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2016高考英语-阅读七选五集训(十四)


【多维精练】2016 高考英语-阅读七选五集训(十四)
【多维精练】第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Passage 1 College applications are submitted, and for some, it’ s time for interviews. 36 You might be pleasantly surprised to find that many college admissions staffers today are young, multicultural, and far from cranky. Colleges want you to like them, even if they don’ t accept you. So the interview is not a test. Here are some tips for you. Control the conversation. The more the student can make the interview a conversation, not a question-answer session, the more success they are likely to have. 37 Prepare, but don’ t recite your answers. You can prepare for some questions, including:―Tell us about yourself.‖ ―What do you think has been your biggest achievement or contribution to your high school or your community?‖ ―Why do you want to attend our school?‖ 38 39 Seems a little silly to even mention this, but students unknowingly put themselves out of the selection for reasons including: not turning off their cell phones, arriving late, dressing inappropriately, behaving rudely, making a bad first impression by slouching(无精打采) ,chewing gum, acting disinterested, and so on. Follow up. 40 Be sure to mention something discussed in the interview. If you are still interested in attending, show your enthusiasm in the note. A. Be respectful. B. Send a thank-you note to the interviewer. C. The best way to do that is to be honest and share your personality. D. Be interested. E. The first thing to do is to get rid of the image of the elderly, strange admissions person. F. After the interview, you may telephone the missions person. G. Think about these questions, practice responding, and get feedback from someone you trust.

Passage 2 If you're looking for a challenging situation to practice your English, pick up the phone. Not being able to see the other person and the body language can make the chatting difficult. __16__ Here are some tips to guide you through an average phone conversation in English. 1.Greetings Every phone call should begin with a polite greeting such as ―Hi, how've you been?‖ or ―Nice to hear from

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you‖. Even if you're calling a business contact for a specific purpose, it'd be rude to jump right into business. __17__ 2.Getting to the point There always comes the point where you want to move on from friendly chatting and get down to business. What should you do in this situation? __18__ However, if you are waiting to find out why someone called you, you can guide the conversation by saying ―So what can I do for you?‖ 3.Interrupting without offence Sometimes you may happen to be speaking with a very talkative person. __19__ Keep in mind when you'd like to interrupt, and be sure to do it politely. For example, begin with ―I'd like to say something here‖. 4.Closing the call This can be the trickiest part of the conversation! It may be the time to offer good wishes if it's appropriate. __20__ Sometimes it's easiest to just say you enjoyed speaking to the other person. Also remember cleverly saying the word well at the beginning of a sentence can indicate you're ready to end the conversation. A.Use the phrase ―I'm just calling to...‖ to change to the topic at hand. B.Additionally, you may want to confirm any plans you've made. C.You should make a little small talk at the beginning. D.You'd better greet him or her in a friendly way. E.So it may be difficult to get a word in. F.Practice English through phone calls. G.Never fear, though!

Passage 3 No matter what type of business you run, it has to deal with things that go wrong from your customer’s point of view. Complaints can be a great source of information for organizations to make corrections as well as further improvements. __36__. ▲ You should listen actively to what the customer has to say by maintaining comfortable eye contact. __37__. ▲ __38__.It’s important for you to know that your apology must appear sincere to the customer, and not an empty excuse. And also you should show the customer you’ve accepted the responsibility and provide him with choices or assure the customer you’ll do something about his complaint. ▲ Talk with the client and discover the best means to resolve his problem. __39__In this case it’s important to let your customer know an estimation(估计) of how long it will take to take action on his complaint. ▲ A simple ―thank you‖ is one way to let the customer know you appreciate the time and effort they’ve taken to inform you about a problem with your company’s service or product that you need to know about. ▲ Create a procedure for recording different types of customer complaints. __40__.

