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《金版学案》2016届高考英语北师大版一轮复习课件:Unit 22 Environmental Protection


高考总复习英语(北师大版)

模块8? Unit 22 Environmental

Protection

基础再现

栏 目 链 接

基础再现
Ⅰ.写出下列必考单词
识记类词汇 植物的 1.botanical(adj.)____________ 顾问

2.consultant(n.)____________ 原则,道德准则 3.principle(n.)____________ 一致的意见 4.consensus(n.)____________ 联邦的 5.federal(adj.)____________ 代替品 6.substitute(n.)____________

基础再现
飓风 7.hurricane(n.)____________ 灭绝的;绝种的 8.extinct(adj.)____________ 9.fashionable(adj.)____________ 时尚的 大灾难;惨败 10.catastrophe(n.)____________

破旧的,衣衫褴褛的 11.shabby(adj.)____________
多山的 12.mountainous(adj.)____________ 仓库 13.warehouse(n.)____________ 保护区 14.reserve(n.)____________

基础再现
表达运用类词汇 adopt 1.采纳(vt.)____________ advocate 2.主张,提倡(vt.)____________ flee 3.逃走(vt.)____________ seize 4.依法没收;夺取(vt.)____________ threaten 5.恐吓(vt.)____________ condemn 6.迫使(某人)陷于不幸的境地(vt.)____________ claim 7.声称;断言(vt.)____________

基础再现
sacrifice 8.牺牲(vt.& vi.& n.)____________ trap 9.使困住(vt.)____________ endanger 10.危及,使遭受危险(vt.)____________ relevant 11.有关的(adj.)____________ habitat 12.栖息地;住处(n.)____________ coincidence 13.巧合(n.)____________ changeable 14.很可能变化的(adj.)____________ potential 15.潜在的,有可能的(adj.)____________

基础再现
Ⅱ.写出下列单词的变化形式
calculate 1.计算,算出(vt.)____________ calculation 计算(n.)____________ calculator 计算器(n.)____________ agriculture 2.农业(n.)____________ agricultural 农业的(adj.)____________ reservation 3.保留;存疑(n.)____________ reserve 保留;储备;预订(vt.)____________

基础再现
reserve 保护区;储备(n.)____________ threaten 4.威胁(vt.)____________ threat 威胁(n.)____________ 5.多变的(adj.)____________ changeable change 变化(n.& vt.)____________ separation 6.分离,分开(n.)____________ separate 分离,分开(vt.)____________ separated 不同的,各自的(adj.)____________

基础再现
construct 7.建造(vt.)____________ construction 建造(n.)____________ adopt 8.采用(vt.)____________

adoption 收养;采用(n.)____________
considerate 9.想得周到的;体贴的(adj.)____________

consider 考虑;认为(vt.)____________
consideration 考虑(n.)____________

finance 10.资金(n.)____________
financial 财政的;金融的(adj.)____________

基础再现
politics 11.政治(活动) (n.)____________ political 政治的(adj.)____________ politician 政治家(n.)____________ sharpen 12.削尖(vt.)____________

sharp 尖的;锐利的(adj.)____________

基础再现
? 活学活用 用所给单词的适当形式完成下列句子。 1 . He has calculated ________the number many times and the calculation result shows that the ____________ calculator is very quick ____________ and accurate.(calculate) change 2 . It's generally accepted that we can ________ changeable everything ________ .(change) agricultural 3.He says more investment is needed in ____________ research and that will improve agriculture .(agriculture) ____________ the development of

基础再现
politician is a man who undertakes government and 4.A ________ political power.Nearly in every country , can exercise ________ ____________ is a compulsory subject in their school.(political) politics sharper 5.He is trying to make his knife ________ ,which means sharpened he wants his knife to be ________ .(sharp)

6.Everything taken into consideration __________,he is a considerate ________
man and he always considers ________others instead of himself

only.(consider)

