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2013高考任务型阅读解题技巧


Task-based reading

(任务型阅读)

任务型阅读 ( task-based reading)
? 综合能力考查题 ? 通过阅读短文,填写表格中相应内容

? 考察学生: 获取信息能力 加工处理信息能力、 综合概括信息能力 表达信息能力

“任务型阅读”,主要考查学生何

种能力? 能力要求 题目类型 1.捕捉信息能力: 信息查找题 属基础题。 2.组织信息能力: 信息转换题 属活用题。 3.综合概括信息能力:信息归纳题 属概括题。

2012江苏 高考题 型 题数

捕捉信 息题 5

组织信 息题 3

综合概 括题 2

总题数
10

信息转换题
解题关键: 根据问题查找定位信息,加工分析并转换成 另一种表达方式。 常 见 的 转 换 方 式

1. 词形、词性转换 2. 同义词和反义词转换 3.句子结构转换 4. 信息释义
5. 表达方式转换

1.词性、词形转换

1. Is it possible for the police to find the lost boy? Is there any ___________ that the possibility police will find the lost boy?

1.词性、词形转换
Many people need guidance in choosing a career ( 职 业 ). Fortunately, there is much information on the Web about job opportunities. With all the information available, it's not surprising that people can feel confused.

◆There is a lot of job information on-line, but too much of it may sometimes be confusing ______________.

1.词性、词形转换拓展练习一

Practice

admission ? He was glad about his _________to the university. (admit) ? The issue brought about a heated argument _______(argue). relatively ? The exam was_________ easy. (relative) ? Dictionaries should be put where they will be accessible easily ________ .(access)

1.词性、词形转换拓展练习二 ? 1.Positive,negative,and neutral messages that you receive from others all play a role in determining who you are. determine → Messages from others help you _______ who you are. ? 2. You can also learn how to apply for jobs. → Its vast resources include ways of job application __________.

1.词性、词形转换拓展练习

? 3. In 1969 Apollo II took three men to the moon successfully. → The United States succeeded in putting a _______ person on the moon. 4. In time of war, one should fight in defence of his country. → Whenever war breaks out, everyone should fight to ________ defend his country.

2. 同义词和反义词转换 Children act more like adults than they used to. behave →Children today _____________as if they were adults. This warm weather is not normal for March. abnormal →This warm weather is __________ for March.

Practice 2. 同义词和反义词转换拓展练习 ? 1. He dare not speak out his decision in public. So we have to get his idea in the other way. ? → He may be willing to tell us his secretly decision __________ . ? 2. Everything in the house was neat and tidy. But the naughty boy changed it thoroughly. mess ? → The naughty boy left everything in the house in a ____ . weakness ? 3. Determination is one of a man’s strengths.

2. 同义词和反义词转换拓展练习 ?

Practice

4). Because of the economic crisis, many people had to look for a temporary job. → The economic crisis made it hard to find permanent a ___ _________ job. ? 5). After three hours of waiting for the train, our patience was finally exhausted. → After three hours ofimpatient the train, waiting for we became more and more __________ .

4. 句子结构转换

Look, a new theatre is being constructed there. Soon, we can enjoy good movies anytime. construction → Look, a new theatre is under ________ there. Soon, we can enjoy good movies anytime

4. 句子结构转换拓展练习

Practice

1.However, the travel rush usually begins up to two weeks before that, and will last 40 days beginning from Jan 11 to Feb 19. → The travel begins from Jan. 11 and ends on Feb. 19, lasting 40 days. ________ 2. Don’t lie in the strong sunlight for long time, which will do much harm to your skin. → Exposure of the body to strong sunlight for long time __________ can be harmful to your skin. 3. Everyone should hand in his homework by May 30th, or he will be punished. deadline → The ____________ for the homework is May 30th.

4. 信息释义

Footprints are one of the few pieces of hard evidence supporting the idea that there is Yeti. Footprints are one of the few pieces of hard evidence that support the existence _________ of Yeti.

Practice
4. 信息释义 ignore/neglect

1. If you pay no attention to your diet, trouble will follow.
yearly/annually

2. The exhibition is held every year.

Title :

Working Together
Effective performance needs highly coomperated (71)__ teamwork__.

…..You are encouraged General rules : to keep records of the sources used by each person, which helps you trace back to the origin of the problems that may happen unexpectedly.
Theme



? Reak the (77) topic into several areas.

? Keep records of the sources ? just in (78)_____. case

信息归纳题
1.解题关键:根据问题查找定位信息,找共性的东西。

概括性 (在最大程度上覆盖栏内信息)
归纳词 2. 的特征

准确性 (量体裁衣,大小适度) 醒目性 (简洁明了)

常用高频词汇总结1 Most scientists are now certain that global warming is taking place. Gases such as carbon dioxide produced by burning of coal, oil, wood, together with industrial pollution, are creating a warm blanket around the earth. This blanket is trapping heat in the atmosphere and so raising the temperature of the earth. Title: Global warming Cause ______ Gases from burnig coal, oil, and wood with industrial pollution.

