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湖北省2013届高考英语一轮复习基础知识课件 Unit5 Meeting your ancestors 新人教版选修8

2013届湖北高考英语一轮复习基础知识课件:Unit5 Meeting your ancestors(新人教版选修8)

佳 作 诵 读
晨 读 必 背·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 写 作 提 升 ·············· ·············


年,现已回国。 你想联系你的美国老师Mr. Smith,但没有其联系方式。请根据


2.询问Mr. Smith的近况并索要其联系方式;

注意: 1.词数120-150; 2.可适当增加细节。 ___________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ __________________________________________________

【经典范文】 Dear Tom, I have returned to my motherland. Thanks to your help, I lived a happy life and made great progress in my English study in your country for half a year. It's well known that China is a country with a long history. With the Spring Festival drawing near, people will hold all varieties of activities. Welcome to come here to experience our Chinese traditional culture.

In addition, it has been a long time since I saw Mr. Smith and I miss him a lot. I wonder if he has a good time. Can you do me the favour to let me get in touch with him? Please give my best wishes to him. Thank you very much in advance. Yours truly, Li Hua

考 点 锁 定
明 确 目 标·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 基 础 自 清 ·············· ·············

Ⅰ.重点词汇 1.________n.可能的选择adj.供选择的;其他的 2.________vt.& vi.打断??讲话→_____n.打断;打岔 3.________adj.有观察力的;敏锐的;严重的;深刻的



7.________vt.删;删除 8.________n.学院;学会;学术团体;院校 9.________vi.& vt.鼓掌欢迎;赞赏→________n.掌声 10.________vi.& vt.加速;促进



答案 1 . alternative 4.assume ; assumption 8 . academy 2.interrupt ; interruption 5.significance 6.somehow 10.accelerate 3.acute 7.delete 11.arrest

9.applaud ; applause

12 . starvation ; starve

13.accuracy ; accurate

14.messy ;

Ⅱ.短语回顾 1.regardless________不管;不顾 2.________most最多→at________至少 3.cut________切碎 fed up________受够了;饱受;厌烦
5.look________向前看;为将来打算 skilful________在??方面熟练、有技巧
7.________back to追溯到??→date________追溯到??

答案 1.of from;least 3.up 4.with 5.ahead;

Ⅲ.句式填空 1.It was/is...that/who强调句式 You must be aware that________(就是在这儿)we found evidence of some of the earliest people who lived in this part of

the world.
2.if only...意为“要是??就好了”,句中要用虚拟语气 ________(要是)it could be just like last year!

3....had done...when when引导时间状语从句,表“这时”。 She________( 就 要 到 达 )her destination________( 这 时 )a delicious smell arrested her progress and she stopped.

4.only to do...不定式短语在句中作结果状语,强调意想
不到的结果 Abruptly she sat down , ________( 结 果 被 抱 起 )by her laughing, shouting sister, Luna.

答案's here that 4.only to be scooped up 2.If only 3.had almost reached; when

高 频 考 点
热 点 梳 理·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 分 层 突 破 ·············· ·············

考点单词 1.alternative n.可能的选择;选择对象 adj.供选择的;其 他的 Can you think of the alternatives we would use today? 你能想出一些我们今天使用的选择对象吗? have no alternative 别无选择 There's no alternative??别无选择

【易混辨析】 alternative/choice/selection alternative 强调在只有两种可能性或行为方式之间所做的选 择。 choice 泛指从一组人或物中进行的自由选择,指选择、挑选、 抉择。 selection 含有从可供选择的许多不同的人或物中选拔、精选。

There was no alternative but to close the road until February.

The store offers a wide choice of fruits and vegetables.

Parents should be careful in their selection of the movies

their young children see.


The manager said that they had an______plan

if the plan they had submitted was not accepted.



[ 解 析 ]alternative 可 选 择 的 。 appropriate 合 适 的 ;
approximate 大约;anxious 焦虑的。 [答案]B

2.interrupt vt.打断??讲话;打岔;暂时中断或中止 She's studying for an exam tomorrow, so you'd better not interrupt her. 她在为明天的考试学习,所以最好不要打搅她。 The calm of the afternoon was interrupted by a loud noise. 那个下午的宁静被突然的巨大噪声打破了。 interrupt sb.打断某人(讲话、工作等) interrupt sth.中断/暂停某事 I'm sorry to interrupt you but...抱歉,打断一下??

即境活用2 phone.

Don't ________me while I am speaking on the



[解析]interrupt打断。disturb 扰乱;bother 烦扰;trouble
麻烦。 [答案]A

3.assume vt.假定;设想 I'm assuming everyone here has an email address. 我以为这里每个人都有电子邮箱地址。 I have always assumed her to be American. 我一直认为她是美国人。 assume that...假设?? assume sb. to be...认为某人是?? on the assumption that...在假定??的情况下 There is an assumption that...有人臆断??