基础再现
adopt many new suggestions to 7.They are trying to ________

speed up the adoption ________ of new technology.(adopt)
constructing a diagram of the bridge under 8.Now he is ___________ construction .(construct) ____________ separated for ten years 9.The war made the twin brothers ________ separation didn't stop them from looking for each and the ________ other.(separate) threat to our existence, 10.Pollution poses a great ________ threaten or damage the quality of life.(threat) which may ________

基础再现
Ⅲ.短语熟记
翻译下列必背短语 1.展望未来 2.采取行动 3.总的来说 ____________ look ahead take action ____________ all in all ____________

break away from 4.摆脱,脱离____________ beyond one's control 5.超出……的控制____________ refer to 6.指,意即____________

基础再现
answer for 7.负责任____________ carry off 8.掠去,夺走____________ plug one's ears 9.塞住耳朵____________ recover from 10.恢复____________

基础再现
? 活学活用 根据括号中的解释,从课文中找出恰当的短语完成下列句 子。 add up 1 . Please ________(get the total of some figures) these figures for me. speed up 2.We should ________(make faster) the construction pace. 3 . Children need to learn to relate to ________(get on well

with)other children. referred to 4.All his classmates __________(call sb.jokingly) him as
“Blackbeard”.

基础再现
5.People of all ages are affected,but some groups are more ________(facing dangers). at risk 6 . The billionaire refused to to contribute ___________(do

sth.beneficial for sb.) the refugees. 7 . The success of the company was not

due to ________(because of) one single person. 8 . They have learned that body systems

slow down ___________(become slower) when you sleep.

基础再现
For instance 9 . ____________(for example) , can you describe

accurately the faces of five good friends?
of 10 . Our customers ordered large quantities __________(a lot

of)products manufactured recently from us.

基础再现
Ⅳ.语篇学习
ⅰ.课文内容语法填空

阅读课文,然后按照课文内容在空格处填入一个适当的词,
或使用所给词语的正确形式完成下面短文。 A layer of gases surrounding the Earth traps the

1.________(reflect) energy of the sun and prevents it 2.________ reflected from escaping into space. That is 3.________ makes the Earth warm what enough for people,plants and animals to live on. For decades,

have increased (increase) the amount however,human activities 4._____________
of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and caused the problem of

基础再现
consequently global warming. Climate change will 5.______________

(consequent) bring about such disasters as flooding,heat waves,
a droughts,diseases,the melting of the polar ice and 6.________ rise in sea levels. So people living in coastal regions will be in it danger. Now 7.________ is time for people to stop polluting the and reduce the release of greenhouse gases environment 8.________ 9.________ they want to continue living on this planet. Not only if should all governments take responsibility for the environment and adopt more effective measures to protect it,but also ordinary

possible (possibility) action people worldwide should take all 10.________
and do whatever they can to save the Earth.

基础再现
ⅱ.话题作文翻译与背诵

上星期,我们学校在 300 多位学 生中做了一项关于低碳生活的调查。 当被问及他们对这个生活方式的态度 时,约有 83%的学生表示支持。为了 保护有限的资源,他们采取很多措施, 如上学乘坐公共交通工具,在日常生 活中尽可能节约水电,使用对环境无 害、可重复利用或可回收的环保袋, 而不是用塑料袋去购物。然而剩下的 17%的学生认为无所谓,不想

基础再现
刻意改变自己的生活方式去减少碳的排放。他们认为,

一个人的努力微不足道。但是我觉得当这些单一的努力积累成 一个集体的力量,它将会对真正的改进产生足够的意义。为了 保护地球,我希望有更多的人能过低碳生活。
Last week a survey concerning low-carbon life was __________________________________________________ carried out among 300 students in our school. When asked ______________________________________________________ about their attitude to this lifestyle, a majority of 83% show ______________________________________________________ support. In a bid to preserve the limited amount of resources, ______________________________________________________ they take measures such as going to school by public ______________________________________________________ _____ transportation, saving as much water and electricity as possible in daily life, and using environmentally-friendly recyclable

基础再现
bags instead of plastic ones for shopping. Yet the

remaining 17% seem rather indifferent and reluctant to
adjust their current lifestyle to cut carbon emission.In their opinion, the effort of an individual is just too small to count. However, when these single efforts accumulate into a collective force, it will be significant enough for real improvements, so I hope more people can live a low-carbon life to protect the earth.

