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高一英语摸底试卷
(满分 100 分, 90 分钟完成, 答案一律写在答题纸、答题卡上) 第I 卷 I. Listening Comprehension (24%) Section A ( 1% *10 =10%) Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two sp

eakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.(根据所听到的对话,选择最恰当的答案,对话和 问题只读一遍) 1. 2. A. At the bank.B. At the airport. A. Teacher and pupil. C. Doctor and patient. 3. 4. A. 7:15. B. 7: 45. C. In the library. D. At the hospital.

B. Painter and buyer. D. Mechanic and driver. C. 8:15. D. 8:00.

A. Tim’s excellent performance.

B. Tim’s homework. D. Tim’s study habits.

C. Tim’s graduation day. 5. A. She used to work at a newspaper.

B. She meets with her supervisor regularly. C. She wishes she had a different kind of work. D. She’d like her supervisor’s opinion of her work. 6. A. Stop bothering the woman. C. Take the woman’s book with him. 7. A. She isn’t very hungry right now. C. She is satisfied with the menu. 8. A. Pay for some of the food. B. Ask someone else to go to the library. D. Show the woman how to get to the library. B. She regularly eats at this restaurant. D. She doesn’t want salad with her lunch. B. Insist on choosing their own food. D. Thank Gary for his generous offer. B. No one lives there now. D. You had better make an appointment.

C. Treat Gary to dinner some other time. 9. A. It’s a beautiful place.

C. You can see it after your vacation.

10. A. Waiting until later to decide. C. Working and studying.

B. Finding a summer job. D. Taking summer classes.

Section B ( 1% *6 =6% ) Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.(根据所听到的 文章,选择正确答案,文章读两遍,问题读一遍) Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. At 9: 20 a.m. B. At 8: 54 a.m. C. At 8: 40 a.m. B. He lost his luggage. D. He had to wait at Preston for 30 minutes. D. At 9: 40 a.m.

12. A. He missed his flight. C. He was hungry on the train.

13. A. To ask the company to give him the reason for the delay. B. To ask the company to dismiss the train crew. C. To ask the company to make up for his loss. D. To ask the company to improve the air conditioning. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. At a supermarket. C. In a theatre. B. At an airport. D. In a restaurant.

15. A. Because actors and actresses refused to play the last act. B. Because a fire broke out in the building. C. Because a robbery would happen soon. D. Because something explosive was discovered there. 16. A. To take away all their belongings with them. B. To follow the directions of the police. C. To go anywhere as quickly as possible. D. To throw away the doubtful objects.

Section C

( 1% *8 =8%)

Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.(根据听到的长 对话,在下面表格中填写所缺答案,答案写在答题纸上) Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.
Susan’s Saturday Schedule Time In the morning At 12: 30 At 2:00 At (19) ___________ At 5: 30 After dinner Cleaning the house Having a (17) ___________ appointment. Helping Julie with her (18) ___________ project. Picking up her brother from soccer practice. Cooking dinner. Reading her (20) __________ assignment. Events

Complete the form. Write

ONE WORD for each answer.

Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation.
What was the woman’s previous job? What does the woman say was the most Handling (22)_____________. difficult part of her job? When can the woman start to work if (23)_____________. she gets the job? Why is the woman interested in this position? Because the company has a(n) (24)___________ and a wonderful product. She was a(n) (21)__________ of a store.

Complete the form. Write no more than THREE

WORDS for each answer.

II. Grammar and Vocabulary ( 29 %) Section A ( 1% *20 = 20%) Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.

25.Neither of the novels which__________ popular with us__________ been translated into English. A. are; have B. are; has C. is; have D. is; has 26. John is staying with us__________ the time being until he finds a place of his own. A. during B. in C. on D. for 27. People have heard what the President has said; they are waiting to see __________ he will do. A. how B. what C. which D. that 28. We’ll be much obliged if you will be__________ to make suggestions for improvement of our work. A. so kind as B. enough kind C. so kind D. as kind as 29. After studying chemistry for more than ten years I can only say I have __________ general knowledge of this subject. A. / B. the C. a D. few 30. —How do you like your teacher of Japanese? —Well, he is well-received and no one teaches __________ here. A. well B. poorly C. best D. better 31. I must be off now. I__________ a manager from France at seven p.m. A. meet B. have met C. am meeting D. met 32. — Have you finished your composition yet? —No, I’ll finish it in __________ ten minutes. A. other B. another C. more D. the other 33. He is considered __________ the experiment successfully in the lab. A. doing B. do C. to do D. to have done 34. The headmaster’s office is equipped with __________ furniture. A. old French brownish wooden B. old brownish wooden French C. old brownish French wooden D. French old brownish wooden 35. The teacher patiently gave us many examples in order to get the difficult points in the passage fully __________. A. explaining B. explain C. to explain D. explained 36. They were surprised that a child should work out the problem __________ they themselves could not. A. once B. unless C. while D. if 37. Her pale face suggested she __________ in bad health, but she still insisted that the meeting __________ on time. A. be; would be held B. was; be held C. was; should hold D. being; was to be held 38. York, __________ last year, is a nice old city. A. that I visited B. which I visited C. where I visited D. in which I visited 39. I often see lights in that empty house. Do you think I __________ report it to the police? A. should B. may C. will D. can 40. __________ has recently been done to provide more buses for the people, a shortage of public vehicles remains a serious problem. A. In spite of what B. Though what C. What D. That

