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高中英语写作指导:如何归纳总结(公开课)苏州工业园区苏大附中陶轶君


The Road Not Taken ? ------- By Robert Frost
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth. Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear; Though as for that the passing there Had worn them really about the same.

And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I kept the first for another day! Yet knowing how way leads on to way, doubted if I should ever come back.
I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference.

黄色的树林里分出两条路 可惜我不能同时去涉足 我在那路口久久伫立 我向着一条路极目望去 但我却选择了另外一条路 它荒草萋萋,十分幽寂 显得更诱人,更美丽 虽然在这两条小路上 都很少留下旅人的足迹

虽然那天清晨落叶满地 两条路都未经脚印污染 呵,留下一条路等改日再见 但我知道路径延绵无尽头 恐怕我难以再回返
也许多少年后在某一个地方 我将轻声叹息把往事回顾 一片森林里分出两条路 而我却选择了人迹更少的一条 从此决定了我一生的道路

补充材料微写作

How to polish a summary and make it coherent?
Soochow University High School Tao Yijun

After this class, you are expected to:
? polish your own writing about “book recycling” by following the teacher’s instruction; ?review each other’s summary on “drug use”; ?improve your summary and make it more coherent

阅卷老师,

我拿什么吸引你?

Handwriting really counts!

Beijing, August 19—Shanghai will launch a pilot text book recycling scheme in secondary schools from this fall semester to reduce textbook paper consumption, the Shanghai Education Commission revealed yesterday. The first batch of textbooks to be recycled or reused will be middle school music material. Books on other subjects such as art, physical education and even major subjects like Chinese, math and English, will be included gradually. The schools taking part in the program will have to purchase new textbooks about every five years and distribute them for students’ use during class sessions. But the book will have to be collected and kept on campus after class, rather than allowing students to take them back home, so that they could be passed on to the next batch of students.

Possessing one’s own brand-new textbook has been a routine for local elementary school students for decades. The practice, however, leads to huge paper consumption, officials said. For instance, there are nearly 2 million elementary school students in the city, with an estimated 4,000 tons of paper needed each year. Had these books been reused for five years, more than 80,000 trees could have been saved. In western countries, such as Australia and America began this practice years ago, which set a good example to other countries, esp. developing ones. (Edited form Shanghai Daily)
1.用约30个单词写出上文概要; 2. 用约120个单词发表你的观点,内容包括: (1) 支持或反对课本回收 (2) 用2~3个理由或论据支撑你的观点。

Beijing, August 19—Shanghai will launch a pilot text book recycling scheme in secondary schools from this fall semester to reduce textbook paper consumption, the Shanghai Education Commission revealed yesterday.

材料概括要素
? Who ? What ? Why (Result)

Comparison
? Shanghai is going to follow the western countries to recycle textbooks. ? The scheme will start from middle school music material. ? More than 80,000 trees could have been saved if it works.

? As is shown in the article, Shanghai will launch a pilot textbook recycling scheme to reduce paper consumption, which will be of great help to protect environment. (赵苏)

Tip 1: Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence. ? As is indicated/conveyed in the article… ? What this passage conveys is that… ? The passage tells us that…

Tip 2: Avoid a group of loose sentences.

Tip 2: Avoid a group of loose sentences.
? How? Firstly, it will not be convenient for students to review if the textbooks are collected. Secondly, some textbooks may be destroyed by the bad students. In addition, it is not the only way to save trees. In conclusion, it is not a good thing to recycle textbook.

How to avoid a group of loose sentences? ? Good as it sounds, it still can bring about some problems.
? If books of major subjects are recycled, students will need extra notebooks. As a consequence, the textbooks are replaced by notebooks, which can’t help reduce paper consumption at all. ? What’s more, the textbooks will be worn out, making it difficult for students of next grade to acquire knowledge. (张依蝶)

如何衔接句子? ? 辨析逻辑关系(因果、递进、转折、对比、 强调、条件、先后、总结、并列…)善用 各种逻辑连词 ? 尝试用(定语)从句来衔接句子 ? 尝试使用非谓语动词

Still Remember?
? The charming ease with which we can now get and give attention is why many people appear overly attached to their smart phones.

? The consequences of our transformed attention exchanges will be psychological and social, and so may take longer to identify, but they will be equally damaging.
? It will also address criticisms that pupils are expected to study so many subjects that there is little time for creative learning.
(盐城卷阅读好句欣赏)

Try to make these sentences more coherent and cohesive. ? Without Every time finished a school term, II had any Iroom to place the books, no alternative butof tothe sellbooks most of or would sell most orthem, just throw simply throw them away, except the valuable them away unless they were still valuable ones. for my examinations. the recycling beenhad launched ? Had I had no choice! Iprogram have never enough before, this kind of problem would never room to place them ! have bothered me. ? If the recycling program was launched before, however, this kind of problem would never had bothered me.

Drug use in show bizz world sends dangerous signal to youth

? What is the main idea of this passage?
? Drug use in show bizz world sends dangerous signal to youth

Drug use in show bizz world sends dangerous signal to youth
1. Why is illegal drug use the most treacherous Support the main idea and clarify celebrities’ and notorious social taboos for celebrities? social responsibilities; 2. Why did the author mention Jaycee Chan as an Prove how severe the current problem is; example? 3. Introduce What is the government’s attitude towards the reaction from government; issue of illegal drug use? response from the entertainment 4. Introduce How does the entertainment industry respond industry; to this outbreak of celebrities’ illegal drug abuse? 5. What is your opinion about this issue?

1) Why is illegal drug use the most notorious social taboos for celebrities?
? Celebrities have their social responsibilities to fulfill. ? They are supposed to play a positive role and lead a healthy life. ? They have committed crimes by illegal drug consumption and possession. ? Their misbehaviors have tremendous impact on their fans.

Please polish your summary in pairs
? Group one: para 1-3 (Question 1) ? Group two: para 4-9 (Question 2) ? Group three: para 10-14 (Question 3-4)
Tips: ?Begin your paragraph with a topic sentence;

?Related ideas or sentences stay together;
?Pay attention to your handwriting;

?Avoid loose sentences.

Presentation:


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