考点整合

栏 目 链 接

考点整合

Ⅰ.重点单词
1.beyond prep.超出(范围、限度等,多指抽

象的东西);(位置)在……的那边

考点整合
归纳拓展
beyond sb.超出某人的能力范围 beyond one's control超出……的控制 beyond one's reach够不着 beyond compare无与伦比 beyond words无法用语言来表达 beyond one's power 超出……的权限

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成下列句子。
the bridge 在桥的那一头). (1)The post office is beyond _______________(

(2)The

failure

arose

from

such

circumstances

is beyond our control 是我们无法控制的). ____________________(

(3)The

books

on

the

upper

shelf

were

beyond my reach ____________________( 我伸手拿不到). (4)She was really touched______________( beyond words 无法用言语表 达 ).

考点整合
(5)This chemistry problem is

beyond me/beyond my ability 我做不了). ______________________________(

考点整合

2.condemn vt.谴责;使……遭受;给……判刑

考点整合 归纳拓展
condemn sb./sth.for/as sth.因……而谴责某人或某事 condemn sb.to...判处某人某种刑罚 condemn sb.to sth./to do sth. 迫使……接受困境(或不愉快的状况)

condemnable adj.该罚的;该受责备的
condemnation n.定罪;谴责,指责

condemned adj. 已被定罪的;已被定罪者使用的;
受谴责的

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成下列句子。 (1)他因未受教育而不得不过着艰苦的生活。

condemned him to His lack of education ________________________live
a hard life. (2)我们一致谴责虐待儿童的行为。 condemn cruelty We all ________________to children. (3)这个罪犯被判处死刑。 was condemned to The criminal ______________________ death.

考点整合

3.advocate vt.主张,提倡,支持 n.提倡者, 支持者

考点整合
归纳拓展
advocate作名词时,后面常接介词of或for
an advocate for education 倡导教育

advocate doing sth.主张/提倡做某事
advocate (that)...(should) do主张/提倡做……

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成下列句子。 (1)Many experts advocate rewarding ________ (reward) a child for good behaviour. of/for (2)He is an enthusiastic advocate ____________ the

educational reform.
(3)The report advocated that all buildings

(should) be fitted ____________________(fit) with smoke detectors ( 烟雾感应
器 ).

考点整合

4.considerate adj.考虑周到的;体贴的

考点整合
归纳拓展
be considerate of/to/towards sb.体贴某人

considerable adj.相当大的;相当重要的;相当多的
a considerable number of 许多的,大量的

considering prep.& conj.考虑到;鉴于……;就……而言
consideration n.考虑;认为 take sth.into consideration 把……加以考虑 consider vt.考虑;认为

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成下列句子。

(1)考虑到他只学了一年英语,他讲得算是很流利了。
Considering ________ he's only been learning English for a year,he

speaks it very well.
(2)在社交界有不少人喜欢他,这些人现在都很出风头。 considerable number of people who like him There're a ____________ round in society; they're very fashionable now.

考点整合
(3)我买汽车时总要把燃油消耗量考虑在内。 I always take fuel consumption into consideration ____________ when buying a car.

(4)那件事正在考虑中。
consideration That matter is under ________ . (5)他不体贴妻子。 He showed no consideration ____________ for his wife.

