哈三中2015-2016 学年度上学期 高三学年第二次测试英语试卷
第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分40 分） 第一节(共15 小题；每小题2 分，满分30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和D）中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A One winter evening, a storekeeper was going to close
up his shop for the night. While he was standing outside in the snow putting up the window shutters(百叶窗), he saw Seth, a lazy, and good-for-nothing fellow, still strolling inside. Suddenly, Seth grabbed a pound of fresh butter from the shelf, hid it in his hat and put on the hat quickly. No sooner had the storekeeper seen the act than he hit upon the idea that he would punish the thief. “I say, Seth,” said the storekeeper, coming in and closing the door after him. Seth was naturally anxious to leave as soon as possible. “I say, Seth, sit down,” said the storekeeper in a friendly tone. “I think now, on such a cold night, something warm to drink would be perfect.” Seth had the butter and was eager to flee, but the temptation of something warm to drink made him hesitate. The rightful owner of the butter offered him a cup of hot drink, took him by the shoulders and planted him in a seat close to the stove. The storekeeper stuffed in the stove as many sticks of wood as he could possibly fit inside. “Seth, we’ll have a little warmer drink. Without it, you’d freeze going home on such a cold night.” Seth already could feel the butter settling down closer to his hair, so he jumped up, declaring that he must go. “Sit down; don’t be in such a hurry,” replied the storekeeper, pushing him back into the chair again. Streaks(条) of melted butter came pouring from under the poor man’s hat. The storekeeper kept on stuffing wood into the stove. “You seem to be sweating! Let me put your hat away for you.” “No!” exclaimed poor Seth at last, unable to stand it a moment longer. “No, I must go; let me out.” A greasy (油腻的) waterfall of butter was now pouring down the poor man’s face and neck, soaking ( 浸泡) into his clothes, and trickling down his body into his boots. He was bathed in oil from head to toe. Just as this victim rushed out of the door, the storekeeper said, “I reckon the fun I’ve had out of you is worth the money, so I shan’t charge you for that pound of butter in your hat.” 21. According to the passage, why did Seth put the butter in his hat? A. Because he wanted to play a trick on the storekeeper. B. Because he didn’t want to pay for it. C. Because he was lazy and good-for-nothing. D. Because he didn’t carry his shopping bag with him. 22. What can we learn from the passage about the storekeeper? A. He offered Seth a cup of hot drink in order to keep him warm. B. He forced Seth to take a seat near the stove on purpose. C. He regretted charging Seth too much money for the butter. D. He decided to make friends with Seth and have fun with him. 23. Which of the following can best describe the storekeeper? A. Warm-hearted and modest. B. Energetic and honest. C. Wise and humorous. D. Stubborn and aggressive. 24. What is the best title of the passage? A. Great Fun in Selling Butter B. A Foolish Customer C. A Fun-loving Storekeeper D. A Smart Punishment
B In a computer age, a broadband Internet connection is very popular now. Whether cable or mobile broadband, today’s connections are many times faster than those in the early days. Videos play smoothly, complex websites load quickly, and files download much faster than ten years ago. And the files are much bigger too. However, there’s a hidden problem: you have to live near enough to a major city to get broadband Internet. If you don’t, it’s slow dial-up access for you. And for those living really far out, there may be no Internet access at all. Technology experts often talk about the “last mile” problem, which refers to the difficulty of bringing Internet access to remote locations. In cities and suburbs, it’s relatively easy to provide access for everyone. It is much more difficult to deliver access to those living far from cities, especially in developing countries. Internet service providers, for their part, have been reluctant to provide access to sparsely(稀疏地)populated areas. The handful of Internet users they would reach wouldn’t cover the expense. But every year, technological advancements allow of more and more Internet users. Most broadband connections today run over existing cable TV and telephone lines although these technologies aren’t available everywhere. Some companies have delivered the Internet over standard power lines. Advancements in cheaper more efficient fiber optics cables(光纤电缆)promise to bring extremely fast Internet connections to more users. Still, the “last mile” problem remains hard to deal with. There will always be somewhere that doesn’t have an affordable broadband connection. But someday that might not matter. If the rapid progress in cell phone technology has any indication, it may not be too long before an Internet connection simply follows you wherever you go. 25. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Internet service providers are willing to care about customers in remote areas. B. Broadband Internet connections have been popular everywhere. C. Computers can’t become popular in developing countries forever. D. The problem of Internet access hasn’t been completely dealt with. 26. According to paragraph 3, we can know that technological advancements_______. A. make TV and telephone available everywhere B. make it possible for more people to use the Internet C. bring faster Internet connections to users D. bring great changes to people’s everyday life 27. According to the passage, what may eventually settle the “last mile” problem? A. More and more Internet connections. B. The rapid progress in cell phone technology. C. The broadband connection’s getting faster. D. More and more Internet users. C Sheng Wang, 27 Eldridge St., nr. Canal St, (212) 925-0805 The pulled noodles are made fresh as we watch and put into boiling water. They have a new noodle guy here, and he’s really good. Evergreen, 63 Matt St., (212) 571-3339 Shanghai-style rice dishes, hot and sour soup, chicken with peanuts or cashews, and spicy eggplant or cucumber with garlic sauce ($5.95) won’t break the bank at this often-crowded always-reliable place. East Corner Wonton, 70 East Broadway, (212) 343-9896 If you come too late, they may have run out of roast duck and soy chicken , but you can always count on fresh supplies of eggs, and shrimp-and pork-filled dumplings.
