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特殊句式 强调、省略和倒装


【备战 2014】高考英语语法复习专题 特殊句式--强调、省略和倒装 (重点知识归纳+考点聚焦+仿真演练,22 页)

强调句 强调句型 注意点 例 句

为了强调句子的某一成分(通常是 原句:Last night I saw a film in the 主语、 宾语或状语)常用强调结构: Youth Palace. , It is (wa

s) + 被 强 调 部 分 强调主语: was I that (or: who) saw It +that(who)?; 表示强调的 it 在这种结构的句子 中作主句的主语,it 本身没有词 It is (was) + 义。 被强调部分 一般讲,原句的谓语动词如果是现 +that(who)? 在或将来各种时态, It is?that 用 (who)?;如果原句谓语动词是过 去 各 种 时 态 , 则 用 It was? that(who)?。 强调地点状语:It was in the Youth Palace that I saw a film last night. 强调时间状语: was last night that It I saw a film in the Youth Palace. It is/ was ? that ?结构不能 ①Do be careful when you cross the night. in the Youth Palace last a film in the Youth Palace last night. 强调宾语:It was a film that I saw

强调谓语,如果需要强调谓语时, street. 要用助动词 do/does 或 did。 注意: 谓语动词的强 调 ①do 用于对肯定的祈使句的强调 以及对实义动词一般现在时肯 过马路时,务必(千万)要小心啊! They do work hard at maths. 他们对数学的学习确实很努力。 ②He does send an email to me every

定句(除主语是第三人称单数) day. 的强调; ②does 用于对实义动词一般现在 时肯定句主语是第三人称单数 他确实每天都给我发电子邮件。 ③He did do his homework yesterday. 昨天他确实做了家庭作业。
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的强调; ③did 用于对实义动词一般过去时 肯定句的强调。 It is (was) +被强调部分+that(who)?句型的变式 ① Was it in 1969 ________ the American astronauts succeeded _______ landing on the moon ? 句式基本特征: It is (was) + 被强调部分 +that(who)? Is/ Was it +被强调部分 + that?; 或情态动词+it+ be+被强 调部分+ that? A. when; on that; in ②Could it be in the restaurant in ______ you had dinner with me yesterday ______ you lost your handbag? A. that; which that C. where; that — _______is 句式基本特征:特殊疑问 词+is/was it that?? 特殊疑问句形 或特殊疑问词+情态动词 式 +it+be++ 被 强 调 部 分 + that? what C. What; what; that what 句 式 基 本 特 征 : It 反意疑问句形 式 is/was+ 被 强 调 部 分 +that? , isn’t wasn’t it? 与名词从句的结合句式 强调句与其它 特征为:整个强调句型用 句型的结合 作名词性从句或者在强 A. that it was there B. where was the dictionary. / It was Alice and her boyfriend who sent the old man to the hospital, ______? A. do they it B. didn’t they C. wasn’t D. What; that; A. What; that; that B. That; that; it D. that; where _______has made Peter B. which; B. that; on C. when; in D.

_______he is today? —Determination.

D. was it

①I’ve already forgotten _________you put

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调句型中含有名词性从 句。

it that C. that where it was it was that 【解析】答案为 D。本题是经过变形的强调句型 用作宾语从句的体现,为了更好地理解,我们 分三步对其进行讨论。 第一步:复原→It was on the desk that I put the dictionary. 第二步:对划线部分提问→Where was it that you put the dictionary? 第三步:变为陈述语序,将其用作 forgotten 的 宾 语 从 句 则 变 为 : I’ve already forgotten where it was that you put the dictionary. D. where

②It was at the very beginning ____Mr. Fox made the decision _____ we should send more firefighters there. A. when; which C. then; so B. where; what D. that; that

【解析】答案为 D。 第一个 that 为强调句型中 的 that; 第二个 that 引导同位语从句, 说明 the decision 的内容。 ①It was in the small house _____was built 与定语从句的结合句式 特征为:在强调句型的被 强调部分或其他部分中 找出一个先行词,附上修 饰该部分的定语从句。 with stones by his father ____he spent his childhood. A. which; that C. which; which B. that; where D. that; which

