1、break 小结 break 一词常用搭配有： （1）break out (战争、火灾、争吵、瘟疫等)爆发 A big fire broke out in the city last week. （2）break away from 脱离 A carriage(车
厢)broke away from the train. （3）break the law 违反法律 Who breaks the law will be punished by the law. （4）break in 破门而入；打断 He broke in to say that he was not interested in what I was talking about. （5） break down 损坏；中断 Her fridge has broken down for a long time. （6） break off 打断；结束；暂停 They were arguing(争论)but broke off when someone came into the room. （7） break into 闯入；侵入 Thieves broke into my house when I was out. break off 该短语动词的意思是“中断说话”，“暂时停止”。如：
第 1 页 共 3 页
He broke off in the middle of a sentence. break sth.off/break off sth. with sb. 前者意为“（使）折断”，后者意为“与某人突然断绝（关系）”。如： The mast broke off /was broken off when the ship was moving. break out (战争、火灾、疾病、瘟疫等的)爆发 ①The American Civil War broke out in 1861. ②Fire broke out in the neighbour last night. break out in (into)… 忽然（做出）…… break out in laughter 突然放声大笑 break in (强盗等)强行闯入 break into 闯入；打碎（打破）成…… break up 分开，分割 2、bring 短语归纳 bring down(风)刮倒，降低（降落）；bring up 养大，呕吐；bring about 带来，引起； bring along 捎来，带来，bring back 归还；bring out 拿出；bring in 赚（钱），带 进，传入；bring on 端上（饭菜），引起（火灾），使……成长； [应用]副词填空 ①He felt terribly ill and brought ______ what he ate. ②Surely the new railway will bring __ many changes in this less developed area. ③Next time you come to China, be sure to bring ______your friends.
第 2 页 共 3 页
④All the library books must be brought_______ before June20. ⑤Selling newspapers brings ______ enough money for my schooling. ⑥Enough water can bring the rice _______ . Key: ①up ②about ③along ④back ⑤in ⑥on 3、bring/take/fetch(get)/carry ①bring 向着说话人的地方“带来；拿来”。 ②take 由说话人的地方“带走；拿去”。 ③fetch(get)由说话人的地方“去拿来、带来”，指往返双程。 ④carry“携带；搬运；运送”，无方向性。
第 3 页 共 3 页