绝密★启用前 2016 年高考冲刺卷（2） 【江苏卷】 英语试卷 考试时间：120 分钟； 注意事项： 1．本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分。满分 120 分，考试时间 120 分钟。 2．答题前考生务必用 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔填写好自己的姓名、班级、考号等信息。 3．考试作答时，请将答案正确地填写在答题卡上。第 I 卷每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅 笔把
答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑；第Ⅱ卷请用直径 0.5 毫米的黑色墨水签字 笔在答题卡上各题的答题区域内作答，超出答题区域书写的答案无效，在试 题卷、 ．．．．．．．．．．．．．．．． ．．． 草稿纸上作答无效 。 ．．．．．．．． 注意事项： 1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分。答题前，考生务必将自己的 姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。 2. 回答第Ⅰ卷时，每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑，如 需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。写在试卷上无效。 3. 回答第Ⅱ卷时，将答案填写在答题卡上，写在试卷上无效。 4. 考试结束，将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第I卷 第一部分 听力 (共两节，满分 20 分) 第一节 （共 5 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下 一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.Why didn’t the woman watch the movie last night? A. She didn’t know it was on B. Her cousin came over to her house C. The power went out in her neighborhood 2. What does the woman probably mean? A. She doesn’t want to be in her group B. She is having some trouble with the man C. There are too many projects with the man 3. What do the speaker plan to do this afternoon? A. Visit a relative B. Take a walk in the country C. Go shopping in the mall 4. What does the man think of the sunglasses? A. He doesn’t think they look very good. B. He thinks they were a great deal
C. He thinks they look very fashionable 5. Which of Prof. Marvin’s classes do most students like? A. Social Economics B. Social Psychology C. Child Psychology 第二节 (共 15 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各小题,每小题 5 秒钟；听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段对话,回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. Why did the woman go to the store? A. She was looking for something in particular B. She knew they were having a special sale C. She saw the lights from the street 7. What does a red and white price tag mean? A. A 30% discount B. A 50% discount 8. What do we know about the woman? A. She is on a holiday now B. She doesn’t work on Tuesdays C. She has no interest in the things in the store 听第 7 段对话,回答第 9、10 题。 9. What is true about the woman? A. She has a teenage daughter B. She knows a lot about tennis shoes C. She just recently started playing tennis 10. What does the woman probably mean in the end? A. Her feet need less support B. She wants something cheaper C. She wants to pay with a credit card 听第 8 段对话,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What is the woman doing? A. Shopping online B. Getting dressed at home 12.Where will the speakers go next? A. To the zoo B. To the doctor’s office 13. What’s the relationship between the speakers? A. Husband and wife B. Shop assistant and customer C. Fashion designer and model 听第 9 段对话,回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What do the woman’s parents want her to do? A. Find a good job in her hometown B. Go to graduate school C. Go to college C. Trying on clothes in a shop C. To a modern clothing store
C. A 70% discount
15. What does the man suggest the woman do? A. Ask her parents for permission B. Use her own money to follow her dream C. Ask her parents to support her financially 16. What did the man gain most from his travel experience? A. Friends B. Money C. Social experience 听第 10 段独白,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is the talk mainly about? A. The speaker’s favorite websites B. The most popular websites in the world C. The main differences between the biggest websites 18. What does the speaker mainly use Google for? A. Getting directions B. Finding new places to eat C. Doing research at work 19. Which site does the speaker say is not very reliable? A. Yahoo! B. Amazon C. Google 20. What is one bad thing about Amazon, according to the speaker? A. It is often slow B. It offers too many choices C. It has too many ads 第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. International situation is currently undergoing great changes ________ UNESCO plays an irreplaceable role in promoting international cooperation. A. which B. what C. where D. that 22. The CCTV show Chinese Characters Dictation Competition has taken the country by storm, which is partly designed to arouse people’s _______ in the Chinese language. A. response B. enthusiasm C. significance D. consequence 23. Netizens turned the weibo account of China’s second richest man into a battlefield debating charity giving after other celebrities publicized their donations. ________ the netizens’ questions, Jack Ma said he was bothered when he owned more than 10 million yuan. A. In a gesture to B. In honor of C. In response to D. In association with 24. With the word PM 2.5 ________ appearing in media reports, people pay greater attention to it and seek health tips for smoggy days. A. immediately B. consequently C. permanently D. constantly