【解析】答案为 A。本题含义为“是在这间小房 子里他度过了童年”,the small house 作先行

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词, 其后的定语从句缺做主语的关系代词; 第二 空所缺的应是强调句型中的结构词 that,故答 案选 A。 ②Is _______three hours ______the boy

_______family is poor to come to school on foot? A. it; that; whose takes; whose C. it for; that it takes; whose it; when; that; 【解析】 答案为 B。 本题结构复杂, 是定语从句、 强调句型的一般问句形式和句式 It takes sb. some time to do sth.的糅合。我们也分几步来 看这个句子: 第一步: 基本句式 It takes the boy three hours to come to school on foot. 第二步:以 the boy 为先行词,后面附上定语从 句,则变为: It takes the boy whose family is poor three hours to come to school on foot. 第三步: 用强调句型对上句中的划线部分进行强 调,则变为:It is three hours that it takes the boy whose family is poor to come to school on foot. 第四步:将上句变为一般疑问句可知答案。 句式特征为:在一定的上 强调句型的省 略形式 下文中,强调句型的 that(who)及其后面的部 分可以省略。作题时要特 ①—Who is making so much noise in the garden? —________ the children. A. It is B. They are C. That is D. B. it; that it

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别注意将其复原并加以 比较。

D. There are 【解析】答案为 A。强调句型在具体的语境中的 省略,其完整形式应是:It is the children who are making so much noise in the garden.。 ②—He was nearly drowned once. —When was that? —_______ was in 1998 middle school. A. That; that that B. it; when C. This; he was in

D. It; that

【解析】答案为 B。强调句的一种省略,完整形 式是:It was in 1998 when he was in middle school that he was nearly drowned. 省略句 省略在英语运用中,尤其是在交际对话中普遍存在。因为它可以避免重复,突出关键词语, 能做到言简意赅,并使上下文紧密连接。在历年的高考题中也屡见不鲜。省略有词法上的省 略, 也有句法上的省略。 词法上的省略 (如: 名词所有格后修饰的名词在以下情况可以省略; 冠词的省略;介词的省略;动词 不定式中的省略等) ,请参看有关专题的讲解。所以本专题着只谈句法上的省略和替代性省 略。 类 情况 别 说明

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①感叹句、祈使句中常省略主语和谓语 What a hot day (it is)!多热的天啊! ②在一些口语中可以省略某些句子成分 简单句中的省略 —(Will you)Have a smoke?你抽烟吗? —No. Thanks.不,谢谢了。 (Is there)Anything else to say?还有别的要说吗? Got a light?有火吗?(句首省略了 Have you) 句 ③特殊疑问句的省略 Where to?去哪里??(=Where are you going to?)? 法 ①John must have been playing football and Mary (must have been) doing 上 her homework..约翰一定在踢球,而玛丽一定在做作业。 的 ②His suggestions made John happy, but (his suggestions made) Mary 省 angry. 略 并列句中的省略 他的建议使约翰高兴,却使玛丽很生气。 ③Old McDonald gave up smoking for a while, but (he) soon returned to his old ways.老麦克唐纳戒了一阵子烟,可很快又抽上了。 ④Jack will sing at the party, but I know John won’t(sing at the party). 杰克将在晚会上唱歌,但我知道约翰不会在晚会上唱歌。 复合句中的省略,请参看有关从句。 替 so 可以替代句子常 代 和 believe, think, 性 suppose, hope 等动 省 词连用 略 (即 I believe it’s going to rain/I don’t believe it’s going to rain) —I believe not/I believe so.我想不会/我想会的。? 雨吗?? —Do you think it’s going to rain over the weekend?你认为周末会下 How wonderful!多妙啊!