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A. Listen to your customer’s complaints and you can improve your service. B. There will be times when you’ll be unable to resolve the issue immediately. C. When receiving a complaint, you should apologize for the failure the customer has identified. D. They are a valuable source of information to determine various root causes that need to be addressed within your company. E. So it’s important to learn to deal with customer complaints efficiently. F. Don’t feel ashamed of the failure in your service or products. G. You should also show your customer that you do understand him by giving full attention.

Passage 4 A new report says plastics are responsible for $13 billion in damage to the oceans and the undersea environment. The findings were announced recently at a United Nations conference. Plastic thrown away carelessly makes its way into rivers and other waterways. 16 17 After a while, it

collects in the sea. And plastic never goes away. Plastic is not biodegradable—destroyed by bacteria or natural processes. Instead, it just breaks up into smaller pieces over time. The oceans contain a lot of chemicals and other pollutants. 18 That means harmful material may get into our food supply.

19 Human beings cause pollution and they can take steps to stop it. They can use fewer single use product containers and throw plastics away correctly. Plastic recycling programs also works—where old bottles and other plastics are collected, broken down and used to make new products. We could reuse bottles in our households many times if we wish to, rather than end it after the first use. We could, when we get rid of that plastic, recycle it and reuse it, which replaces the need for raw materials. The report also calls on companies to improve methods for using plastics. 20 And it calls for information

about the way plastic is thrown out or removed from use. By putting a new value on plastic, industry has a special reason to clean up the environment. But all of the companies must join to deal with the problem. A. The plastic eventually reaches coastal areas and ocean waters. B. But people can make a big difference. C. Plastics should be gathered together and reused. D. Then, fish may eat the plastics. E. It is convenient to use plastic bags in everyday life. F. It asks for them to better measure and direct plastic use. G. The report tells about harm to sea life and what might be done to improve the situation.

Passage 5

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Learn How to Make a Great First Impression With every new encounter (会面), you have just a few seconds to make a good first impression and it’s almost impossible ever to change it. Be on time Someone you are meeting for the first time is not interested in your ―good excuse‖ for running late. Plan to arrive a few minutes early. creating a great first impression. 38 If you are feeling uncomfortable and on edge, this can make the other person ill at ease and that’s a sure way to create the wrong impression. If you are calm and confident, then the other person will feel more at ease. So have a firm foundation for making that first impression a good one. Present yourself appropriately 39 They say a picture is worth a thousand words, and so the ―picture‖ you first present says much 37 Arriving early is much better than arriving late, and is the first step in 36 This article provides some useful tips to help you do this.

about you to the person you are meeting. Is your appearance saying the right things to help create the right first impression? Appropriate dressing and grooming (仪表) help make a good first impression and also help you feel ―the part‖, and therefore feel more calm and confident. 40 A. Be open and confident B. Be yourself, be at ease C. Of course physical appearance matters. D. So it’s worth giving each new encounter your best shot. E. Add them all up and you are well on your way to a good first impression. F. And allow flexibility for possible delays in traffic or taking a wrong turn. G. Much of what you need to do to make a good impression is common sense. Passage 6 ―As easy as falling off a log(圆木)‖ is often used to describes a job that does not take much effort. 36 It is easier to fall off the log than to stay on it. you might hear a student say to her friend that her spelling

test was ―as easy as falling off a log.‖ 37 . And their meaning is as easy to understand as ―falling off a log.‖ One is, ―easy as pie‖. Nothing is easier

than eating a piece of sweet, juicy pie. Unless it is a ―piece of cake." Another expression is ―as easy as shooting fish in a barrel.‖ It is hard to imagine why anyone would want to shoot fish in a barrel. But, clearly, fish in a barrel would be much easier to shoot than fish in a stream. 38 .

Sometimes, things that come to us easily, also leave us just as easily. In fact, there is an expression – ―easy come, easy go‖ – that recognizes this. 39 .Easy come, easy go.

