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2011届高考英语一轮复习单元专题配套精练:必修2 Unit 4


必修 2
Unit 4 Wildlife protection 能力演练
一、语法填空? 语法填空? 专题训练( 专题训练(二) ◆技巧点拨 动词的语态、语气也是语法填空题的必考内容。如果可以确认句子的 主语是动作的承受者,或所需填入的谓语动词后面有 by,就应该用 被动语态。对含有条件状语从句的复合句,需仔细分析主从句的动词 形式,只要确认主句或从句中有一个谓语用了虚拟语气,就可以肯定 另一动词也用虚拟语气。另外,要注重分析句子结构,看清句中是否 有谓语动词。如果句中没有谓语动词,在填入动词时应考虑动词的时 态、 语态和语气。 如果句中有谓语动词, 空格处就应考虑非谓语动词。 如:? (1)Tom _____________(fire)because of his carelessness.? 解析: was fired.不难看出全句的意思是: 由于太粗心, 汤姆被解雇了。 (2)_____________(arrive)at the village,they began to work with the farmers.? 解析: Arriving.句中有谓语动词 began to work, 这里考虑非谓语动词。 they 是 arrive 动作的发出者,用现在分词。 (3)_____________(frighten)by the fire,the cat ran onto the top of the building.? 动词语态语气

解析:Frightened.句中有谓语动词 ran,空格处考虑非谓语动词。后有 by,用过去分词。? ◆活学活用? 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空 格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空。? The traditional belief is that a woman,s place is the home and that a woman ought not to go out to work after marriage.Now once again we hear such words.? People 1 (hold)the view base their argument on the two

assumptions.First,since jobs now are scarce and unemployment rates higher,if women 2 (return)to the kitchen,there would be more jobs available to men.Second,the majority of female workers earn little,only one ? fifth of their male counterparts,who may earn a little more if their wives stayed at home and 3

(devote)wholly to children and housework.But they fail to notice that 4 (deprive)of work,most women 5 (suffer)unspeakable boredom and misery.For most women,work is not only a means of 6 (earn)a

living,but more important,the focus of their lives and the source of satisfaction,and the absence of work 7 (tend)to have a harmful effect on their psychological well-being.Furthermore, 8 (withdraw)from

employment to complete domesticity means the loss of certain social status that women have now enjoyed after many years of struggle.It

should

9

(recognize)that the current frequent occurrences of 10 (attribute)to the

brutality,desertion and divorce are to some extent fact they have no say in the matter of finance.? 二、完形填空

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的四个选项(A、 B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。? There is an English saying that goes,“He who laughs last,laughs the best.” High School Musical ? star and teen attraction Zac Efron is 1 ? a lot these days.? ? 2 a young boy,Efron was bullied(欺负)in school because he was 3 of because he looked a bit ugly.? .Now at 21,Efron is one of 5 the

the smallest in his class and made

But history,as they say,is a thing of the 4

? People Magazine,s ? 100 Most Beautiful People,and is

world promoting(宣传) the third ? High School Musical ? film.? Efron was born and 6 in California.He took school seriously.? Efron, “He would be mad if he got not an A 8 7

a B in school.” was his It

father who 9 him to act.He took part in school 10 and practised with a local theater group.He also took singing lessons.He 11 from high school in 2006 and was accepted at the University of Southern California to study film.But he put it off—? 12 study movies when you can star in them?? Now he has signed on to star in a romantic comedy and to 13 in the

remake of the popular movie,? Footloose ?.Efron is also earning more than $ 3 million for his 14 in ? High School Musical 3.Not 15 for a 21-year-old.But Efron still remembers those bullies,because he thinks they help him become stronger.? 1.A.thinking C.singing 2.A.As C.For 3.A.little C.fun 4.A.present C.moment 5.A.visiting C.turning 6.A.grown C.raised 7.A.According to C.As for 8.A.or C.and 9.A.wanted C.encouraged B.doing ? D.laughing B.Like ? D.To B.free ? D.use B.past ? D.time B.showing ? D.traveling B.risen ? D.brought B.Judging from ? D.Owing to B.but ? D.nor B.promised ? D.expected

10.A.meetings C.lectures 11.A.graduated C.benefited 12.A.how C.who 13.A.play C.move 14.A.result C.effect 15.A.good C.familiar 三、阅读理解

B.reports ? D.performances B.left ? D.started B.why ? D.when B.behave ? D.manage B.deed ? D.role B.bad ? D.popular

专题训练(二 专题训练 二)

文章主旨? 文章主旨?