倒装句 类 型 情 况 例 句

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①Not a word did I say to him. ②Never have I found him so happy. ③Little does he care 部分倒装 (部分倒装 是 把 be 动 词、情态动 词、 助动词放 到主语之前。 fell asleep. 如果句子中 ⑥Hardly/Scarcely had 没有这些词, he gone to bed when 要在主语之 he fell asleep. 前加助动词 ①Only then did I do/does/did realize the 等,而把原来 importance of maths. 的谓语动词 only+副词/介词短语/ 状语从句放在句首,要部 变成原形放 分倒装 在 主 语 之 注意:如果 only 后面不是加的状语,则 后。 ) 不可以倒装。 OnlyWang Ling knows this. ③Only when the war was over in 1918 explain it. is it possible to ②Only by this means 句首状语为否定词或半否定词: about what I said. 这 类 词 或 短 语 主 要 有 never,neither, ④I can’t swim. nor,little,seldom,rarely,hardly,scarcely,no Neither can he. sooner,not only,in no way,at no time,few, ⑤No sooner had he not,no 等等 gone to bed than he

was he able to get happily work. back to

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①So loudly did he speak that even people in the next 在 so...that, such...that 句型中,若把 so, room could hear him. such 引导的结构放在句首时,要部分倒装 ②Such great progress did he make that he was praised. Not only does John love Chinese, he is also good at speaking it. “Not only+分句,but also+分句”句型中的前一 分句要部分倒装 但 not only...but also...连接主语时,不 倒装。 Not only the mother but also the children are sick. ①Not until last week did they find the lost bike. ②Not until my son had Not until 放在句首,从句不倒装,主句部分倒装 entered the university did he realize the importance of time.

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①Proud as these nobles are, he’s afraid to see me. ②Tired as he was, he kept on running. =Tired though he was, he kept on as 引导的让步状语从句 注意:though 也有同样用法,只不过它有两种句 型而已。 running. =Though he was tired,he kept on running ③Child as he is, he knows a lot. (注意: child 前不能 带冠词 a) ④Try as she might, she failed. ①Many a time has John 在以 often, well, many a time, now and again given me good advice. 等方式或频度副词(短语)开头的句子中,要用部分 ②Often have we made 倒装 that test. ①Had I time ,I would go and help you. 在虚拟结构中,条件从句的谓语含有 were,had 和 should 这三个词时,可省 去 if,将这些词移至主语之前 ②Were I you, I would go abroad. ③Should he come , tell him to ring me up.

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①There stood a dog There be 结构。另外,在此结构中可以用来代替 be 动 词 的 动 词 有 : exist,seem, happen, appear,live,rise,stand 等 before him. ②There exist

different opinions on this question. ①Here comes the old lady! ②Then came the hour we had been looking forward to. ③There comes the bus.

完全倒装 ④Now comes your turn. (主语与谓 “Here/There/Now/Then+come/go/be 等+主 语” 除了 then 引导的句子用 语完全颠倒) 结构 过去式以外,其余的均 用一般现在时,表示一 种生动的描述。其次,如 果主语是人称代词,主 谓就不用倒装。 ⑤Here you are. ⑥There she comes. ①In came Mr White. 表示方向的副词 out,in,up,down 等置于句首, 要用全部倒装 ②Up went the arrow into the air. ③Away went the boy.

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①On the top of the hill stands a pine tree. ②In front of the 表示地点的介词短语(如 on the wall,under the classroom is a tree,in front of the house,in the middle of playground. the room 等)放在句首时,要全部倒装 ③They arrived at a house, in front of which sat an old man. ①Such are all the conclusions.所有的结 论就是这样。 ②Such such 作表语,置于句首,表示“这样的人/事物; man and the 20th 上述的人/事物”。 系动词须与后面的主语保持 be century’s greatest 一致。 scientist. 这就是爱因斯坦,一 个简单的人,也是 20 世纪最伟大的科学 家。 was Albert

Einstein , a simple

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①Society has changed and so have the people “so+助 动词/情态动词/系动词+主语”表示前 面叙述的情况也适合于另一个人或物,意为“也, 同样,也如此”。 注意:该结构与“so+主语+助 动词/情态动词/ 系动词”结构的区别 in it. 社会变了,人也变了。 ②—Tom works hard.汤 姆工作很卖力。? —So he does and so do you.的确如此,你也 是。 If “neither/nor+助动词/情态动词/系动词+主 语”表示前面叙述的否定情况也适合于另一个人 或物 you don’t

go,neither/nor shall I.(=If you don’t go,I shall not go.)你不去, 我也不去。

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①Present meeting Mr.Green,a

at

the was

headmaster.(形容词短 语) ②Such was the story he told me.(代词) ③East of the city lies a new railway. (副 词短语) ④First 其它形式的完全倒装 completed was the seven-storey teaching building. (不定式短语) ⑤Gone are the days when my heart was young and gay.(过 去分词) ⑥Lying on the floor was a boy aged 15. (现在分词短语) to be

