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M10U1Reading语言点


M10U1

Reading

Language points

M10U1

Reading

Language points

1. In 1985, there was little rainfall in Ethiopia, which led to p

oor harvests and ….. cattle.(L1-2) 1985 年,埃塞俄比亚几乎没有降雨,这导致收成损毁,牛畜死亡。 (1) lead to ① 通向 条条大路通罗马. ________________________________________ ②导致,造成,带来= contribute to = result in Reducing speed limits should____________________________(带来路上死 亡人数的减少). lead …to (some place) 带领…去(某地) lead… to do =cause …to do /带领导致…做 高考链接: 1. --- It took me ten years to build up my business, and it almost killed me. --- Well, you know what they say. _________. A. There is no smoke without fire B. Practice makes perfect C. All roads lead to Rome D. No pains, no gains 2. Once a decision has been made , all of us should it . A.direct to B.stick to C.lead to D.refer to (2) cattle 用作复数的集体名词 It seems the cattle on the sides of the dikes ______ (be) the only living creatures in these desolate surroundings. people, police, cattle, goods 作主语时,谓语用复数. The people in the city are very friendly. The police are searching for the murderer. The cattle are grazing near the river. All the goods have arrived. 2. The concert took place on 13 July 1985 in two places—London and Philadelphia—and included the biggest stars of the time.(L4-6) 1985 年 7 月 13 日, 音乐会在伦敦和费城两地举行,出席者包括了当时最红的巨星。 take place 发生,举行 [词义辨析] take place, happen, occur, come about 和 break out 用法区别 这些词或短语都有“发生”的意思,但用法各不相同,区别如下: (1). take place 表示“发生、举行、举办”,一般指非偶然性事件的“发生”,即这种 事件的发生一定有某种原因或事先的安排,例如: The Olympic Games of 2008 will take place in Beijing. (2) .happen 作“发生、碰巧”解,一般用于偶然或突发性事件,例如: What happened to you? (一般不说:What did you happen?) Maybe something unexpected happened. (3). occur 作“发生、想到、突然想起”解,其意义相当于 happen,例如:
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M10U1

Reading

Language points

A big earthquake occurred (=happened) in the south of China last month. (4). come about 表示“发生、产生”,多指事情已经发生了,但还不知道为什么, 常用于疑问句和否定句,例如: When Mother woke up, she didn’t know what had come about. (5). break out 意思为“发生、爆发”,常指战争、灾难、疾病或者争吵等事件的发 生,也可以 表示突然大声叫喊等,例如: Two world wars broke out last century. E.g: (1) After the flood, diseases ____________ here and there. (2) I ______________ see him on my way home. = ________________ I saw him on my way home. (3) It ______________ me that she didn’t know I had moved into the new house. (4) I’ll never understand how it ___________ that you were late three times a week. (5) Great changes ___________________ in our hometown during the past ten years. place 常用短语 in place 在通常的位置,在适当的位置 in place of 代替 out of place 在错误的位置;在不适当的位置 take the place of sb.= take one’s place 代替,替代 3. Geldof intended the concert to raise money for hunger relief……(L6) intend v. (1) sb. intend to do sth. 打算做某事 I ____________________(本打算) last night but it rained. (2) sb. intend sb. to do sth. = sb. be intended to do sth. =sb. intend that … 打算 让某人做某事 They ______________________ take over the company. =Their son ____________________ take over the company. =____________________ their son will take over the company. (3) sb. intend sth. for sb. = sth. be intended for sb. ①Tom intended the flowers for his mother as a gift in honor of his mother. . =The flowers _________________ his mother as a gift in honor of his mother. . ② The joke, ______ (intend) to please the audience, turned out to be very boring. 4. The concert also made the headlines around the world, and put great pressure on…… (L9-10) 音乐会还受到了全世界的极大关注,这给政客们施加了巨大 压力,迫使他们为这次饥荒做一些事情。 (1) headline n. (报纸的)大字标题 headline news 头条新闻 hit/make the headlines 成为重要新闻 (2) put pressure on 给…施加压力
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M10U1

Reading

Language points

put (great) pressure on somebody (to do something) 促使;迫使;给某人施 加压力做某事,迫使某人做某事 e.g: ①工业发展已给环境带来了(巨大的)压力。 _____________________________________________________________ ②他们的父母正对他们施加压力,要求他们结婚。 _______________________________________________________________ 拓展:under pressure from 在来自……的压力下 高考链接: Life is tough in the city. In order to lose their , some people drink alcohol. A.temper B.mood C.consciousness D.pressures 5. In wrestling with the dilemma of worldwide hunger, the United Nations …(L16) wrestle vi. 奋力对付;努力处理;全力解决;摔跤 wrestle with sb. 与某人打起来 wrestle with sth. 处理/解决某事 e.g: (1) 武装警卫和闯入者扭打起来。Armed guards _________ the intruder. (2) 她整个周末都在绞尽脑汁处理这个问题。 ___________________________________________________________ 6.This is beyond doubt an amazing achievement, but is it enough? (L24-25) without doubt = beyond doubt 毫无疑问 e.g: (1) 他确实是我所教过的学生中最聪明的。 ____________________________________________________________ (2) 她无疑是一位伟大的音乐家。 _____________________________________________________________ 拓展: I don’t doubt that … 我不怀疑…… I doubt whether/if … 我怀疑是否…… I have no doubt that … 我不怀疑…… I have some doubt whether … 我怀疑是否…… There is no doubt of/about … 毫无疑问…… that-clause no doubt 无疑,很可能 (1) 我不怀疑我做出了一个好的决定。 ______________________________________________________ 高考链接: Some researchers believe that there is no doubt _____ a cure for AIDS will be found. A. which B. that C. what D. whether 7. There is a saying that goes “Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish, and you feed him for the rest of his life.”.(L31-32) 有句俗语是这样
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M10U1

Reading

Language points

说的:“授人以鱼, 三餐之需;授人以渔,终生之用。” go: 据说,据传 常言道。____________________________________. 高考链接: --- What should I do first? --- The instructions ______ that you should mix flour with water carefully first. A. go B. tell C. write D. say 8. There are hundreds of success stories ……showing that a lot is being done to fight poverty, yet we cannot pretend that the fight is over. (L54-55) 在各处的发展中 国家有数以百计的这样的故事, 表明人们正在做许多事情与贫困作斗争,但我们 不能佯称斗争已经结束. pretend 假装 pretend + (that) / pretend + to v. e.g: (1) 他佯装不知实情。 ____________________________________ (2) 他假装病了以便能待在家里。 ________________________________________________________ (3) 老板进来时他假装在看一份重要的文件。 ____________________________________________________________ 9. expense n. 费用;价钱;开销 living/household/medical/legal expenses 生活费用;家庭开支;医疗/律师费 at sb.’s expense = at the expense of sb. 由……付钱 / 以……为代价 (1) 花园改建花了一大笔费用。 The garden was transformed _______________________. (2) 公司出钱请我们外出就餐。 We were taken out for a meal _______________________. (3) 他以自己的健康为代价逐步建立起这个企业。 He built up the business_____________________________________
10. risk n.

at risk 处于危险之中 at the risk of … 冒……的危险 run/take the risk of 冒……的危险, 做某件危险的事 (1) The disease is spreading, and all children under five are _________________. (2) He was ready to _____________________being taken prisoner by the enemy. (3) He was determined to get there even ___________________ his life. . vt. 冒……的危险,拿……冒险 risk (v-ing) sth. 冒险做某事

We mustn’t risk __________ (get) caught in a storm.

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