【易错提示】 assuming that...引导条件状语从句。


From the appearance of their dead son, the

parents________that their son was abused in the Ring Network

A.announced B.doubted



[解析]assume认为,假定。doubt 怀疑;announce 宣布; declare 声明。 [答案]C

4.messy adj.凌乱的;脏的 Your illness makes a mess of my holiday plans. 你的这场病把我的假期计划打乱了。 He spent all day just messing about.


be in a mess杂乱无章 make a mess of把??搞得一塌糊涂 get sb. into a mess使某人陷入狼狈处境 mess around/about混日子;浪费时间

mess up搞乱;搞糟

即境活用4 the things.

What a ________room! You must put away



东西收起来。 [答案]A

5.arrest vt.逮捕;吸引n.逮捕;拘留 He was arrested for possession of illegal drugs. 他因私藏非法毒品而被捕。 The bright light arrested the baby's attention.

arrest sb. for因??逮捕某人

under arrest被捕;拘留
place sb. under arrest逮捕某人

arrest one's attention吸引某人的注意力

即境活用5 A.arrested

The robber was________by the police. B.rested D.announced


[解析]arrest逮捕。rest 休息;arrange 安排;announce 宣


6.preserve vt.保持;保存;保藏n.禁猎地 She managed to preserve her sense of humour despite everything. 她不管遇到什么都竭力保持幽默感。

The fishing in this stretch of the river is strictly preserved.

preserve one's eyesight保护视力 preserve the peace维护和平 preserve order维持秩序 preserve the lives of the passengers保护乘客生命


A society was set up to________the old

customs from dying out in this area.



察;deserve值得。 [答案]B

7.identify vt.确认;证明;鉴别出 Can you identify your umbrella among these umbrellas? 你能在这些伞中认出你的那一把吗? She identified the man as her attacker.

identify sb./sth. as sb./sth.确认(鉴别出)某人(某物)??

identify sth.with sth.认为某人或某物等同于

即境活用7 former student.

He was so far away that I________him as my



为;suggest建议。 [答案]A

8.significance n.意义;意思;重大意义;重要性 Few people realized the significance of the discovery. 很少有人意识到这一发现的重要性。 It is a matter of great significance.

be of great significance非常重要

significant adj.有意义的,意味深长的;重要的,重大的
significantly adv.有重大意义地;显著地;意味深长地


This new policy is of great________to the

education in poor rural areas.



[ 解 析 ]significance 意 义 , 符 合 句 意 。 accuracy 准 确 ;
satisfaction满意;direction方向,指导。 [答案]A

考点短语 1.regardless of 不管;不顾 We went to attend the meeting regardless of wind or rain. 我们不顾风雨去参加了那个会议。
【思维拓展】 as regards 关于;至于 with/in regard to 关于 regarding...关于 把??看做


(2012·沈阳二中月考)If he is determined to do

a good thing, Guo Mingyi, known for his generosity in assisting

poor people, will do so ________ what others say. spite of terms of consequence of

D.regardless of

[解析]regardless of不管。句意:以慷慨帮助穷人闻名的郭 名义,如果下决心做好事,就会做,不管别人说什么。 in spite of 尽管; in terms of 就……而言;in consequence of 由于。 [答案]D

2.cut up切碎;割碎;使伤心 His mother has to cut up all his food for him. 他母亲不得不为他将所有的食物切碎。 She still seems very cut up about it.


【思维拓展】 cut into pieces 切碎;剪碎 cut in 插嘴 cut across 抄近路穿过;横越 cut down 砍倒;缩减 half/two/into halves 将??切成两半 cut off 切断;割掉;截断(退路等) cut out 切去;剪去;删去;略去 cut through 刺穿 cut up 切碎;割碎


Owing to the heavy storm,the water and

electricity supply were________.

A.cut out
C.cut up

B.cut off
D.cut through

[ 解 析 ]cut off 切 断 。 cut out 切 去 ; cut up 切 碎 ; cut
through 剪掉。 [答案]B fed up with受够了;吃得过饱;厌烦 Well, I'm fed up with all the attention and... 我很厌烦有这么多人在关注我,而且?? I am fed up with the lecture.



feed on=live on(牛、马等)吃东西;以??为食


I'm really________this weather—why can't it

be sunny for a change?

A.fed up to
C.fed to

B.fed on
D.fed up with

[解析]be fed up with厌烦。

4.look ahead向前看;为将来打算 If only she had looked ahead and planned better! 她要是早有预见,计划得更好些就好了!

【思维拓展】 look up仰视;查阅 look up to sb.尊敬某人 look into...调查

look over浏览
look through翻阅;查找;看穿

look forward to盼望;期待
look down upon瞧不起

look out当心;小心 look back on回顾 look on/upon...as把??看作

即境活用12 attitude to life.

You should________and keep up a positive

A.look ahead
C.look back

B.look up
D.look out

[解析]look ahead为将来打算。look up 查找,抬头看;
look back 回顾;look out 当心。 [答案]A back to追溯到??;远在??年代 Collecting “exotic” plants, as they are called, dates back to the earliest times. 收集所谓的外国植物要追溯到很久以前。

This church dates back to 1173.