(1)强调句式的基本形式:例句①②③④ (2)强调句式的变化形式:例句⑤⑥ (3)含有“(not)?until?”句型的强调句式:例句⑦⑧ (4)强调句与非强调句的辨别:例句⑨ (5)对谓语动词的强调:例句⑩
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①—Have you seem the film Under the Hawthorn Tree? — Of course, I have. It was in our village _______ it was made. A. that B. where C. when D. which

【解析】答案为 A。问话人询问对方是否看过《山楂树之恋》这部电影,答话人回答说当 然看过,这部 电影是在自己的村庄拍摄的。本句是强调句,被强调的部分是地点状语 in our village。 ②It’s not what we do once in a while ________ shapes our lives, but what we do consistently A .which B. that C. how D. when

【解析】答案为 B。此句强调句子的主语(从句) ,原句可改写成:Not what we do once in a while but what we do consistently shapes our lives.句意:决定我 们生活的东西不是我们偶尔所做的事情而是那些我们自始至终所做的事情。 ③John’s success has nothing to do with good luck. It is years of hard work _______has made him what he is today. A. why B. when C. when D. that

【解析】答案为 D。题干为强调句型,被强调部分为 years of hard work,故选 D 项。 ④It was from only a few supplies that she had bought in the village hostess cooked such a nice dinner. A. where B. that C. when D. which the

【解析】答案为 B。迷惑点在于强调部分中含有一个定语从句 that she had bought in the village。本句是对 from only a few supplies 进行强调。 ⑤Was it on a lonely island ________ he was saved one month after the boat went down? A. where B. that C. which D. what

【解析】答案为 B。此处强调的是句子的地点状语 on a lonely island,是强调句的一 般疑问句句型:Was it + 被强调部分+ that +句子?句意:他是不是在小船 沉没一个月后在一个孤岛上被营救的? ⑥It is not how much we do but how much love we put into what we do ________benefits our work most.
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A. who

B. which

C. that

D. what

【解析】答案为 C。所填词与 it is 构成强调句型,被强调部分是 not how much we do but how much love we put into what we do,指物,用 that,选 C 项。其余选项 与题意不符。句意:不是我们做了多少,而是我们对所做的事情投入了多少爱 心对我们的工作才最有利。 ⑦It was until last year that he ________________________. A. left school for a new start importance of learning English C. worked as an English teacher at a middle school house of his own 【解析】答案为 C。本题不含否定词 not,四个选项中只有 C 项中的动词 work 为延续性 动词,故选答案 C。 ⑧It was _____ he came bank from Africa that wear _________ he met the girl he would like to marry. A. when; then only; when 【解析】答案为 C。本题考查的是强调句型。根据 It is ??that 结构可知。 ⑨—Where did you get to know her? —It was on the farm ________we worked. A. that where 【解析】答案为 D。咋一看,似乎就是强调句,但是补全“It was on the farm where we worked that I got to know her”以后,我们就可以判断出这儿省略了强调 句。where 引导定语从句。 ⑩If you have a job, A. do devote devoting 【解析】答案为 A。此处应是祈使句,又有谓语动词的强调要借助助动词 do,故选 A。句 意为:“如果你有了一份工作,付出努力去做它,最后你定能成功。” yourself to it and finally you’ll succeed. B. don’t devote C. devoting D. not B. there C. which D. B. not; until C. not until; that D. D. set out to build a new B. came to realize the

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(1)简单句中的省略:例句①② (2)从句中 的省略:例句③④ (3)替代性省略:例句⑤⑥ ①—I was wondering if we could go skiing on the weekend. —_______good. A. Sound Sounds 【解析】答案为 D。Sounds good 实际上是 It Sounds good 的省略。 ②_______ a strange plant! I’ve never seen it before. A. Which B. What C. How D. Whether B. Sounded C. Sounding D.

