacco. Further study into the pathology reveals that smoking has become number one killer of human beings, for smoke can give off a kind of chemical, nicotine, which is immensely harmful to human health. Experiments show that the nicotine contained in one cigarette can kill four rabbits at one time. People can imagine how harmful tobacco is. Smoking not only causes harm to the smoker, but also to the people who smoke passively. In addition to the physical erosion, tobacco is easy for people to be addicted to. That is the reason why many people fail to stop smoking even though they are fully aware of the menace engendered by tobacco. Taking into account of the threats mentioned above, many experts suggest that the use of tobacco should be restricted as strictly as other drugs. For instance, in some countries, dealers are not allowed to sell cigarettes to the people under the age of 18, which is a good attempt to prohibit smoking and reduce the harm to people’s health. Nevertheless, it is not an easy job to eradicate smoking because the growth of tobacco and its product-cigarette, are extremely profitable. However, an efficient government should not take revenue as its only purpose if high revenue is purchased at the loss of people’s health. (300 words) Some people believe that students who want to go to university after graduation from high school should have about one year’s time to get a job to obtain work experience or have a travel to enlarge their knowledge. What’s your opinion? Experience, which is thought to be essential for a person’s future career, becomes more and more important in the current society. To accumulate sufficient experience and adequate knowledge, many students work in vacations or travel around in the hope that they can fit in with the ever-changing society after graduation. As for me, this is adoptable and practical. In the first place, students graduating from high school can take the advantage of travel and work to widen their horizons and have new experience. Confined to book study, students have little knowledge of the nature, which abounds in many fascinating things to be exploited. Ambling around in the nature, students can make a lot of discoveries, which are not mentioned in the textbooks or in the classroom. In the second place, travel and work can help cultivate students’ ability to deal with difficulties and shape their personalities. As the saying goes, “No pains, no gains”. During travel or work, students have to work hard to solve the problems facing them. And sometimes, they have to endure hardship and overcome the roughs in their work and travel. Nevertheless, nurtured in a well-off environment, students in the modern society are spoiled by their families and teachers. Difficulties can build up one’s perseverance and patience, which are the decisive factors leading to success. Finally, travel and work can arouse students’ interest of study. Thus, students can be aware of what they want to learn when enrolled in universities. Interest and curiosity are the driving force for students to pursue study. With an aim ahead, students will work more diligently and dedicatedly. To sum up, travel and work play an important role in students’ development, for our society needs the talents with not only solid theory foundation, but also rich experience. (296 words)

Version 108 The gap of living in cities and the countryside is larger and larger. What are the reasons in your country and how to reduce the differences? As the step of economic development accelerates, the gap between the city and the countryside becomes more and more overt, which arouses colossal concerns. Take a further look at the phenomenon, there are three major causes. Firstly, the insufficiency of investment in the rural areas accounts mainly for the issue. China, for example, covers a very large area. Due to the emphasis on the development in the coastal areas, the government devotes more investment in the large cities, such as Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou. The investment, undoubtedly, is repaid by the threefold increase of economy and commerce in these cities. However, this is not the case in the rural areas and the western regions. The lack of investment barriers the productivity and economic development and sharpens the gap between the city and the countryside. Secondly, the low education level in the rural areas contributes partly to the gap of living. Education is the prime force of productivity. Keeping this in mind, many countries and governments give priority to the development of education. China’s education witnessed a rapid growth in the past decade. However, the education level in the countryside still keeps very low. The enrollment of primary schools and secondary schools is much lower compared with the advanced regions, not to mention the developed countries in the world. Without good education, the development of economy and technology would be a dream difficult to be realized. Finally, the influx of migrant workers to the cities from the countryside deteriorates the undeveloped condition in the rural areas. The life style in the urban areas is very attractive to the people in the countryside. To seek more working opportunities, many people abandon the fertile lands and leave them uncultivated. If the situation continues, it will lead to serious unbalance of economic and regional development. To sum up, only when the government renders more concerns over the issue, can the gap between the cities and the countryside be bridged. (325 words)


