扶沟高中 2012--2013 高三上学期第一次调研考试 英 语
命题人：梁建成 贾高林 刘永刚 审题人：梁建成 本试卷分试题卷和答题卡两部分。试题卷 1 至 10 页，包括第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择 题）两部分。答题卡 1 至 2 页。满分 150 分。 注意事项： 1．答题前，考生在答题卡上务必用直径 0．5 毫米黑色墨水
签字笔将自己的姓名、准考证号等 信息填涂清楚。 2．答第Ⅰ卷时，每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改 动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。在试题卷上作答无效。 3．第Ⅱ卷用黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上书写作答，在试题卷上作答，答题无效。 4．考试结束，请把答题卡交回。
第Ⅰ卷（共 115 分）
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到 答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 7．5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Which is the quickest way to the airport? A. By taxi. B. By bus. C. By underground. 2. How long is the flight delayed? A. One hour. B. Two hours. C. Half an hour. 3. Where did the woman come across her best friend? A. In the street. B. In the bookstore. C. In the shop. 4. Why was the woman late? A. It was due to the heavy traffic. B. She missed the bus. C. There was something wrong with her car. 5. What will Peter do this afternoon? A. Ride a bicycle. B. Go skating. C. Play table tennis. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 22．5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What makes the man so tired? A. Playing games. B. Surfing the Internet. C. Searching for interesting people.
7. Whom did the man chat with? A. People from Canada. B. People in need of his help. C. People on the same project. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What does the law forbid people to do? A. To take dogs to parks. B. To walk dogs in the streets. C. To buy dogs illegally. 9. What do we know from what the woman said? A. Dogs should be kept at home. B. Building a dog park is necessary. C. People would remove the dog waste. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. According to the man, what did he do before he watched TV? A. He washed his hands. B. He had his supper. C. He took a bath. 11. What place had the man been to the night before? A. James Street. B. A restaurant. C. A friend’s home. 12. What does the man try to do in the conversation? A. To prove the truth. B. To find the truth. C. To hide the truth. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Why did the son come back late? A. He hurt his hands and knees. B. He went to a pub with Linda. C. He waited a long time for the bus. 14. W hat was the old lady doing in the middle of the road? A. Looking for something. B. Struggling to stand up. C. Trying to seek help. 15. What happened to Linda? A. She was fined. B. She got injured. C. She had an accident. 16. Where was the witness? A. Outside the pub. B. At a bus stop. C. In his car. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is the problem of some of the university students? A. They don’t spend all their time on studies. B. They don’t know what to do with their free time. C. They don’t have choices for outside class activities. 18. How is the students’ high school life? A. Controlled and busy. B. Regular and colorful. C. Active and independent. 19. According to the speaker, what is the role of outside class activities at A. To make students healthier.
B. To improve students’ test scores. C. To enrich students’ experience. 20. What does the speaker advise his students to do? A. Learn to enjoy themselves. B. Learn to be their own masters. C. Learn to develop their potential.
