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英语短文改错习题精选及答案


英语短文改错习题精选及答案
1 Many years ago a poor man grew an orange tree. On the tree there were many fine oranges. Some day he found one of them was so big as a football . He took it for the king

. The king was so happy that he gave the poor man lots money. When a rich man heard of it , he said for himself ,“I’ll take my gold cup to the king and he will give me much money . Next day the king received from the cup . The king was very fond of the cup and he told the rich man,“I have an orange . It beautiful than the cup, so I have decided to give it to you as the reward instead money. 2 One day a doctor was starting his morning works. Suddenly a man ran his room. His face was red and he could only say“Quick! Quick!”The doctor thought he can be very ill. His assistant helped to get the poor man sit in a chair. The doctor gave the man some medicine to make him to sleep. Then he looked into the man's mouth and pulled out all the bad tooths. As soon as the man woke up, he said“Quick, doctor, Quick,”with a low voice. “It's all over now,”the doctor told him.“You don't understand,” said the man.“I came to tell you your house is on the fire.” 1. _______ 2. _______ 3. _______ 4. _______ 5. _______ 6. _______ 7. _______ 8. _______ 9. _______ 10. _______

1. _______ 2. _______ 3. _______ 4. _______ 5. _______ 6. _______ 7. _______ 8. _______ 9. _______ 10. _______

3 Every morning John goes to work by trains. He always 1. _________ buys a newspaper , it helps to make the time pass more quickly . 2. _________ One Thursday morning, he turned on the sports 3. _________ page . He wanted to see the report about an important 4. _________ football match the night before . The report was such 5. _________ interesting that he forgot to get off at his station . He didn’t know it when he saw the sea. He got off 6. _________ at the next station , and had to wait long time for a 7. _________ train to go back . Of course, he arrived very late 8. _________ at the office . His boss were very angry when Tom told him 9. _________ why he was late . “Work is very more important than football ! ” 10. _________ 4 Dear Ralph, I’m a senior student. I have be in love with a boy 1.———— for three years.But he is a shy boy, so I wrote him a letter firstly 2. ———— to express my feeling. And he wrote back. In his letter 3.————
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he said, “We are students. Our task is study. Let us wait 4. ———— to see until we have any chance after graduation.” So 5. ———— after graduation I telephoned to him, asking him about 6.———— go out . But he said he didn’t want to. He just 7. ———— wanted to sleep and watched TV. 8. ———— What do you think I should do? Do you think 9. ———— I should continue to love him and give up? 10.———— 5 Nowadays,almost every family has TV set,and almost 1_______. everyone likes watching TV.TV has become part of our lives 2___________________. TV has many advantages,for example,it informs us the 3___________________. latest news which is happening in the world;it can open our 4___________________. eyes,enlarge our knowledge and also help us to see more 5___________________. about the world.But,it also has some disadvantages.People 6___________________. waste too much time in watching TV and his normal life 7___________________. and work are affected.To the children who they spend too 8___________________. much time in watching TV,it can do harmful to their sight 9___________________. and healthy.So we should control the time of watching TV. 10___________________. 6 Dear Tom, I am very sorry to have learned that your parents killed in 1___________________. the September 11th Incident.In this attack the World 2___________________. Trade Center,that was one of the tallest buildings 3___________________. in the world,was completely destroyed and thousand of 4___________________. people lost their lives.I'm very angry with the terrorist 5___________________. activities.We against all forms of terrorist activities 6___________________. and supported the war against the terrorism.7_______. Don't be too sad.Don't lose your heart.After all,the majority 8___________________. of the people in the world love peace.I wish you can recover 9___________________. from the sad as soon as possible.Do take care of yourself. 10___________________. Best wishes. 7 Li Ming,who has been working as postman for 1___________________. two years,always wears a suit of green uniforms. 2___________________. He worked with care as well as with effort.He 3___________________. serves for the people heart and soul.Every day he 4___________________. gets up early to deliver newspapers or magazines. 5___________________. He is so careful and he has never been wrong. 6___________________. One day he had to send a dead letter and it happened 7___________________. to be raining hardly outside.But he set out immediately. 8___________________. He had asked nearly everybody in the district after 9___________________.
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he managed to hand letter to the right person. 10_______________ 8 On Saturday,July 22nd,there will have a few visits to 1___________________. different places.Everybody is welcomed.All the visitors 2___________________. will be divided into four groups,Each groups of visitors 3___________________. can visit one of the place such as a factory,a farm,a 4___________________. school or hospital,Please sign your name at the Service 5___________________. desk by 9:00 pm and say which place you wish to visit it. 6___________________. We'll set out after the breakfast at eight in the morning 7___________________. and came back in the afternoon.We'll have lunch at the 8___________________. place of visit.We hope you a pleasant journey. 9___________________. Do tell me your choice by 9:00.That's all,thank you. 10_________________ 9 It is on Sunday today.Early in the morning my 1___________________. classmate and I went to Xi Shan by bus to plant 2___________________. trees.As soon as we got there,we began work. 3___________________. Some were digging,some planted,and there were 4___________________. still some watering.Both of us were trying hard to 5___________________. plant as much as we could.All of us were afraid of 6___________________. falling behind.After work,we were wet all over.Looking 7___________________. at lines of young trees,we forgot our tiredness.We 8___________________. came back at 12.we all think it is necessary of us to take 9___________________. part in this kind of physically labor. 10___________________. 10 Dear editor, My name is Xiao Hai,boy student in senior Three. I don't think it is necessary to write the “S” in a capital letter what do you think, Editor? 1___________________. Recently I've read in Shanghai Students' Post that 2___________________. you need some students reporters.I am anxious to 3___________________. be one of them.I very like English.I have been 4___________________. learned it since eight years ago.Now I can talk 5___________________. with foreigners with English.I can read China Daily. 6___________________. I took the first place in writing an English composition 7___________________. contest.Besides,I do well in a computer competition. 8___________________. Would you be so kind as to receive me? 9___________________. I am looking forward to hear from you soon. 10___________________. 11 A group of cows refused to across yellow lines which 1___________________. had painted on a road near their farm in Somerset.The 2___________________. markings were painted as a traffic calming measure,but 3___________________.
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experts think the cows may believe in it is a cattle grid (格子). 4___________________. Farmer Gordan Brinson said he was surprised on the reaction 5___________________. the animals has to the lines.“We were bringing them in for 6___________________. the winter,but had to get them over the yellow lines lots 7___________________. of yellow stripes across the road.When the cattle came the 8___________________. lines,they stopped and would not go.The cattle was not the 9___________________. only animals unused to the new lines.The horses had troubles 10___________________. going over it as well they tried to jump the lines.”

