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高考短文改错讲解


高考短文改错讲解
高考短文改错解题步骤 1. 2. 3. 4. 通读全文,从语篇入手,理解文章大意 在理解大意的基础上,审查句子结构 从语法结构入手,进行语法改错 通读全文

Part 1 一.词的用法 1)连词 2)冠词 3)介词

4)形容词和副词

二.一致性问题: 1)主谓一致 2)名词的单复数一致 3)代词的指代一致 4)时态语态一致 5)非谓动词与逻辑主语一致 6)行文逻辑关系的一致 Part 2 案例分析 (词的用法) 1.Though it was cold, but he went out without a cap. 1_________ 2.You can’t consider him a honest man. 2_________ 3.China Daily is also popular to students of English. 3_________ 4.The bad news made us feel sadly. 4________ 5.I hate him as more as you do. 5_______ 一、词的用法 1. 连词 1. It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest. ______ 2. We have got to know but learned a lot from each other. _____ 3. Since you have visited Greece several times, so I would like to know whether you have seen the old buildings ... _______ 2.冠词 ? I’m glad you have made such a great progress ____ ? 2. Most public libraries also have a reading-room, where you can sit at the desk and read the daily newspapers, magazines ... __________ ? 3. I gained so much confidence that I went back to school as new person. _______ ? 4. And if he breaks the laws of society as he used to break the laws of his parents, he may go to the prison. ______ 3.介词 ? 1.I think you are fit it. ______ ? 2. He should make the class very active for joking with the students._____ ? 3. Could you share your experiences for us? _______ ? 4.He went to bed at the moment I went home. _______ ? 5. The city looks as an old man with leaves fallen from the trees. ______ 4. 形容词和副词 1.It is clearly that your life in your country is quite different from mine. ______ 2.In some places you may borrow as more books as you need. ________ 3. You always gave me specially attention. ______

4. We can hear birds singing happy all around. ________ 5. Last year, my English teacher proved to be the more popular in our school. _______ 二、一致性问题: 1.Every means have been tried to finish the task. 1_________ 2.I need some more informations. 2_________ 3.The police are doing his best to help the homeless. 3________ 4.These books have returned to the library. 4_______ 5.So far, he made a living by picking up wastes. 5_______ 6. The young man dressing in blue is my brother. 6_______ 7.With a boy led the way,they arrived the village. 7_____ 8.Her mother asked, “When will you go home for dinner? Your father and I are waiting for you.” 8________ 1.名词单复数一致 1. If you have interests in it, reply to me soon. ______ 2. Your knowledges of Greece can help the whole class. ______ 3. They have all sorts of course. I’m sure you will find one you like. ______ 4.He had no ideas that the kitchen was not for guests. _____ 5. In summer, the sea under the blue skies is even more beautiful. ______ 2.时态语态一致 1.I’ll send my friend Charlie to meet you at the airport when you arrived. _______ 2. You are not permit to take them out. _______ 3. I’m glad to learn that you’ve been settled down in Boston and are getting used to the local way of life. _______ 4. Last summer I take a part-time job in the lnternational Camp for children. 3.主谓一致 1. Anyone can borrow books if he or she wish. ______ 2. Here are the information about Manchester University. _______ 3. When our six children were young,suppertime were always being interrupted by neighborhood children ... _______ 4. What may surprise you are that I’m going to the US this July in a summer camp! 4.代词的指代一致 1.On the first day of Camp, you came up to myself while I was sitting alone. _____ 2. Yes, it is clear that your life in your country is quite different from me.____ 3. You may keep the books for several weeks so that you can have enough time to finish it.______ 4. If he spends most of his time playing about in the way like he used to as a child, they will go hungry. ________ 5.非谓语动词与逻辑主语一致 1. I’m looking forward to hear from you soon. ______ 2. I just want to thank you for helping me becoming a different person._______ 3. Burying in the cave for so long, she died unluckily. _________ 4. Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also gives us a sense of fair play and team spirit. ______

6. 行文逻辑关系一致 1). Since you have visited Greece several times, I would like to know whether you have seen the old buildings here. _______ 2). The air keeping the balloon up was escaping quickly and the balloon was coming up._______

Exercise
Dear Mother, Today I visited the Smiths—my first time visit 1_______ to American family. They live in a small 2_______ town. It was very kind for them to meet me 3_______ at the railway station and drove me to their home. 4_______ The Smiths did his best to make me feel 5_______ at home. They offered me coffee and other 6_______ drinks. We have a good time talking and laughing 7_______ together. They were eagerly to know everything 8_______ about China but asked me lots of questions. In fact,9______ they are planning to come to China next year. 10______ time

Exercise:
I’m writing to ask you come to our class for a visit. I’ve heard that you have been to Greece. In our Greece unit, we have been learning about it’s rich culture and long history. Since you have visited Greece several times, so I would like to know whether you have seen the old buildings here. We have learned a lot from the textbook, but I believe you personal experience will be a lot better. Your knowledges of Greece can help the whole class. Could you share your experiences for us? It will be surely exciting and rewarding. I hoped that you think about my request and visit us as soon as possibly.

Exercise:
Dear Anish, Here are the information about Manchester University.It is about 200 miles far away from London, and it has a very big schoolyard. You can live in the school or near the school. They have all sorts of course. I’m sure you will find one you like it. I know you are particular interested in Human Rights. So I will see that there is anything on their website(网址).I’ll send my friend Charlie

meet you at the airport when you arrived. You met him a few years ago, but he has changed a lot since then. Both your aunt or l look forward to seeing you again.


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