English competition for senior 2
(May 25, 2014)
Section 1 Use of language (2×15 = 30 points) Read the text below and for blanks 1-15 choose the most suitable words. Mark your answer
s on your answer sheet. Eating too much chocolate is often thought to be the cause of tooth decay, weight gain, headaches, and skin problems such as acne. On the other hand, chocolate is known to make people feel 1 . Eating chocolate releases a/an 2 flavor that gives us a pleasant, positive feeling. What is it that causes this feeling? Chocolate contains over three hundred known chemicals. Like a drug, these chemicals 3 areas of the brain that enable us to feel pleasure. However, does eating too much chocolate cause any real health 4 ? The fact is, chocolate does contain saturated fat. This type of fat can contribute to heart disease by 5 levels of bad cholesterol in the blood. On the other hand, some scientists have 6 that chocolate also contains high levels of chemicals called phenolics. Some phenolics, if 7 in small amounts, are believed to 8 the risk of heart disease. 9 that eating chocolate does not cause acne comes from two 10 : one by the Pennsylvania School of Medicine, the other by the U.S. Naval Academy. Their research showed some interesting 11 . They found that there was no 12 in the skin condition between the study participants who did, or did not, eat chocolate. There is also no proof that chocolate is the cause of tooth decay. In fact, it is believed that the cocoa butter in chocolate forms a coating over teeth that may help to 13 them. Consumption of cocoa around the world now amounts to almost three million tons a year. That ’s 14 to 500 grams of cocoa for every person on earth! No one has ever died of eating too much chocolate, so this is one 15 that might be okay to have. 1. A. annoyed B. ridiculous C. happier D. smarter 2. A. distinctive B. disgusting C. reasonable D. addictive 3. A. destroy B. stimulate C. guarantee D. encourage 4. A. solutions B. elements C. risks D. limits 5. A. reducing B. balancing C. causing D. increasing 6. A. discovered B. justified C. investigated D. clarified 7. A. conducted B. consumed C. constrained D. collected 8. A. lower B. enlighten C. restrict D. force 9. A. Experience B. Reasons C. Evidence D. Experiments 10. A. studies B. programs C. scientists D. schools 11. A. stories B. results C. chemicals D. problems 12. A. chance B. difficulty C. symptom D. difference 13. A. reduce B. renew C. protect D. treat 14. A. equivalent B. similar C. familiar D. related 15. A. consumption B. addiction C. collection D. requirement
Section 2 Reading （80 points） Part 1 Fast reading. (40 points) A. Read the following signs. What do they say? For questions 16-20, mark your answers on your answer sheet. (10 points) 16. A. The restaurant is temporarily moving to a new location. 17. B. The restaurant building is 18. being improved. C. A new restaurant will open in one month. D. The restaurant will close from now on.
17. A. Stay in your car while waiting for repairs. B. A customer can enter garage after their car is repaired. C. You can only enter the garage with a garage worker. D. Customers must remain in the viewing area at all times. 18. A. It is not necessary to call before buying. B. You can buy any quantity for the same price. C. You must call before buying. D. People who want to buy a large amount should call the number.
19. A. The man was beaten up after visiting the doctor. B. The man got hurt and went to see the doctor. C. The man did not appreciate seeing the doctor. D. The man felt sad because of his poor health.
20. Which is true? A. B. C. A. The person chose option 3. B. A new delivery time has been selected. C. The package will be delivered between 9am and 7pm. D. The package was received on Monday.