主题句呈现方式(3)? 主题句呈现方式 ? ◆方法点拨 先表述细节,后归纳要点、 印象、 结论、建议或结果,概括主题。这 是常见的归纳法写作方式。 ? ◆活学活用 阅读下列短文,按要求完成读写任务。? (2009 年北京卷)When students and parents are asked to rate subjects according to their importance,the arts are unavoidably at the bottom of

the list.Music is nice,people seem to say,but not important.Too often it is viewed as mere entertainment,but certainly not an education priority(优 先).This view is shortsighted.In fact,music education is beneficial and important for all students.? Music tells us who we are.Because music is an expression of the beings who create it,it reflects their thinking and values,as well as the social environment it came from.Rock music represents a life style just as surely as does a Schubert song.The jazz influence that George Gershwin and other musicians introduced into their music is obviously American because it came from American musical traditions.Music expresses our character and values.It gives us identity as a society.? Music provides a kind of perception(感知)that cannot be acquired any other way.Science can explain how the sun rises and sets.The arts explore the emotive(情感的)meaning of the same phenomenon.We need every possible way to discover and respond to our world for one simple but powerful reason:No one way can get it all.? The arts are forms of thought as powerful in what they communicate as mathematical and scientific symbols.They are ways we human beings “talk” to each other.They are the language of civilization through which we express our fears,our curiosities,our hungers,our discoveries,our hopes.The arts are ways we give form to our ideas and imagination so that they can be shared with others.When we do not give children access

to an important way of expressing themselves such as music,we take away from them the meanings that music expresses.? Science and technology do not tell us what it means to be human.The arts do.Music is an important way we express human suffering,celebration,the meaning and value of peace and love.So music education is far more necessary than people seem to realize.? Ⅰ.根据所读短文,写一篇 30 词左右的摘要。? ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Ⅱ.根据所读短文,选择正确答案。? 1.According to Paragraph 1,students _____________.? A.regard music as a way of entertainment ? B.disagree with their parents on education ? C.view music as an overlooked subject ? D.prefer the arts to science ? 2.In Paragraph 2,the author uses jazz an example to _____________.? A.compare it with rock music ? B.show music identifies a society ? C.introduce American musical traditions ? D.prove music influences people,s lifestyles ? 3.According to the passage,the arts and science_____________.?

A.approach the world from different angles ? B.explore different phenomena of the world ? C.express people,s feelings in different ways ? D.explain what it means to be human differently ? 4.What is the main idea of the passage?? A.Music education deserves more attention.? B.Music should be of top education priority.? C.Music is an effective communication tool.? D.Music education makes students more imaginative.?

参考答案
一、? 1.解析: holding.句中有谓语动词 base, 这里是现在分词短语作后置定 语,修饰 people。? 答案:holding 2.解析:returned.后面主句的谓语用了 would be,是虚拟语气,条件状语 从句的谓语就应用过去式表示虚拟语气。 ? 答案:returned 3.解析:devoted.与前面的 stayed 构成并列谓语。? 答案:devoted 4.解析: deprived 句中有谓语 will suffer, 这里用过去分词, 因为 women “被剥夺工作的权利” 。?

答案:deprived 5.will suffer ? 6.解析:介词后用动名词。? 答案:earning 7.tends ? 8.解析:动名词作主语。? 答案:withdrawing 9.be recognized 二、? 1.解析:从后文可知 Zac Efron 现在是一个最受粉丝追捧的音乐明星, 再结合文章首句可知他最近总是开心地笑。? 答案:D 2.解析:As a young boy“作为一个小男孩” ,指他当初在学校上学时。 答案:A 3.解析:根据上句的 was bullied 可推知此处表示他总是被嘲笑“ (be) made fun of” 。? 答案:C 4.解析:语境为:那段难忘的经历已经成为历史,即过去发生的事情。 答案:B 5.解析:上句说,21 岁的 Zac Efron 作为最美丽的 100 人之一上了《人 物》杂志的封面,下句应该是说他目前正周游世界来宣传音像产品, 因此填 traveling。? 10.attributed ?

答案:D 6.解析:依据空前的 Efron was born 和空后的地点 in California 推知此 处应填 raised。 sb.be born and raised in ... 表某人在……出生并长大” “ 。 答案:C 7.解析:According to Efron,用 Efron 自己的话来说。? 答案:A 8.解析:此处为 not...but...结构。? 答案:B 9.解析:语境为“父亲鼓励他表演” 。encouraged“鼓励”符合语境。? 答案:C 10.解析:结合文章内容尤其是空后部分可知,此处填 performances, 表他参加学校的“演出” 。? 答案:D 11.解析:从后面的“from high school in 2006 and was accepted at the university...”可判断应填 graduated。? 答案:A 12.解析:既然你已经能胜任电影中的主角了,为何还要学习电影呢? 答案:B 13.解析:空前部分暗示他要在一部电影中演出。? 答案:A

14.解析:结合上下文可判断? High School Musical 3 是一部音乐剧,

因为出演其中的某一角色(role) ,Efron 可赚到 3,000,000 美元。 答案:D 15.解析:习惯用语 Not bad 表示“不错” 。对于刚刚 21 岁的男孩子来 说,能赚这么多钱当然是挺不错的。? 答案:B 三、? Ⅰ.? The auhtor tells us music education is imporatnt because it tells us who we are and provides us a kind of perception.What,s more,music is a form of thought and a language of civilization.(35 words)? Ⅱ.? 1.解析: 从第一段的 Too often it is viewed as mere entertainment 可知答 案。? 答案:A 2.解析:从第二段可知音乐可以识别一个社会。? 答案:B 3.解析:从 They are ways we human beings “talk” to each other 可 知答案。? 答案:A 4.解析:主旨大意题。文章阐述了音乐的内涵、功能、重要性,最 后的结论是我们有必要重视音乐课, 即文章的最后一句就是文章的主 题。?

答案:A



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