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【创新设计】2017版高考英语一轮复习 Unit 12 Culture Shock课时作业 北师大版必修4


Unit 12 Culture Shock
基础训练 Ⅰ.用适当的介词或副词填空 1.With the TV programme If You Are the One,its host Meng Fei has become more and more familiar ________ the audience all around China,even the wo

rld. 2.As generation gap exists,we must bear ________ mind that the younger people might not like that idea. 3.He requested help ________ the librarian to find the book he wanted. 4.The computer department is attached ________ the consumer products division. 5 . About the survey , the expert finally drew a conclusion contrary ________ Mr White's. 6.He keeps telling us that the future belongs ________ the young. 7.If you drive as recklessly as that,you'll end ________ hospital. 8.The classroom teacher must be sensitive ________ a child's needs. 答案 1.to 2.in 3.from Ⅱ.完成句子 9.________________(上次我见到那男孩时),he was playing with water by the river. 10.I didn't know ________________(谁应该为那个错误负责). 11.I ________________(找到这所学校有困难) that I will work in. 12.I ________________(仍不习惯使用)the knife that is used to cut bread. 13.Who will ________________(给客人送行)at the station this afternoon? 答案 9.The last time I saw the boy 10.who to blame for the mistake 11.have a 4.to 5.to 6.to 7.in 8.to

difficult time (in) finding the school 12.am still not used to using 13.see the guests off Ⅲ.根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 What Teenagers Can Do To Earn More Respect As teenagers continue to grow and develop into young adults, the transition into adulthood has begun. With so many physical and emotional changes going on, certain

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manners are often forgotten and other adult traits(品质)are not yet accepted as a way of life. __14__By doing the following things, you will earn more respect. 1.Contribute to the household At the very least, clean up after yourself. As a teenager, you are old enough to clean up after yourself. When you make a mess, clean it up. __15__ All chores that you do help to reduce the load of the person who did them before. Now that you're old enough and capable, why shouldn't you contribute to the household? __16__ 2.Be responsible __17__Whether they are basic things, like brushing your teeth or doing your homework, or more involved chores that contribute to the household, simply fulfill your responsibilities on time. When adults know that they can rely on you, their trust and respect for you will increase. 3.Solve more of your own problem without asking for help Instead of taking the easy approach and asking for help, make an effort to solve your problems on your own first. The “easy way” is only easy for you, but it is an extra task for the person from whom you are seeking help. Seek help only after you have made an honest effort to solve your own problems. __18__ a good problem solver, you increase your value to the community. A.Everyone has certain responsibilities. B.By being aware of these manners and traits, you can manage them sooner. C.The people doing the chores before will greatly appreciate the help. D.This includes,but is not limited to, your dishes and your room. E.It will make your life more pleasant F.Depending on the problem, 15 minutes of effort is usually a good guideline. G.When speaking to a group, speak loud enough. 答案 14.B 15.D 16.C 17.A 18.F Ⅳ.课文浓缩短文改错 Visiting Britain Dear Aunt Mei, How time flies! It has been 6 months since I come here. I owe you a apology for
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When you become

not writing to you more often. I've been busy studying and trying to absorb all the new thing around me, for I'm still experiencing culture shock. I'm glad you will visit me soon and I'll tell you something about London. London is an international city that there are many international restaurants and there is at least one Chinese restaurant in almost every town. You have to get used to the tipping system there. I suggest leaving 10% of the bill for the waiter and waitress. You can get some traveller's cheques as that is easy to exchange them at banks or hotels. I think we should consider staying in the English countryside for a few nights so as to enjoy hiking and taste some mushrooms. Don't forget bring a warm coat for it can get pretty cold and foggy here. One last thing, don't worry about how to get along with the people here because of the majority of them is quite friendly. I am looking forward to your visit! Love Xiaojin 答案 Visiting Britain Dear Aunt Mei, How time flies! It has been 6 months since I come a here. I owe you apology came an

for not writing to you more often. I've been busy studying and trying to absorb all the new thing around me, for I'm still experiencing culture shock. I'm glad you things

will visit me soon and I'll tell you something about London. London is an international city that there are many international restaurants and there is at where

least one Chinese restaurant in almost every town. You have to get used to the tipping system there and . I suggest leaving 10% of the bill for the waiter waitress. You here or traveller's cheques as that is easy to exchange them at banks or it

can get some hotels.