第二部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节：单项填空(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21.My A. a ; a friend Mary B. a ; an is ______11-year-old D. an ; the beautiful girl and ______girl
everyone likes to work with. C. an ; a 22.—Can I speak to Mr. Brown ,please? —Sorry, there is ______here. A. no such man B. no such a man C. no such the man A. one A. ask A. lived A. taking apart B. one which B. asked B. has lived C. which D. one that said nothing. D. to be asked D. had lived D. turning off D. not such man on gas. 23.What we want is an environmentally friendly car , especially ______is good 24.When ______why he walked in without permission, he just stared at us and C. asking C. was living
25.The woman , who is said to have moved to American last year , ______in China for almost 20 years. 26.Rod loves _______clocks. However, he never manages to put them together again. B. giving away C. making up 27.—Tony, come down and help me with the heavy box! —Come on ! I_______ all day long . Get Peter to do that! A. work B. was working C. had worked B. approval D. have been working assistan t. D. management 28.You shouldn’t take books out of the library without the _______of the A. encouragement C. explanation
29.The basketball coach, as well as his team,_______ interviewed shortly after the match for their outstanding performance A. were A. that A. Don’t to fail end of this year. A. how B that C. whether D when 33.—When shall we restart our business ? B. was B. what C. is C. which D. are D. whose C. To not fail D. Not fail 30.Stage fright is a common example of ______educators call a “lack of confidence” among students. 31._______in the coming examination, everyone in our class is working hard to go over their lessons B. Not to fail 32.It depends on the government’s measures ______the housing price will be brought under control by the
—Not until we______ our plan. A. will finish B. are finishing C. are to finish D. have finished
34.— I was late for work this morning. — _________. You started early, didn’t you? A. Why not? B. So what? C. How come? D. Never mind. 35.I can think of many cases ______ the media have a strong effect on young men. A. why B. which C. as D. where 第二节 完形填空共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36－55 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Sometimes I really doubt whether there is love between my parents．They are very busy working to __36_ the family． They don’ act in the _37__ ways that I read in books or I see on TV． t __38__ flowers to each other on Valentine’s Day is even more __39__．One day，my mother was sewing a quilt（床罩） ．I __40__ sat down beside her and looked at her． “Mom， there love between you and Dad?” I asked her in is a __41__ voice.My mother stopped and raised her head with __42 _ in her eyes．She didn’t answer immediately．Then she __43__ her head and continued to sew the quilt．At last my mother said: “Susan,” she said， “Look at this thread．Sometimes it appears，but most of it __44__ in the quilt．The thread really makes the quilt strong and __45__．If life is a quilt，then love should be a __46__．It can hardly be seen anywhere or anytime，but it’s really there．Love is __47__.” The next spring，my father suddenly got sick seriously．When they returned from the hospital，mother looked rather pale and it seemed __48__ of them had had a serious illness．Every day in the morning and dusk，my mother helped my father __49__ slowly on the country road．My father had never been so __50__． Along the country road， there were many beautiful flowers， green grass and trees． The sun gently glistened through the leaves．All of these __51__ the most beautiful picture in the world. “Dad，how are you feeling now?” I asked him one day. He said gently． “__52__，I just like walking with your mom．I like this kind of life.” __53__ his eyes， I know he loves my mother deeply.__54__ I thought love meant flowers，gifts and sweet kisses．But from this __55__， understand that love is just a thread in the quilt of our life． I Love is inside， making life strong and warm. 36．A．hold B．support C．live on D．keep 37．A．romantic B．friendly C．lovely D．active 38．A．Taking B．Passing C．Buying D．Sending 39．A．no problemB．out of question C．out of the question D in question 40．A．silently B．eagerly C．peaceful D．anxiously 41．A．loud B．low C．gentle D．tender 42．A．interest B．fear C．excitement D．surprise 43．A．bowed B．raised C．hang D．lowered 44．A．lost B．turned out C．disappeared D．came up 45．A．warm B．lasting C．long D．comfortable 46．A．needle B．cloth C．thread D．sheet 47．A．in the quiltB．out of the quilt C．outside D．inside 48．A．either B．both C．neither D．every 49．A．wal k B．run C．stand D．exercise 50．A．rude B．polite C．gentle D．careful
51．A．came up B．turned up 52．A．In other words C．In my opinion 53．A．Seeing B．Reading 54．A．Once B．Though 55．A．process B．way C．called up D．made up B．To tell the truth D．On the contrary C．Watching D．Observing C．When D．Unless C．matter D．experience
第三部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节：阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） A If you and your friends wish to share a secret，you can write it in code，and no one else will be able to read it. Codes are one way of writing in secret. Ciphers (暗码)are another. In a code each word is written as a secret code word or a code number. In a cipher each letter is changed. Codes and ciphers have played an important role in the history of the world. Julius Caesar，the Roman ruler who defeated almost all the countries in Europe about 2,000 years ago，used a cipher when he sent secret messages to his troops. During the American Revolution，George Washington's spies used a kind of code to send his information about the enemy before his military action. In World War Ⅱ，the Americans “broke” or figured out Japan's most important navy codes and got enough information to destroy a