41. The invention of telegram __________ the transmission of messages to any part of the world within a few seconds. A. made it possible B. made it possibly C. made possibly D. made possible 42. The war and the suffering__________ caused affected Mary greatly. A. that B. which C. it D. what 43. It’s hard to understand why so many youngsters are __________ smoking in spite of the government’s anti-smoking efforts. A. getting to B. coming into C. picking up D. taking up 44. In a second-hand bookshop, one might, __________ pick up for a few pence an old book that might be worth many pounds. A. constantly B. essentially C. specially D. occasionally Section B ( 1% *9= 9%) Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.(请在下面方框中选择适当的 单词填在文中空格处,只要将所选的单词对应字母涂在答题卡相应位置) A. sore AC. embarrassing 只要 B. accidentally AD. regularly C. mind D. consumed AB. figured BC. stirring BD. describe CD. delight

MISTAKES ARE GOOD. You may have heard this before, but I bet you still hate the idea of ____45____ yourself in front of everybody. This is understandable. We aren’t very nice to people who make mistakes. If you have the right frame of 46____, though, that mistake could turn out to be one of the most valuable, most important, most memorable, or delicious accidents in history. It’s happened before---too many times for me to ____47____. Coca-cola was a mistake---or at least an unexpected ____48____. Here’s what happened. In 1886 a pharmacist named John Pemberton cooked up a medicinal syrup in a large brass kettle over an open fire, ____49____ it with a big stick. He ____50____ he had created a fine drink for people who were tired, nervous, or suffering from ____51____ teeth. He and his assistant mixed it with ice water, tasted it, and claimed it tasty. They wanted some more, and the assistant ____52____ used carbonated water to mix it. Instead of medicine, these men had created a bubbling drink---one that is now __ _53____ around in the world. III. Reading Comprehension ( 30 %) Section A ( 1% *10= 10%) Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Perhaps most of us are familiar with the saying “Laugh and the world __ _54____ with you, weep and you weep alone.” ____55____ did you know that according to recent research, people are losing the art of laughter and it could have a ____56____ effect on our health? In 1930, we laughed on __ _57____ for 19 minutes each day, but by 1980 it had decreased to

six minutes. Children, ____58____ can see the funny side of things more often and may laugh up to 400 times a day. By exhaling air from the lungs in short __ _59__ _ of laughter, breathing is quickened and heartbeats ____60____ which achieves as much good as ten minutes on an exercise bike. Laughter, too has a beneficial effect on our immune system, __ _61____ the production of white blood cells and increasing our resistance to infection. __ _62__ _ makes a difference to our appearance, too, when we relax our facial muscles. Laughter ____63____ is the best medicine, so why not give yourself a treat? Have a good laugh today—and feel better for it. 54. A. fights B. sings C. laughs D. cries 55. A. How B. But C. So D. When 56. A. good B. serious C. few D. heavy 57. A. words B. scale C. public D. average 58. A. as a result B. in addition C. by chance D. on the other hand 59. A. bursts B. breaks C. circles D. pieces 60. A. decrease B. increase C. deposit D. extinguish 61. A. stocking B. providing C. encouraging D. discouraging 62. A. It B. There C. What D. Where 63. A. hardly B. kindly C. rarely D. really Section B ( 1% *15 = 15 %) Directions: Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. A Last summer I went through a training program and became a literacy volunteer 扫盲志愿者) ( . The training I received, though excellent, did not tell me how it was to work with a real student, however. When I began to discover what other people’s lives were like because they could not read, I realized the true importance of reading. My first student Marie was a 44-year-old single mother of three. In the first lesson, I found out she walked two miles to the nearest supermarket twice a week because she didn’t know which bus to take. When I told her I would get her a bus schedule, she told me it would not help because she could not read it. She said she also had difficulty once she got to the supermarket because she couldn’t always remember what she needed. Since she did not know words, she could not write out a shopping list. Also, she could only recognize items by sight, so if the product had a different label, she would not recognize it as the product she wanted. As we worked together, learning how to read built Marie’s self-confidence, which encouraged her to continue in her studies. She began to make rapid progress and was even able to take the bus to the supermarket. After this successful trip, she reported how self-confident she felt. At the end of the program, she began helping her youngest son, Tony, a shy first grader, with his reading. She sat with him before he went to sleep and together they would read bedtime stories. When his eyes became wide with excitement as she read, pride was written all over her face, and she began to see how her own hard work in learning to read paid off. As she described this experience, I was proud of myself as well. I found that helping Marie to build her self-confidence