考点整合

5.trap vt.使陷入困境;使中圈套 n.困境;圈套,陷阱

考点整合
归纳拓展
set/lay a trap 布好陷阱 fall into the trap of doing sth.掉进陷阱;误以为

trap sb.into (doing) sth.使中计;使上当;使陷入
圈套

be trapped in=be stuck in被……困住

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成下列句子。
(1)两个人都被困在燃烧的轿车里。

were trapped inside the burning car. Both men________________
(2)炸弹爆炸了,把受害者困在楼里。

trapping The bomb exploded, ________ victims in the building.
(3)她给他设下圈套,他就径直钻了进去。

trap She had set a ________ for him and he walked straight
into it.

考点整合
(4)我中了圈套,承认自己撒谎。 was trapped into I ____________________ admitting that I had lied.

考点整合

6.substitute n.代替者,代用品 vt.代替

考点整合
归纳拓展
substitute A for B =substitute B with/by A=replace B with A用A 代替B substitute for 替换,取代

There is no substitute for... 没有任何东西可以取


考点整合
? 即学即练 完成或翻译下列句子。 for (1)We must substitute a new chair ________ the broken one.

(2)It matters a lot whether we can develop something to
substitute ________ petrol. for (3)没有什么能够代替勤奋。 There is no substitute for diligence. _________________________________________________ _______________________

考点整合
Ⅱ.重点短语
1.a number of 许多的,大量的

考点整合
归纳拓展
英语中表示“许多”的短语可分为三类: (1) 修 饰 可 数 名 词 : a large/great/good number of , a

good/great many,quite a few,dozens of,scores of,many a
(2)修饰不可数名词:a good/great deal of,a large amount of,quite a little (3) 修饰可数或不可数名词: a lot of , lots of , a large quantity of,large quantities of,plenty of

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成下列句子。

(1)许多人参加了上周的运动会。
A number of/A lot of/A great many ________________________________people took part in

the sports meeting last week.
(2)我的家乡建起了一大批工厂。 A great number of/A large quantity of __________________________________factories been set up in my hometown.

have

考点整合
(3)他开车的时候,你得有足够的胆量才敢坐在他 旁边。 plenty of/lots of You'll need ______________courage to sit beside him when he is driving.

考点整合

2.on one's behalf 代表某人

考点整合
归纳拓展
on one's behalf = on behalf of sb. 代表某人;因为某人;为了某人(常作状语)

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成下列句子。
(1)律师代表当事人说话。 on behalf of The lawyer spoke __________________ his client. (2)请不要因为我而紧张。 Please don't be nervous

on my behalf ____________________________________________________.

考点整合

3.take action 采取措施,采取行动

考点整合
归纳拓展
take action to do sth. 采取措施
take action on sth.采取措施 take steps/measures采取措施 注意:在这三个短语中, action 用单数,而 step 和measure常用复数。

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成下列句子。 on (1)It is up to the government to take action ________ violence. be taken (take) right (2)Immediate action should ________

to prevent (prevent) the river from being polluted. now ____________

考点整合
4.answer for 负责任;保证

考点整合
归纳拓展
answer for=be responsible for 负责(后跟名词或代词作宾语) answer for sb.代表某人讲话;代表某人的意见 answer (sb.) back 回嘴;反驳 answer to sb.(for sth.) 向某人(为某事)负责 answer the telephone 接电话

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成下列句子。 (1)我同意,但是我不能代表我的同事们。

answer for my colleagues. I agree but I can't __________
(2)我不能保证他诚实。

answer for I can't ________________ his honesty.
(3)你怎么能保证这个工程会进展顺利?

answer for How can you ________________ it that the project will go
on smoothly?