I think we should consider staying in the English countryside for a few nights
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so as to enjoy hiking and taste some mushrooms. Don't forget for it can get pretty cold and foggy here.

? bring a warm coat to

One last thing, don't worry about how to get along with the people here because of the majority of them is quite friendly. are

I am looking forward to your visit! Xiaojin Love 能力提升 Ⅰ.完形填空 体裁:夹叙夹议 话题:同情与关爱 词数:276 时间:17′ When my husband, Bob, died very suddenly in January 1994, I received__1__ from people I hadn't__2__ in years: letters, cards, flowers, calls and visits.I__3__ grief, supported by this outpouring of__4__ from family, friends and even mere acquaintances(相识但不熟悉的人). One message touched me deeply.I__5__ a letter from my best friend from sixth grade through high school.We had__6__ somewhat since graduation in 1949, as she stayed in our hometown and I had not.But it was the kind of__7__ that could quickly begin again even if we lost__8__ for five or ten years. Her husband, Pete, had died perhaps 20 years ago at a young age,__9__ her with deep sorrow and heavy__10__ : finding a job to gain money and__11__ three young children.She and Pete, like Bob and I, had shared one of those rare, close, “love -of-your-life-you-can-never-forget” relationships. In her letter she__12__ a short interesting story about my__13__.She wrote, “When Pete died, your dear mother__14__ me and said, ‘Trudy, I don't know what to say...so I'll just say I love you.’” She closed her letter to me and__15__ my mother's words of so long ago, “Bonnie, I don't know what to say...so I'll just say I love you.” I felt I could almost__16__ my mother speaking to me now.What a(n)__17__ message of sympathy! How dear of my friend to__18__ it all those years and then__19__ it
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on to me.“I love you”.__20__ words.A gift.I will never forget these words and I will pass them on to others like my mother and my friend. 1.A.solution C.sympathy B.communication D.sorrow

答案 C [根据下面的 letters, cards, flowers, calls and visits 可知,在丈夫去 世以后,作者收到的是人们的同情。文章最后也有提示。] 2.A.heard from C.depended on B.cared about D.come about

答案 A [收到信、卡片等用动词短语 hear from。] 3.A.published C.considered B.defeated D.experienced

答案 B [有那么多家人、朋友和相识但不熟悉的人的关爱,作者战胜了悲伤。] 4.A.love C.protection B.happiness D.opportunity

答案 A [根据前面的 supported by 可知作者获得的应该是来自别人的爱。] 5.A.accepted B.wrote C.delivered D.received

答案 D [根据 from my best friend from sixth grade through high school 可知, 应该用 receive。receive a letter“收到一封信”。] 6.A.separated B.introduced C.forgiven D.left

答案 A [根据后面句子的意思可以判断, “我们”自 1949 年毕业后分开。 她呆在我们 的家乡而作者没有。] 7.A.agreement C.friendship B.appointment D.behavior

答案 C [虽然分别好多年了,但这种友谊还是能够很快再开始的。] 8.A.temple 答案 B.interview C.desire D.touch

D [lose touch“失去联系”。根据句子意思“即使我们失去联系我们的友谊也

能很快再次开始”,可知,此空填 touch。] 9.A.turning C.leaving B.expressing D.entertaining

答案 C [丈夫在 20 年前去世,给她留下了深深的悲伤。]
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10.A.impressions C.problems

B.responsibilities D.debts

答案 B [通过下面的 finding a job and ________ three young children 可知,丈 夫的死给她留下了很重的责任。文章中没有提到丈夫给她留下沉重债务的事。] 11.A.raising B.dressing C.conducting D.charging

答案 A [丈夫死后,她要找工作,还要养活三个孩子。raise children“养孩子”。] 12.A.shared 答案 B.made C.forgot D.doubted

A [在她写给我的信中,她和我一起“分享”了有关我母亲的一个有趣的故事。

其他选项不符合短文意思。] 13.A.husband 答案 B.mother C.child D.friend

B [从下文的 When Pete died, your dear mother...可知,她向我讲述的是关

于我妈妈的故事。] 14.A.admired B.threatened C.promised D.hugged

答案 D [此处用 “hug”表明我的妈妈对她的关爱和安慰。] 15.A.removed B.repeated C.intended D.operated

答案 B [根据下面的“Bonnie, I don't know what to say...so I'll just say I love you.”可知,她在重复我妈妈说过的话。] 16.A.suffer 答案 B.direct C.confuse D.hear

D [根据 my mother speaking to me now 可知,作者感觉到自己正在听(hear)

