第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 听力（共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分） 第一节 (共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分, 满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话后, 你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅
读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1．What does the man say about the TV drama? A．It’s too long. B．There are lots of ads C ． . It’s not interesting. 2．When will Bob get to Amy’s house? A．At 10:20. B．At 11:20. C．At 10:00. 3．What kind of music does the man like? A．Jazz. B．Rock. C．Opera. 4．Where will the speakers go? A．To the seaside. B．To a playground. C．To a swimming pool. 5．How old is the woman now? A. Sixteen years old. B. Fifteen years old. C. Eleven years old. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小 题，每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回 答第 6、7 题。 6．What does the man want to do? A．Go to Ireland. B． Work hard. C．Pay for the woman’s vacation. 7．What does the woman think of her trip last year? A．It cost a lot. B．It wasn’t fun enough. C ． It made her tired. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8．Where did Sara paint the pictures? A．In her bedroom. B．In her classroom. C． In the kitchen. 9．What is in the sky in Sara’s pictures? A．A house. B．A plane. C．Her father. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10．Who is the second book about? A．A famous scientist. B．A Chinese writer. C．A national hero. 11．What is the woman’s daughter interested in? A．Sports. B．Science. C．History. 12．Where are the speakers? A．In a library. B. In a bookstore. C．In a classroom. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13．What is in the kitchen drawer? A． An eraser. B．A ruler. C．Some pens. 14． What grade is the girl in?
A．The fifth grade. B．The sixth grade. C．The eighth grade. 15．What will the man buy for the girl? A．An MP3 player. B．A computer. C．A calculator 16．How much of his own money will the man pay? A．$99. B. $89. C．$10. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17．What does the boy look like? A．He has red hair. B．He has blue eyes. C．He is wearing a white T-shirt. 18．What information can the boy give? A．His name. B．His address. C．His mother’s name. 19．Where was the boy found? A．In the toy section. B．In the book section. C In the clothing section. 20．What does the speaker want the boy’s mother to do? A．Pick up the boy. B．Finish her shopping. C．Come back to the store. 第二部分 阅读理解（共 2 节，满分 40 分） A It was the end of my first day as a waitress in a busy New York restaurant. My cap had gone away, and my feet hurt. The loaded plates I carried seemed to be heavier and heavier. Tired and discouraged, I didn’t seem able to do anything right. As I made out a check for a family with several children who had changed their ice-cream order a dozen times, I was ready to stop. Then the father smiled at me as he handed me my tip. “Well done,” he said, “you’ve looked after us really well.” Suddenly my tiredness disappeared. I smiled back, and later, when the manager asked me how I’d liked my first day, I said, “Fine!” Those few words of praise had changed everything. Praise is like sunlight to human spirit; we cannot flower and grow without it. And yet, most of us are only too read y to apply to others the cold criticism（批评）, but are unwilling to give our fellows the warm sunshine of praise. Perhaps that is why one word of praise can bring such pleasure. It’s strange how chary we are about praising. Perhaps it’s because few of us know how to accept it. It’s especially rewarding to give praise in areas in which effort generally goes unnoticed．An artist gets admired for a glorious picture， a cook for a perfect meal．But do you ever tell your laundry （洗衣房）manager how please d you are when the shirts are done just right? In fact，to give praise costs the giver nothing but a moment ’s thought and a moment’s effort． 21．Which of the fol lowing can’t describe the writer’s situation before she got her tip? A. She was confident． B. She was busy． C. She was sorry． D. She was tired． 22．According to the passage，which of the following is least likely to be given praise? A． A laundry manager． B．A cook． C．A super star． D．An artist． 23. The underlined word “chary” in Paragraph 2 means_________.
A. curious B. greedy C. anxious D. cautious 24．What is the best title of the passage? A．Why Do You Praise Others? B．Why do You Criticize Others? C．Be Generous to Give Others Praise! Others!