B. Read a page from a travel pamphlet. For questions 21-25, mark your answers on the answer sheet. (10 points)
Soaking up Santorini, Greece Romance out of disaster, that’s Santorini’s story. This Greek island was once a huge volcano, but a super-eruption around 1640 BC saw it sink into the sea, leaving only rocks behind. The result is pure Greek-isle fantasy: white-washed houses, steep-stepped switchback alleys leading to old harbours, and traditional tavernas serving fish suppers. The volcanic soil has other benefits – Santorini’s vineyards produce excellent wine. Roaming the Outer Hebrides, Scotland Scotland’s remote isles are famed for their natural beauty. Cut off by the wind-whipped waters of the Minch, rural populations have expanded and collapsed over the centuries, but small-scale farming endures today. Ringed by some of the UK’s loveliest white-sand beaches and crystal-clear waters, these islands are home for marine wildlife too, with whales, dolphins, porpoises and basking sharks all visiting at various times of the year. Having fun on Fraser Island, Queensland, Australia Originally called Great Sandy Island. This 123km-long wildlife sanctuary – the world’s largest sand island – sits within Queensland’s Great Sandy National Park. Fraser feels like nature’s theme park, a place where lakes, dunes and streams seem built for human fun. There are over 350 species of bird to tick off the list, too, as well as flora unique to the island. Exploring Banff National Park, Canada Winter or summer, Banff gets the thumbs-up. Skiers love the sheer scale of it, the flinty vistas spread out under the dome of a blue sky, clouds floating along in orderly fashion. In the summer, a drive down the Icefields Parkway has you floored in admiration. Many of you vote it your favourite road in the world, with spectacular views of mountains, rivers, lakes, forests, glaciers, icefields and, if you’re lucky, the occasional brown bears. Hiking the Tongariro Crossing, New Zealand It’s touted as New Zealand’s – if not the world’s – best day walk. Quite a claim. But this 19km tramp across the volcanically sculpted wilds of North Island is a contender. It’s a manageable challenge, for starters – at six to eight hours it will test but not break you. Then there’s the variety: from the shrubby Mangatepopo Valley, to the lunar weirdness of Red Crater, the sulphurous sparkles of Blue and Emerald Lakes and, finally, the descent into lush podocarp forest. Add some Maori legend, and a sprinkle of Hollywood glam. Appreciating all that ice, Antarctica Nothing prepares you for the beauty of the ice. The trip to the Antarctica across the Drake Passage can be a tough one, but that is swiftly forgotten as you start to see more and more ‘ ice’. Of course, the wildlife is a reason to go to Antarctica too: the penguins steal your heart while sightings of whales, leopard seals and snowy shearwaters will make any trip memorable. 4
21. Which of the following is not a feature of Santorini, Greece? A. The white-washed house. B. Beautiful wine. C. Old harbours. D. High mountains. 22. Which is the best place for climbs and hikes? A. Fraser Island, Queensland. B. Banff National Park, Canada. C. The Outer Hebrides, Scotland. D. The Tongariro Crossing, New Zealand. 23. Which of the following places will be the toughest to go to? A. Fraser Island, Queensland. B. Banff National Park, Canada. C. The Tongariro Crossing, New Zealand. D. The Antarctica. 24. What makes Fraser Island, Queensland different from the other destinations? A. You can see many animals there. B. It ’s a great place to go swimming. C. It’s the world’s largest sand island. D. It has beautiful white houses. 25. Which is a popular skiing destination? A. Fraser Island, Queensland. B. Banff National Park, Canada. C. The Outer Hebrides, Scotland. D. The Antarctica. C. Read a newspaper article about music and choose the subtitle for each part of the article. For questions 26-30, mark your answers on the answer sheet. (10 points) A. Music is the language of the universe. B. Music has spiritual powers. C. Music makes education more enjoyable. D. Music brings people together. AB. Music can create a mood and make you feel emotion. AC. Music is the key to creativity. 26.___________________________________ Music fuels the mind and thus fuels our creativity. Listening to instrumental music challenges one to listen and tell a story about what one hears. In the same sense, playing a musical instrument gives you the ability to tell the story without words. Both require maximum right brain usage which not only exercises one’s creativity but also one’s intellect. The strength of all the Arts including writing, painting, dance, and theater has the ability to create a similar effect. 27.___________________________________ You’ve heard this time and time again, but what does it mean exactly? Music is universal in that there are no boundaries to understanding music. Even animals like birds, dogs, and whales can understand music to a certain degree. It crosses all boundaries of communication because you can speak and tell stories to someone on the other side of the planet, even though you both don’t speak the same language.
