说教材：短文改错是近几年高考中出现的一个重要题型，占卷总分10分。有10处 改动。短文改错是集语法知识与语言技能为一体的综合性英语试题。它要求考生在 阅读的基础上，综合运用语言知识，根据上下文的理解找出错误，再按题目所规定 的要求加以改正。高考中的短文改错主要考查学生的分析、判断、纠正错误的能力 和语篇整体评价能力，进而为英语作文打下基础。
目标： （1）. 了解高考短文改错试题结构相对稳定。 即：设置10项判断。其中有去词，加词和改词三项，共10处错误。 （一般情况下，去词和加词各出现一个，其余为改词。） （2）．掌握做短文改错的几种方法。并运用到实际学习中。 能力目标： （1）．要求答题规范，在做题中遵循规范化模式。 （2）．充分运用教学改革中使用的预习提纲、学习目标去预习----学习---巩固 所学知识。 情感目标： 使学生在愉快中了解学习方法，从而自如、自信的运用所学知识去 迎接高考
说教法： 教学方法：采用问答式、讲练形式、小组活动和个体活 动相结合方法.
教学重难点： 重点：短文改错方法中的：动词的混用；虚词的添加与删除，逻辑 不清，固定用法的误判等 难点：正确运用“浏览全文，了解大意。逐句分析，逐句改错。复读 全文，仔细推敲，最后复查”的解题策略
How to do Proof-reading
1. I can go to home now.
Missing word 2. I like playing piano. ∧ the Wrong word 3. I am fond at English. of
短文改错要做好， 常见类型应记牢 名词爱考“数”与“格”，冠词在前“错/ 多/少 动词时态和语态， 非谓语搭配莫错了 连代形副错一样， 多是故意来混淆 介词多半考搭配， 多漏误用想周到 句法涉及到“一致”，从句多考关系词 词法句法均为错， 逻辑推理去寻找 以上东西要记牢， 回读复查敲定稿
When the air move, we have wind.
I hold my lunch-box in my hand when I was going to school. held (2011全国）
1.Water pollution often bring on disease.
2.So far, he made a living by picking up wastes. has 3.The church burned down yesterday date from the 18th century. dates 4.Judge From his accent, he is a southerner. Judging 5.With a boy led the way,they started towards the village. leading
1.Don’t lose hearts, you’ll be successful in heart time. 2.I need some more informations. information 3.These machines look the same,but they
are of different kind. kinds
One of my unforgettable memory of my school in Xinjiang is… memories (2011全国）
In early January this year, the rate of UFO reports were steady, around three per weeks.(2011辽宁）
１．修饰名词，be动词，系动词要用形容词 ２．修饰动词，形容词，过去分词，整个句子用副词 ３．比较级和最高级的使用
It is still hardly for me to write in English. hard
1.The bad news made us feel sadly. sad 2.The children learn to read and write, they play games as good. well 3.It’s not good to keep children busily busy with their studies all day long.
his 与 her (one与ones，宾格(如me)与反身代词(如myself)等 的误用。
介词的误用、缺少或多余。常见的如in 与on，to与for， instead与instead of，because与because of等的误用。
连词的误用。如or与and，and与but，so与but的误用， because或since与so连用，though与but连用等。 冠词a, an和the的用法错误．
上下文不一致，甚至是自相矛盾，如称谓上的 张冠李戴，人名， 地名，时间方位等方面的错误
At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his father to choose a Christmas tree. They choose a big one. It was almost as taller as the room! They put them in the corner of the sitting room. Kate was covered it with a lot of Christmas light. The sitting room looked really beautifully at the moment. There was a fire burning in the fire place, but the Christmas tree lights were shinning brightly. Jim and his parents singing and dance happily.
At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his ____ on 介词短语常常考，习惯用法要记住
_________ father to choose a Christmas tree. They choose chose 动词形
a big one. It was almost as_______ as the room! taller
They put _______ in the corner of the sitting them it 代词格，细领悟
room. Kate was covered it with a lot of ＼ 动词形 Christmas _______ The sitting room looked light. lights 名词数 really beautifully at the moment. There was _____________ beautiful 还要注意形和副 a fire burning in the fire place, _____ the Chistmas but and 冠词连词须关注 tree lights were shinning brightly. Jim and his
___ parents singing and dance happily. ∧ were 动词形? dancing
1.通读短文，掌握大意 2.细读全文，逐一作答 3.复读全文，验证答案
The long-desired winter vacation was arrived in / the end. As soon as the bell rang ,announced the end of the ______
___ class …Half an hour late, my good
friend Li Ming and I… Such crowded was the train they had to… __
___stay with Thinking of the coming Spring Festival and the two-weeks _ed_ parents, we both felt exciting…With\/help of Li Ming, I caught the
thief and force him …The thief was taken away by the guard. Praised ed
by other passengers, and we felt proud of what we had done ( )
上文是对2012年我校10月13,14号，哈三中的英语试题某考生在作答 时所犯典型错误为例加以分析，让我们知道应该如何规范解答短文 改错题而有效得分。
短文改错规范答题应从平时做起， 考生在平时的练习、考试中就应严 格要求自己，认真按照该题的解题 要求来规范答题。养成了良好的习 惯，高考时自然就不会出错，当然 也就能有效地得分了。