Computer is widely used in education,and some people think teachers are not playing an important role in the classroom . To what extend do you agree? Computer, as the most powerful tool in the information age, is widely applied in people’s work, study and daily life. A growing number of people think optimistically that computer will replace teachers in the classroom and play the leading role in study. As far as I am concerned, it will not take the place of teachers now and for good. One of the main reasons is that computer works pursuant to the prescribed programs. It cannot work creatively and solve the queries from students. Suppose a new problem arises in study, computer will be at a loss and unable to explain the questions put forward by students. Although there is good news about the international chess games between computer and human beings, computer will never win because it is only a product of human intelligence. Another reason is that computer cannot express feelings and emotions in communication. Communication plays an important role not only in constructing personal relations, but also in understanding each other clearly. Study is not a mere process of acquiring knowledge. It is, more important, an indispensable sector for people to communicate with each other and build interpersonal relations. Without feeling, everybody would become a cold creature and make the world unbearable. Last but not least, computer cannot take the place of teachers to organize teaching activities and keep good order in the classroom. A good organizer can activate the atmosphere of study, triggering students’ study interest. In addition, study can only proceed in the circumstance of good order. Otherwise, the classroom will become meaningless. In brief, computer plays a role in students’ study. But it will never take the place of teachers in the classroom, for computer is a tool after all, which has many disadvantages. (290 words) What are the reasons for the loss of a vatiety of language and culture? Culture diversity is diminishing owing to the immense impact of western culture and the popularity of dominant languages such as English. Many governments and countries are much concerned about it. From my point of view, this phenomenon is caused by the following influential factors. Firstly, the wide use of English contributes mainly to the issue. Switching on TV, Hollywood movies force into your eyes; turning on the radio, English broadcasting programs echo by your ears; surfing on the Internet, the English information and articles dizzy your eyes. We are surprised to find that English has infiltrated into every aspect of our life. The over-use of English makes other languages, especially those of the minority regions, degraded and disappear from the earth gradually. Secondly, cultural invasion accounts partly for the disappearance of other cultures. Due to the acceleration of globalization, western culture and life style is accepted by an increasing number of people. For instance, McDonald’s, a popular fast food, is widely welcomed worldwide. In addition, western music, fashion style, entertainment and way of thinking are becoming more and more popular. By contrast, local culture is overlooked and assimilated. The last factor is that many governments put emphasis on economic development, neglecting the cultural construction and paying little attention to the protection of the endangered cultures and languages. To change the present situation, personally, I think the government should enhance the awareness of cultural protection, taking effective measures to raise funds for the protection of cultures and languages. Furthermore, the government should strengthen the education of its history and culture, which can make people learn the merits of their culture and language. Only in this way, can the culture and language be preserved and make our world diversified. (287 words)

Which plays the major role in the development of personality of children, nature or nurture? The development of the personality of children is decided by many factors. There is a heated debate over which factor plays the major role, nature or nurture. As for me, both factors are crucial to the development of children’s personalities. Genetic science discloses that characters and personalities have close relation with the genetic characteristics of a person. Thanks to the subtle differences of genes, people demonstrate their peculiar characters. For instance, some people are born introvert or extrovert; some people are endowed with the gift of music or painting. Psychologists notice that blood styles also contribute to the differences of people’s temper. Of course, nature is not the only factor deciding on one’s personalities. Nurture, from my point of view, is more important for the shaping of one’s characters and personalities. Michael Jackson, the greatest singer in the world, was very shy when he was young. He often hid himself behind someone else when reporters interviewed with him. The nominees of Oscar Award are not born artists. Most of them attribute their success to the study and training. When Einstein was asked by journalists what was the key to success, he answered, “Success comes from ninety nine percent of hard work plus one percent of inspiration”. There is a famous Chinese story about Zhong Yong, a boy who was talented in writing poems but ended up to be a normal person when he grew old, because he never studied. Innumerable examples show that nurture, rather than nature, is the decisive factor influencing people’s personality and success. In short, nature and nurture are both important to people’s characters and personalities. Nature without nurture makes one a no-man; and nurture without nature is like an ingenious tailor without cloth. (286 words) Version 112 Some people think that companies should encourage the old people above the age of 55 to retire, so as to give opportunities to the young people. Do you agree? Modern society witnessed remarkable changes over the past decades due to the updating of science and information technology. Many young people have taken the place of the old ones and gained political and financial power in the world. From my point of view, the proposal is beneficial for both the society and young people. (54 words) Young people are energetic and vigorous. Most of them have received formal education in university, where they acquired abundant knowledge and experience, which are quite essential to their future career. Young leaders and powers can inject vigor and new hopes to the world, which not only benefits the development of global economy, but also establishes multi-lateral relation between the countries in the world. Compared with young people, old people's knowledge is out-dated, which does not fit in with the development of the current society. Old people react more slowly than young people, who can always make quick judges and prompt decisions. Furthermore, young people are more open-minded than old people who have a tendency of conservation. Therefore, young people can adapt themselves to the changeable world more easily. (128 words) Nevertheless, I am not to deny the virtues and merits demonstrated on the senior people. Old people accumulated rich social and working experience during their career. They have made great contributions to the development of the society and set up a model for the young to follow. Their wit in dealing with sophisticated problems and complex relations is enlightening to the young people, who should learn modestly from old people. Old people can also enjoy a peaceful and relaxing life in retirement. (70 words) To make it brief, old people should offer young guys opportunities to practice their abilities and talents. At the same time, young people should learn from old ones in a humble manner. (284 words)

