Unit1 Festivals around the world
一.请从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语并用其正确形式填空。 agriculture, decorate, energy, religion, society, play tricks on, in memory of look forward to, day and night, as though, d
ress up, took place, in the shape of 1. You don’t need to ________, just to go to the pub — jeans and a T-shirt will do. 2. The police may never discover what ________ that night, because Mr Smith, the only eyewitness, died last night. 3. I hate the smell of paint when I’m ________. 4. Luckily, help arrived ________ a police officer. 5. It’s acceptable to ________ your friends on April 1st. 6. The government set up a monument ________ the heroes who died in the war. 7. I’m ________ hearing from you. 8. He behaved ________ he hadn’t known anything about it. 9. Those workers worked ________ to finish the task. 10. The country’s economy is mainly ________ and depends on crops like coffee. 11. Most British schools organize ________ events for the students. 12. I tried aerobics (有氧运动) but it was too ________ for me. 13. He’s deeply ________ and goes to church twice a week. 二：单项选择从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 1. With the development of modern science and technology, changes in the ways that people perform their work are sure to _______. A. to be taken place B. take place C. be happened D. be replaced 2. –Are you hungry? --Yes. I ________. A. have starved B. will be starved to death C. I am starving D. starve to death. 3. The origins of some religious ceremonies are in no way ________. A. to find out B. to be discovered C. discovered D. found out 4. Many festivals are held _______ our ancestors for their contribution to the world. A. in honor of B. in the honor of C. in memory to D. in the memory of 5. Please never do such things _______ other people. A. that will do harm to B. as will do harm to C. as they will do harm to D. which are harmful to 6. Standing on top of the mountain, the travelers ______ their eyes on the breath-taking scenery below. A. treated B. feasted C. pointed D. fed 7. Different peoples _______ at different festivals in different ways because of their cultural or religious _____. A. dress up; beliefs B. put on; believes C . wear; belief D. dress up; believes 8. ______his arrival at the classroom on his first day at school, the teacher _______. A. At; was played a trick on B. On; played a trick at his students
C. To; played a trick on his students D. On; was played a trick on 9. _______ were given to those foreigners who helped the country ______ independence from Britain. A. Rewards; gain B. Awards; make C. Prizes; take D. Awards; get 10. The old professor travelled from one school to another, _______ first-hand information about the education situation in China. A. to gather B. collecting C. getting together D. to get together 11. Handsome, young, energetic and talented, the manager ________ both by the male and female in the company. A. is admired B. is fond of C. is enjoyed D. is appreciated 12. _______ the project completed, all the workers anxiously looked forward to _______what they should. A. With; be paid B. After; pay C. After; being paid D. With; being paid 13. Food, _____, shelter and transportation are the four basic necessities of life. A. clothes B. clothing C. cloth D. dress 14. The loud noise outside ______ our teacher’s voice so that we didn’t ______ what he was saying. A. put out; hear B. drowned; make out C. cut out; recognize D. threw away; know 15. She promised to ______ at the meeting but she didn’t ______. A. turn up; keep her word B. present; keep her promise C. attend; turn up D. appear; keep her words 16. It was obvious that the ship ______ on its voyage without _______ from the officials in charge or it would not have sailed off so secretly. A. set off; a permission B. set out; permission C. set off; permit D. set out; a permit 17. Whoever ______ such a rare chance to get promoted is a fool A. throw out B. throw away C. throw off D. throw up 18. The old man is so ______ that he has to ______ his meals every day. A. forgettable; be reminded of B. forgetful; be remembered of C. forgetful; be reminded of D. forgettable; be remembered of 19. She is thin ______ as though she never ______ anything. A. for the bone; ate B. to the bone; ate C. with the bone; eats D. to the bone; eats 20. With pressure from life and work increasing day by day, there should be something for people to ______ A. make fun of B. have fun with C. play tricks on D. have for fun 21. _______ and see how long you can ______it. A. Take your breath; hold B. Hold your breath; do C. Catch your breath; D. Make your breath; make 22. ---You should ______ to her for what you did _____her the other day. ---Why should I? It was not my fault. A. apologize; to; B. have apologized; to; C. apologize; with; D. have apologized; about 23. Day and night, the old woman wept over the death of her only son, ______ she forgave the driver who killed him.