12 Dear Tom, How time flies!It's two weeks after the beginning 1_________ of our summer holiday.How are you going along recently? 2___________________. I've been staying with my uncle.I found interesting 3_________ to live here.However,I feel a bit alone,because I have 4___________________. no friends to play but my five year old cousin.My 5___________________. uncle permitted me to invite you to here.Therefore, 6_________. I send the email to you and hope you to come here. 7__________. Please write to me as quickly as you make up your 8__________. mind.Take Bus No.225 from Xiamen Road and it 9__________. will spend you an hour to get to the bus stop.I'll meet 10___________________. you there. Yours truly, Li Ming 13 I live in the country and my father was a farmer. 1. __________ He is now forty-five year old. Because of years of 2. __________ hard work, he looks old than his age. When I was 3. __________ young, he is used to tell me the importance of study. 4. __________ Father knows little about English and other subjects, 5. __________ but he usually gives me some good advices on how 6. __________ to learn my lessons good. He is not only kind to me 7. __________ but also very strict in me. With his help, I’ve made 8. __________ great progress. I’ll never to forget what he taught 9. __________ me. I think my father is best father in the world. 10. _________ 14 Thank you for your offer invite me to the free 1. __________ summer English course in your school. As for my 2. __________ choice of the two courses, I’d prefer the five-weeks 3. __________ course for 50 hours. This would allows me more 4. __________ time to see your beautiful country while learned 5. __________ language. I’d like to do some traveling and make 6. __________
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a few new friends. In all the subjects I’m learning 7. __________ at school, I like English best. I hope me to take this 8. __________ chance to improve my spoken English level as much 9. __________ as possibly. I believe I will have a wonderful time 10. _________ in England this summer. 15 Mr. Huang is sixty years old. He has retired. He taught our 1 Chemistry when we were in Senior Grade One. He was old,and 2 he taught very well. He tried his best to make his classes live. Mr. 3 Huang usually made good preparations for lessons and was 4 strict in us too. Each time we made mistakes in our homework, 5 he would ask us correct them. At one time,I was rather poor in 6 chemistry. Mr. Huang often helps me with my study very 7 patiently. With his help,I made a great progress and caught 8 us with the class. He wasn't always very kind to every student. As 9 an experiencing teacher,he was respected and loved by all the students. 10