25. Where food programs once turned chefs into stars, The Twelve Feng Taste turns stars into chefs. Singer-actor Nicholas Tse ________ it, the reality TV show returned for a second season last month on ZheJiang Television. A. hosted B. hosting C. hosts D. is hosting 26. When it comes to the majority of the latest technologies in the next 20 years, ________ has greater potential than the technology being developed in these young people’s company, ________ in my eyes will lead to a revolution. A. nothing; which B. none; where C. nothing; where D. none; which 27. —What a pity! Their experiment is a failure. —They ________ better under more favorable conditions. A. should have done B. could have done C. must have d one D. may have done 28. When the questions got personal during the talk show, the actress ________ in tears as she opened up about the wounds she suffered. A. broke up B. broke down C. broke out D. broke through 29. — I’m sorry to tell you that you made a mistake in your test. — How can that be? I did it _______ in class. A. as told B. as am told C. as telling D. as I told 30. How would you like ________ if you were watching your favorite TV program and someone came into the room and just shut it off without asking you? A. them B. one C. those D. it 31. —Professor Smith, I’d like to take a gap year to Africa to serve in a global anti-Aids campaign. —Good idea, ______ you can afford the time. A. provided that B. in case C. even if D. so that 32. --How do you think I can make up with Tom? --Put aside ________ you disagree and try to find ________ you have in common. A. what; what B. where; what C. what; where D. what; whether 33. With a view to fighting against crimes online, the authority hosted an anti-piracy concert with over 100 pop singers, _______ fans not to buy pirated music and movies. A. urging B. to urge C. having urged D. urged 34. Having a glass of water first thing in the morning helps rid your body of poisonous substances that ________ overnight. A. were stored B. had been stored C. are being stored D. have been stored 35. —Shall we make an appointment at 9 o’clock this Sunday morning? —________. I will be available the whole morning. A. It counts for nothing B. That suits me fine C. It makes no difference D. Go right ahead 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Optimism and pessimism are both powerful forces. Each of us must choose which we want to ___36___ our future and our expectations. We can choose to laugh or cry, bless or ___37___. It’s our decision: from which perspective do we want to view life? Will we look up in ___38___ or
down in desperation? I believe in the upward look. I choose to ___39___ the positive and skip right over the negative. An optimistic attitude is not a luxury(奢侈品); it’s a(n) ___40___. The way you look at life will determine how you feel, how you perform, and how well you will get along with other people. ___41___, negative thoughts, attitudes, and expectations ___42___ themselves; they become a self-fulfilling prophecy (预言). Pessimism creates a dark place where no one wants to live. Years ago, I drove into a service station to get some gas. It was a beautiful day, and I was feeling great. As I walked into the station to pay for the gas, the attendant said to me, “How do you feel?” That seemed like a(n) ___43___ question, but I felt fine and told him so. “You don’t look well,” he replied. This ___44___ me completely by surprise. A little ___45___ confidently, I told him that I had ___46___ felt better. Without hesitation, he continued to tell me how bad I looked and that my skin appeared yellow. By the time I left the service station, I was feeling a little ___47___. About a block away, I ___48___ over to the side of the road to look at my face in the mirror. How did I feel? Was I affected with jaundice(黄疸)? Was everything all right? By the time I got home, I was beginning to feel a little nauseous(恶心). Did I have a bad liver? Had I ___49___ some rare disease? On another beautiful day, when I went into that gas station, feeling ___50___ again, I figured out what had happened. The place had recently been painted a bright, distasteful ___51___, and the light reflecting ___52___ the walls made everyone inside look as though they had hepatitis(肝 炎 )! I wondered how many other folks had ___53___ the way I did. I had let one short conversation with a total ___54___ change my attitude for an entire day. He told me I looked sick, and before long, I was actually feeling sick. That single ___55___ observation had a great effect on the way I felt and acted. The only thing more powerful than negativism is a word of optimism and hope. When a whole culture adopts an upward look, incredible things can be accomplished. 36. A. shape B. decide C. preview D. transform 37. A. forgive B. curse C. praise D. regret 38. A. vain B. anger C. action D. hope 39. A. highlight B. analyze C. evaluate D. introduce 40. A. necessity B. opportunity C. quality D. identity 41. A. Actually B. Consequently C. Similarly D. Contrarily 42. A. rely on B. feed on C. go on D. take on 43. A. familiar B. ordinary C. odd D. easy 44. A. got B. took C. stopped D. made 45. A. more B. less C. quite D. too 46. A. never B. ever C. once D. always 47. A. uneasy B. unconcerned C. unsatisfied D. unaffected 48. A. got B. came C. took D. pulled 49. A. come up B. brought up C. picked up D. put up 50. A. fine B. upset C. sick D. calm 51. A. gray B. blue C. yellow D. red 52. A. in B. over C. off D. through