28.___________________________________ No one really knows where music came from but there are many theories that suggest music is as old as the existence of mankind. One of the most commonly known uses for music was religious and sacred tribal events. Some of the earliest recorded moments in music took place in the Medieval times with choral pieces for church prayers. Much emphasis was placed in the organization and use of specific harmonies to create moods that would elicit a spiritual experience. 29.___________________________________ Music can take you on an extended journey. Music can make time feel frozen. Music also has the power to suggest movement. All these things deal with the human senses. I’m sure you can remember a moment where a song has made you particularly sad or very excited and happy. But how do organized tones create such an effect on our senses? No one really knows why or where it comes from but there are many studies that have been done to show that there is an agreement of which emotions pertain to certain scales, chords, and harmonies. 30.___________________________________ What is amazing about music is that it is imbedded within all of us. Everyone can understand it and feel something if they open themselves up. Playing music with other musicians is an incredible feeling. Some people describe it as rowing down a river together. There is a certain type of connection that comes when you make music in a group. The same is true for those who are listening to music in a group and interacting with music through dance. This type of behavior is rooted in our history and our discoveries as human beings.
D. Read the following poster. For questions 31-35, mark your answers on the answer sheet. (10 points)
31. Which is the cheapest competition to enter per person? A. Debate. B. Scrabble. C. Speech. D. Writing. 32. What distinguishes the Scrabble competition from the other events? A. The prizes for winners are less valuable. B. The registration date is later. C. It has the highest entry fee of all events. D. It is the only event without a set topic. 33. Which of the following is NOT required in order to register for the competition? A. A student photo. B. A student ID. C. A payment receipt. D. A registration form. 34. What is the general theme of the competition? A. Young generation nationalism. B. Critical Thinking. C. English Language. D. Life in the future. 35. What is the purpose of the poster? A. Encourage students to study English. B. Invite students to take part in an activity. C. Explain how the competition works. D. Promote the organizers of the event. Part 3 Intensive reading. (40 points) E. Read the different parts of a passage about Jessica's Rebellion Against Authority. Put them in the right order and mark your answers for questions 36-40 on your answer sheet. (10 points) A. Jessica came from a loving, affluent home, but the only problem was that Jessica never felt good enough. B. The wilderness camp involved vigorous activities and many scare straight tactics. C. Her parents wanted her to be the best at everything, and they wanted her to consider them her best friends. D. Her parents had no idea what had gotten into her and feared for her future, so they signed her up for a wilderness camp. AB. Once the camp was over, Jessica went home as a completely different and new individual. AC. Her parents understand where they went wrong through family counseling, and they were as happy to have their daughter back as Jessica was to be back. AD. When Jessica reached adolescence, she decided that she could not take her parent's demands any longer and did everything she could to go against her parents' wishes, which included joining the wrong crowd, drinking, using drugs, and committing crimes. The correct order of the sentences is: A ? 36 ? 37 ? 38 ? 39 ? 40 ? AC
F. Read the following story. For questions 41-45, mark your answers on your answer sheet. (10 points) Jeb Smith was thirty when his wife died. Their boy – Skip – was six and he took it bad. The day after the funeral, Jeb Smith closed the mountain supplies store he ran in the town. With backpacks packed, he and Skip headed for the mountains. They kept to the valleys mainly, Jeb pushing the boy real hard, lifting him over boulders and rocks when he got tired until they both burned out their pain in the heat. The cougar saw them before they saw it. It was stretched out on the sun on a ledge of rock, about head high. Jeb saw it as it put its head down between its paws to spring. He put his pack down quickly. He was wearing a jacket, the way men from the mountains often do, even in the heat, and he pulled the jacket open with both hands, making himself look big to the cougar. It worked. The cat hesitated, ready to pounce on Jeb, but