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短文改错答案 1 1. √ 2. Some → one 6. for→to 7. Next→The next 10. instead→instead of 2 1.works→work 6.去掉 to 掉 on 后面的 the

3. so→as 8.from

4. for→to 5. lots→lots of 9. beautiful→more beautiful

2.ran 后加 into 7.tooths→teeth

3.can→must 8.with→in

4.在 sit 前加 to 9.去掉 all

5.√ 10.去

3 1. trains →train 2. it→which 3. on→to 4. see→read 5. such→so 6. when→until 7. long 前加 a 8. √ 9. were→was 10. very→much 4 1. been 2. first 3. feelings 7. going 8. watch 9. √ 10. or

4. to 5. if / whether 6. to

5 1. TV 前面加 a。TV set 是可数名词的单数形式,TV 前面要用不定冠词。 2. lives 改为 life。life 作“生活”解,为不可数名词。 3. us 后面加 of。inform sb.of sth. 为一固定搭配,意为“通知/告知某人某事” 。 4. which 改为 that 。因为定语从句先行词被最高级修饰。 5. 正确。 6. But 改为 However 。此处要求用副词,而 But 为连词。 7. His 改为 their 。因为指代前面的 people。 8. 去掉 they 。定语从句已有主语 who 。 9. harmful 改为 harm 。或 do 改为〖HT5〗be。do 后面要用名词。 10. healthy 改为 health 。此处要用名词。 6 1.killed 前加 were 。这句要用被动语态。 2.正确。 3. that 改为 which 。这是一非限定性定语从句。 4. thousand 改为 thousands 。这里不是一个确切数字,而是一个概数。 5. with 改为 at 或 about 。 “对某事生气”应用 at 介词或 about。 6. against 前加 are 。此句缺少谓语动词。 7. supported 改为 support 。短文的基本时态为一般现在时。 8. your 去掉。 lose hear 是一个固定搭配,意思是“失去信心” 。 9. wish 改为 hope。 wish 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。在这里用虚拟语气是不适当的。 10. sad 改为 sadness ,此处要求用名词形式。

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7 1.在 postman 前加 a。postman 是可数名词的单数形式,需要在前面加不定冠词。 2. uniforms 改为 uniform。uniform “制服”之意。此处不能用复数。 3. worked 改为 works 。短文的基本时态是一般现在时。 4. 去掉 for。serve 为及物动词。 5. or 改为 and 。这里不是选择关系。 6. and 改为 that 。后面是一个结果状语从句。 7.正确。 8. hardly 改为 hard。hardly 是“几乎不”的意思,意义矛盾。 9. after 改为 before 。 10.在 letter 前加 the。 8 1.have 改为 be。 这是 there be 句型的将来时态形式。 2. welcomed 改为 welcome。welcome 本身为形容词。 3. groups 改为 group。each 后面应用单数。 4. place 改为 places 5. hospital 前加 a 。根据连词 or 的对称性及文意, hospital 前缺少不定冠词。 6.去掉 it。which place 已作 visit 的宾语, it 属多余。 7.去掉第一个 the 。一日三餐前面不得加冠词。 8. came 改为 come 。本文的时态背景应为一般将来时,不能用过去时。 9. hope 改为 wish 。表示祝愿应用 wish 。 10.正确。 9 1. 去掉 on 2. classmate 改为复数 classmates 。从下文的 some,still some 看,有一群学生。 3. work 之前加 to。begin to do sth. 的用法。 4. planted 改为 planting 。与上文的 digging 并列,省略了 were。 5. Both 改为 All。both 用于二者的情况,现在是一群学生,应用 all。 6. much 改为 many。 其后省去了 trees。 7. 正确。 8. lines 之前加 the 。特指种下的那一行行树。 9. of 改为 for。 10. physically 改为 physical 。要用形容词作定语修饰名词。 10 1. boy 前加 a。 2.正确。注意 in Shanghai Students' Post 不是动词 read 的宾语,故不能去掉 in 。其宾语是 that 引起的名词性从句。 3. students 改为 student 。除 woman,man 修饰复数名词时用复数外,其它名词作定语时 均用单数。 4.去掉 very 。中国人常说“很喜欢??” ,英语中则该说“ like...very much” 。very much 通常不放在 like 之前,故不要在 very 之后加 much 。
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5. learned 改为 learning。have been doing, 主动的现在完成进行时。 6.第二个 with 改为 in 。用某一语言介词用 in 。 7.去掉 writing 。不是“在写作文中” ,而是“在作文竞赛中” 。 8. do 改为 did 。电脑竞赛显然是以前的事。 9. receive 改为 accept 。不是“收到我” ,而是“接受我” 。 10. hear 改为 hearing 。其前的 to 为介词,故用动名词。 11 1. across 改为 cross。across 是介词,此处要求用动词。 2. had 后加 been。 此句要用被动语态。 3.正确。 4.去掉 in 。 5. on 改为 at。be surprised at 表示“对??感到吃惊” 。 6. has 改为 had 。此句应用一般过去时态。 7. but 改为 and 。句子没有转折意味。 8. came 后加 to 。 9. was 改为 were。cattle 是复数意义名词。 10. troubles 改为 trouble。trouble 为不可数名词。

