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【开学大礼包】2013届高考英语一轮复习 Unit3Traveljournal限时训练 新人教版必修1


Unit 3
(时间:30 分钟 满分:40 分) Ⅰ.单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1.She seems to prefer________American TV Shows to talking to me. (2012·北京东城区高三综合练习) A.to watch C.watching B.to be watching D.hav

ing watched

答案 C [考查短语的搭配。prefer ...to ... 比起??来更喜欢??,可用于该短语中的词为 介词、名词或动名词。句意:比起和我说话来,她好像更喜欢看美国电视剧。] 2.People who get less than six hours of sleep per night have an increased________of dying early. A.custom C.disadvantage B.practice D.risk

答案 D [考查名词词义的辨析。custom 习俗;习惯;practice 练习; disadvantage 不利条 件;不便之处; risk 冒险。由语境可知 D 项正确。句意:每晚睡觉不足六个小时的人有更大 的早亡的危险。] 3.—This dress was last year's style. —I think it still looks perfect________it has gone out this year. A.so that C.as if B.even though D.ever since

答案 B [考查连词的使用。so that 以便于;因此引导目的或结果状语从句;.even though 即使;尽管,引导让步状语从句;as if 仿佛;好像,引导方式状语从句; ever since 从?? 以来,引导时间状语从句。由句子语境可知 B 项正确。句意:——这件衣服是去年的款式。 ——我认为即便它今年过时了它看上去仍然很完美。] 4.—Mom, I'm going to the graduation dance tonight but I don't think I look attractive enough. —Oh, darling, don't worry. ________.(2012·江苏盐城中学高三模拟) A.They don't know what beauty is B.Nobody will care about it C.You look perfect the way you are D.Impossible is nothing 答案 C [考查情景交际。由答语中的 Oh, darling, don' t worry. 可知,妈妈是在安慰并鼓励自己的 女儿,故 C 项正确。A 项“他们不知道什么才是美。”和 B 项“没有人会在乎的。”不符 合情景交际的特点。句意:——妈妈,今天晚上我去参加毕业舞会,但我觉得不够吸引人。 ——噢,宝贝,不要担心,你的穿戴方式看上去很完美。] 5.________to give up smoking, he threw away his________cigarettes.
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A.Determined; remained B.Determined; remaining C.Determining; remained D.Determining; remaining 答案 B [考查非谓语动词的用法。be determined to do sth 意为决定干某事,表示状态,作 状语时常常省略 be 动词;remain 为不及物动词,无被动形式,常用 remaining“剩余的”作定 语。句意:他决定戒烟后就把剩余的烟全扔了。] 6.—How often do you eat out with your friends? —________, but usually once a week.(2012·山西高三考前适应性训练) A.I've no idea C.It depends B.As usual D.Generally speaking

答案 C [考查情景交际。I've no idea 我不知道;as usual 像往常一样;it depends 视情况而 定;generally speaking 一般来说。由答语中的 but usually once a week 可知 C 项正确。] 7.She brought with her three friends, none of________I had ever met before. A.them B.who C.whom D.these

答案 C [考查定语从句。whom 引导定语从句并在从句中作宾语。句意:她领了三个朋友 来,这三个人我一个也不认识。] 8.—Can you help me with the maths homework,mom? —You can't always ________other's help for your homework. Do it by yourself this time, Dear. A.wait on C.insist on B.rely on D.turn on

答案 B [考查动词短语的辨析。wait on 服侍;等待;rely on 依赖,依靠; insist on 坚 持;turn on 打开(开关等)。由语境可知 B 项正确。句意:——妈妈,您能帮我做数学作业吗? ——宝贝,你不能总是靠别人帮你做作业,这一次你要自己做。] 9.It was on November 15, 2010________a big fire happened in Shanghai,________was a great shock to lots of people.(2012·安徽安庆市高三模拟) A.when; that C.which; when B.that; when D.that; which

答案 D [考查强调句与定语从句。第一空为强调句,用 that 引导;第二空为非限制性定语 从句的引导词,且在从句中作主语,故应用 which 引导。句意:那是在 2010 年 11 月 15 号上 海发生了一场大火,这场大火震惊了许多人。] 10.Generally speaking, my grandmother is nice and kind, but she________be very stubborn at times. A.should B.shall C.must D.can