Some people think that university should not provide theoretical knowledge but to give practical training, which benefits the society. Do you agree or disagree? Modern society needs talents with not only theoretical knowledge but also practical experience. Theoretical knowledge serves for the scientific research, which pushes forward the development of technology; and practical knowledge provides empirical experience and contributes to the social development. From my point of view, both theoretical knowledge and practical courses should be given equal priority in university. Theoretical courses are the basic subjects to be taught in university in the knowledge-oriented society. The development of computer science illuminates the importance of theoretical knowledge. Modern people witnessed dizzy development of computer technology in the past decade. People are often amazed by computer’s powerful and magical functions. Without theoretical knowledge, the development of computer science will be impossible and our efforts will be in vain. It is theoretical knowledge that drives the development of technology. Likewise, university should also teach students practical courses, which make the realization of theories possible. Otherwise, theories would never be testified. Mankind dreamed of flying in the sky as freely as birds long time ago. Without those brave antecessors, the dream would have never come true. Human civilization proceeds along the way of practicing and theorizing. Only by means of practice can theories step out of the shadow of virtual reality and serve people and society. Theory is the basis of technology, in return, makes theory escalated. To make it simple, theory without practice is like a fertile land bearing nothing; and technology without theory is like a seed without soil. Only when theory and practice merge perfectly, can a theory last long and a technology stands everlasting. To be a versatile man, this is also the case. (272 words) Version 117 Some people believe that children should learn how to compete, but some other people argue that children should be taught to cooperate. What do you think? Competition plays a crucial role in social development, especially in the ever-competitive society. However, competition without cooperation can never lead one to the road to success. As far as I am concerned, competition and cooperation are just like a twin, who liaises close with each other. Competition is the driving force of social progress. Without competition, human civilization would stand still and even retreat to the barbarian age. Athletic development exemplifies a vivid illustration to us. Sports are highly competitive and that is the reason why sports are beloved by the people in the whole world. Every trial of athletes is a challenge not only to the former record setter, but also to the challenger himself. This is also true to technological development. Competition makes new technology emerge constantly, accelerating the development of human science and new products go into people’s life. However, competition alone cannot make so many achievements without cooperation, because cooperation can concentrate people’s knowledge and intelligence on one problem and the idea of different people is enlightening to the others. Genetic approach went through rapid progress only in the recent years. There are many countries involved in the research program, such as USA, Japan, Germany, China and so on. Without cooperation, the development of genetic research will not be so progressive. Take sports as another example. A good football team not only needs competitive competence, but also cooperative spirit. Without cooperation, any team cannot be successful. To sum up, competition and cooperation are both essential to the society and a person’s success. Without competition, there will be no motivation; and without cooperation, any individual effort will be in vain. (273 words)