【解析】答案为 B。此处为“What+a/an+adj.+n. +it is/was”的省略结构,故 B 项正确。 句意:多么奇怪的植物啊!我以前从没见过。 ③All the dishes in this menu, _____ otherwise stated, will serve two to three people. A. as unless 【解析】答案为 D。本题表面上看是在考查状语引导词,但实际上是在考查省略情况,把 句子补全“unless it is otherwise stated”才能理解句意。句意:在这份 菜单上的所有菜,除非另外说明,会够两到三个人食用。 ④Every evening after dinner, if not my dog. A. being tired to be tired 【解析】答案为 C。在 if 引导的条件状语从句中,从句中还原应为 if am not tired from work, 根据省略的原则,所以答案选 C 项。 ⑤Some of you may have finished unit one. _____ , you can go on to unit two. A. If you may If so B. If you do C. If not D. B. tiring C. tired D. from work, I will spend some time walking B. if C. though D.

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【解析】答案为 D。替代性省略。 If so = If you have done that / so。句意:你们 中的一些人可能已经完成第一单元, 如果是这样的话, 你们可以继续第二单元。 ⑥—You haven’t lost the ticket, have you? —_________.I know it’s not easy to get another one at the moment. A. I hope not so 【解析】答案为 A。替代性省略。本题 B、D 两项以 yes 开头,那就表示已经把票丢了, 与后文内容不相符,不能只说再弄票不容易,而应表示着急或遗憾才对。C 项 用于前句是肯定句的时候,此处若用,意思就是:我希望如此(=我希望我已 经把票丢了) ,显然不合理。A 项中的 not 一词替代一个与上文相同的否定句, 合乎语境。 B. Yes, I have C. I hope so D. Yes, I’m afraid

1.部分倒装 (1)否定词(+介词短语)或表示否定意义的短语置于句首时的倒装:例句①② (2)No sooner?than、Hardly?when、 Scarcely?when 句型中的倒装:例句③ (3)so/such?that 句型中的倒装:例句④ (4)only+状语(从句)置于句首的倒装:例句⑤ (5)as 引导的让步状语从句:例句⑥ (6)“Not only+并列分句,but (also)+并列分句”句型中的前一并列分句要部分倒装: 例句⑦ (7)Not until 引导的状语从句放在句首,从句不倒装,主句要部分倒装:例句⑧ ①—It’s nice. Never before ________such a special drink! —I’m glad you like it. A.I have had B. I had C. have I had D. had I

【解析】答案为 C。考查时态及倒装。never 是否定副词,置于句首,句子要部分倒装; 由语意可知说话人以前从未喝过这样特别的饮料,应该用现在完成时,故选 C 项。 ②I’ve tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means A. the teacher is not satisfied? B. is with my progress. the teacher not

17

satisfied? C. the teacher is satisfied D. is the teacher satisfied

【解析】答案为 D。by no means 意为“绝不”,放在句首时,句子要用部分倒装语序。 B 项多了 not 一词。 ③—Did Linda see the traffic accident?? —No, no sooner A. had she gone has gone 【解析】答案为 A。no sooner...than...为固定结构形式,表示“刚??就??”,no sooner 后常接“had+ 主语”这一倒装结构。 ④ about wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for than it happened.? B. she had gone C. has she gone D. she

further research. A. So curious the couple was? C. How curious the couple were B. So curious were the couple? D. The couple was such curious

【解析】答案为 B。so+ adj. /adv. 置于句首时,其主句需用部分倒装。 ⑤Only when he reached the tea-house ______it was the same place he’d been in last year. A. he realized did he realize 【解析】答案为 D。本题考查的是以 only 引导的状语从句引起的部分倒装,应把主句中 动词的助动词提前至句首,所以选 D 项。句意:只有当他到了茶馆的时候,他 才意识到跟去年呆的是同一个地方。 ⑥ Unsatisfied ______with the payment ,he took the job just to get some work experience. A. though was he was he though 【解析】答案为 B。as, though 等词引导让步状语从句时, 常将表语提前置于句首,其 后跟连词和正常的主谓语序。 ⑦The computer was used in teaching. As a result, not only__________, but students
18

B. he did realize

C. realized he

D.