was more rewarding than anything I had ever done before. As a literacy volunteer, I learned a great deal about teaching and helping others. In fact, I may have learned more from the experience than Marie did. 64.What did the author do last summer? A. She worked in the supermarket. B. She helped someone to learn to read. C. She gave single mothers the help they needed. D. She went to a training program to help a literacy volunteer. 65.Why didn’t Marie go to the supermarket by bus at first? A. Because she liked to walk to the supermarket. B. Because she lived far away from the bus stop. C. Because she couldn’t afford the bus ticket. D. Because she couldn’t find the right bus. 66.How did Marie use to find the goods she wanted in the supermarket? A. She knew where the goods were in the supermarket. B. She asked others to take her to the right place. C. She managed to find the goods by their looks. D. She remembered the names of the goods. 67.Which of the following statements is true about Marie? A. Marie could do things she had not been able to do before. B. Marie was able to read stories with the help of her son. C. Marie decided to continue her studies in school. D. Marie paid for her own lessons. B

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C Tall thin beauties such as supermodels may be many people’s ideal of the feminine form, but it may be that evolution has other ideas about what women will look like in the future. This is the finding of Stephen Stearns and his team of Yale University researchers, who have been conducting a huge study on 2,238 women in Massachusetts, the US. The scientists predict that if present trends continue women in 400 years time will be 2cm shorter, a kilo heavier and have healthier hearts. According to Stearns, the reason is that shorter, heavier women have more children than thinner, taller ones and their female children and grandchildren inherit the trait. Human beings are still evolving, although now the reason has more to do with women’s fertility than natural selection. But what of men? Speaking to the Yale Daily News, one member of the Yale team, Raju Govindaraju, said that men were not being selected for better health, as women were. He added that the Yale team was hoping for more funding so they could do more research on male evolution. Many people today tend to think that natural selection is dead and buried. They say that medicine and improved living standards have made people healthier, so that questions of “the survival of the fittest” are no longer relevant. Not so, according to Stearns and his team. Their findings are backed up by other scientists, reports Time magazine. John Hawks at the University of Wisconsin and his coworkers believe they have uncovered nearly 2,000 gene variations in modern humans that allow them to drink milk, defend against disease and encourage brain development. The Yale study has reopened the old debate about which is more important in human development, culture or biology. According to some scientists, the new research, although valuable, might mislead people into thinking that culture is not a key factor. Dr. Steve Jones, a geneticist at the University of London told Time magazine that “What makes humans what we are is in our minds, in our society, and not in our evolution.”

71. What is the article mainly about? A. A new finding on female evolution and the relevant debates it has caused. B. The difference between male and female evolution. C. Whether natural selection still has an effect on humans. D. Debate over the effects of culture and biology in human development. 72. The expression “are backed up” in paragraph 6 can be understood as “__________”. A. are opposed B. are ignored C. are approved D. are supported 73. What can we infer from the article? A. Natural selection affects men more than women B. “The survival of the fittest” no longer applies to the human race. C. Improved living standards make humans evolve faster than ever. D. Some gene variations help humans better adapt to the environment 74. With his words in the last paragraph, Dr. Steve Jones intends to __________. A. explain the outcomes and effects of the Yale study B. figure out the most important factor in human evolution C. stress the key role culture plays in human evolution D. show how important genetics is in human evolution D Most people in business have a strong sense that meetings are demanding more and more of their time. Fifty years ago meetings were barely necessary – the boss decided what was going to happen and told employees in a brief office memo. Now everything in business is discussed extensively in large meetings attended by anybody who has the remotest interest in the subject. The gradual erosion of formal systems of authority has increased the appetite for face-to-face meetings. Consultation and discussion have taken the place of direct instruction. The amount of travel to get to these meetings is increasing. More than nine million people passed through Heathrow in 2005 on the way to internal company events. As a consequence, corporate travel is a growing part of UK carbon emissions. It would be easy to say we must reverse the trend towards more meetings to reduce the climate-change impact of modern business. Unfortunately, it is not going to be easy. Some interesting recent research shows that most of the attendees at corporate meetings do complain about the waste of time involved. But when they were questioned in private, the picture changes. Only 15 per cent of people rated their most recent meeting adversely. Though most attendees saw room for improvement, meetings were valuable both in helping build plans for action and in making employees feel part of the organization. But do these meetings have to be face-to-face? British Telecom recently presented some data on the success of its internal voice conferencing. In the most recent year, more than two million telephone conferences took place in the company. BT estimates a saving of over ?200m from the use of this technology and a cut of almost 100,000 tonnes of CO2. Of course BT has a clear interest in telling us that phone meetings are a good substitute for wasteful corporate get-togethers. So far, such conferencing has struggled to take off as people have tended to prefer to travel. It is, after all, rather more difficult to understand the boss’s body language over the phone. Nevertheless, BT’s research on the considerable benefits of conferencing is reasonable.