答案 D [考查情态动词表推测的用法。must 表推测常用于肯定句,意为“一定是”;can 表
用心 爱心 专心 2

推测常用于疑问句和否定句,用于肯定句中时表示“有时候会??”。句意:总的来说我奶奶 是一个友好而善良的人,但有时候她也固执。] 11.—What can I offer you? Coffee, tea, orange juice, iced water...? —________. A.Yes, please. Thank you B.I don't care. Whatever C.Go ahead.None of my business D.Don't worry. Too much trouble 答案 B [考查情景交际。问句中提到了可供选择的好几样饮料,由此可知 B 项正确。句意: ——您想喝点什么?咖啡、茶、橘汁、冰水还是???——我不在乎,什么都行。] 12.The earthquake in Japan, measuring 9.0 on the Richter Scale, was so violent________ cause a series of explosions of the nuclear reactors in several power stations. (2012·浙江金华高三五校联考) A.to B.that C.as to D.as that

答案 C [考查句型的使用。so...as to 如此??以至于??。句意:发生在日本的里氏 9.0 级地震如此强烈以至于导致好几个核电站一系列核反应堆的爆炸。] 13.—I hear Caroline has gone to New Zealand for her holiday. —Oh, how nice! Do you know when she________? A.was leaving C.has left B.had left D.left

答案 D [考查动词的时态。由第一句中的的 has gone to New Zealand 可知,Caroline 去了还 没有回来,故“离开”这一动作应发生在过去。句意:——我听说 Caroline 去新西兰度假了。 ——噢,太好了!你知道她什么时候离开的吗?] 14.—Ready to quit guessing, Sandy? —No, no, I hold on! I think I________to the answer. A.come C.came B.have come D.am coming

答案 D [考查动词时态。由句中的 quit 及 hold on 可知 D 项正确。句意:——Sandy,你要 放弃再猜吗?——不,我要坚持。我认为快得到答案了。] 15.Go to bed early and have a good rest or your actions will give you________tomorrow. A.away B.up C.in D.back

答案 A [考查动词短语的搭配。give away 泄露,暴露;give up 放弃; give in 屈服,让 步; give back 归还。句意:早点上床好好休息一下,要不然明天你的表现就会暴露出来的。] Ⅱ.阅读理解(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
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You can't fool a honeybee

Just as the smell of good food appeals to us,the fragrant(芬芳的)smell of flowers,as well as their colors and shapes,attracts honeybees to collect nectar(花蜜)and thus carry out the cross pollination(授粉)needed for plants to reproduce. But for plants,nectar production is costly—it requires vital energy and nutrients,so some plants try to cheat honeybees out of their food rewards by using the same attractive smells falsely to advertise poor quality nectar,or even none at all. Is it possible that honeybees are fooled by these cheats?No.Bees quickly distinguish which flowers produce the best nectar by their smells,even when the smells are extremely similar, a recent study by the scientists at Newcastle University in the UK has shown. Led by biologist Geraldine Wright,the scientists exposed collected worker honeybees to two different odors(气味)based on natural floral compounds(化合物).One odor led to a food reward having more sugar and the other food reward contained more salt.They found that the bees were able to tell apart the two odors based on their associated rewards.Wright explained that honeybees like sugary nectar and dislike salty nectar.How delicious or awful?tasting the food nectar is to them determines how strong the bees' preference is to the scent(香味)signals. Their research shows that bees can learn about the signals related to nectar quality,and they have ways to avoid floral “cheaters”.They prefer to visit the floral scents they've learned to associate with profitable rewards,Wright told at www.discoverynews.com. To honeybees,the smell signal is even more crucial than the look of a flower. Wright explained:“When the floral scent isn't correct,even if the visual_aspect of the flower is exactly the same,a bee will not visit it.” The study suggests that a bee's ability to learn which smells produce the best nectar may be the key to understanding how the smell of flowers has evolved in flowering plants.
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“It forces flowering plants to be honest about the rewards they advertise and honeybees may even select plants with both scented flowers and high quality flowers,”she said,“because these plants outcompete others in the floral market place.” 【解题导语】 本文是一篇科普说明文,介绍了蜜蜂具有识别花蜜质量的能力。 16.This passage is mainly about________. A.how floral scents are evolved to attract honeybees B.the reasons and the ways flowers attract honeybees C.honeybees' ability to distinguish high quality flowers D.how honeybees learn not to be fooled by plant cheats 答案 C [主旨归纳题。第三段是整篇文章的主题段落,主要介绍了蜜蜂具有识别花蜜质量 的能力,有了这种能力蜜蜂才不会被一些假花蜜所欺骗,下文通过介绍科学家的研究来证明 此观点。] 17.What is the food a honeybee gets? A.Nectar. B.Honey. C.Scents. D.Nutrients.

