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Gloria 2013年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)高一组决赛 含答案


2013 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)决赛
高一年级组试题 (总分:150 分 答题时间:120 分钟)

听力部分(共三大题,记 30 分) B) Please listen to the following material, and fill in the blanks according to the material you he

ar with one or two words. The material will be read twice. (请听下面一段材料,根据你所听到的材料内容填空,每空填一到 两个单词。材料读两遍。) (答案涂在答题纸上) Cultural relics are (21)______ that remind people of the past. By (22)________ cultural relics, we can learn what our ancestors did and how they lived. Many people steal these ancient things (23)______________. To (24)________our valuable cultural relics, it is necessary to (25) stop people from destroying them. 笔试部分(共七大题,计 120 分) I. Multiple-choice (选择填空) (共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,计 15 ) 26. I like listening to music; but music in this film is boring. A./; the B./; / C. the: the D. the; / 27. He divided the sweets the children who were divided three groups. A. in; in B. into; into C. between; in D. among; into 28. It is such a good book is worth again! A. that; reading B. as; to be read C. that it: reading D. which; being read 29. Soon after the accident, police were sent to the place to keep order. A. scores B. score of C. scores of D. two scores of 30. When _______down the hill, his car _______upside down. A. came; turned B. coming; turned C. came; turning D. coming; turning 31. Susan has been fortunate to find a good job she loves in this city, and she gets well paid for it. A. what's more B. sooner or later C. as if D. more or less 32. The teachers are busy________ the exam papers while the students are busy the exams. A. prepare; prepare for B. preparing; preparing for C. prepare for; prepare D. preparing for; preparing 33. At present, more and more people from the countryside are going into the cities in_______ of better jobs. A. favour B. honour C. memory D. search 34. The news that the woman was still _______ five days after the tsunami was broadcast on_____TV worldwide. A. alive; alive B. living; alive C. alive; live D. lively; live 35.________has been introduced to the students to help them make progress. A. Many books as well as some advice B. Not only some advice but also many books C. Some advice as well as many books D. Some advice and many books 36. Maria and I ________ friends for eight years. We first got to know each other at a wedding party. But we _______ each other several times before that. A. had been; have seen B. have been; have seen C. had been; had seen D. have been; had seen
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Use Fact What to do

to

37. I suggested that he to hospital at once, but he insisted that he quite well then. A. was sent; felt B. should be sent; was feeling C. be sent; feel D. should be sent; should feel 38. --Did you have a good day at school? --Yeah, I had a great day. I got the part of Juliet in the school play! Can you believe it? --______________ I'll cook your favourite for dinner. A. That's excellent news! B. That's all right. C. Don't be ridiculous! D. Take it easy. 39. --Is that really what you're wearing to meet your new boss? -- _______ What's wrong with what I'm wearing? --Well... it's just... Why don't you put on something smarter? You look a bit of a mess. A. What did you say? B. What do you mean? C. You must be kidding. D. Never mind. 40. --I've been thinking about quitting this course. It seems it doesn't suit me. -You can't stop trying now. Think of all the time you've invested. --I know, I've thought of that but I don't think I have much choice, A. I'll see you there. B. That's a good idea, C. You can't be serious. D. I'll give it a go. Ⅱ Cloze (完形填空) (共 15 小题:每题 1 分,计 15 分) use do mistake explain honest us refuse

A)
Most people have trouble admitting their own faults, though they're more than happy to point out everyone else's. This can be (41)_________. After all, it's usually when someone else tells us that we have done something wrong that we learn something about ourselves. What we have to do is take a deep breath, and face up to what we have done. Remember, when it comes to understanding (42) , we're not on our own. Everyone we know lends a helping hand! Of course, doing the wrong thing is easy, but it's what we do about our mistakes that counts. Naturally we are all good at (43) to believe that we have done anything wrong at all. As we try to justify our actions, our (44) get more and more Complicated. We try to convince the listener that we are telling the truth, but it's of no use. There's no chance at all that they will believe us. And the truth is that it is ourselves we have deceived ( 蒙骗 ), not them. That's the very point I'm trying to make. Whatever you do, don't get into the habit of deceiving yourself. What is difficult is (45)______ admitting that we are wrong---especially to ourselves.