考点整合

5.for good 永远,永远地

考点整合
归纳拓展
for good = forever/for ever/forever and ever永远(地)

for good and all 永久地;一劳永逸地
for all I know 据我所知 for free 免费 not for anything 决不;根本不 for certain 肯定地

考点整合
? 即学即练

完成或翻译下列句子。
(1)他永远地离开了那个城市。

for good He left the city ________________ .
(2)美好的事物,回味无穷。

for ever A thing of beauty is a joy ________________ .
(3)他发誓永远陪在她身边。

He promises that he will stay with her for good. _______________________________________________

考点整合
Ⅲ.重点句型
1.Without these naturally occurring gases,the sun's rays would bounce back into space leaving the

Earth cold and impossible to live on.(p.6)
如果没有这些自然产生的气体,太阳的热量将会

被反射回太空中去,地球将处于寒冷之中,不适合生命
的生存。

考点整合
归纳拓展
(1)without在句中用以引导含蓄虚拟条件句。类似的介词
(短语)或副词有but for,otherwise,or等。 (2)leave意为“使得某人或某物处于某种状态 ”,是现在 分词短语作结果状语。常用形式有: leave sb./sth. +adj. leave sb./sth. +介词短语 leave sb./sth. +doing leave sb./sth. +done

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成或翻译下列句子。 (1) 一场可怕的地震毫无预料地发生了,导致死了许多 人。 A terrible earthquake happened without any expectation, left many people killed . ____________________ (2) 大火持续了近一个月,几乎没剩下什么有用的东西。 The fire lasted nearly a month,leaving ______________ . nothing valuable

考点整合
(3)如果不是你的建议,我会失败的。 But for your advice, I would have failed. __________________________________________

考点整合
2 . The last few years have seen environmental disasters on a grand scale,and experts are predicting far worse to come.(p.10)

前几年一些环境灾难大面积地出现,专家们预测更
坏的局面即将来临。

考点整合

归纳拓展
本句的主语是 the last few years ,谓语动词是 have seen。文章中常以时间、地点等名词作主语的句子,常用

see,find,witness等动词作谓语,这是使用了拟人的手法。

考点整合
? 即学即练 完成或翻译下列句子。 (1)1949年中华人民共和国成立了。

1949

saw the founding ________________________

of

the

People's

Republic of China. (2)在罗马城发生了许多伟大的历史事件。 witnessedmany great historic events. Rome ________ (3)20世纪发生了两次世界大战。 The twentieth century saw two World Wars. ______________________________________________

考点整合

3 . Titanic was on its maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City , when it struck an iceberg and sank about 153 km south of Newfoundland.(p.17) 泰坦尼克号在从南安普顿到纽约城的处女航中,

突然撞上冰山,沉没于离纽芬兰岛约153公里的地方。

考点整合
归纳拓展
when it struck an iceberg and...在此为时间状语从句, when表“这时/就在这时,突然间……”,不可用while代替。 常用的句式结构有:

be about to do/be going to do/be on the point of
doing...when正要做某事,就在这时…… be doing...when正在做某事突然间…… had just done...when刚做完某事,这时……

考点整合
? 即学即练

汉译英。
(1)我正要睡觉,突然有人敲门。

I was on the point of going to bed when there was a ________________________________________________
___________________________ knock at the door. (2)他正在洗澡,这时灯灭了。 He was taking a bath when the light went out. _____________________________________________ (3)我刚出去,风就把门关上了。 _____________________________________________ I had just gone out when the wind shut the door.

语法专题

栏 目 链 接

语法专题

纯空格题(冠词、代词、介词)——专项训练

语法专题
专项训练
在空格处填入适当的冠词、代词或介词 1.Sean has formed the habit of jogging________the tree -lined avenue for two hours every day. 2.My father warned me________going to the West Coast because it was crowded with tourists. 3.Tired,Jim was fast asleep with his back ________ a big tree.

语法专题
4.I agree to his suggestion ________the condition that he drops all charges. 5.Would you mind not picking the flowers in the garden?

They are________everyone's enjoyment.
6 . The dictionary is what I want , but I don't have enough money ________ me. 7.I guess we've already talked about this before but I'll ask you again just ________case.

8.When you introduce me to Mr.Johnson,could you
please say ________ for me?

语法专题
9.If our parents do everything for us children,we

won't learn to depend on ________.
10.You are a team star! Working with ________ is really your cup of tea. 11.Helping others is a habit,________ you can learn even at an early age.