Version 119 Universities should accept equal numbers of male and female study in every subject. Do you agree or disagree. University, a place disseminating knowledge and illuminating people’s mind, renders people opportunities to further their study and cultivate their capabilities. Some people propose that university should enroll equal number of male and female students in every subject. From my point of view, this is not only impractical, but also unfeasible. On the one hand, different students have their own research interest and study focus, which decide on their career and success. If university enroll equal number of male and female students regardless their interest, the students will lose their motivation and aspiration of study. If a talented writer is forced to study mathematics, for instance, he will not become a good mathematician, nor an excellent writer. In this sense, university should consider students’ study interest instead of pursuing equal number of males and females in one subject. On the other hand, different subjects have their own characteristics. For example, histories make men wise; poets, witty; mathematics, subtle; natural philosophy, deep; moral, grave; logic and rhetoric, able to contend. It is common that most students in science and engineering are males, while the majority of students in nursing and education are females. Some jobs, such as navigating a boat, plying a plane and working in extreme circumstances, are more suitable for males, for males have higher ability to endure hardship. Likewise, some positions become females only, such as, nurses, baby-sitters, secretaries, assistants, textile workers and so on. If university enrollment ignores the differences in sex, a person cannot perform properly in their position. In conclusion, it is not a good idea for university to enroll equal number of male and female students, because the characteristics of subjects differ from each other and students have their right to choose the subject they are interested in. (293 words) Version 120 What are the purposes of places such as museums and how should they be funded? Museums illuminate the culture, history and arts of the world. Every country and government spare no effort or money to enrich the collection of museums to cater for different tastes or needs of people, for the benefit of the present and future generations. There are bounteous museums all over the world. The British Museum, which is maybe the largest one in the world, provides visitors with all-round knowledge about the world culture and arts. The visitors to the museum are all overwhelmed by the magnificence of the culture and history of mankind. If one wants to know about the development of human science and industry, he can have a tour to The Museum of Science and Industry located in Chicago, the United States, where a detailed scientific progress is presented vividly. You cannot miss every achievement human beings have made in history and you are sure to be shocked by the civilization of our forefathers created. If one wants to have a browse of the important events in the past, American Museum of Photography is the best choice. It abounds in precious historical pictures and gives visitors unforgettable memory. Apart from the state-owned museums, there are also innumerable private museums whose purpose is to exhibit their cherished collection and popularize knowledge. With a view to giving people updated information and rendering them a more detailed overview, many countries invest a great deal of money in the foundation of museums, because museums disseminate human knowledge and culture, which are more significant for the development of the young generation. Besides, entrepreneurs and individuals should also lay a fund for the improvement and rebuild of museums. The prosperity of human culture is not only the responsibility of the government, but also the responsibility of every individual and organization. (295 words)


Version 121 Some people think visitors to others countries should imitate local customs and behaviors. Some people disagree; they think the host country should welcome culture difference. What is your opinion? Cultural diversity is a very fascinating phenomenon in every country. People from different countries and cultural backgrounds not only show the charms of their own cultures, but also make the world culture diversified and prosperous. However, culture difference sometimes causes much trouble for people to get equal career opportunities and inconvenience to their work and life. First of all, the visitors’ compliance with local culture shows respect to the host country and people and maintains a good order in the local society. Take traffic regulations as an example. In some countries like Britain, pedestrians and drivers must walk or drive on the left side of the road. The case is just the opposite in China or some others countries where people must abide by the rule to walk on the right side. If people neglect the difference, the traffic will be in chaos. Besides the differences of rules and regulations, the laws in every country also keep different. Therefore, the visitors should be fully aware of the details of host country’s laws, so as to avoid unnecessary disputes and trouble. Furthermore, the visitors to other countries can have exotic experience of different cultures, enlarging their knowledge and widening their horizons. Culture diversity makes our world colorful. Better understanding of foreign cultures also contributes a great deal to the exchange of different cultures. Nevertheless, we should also endeavor to keep our own culture and customs. Due to the popularity of English, people around the world use it in their work or everyday life. Consequently, some cultures in the minority regions or undeveloped countries are disappearing from the earth. Western culture is causing unprecedented erosion of the cultural diversity as well as the languages. Therefore, every government should be alerted to conserve the flourishing of its culture. To sum up, the differences between cultures should be preserved and carefully maintained. Meanwhile, visitors in foreign countries should comply with the local culture and custom, so as to be identified by the host country. (330 words)




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