B)
A diary is an individual's personal account of his / her daily experiences. Very often, diaries (46) con_____ not just details of what happened on particular days, but also include(47) (observe) and thoughts inspired by the events recorded. It is very likely that many of you have tried to keep a diary at some time or other and equally likely that many of you (48) up. either because keeping it going became too much of a chore or because you felt that what you were recording was of little interest. (49) H , others among you may still be keeping a regular account of your activities in a diary form and discovering the value of being able to (50) ex your private thoughts and feelings, knowing that they are not intended to be shared with anyone else. Although some people, such as politicians, keep diaries in order to explain and justify their (51)______(contribute) to important events and with the intention that their diaries will one day be published, not all diaries are (52) (write) for this purpose. Most people keep diaries for precisely (恰 恰)the (53) op reason they want what they write to be kept (54) and to be seen by their eyes only because they use their diaries as an opportunity to express their most intimate (秘密的) thoughts
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and feelings about their (55) exp

and the people they meet.

III. Reading Comprehension (阅读理解) (共 20 小题,56-60 每小题 1 分,61-75 每小题 2 分计 35 分) A If you ask someone why he or she wears clothes, the answer will probably be "To keep warm and to cover my body." These are the basic reasons clothes are worn, but people also want to look attractive and appear successful to others! If people only wore clothes for warmth and to cover their bodies, most clothing would be simple and cheap. In most Western countries, however, clothing is sometimes very expensive. The main reason for this is not the cost of the fabric (布料) or the cost of making the clothes. The clothes are expensive because of fashion. Successful businessmen, for example, often wear very expensive suits, shirts and ties. Sometimes they pay thousands of dollars for a suit and hundreds of dollars for a tie. It's still just a suit and tie but they pay these prices because of the famous name of the designer. A suit costing much less would be just as warm and would cover the wearer's body just as well. Fashion is constantly (不断地) changing, which means that people who want to be fashionable have to buy new clothes every few months, even if last month's clothes have only been worn once or twice. Some people have wardrobes (衣柜) full of clothes that have hardly been worn but are no longer in fashion. Being fashionable, therefore, can be a very expensive pastime! Questions 56-58: Choose the best answer from A, B, C and D according to the passage. 56. Why do people wear clothes? A. Only to cover themselves. B. Just to make themselves attractive. C. Just because of fashion. D. For a variety of reasons. 57. Successful businessmen buy very expensive suits because of the________. A. cost of the fabric B. famous name of the designer C. cost of making them D. good packages 58. According to the passage, fashionable people have to________. A. wear their clothes only once B. buy new clothes regularly C. wear last month's clothes D. buy new clothes once or twice Questions 59-60: Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to the passage. 59. Successful businessmen pay thousands of dollars for a tie. 60. Some clothes are no longer in fashion though they have hardly been worn. B There're two main things that make aircraft engineering difficult: the need to make every part as reliable (可靠的) as possible and the need to build everything as light as possible.(61)_____________________ Given a certain power of engine and a certain fuel consumption ( 消耗 ), there is a practical limit to the total weight of the aircraft that can be made to fly. (62) So the structure of the aircraft has to be as small and light as safety and efficiency (效能) will allow. The designer must calculate (计算) the normal load (负荷 that each part will bear. This specialist is called the "stress man". He takes account of any unusual stress that may be put on the part. The stress man's calculations go to the designer of the part, and he must make it as strong as the stress man says is necessary. (63) Each separate part is tested, then a whole assembly (装配) --for example, a complete wing, and finally the whole aeroplane. When a new type of aeroplane is being made. normally only one of the first three made will be flown. Two will be destroyed on the ground in structural tests.