powerful Japanese fleet. Storekeepers use codes to mark their goods. The codes show how much is paid for the goods or when they are added to the stock. Businessmen use codes to hide plans from their business enemies. Sometimes personal letters or diaries are written in code. Many people enjoy figuring out codes and ciphers simply as a hobby. Storekeepers use codes to mark their goods. The codes show how much is paid for the goods or when they are added to the stock. Businessmen use codes to hide plans from their business enemies. Sometimes personal letters or diaries are written in code. Many people enjoy figuring out codes and ciphers simply as a hobby. In the 16th century，codes and ciphers were very popular among scientists. They wrote messages to each other in code so that no one else would learn their secrets. Geronimo Gardano，an Italian astrologer (占星家)，mathematician，and doctor，invented the trellis cipher. He took two sheets of paper and cut exactly the same holes in each one. Then he sent one sheet， which he called a trellis， a friend and kept the to other for himself. Whenever he wanted to write a message，he put his trellis over a clean sheet of paper and wrote the secret message through the holes. There he removed the trellis and filled the rest of the paper with words that would make sense. When his friend received it，he put his trellis over the writing and read the secret message. 56.The best title of this passage would be________. A.Codes and ciphers B. Differences between codes and ciphers
C. History of codes and ciphers D. Inventors of codes and ciphers 57.Which of the following statements is TRUE？ A.Ciphers can be broken or figured out more easily than codes. B. You could read some words in Geronimo's letter without his trellis. C. The first person who ever used a cipher in history was Julius Caesar. D. Fondness of using codes was the hobby of the scientists in the 1600s. 58. According to Geronimo Gardano，a trellis is ________ . A. a piece of paper with many small holes B. a secret message with a lot of small holes C. a letter with unreadable words and sentences D. a sheet of paper with groups of Arabic figures 59.It is NOT mentioned in the passage that codes and ciphers are used for the purpose of ______ . A. military affairs C. scientific achievements B. commercial secrets D. personal enjoyment B With many college graduates struggling to find jobs, one of the most important for you to understand is that you’re in school all your life. In fact, your real education is just beginning. I’d like to pass on a few lessons that you didn’t necessarily get in school. If you’ve been out of school for a few years or a lot of years, they could still teach you something. · Develop relationships and keep networking. If I had to name a single characteristic shared by all the truly successful people I’ve met, I’d say it is the ability to create and nurture (培育) networks of contacts. Start strengthening your relationships now, so that they’ll be in place when you really need them later. In the classroom it was mostly about individual performance. Success in real life requires relationships. · goals. Ask any winner what the key to his or her success was, and you’ll hear four consistent Set messages: vision, determination, persistence, and setting goals. If you don’t set goals and determine where you’re going, how will you know when you get there? Goals give you more than a reason to get up in the morning; they are an incentive (激励)to keep you going all day. ·Sense of humor. I’m a firm believer in using humor, though not necessary jokes. A good sense of humor helps one understand the unconventional( 非传统的 ), tolerate the unpleasant, and overcome the unexpected. There are plenty of times to be serious, but I believe that keeping things light and comfortable encourages better teamwork. · Volunteer. It might be hard to do a lot of volunteer work at first, but people who help others on a
re gular basis have a healthier outlook on life. 60. By saying “your real education is just beginning”, the author wants to A. explain why it’s difficult for college graduates to find jobs B. show the importance of social experience, besides schooling, in education C. advise students to value their time at school, and to study hard D. advise college graduates to face bravely the problems they may encounter(遭遇) 61. You should start to strengthen your relationships now because A. it will take you time to develop them before you need them B. you may have gotten used to being judged as an individual, and need to change C. successful people have no time to develop relationships with you D. you need to spend a lot of time learning the importance of good relationships 62. The author believes that being humorous means that you A. should prepare jokes to be used in various situations B. can deal with difficult situations in an easy and comfortable way C. can show your difference from others and be able to succeed D. should smile all the time and avoid being serious on any occasion 63. The target readers of this passage are probably A. educational experts B. people who want to change jobs C. college graduates who have just left school D. high school students who are still at school C CHICAGO (Reuters) - Smoking not only can wrinkle(起皱纹) the face and turn it yellow -- it can do the same to the whole body, researchers reported on Monday. The study, published in the Archives of Dermatology, shows that smoking affects the skin all over the body -- even skin protected from the sun. "We examined non-facial skin that was protected from the sun, and found that the total number of packs of cigarettes smoked per day and the total years a person has smoked were linked with the amount of skin damage a person experienced," Dr. Yolanda Helfrich of the University of Michigan, who led the study, said in a statement. . . . .