ready to forget the whole thing, too. Jeb let go of his jacket, grabbed Skip and held him across his body, making a cross. Now the cougar’s enemy looked even bigger and he raised up out of the crouch, ready to run away, but unfortunately Skip got scared and struggled free of Jeb. “Skip, no!” yelled his father. But Skip broke and ran and that’s the last thing you do with a cougar. The second Skip broke fee, Jeb hurled himself at the cougar, just as it sprang from the rock. They hit each other in mid-air, spun and both fell. The cougar was on Jeb in a flash, forgetting about Skip, which was what Jeb wanted. Cougars are not as big as most people think and a determined man stands a chance, even with just his fists. As the cougar’s jaws ripped into his left shoulder, Jeb swiped his fist at its eyes and hit it hard. The animal howled, hissed and put its head back. Jeb followed up with his other fist, but he only managed to brush the cougar harmlessly behind the ear. Then out of the corner of his eye, Jeb saw Skip. The boy was running back to help his father. A low sob broke from Jeb at this, but he never stopped swinging his arms, elbows and fists into the cougar’s face, so fast that the cougar never got a bite back. But its claws were still digging deep into Jeb’s shoulders and Jeb knew if he lost consciousness, the cougar would kill both him and Skip. “Knife, Skip,” shouted Jeb. The boy ran to his father’s pack that was lying on the ground and tore at the tent that was folded on top of it. He got the pack open and threw stuff out until he came to the knife. Jeb started yelling as well as hitting, to keep the cougar’s attention away from Skip. Skip got the knife and ran over to Jeb. The cougar was moving its head in and out, trying to find a way through the wall Jeb was making out of his arms. Skip swung with the knife, into the cougar’s back. It howled horribly, and turned and snarled, and ran off into the mountains. The whole fight had taken maybe thirty seconds. 41. Why did Jeb probably decide to take Skip to the mountains? A. He wanted to teach the boy to hunt.
B. It was the beginning of the holidays. C. To reward the boy for his courage. D. To get relief from their sadness. 42. What was the cougar doing when Jeb first saw it? A. Lying down on a stone ledge. B. Getting ready to jump. C. Blocking the walking path. D. Growling at the invaders. 43. In Paragraph 2, what can we learn about the cougar? A. It was larger than the average cougar. B. It had attacked people before. C. It was nervous before it attacked. D. It had been injured earlier. 44. What finally caused the cougar’s attack? A. The presence of the father and son on the mountain. B. Jeb’s trying to make himself appear bigger. C. Skip’s running away from his father. D. The noises Jeb made. 45. The underlined word ‘it’ in the third last paragraph refers to ______. A. the tent B. the pack C. the knife D. the cougar G. Read the following article about communication problems. Mark your answers for questions 46-50 on your answer sheet. (10 points) What do we really want when we communicate with someone else? We might need a question answered; perhaps we need to confirm a job is being done correctly; or maybe we just need to be heard. All of us have a very strong need to have other people hear us, understand us, and process the information we give them. This need is so strong that when listening is purposely withheld, our self-esteem suffers. This tremendous need to be listened to is crucial to human relations. We should realize that other people have this need as much as we have. You’ll be amazed at the results you get when you tune into other people and their needs. The need to be a good listener to others is often ignored by people who consider themselves good communicators. In fact, nearly everyone is a poor listener. In a much quoted article in the Harvard Business Review, Ralph Nicolas and Leonard Stevens wrote, “Immediately after the average person has listened to someone talk, he remembers only half of what he heard – no matter how carefully he thought he was listening. Two months after listening to a talk, the average listener will remember only about 25% of what was said.” Other recent studies have reached similar conclusions. What makes us miss much of what we hear? Let’s start with some of the understandable reasons for poor listening. In our life, we are bombarded with thousands of messages daily. Because we couldn’t possibly give out full attention to all these messages, we practice selective listening. If we are in a