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(64)______________ (65) The first is to find the resistance (阻力) to loading of the wings, tail, etc. until they reach their largest amount of load and collapse (崩溃). The other test is for fatigue ( 疲乏 ) strength. When a plane has passed all the tests it can get a government certificate (证书) of airworthiness, without which it is illegal to fly, except for test flying. Questions 61-65: Choose from the sentences A-G to complete the passage. There are two extra sentences which you do not need to use. A, Two kinds of ground strength tests are carried out. B. One or two samples are always tested to prove that they are as strong as the designer intended. C. Each may be well under what the structure could stand as a single load, but many repetitions can result in collapse. D. The third one will be tested in the air. E. Making the working parts reliable is as difficult as making the structure strong enough: F. The fact that an aeroplane is up in the air and cannot stop if anything goes wrong, makes it perhaps a matter of life or death that its performance is completely dependable. G. Out of that weight as much as possible is wanted for fuel, radio navigational instruments (导航设备), passenger seats, or freight (货物) room, and, of course, the passengers or freight themselves. C Auctions (拍卖) are public sales of goods, conducted by an officially approved auctioneer. He asks the crowd assembled in the auction-room to make offers, or "bids", for the various items on sale. He encourages buyers to bid higher figures, and finally names the highest bidder as the buyer of the goods. This is called "knocking down" the goods, for the bidding ends when the auctioneer bangs a small hammer on a table at which he stands. The ancient Romans probably invented sales by auction, and the English word comes from the Latin "auctio", meaning "increase". The Romans usually sold in this way the spoils (战利品]) taken in war; these sales were called "sub hasta", meaning "under the spear", a spear being stuck in the ground as a signal for a crowd to gather. In England in the 18th and 19th centuries goods were often sold "by the candle": a short candle was lit by the auctioneer, and bids could be made while it stayed alight. The auctioneer's services are paid for in the form of a percentage of the price the goods are sold for. The auctioneer therefore has a direct interest in pushing up the bidding as high as possible. The auctioneer must know fairly accurately the current market values of the goods he is selling, and he should be acquainted with (了解) regular buyers of such goods. He will also play on the rivalries (竞争)among his buyers and succeed in getting a high price by encouraging two business competitors to bid against each other. Questions 66-70: Answer the following questions according to the passage. 66. Whom are auctions conducted by? 67. Why is the end of the bidding called "knocking down"? 68. Where did items the Romans used to sell by auction come from? 69. What is the use of a candle burned at auction sales? 70. How are the auctioneer's services paid for?

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D Americans smoke six thousand million cigarettes every- year (1970 figures). This is roughly the equivalent(相当于) of 4,195 cigarettes a year for every person in the country of 18 years of age or more. It is estimated (估计) that 51% of American men smoke compared with 34% of American women. Cigarette smoking is believed by most research workers in this field to be an important factor in the development of cancer of the lungs and cancer of the throat. Some competent physicians and research workers--though their small number is dwindling (减少) even further--are less sure of the effect of cigarette smoking on health. They consider the increase in respiratory (呼吸道) diseases and various forms of cancer may possibly be explained by other factors in the complex human environment. Gradually, however, research is isolating (使隔离) all other possible factors and proving them to be statistically irrelevant. While all tobacco smoking affects life expectancy and health, cigarette smoking appears to have a much greater effect than cigar or pipe smoking. Filters and low tar (焦油) tobacco are claimed to make smoking to some extent safer, but they can only marginally (略微) reduce, not eliminate (消除), the hazards (危险). Questions 71-75: Please complete the summary of the passage above with only one word for each blank. Nearly half the adult population of the U.S.A. are smokers, in (71) of the fact that medical research has shown beyond reasonable doubt that smoking is associated with poor health. One very (72)_____ disease with which smoking is thought to be (73) , is cancer. However, a few doctors think such things as bronchitis (支气管炎) and cancer have other (74) _____, but their view is not well-supported statistically. Although all forms of smoking are almost certainly (75)________ , cigarettes appear to be the most harmful. IV. Translation(翻译)(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,计 10 分) 76. An informal letter usually begins with a casual and friendly greeting. 77. When I held fast to my dreams, even during the tough times, the wonders really began to happen. 78. 太多的垃圾已经把美丽的城市变成了一个大垃圾箱。 (change... into) 79. 学生们轮流着照看这个老人,赢得了广泛的赞誉。 (take turns) 80. 如果你想考入一所好大学的话,你就应该在学习上付出大量的时间和努力。(put... into)