53. A. quit 54. A. liar 55. A. positive
B. adapted B. onlooker B. negative
C. answered C. attendant C. careful
D. reacted D. stranger D. rigid
第三部分 阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Raising Money to Find a Cure, One Ribbon Barrette at a Time How many times a day do we tell our kids that we’re proud of them? Probably not nearly enough. As a daughter of Chinese parents, it’s not in our culture’s nature to celebrate incredible accomplishments by announcing them to the world, but I’m going to break the rule and announce that I’m so proud of my 10-year-old daughter and all that she has done to raise money to support research to find a cure for Cystic Fibrosis(CF,囊肿性纤维化) “Mommy, ” said Emily as we rushed around the house packing our things for another day at the pool last summer. “I’m going to bring my ribbon barrettes(丝带发夹)to sell during adult swimming” Emily’s best friend is one of the 30,000 children and adults living in the United States with Cystic Fibrosis, a life-threatening genetic disease that affects the lungs and digestive system. In the 1950s, very few children with CF lived to attend elementary school. Although great progress in understanding and treating CF has led to great improvements in the length and quality of life for those with CF, there still isn’t a cure. Last spring, Emily donated $ 140 CFF’s Great Walk in honor of her best friend living with Cystic Fibrosis. She had no idea what the summer would bring for her CFF ribbon barrette fundraise when school ended for the year. Fortunately, every time I shared a photo of Emily’s ribbon barrettes on the Internet, we received orders that privately message me or email me with requests for barrettes in their favorites colors. Three weeks into the summer, Emily had raised $ 297 and I was spending a lot of time running her to the craft store to restock her supplies for a very good cause while my husband was packing and shipping orders all over the country. My social media accounts hav e served as the most powerful tool for Emily to spread the word. People notice kids doing great things and want to help the girls who are raising money to help find a cure, one ribbon barrette at a time. Emily and her best friend have named their activity Ribbon Barrettes for Research. They have business cards and a brand new shiny website developed on a free platform, to show that any kid can do what she has been doing. To my daughter, each sale is a victory and each order that goes out is an opportunity to spread awareness about CF. The handwritten thank-you note included in each order further shows the importance of teaching kids and parents how much their purchase support research that we hope will one day find a cure for CF. As a parent, I love that Emily has found the power in her own voice and she has inspired others to advocate causes they care about. 56. What is Emily’s attitude towards treating Cystic Fibrosis? A. Unconcerned B. Pessimistic C. Hopeful D. Unworried 57. According to the passage, Emily’s ribbon barrettes are sold mainly _______.
A. at their school B. in their home C. in the CFF D. on the Internet 58. The underlined word “word” in Paragraph 6 refers to _______. A. raising money to help find a cure for people with Cystic Fibrosis B. shipping orders all over the country C. the handwritten thank-you note D. helping people with CF by making ribbon barrettes B The following are the sculptures in the Underwater Museum, which are accessible in person by glass boat, or scuba diving. The Archive of Lost Dreams The Visual: It describes an underwater archive of messages in bottles. The Meaning: The bottles contain messages of dreams for future generations. The Hope: The statue is placed with the purpose of helping draw visitors away from the healthy parts of the reef. The Location: The Archive of Lost Dreams was placed 8 meters deep at Manchones Reef, close to Isla Mujeres. Behind the Scenes: The collection of bottled messages were provide d by various communities who wrote about today’s values and their dreams for the future generations. The Gardener of Hope The Visual: Here a young Mexican girl lies in a garden surrounded by pots which will be grown with live coral. The Meaning: The young girl in the sculpture represents a model for hopeful future generations. The Hope: The base of the Gardener of Hope was built to attract various marine creatures. The coral in the pots is also expected to grow. The Location: The Gardener of Hope was placed 4 meters deep at Punta Nizuc near the coast of Cancun. Behind the Scenes: The pots here are filled with live coral cuttings that were saved from areas of the local reef system. Man on Fire The Visual: Man on Fire describes a lone male figure covered in live fire coral to resemble fire. The Meaning: The sculpture symbolizes the unawareness of the “fire” our generation has started with the over use of limited natural resources. The Hope: Man on Fire has 75 holes planted with small live cuttings of fire coral which are expected to grow like fire. The Location: Man on Fire was installed 8 meters deep at the Manchones Reef nearby to Isla Mujeres Behind the Scenes: The sculpture was cast from a local Mexican fisherman and it weighs over 1 ton.