12.________ in my life impressed me so deeply as my
first visit to the Palace Museum. 13 . The cost of renting a house in central Xi'an is higher than ________ in any other area of the city.

语法专题
14.On my desk is a photo that my father took of ________ when I was a baby. 15.Neither side is prepared to talk to ________unless we can smooth things over between them. 16.He had lost his temper and his health in the war and never found ________ of them again. 17.If we sit near ________ front of the bus,we'll have

________ better view.

语法专题
18.The visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that people from all walks of life are working hard for________ new Jiangsu. 19.There are over 58,000 rocky objects in space,about 900 of which could fall down onto ________Earth. 20.First impressions are the most lasting.After all,you never get ________second chance to make ________ first impression. 21 . Everything comes with ________ price; there is no such thing as free lunch in the world.

语法专题
1. 解析: Sean已经形成了每天沿着 (along)绿荫大道慢 跑两小时的习惯。 答案:along

2.解析:我父亲警告我不要去西海岸,因为那里挤满
了游客。warn sb.against doing sth.(= warn sb.not to do sth.) 警告某人不要干某事。 答案:against 3 . 解析: 吉姆累了,他背倚着树,很快就睡着了。 against“倚着,靠着”。 答案:against

语法专题
4. 解析: 我同意他的建议,条件是他放弃所有指控。

on the condition that 引导条件状语从句,意思是“条件是,
以……为条件”。 答案:on 5.解析:for enjoyment“为了……乐趣”。 答案:for 6.解析:I don't have enough money with me.我没有随 身带那么多钱。 答案:with

语法专题
7. 解析: 我想我之前已经跟你谈论过这件事,但是以 防万一,我再问你一次。in case“万一,以防”。

答案:in
8.解析:当你向Mr.John介绍我的时候,你可以为我说

一些好话吗?something表示“一些,某些”。
答案:something 9 . 解析: 主语为 we ,因此应为 ourselves 。 depend on oneself“自力更生”。 答案:ourselves

语法专题
10 . 解析: 你是球队明星!与他人 (others) 合作必须是你 喜欢做的事。 答案:others 11.解析:帮助别人是一种习惯,一个你在很小时就能学 会的习惯。空格处与前句中的 habit 构成同位关系,所以填 one 。 句中you can learn even at an early age是省略了关系代词that 的 定语从句。 答案:one 12.解析:我一生中没有什么比我第一次参观故宫博物院 给我留下的印象更深刻。nothing用于句中表示否定意义。 答案:Nothing

语法专题
13.解析:所填词用于比较状语从句中,指代句子的主 语cost,用that。

答案:that
14.解析:take a photo of sb.“给某人照相”,此处应

用人称代词的宾格。
答案:me 15.解析:neither含有“两者都不”之意,一方对应另 一方,故用the other指“两者中的另一个”。 答案:the other

语法专题
16. 解 析 : 填 either , never either 是 全 部 否 定 , 相 当 于 neither。 答案:either

17 . 解析: 表示 “ 某空间内部的前部 ” 时, front 前要加
定冠词the。have a good view“视野开阔,视野良好”。如果我 们坐在公共汽车的前部,就会有更好的视野。 答案:the;a 18.解析:在Jiangsu 前有形容词new, 因此应加不定冠词 a,表示一个全新的江苏。 答案:a

语法专题
19 . 解析: earth 属于独一无二事物的名词,其前必须

用定冠词。太空中有超过 58 , 000 个的岩状物体,其中大约
900个有可能掉到地球上。 答案:the 20.解析:第一印象是最持久的。总之,你永远不可能

有第二个机会去再给别人留一次第一印象。本题强调的重点
是第二个机会the second chance;第二次留“一个”第一印 象(make a first impression) 答案:the;a