V. Error correction(短文改错)(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,计 10 分)
Example One of my favorite writers are Charlotte Bronte. She was born in the early nineteenth century when women had far fewer opportunities ∧ they have now. She lived in a small village in Yorkshire and she took great pleasure in walking on the moors where near her home. is than where

Firefighters were called out last night to a Taunton hotel which catching fire 81. ________ at around midnight. It appeared that the fire had broken on the first 82. ________ floor and spread rapid throughout the building. Unfortunately it coincided (同时发生) 83________ with gale-force winds which fuelled the flames. Although they had no 84.________ advance warning, the guests were able to get out of and the hotel manager felt 85. ________ they had had a narrow escape. Firefighter fought the blaze for several 86. ________ hours but eventually put it out. This fire comes at a time where 87. ________ there is growing concern about the health and safe regulations in holiday 88. ________ accommodation; the hotel owners now face the prospect of enquiry into 89. ________ the cause of the fire, and if they are held responsibility, they could face prosecution (起诉). 90. ________

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VI. IQ(智力测试)(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,计 5 分)
91. Which letter completes the last group? DBAC HFEG LJIK PNM(?) 92. Which figure completes the sequence?

93. A man who worked in the butcher shop ( 肉店 ) was 6 feet tall, had red hair and wore size 11 shoes. What did he weigh? 94. Find the missing letter and number.

95. Television is to the image what radio is to...? VII. VII. Writing(写作)(共 2 题;A 题满分 10 分,B 题满分 20 分,计 30 分) A) You're Wang Meng. Your pen-friend, Steve, wants to know something about the protection of antelopes (藏羚 羊) in China, Please write a letter to Steve according to the information given below. Your letter should be in 80-100 words. Past he number of antelopes was decreasing because they were killed for their fine fur. Present The government takes measures to protect antelopes: making strict laws; setting up reserves; stopping the killing; forbidding to buy or sell anything made of antelope fur. Result The living antelopes improved. conditions of have greatly

B) Nowadays some young students are pursuing pop music. They think it's necessary to follow fashion, while others just don't agree. Write a composition of about 120 words to present your opinion on this topic.

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2013 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)决赛
高一年级组试题答案及评分标准
听力部分 23. to sell 24. protect

