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江苏省新沂市第二中学高中英语必修五《Unit 3 Grammar and usage(2)》教案

主备人:何莉 课题 用案人: 授课时间:____________ 课型 总第 8 课时 New

Unit 3 Grammar and usage(2)

Enlarge students’ to learn something about V-ed form 教学 目标 Let them know the functions of V-ed form Let them know the functions of V-ed form


Enlarge students’ to learn something about V-ed form



Talking , Practicing 教 学 内 容
学生主 体 活动

个案调 整



过去分词的逻辑主语必须和句子的主语保持一致. The differences between verb-ed forms and the verb-ing forms: (1)作状语:分词的逻辑主语和句子的主语保持一致的情况下,如果分

词和句子的主语之间在逻辑上是被动关系,用过去分词,否则用现在 分词。分词短语也可以有自己的逻辑主语,这种结构称为独立主格结

构。分词作状语可以相当于一个状语从句。现在分词的被动式,习惯 上不作伴随状语。注意比较下面的句子: 1)Seen from the space, the earth looks blue.

= When it is seen from space, the earth looks blue. 2)Kept in refrigerator, these vegetables will remain fresh. = If they are kept in refrigerator, these vegetables will remain fresh. 3)Walking in the street, I came across an old friend. = When I was walking in the street, I came across an old friend. After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home, being


exhausted. (误) After his journey from abroad, Richard Jones returned home, exhausted.(正) Her grandfather being ill, she had to stay at home looking after him (2) 作表语:一般来说,表示心理状态的动词 如 excite, interest 等都是及物动词,汉语意 思不是“激动”,“高兴”,而是“使激动”、 “使高兴”,因而现在分词应该是“令人激动的”、 “令人高兴的”,过去分词则是“感到激动的”和 “感到高兴的”。所以,凡表示“令人……的” 都是-ing 形式,凡是表示“感到……”都用 -ed 形式。换句话说,-ed 形式常和人有关, -ing 形式常和物有关。look, expression 等词 作主语时常用-ed 形式作表语,但有时要看具 体情况。请在下面的几组句中体会他们的区别。 e.g.: The news was very exciting. I was excited at it. The book is interesting. He is interested in it. The question is puzzling. His look is puzzled His expression was frightening. I was frightened. 注意: Delighting 令人高兴的 Pleasing 令人愉快的 disappointing encouraging 令人失望的 令人鼓舞的 satisfying 令人满意的 encouraged 感到鼓舞的

Delighted disappointed 感到高兴的 感到失望的

Pleased 感到愉快的 Surprising 令人惊异的 boring

satisfied 感到满意的 worrying 令人担心的 surprised tiring 令人疲倦的 worried

令人厌烦的 Tired 感到疲倦

感到惊异的 bored 感到厌烦的


(3) 作定语:过去分词做定语与其修饰词之间是动宾关系或过去分词表 示的动作已完成; 现在分词作定语表示动作正在发生, 与修饰词是主谓 关系。 ? The picture hanging on the wall is painted by my nephew. ? The building being built is a hospital. ? The flowers smelling sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. ? Linda worked for the Minnesota Manufacturing and Mining Company, known as 3M. ? The key to solving the problem is to meet the demand made by the customers. ? Prices of daily goods bought through a computer can be lower than store prices. 注意: ? I am interested in the interesting book ? He was excited at the exciting news ? The parents were disappointed about their ? disappointing son. ? Mr. Smith, tired of the boring speech, started to read a novel. (4)作补语:跟分词作宾补的动词有: catch, have get, keep, hear, find,feel, leave, make, want, start, notice, observe, watch, set 等。

在复合宾语中,用现在分词作宾补,说明宾语是动作的发出者,形成逻 辑上的主谓关系;用过去分词作宾补, 表示宾语是动作的承受者,构成逻辑上的动宾关系。 ? There was so much noise that the speaker couldn’t make himself
? ? heard. When he awoke, he found himself being looked after by an old woman. Laws that punish parents for their little children’s actions against the laws get parents worried.

NOTE: 非谓语动词使用条件: 一个句子当中,已经存在一个主句(谓语动词), 又没有连词的情况下, 还有别的动词出现时。 并非分词的逻辑主语都要和句子的主语一致。此时的分词短语又可称 为垂悬状语。有些动词不定式也可以这样运用。常见的这种情况有: e.g.: Strictly speaking, smoking is not allowed here. Judging from what he said, he is a southerner. Taken as a whole, there is nothing important in his speech. To tell you the truth, I don’t like English teacher. To speak frankly, I don’t agree with you about the case. 动词-ed 的逻辑主语 句子成分 逻辑主语 表语 句子的主语 定语 所修饰的词 状语 句子的主语 宾补 句子的宾语



1.“Things _________ never come again!” I couldn’t help talking to myself. (2007 湖南) A. lost B. losing C. to lose D. have lost 2. The flowers his friend gave him will die unless ________ every day. (2007 四川) A. watered B. watering C. water D. to water 3. John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work , he gladly accepted it. (2007 安徽) A. finished B. finishing C. having finished D. was finished 4. He is very popular among his students as he always tries to make them ______ in his lectures. (2007 江苏) A. interested B. interesting C. interest D. to interest 5. Please remain _______ until the plane has come to a complete stop. (2007 山东) A. to seal B. to be seated C. seating D. seated 6. The research is so designed that once _____ nothing can be done to change it. (02 全国) A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun 8. ______ in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. (05 湖南卷) A. Dressed B. To dress C. Dressing D. Having dressed 9._____ time, he’ll make a fist-class tennis player. (03 北京) A. Having given B. To give C. Giving D. Given



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