B When I was in junior high school, I was really a bad boy ． My history teacher—Mr.Oven criticized me a lot because I was naughty in his class．By the end of the first semester, I’d had enough of his words and had decided that I would get my revenge（报复）on him. The opportunity arose one morning when Mr.Oven was called to the office for a certai n reason．When Mr.Ove n left, my company Billy and I took Mr.Oven’s lunch bag from under his desk．I opened his sandwich and placed a worm（虫子） in between the two slices of bread． We put it back and closed it．To keep it in memory, Billy took photos of the whole process．We laughed for weeks over this. Well, it all went south during Thanksgiving break．Billy’s mother found the pictures in his room, and demanded that he should tell her where these pictures were from．Billy told his mother the whole story, and Mr.Oven was informed． Not only was I punished from school for two weeks, but also I was kicked off the football and basketball team．Before I could return to school, I had to turn in a 1000-word essay on what I did and why I did that．I really felt embarrassed every time I saw Mr.Oven in the hallway for the rest of the school year．I felt a little regret that Mr.Oven left our school the next year． 25．Mr.Oven criticized me a lot because ． A． I didn’t go to his class B． I disobeyed his rules in class C． I didn’t answer his questions D． I was naughty in my homework 26．How can you imagine Mr.Oven would act when he had his lunch? A． He would cry out, shocked that the worm lay in his sandwich． B． He would eat it as usual when he had his sandwich. C． He would be glad to eat his delicious sandwich with the worm. D． He would be very hungry when he found the worm in his sandwich. 27．The underlined sentence “Well, it all went south during Thanksgiving break.” in Paragraph 3 probably means ． A． Billy and I went south during Thanksgiving break. B． It was not until Thanksgiving break ended that the secret was let out. C． All the students went south on Thanksgiving break. D． All the students left on Thanksgiving break. 28．Which one was NOT true according to the article? A． He had to eat the sandwich he had made for Mr．Oven. B． He was kicked off the football and basketball team. C． He had to be punished to leave school for two weeks.
D． He had to write a 1000-word essay to admit his mistake. C When my family moved to America in 2010 from a small village in Guangdong, China, we brought not only our luggage, but also our village rules, customs and culture. One of the rules is that young people should always respect elders. Unluckily, this rule led to my very first embarrassment in the United States. I had a part-time job as a waiter in a Chinese restaurant. One time, when I was serving food to a middle-aged couple, the wife asked me how the food could be served so quickly. I told her that I had made sure they got their food quickly because I always respect the elderly. A s soon as I said that, her face showed great displeasure. My manager, who happened to hear what I said, took me aside and gave me a long lecture about how sensitive(敏感) Americans are and how they dislike the description “old”. I then walked back to the table and apologized to the wife. After the couple heard my reason, they understood that the problem was caused by cultural differences, so they laughed and were no longer angry. In my village in China, people are proud of being old. Not so many people live to be seventy or eighty, and people who reach such an age have the most knowledge and experience. Young people always respect older people because they know they can learn from their rich experience. However, in the United States, people think “growing old” is a problem since “old” shows that a person is going to retire or that the body is not working well. Here many people try to keep themselves away from growing old by doing exercises or jogging, and women put on makeup（化妆品）, hoping to look young. When I told the couple in the restaurant that I respect the elderly, they got angry because this caused them to feel they had failed to stay young. I had told them something they didn’t want to hear. After that, I changed the way I had been with older people. It is not that I don’t respect them any more; I still respect them, but now I don’t show my feelings through words. 29. The author brought the couple their food very fast because _______. A. the manager asked him to do so B. he respected the elderly C. the couple wanted him to do so D. he wanted more pay 30. When the author called the couple “elderly”, they became _______. A. moved B. satisfied C. excited D. unhappy 31. After this experience, the author _______. A. lost his job in the restaurant B. made friends with the couple C. no longer respected the elderly D. changed his way of treating older people D In recent years many countries have been faced with the problem of how to make their workers more productive. Some experts claim the answer is to make jobs more varied. But do more varied jobs lead to greater productivity? There is evidence to suggest that while variety certainly makes the worker's life more enjoyable, it doesn't actually make him work harder. As far as increasing productivity is concerned, then, variety is not an important factor.