"In participants older than 65 years, smokers had significantly more fine wrinkling than nonsmokers. Similar findings were seen in participants aged 45 to 65 years," Helfrich's team added in their report. The researchers tested 82 people, smokers and nonsmokers, taking pictures of the inner right arms. They ranged in age from 22 to 91 and half were smokers. Independent judges decided how wrinkled each person's skin was. When skin is exposed to sunlight, notably （尤其） face, it becomes coarse, wrinkled and discolored the with a pale yellow tint, Helfrich's team wrote. Several previous studies have found that cigarette smoking contributes to premature（过早的）skin aging as measured by facial wrinkles, the study said, but little has been done to measure the aging of skin not exposed to light. The report did not discuss the mechanism involved but previous research has found that cigarette smoke, among other things, causes blood vessels（血管）beneath the skin to constrict（紧缩）, reducing blood supply to the skin. Smoking can also damage the connective tissue that supports both the skin and the internal organs. 64. The best title for this passage would be_______. A. The danger of smoking C. Quit smoking for health B. A survey of smokers D. Smoking causes skin aging
65. It can be inferred from the study _______ . A. smoking won’t make skin protected from the sun age B. smoking will do damage to skin rather than other organs C. smokers over 65 usually won’t worry about their skin D. the age of smokers is not connected with the result of the test 66. From the passage smoking results in skin aging mainly because_____. A. it will lower blood supply to skin B. it can make you feel tired C. it can make skin come off D. it can make blood run faster 67. The main purpose of the passage is to ______. A. inform people about the result of the study B. advise people to how to protect skin
C. warn people not to smoke again D. introduce a new way of avoid skin aging
D Is veg food healthier than non-veg food? I feel this is a very common topic that people speak on．Please give me your opinions on this topic． Rao 12-18-08 So far as veg food is concerned, it is also proved to be a healthy and nutritious diet, but has very few items which can provide us with proteins, but if you see non-veg food like eggs, chicken, and many more, such foods have a large content of proteins in them. Sai 12-19-08 Man basically is herbivorous（食草的）. If we look at the animal kingdom We can see that all the herbivorous animals have the similar dental（牙齿的） structure, which clearly shows that the human being also ought to be vegetarian by birth. It is only the living conditions that make man carnivorous（食肉的）. The vegetarian foods are easily digestible. Santos 12-20-08 Non-veg food items are better than veg items. A healthy person requires complete diet and veg+ meat makes the diet complete. The only caution that needs to be taken is not to have non-veg items on a daily basis. Once in a week or couple of weeks will be best. Krishna 01-0 3-09 When we e at non-veg, we are all veg by nature. The chicken that we eat feeds on grains, the mutton that we eat feeds on grass, and the fish that we eat feeds on simple plants. So non-veg food by logic（逻辑）is better and suited for hauman beings. Khan 01-05-09 Non-veg food is equally important in our diet as it helps in many ways, especially fish and other seafood as fish contains omega 3 which makes our immune system （免疫系统） stronger. Do you know that most of the veg food put together does not contain as much omega 3 as fish alone contains! 68．According to Rao, what is the problem with veg food?
A．It damages our immune system. B．It has few nutrients. C．It contains too much omega 3. D．It is lacking in protein. 69．In the opinion of Sai, humans are born vegetarian because humans A．have the same teeth structure as plant-eating animals B．believe that veg foods are good for their teeth C．belong to the plant-eating animal family D．can adap t to the living conditions like plant-eating animals 70．What advice is given by Santos? A．To have a daily veg+ meat diet. B．Not to eat non-veg food every day. C．To eat digestible food every day. D．Not to eat food without protein. 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多途选项。 What makes one person more intelligent than another？What makes one person a genius，like the brilliant Albert Einstein， another person a fool？Are people born intelligent or stupid， is intelligence and or the result of where and how you live？ 71 .