The Silent Evolution The Visual: Here more than 400 sculptures depict the timeline of human nature. The Meaning: It is a documentation of how society and people have changed over tim e. It is also to remind us of how we are connected to nature. The Hope: The installation is designed for forming a complex reef structure that marine life will claim as its own and inhabit. The Location: The Silent Evolution will be installed 8 meters deep behind the Manchones Reef. Behind the Scenes: The total installation will expand over 150 square meters and will weigh over 120 tons. Attention: Guided tours are a must. You can catch a tour from Aquaworld, which leaves every hour from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. daily. 59. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. You can tour individually without a tourist guide by glass boat. B. The Gardener of Hope will remind us of the relationship with nature. C. Bottled messages are filled with live coral cuttings for future generations. D. Man on Fire can educate us to protect the limited natural resources. 60. Which sculptures are installed in the same area? A. Man on Fire & The Silent Evolution B. The Archive of Lost Dreams & Man on Fire C. The Gardener of Hope & The Silent Evolution D. The Archive of Lost Dreams & The Gardener of Hope 61. The writer introduces the sculptures to _______. A. defend Mexican Tourism Industry B. call on us to go on a tour to Aquaworld C. appeal to readers to protect Marine Life D. attract tourists to the Underwater Museum C Give it five minutes 【题文】I used to be a hothead. Whenever anyone said anything, I’d think of a way to disagree. I’d push back hard if something didn’t fit my world-view. It’s like I had to be first with an opinion?—?as if being first meant something. But what it really meant was that I wasn’t thinking hard enough about the problem. The faster you react, the less you think. Not always, but often. This came to a head back in 2007. I was speaking at the Business Innovation Factory conference in Providence, RI. So was Richard Saul Wurman. After my talk Richard came up to introduce himself and compliment my talk. That was very generous of him. He certainly didn’t have to do that. And what did I do? I pushed back at him about the talk he gave. While he was making his points on stage, I was taking an inventory of the things I didn’t agree with. And when presented with an opportunity to speak with him, I quickly pushed back at some of his ideas. I must have seemed like such an asshole. His response changed my life. It was a simple thing. He said “Man, give it five minutes.” I
asked him what he meant by that? He said, it’s fine to disagree, it’s fine to push back, it’s great to have strong opinions and beliefs, but give my ideas some time to set in before you’re sure you want to argue against them. “Five minutes” represented “think”, not react. He was totally right. I came into the discussion looking to prove something, not learn something. This was a big moment for me. Richard has spent his career thinking about these problems. He’s given it 30 years. And I gave it just a few minutes. Now, certainly he can be wrong and I could be right, but it’s better to think deeply about something first before being so certain you’re right. There’s also a difference between asking questions and pushing back. Pushing back means you already think you know. Asking questions means you want to know. Ask more questions. Learning to think first rather than react quick is a life-long pursuit. It’s tough. I still get hot sometimes when I shouldn’t. But I’m really enjoying all the benefits of getting better. If you aren’t sure why this is important, think about this quote from Jonathan Ive regarding Steve Jobs’ reverence(respect) for ideas: And just as Steve loved ideas, and loved making stuff, he treated the process of creativity with a rare and a wonderful reverence. You see, I think he better than anyone understood that while ideas ultimately can be so powerful, they begin as fragile, barely formed thoughts, so easily missed, so easily compromised, so easily just squished. That’s deep. Ideas are fragile. They often start powerless. They’re barely there, so easy to ignore or skip or miss. There are two things in this world that take no skill: 1. Spending other people’s money and 2. Dismissing an idea. Dismissing an idea is so easy because it doesn’t involve any work. You can scoff at it. You can ignore it. You can puff some smoke at it. That’s eas y. The hard thing to do is protect it, think about it, let it marinate, explore it, riff on it, and try it. The right idea could start out life as the wrong idea. So next time you hear something, or someone, talk about an idea, pitch an idea, or suggest an idea, give it five minutes. Think about it a little bit before pushing back, before saying it’s too hard or it’s too much work. Those things may be true, but there may be another truth in there too: It may be worth it. 62.Which of the following best describes the word hothead from the first paragraph? A. Supportive B. Fast C. Nervous D. Aggressive 63. What did the author do while Richard was talking in the business conference? A. He kept notes for things that he did not agree with. B. He pushed Richard and beat him. C. He was preparing for his own speech. D. He was getting ready to compliment him. 64. Which of the following is the reason for quoting Jonathan Ive? A. The author thinks Steve Job is the best when it comes to creativity. B. The author is inspired by Steve Job's attitude towards new ideas. C. The author respects Steve Job because he is creative and he likes ideas. D. The author thinks Steve Job has ideas that are strong and powerful and are hard to miss. 65. What is the core argument that the author put forward? A. Dismissing ideas is an effortless thing to do so you should always protect ideas carefully.