personal environment with even more demands on our attention, the problem is even greater. For example, picture a home with young children chattering and trying to get attention. Parents often become selective just to retain their sanity. Thus, information overload is one cause of poor listening skills. Many other reasons for poor listening skills, though, come from habits we have established throughout our lives. For example, when a subject seems difficult or above our level of ability, we often fail to listen – when, if we had listened, we would have seen how clear and understandable the subject was. The opposite happens too. We might reject a speaker because the message seems too basic, beneath our level of knowledge. In either case, the message seems lost. When we are in a group listening to a single speaker, we can easily allow our minds to wander. If we are attending a business meeting or conference, the success of the meeting can be destroyed by this habit. One reason for this tendency is that we have the capacity for listening at a speed that far exceeds the speed of the fastest speaker. We could listen and comprehend up to 500 words per minute; the average public speaker travels through a message at about 125 words per minute. How we spend that extra time and energy often determines our effectiveness as listeners. Sometimes we simply refuse to listen to our co-workers, often out of prejudice. Some people won’t listen to a member of races they consider inferior; some men won’t listen to women. Prejudice can be subtler than these examples, though. What about a person who looks unintelligent to the listener, or whose appearance is in some way unattractive? Prejudice can also overlap with jealousy. What about a speaker who seems too perfect? We need to watch our listening habits and rule out prejudice. The process of doing business can be hampered by prejudice. Clearly there are many reasons why we don’t hear what our co -workers are really saying. Listening experts believe there is one major cause underlying most of our poor listening habits. From childhood we have been taught that talking requires energy, attention and organization, but that listening is passive. From kindergarten onwards, we are taught to be assertive, to express ourselves effectively. But until recently, little has been done to teach us active listening. 46. What is the main idea of paragraph one? A. We listen to communicate. B. We listen to get our questions answered. C. We need to be listened to and understood. D. We listen to check if we are doing our jobs right. 47. The underlined sentence “The need to be a good listener to others is often ignored by people who consider themselves good communicators” in Paragraph two means “__________” A. Good communicators are naturally good listeners. B. Listening is an important part of good communication. C. Effective speakers should give others a chance to talk. D. Speakers sometimes forget that they need to be listeners too.
48. Which is an example of both prejudice and jealousy? A. Some men don’t listen to women. B. Some people won’t listen to the member of another race. C. Some people won’t listen to a speaker they think is too perfect. D. Some people won’t listen to a person they consider unintelligent. 49. According to the last paragraph what is the major cause of people’s poor listening habits? A. The belief that listening is passive. B. That fact that listening requires too much energy. C. The fact that it is much easier to listen than to talk. D. The belief that talking is more important than listening. 50. Which of the following is the best title of this passage? A. Learning to Listen B. Why We Fail to Listen C. Active and Passive Listening D. How Prejudice Affects Listening H. Read the following article about Edwin Hubble. Mark your answers for questions 51-55 on your answer sheet. (10 points) Just about everyone has heard of the Hubble Space Telescope. The space-based observatory is the technology behind many of today’s great discoveries in space. Started in 1977 and launched into orbit in 1990, it has aided in humans determining the expansion rate of the universe, as well as helping us make numerous other discoveries, both big and small. The man behind the name is Edwin Hubble. Born in 1886, Hubble was raised in Chicago, USA, and as a boy enjoyed books like Jules Verne’s 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, perhaps a prelude to his lifelong dedication to science and astronomy. After high school, Hubble obtained a scholarship to attend the University of Chicago, where he studied under future physics Nobel Prize winner Robert Millikan. By the time he left the University of Chicago he had gained degrees in Physics, Spanish and Literature, but he was not done with studying yet. To satisfy his father’s wish that he become a lawyer, Hubble then travelled to England to study at Oxford University, eventually earning a Bachelor’s degree in law. As if several degrees from famous universities weren’t enough, Hubble decided to go back to school at the University of Chicago after a brief period of teaching. This time, he chose a field that would later make him famous: astronomy. Shortly after obtaining his degree, he was invited to start working at the Mount Wilson Observatory. Unfortunately for him, World War I was underway, and he left to serve in France, where he rose to the rank of Major during the war. Once released from his duty in 1919, he went immediately to California, where he started working at the observatory. At the observatory, they were just finishing up the final touches on the Hooker telescope, which was the most powerful telescope in the world at the time. While there,