Joe’s Shanghai, 9 Pell St., 732--6973
Strangers seated together share one goal-feasting on tasty steamed Soup dumplings (8 for $4.25), fresh vegetables and steamed whole yellow fish (the Chinese believe fish, cooked whole, means richness). Chinese Food, 25B Henry St., nr. Catherine St., 608-8962. The dumplings are so-so, but the pancake is great, with thin slices of fruits balancing the flavors. Asian Food Market, 71? Mulberry St., near Bayard St., 962-2020 “We didn’t get out of my immediate neighborhood very much. But what I like here is the relationship to food,” someone says. “In Chinatown, you eat fresh, every day.” Hunan Garden, 1 Mott St. (across from Chatham Square), 732-7270 Has a New Year’s menu and dancing lions for your entertainment. Sweet n’ Tart, 20 Mott St. (between Chatham Square and Pell St.), 964-0380 Has a Chinese New Year menu with a multi-course dinner for $25 per person. 28. In which restaurant can you enjoy different dishes while the bill is paid by the number of persons? A. Sweet n’ Tart B. Asian Food Market C. Evergreen D. Sheng Wang 29. The underlined “break the bank” means __________. A. disappoint you B. satisfy everyone C. be charged in cash D. cost too much 30. Which of the following is WRONG? A. If you are interested in noodles, you can order your dinner in Sheng Wang. B. Fish is cooked whole to save trouble in Joe’s Shanghai. C. Roast duck sells well in East Corner Wonton. D. Slices of fruits make pancakes taste nice in Chinese Food. 31. If you want to enjoy both Chinese New Year food and performances, you can go to ______. A. 63 Matt St B. 20 Mott St. C. 1 Mott St. D. 70 East Broadway D Plankton Poop May Help Scientists Predict Climate Changes Scientists trying to predict future changes in our climate are using every possible source of data to make their calculations. Lately, they have learned that one of the most sensitive instruments could be floating right in front of them---tiny clumps(碎片) of organic matter that drift in the ocean. As if from a different dimension, the submersible(能潜水的)device called PELAGRA(沉 积物搜集器)slips below the surface and sinks into a research pool at the National Oceanography Centre, in Southampton, England. Soon, two such devices will be deployed(有 效利用) to the South Atlantic to collect samples of so-called “marine snow.” “Marine snow is composed of dead phytoplankton( 浮游植物)which sort of clump together to form flakes and then they’re heavy enough to sink down into the deep ocean. It can also be formed of little animals which eat the little plants and then they poop(排泄) out that carbon, and then their fecal pellets(屎粒)are very heavy and they sink down to the bottom of the ocean, also carrying lots of carbon with them,” said biogeochemist Stephanie Henson. Although invisible to the naked eye, phytoplankton are so abundant that they are responsible for half of all the carbon absorbing photosynthetic( 光合成的) activity on earth. Understanding that process could help scientists create more advanced computer models of global environmental changes. But the challenge was to build a submersible device that could float between 50 and 500 meters deep. That’s where scientists say all this carbon is being absorbed, and beginning its journey to the bottom of the sea. “The way that we do that is by putting them in tanks of water... and adding weights until they’re just sinking, at which point we know they have the same density(密度) as the water that
they’re sitting in,” said Project Leader Richard Sanders. PELAGRA will suck ocean water with marine snow into containers and periodically bring them to the surface for detailed study. Scientists hope that PELAGRA devices will help them answer another interesting question --- why is marine snow more abundant in some parts of the ocean than in others. I’m George Putic, VOA news, Washington. October 27th, 2015.