B. though he was

C. he was though

D.

became more interested in the lessons. A. saved was teachers’ energy C. teachers’ energy was saved B. was teachers’ energy saved D. was saved teachers’ energy

【解析】答案为 B。在英语中 not only 位于句首时主谓要倒装,因此该句子中的主语 teachers’ energy 与谓语 was saved 要用倒装语序。句意:计算机应用于教 学。结果,不仅教师节省能量,而且学生对课程更感兴趣。 ⑧Not until I came home last night ________ to bed. A. Mum did go went 【解析】答案为 B。 not until 位于句首时要用半倒装的句型, 把助动词 did 提到主语 Mum 的前面。所以答案为 B 项。 2.完全倒装 (1)副词或介词短语置于句首时的倒装:例句①②③ (2)such+系动词 be+主语:例句④ (3)neither/nor+助动词/情态动词/系动词+主语:例句⑤⑥ (4) “so+助动词/情态动词/系动词+主语”和 “so+主语+助动词/情态动词/系动词” 的不同意义:例句⑦⑧⑨⑩ ①John opened the door. There _____ he had never seen before. A. a girl did stand stood a girl 【解析】答案为 D。Here, There, Thus, Then 等副词位于句首,且当句子的主语是名词 时,句子用全部倒装句,选 D 项。 ②For a moment nothing happened Then A. voices had come voices come 【解析】答案为 B。参看上题解析。 ③Hearing the dog barking fiercely, away _______. A. fleeing the thief B. was fleeing the thief B. came voices all shouting together. C. voices would come D. did B. a girl stood C. did a girl stand D. B. did Mum go C. went Mum D. Mum

C. the thief was fleeing

D. fled the thief
19

【解析】答案为 D。表示方位的副词位于句首要采用全倒装的结构:away+vi+sb.所以答 案为 D 项。 ④ A. Such is the power of TV that it can make a person suddenly famous. B. This C. That D. So

【解析】答案为 A。such 置于句首句子要倒装,防止误选 D。此处不是 such?that 或 so?that 句型;such 代替的是“that it can make a person suddenly famous.” , 选 A 项。句意:电视的功能如此强大,它可以让一个人瞬间出名。 ⑤Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jackson, and ______. A. I was neither either was I 【解析】答案为 B。句意:比尔对杰克逊耽误了报告的事不高兴,我也是(我也不高兴) 。 表示“某人也不”时,应该用“neither/nor+助动词/系动词/情态动词+主 语”。 ⑥If Joe’s wife won’t go to the party, A. he will either D. either he will 【解析】答案为 B。条件状语从句中表示否定意义,主句 重复前面句子的部分意思,否定 用 neither 或 nor 表示“前者不做某事,后者也不做”。 ⑦—My room gets very cold at night.?— A. So is mine mine does ⑧— It’s burning hot today,isn’t it?? — Yes. A. So was it So is it ⑨—Maggie had a wonderful time at the party.?— A. So she had So did she ⑩—Father, you promised!? —Well, .But it was you who didn’t keep your word first.
20

B. neither was I

C. I was either

D.

.? C. he neither will

B. neither will he?

. C. So does mine D. So

B. So mine is?

yesterday. B. So it was? C. So it is D.

and so did I. C. So she did D.

B. So had she

A. so was I did

B. so did I?

C. so I was

D. so I

【解析】以上⑦-⑩题都是考查“so+助动词/情态动词/系动词+主语”和“so+主语+ 助动词/情态动词/ 系动词”的意义区别。前者表示“某人做某事,某人也做某 事”。 而后者则表示说话人赞同对方所讲的话, 或对前面所发生的事情表示确定。 另要注意根据上文来选择恰当的助动词、情态动词或系动词。答案为 CACD。

1.The police were seeking more information to find out ______ the rich merchant. A. who was it that killed D. who was it killed 【答案与解析】B 考查考查强调句型及宾语从句。此处 who it was that killed the rich merchant 是 find out 的宾语从句,who 是强调句型被强调的部分,又因 who 是连词,故放在从句首。 2.It was in the factory _________ his friend worked _______ he picked up a lot of experience. A. where, where where, that 【答案与解析】D 考查强调句型及定语从句。第一空为 where 引导的定语从句;第二空强 调句型中的 that。 3.—Did you arrive here this morning? —Yes, it was at nine o’clock A. when D. that 【答案与解析】D 本句被强调部分是 at nine o'clock。 4.—Do you still believe in love? —Absolutely. It is not time, money, power or whatever but love pain. A. who B. which C. that D. what cures our we came here. C. which B. that, where C. that, that D. B. who it was that killed C. it was who killed