A. as though B. even though C. all though D. even 24. She _______ her tears and continued to fight against the cruel customs that killed her daughter. A. wiped out B. wiped away C. wiped up D. wiped down 25. I really don’t understand what_______ it ______ to hold beauty contest worldwide. In my opinion, it is a waste of money, time and energy. A. on the earth; is B. on earth; means C. at all; means D. in the world; is 第二部分 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Barbara was driving her six-year-old son, Benjamin, to his piano lesson on the highway. They were late and Barbara was 26 tired. She had worked extra shifts as a night 27 nurse. The sleet(雨夹雪) storm and icy roads 28 her tension. She was thinking of turning around at once. Suddenly a car ahead of them lost control on a patch of ice and crashed 29 into a telephone pole. The impact was horrible. Barbara pulled onto the road’s shoulder. Thank God she was a nurse—her skill might make a 30 in the fate of these 31 passengers! But what about Ben ? Little boys 32 see scenes like this. But was it 33 to leave him alone? What if their car was 34 from behind, or a stranger 35 him? For a brief moment, Barbara decided to go on her way. ―Ben, honey, 36 me you’ll stay in the car!‖ she cried over her shoulder. ―I will, Mommy,‖ she heard him say 37 , she can, slipping and sliding, toward the crash site. It was 38 than she had feared. Two high-school-aged girls had been in the car. One, the blonde on the passenger side was dead. The driver, however, was unconscious. Barbara quickly 39 pressure to the wound in the teenager’s head while her practiced eyes ran over the other 40 , a broken leg, maybe two, along with probable internal damage. But if help came , this girl would live. The ambulance arrived. ― Good job,‖ one rescue worker said, 41 he examined the driver. ― You probably saved her life, Ma’am.‖ As Barbara walked back to her car, a feeling of 42 overwhelmed her, especially for the family of the passenger who had died. But what should she tell Ben? ―Mom,‖ he 43 ― did you see it?‖ ―See what honey?‖ she asked. ―The angel, Mom! He came down from the sky. And he opened the door, and he took that girl out. ― Barbara’s eyes were filling with tears, ― Which door, Ben?‖ ―The 44 side.‖ Later Barbara was able to meet the families of the victims. They expressed their 45 for the help she had provided. Barbara was able to give them something more: Ben’s Vision. 26. A. uncommonly B. commonly C . unusually D. usually 27. A. class B. work C. school D. duty 28. A. added to B. made up C. added D. brought up 29. A. front B. forward C. backward D. sideways 30. A. help B. devotion C. contribution D. difference 31. A. fortunate B. unfortunate C. strange D. familiar
32. A. shouldn’t B. can’t C. wouldn’t D. couldn’t 33. A. safe B. necessary C. fit D. sure 34. A. stolen B. beat C. hit D. broken 35. A. approached B. stolen C. struck D. robbed 36. A. tell B. reply C. answer D. promise 37. A. before B. as C. after D. on 38. A. lucky B. more dangerous C. worse D. better 39. A. pulled B. put C. set D. applied 40. A. scars B. injuries C. death D. harms 41. A. before B. after C. since D. as 42. A. harm B. achievement C. sadness D. tiredness 43. A. whispered B. shouted C. yelled D. repeated 44. A. driver B. stranger C. passenger D. passer-by 45. A. gratitude B. admiration C. help D. benefits 第三部分 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A I had an experience some years ago, which taught me something about the ways in which people make a bad situation worse by blaming themselves. One January, I had to hold two funerals on successive days for two elderly women in my community. Both had died ― full of years‖, as the Bible would say. Their homes happened to be near each other, so I paid condolence(吊唁) calls on the two families on the same afternoon. At the first home, the son of the deceased(已故的)woman said to me, ― If only I had sent my mother to Florida and gotten her out of this cold and snow, she would be alive today. It’s my fault that she died.‖ At the second home, the son of the other deceased woman said, ― If only I hadn’t insisted on my mother’s going to Florida, she would be alive today.. that long airplane ride, the sudden change of climate, was more than she could take. It’s my fault that she’s dead.‖ You see that any time there is a death, the survivors will feel guilty. Because the course of action they took turned out bad, they believe that the opposite course—keeping Mother at home, putting off the operation—would have turned out better. After all, how could it have turned out any worse? There are seem to be two elements involved in our willingness to feel guilty. The first is our pressing need to believe that the world makes sense, that there is a cause for every effect and a reason for everything that happens that leads us to find patterns and connections both where they really exist and where they exist only in our minds. The second element is the view that we are the cause of what happens , especially the bad things that happen. It seems to be a short step from believing that every event has a cause to believe that every disaster is our fault. The roots of this feeling may lie in our childhood. A baby comes to think that the world exists to meet his needs, and that he makes everything happen in it. He wakes up in the morning and summons the rest of the world to its tasks. He cries, and someone comes to attend to him. When he is hungry, people feed him , and when he is wet,