B. The right idea always starts from a wrong idea and you need to protect it from being dismissed. C. One should be careful when it comes to judge a new idea. D. Every idea, whether powerful or fragile deserves five minutes D When Mary Barra took the wheel at General Motors in January she inherited a company in good shape. Five years after bankruptcy(破产), its profits were beyond expectations and its share price was rising. But the new boss's to-do list was long: fixing GM's loss-making European arm, keeping up momentum(势头) in China amid signs of a slowdown and giving new life to the product line. The former CEO, Dan Akerson, warned her that she would also face unexpected challenges. The first has arrived sooner than she might have expected. What appeared to be a routine recall(召回) of about 800,000 older models, linked to a faulty ignition(点火) switch, has turned out to be anything but. The number of cars recalled has leapt to more than 2.6 million. The company's clumsy handling of a safety problem that first became apparent a decade ago is now linked to the deaths of at least 13 motorists. Called before Congress to answer for GM's failings Ms Barra said she was “deeply sorry” but insisted that the post-bankruptcy “new GM” was not like the “old GM”, which had failed to deal with the ignition switches for years. Politicians and the public alike want to know how such a problem could have remained unaddressed for so long. Cars are becoming ever more complex machines, with thousands of mechanical and electronic parts. Last year it happened to 22 million vehicles in America, compared with 18 million in 2012. In fact, GM was one of only three brands that recalled fewer vehicles than it sold. Minor problems, like squeaks(吱吱响) or rattles(卡嗒响), that do not affect safety are more common still. They may be fixed at a routine service; the owner may never know. The growing number of recalls is proof to an improving system for picking up faults. But it is very complicated. Dealers must record replacements of parts under warranty(保修). The carmaker needs to spot the trend, recognize it as a problem and then determine whether or not it is a design fault that requires an extensive replacement. It relies on accurate recording of every warranty replacement in every region. This system appears to have broken down at “old GM”. Ms Barra needs to find out why. The core problem is a widely used ignition switch that has a tendency to slip from the “on” position to “off” if a driver uses a heavy key-chain or bounces down a rough road. An improvement was made in 2008 to prevent the problem, which can lead to the engine shutting off, disabling the airbags. But despite a growing list of crashes and deaths, GM failed to order a recall for a component that would have cost a few dollars at most. This is odd. Most carmakers want to identify and fix problems speedily despite having to bear the cost of buying and fitting a new component. A small part can do great harm, if bad publicity leads to reputational collapse, lost sales and law suits, including heavy penalties. Appearing to put profits before safety is an invitation to battering a firm's shares, as GM has discovered. So far Ms Barra has handled the situation well. She seems to have acted as soon as she found out something was wrong. GM has appointed a worldwide safety president to cut through the process that may have delayed investigation and action. And in a sweeping housecleaning, GM
has recalled another 2 million vehicles in America alone. GM looks set to accept moral, if not legal, responsibility. The terms of its exit from bankruptcy give immunity to lawsuits for injuries arising beforehand. But GM is likely to compensate survivors’ and victims' families anyway. It is not yet clear how much of a hammering GM will take. But hours before Ms Barra's meeting with Congress, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety issued a greatly desired “Top Safety Pick” for the new Chevrolet Malibu, one of a growing number of well-received cars from GM. 66. When Mary Barra took office, there was plenty more room for GM's improvement in that ________. a. the development of Chinese market appears to be slowing down b. former bosses have failed to fix GM's loss-making European arm c. some car models lack appeal in the market d. Mr. Akerson has left some challenges for her to handle e. GM’s management teams are made up mainly of men A. a, b, and e B. b, c, and d C. a, b, and c D. a, c and d 67. What can be inferred from Paragraph 4? A. Problems like squeaks or rattles are frequent reasons for recalls. B. Recalls are not uncommon in the auto industry. C. Car companies welcome recalls to demonstrate improved products and services. D. Minor problems may be fixed at a routine service without the owners’ knowledge. 