B. before

【答案与解析】 这是一个“it is ?that?”强调结构。 C 强调部分为“not time, money,

21

power or whatever but love”,里面使用了“not ?but”结构。 5. Is it only on the world market ________we can prove the competitiveness and quality of our goods? A. where D. how 【答案与解析】C 此句是强调句的疑问句形式。 6.—I don’t know —Honesty, I think A. how is it that D. what it is that 【答案与解析】D 上一句的意思是“我不知道是什么让她与众不同”,what it is that B. how it is that C. what is it that makes her different from others. B. which C. that

makes her different from others 是 know 的宾语从句,因此要用陈述语 序。从句是一个强调句,被强调部分是主语 what。 7.Was i t because of the heavy snowstorm in Europe _______ the flight had to be put off ? A. which 【答案与解析】D B. so C. why D. that

此处 because of the heavy snowstorm in Europe 是被强调的部分,

原语序为:The flight had to be put off because of the heavy snowstorm in Europe. 8.________makes some people appear astonishingly youthful while others seem much older than their actual age? A. What it is D. Why it is what 【答案与解析】B 句意:究竟为什么有些人会看起来年轻得让人吃惊,而另一些人却看起 来比实际年龄苍老得多?题干缺少主语,因此如果句首只填一个词时应填 What,变为强调结构的特殊疑问句则是 What is it that...。 9. Personally I think it is the headmaster, rather than the students, blame in this respect. A. is who are
22

B. What is it that

C. What it is that

to

B. that is

C. are

D.

【答案与解析】B 强调部分是“the headmaster, rather than the students” ,强调句 中连系动词应该与“the headmaster”在人称和数上保持一致。 10. —All the passengers were injured in the accident? children. A. it was D. there was 【答案与解析】A 强调句的省略,补全了就是“it was only three children that were injured in the accident” 。 11.Was it near the building, if I may ask, Martin Luther King gave the speech B. it were C. there were —No, only three

I have a dream?
A. where B. which C. that D. when

【答案与解析】C 强调部分是“near the building” ,尽管是地点,但是不用“where” 要用“that” 。解本题时,不要受插入的条件状语从句“if I may ask” 的影响。 12.My parents starving is lots of food and money then to make sure I don’t starve; so of my worries. B. did have left; the most D. did leave; the least

A. do leave; the most C. do have left; the least 【答案与解析】D

第一空用“did”对谓语动词“leave”进行强调。第二空表示“否定”

用“the least”意为“最不” 。句意:我父母的确给我留下了许多钱和吃 的,不至于让我饿死的。因此,我最不担心的就是会挨饿了。 13.Are you free tonight? ______, I'd like you to meet Tom, my new friend from the States. A. Even so B. When necessary C. If not D. If so

【答案与解析】D 替代性省略。If so.意思是:如果这样的话。这里 so 替代的是上文的: you are free。 14.—Have you been to the Great Wall? —Perhaps not in my memory. A. If any possible
23

,it might have been during my early childhood. B. If ever C. If not D. If

【答案与解析】B 替代性省略。 If ever 是 If I ever been to the Great Wall 的省略。 15. —We have waited for almost 30 minutes. How much longer do we have to wait? —________ the meeting finishes. I’m afraid there will be another 20 minutes. A. When Since 【答案与解析】C 答句是个省略句,补全了就是:We have to wait until the meeting finishes. 16.Not a single word A. he said he didn’t say 【答案与解析】C 语境:他昨天在会议上一句话也没有说。表示否定意义的词位于句首 at the meeting yesterday. B. said he C. did he say D. B. Unless C. Until D.