Rather than try to get rid of apparently unproductive meetings, we need to find ways to make telephone and video conferences ever better substitutes for those traditional meetings. 75. Why are there more and more meetings according to the passage? A. Because the formal systems of authority have been established. B. Because people prefer to solve problems through discussion. C. Because the organizations are getting more and more complex. D. Because modern transportation has been developing rapidly. 76. The word “adversely” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to ______. A. approvingly B. enthusiastically C. feasibly D. unfavourably 77. British Telecom presented the figures to prove that voice conferencing _______. A. stimulates the development of technology B. plays a vital role in large organizations C. may well replace conventional ones D. brings large profit to the company 78. What can we learn from the passage? A. Traditional face-to-face meetings bring more benefits than harm. B. Corporate travel contributes a lot to environmental problems. C. The idea of telephone conference is well accepted by employees. D. Meetings should be abandoned because they are a waste of time. Section C ( 1 % * 5 = 5% ) Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A-AB for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need.(根据下列段落,选择恰当标题, 只要将所选的标题对应字母涂在答题卡相应位置) A. Heavens will be next explorable frontier of modern adventures B. Scientists say we will go to the stars soon C. Neil Armstrong took the first steps on the moon D. The desire to vacation in space seems to be within our reach E. It is reasonable to think that you may be able to move to another planet AB. A giant space hotel may be built 79. __________ It seems to be programmed into all of us the desire to be greater, to go further, to break down the boundaries. When we look to the stars, some of us wonder, “How far can we go?” Some scientists say not only will we go far, but we'll go soon. 80. __________ Seem believable? You know, it’s not unreasonable to think that you might spend a couple of weeks vacationing in space or, who knows, maybe move on to another planet. I mean, who thought that Neil Armstrong was gonna walk on the moon, right? When he took those first steps, they seemed like real small steps, and if we start moving into another planets on our solar system, there are gonna be in small steps, too, but then, when we look back at the big picture, it’s gonna seem like a giant leap. 81. __________ In our ever-shrinking world, it seems there are no more hills to climb, no new oceans to

cross. Modern adventures are looking more and more to the heavens as the next explorable frontier (疆界) . 82. __________ That adventure includes some fantastic ideas. Space hotel projects are in development across the country. Space Island Group of California plans to use empty fuel tanks and a space shuttle (区间内往返的车辆) to build a giant space hotel that will orbit the moon. The hotel could house up to 300 space guests, with a view that would be out of this world. 83. __________ The desire to vacation or adventure in space seems to be realistically within our reach. Is the space of our tomorrow filled with private rockets and space hotel?

第 II 卷 I Fill in the blanks with the proper forms of the given words.(用单词的适当形式填空,答案写 在答题纸上) ( 1% * 7 = 7 %) 84. With the rapid growth of population, the city __________(spread) in all directions in the past five years. 85. This is Ted’s photo. We miss him a lot. He __________(kill) trying to save a child in the earthquake. 86. This time yesterday, they __________ (have) lunch. 87. — When will you come to see me, Dad? — I will go to see you when you __________ (finish) the training course. 88. Visitors__________ (request) not to touch the exhibits. 89. Turn on the television or open a magazine and you __________ (see) advertisements showing happy families. 90. By the time Jane gets home, her aunt__________ (leave) for London to attend a meeting.

II. Translation 1(根据所给的中文译文,在空格内填写适当的内容,每空一词,答案写在答题纸 上) ( 1 % * 6 = 6 %) 91. 起初,我没有意识到已经冒犯了她。 At first, I __________ __________ __________ __________ having offended her. 92. 华盛顿,美国的一个州,是为了纪念最伟大的美国总统之一而命名的。 Washington, a state in the US, was named __________ __________ __________ one of the greatest American presidents. 93. 在我们开始经济改革的时候,必然会遭到某些传统势力的阻碍。 It is inevitable that certain traditional forces will get __________ __________ __________while we are starting the __________ __________. 94. 过去我们对他此行的目的很茫然,但现在我们清晰地知晓了。 We were quite__________ __________ __________as to the object of his trip, but now we see it quite clearly.

95. 所有的药品应该放在孩子们够不到的地方。 All medicine should be kept __________ __________ __________ of children.

III. Translation 2(根据所给的中文,将整个句子翻译成英语,答案写在答题纸上)(4%) 96.他已经决定待在这儿,所以说服他走很难。(decide)


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