32. According to the passage, we can know that PELAGRA ________. A. can be used to collect samples of marine snow from the ocean B. can slip below the surface of the sea and stays at the bottom of the sea C. can bring some phytoplankton back to the surface for further study D. can predict how phytoplankton live in the deep ocean 33. What does the third paragraph mainly discuss? A. What animals are carrying lots of carbon. B. What little animals mainly eat and poop. C. Why marine snow sinks into the deep ocean. D. How marine snow is formed. 34. What does “that process” refer to in the fourth paragraph? A. Putting the device in tanks of water. B. Predicting future changes in our climate. C. The carbon absorbing photosynthetic activity. D. The phytoplankton’s influence on carbon absorbing. 35. Where is probably the passage taken from? A. A newspaper. B. An advertisement. C. A radio program. D. A fashion magazine. 第二节(共5 小题；每小题2 分，满分10 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。E Speed reading seems like a manna(甘露) from heaven for people with thousands of pages to read. Besides, it helps lighten the load of information you have to absorb, providing a filter(过滤器) that you can use in screening all bits of information before you approach them. ___36___ Examining how much information you need will help you identify how you should read a certain document to maximize your learning and comprehension. Thorough reading may no longer be necessary in some cases, such as when you only need an outline of a certain document. Another skill that can ease the burden of a reader is the ability to read words in blocks. Make sure you do not spend too long on a certain block. ___37___ This will also make reading less tiresome and boring. To master this important skill, you have to practice reading more and more words in a certain block at one time. Readers should also practice reducing the number of times they go back to previous sections or blocks. Using a pointer such as the tip of a pencil or pen can also help to make the flow of your reading smoother and faster. In this technique, your eyes will follow the tip of the pointer.___38___ If you still find yourself confused about the topic even after you have finished reading the document, do not re-read right away. Re-reading immediately will just lead to slower speed in reading. ___39___Getting your own reading corner will also help. ___40___Continue practicing and practicing the techniques aforementioned(上述的) and soon, you’ll achieve the reading speed that will work best for you. A. Reducing the time you spend on a number of words in a block will make no difference. B. The first step to increase your reading speed is to identify the specific information you need.
C. As a final note, the most important point is consistent and deliberate practice. D. Taking a short break first is recommended before reading the material again. E. This saves time and reduces the effort that you have to make. F. Your valuable time can be saved if you can have your reading speed doubled. G. Thus, your reading speed will largely depend on the speed of the movement of your pointer. 第三部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分45 分) 第一节：完形填空（共20 小题；每小题1.5 分，满分30 分） Mr. Jackson was blind from birth. He owned a fruit __41__ on a very busy street. __42__ he was visually disabled, he ran his business pretty handsomely. He could see nothing and he could only __43__ the things within his reach. __44__, he was able to handle it and was content with everything he had. One day his son came to him. He told Mr. Jackson in __45__ that he read in the newspaper of a __46__ who could operate on his eyes and allow him to see. The father and the son traveled to the doctor and paid for the __47__. After the operation, the doctor asked Mr. Jackson, “What is the first thing you are __48__ to see when I take the bandages off?” He replied, “I really want to see my beautiful __49__ on my stand!” The doctor and the son __50__Mr. Jackson down to the busy street where his fruit stand had been located for so many years. The doctor __51__ unwrapped the bandages __52__ he could lay his eyes on the beautiful fruit! Mr. Jackson was so full of __53__ that he could finally see his life’s work—taking care of his fruit! After a few hours of __54__ his beautiful fruit stand, he looked down the street both ways and saw there were quite a few fruit stands in both directions. He looked __55__ the street and saw many other fruit stands. He spent so much time looking at other people’s fruit stands and __56__ the competition that soon his own business __57__. From Mr. Jackson’s failure, we should know that everyone is a __58__ individual with different fingerprints, DNA and thinking. What we need to do is just be ourselves and __59__ everyone else to be who they are. Mind our own business and we should never be afraid of__60__. 