Other experts feel that giving the worker freedom to do his job in his own way is important. The problem is that this kind of freedom cannot easily be given in the modern factory with its complicated machinery. Thus while freedom of choice may be important, there is usually very little that can be done to create it. Another important consideration is how much each worker contributes to the product he is making. In most factories the worker sees only one small part of the product. Some car factories are now experimenting with having many small production lines, so that each worker contributes more to the production of the cars on his line. It would seem that not only is degree of worker contribution an important factor, but it is also one we can do something about. To what extent does more money lead to great productivity? The workers themselves certainly think this is important. But perhaps they want more money only because the work they do is so boring. Money just lets them enjoy their spare time more. A similar argument may explain demands for shorter working hours. Perhaps if we succeed in making their jobs more interesting, they will neither want more money, nor will shorter working hours be so important to them. 32. According to the author, what advantage do varied jobs bring? A. They relieve workers' difficulties. B. They increase productivity enormously. C. They bring out the best in workers. D. They reduce boredom among workers. 33. What can we clearly see from the passage? A. It’s difficult to have more production lines.. B. It's necessary to have a large number of workers. C. It’s practical to allow more freedom in a modern factory. D. It's important to raise workers’ sense of contribution 34. The passage seems to suggest that ________. A. more money leads to demands for shorter working hours B. more money does not automatically(自动地) create higher productivity C. workers like more money better than more interesting jobs D. workers expect to have both more money and more interesting jobs 35. What does the passage mainly discuss? A. How to enrich workers'1ife. B. How to decrease dullness in a factory. C. How to shorten working hours. D. How to make workers more productive. 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 Are you planning to study a course from a foreign university? Well, these tips for studying abroad will make you feel at home in a new city. Learn about the university. When you decide to study abroad, it is important to research well. 36 Instead, talk to people who have completed their studies from that country. This way you wi11 get some real information about the university you’ re applying for. _ 37 The more you speak to people, the more you’ll end up driving the blues away. Communicating with others will truly be helpful. Not only will it make it easier
for you to face personal interviews but also to interact with the local people and fellow students. Keep a diary. Most students feel that the time they spent abroad was the best time of their lives. What better way to keep those moments “alive” forever than by writing them down on a diary? _ 38_ Be prepared for adjustments. When you land up in a country with a culture ,that is, completely different from yours, chances are that you’ll experience some level of culture shock. _ 39 _ Consider your stay abroad as an opportunity to discover a new culture and learn new things. Know what to do in an emergency. 40 Get the details of the U.S. Embassy, including the phone number, and register yourself and your family members with the U.S. Embassy. This way you’ll know whom to reach out to in case you’re in an emergency. A. Don’t just follow adverts blindly and choose the university. B. Develop goo d communication skills. C. However, don’t let that discourage you. D. Ensure you have all the documents E. Make sure that you know what to do in the face of emergency. F. Keep in touch with your friends at home to avoid homesickness. G. You can write down every little detail of the beautiful time when you study abroad. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分45分） 第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1. 5 分, 满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中, 选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项。 The Little Angel Sally jumped up the moment she saw the surgeon come out of the operating room. She asked, “How is my little boy?” The surgeon said, “I’m __41__ . We did all we could, but your boy didn’t __42__ it.” Sally __43 __ into the chair. The surgeon asked, “Would you like some time with your son before he was transported to the __44 __?” Sally nodded. While saying goodbye, she ran her fingers __45__ through his thick curly hair. “Would you like a lock of his hair?” the surgeon asked. Sally nodded yes. The surgeon cut a few hairs, and handed them to Sally. The mother said, “It was Jimmy’s idea to __46__ his body to the university for study. He said it might __47__ somebody else. “I said no at first, __48__ Jimmy said, ‘Mom, I won’t be using it after I die. Maybe it will help some other little boy spend one more day with his Mom.’” “My Jimmy had a heart of __49__, always thinking of someone else, always wanting to help others if he could.” she went on. Sally walked out of the hospital. She put the bag with Jimmy’s __50_ _ on the seat beside her in the car. The drive home was __51 _ _. It was even harder to enter the __52_ _ house. She carried Jimmy’s belongings, and the lock of his
hair to her son’s room. She started placing the model cars and other personal things back in his room __53_ _ where he had always kept them. She lay down across his bed and, hugging his pillow, __54_ _ herself to sleep. It was around midnight when Sally __55_ _. Lying beside her on the bed was a letter. The letter said,
“Dear Mom, I know you’re going to __56_ _ me, and me too. I will always love you, Mom, even more __57_ _ each passing day. Someday we will see each other again. Until then, if you want to __58_ _ a little boy so you won’t be so lonely, that’s OK with me. He can have my room and old toys to play with. Don’t be sad thinking about me. I don’t hurt any more. The cancer is all __59_ _. I don’t have to stand that __60_ _ any more. The angels in Heaven are so tender. They say I’m a Special Angel! I love you, Mom.”