68. Mary Barra has carried out the following strategies to manage the crisis and quiet the critics EXCEPT that ________. A. as soon as she learned about the problem, she acted without hesitation B. she faced facts and apologized sincerely C. she took the legal responsibilities for their previous mistakes D. she appointed a new president for global safety for GM 69. What does the underlined word “battering” in paragraph7 probably mean? A. Benefiting. B. Regulating. C. Purchasing. D. Damaging. 70. What can we infer from GM's new Malibu being awarded “Top Safety Pick”? A. GM's new model Malibu is specially designed to solve ignition problems. B. GM products are gaining more and more popularity around the world. C. GM seems to be on the road to saving itself from mistakes. D. GM has worked out a solution to the broken-down recall system. 第 II 卷（两部分, 共 35 分） 第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下面短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填上一个最恰当的词。 Zebras have their own bug repellent(驱虫剂)? Eww bugs! They are so annoying! We humans are lucky that we can apply repellents to avoid nasty bites. But what’s an animal to do? They have no choice but to spend their days shooing them off with their tails, unless, of course, they are zebras, who apparently have their own automatic repellent--- their striped skin! Scientists had originally thought that the reason why the animal had developed the black and white lines was to help protect itself from predators (食肉动物)in the African savannah(大草原), because the stripes make it difficult to single out one zebra that is traveling with a herd.While that
may be true, the theory has never been tested or proven. Now the experts have another---that the stripes have evolved to repel the annoying horse flies that not only feed off their blood, but also, transmit dangerous germs into the bodies of these innocent animals. The study was performed by a team of Swedish scientists. One of the clues that got them thinking along these lines was the fact that darker horses got bitten more often than light-colored or white ones. The fact that zebras are born black and only develop stripes as they grow older made the scientists theorize that the stripes may be something the animals have developed to make themselves less attractive to flies. To test if this may be the case, they painted some boards at a horse-infested(寄生的) horse farm in Budapest with patterns of black and white stripes of varying widths and applied a layer of glue on them. What they noticed was that the places where the black and white stripes were at their narrowest (similar to what zebras have) attracted the fewest flies. They achieved similar results when they painted horses with black and white zebra-like stripes. While the research are not sure why this may be the case, they believe it may be something to do with the way insects operate---horseflies are attracted to horizontally polarized light(偏振光); since white does not reflect it, white horses are luckier than black ones. But zebras seem to be the luckiest of all. When the researchers measured the polarized light reflected from real zebra skins, they found that it matched light patterns that were the least attractive to horseflies. While this theory does make logical sense, nobody is 100 percent sure that it is really true, given that it has never been tested on a real zebra. If it is true, it does raise the question of why a horse, a close relative of the zebra has failed to develop stripes. The researchers believe that this could be because there are more horseflies in Africa, where zebras reside, then anywhere else in the world. Title Reasons why zebras develop their strips Original belief New theory Researchers __74___ Clues A study Method Zebras have their own bug repellent? With the black and white lines, one zebra is difficult to single out while traveling with a herd, thus ___71___ it from its enemies. Zebras, residing in Africa where there are most horseflies in the world have developed strips to ___72____ being attacked. A team of scientists from __73___ To test if strips are developed to make zebras less attractive to flies. *White or light-colored horses are less __75___ to get bitten than dark ones. *Zebras develop strips as they grow older though born black. *Some boards at a horse farm are painted with patterns of black and white stripes variously ___76___ , a layer of glue applied on them. *Measured the polarized light reflected from real zebra skins. *The places where the black and white stripes at the narrowest were similar to the ___78___zebras have attracted the fewest flies. *Strips of zebras matched light patterns that were the least attractive to horseflies.