妈妈对自己说的话。] 17.A.terrible C.powerful 答案 B.energetic D.interesting

C [从短文的内容可以判断妈妈对别人表示同情的话是多么有力量,很多年后还

让人记住。] 18.A.cherish B.debate C.scan D.seek

答案 A [我的朋友自今还记住(珍爱着)我妈妈的话。其他选项不能表达这个意思。] 19.A.choose B.pass C.inform D.relate

答案 B [pass on“传递”,符合句子意思。其他三个选项不能与 on 搭配。] 20.A.Perfect B.Talented C.Critical D.Current

答案 A [根据整篇短文的内容,作者认为 “I love you”是一句非常完美的语言,它
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能使人们感觉到别人对自己的关爱。] Ⅱ.阅读理解 A 体裁:说明文 话题:文化传统 词数:325 时间:6′ In America, it is the custom to express appreciation to people who help you in any way.Because it is commonly practiced, most people expect to be thanked when they do something for someone. A foreign student should not be overly concerned about how to say “thank- you,” most important is to remember to always express appreciation in one way or another.Here are some best ways to express your appreciation: ?Always verbally(口头地) communicate appreciation.When the favor shown did not require a great deal of time or effort, a verbal “thank-you” is enough. ?Write a short letter or “thank-you” note.Small note cards with “Thank You” printed on the front are sold in most campus bookstores, as well as “Thank You” greeting cards. ?Give a small, twobit gift.The gift can be purchased or something you make. ?Treat the friend to a meal, a movie, or just a snack. If the favor shown is small, a verbal “thank-you” is adequate.For example, if you ask someone for directions, for help with a homework problem, for information, etc., saying “thank you” verbally is enough.The closer the relationship, the less formal the expression of gratitude needs to be. When an American family or friend invites you into their home for a meal, mailing a thank-you note to them a day or so later would be appropriate.It is not necessary to carry a gift to the home when you go to eat.But a small bouquet of flowers or a small box of candy would also be appropriate.If you stay overnight in a home, a thank-you note should be left on the bed or bedside table as you leave or mailed to the hostess soon after.If you spend Christmas with an American family, prepare to give a gift to the family.You don't need to buy an expensive gift at any time. 【语篇解读】 “谢谢你”是美国人的常用口语。 本文告诉你说“谢谢你”的场合和如何恰 当地向别人表达谢意。
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21.The most important thing for a foreign student to do is to ________. A.show thankfulness to others when he/she gets help B.always care about how to say “Thank you” to others C.help others and try to get as much appreciation as possible D.remember a “Thank you” is enough for all kinds of help 答案 A [细节理解题。根据第二段中的 most important is to remember to always

express appreciation in one way or another 可知,作为一个在美国的外国学生最重 要的是在得到帮助时,不要忘记向别人表示感激之情。] 22.We may know from the passage that ________. A.there is no need for “Thank you” between friends and close relationship B.the further the relationship, the more formal the expression of gratitude needs to be C.taking a “thank-you” note with you when you go to an American family for a meal D.always taking gifts for all family members when you visit an American family 答案 B [细节理解题。根据 The closer the relationship, the less formal the

expression of gratitude needs to be.可知 B 项正确。] 23.The underlined word “twobit” in the passage probably has the same meaning as ________. A.cheap B.expensive C.rare D.precious

答案 A [词义猜测题。根据短文最后一句,结合画线单词前面的 small 可以判断画线 单词的意思应该是“便宜的;不贵的”。] 24.The passage is mainly written for ________. A.people who are often helped by others B.those who are impolite to others C.foreign students studying in America D.people who want to visit America 答案 C [推理判断题。作者先说明在美国说“Thank you”是一种风俗,接着又提到 A foreign student,下文说明的是在美国如何表达感激。故文章主要是写给在美国学习的 外国学生的。]
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B 体裁:说明文 话题:文化 词数:341 时间:8′