语法专题
21.解析:price意思是“代价”,为可数名词。 答案:a

写作导航

栏 目 链 接

写作导航

书面表达分类训练(11)——正反观点
出现在高考读写任务中含对比观点的议论文一般由 三部分构成:观点一、观点二和“我”的看法。考生答 题时,首先写出阅读材料的摘要,再按要求写议论文。

议论文部分可按下列模板进行写作。

写作导航

写作模板一
In fact,people have different opinions about________(主 题 ) . Some people think________( 观点 A)while others believe

________( 观 点 B) . Those who hold the first opinion think
that________( 支 持 观 点 A 的 理 由 一 ) . What is more , __________( 理 由 二 ) . Moreover , ________( 理 由 三 ) . In contrast , those who hold the second view think that ________(支持观点 B的理由一 ). What is more, ________(理 由二).Moreover,__________ (理由三).

写作导航
From my point of view , I think________ ( 我的观 点)./As to me,I agree with the former opinion.(陈述自己 的理由,一般有两个)

写作导航

写作模板二
The topic of________(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently.There are two sides of opinions about it.Some

people say A is________(观点A).They hold their view for the
reason of______( 支 持 A 的 理 由 一 ) . What is more , ________(理由二).Moreover,________(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons.Firstly.________( 支 持 B 的 理 由

一 ) . Secondly(Besides) , ________( 理由二 ) . Thirdly(Finally) ,
________(理由三).

写作导航
From where I stand , I think________( 我 的 观 点).The reason is that________(原因).As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice.For me,

the former is surely a wise choice.

写作导航
专项训练
正反观点写作练习 以约120词就“读书是否应有所选择”的主题发表看法, 并包括以下要点: 1.有人认为一个人的时间和精力有限,所以读书要有选 择。 2.有人认为要全面了解世界,就应当博览群书。 3.你自己的看法及理由。

写作导航
________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ ______________________________________________

写作导航
【参考范文】 Different people have different opinions about reading.Those who think we should read selectively believe that one's time and

energy are limited and one can never read as many books as he
wishes.In contrast , those who think we should read extensively hold the view that one should absorb a variety of knowledge by reading extensively.

写作导航
As to me,I agree with the former opinion.Admittedly,one can absorb knowledge by reading extensively,but it doesn't mean that one should read without selection.One should devote his limited

time and energy to reading relevant and beneficial books.It's a
waste of time to read irrelevant books.Furthermore,some books are harmful to one's mind.If we don't read books selectively,we will be misled by harmful books.

题型突破

栏 目 链 接

题型突破

推理判断型阅读理解(1)
推理判断即从文中的已知内容推断出文中没有明 说的内容。据以推断的已知内容可能是词或句子,也可 能是全文。广东高考中此类题型的命题形式有以下几种:

题型突破

一、推断写作(手法)目的
题干有purpose/be intended to/be meant to/in order to 等标志词语。解答此类题目,应找准主题句,根据主旨推

断写作目的,而首段与尾段隐含着的写作意图则是阅读重
点。同一体裁的写作目的有一定的规律,如记叙文使人 “喜怒哀乐”,广告与议论文使人接受其观点,新闻与说 明文告诉人特定的信息等。

题型突破

二、推断文章出处、读者对象、文章结构
题干有most likely to be taken from/probably to be found/where can probably read等标志语句。

1.根据文章的内容与结构判断出处。报纸首行会出现日期、
地点、新闻社名称;广告格式与广告语言特殊;产品说明有原 料、使用方法、性能等内容。 2.根据文章的内容、人物身份、人物需求、作者的语气与 措辞判断读者对象。

3.根据文章主旨和各段大意及它们之间的逻辑关系判断文
章的结构,如总-分-总,总-分等。

题型突破

三、推断作者观点、情感态度
题干有the author's opinion of/according to the
author/the writer's attitude等标志语句。答题时,要根据 作者的措辞,特别是富有感情色彩的形容词、副词、动词 及例子,推断出作者对某人某事的看法。

题型突破
专项训练
阅读理解练习 On Monday , the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) turned down the request of the Georgia Aquarium (水族馆) to import 18 whales that were

captured off the coast of Russia.The Georgia Aquarium ,
located in Atlanta , Georgia , is the world's largest aquarium.It is already home to four white whales.In 2012,the

aquarium requested 18 more whales to help people learn more
about the species and improve breeding efforts.