时,句子需要部分倒装。 17.Not until he called the secretary three times ______ that the manager went to an important meeting. A. did he tell D. he was told 【答案与解析】C 此处 not until 句型置于句首,主句用部分倒装。 18.—I am shocked at the news that many pupils were killed in the terrible traffic accident. —So am I. Little the safety of the poor children. B. the local government cared B. he told C. was he told

A. did the local government care for for C. did the local government care about cared about

D. the local government

【答案与解析】 考查倒装和短语辨析。 C 否定词 little 为否定副词, 所以用部分倒装结构, 故排除 B 和 D。care for 喜欢,care about 在乎。答语句意为:我也很震 惊,当地政府很少在意贫困儿童的安全。 19.______ at the news that her eyes rained tears. A. So was Rebecca sad C. So sad Rebecca was B. So sad was Rebecca D. Was Rebecca so sad
24

【答案与解析】B “so?that”结构中,so 和形容词提前,后面要用部分倒装结构。 20.Not only ______ a promise ,but she also kept it. A. did she make had she made 【答案与解析】A Not only 提前,用部分倒装结构。句意为:他不仅许下了诺言,而且 B. she made C. does she make D.

还坚守了诺言。 21.Nowhere else, as his mother told us, _______ except the cabin in the backyard. A. did he go he went 【答案与解析】A nowhere 的意思是:没有一个地方,表示否定意义的副词位于句首要用 部分倒装结构。 22. _______ a teacher has given permission is a student allowed to enter the classroom. A. If only Even if 【答案与解析】B 23. only+ if 引导的条件状语从句,放在句首用倒装语序。 B. Only if C. As if D. B. he did go C. went he D.

with his slippers on when he heard the terrible noise. B. Out rushed the boy C. Out the boy rushed D.

A. Out did the boy rush Rushed the boy out 【答案与解析】B

副词 out 提前,要用完全倒装结构。句意为:听到可怕的声音后,小

男孩穿着拖鞋就冲了出来。 24. —He ought to have been warned of the danger. to me. A. yes, he ought to So he was 【答案与解析】D so+主语+助动词/系动词/情态动词 表示“确实如此”。根据答语后 B. So he did C. So it was with him. D. —____, but he wouldn’t listen

半句可知空处表示他确实被警告了,因此选 D 项。 25. ________, she talks a lot about her favorite singers after she went home. A. A quiet student as she may be student
25

B. Quiet as she may be a

C. Be a quiet student as she may

D. Quiet student as she may be

【答案与解析】D 该倒装结构为:adj.+n.(单数)as+主语+谓语。故选 D 项。句意:尽 管她是个寡言的学生,但回家后关于她喜欢的歌手她也会谈很多。 26. Near the table ________ a poor dog, who desired to satisfy his hunger with ________ fell down the table. A. laid; something D. lay; that 【答案与解析】B 副词短语“Near the table”置于句首,构成完全倒装句。B 项中 lay 为 lie(躺)的过去式。第二空考查名词性从句,句中缺少主语,选 what, 综合两空选 B 项。 在本题中还要区别 lie(说谎), lied, lied; lay, lain; lay(放置;产卵),laid,laid。 27. At the sight of the policeman, ________ from behind the door. A. did the boy rush out out C. rushing out was the boy D. out rushed the boy B. the boy was rushing B. lay; what C. laid; that

【答案与解析】D 英语中一些表示方位的副词如 out, in, away, up, down 等放于句首, 句子用完全倒装。 28. —I could hardly understand what the foreigner said just now. —______, even though I have learned English for two years. A. So could I D. Hardly could I 【答案与解析】B 从下文 even though I have learned English for two years 可知, 这里要表达“我也不明白”,故用“neither/nor+系动词/情态动词/ 助动词+主语”结构。 29. —I don’t like English but I like Chinese very much._________. A. So do I So it is with me 【答案与解析】D 前面的句子中既有肯定又有否定要用“So it is with+主语”代替“so+ 助动词/情态动词/系动词+ 主语”的结构。 30. —It was careless of you to have left the house without turning off the cooker. B. Nor do I C. So I do — _______ D. B. Neither could I C. So couldn't I

26

—My God! ________. A. So were you did 【答案与解析】D 根据答语的前面部分可知说话人离开房子时的确没有关掉炊具。“so+ 主语+助动词”表示“确实如此”,而“so+助动词+主语”表示“?? 也如此”,因此 C 项不正确。 B. So was I C. So did I D. So I

27


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