Hubble used the 100-inch telescope to prove that there were galaxies other than our own. Before this, there was only the Milky Way in our collective knowledge of space. Thanks to Hubble, for the first time, it was conclusively proven that space was far more vast than we’d ever imagined. In addition, Hubble created what is known as the Hubble sequence, a way of classifying different galaxies, which is still commonly used today. In 1929, with the help of his colleague Milton Humason, Hubble published a theory that the universe was expanding. It would later be known as Hubble’s Law. The pair had found redshifts in galaxies’ light emissions, which demonstrates galaxies are moving away from each other. Ultimately, the universe was getting bigger. Hubble’s numerous contributions to astronomy made him one of the most famous astronomers of all time. He earned several awards, including the Medal of Merit, Legion of Merit, Bruce Medal, Franklin Medal, and Gold Medal. Unfortunately, Hubble didn’t live to see the first man land on the moon. He died of a stroke on September 28, 1953 at just 63 years old. While he had a lot of accomplishments, what he really wanted was a Nobel Prize, but he was denied one as there was no category for astronomy. It wasn’t until after his death that the Nobel Prize Committee decided that astronomy should be counted as part of physics. However, someone who is dead cannot win a Nobel Prize, even if their work was more than worthy. Nevertheless, there can be no doubt that Hubble’s contribution to science and astronomy was, well, astronomical. 51. Which of the following is NOT true about the telescope discussed in paragraph one? A. It is the largest telescope in the world. B. It is named after a famous scientist. C. It took 13 years to build. D. It is located in space. 52. Which is the correct order of the following events in Hubble’s life? a. He received degrees in Spanish and Literature. b. He studied at Oxford University. c. He showed that the universe was expanding. d. He studied with future Nobel Prize winner Millikan. e. He proved that there were multiple galaxies. f. He began working at the Wilson observatory. A. b,a,e,c,d,f C. a,b,d,f,e,c A. Physics. B. Spanish. B. d,a,b,f,e,c D. d,a,b,f,c,e C. Law. D. Literature.
53. Which of the following subject did Hubble not study in America? 54. Why did Hubble not initially take the job at Mount Wilson Observatory? A. He wanted to study in England.
B. He was required to join the army. C. The observatory closed because of World War I. D. He felt his qualifications were not adequate. 55. As used in the final paragraph, the underlined word “astronomical” is closest in meaning to ______. A. futuristic B. well-respected C. space-like D. enormous
Section 3 Writing (40 points) ? Here is a true story about some teenage boys from a newspaper. Read the story.
BOYS SURVIVE 50 DAYS LOST AT SEA
It’s an amazing story and it’s true! Fifty days ago, three teenage boys suddenly disappeared from the island of Atafu in a small boat. Immediately, rescue boats went to look for them but sadly there was no sign of their boat. Eventually, a fishing boat in the middle of the Pacific Ocean safely pulled them from the sea. The boys were badly sunburned and dehydrated but doctors said they were in surprisingly good health. Now, they are back happily with their families.
? ? ?
What do you think happened to the boys? Write a story in 200-250 words for National Geographic. Write your story on the answer sheet.
Section 1 Use of English: 1-5: CABCD 6-10: ABACA 11-15: BDCAB
Section 2 Reading 16-20: BCDAB 26-30: AC,A,B,AB,D 41-45: DBCCB 51-55: ABCBD 21-25 DDDCB 31-35: DDAAB 36-40: C,AD,D,B,AB
Section 3 Writing 本次作文的评分主要采用的是整体评分法，主要从以下几个方面来判断： ? Content ? Accuracy (Range of the vocabulary & Sentence complexity) ? Organisation and cohesion ? Awareness of audience ? Creativity 注： (1) 书写不整洁、字迹潦草、涂改较多的文章酌情扣 1-3 分。 (2) 字数不够的，酌情扣分。
评卷要求： 1. 作文实行双评。第一阅卷人请把分数写到答卷背面左下方，第二阅卷人把分 数写在答卷正面右下方，并取两位阅卷人的平均值作为最后得分写在座位号 右边的空白处。若出现两位评卷员的分数相差 5 分或以上，第二阅卷人请将 该卷折角，统一由组长核定。 2．双评后组长核过的试卷，汇总进行电脑登分，并进行复核。