因果 原因: cause(s) of…/ reason(s) for… 结果: result(s) / consequence(s) /effect(s)

常用高频词汇总结2
Cathy Moulton from Diabetes UK suggests that people with diabetes do a minimum of 30 minutes of appropriate physical activity on at least five days of the week. Title: Tai Chi helps control diabetes

Cathy Moulton’s suggestion _______

For five days a week, people with diabetses should do at least 30 minute’s physical activity.

常用高频词汇总结2

建议提示 advice / suggestion(s) / tip(s)

常用高频词汇总结3
Doctor BlackHe says the studies show that food programs need to place the greatest importance on the first two years of life. It is high time their diets were improved. Diets should include foods rich in vitamin A and other useful vitamins and minerals. The researchers say early help such as this could reduce child deaths by 25%.

Title: A new research The_______ ways _ ●Diets should be improved. ●Diets should contain food with to save rich vitamins and minerals. children

常用高频词汇总结3

? 方式方法: method(s) of /means of / approach(es) to sth./ solution(s) t sth./ way(s) to do/of doing sth.

积累识记:信息归纳题常用词汇(导学案)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 原因和结果:reason (for) , cause (of) ; result,effect; consequence 异同点与优缺点:difference , similarity; advantage/benefit , disadvantage 观点与态度:opinion , view (on/about) , viewpoint , idea ;attitude to/towards 评论、评价:comment (on) , remark (on/upon) , assessment 表方式、方法:means , way , method (of) ; solution (to) , approach ( to sth/to doing sth. ); take measures to do sth. 比较 : comparison, contrast 措施 measure, steps, action 目的:purpose , aim , goal 积极和消极:positive ,negative; optimistic 建议: advice [u] , suggestion , tip 概括、总结: conclusion, summary 情形 ,状况 : situation,condition 种类:kind , type , category ,style 精神上与身体上:mentally ,physically 影响 : influence , impact , effect (on ) 特点: feature , characteristic 建立:build , create , establish , found 出现:appear ,occur(red) 实现,完成:reach , realize , accomplish 必要,必需 : must /necessity 方面,项目条款:item / aspect 材料 : materials 知识消息:knowledge / information 日程计划 : schedule / agenda 百分比:percentage 性别 :sex 年龄 : age 满意 :satisfaction 忧虑,担忧,焦急 : concern (不)熟悉 :familiar /unfamiliar 个人,个人的: individual 细节 :description , detail 文化 : culture 责任 : (take) responsibility 贡献 : (make) contributions to 重要 : value importance significance 功能:function 时期 : period / time 存在 : existence exist 花费 : cost / expense 人口 : population 天气与气候 : weather[u] / climate [c] 位置 : location 主题 : theme 背景 : setting,background 情节 : plot 高潮 : climax 结尾 :ending 反对者与支持者:supporter , opponent

常见概括性词汇:
cause reason 原因,起因 _______ for / _________ of esult onsequence ffect 后果,影响 r_________/c______________/e________ Suggestion _________/t______/a_______ ip dvice 建议
problem 问题 p_________ olution 解决问题的办法,途经 s__________ to sth ay w______ to do eathod m_______of doing pproach a__________to sth 特征,特点 c____________/f________ haracteristic eature 好处/坏处 a_________/d___________ isadvantage dvantage imilarity 相似点/不同点 s_________/d___________ ifference

目的

oal p______/a_____/g_____ urpose im attitude opinion 态度,观点 ______ (to) towards/______ of( on, about) 成就,成绩 a_________ chievement 地理位置 l________ ocation 结论 c________ onclusion 定义 d ________ efinition 当前形势/情况 present _________ situation 意义 s________ ignificance 策略 s________ trategy

Practice
? 1. In my opinion, cultural differences should simply be seen a way of making his life interesting. ? → Right attitude to cultural differences. ______ ? 2. The program is intended to prevent accidental injuries and deaths. ? → Purpose/Intention program _____ of the

Practice
? 3. So it can be concluded that we should try our best to learn and master two more languages. ? → Conclusion __________
? 5. Literature is a term used to describe written as well as spoken material.Generally speaking, it is often used to describe anything from creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama and fiction. → ____ of literature Definition

理解文章

分析表格
定位信息

解题思路

分析整合信息 选择合适词汇表达

步骤方法

1.略读:浏览全文,确定主题,理清框架结 构和段落大意 2.扫读:扫读图表,分析表格结构和内容, 明确任务要求 3.细读:带着问题深入阅读,定位所需信息, 分析整合、转换概括、准确表达 4.复读:认真校对,纠正错误

“任务型阅读”,解题时要注意什么?

三审
1、审大题
即看清楚答题 要求,尤其是 “注意”后的 具体要求: 属三种情况中 哪一种; 在答题的过程 中,能自始至 终贯彻这一要 求。

2、审小题
认真阅读 句 表格及其 子 中的内容, 类 注意其横 向、纵向 短 的类别规 语 律和表达 类 方式。

3、审格式
任务型阅读题 为主观性试题, 答题一定要符 合题目要求、 句子结构要求、 同类或同栏表 达一致性要求; 要注意大小写、 字迹等细节问 题,以规范答 题,求得最佳 解题效果。

Practice


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