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When life itself is easy, when you have no cares or problems, you are on ―Easy Street.‖ Everyone wants to live on that imaginary street. 40 . It means to treat a person kindly or gently, especially in a situation where you might be expected to be

angry with him. A wife might urge her husband to ―go easy on‖ their son, because the boy did not mean to wreck the car. And one last expression, one that means do not worry or work too hard. Try to keep away from difficult situations. ―Take it easy‖ until we meet again.21 教育网 A. If you ever tried to walk on a fallen tree log, you will understand what the expression means. B. You may win a lot of money in a lottery(彩票), then spend it all in a few days. C. Every people has its own way of saying things, its own special expression. D. Another ―easy‖ expression is to ―go easy on a person‖. E.There are several other expressions that mean the same thing F. This expression is really hard for us to understand. G. In fact, it would be as easy as ―falling off a log‖.

Passage 7 The benefits of keeping a journal If you want to grow, one important thing you should do is keeping a journal. It may seem simple, but it can make a big difference in your life. I have been keeping journals for years. Writing all the lessons I learn and all the ideas I get has become a habit for me. And to be honest, I can’t imagine what my life would be like without it. 36 ◆ It prevents you from losing an idea. Have you ever gotten an idea only to lose it later because you didn’t write it down? 37 But then I developed the habit of writing down every idea that came into my mind as

soon as possible. If I’m away from my computer, I usually write it down on a piece of paper that I bring wherever I go. I will then transfer the idea to the journal in my computer. ◆ It helps you review all the lessons you’ve learned. By reviewing your journal, you can quickly see the lessons you’ve learned and the ideas you’ve gotten. yourself forward. ◆ 39 After keeping a journal for years, you can look back at it and see how far you’ve gone. 38 You can use the ideas to propel (鞭策)

Things that were big problems in the past might seem small today. The raw ideas you had in the past might have been realized today. ◆ It helps you expand your ideas. When you try to come up with a sentence to express an idea, you are thinking actively about it. 40 In the end, you will expand your ideas.

A. I often experienced that myself.

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B. It trains you to express your thoughts. C. It allows you to see your progress over time. D. Just use whatever tool you feel comfortable with. E. Here are some benefits you will get by keeping a journal. F. Thinking actively helps you connect your idea to another idea. G. Then you can do whatever necessary to avoid repeating the same mistakes

2016 高考英语-阅读七选五集训(十四)答案
Passage 1:36-40 ECGAB Passage 2:16-20 GCAEB Passage 3:36-40 EGCBD Passage 4:16-20 GADBF Passage 5: 【语篇解读】本文讲述了如何能给人留下良好的第一印象。 36. D【命题立意】考查考生对上下文顺承关系的理解能力。 【试题解析】从前文中的 new encounter (会面)和 it’s almost impossible ever to change it 以及后面的 provides some useful tips to help you do this 得知, 该句起到承上启下的连接作用。 D句 里的 new encounter 与前面呼应,起到承接的逻辑关联,引出文章话题。D 句符合。 37. F【命题立意】考查考生对语篇段落相关内容的理解能力。 【试题解析】从小标题 Be on time 了解到该段主要关于准时性,作者提出应尽量提前(Arriving early) 几分钟而不是延误(delays) 。因此 F 句符合。 38. B【命题立意】考查考生对段落大意的概括能力。 【试题解析】该题处于小标题的位置。选项中符合特征的只有 A 和 B,而该段中 uncomfortable and on edge、calm 和 at ease 都说明该建议与如何令自己放松不紧张更紧密相关。所以 B 句符 合。 39. C【命题立意】考查考生对段落主题句的概括能力。 【试题解析】段首句。C 句 physical appearance matters 说明仪表外貌也十分重要。这与段落中提到的 your appearance 的细节十分贴切。故 C 句符合。 40. E【命题立意】考查考生对文章内容的总结能力。 【试题解析】文章的末尾,总结句。最后对于所给出的建议加以归纳总结。则 E 句符合。 Passage 6:36-40 AEGBD Passage 7:36 - 40 EAGCF

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