题型突破
A law says that white whales can only be brought into the US and put on display if there is an educational reason for doing so, they are captured without being hurt,and their capture doesn't

harm the local population of whales.Under this law,NOAA denied
the aquarium's request.“The Georgia Aquarium scientists and animal care professionals have worked so hard to help ensure the sustainability (持续性) of white whales in human care at our facility and others in North America.You can imagine how they feel

hearing the news,” the aquarium said in a statement,upon
receiving the news that their request had been turned down.

题型突破
In a letter to the aquarium,NOAA said that the idea did not meet guidelines under the Marine Mammal Protection Act.In order to receive permission,the aquarium had to prove

that the import would not harm the population of white whales
living near Russia.NOAA said that the live capture of the whales had led to the population's significant decline. White whales are smart,social animals.“White whales are very important to our polar oceans,” Michael Payne,

who works for NOAA,said.“They're a key member of the
whale family in those waters.”

题型突破
More than 210 white whales currently live in aquariums and zoos around the world.Many people believe that keeping white whales in aquariums will help aquarium visitors learn

about the species and will help scientists protect it.But many
people and animal rights groups believe white whales should stay in the ocean to survive.Critics of keeping white whales in aquariums say that the whales are being used for entertainment, instead of for their survival.These groups are celebrating

NOAA's decision.

题型突破
1.How do the Georgia Aquarium scientists most probably feel hearing the news?

A.Excited. B.Moved.
C.Relieved. D.Disappointed.

2.NOAA turned down the Georgia Aquarium's request
mainly because ________. A.people are strongly against the action B.the white whales have been found injured C.the population of whales near Russia could be harmed

题型突破
D.the white whales are not used for an educational purpose 3 . What do we learn about white whales from the passage?

A.They like living in groups.
B.They are greatly endangered.

C.It's easy to capture them.
D.They can only be found in polar oceans.

题型突破
4.The last paragraph shows that keeping white whales in aquariums is ________. A.popular

B.controversial
C.temporary D.illegal

题型突破
5.What is the main idea of the passage?

A . White whales in aquariums are being used for
entertainment.

B.Many scientists are against keeping white whales in
aquariums. C.The Georgia Aquarium's request for eighteen more white whales. D.The NOAA denies the Georgia Aquarium's request for more white whales.

题型突破
1 .解析 :推理判断题。根据第二段的 “ The Georgia

Aquarium scientists and animal care professionals have
worked so hard to help ensure the sustainability of white whales in human care at our facility and others in North America.You can imagine how they feel hearing the news”可 推断水族馆里的这些科学家听到消息后很失望。

答案:D

题型突破
2 . 解 析 : 推 理 判 断 题 。 根 据 第 三 段 的 “ In order to
receive permission,the aquarium had to prove that the import would not harm the population of white whales living near Russia.”可推断美国国家海洋和大气局拒绝这一请求是因为担 心会危害当地的白鲸数量。 答案:C 3 . 解析 :推理判断题。根据第四段的 “ White whales

are smart,social animals.”可知白鲸是社会性动物,喜欢群居。
答案:A

题型突破
4 . 解 析 : 事 实 细 节 题 。 根 据 末 段 的 “ Many people believe that keeping white whales in aquariums will help aquarium visitors learn about the species and will help scientists protect it.But many people and animal rights groups believe

white whales should stay in the ocean to survive.”可知让白鲸住
在水族馆里是很有争议的。 答案:B 5.解析 :主旨大意题。根据文章内容,可知主要是讲美 国国家海洋和大气局拒绝了乔治亚水族馆想再引进十八头白鲸

的请求,故选D。
答案:D


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