41. A. worried grateful 42. A. make 43. A. k nocked 44. A. house university 45. A. lovingly angrily 46. A. donate 47. A. affect impress 48. A. for 49. A. gold 50. A. toys letters 51. A. long dangerous 52. A. empty 53. A. roughly possibly 54. A. put 55. A. wrote awoke 56. A. understand 57. A. with 58. A. save 59. A. lost 60. A. depression B. happy B. pas s B. looked B. church B. anxiously B. move B. help B. but B. stone B. clothes B. smooth B. familiar B. exactly B. cried B. spoke B. forgive B. around B. host B. gone B. sadness C. sorry C. win C. got C. hospital C. patiently C. show C. protect C. so C. wisdom C. belongings C. difficult C. big C. especially C. sent C. slept C. leave C. on C. adopt C. cured C. pain D. D. like D. sank D. D. D. lend D. D. and D. bravery D. D. D. old D. D. buried D. D. miss in visit spotted stress
D. D. D. D.
第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单 词）或括号内单词的正确 形式。
Animals have been killed for their fur and feathers, and 61 (thousand) of kinds of animals have disappeared from the world forever. About 170 kinds in the US alone 62 (consider) in danger. Why should people care? 63 we need animals, and if they are gone, there will never be any more. Every animal has its place in the balance of nature. 64 (destroy) one kind of animal can create many problems. For example, when farmers killed large numbers of hawks (老鹰), the farmers’ stores of corn and grain were destroyed 65 rats and mice. With no hawks to keep down their numbers, the rats and mice multiplied (繁殖) 66 . (quick). Luckily, some people are working 67 (help) save the animals. Some groups raise money to let people know about 68 problem. And they try to get the governments to pass laws protecting animals in danger. Quite a few 69 (country) have passed laws. These laws forbid the killing of any animals on the danger list. Slowly, the number of some animals in danger 70 (be) growing. 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处， 每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均限一词。 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分 On January 5th, students in our school visited Robot World, which we saw a great number of robot. It was amazed to find those robots could do a lot of things just like real people, included playing chess, playing the piano and drawing pictures. What’s more, the robots were in different kinds and shapes, which made us enjoyable. In addition, that excited me most is the show given by a group of robots. They danced just as if they were dancers on the stage. By visiting Robot World, I have learned a lot of about robots, especial about their functions and shapes. The great human wisdom is so powerful that it make us feel more comfortable live in the world. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
感恩， 是我们生活中永恒的话题。 学会感恩， 学会热爱生活， 我们将会感受到更多快乐。 假设你将参加主题为“感恩”的演讲比赛，请你根据以下要点写一篇英语演讲稿。 要点：1. 感恩对象（父母、老师、朋友?）； 注意： 1. 只能选择一个感恩对象； 2. 词数 120 左右。开头和结尾已写好，不计入总词数。 Good morning, everyone, It’s a great honor to have the opportunity to be with you today. The topic of my speech is “Thank you, 2. 为何感恩； 3. 如何感恩。
2018 届高一下学期期末考试英语试卷答案 听力 1—5 BBBAA 阅读理解 21-24 AADC 25-28 BABA 29--31. B D D 32-35DDBD 36-40 ABGCE 完形填空 41-45CADDA 46-50ABBAC 51-55CABBD 56-60DACBC 语法填空 61．thousands 62．are considered 63Because 67to help 68the 64 ． Destroying 6—10 AABCA 11—15 CBACC 16—20 BBAAA
65．by 66．quickly 改错
On January 5th, students in our school visited Robot World, 错误！未找到引用源。 we saw a great number of 错误！未找到引用源。. It was 错误！未找到引用源。 to find those robots could do a lot of things just like real people, 错误！未找到引用 源。 playing chess, playing the piano and drawing pictures. What’s more, the robots were in different kinds and shapes, which made us enjoyable. In addition,错误！ 未找到引用源。excited me most 错误！未找到引用源。 the show given by a group of robots. They danced just as if they were dancers on the stage. By visiting Robot World, I have learned a lot of about robots, 错误！未找到引用源。 about their functions and shapes. The great human wisdom is so powerful that it 错误！未找到 引用源。 us feel more comfortable 错误！未找到引用源。live in the world. 书面表达 Good morning, everyone, It’s a great honor to have the opportunity to be with you today. The topic of my speech is “Thank you, mum.” My mum is an ordinary housewife, who devotes herself to looking after me, giving me care and encouragement. She can do everything to make sure that I can grow up healthily and happily. She keeps me company, cooks me tasty dinners, and makes my room as clean as possible. On top of that, whenever I get upset, she listens to me and comforts me until I have cheered up. I’m very grateful to have such a caring mother. Now, I have a message for everyone here, including myself: since we have grown up, we children should try to repay our dear mum instead of always trying to receive something from her. We can help her as she helps us. Sometimes even a small talk with mum or a cup of tea for her will shine her through. Thank you for listening.