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专题3 任务型阅读19


2012 高考英语二轮复习专题限时训练 专题 3 任务型阅读 19 (25 分钟) (A) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格填 1 个单词。 China’s Tianhe-1 has a computing speed of 2,507 trillion(万亿)calculations a second, making i

t the fastest computer in the world. It is also 40 percent faster than the world’s second fastest supercomputer, Cray XT5 Jaguar, in the US, kept at a national laboratory in Tennessee, according to the New York Times. Jack Dongarra, a University of Tennessee computer scientist, told NYT that the Chinese supercomputer is faster than the existing Number One machine. Building the fastest supercomputer has become a source of national pride, as these machines are valued for their ability to solve problems in areas like defense, energy and science. These problems are related to national interests. Supercomputing technology is also found in business. Oil and gas companies use supercomputers to find oil and gas. Obviously, research centers with large supercomputers attract top scientific talents. This adds extra importance to the machines—they’re more than just huge computers. China’s new supercomputer will be used to speed up greatly scientific calculations, such as hurricane and tsunami modeling, cancer research, car design and even studying stars. In 2008, two US scientists put together a step-by-step guide on how to build a supercomputer using PlayStation 3 video-game consoles(控制台). Modern supercomputers are built by combining thousands of small computer servers 服务器) using software to turn them into one ( and large computer. Really, any organization with enough material and technology can create a fast machine. The Chinese system follows that model by linking thousands upon thousands of computer servers. But the secret behind the system—and the technological achievement—is China’s own networking technology. “That technology was built by them,” Dongarra said. “They are taking supercomputing very seriously and using a lot of time and money.” “China is still a developing country,” said Sha Chaoqun, manager at Dawning Company which is the leading supercomputer maker in China. “Maybe one day, China’s total computing power can be greater than that of the US, but there is still a long way to go before we get there.”
Paragraph outline China has developed the world’s fastest supercomputer. fastest computer in the world. ◇Tianhe-1 is 40 percent faster than the (2)__________ fastest Supporting details ◇Tianhe-1 has a high computing speed, which (1)__________ it the

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supercomputer in the world. ◇(3)__________ Jack Dongarra, we learn that the Chinese supercomputer is faster than the existing Number One machine. ◇The high-speed computer is (5)__________ to solve problems related Many countries see the fastest supercomputer as a source of national (4)__________ and are making efforts to develop it. to national interests. ◇Besides (6)__________, supercomputing technology can also be found in areas of defence, energy and science. ◇It’s obvious that top scientific talents are (7)__________ to research centers with large supercomputers. The secret behind supercomputers is networking technology. Mr. Sha showed a conservative(保守 的) (9)__________ toward the development of computing power. ◇By using the technology built by Chinese people, taking it (8)__________ and devoting lots of time and money, China has achieved a lot. ◇(10)__________ the greater computing power China may have in the future, there is still a long way to go.

1. makes 6. areas

2. second 7. attracted

3. From 8. seriously

4. pride 9. attitude

5. able 10. Despite

(B)

请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格填 1 个单词。 China’s Tianhe-1 has a computing speed of 2,507 trillion(万亿)calculations a second, making it the fastest computer in the world. It is also 40 percent faster than the world’s second fastest supercomputer, Cray XT5 Jaguar, in the US, kept at a national laboratory in Tennessee, according to the New York Times. Jack Dongarra, a University of Tennessee computer scientist, told NYT that the Chinese supercomputer is faster than the existing Number One machine.

2

Building the fastest supercomputer has become a source of national pride, as these machines are valued for their ability to solve problems in areas like defense, energy and science. These problems are related to national interests. Supercomputing technology is also found in business. Oil and gas companies use supercomputers to find oil and gas. Obviously, research centers with large supercomputers attract top scientific talents. This adds extra importance to the machines—they’re more than just huge computers. China’s new supercomputer will be used to speed up greatly scientific calculations, such as hurricane and tsunami modeling, cancer research, car design and even studying stars. In 2008, two US scientists put together a step-by-step guide on how to build a supercomputer using PlayStation 3 video-game consoles(控制台). Modern supercomputers are built by combining thousands of small computer servers(服务器)and using software to turn them into one large computer. Really, any organization with enough material and technology can create a fast machine. The Chinese system follows that model by linking thousands upon thousands of computer servers. But the secret behind the system—and the technological achievement—is China’s own networking technology. “That technology was built by them,” Dongarra said. “They are taking supercomputing very seriously and using a lot of time and money.” “China is still a developing country,” said Sha Chaoqun, manager at Dawning Company which is the leading supercomputer maker in China. “Maybe one day, China’s total computing power can be greater than that of the US, but there is still a long way to go before we get there.” Paragraph outline Supporting details ◇ Tianhe-1 has a high computing speed, which (1)__________ it the fastest computer in the world. ◇ Tianhe-1 is 40 percent faster than the (2)__________ fastest China has developed the world’s supercomputer in the world. fastest supercomputer. ◇ (3)__________ Jack Dongarra, we learn that the Chinese supercomputer is faster than the existing Number One machine. ◇ The high-speed computer is (5)__________ to solve Many countries see the fastest problems related to national interests. supercomputer as a source of ◇ Besides (6)__________, supercomputing technology can national (4)__________ and are also be found in areas of defence, energy and science. making efforts to develop it. ◇ obvious that top scientific talents are (7)__________ to It’s
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research centers with large supercomputers. The secret behind ◇ using the technology built by Chinese people, taking it By (8)__________ and devoting lots of time and money, China has achieved a lot.

supercomputers is networking technology. Mr. Sha showed a conservative (保守的) toward the (9)__________ development of

◇ (10)__________ the greater computing power China may have in the future, there is still a long way to go.

computing power.

1. makes 6. areas

2. second 7. attracted

3. From 8. seriously

4. pride 9. attitude

5. able 10.

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