21. old objects

22. studying

25. take measures

笔试部分(共七大题,计 120 分) I. Multiple-choice (选择填空) (共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,计 15 ) 26-30 ADCCB 31-35 ABDCC 36-40 DBABC Ⅱ Cloze (完形填空) (共 15 小题:每题 1 分,计 15 分) A) 41. useful 42. ourselves 43. refusing 44. explanations 45. honestly B) 46. contain 47. observations 48.gave 49. However 50. express 51. contributions 52. written 53. opposite 54. secret 55. experiences III. Reading Comprehension (阅读理解) (共 20 小题,56-60 每小题 1 分,61-75 每小题 2 分计 35 分) A) 56-56 DBB; 59-60 FT B) 61-65 FGBDA C) 66. An official approved auctioneer. 67. Because the auctioneer bangs the table with a hammer. 68. From the enemy in war. 69. To limit the time when offers are made. 70. In the form of a percentage of the price the goods are sold for. D) 71. spite 72. important/ serious/ dangerous 73. connected/ related 74. causes 75. dangerous/ harmful IV. Translation(翻译)(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,计 10 分) 76. 非正式的信函常以随意和友好的问候开头。 77. 当我坚持我的梦想时,即使是在艰苦的时期,奇迹也真的开始发生了。 78. Too much garbage/ rubbish has changed the beautiful city into a big garbage can/ dustbin. 79. The students take turns to care for the old man, which wins them a lot of praise. 80. If you want to get into a good university, you should put a great deal of time and effort into your study. V. Error correction(短文改错)(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,计 10 分) 81. catching--- caught 82. 在 broken 后加 out 83. rapid--- rapidly 84. √ 85.去掉 of 86. Firefighter--- Firefighters 87. where--- when 88. safe---safety 89. 在 enquiry 前加 an 90. responsibility---responsible

VI. IQ(智力测试)(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,计 5 分)
91. O. In each group, the last letter precedes the first one alphabetically. 92. C. The square moves one place horizontally (水平地)each time, and the circle moves one place vertically(垂直地)each time. 93. Meat. 94. 5 and Q. The top number increases by one each time. This number determines the number of letters separating the preceding letter from the one underneath. H is two letter (f, g) after E, L is three letters (i, j, k) after H, Q is four letters (m, n, o, p) after L. 95. The sound.

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VII. VII. Writing(写作)(共 2 题;A 题满分 10 分,B 题满分 20 分,计 30 分) A) One possible version: Dear Steve, I am very happy that you are interested in the protection of antelopes in China, so I’d like to tell you something about it. In the past, some people killed antelopes for their fine fur which can be made into many beautiful things that are very expensive. As a result, the number of antelopes was decreasing day by day. Now things are beginning to change. The government and the local people take powerful measures protect antelopes so that they will not die out in the future. They have taken many effective measures , such as making strict laws to protect antelopes, setting up, several reserves for the antelopes, and so on. Of course, it’s strongly prohibited to buy or sell anything made of antelope fur. Nowadays, to our joy, there are more and more antelopes in China. What’s more, their living conditions have greatly improved. Yours, Wang Meng B) One possible version: Young people have different attitudes towards music. As we know, most people throughout the world love music. However, nowadays young people have begun to show enthusiasm for pop stars. Many young people have a great passion for different kinds of pop music. They buy CDs and download songs from the Internet. They enjoy the fury and excitement pop music brings, and try to convey their own ideas in pop music. As far as I’m concerned, we cannot deny that pop music is an essential part of our life. However, pursuing pop music blindly should be discouraged. What we should do is to take a more critical attitude towards the pursuit of pop music. We should take the essence and discard the dregs. 听力原文 A) M:Hello, thank you for joining us for today’s Spotlight. I’m Mike Procter. Todays’ Spotlight is on an old song that holds an important message for the whole world. In April of nineteen eighty-five, something very strange happened. Eight thousands radio stations around the world played the same song. And they played the song at the SAME time! This song became the number one song played in the US and in the UK. In fact, this song became the fastest selling single song of its day. It sold over eight thousand copies in just three days. This set a new world record. Besides this, the song won many American music awards, like the Grammy Award and the People’s Choice Award. The name of this powerful song is “We are the world”. B) W:What do you think we should do to protect our cultural relics ? The first thing we must do is to sell the public how important it is to protect our cultural relics. Cultural relics are old objects that remind people of the past. By studying cultural relics, we can learn what our ancestors did and how they lived. If we don’t protect them well, we won’t get any information about the past. However, at present, people are free to dig up ancient graves and steal what is inside and they take these things to the market to sell. In order to stop people from destroying cultural relics, we must take measures. On the one hand, the government should make laws to protect cultural relics. On the other hand, we must call the police when we see someone stealing or destroying the cultural relics.

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