答案 A [细节理解题。根据第一段的内容可知,蜜蜂从鲜花中采取花蜜,因此也给它们授 了粉,故 A 项是最佳答案。] 18.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A.The look of a flower matters as much as its scents to a honeybee. B.The honeybee will visit a plant if its flower smells good. C.The honeybee will avoid a plant whose nectar is salty. D.Plants don't need to make much effort to make nectar. 答案 C [细节理解题。根据第四段中所讲述的实验可知,蜜蜂不喜欢咸味,所以它们是不 会光顾带有咸味花蜜的植物的。故选 C。根据第六、第七段可知,花的外貌不如它的香味重 要;根据第二、第三段可知,有时花虽然闻起来很好,但它是假的,这时蜜蜂会识破真相; 根据第二段可知植物造成花蜜需要维持生命所必需的能量和丰富的营养。由此可排除其余三 项。] 19.From the passage,we can conclude that ________. A.the visit of honeybees is not crucial for a flowering plant B.the honeybee's “sweet tooth”is likely to affect the floral signals C.honeybees can judge the quality of nectar by its smells D.some plants succeed in avoiding“payment”to honeybees for their “service” 答案 C [推理判断题。根据倒数第三段“The study suggests that a bee's ability to learn which smells produce the best nectar may be the key to understanding how the smell of flowers has
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evolved in flowering plants.”可以推断出,蜜蜂是通过气味来判断花蜜的质量的。] 20.The underlined phrase“visual aspect”most probably means “________”. A.look B.listening C.smell D.scent

答案 A [词义猜测题。根据上一段“To honeybees,the smell signal is even more crucial than the look of a flower.”可以推断出答案。] Ⅲ.阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。(请注意问题后的字数要求) Psychology(心理学)tells us that many people hate to take risks._But_it_is_good_for_us_to_ take_risks,_especially_when_the_risk_is_to_achieve_a_desired_result.In that way, we become stronger and braver. Our human nature should be to take risks, but some people just sit and wish they didn't have the fear to move on. This is because of one or two failures in their lives. Please step out and don't let the past hold you back from living life to the fullest. Move forward and move on! In studying the psychology of taking risks, we find that human nature provides us with the desire to experiment and take chances. Risk taking is a great benefit that allowed our ancestors(祖先) to become stronger and stronger day by day. By taking risks they fought off enemies and discovered new land.This attitude has become a part of our modern culture. Riding a roller coaster is a common risk taking activity that even the average person seems to enjoy although they have the understanding that it is dangerous. Getting in a car each day is a risk. Getting out of bed is a risk. We need to take risks so that we can finish many things. Astronauts take risks when they get inside a rocket; however, the things t hey achieve are great. Businessmen take a risk when they buy parts of a company. However, without doing that, they could not make more money. We need to take risks so that we can gain something. It is impossible to move forward in life, earn money, enjoy a relationship, play a sport, or do anything else____________.It is all part of the game. It's one of the most important parts of life. 21. What is the main idea of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words.) ________________________________________________________________________
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答案 Taking risk is important/necessary for our life. 22.Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? Don't let the failures that you have experienced prevent you from taking risks and live a meaningful life. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 Please step out and don't let the past hold you back from living life to the fullest. 23.Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (Please answer within 10 words.) ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 without taking a risk 24.Why do people ride a roller coaster although they know it is dangerous? (Please answer within 10 words.) ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 Because taking risks is part of our human nature/ Taking risk has become a part of our modern culture. 25.Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 冒险对我们来说是好的,尤其是为了得到渴望已久的结果而采取的冒险。 写作素材集锦 单词 suggest 表明 短语 1.just as 正如??一样 2.tell apart 区分,识别 句子 Led by biologist Geraldine Wright,the scientists exposed collected worker honeybees to two \different odors based on natural floral compounds. 以生物学家 Geraldine Wright 为首的科学家,让收集来的工蜂接触由天然花香化合物散发出的两种 不同的气味。

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