41. A. stand B. company C. store D. center 42. A. Because B. As C. Although D. When 43. A. remember B. describe C. observe D. feel 44. A. Therefore B. However C. Otherwise D. Besides 45. A. pride B. doubt C. excitement D. surprise 46. A. doctor B. nurse C. chemist D. volunteer 47. A. information B. medicine C. service D. operation 48. A. nervous B. lucky C. eager D. afraid 49. A. flowers B. vegetables C. fruit D. clothing 50. A. sent B. accompanied C. followed D. invited 51. A. suddenly B. curiously C. carefully D. firmly 52. A. so that B. in case C. even if D. if only 53. A. regret B. joy C. courage D. relief 54. A. enjoying B. selling C. judging D. making 55. A. above B. within C. through D. across 56. A. preparing for B. focusing on C. worrying about D. taking up 57. A. improved B. failed C. appeared D. expanded 58. A. simple B. reliable C. unique D. perfect 59. A. force B. require C. persuade D. allow 60. A. competition B. change C. difference D. disability
第II 卷 注意事项：将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分45 分） 第二节(共10 小题，每小题1.5 分，共15 分) 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Claire: Hi there! I haven’t seen you for ages. ___61___have you been up to? Doris: Oh, nothing much. I’m just preparing for my summer vacation. Clair: So where do you intend to spend it this year? Doris: In the mountains as usual. Claire: You have been going to the mountains every summer ___62___ I got to know you. Why don’t you have a change? Doris: I love ___63___ only the fresh air but peacefulness in the mountains. What about you? Claire: I’m planning to go to the seaside this year. I hear that the sea is very___64___ (attract) in all kinds of weather ___65___ at all times of a day. Doris: ___66___ you go bathing in the sea this year? Claire: Of course. Someone has told me ___67___ is a feast to bathe in the evening with the silver moon beams ___68___ (reflect) on the water. Doris: That sounds good. Well, I’ve changed my mind. I’ll go to the seaside this year __69__ a change. Claire: Well, just throw ___70___ into it and you’ll enjoy it. 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分35 分） 第一节短文改错（共10 小题，每小题1 分，满分10 分） An aging woman had a heart attack. On the operating table, she was close to death. Seen God, she asked if her life would come to end. God said, “No, you have other 40 years to live.” In spite of her recovery, the woman decided to have a series of operation, such as a facelift, lip-suction( 嘴唇吸脂), breast augmentation( 隆胸),etc. She even had someone come and change the color of his hair. Since she had so much time to live, she figured that she might as well as make the most of it. She left the hospital after the last operation excitedly. However, when crossing the street she was killed by an ambulance, that was speeding to pick up a patient. Arriving in front of God, she was demanded, “You said I had another 40 years?” God replied, “Oh, I don’t recognize you.” 第二节书面表达（满分25 分） 社会发展到了2050 年，照顾老年人成了一个突出的社会问题。你公司顺应社会需求 适时推出了家用机器人。该机器人的主要功能有： 1. 可以在固定的时间做饭，做饭时间可以根据个人需要进行调整； 2. 可以陪老人聊天、下棋、做运动等； 3. 及时处理突发事件，例如在老人突然病倒时及时拨打呼救电话等。 请根据以上内容写一个发言稿，在新闻发布会上向大家推荐你公司的这一新产品。 注意：1. 词数100 左右； 2. 内容可适当发挥，注意行文连贯； 3. 短文开头已为你写好，不计入总词数。 参考词汇：突出的，显著的prominent Ladies and gentlemen, Thank you for attending our company’s news conference. As you know, _____________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________
哈三中 2015-2016 学年度上学期 高三学年第二次测试英语答案 听力：1-5BCABA 6-10BCCBC 11-15ABABA 16-20CACBC 阅读：21-24 BBCD 25-27 DBB 28-31ADBC 32-35ADCC36-40BEGDC 完形：41-45 ACDBC 46-50 ADCCB 51-55 CABAD 56-60 CBCDA 语法填空：61.What 62.since 63.not 64.attractive 65.and 66.Will 67.it 68.reflected 69.for 70.yourself 短文改错： An aging woman had a heart attack. On the operating table, she was close to death. Seen aged Seeing God, she asked if her life would come to end. God said, “No, you have other 40 years to live.” 加 an another In spite of her recovery, the woman decided to have a series of operation, such as a facelift, operations lip-suction(嘴唇吸脂), breast augmentation(隆胸),etc. She even had someone come and change the color of his hair. Since she had so much time to live, she figured that she might as her well as make the most of it. She leftthe hospital after the last operation excitedly. However, when crossing the street she was killed by an ambulance,that was speeding to pick up a patient. which Arriving in front of God, she was demanded, “You said I had another 40 years?”God replied, “Oh, I don’t recognize you.” didn’t 书面表达： Ladies and gentlemen, Thank you for attending our company’s news conference. As you know, with the development of economy, people have to face various pressures. They don’t have enough time to attend to the old people in their family, which has become a prominent social problem. To solve this problem, our company put out the household robot, which is designed to take care of old people. It can cook meals at a fixed time which can be adjusted according to individual needs. It can also accompany old people in having a chat, playing chess, and doing exercise. Moreover, it can deal with emergencies. For example, if an old man falls ill suddenly, the robot will call doctors for help. It would be a great help for you if you own such a robot. Thank you.