Many scholarships require that you write an essay in order to be considered for the prize money.However, if you're the sort of person that shivers whenever they have to complete a writing assignment, this may not be the best of news.Luckily for you, there is no reason to fear the scholarship essay.The following tips should help you conquer this not-so-easy aspect of the scholarship application process. You should always outline your essays.This does not just apply to scholarship essays, either.An outline helps lend focus to your thoughts and helps you create a picture of the “whole” that the essay will become.Judges can't stand when your writing is loose, lacks coherence(连贯性) or when you fail to connect your main points.They want to see that you can support your argument well with clear and brief examples and that these examples do, in fact, relate to the topic at hand. If you have a choice in the topic you get to write about, always try to select something you are personally interested in.Don't write what you think the judges want to hear.This will only amount in an essay that reads like everyone else's, which is not a great way to make yourself stand out. If you are bored with a topic, then your essay will be boring as well.Make sure your ideas follow a clear and logical path, meaning they are connected well and the transitions(过渡) easily flow from one idea to the next.Likewise, try to stay away from the obvious or the sad story.Yes, college will be a life-changing experience, but can you think of an interesting reason why this is so? And yes, it is terrible that you lost a family member at a young age, but what does it have to do with winning this scholarship? Judges can smell sad stories from a mile away, so only pull at the heartstrings if you have a proper reason for doing so. 25.When writing a scholarship essay, an outline is necessary because it helps you ________. A.focus on the details of the essay B.think more about the scholarship C.make a picture of the whole essay
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D.draw much attention from the judges 答案 C [细节理解题。 根据第二段中的 An outline helps lend focus to your thoughts and helps you create a picture of the “whole” that the essay will become. 可知,概要可以使整个文章的主要内容一目了然,也就是说,概要是整篇文章的概述。C 为正确选项。] 26.Your essay will be appreciated by judges if it ________. A.turns out to be loose B.is short of coherence C.is unable to connect the main points D.supports your argument with brief examples 答案 D [细节判断题。根据第二段第 4 句 Judges can't stand when your writing is loose, lacks coherence(连贯性) or when you fail to connect your main points. 可排除 A、B、C 三个选项;根据第 5 句 They want to see that you can support your argument well with clear and brief examples 可知 D 项正确。] 27.When choosing what to write about, you'd better ________. A.choose a subject you are personally interested in B.know what the judges' feelings and interests are C.select something that is popular among students D.know what the judges want to hear and know 答案 A [细节理解题。由第三段第一句可知答案。] 28.What is the author's opinion on writing the topic of a scholarship essay? A.The essay should include the obvious or the sad story. B.You must keep your mind in a clear and logical path. C.You'd better try to put an interesting story in it. D.Try to say as much as you can about your family. 答案 B [细节理解题。根据最后一段第二句 Make sure your ideas follow a clear and logical path 可知 B 选项正确。] Ⅲ.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
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增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Joan, Hello.You've no idea that how much I'm missing you! Why hadn't you written me for such a long time? Are you all right recently? My summer's holidays have already started.What about yours? You said last time when you would pay a visit to my city, did you still remember? Will you be able to carry your plan this summer? Please write to tell me all about that,so that I can be well preparing ahead of time if you did come.As you known,I'm fond of collecting stamps very much.Could you send me some American stamps if possibly? With love to you. Yours, Wang Lin 答案 Dear Joan, Hello.You've no idea that how much I'm missing you! Why

hadn ' t you written haven ' t

me for such a long time? Are you all right recently? My

summer 's holidays have summer

already started.What about yours? You said last time

when you would pay a visit that

to my city,

? did 或 can you still remember? Will you be able to carry your plan out do
preparing prepared

this summer? Please write to tell me all about that,so that I can be well

ahead of time if you

known did come.As you ,I'm fond of collecting stamps very know do
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much.Could you send me some American stamps if With love to you.

possibly ? possible

Yours, Wang Lin Ⅳ.书面表达 假如你叫李华,在你所在学校外面有一个集市,小商贩的叫卖声影响学生学习,他们还 把街道弄得很脏很臭,交通也不通顺。请你给《英语辅导报》社的编辑老师写一封信,反映 以上情况并建议有关部门采取措施,严格管理市场。 要求:词数 100 左右。 参考词汇:小商贩 pedlar 信的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。 Dear editor, I'm a middle school student.

Yours, Li Hua 【参考范文】 Dear__editor, I'm__a__middle__school__student.As we all know,it is important for us to have a quiet place to study in.I'd like to tell you what I have seen outside our school. Some pedlars sell vegetables,fruit,meat and so on in the street.They make oral advertisements to draw the passers-by's attention.We can hear the noises in our classrooms and can't listen to our teachers clearly.Besides,they also make the streets dirty,smelly and crowded. I hope we can have a quiet place to study our lessons.So I write to you in order to get the situation improved.At the same time,I suggest that the government should
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take measures to keep the market under strict control. Yours, Li__Hua

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