We know，however，that just being born with a good mind is not enough. In some ways，the mind is like a leg or an arm muscle. 72 Mental exercise is particularly important for young children. Many
child psychologists think that parents should play with their children more often and give them problems to think about. 73 If，on the other hand，children are left alone a great deal with nothing to do，they are
more likely to become dull and unintelligent. 74 According to some psychologists，if parents are always telling a child that he or she is a fool
or an idiot，then the child is more likely to keep doing silly and foolish things. So it is probably better for parents to say very positive things to their chi ldren，such as“That was a very clever thing you did.” or “ 75 ” A.A healthy body contributes to one's intelligence. B. Parents should also be careful about what they say to young children. C. What people want to express is like this. D. The children are then more likely to grow up bright and intelligent. E. It needs exercise.
F. You are such a smart child. G. These are very old questions and the answers to them are still not clear.
第Ⅱ卷（共 35 分）
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有1 0处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加，删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改仅限一词； 2．只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。 It was my 18th birthday yesterday. As the age is special for our teenagers, so my parents held a
birthday party fo r me at home. With my parents and some of my good friends attend my birthday
party, I really had unforgettable experience. We sang songs, dancing and played games together. We
all enjoyed ourselves very much. During the party, my parent told me that from then on I was no
longer a child and an adult. They also said I should be more independent and responsibly. Hearing
their words, I was greatly encouraged. It was just in that moment when I felt I was a grown-up. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你是李华， 你的英国朋友 Tom 听说你校学生正在开展研究性学习活动， 来信询问有关情况。 请你根据下表提供的信息，写一封回信，谈一谈开展研究性学习活动的前后你的学习情况的变化。 过去 课堂 课后 老师讲解知识点，学生听 讲、做笔记 完成大量的作业 现在 老师提出问题，学生互相讨论或学生自己提出问题， 自己讨论解决。 丰富多彩的课外活动，如读自己感兴趣的书籍，去图 书馆或上网查资料。
扶沟高中 2012-2013 学年上期高三第一次考试 英语答案
56. A 解析：主旨大意题。文章第一段点明了本文的中心话题，密码和暗码是有效保护秘密的两种 方式，故选 A。 57. B 解析：正误判断题。最后一段倒数第二句提到 Geronimo 拿掉框架，然后在纸张的空白部分 填满意义深刻的内容，由此可推知没有框架也可以读他的信件。 58. A 解析：推理判断题。最后一段的第四五两句提到他将两张纸剪成同样的框架，然后把其中一 张寄给他朋友，这样对方就可以利用这张框架来套读信件的内容，故选 A。 59. C 解析：细节理解题。第二段提到密码和暗码的军事作用，第三段提到了其在保护商业秘密和 作为个人爱好的作用，文章中没有提到其在科学成就方面的作用。 60．B 考查句意理解。第一段作者提到很多大学毕业生开始找工作，这并不是学习生涯的结束，反 而真正的教育才刚刚开始。故 8 项符合题意。
70．B 考查细节理解。根据第四栏的 The only caution that needs to be taken is not to have non-eg items on a daily basis．可知 Santos 建议不要天天吃肉类食物。所以选 B。 改错： It was my 18th birthday yesterday. As the age is special for our (us) teenagers, so (去掉 so )my parents held a birthday party for me at home. With my parents and some of my good friends attend (attending) my birthday party, I really had (加 an )unforgettable experience. We sang songs, dancing (danced) and played games together. We all enjoyed ourselves very much. During the party, my parent (parents) told me that from then on I was no longer a child and (but) an adult. They also said I should be more independent and responsibly (responsible). Hearing their words, I was greatly
encouraged. It was just in (at) that moment when (that) I felt I was a grown-up. 书面表达 Dear Tom, How nice to hear from you again. You want to know what is going on in our school. In short, things have been improving since the school began to carry on exploring study. In the past, the teachers always kept on explaining the language poi nts in class. We students just listened and took notes. But now we often discuss and try to solve the problems that are raised by teachers or ourselves. After class, we enjoy different kinds of activities instead of doing endless homework. For example, we can read what we are interested in. We can go to the library or surf the Internet for information. In a word, we are now masters of study and we are very happy. Li Hua