people change him. Very often, we do not completely outgrow that childish view that our wishes cause things to happen. 46. What is said about the two diseased elderly women? A. They lived out a natural life B. They died of exhaustion after the long plane ride C. They weren’t used to the change in weather. D. They died due to lack of care by family members. 47. The author had to conduct the two women’s funerals probably because ______. A. he wanted to comfort the two families B. he was an official from the community C. he had great pity for the deceased D. he was minister of the local church 48. People feel guilty for the deaths of their loved ones because _____. A. they couldn’t find a better way to express their sorrow B. they believe that they were responsible C. they had neglected the natural course of events D. they didn’t know things often turn in the opposite direction 49. According to the passage, the underlined part in paragraph 4 probably means that_____. A. everything in the world is predetermined B. the world can be interpreted in different ways C. there is an explanation for everything in the world D. we have to be sensible in order to understand the world 50. What’s the idea of the passage? A. Life and death is an unsolved mystery. B. Every story should have a happy ending. C. Never feel guilty all the time because not every disaster is our fault. D. In general, the survivors will feel guilty about the people who passed away. B The internet has led to a huge increase in credit-card(信用卡) fraud. Your card information could even be for sale in an illegal Website(非法网站). Websites offering cheap goods and services should be regarded with care Online shoppers who enter their credit-card information may never receive the goods they thought they bought. The thieves then go shopping with your card number—or sell the information over the Internet. Computer hackers(黑客)have broken down security(安全) system, raising questions about the safety of card holder information. Several months ago, 25,000 customers of a CD universe, an online music retailer(批发商), were not lucky. Their names, addresses and credit-card numbers were posted on a Website after the retailer refused to pay US $ 157,828 to get back the information. Credit-card firms are now fighting against online fraud. Master-card is working on plans for Web only credit-card, with a lower credit limit. The card could be used only for shopping online. However , there are a few simple steps you can take to keep from being cheated.
Ask about your credit-card firm’s online rules: under British law, cardholders are responsible for the first US $ 78 of any fraudulent spending. And shop only at secure sites: send your credit-card information only if the Website offers advanced secure system. If the security is in place, a letter will appear in the bottom right-hand corner of your screen. The Website address may also start http://--the extra ―s‖ stands for secure. If in doubt, give your credit-card information over the telephone. Keep your password safe: most online sites require a user name and password before placing an order. Treat your password with care. 51. The underlined word ―fraud‖ in the first paragraph probably means ______. A. cheating B. sale C. payment D. use 52. According to this passage most people worry about shopping on the Internet because ______. A. a great number of stolen credit-cards are sold on the Internet every day B. fraud on the Internet happens very often C. many Websites break down every day D. there are too many illegal Websites on the Internet 53. Thieves usually get the information of the credit-card ______. A. because many customers lost their cards B. by paying money for people working in the information companies C. because of the carelessness of the customers D. by stealing the information from Websites 54. If the passwords of your credit-cards are not probably kept, _____. A. the bank and the shop will suffer great losses B. you will not be able to get back your information C. you might suffer great losses D. the bank will answer for your loss 55. What’s the best title of the passage? A. How to Beat Online Credit-card Thieves B. How to Shop on the Internet C. Never Use Credit-card Without an Advanced Computer D. Why Thieves Steal Credit-card Information Unit 1 Festivals around the world 1. dress up 2. took place 3. decorating 4. in the shape of 5. play tricks on 6. in memory of 7. looking forward to 8. as though 9. day and night 10. agricultural 11. social 12. energetic 13. religious 1—25 BCBAB BADDB ADBBA BBCBB BABAB 26-30CDADD 31-35BAACA 36-40DBCDB 41-45DCACA 46-50 ADBCC 51-55ABDCA