Principle of zebras’ black and white strips repelling the flies Conclusion
Horizontally polarized light, which white does not reflect, ___79___ to horseflies. ___80___tested on real zebras, the theory isn’t definitely true.
第五部分 书面表达 (满分 25 分) Let’s face it. You are constantly exposed to common viruses. There is nothing you can do about them. However, you can greatly influence the effect of those viruses on your health. Don’t accept that the flu or common cold is something you have to suffer from time to time. Cast off this thought and keep yourself and your entire family healthy regardless of the weather or season. These 4 easy tips will help you to reduce the number of times you are down with the flu or common cold: 1.Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables daily. They will provide you with important nutrients, mainly vitamins, which are needed to increase your ability to win the fight against common viruses. 2.Drink plenty of water. The water runs through your body, removing everything your body wants to get rid of. 3.Sleep 8 hours per night. If you often fail to have enough sleep, not only will you feel tired, but also your immune system will work less efficiently. You will be more easily affected by viruses. 【写作内容】 请你用英语以“健康的生活习惯让我们远离病毒”为题写一篇短文，主要内容包括： 1 以约 30 个词概括以上短文的主要内容。 2 然后以约 120 个词谈谈你对养成健康生活习惯的看法，内容包括： (1) 病毒的危害及形成健康生活习惯的必要性； (2) 要保持健康，还有哪些可行措施； (3) 倡导大家培养良好生活习惯，健康生活。 【写作要求】 1 作文中可使用亲身经历或虚构的故事， 也可以参照阅读材料的内容， 但不得直接引用原文 中的句子； 2 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________
2016 年高考英语冲刺卷 02（江苏卷）答案 选择题答案: 第Ⅰ卷 听力: 1-5 BAAAC 6-10 CBBCB 11-15 CCABB 16-20 CACAB 26-30 DBBAD 41-45 DBCBB 31-35 ABADC 46-50 AADCA 66-70 CBCDC 51-55 CCDDB
单选： 21-25 CBCDB 完型：36-40 阅读：56-60 ABDAA CDADB
非选择题答案: 第Ⅱ卷 任务型阅读： 71.protecting 76.wide 作文： 72.avoid 77. Findings 73. Sweden 78. ones 74. Purpose 79. appeals 75.likely 80. Unless
评分标准： 书面表达评分建议 一、评分原则 1. 本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2. 评分时， 可先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次， 然后以该档次的要求来衡量， 确定或调整档次，最后给分。 3. 少于 130 词或多于 170 词的，从总分中酌情减去 1-2 分。
4. 评分时，应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、运用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下 文的连贯性及语言的得体性。 5. 拼写和标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面， 评分时， 应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。 英美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6. 如字迹难以辨认，以致影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 7. 书面表达的分差，设定 为 4 分。 二、内容要点 1. 约 30 个词概括短文的内容；5 分； 2 以约 120 个词词写一篇作文表达自己的观点：
三、各档次的给分范围 和要求 第五档 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ? 覆盖所有内容要点。 ? 语法结构和词汇有个别小错误，但为尽量使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇 （很好） （18—20 分） 所致；具备较强的语言运用能力。 ? 有效地使用了衔接手段，全文结构紧凑，内容连贯。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档 完成了试题规定的任务。 ? 虽漏掉一、二个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ? 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 （好） （14—17 分） ? 语法结构和词汇方面应用基本准确，少许错误主要是因为尝试较复杂语 法结构或词汇所致。 ? 应用简单的语句间的衔接手段，全文结构紧凑，内容较连贯。 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 ? 虽漏掉一些内容，但基本覆盖主要内容。 （中等） ? 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。
（10—13 分） ? 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 ? 应用简单的衔接 手段，内容基本连贯。
整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ? ? （较差） （6—9 分） ? ? 漏掉或未清楚描述某些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 语法结构单一，所用词汇有限。 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对所写内容的理解。 较 少使用衔接手段，内容缺少连贯性。
信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档 未完成试题规定的任务。 ? ? （差） ? （1—5 分） ? 缺乏语句间的衔接手段，内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。 未能传达给读者任何信息：内容太少，无法评判；所写内容均与试题要求 0分 内容无关或无法看清。 有较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响内容理解。 明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 语法结构单一，所用词汇不当。