12 1.after 改为 since 。表示“自从(过去某时到现在)” ,要用 since。 2.going 改为 getting get along 表示“生活、过活” 。 3. found 后面加 it 。该处要用一个形式宾语 it 代替句子的真正宾语 to live here 。 4. alone 改为 lonely。alone 表示“单身一人” ,是一种客观状态;而 lonely 表示“寂寞的、 凄凉的” ,是一种内心情感。 5. play 后加 with 。应该说 play with sb., 不说 play sb .。故必须加上 with 。 6.去掉 here 前面的 to 。 7. hope 改为 ask。hope 不能用不定式作宾补。 8. quickly 改为 soon。quickly 表示动作快, soon 表示时间快,不可混用。 9.正确。 10. spend 改为 take 。用 it 作形式宾语时,用 take 。 13 【答案解析】 1.was 改为 is。根据上下文的时态可知。 2. 第一个 year 改为 years。因它受 forty-five 的修饰。 3. old 改为 older。因其后有表示比较的 than。 4. 去掉 is。比较:used to=过去经常,be used to=习惯于。 5. 此行无错。 6. advices 改为 advice。advice 为不可数名词。 7. good 改为 well。修饰动词要用副词,不用形容词。
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8. in 改为 with。be strict in 后接某事,be strict with 后接某人。 9. 去掉 to。因助动词 will 后要接动词原形,不能接不定式。 10. best 前加 the。形容词最高级前通常要加定冠词。 14 【答案解析】 1. 把 invite 改为 inviting。现在分词作定语修饰 offer。 2. 此行正确。 3. 把 five-weeks 改为 five-week。 “数词+连字符号+名词”作定语,其中的名词要用单数。 4. 把 allows 改为 allow。在助动词 will, would 及情态动词 can, may, must 等后面,永 远要用动词原形。 5. 把 learned 改为 learning。while learning=while I’m learning。 6. 在 language 前加 the。特指英语这种语言。 7. 把 In 改为 Of。subjects“科目” ,English 是其中一个“科目” ,表示最高级的比较范围, 若是整体与个别的关系,就用 of。指时间、地点范围,才用 in。 8. 去掉 me。 主语希望自己做某事, 直接用 hope to do sth, 事实上, 也不能用 hope sb to do sth 这一句型。 9. 去掉 level。这是中文式英语。improve=make?better。 10. 把 possibly 改为 possible。as?as possible(尽??)是习语。 15 1. our→us 2. and→but 3. live→lively 间加入 to 7. helps→helped 8. 去掉 a

4. 正确 5. 第一个 in→with 6. ask 和 us 中 9. wasn't→was10. experiencing→experienced

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