【思维拓展】 date from 追溯到;起始于 in date 未过时的 out of date 过时

up to date 时新的 set/fix a date 确定日期

to date 到目前为止;迄今


This bridge________Zhou Dynasty. B.comes back to D.looks up to

A.dates back to C.looks forward to [解析]date back to追溯到。

[答案]A sb. around领某人到处转转 Please show the lady out of the building. 请把这位太太送出去。 Our trained guides will show you around the museum.


show...in带或领某人进来 show...out带或领某人出去 show sb. around领某人参观某地 show off炫耀

show up出现;来到某处;揭露;显得好看
be on show在展出

即 境 活 用 14 expected.

Tom didn't________at the party as we out around up off

[ 解 析]show up出 现 , 符 合 句意 。 show out送 出 ;show
around带领某人参观;show off炫耀。 [答案]B

重点句型 1.If only it could be just like last year! 要是能像去年那样就好了! 句中 if only...后接句子,是一种特殊句型,表示“要是??多 好啊”,其后的句子中使用虚拟语气。与现在事实相反时,动词 用一般过去时;与过去事实相反时,动词用过去完成时;与将来 事实相反用“should/would/could/might+动词原形。”

If only I had more time to think about this suggestion. 我要是有更多的时间去考虑这个建议就好了。 If only I had followed the doctor's advice! 要是我听从了医生的建议该多好啊!

If only we could have the opportunity to work in Tibet next


【易错提示】 only if...引导条件状语从句, 表示“唯有??; 只有在??时, 才??”,位于句首时,主句用倒装语序。 Only if you work hard can you achieve your life goal. 你只有努力工作,才能实现自己的人生目标。 I will allow you to use my car only if you have your own driving licence. 只有你自己拥有驾驶证,我才能让你用我的车。

即境活用15 Yang Liwei?

—Did you meet with the famous space hero

—________I had come here earlier.
A.If only B.If not

C.But for

D.For fear

[解析]if only要是……就好了。


2.Abruptly she sat down, only to be scooped up by her laughing, shouting sister, Luna. 突然间她坐了下来,但又被她那又笑又叫的妹妹卢娜一把搂 了过来。 句中 only to do sth...作结果状语, 往往含有一种出乎意料的意 味,常译为“不料;反而;结果却”。

I tore the box, only to discover that some of the parts were missing.

The police hurried to the spot, only to find that the

damaged car had been taken away.

【易错提示】 only too 用来修饰形容词、副词,表示“太,非常”。 The company is only too aware of the risks involved. 公司太注意与此相关的种种风险了。 I'd be only too happy to show you around the offices. 我非常乐意领你去各个办公室转转。


The little boy tried his best to amuse his

mother, only________that he was annoying.

A.told be told

B.telling tell

[解析]only to be told结果被告知,表示意外结果。

课 堂 双 基
紧 扣 考 点·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 跟 踪 训 练 ·············· ·············

Ⅰ.词义辨析 1.As there is less and less coal and oil, scientists are exploring new ways of making use of ________ energy, such as sunlight, wind and water for power and fuel.



[解析]alternative 可选择的。primary 最初的;instant 立 即的;unique 独特的。 [答案]B

2.It is generally ________ that stress is caused by too much work.



[解析]assume 假设。interrupt 打断;accelerate 加速;
preserve 保护。 [答案]A

3.He will be put into prison if there is ________ evidence to prove his guilt.



[解析]ample 充足的。brilliant 辉煌的;horrible 可怕的;
effective 有效的。 [答案]D

4.It was only later that we realized the true ________ of his remark.



[解析]significance 意义。analysis 分析;category 范畴;
relief 欣慰。 [答案]C

5.He could have finished it on schedule, but ________ he fell behind.



[ 解 析 ]somehow 不 知 怎 么 地 。 anyway 无 论 如 何 ;
somewhat 有点;anyhow 无论如何。 [答案]B

6 . We must seize this opportunity and take proper measures to ________ the growth of our economy.



[解析]accelerate 加速。applaud 喝彩;overlook 忽视;
accumulate 积累。 [答案]A

7.(2012·湖北八校联考一)The pioneers who settled in the

west in the 1860s had to handle ________ living condition, and
severe weather. A.primitive C.unique B.sensitive D.fundamental

[解析]primitive 原始的,简陋的。句意:在十九世纪六十 年代定居在西部的先锋们不得不处理简陋的生活条件和严峻的 天气。 sensitive 敏感的; unique 独特的; fundamental 基本的。


8 . Someone who is suffering from sunstroke feels ________ and has a high temperature.



[解析]dizzy 晕眩的。specific 具体的;ample 充分的;
valid 有效的。 [答案]C

9.He had a headache and went to the chemist's to get something for his pain________.



[解析]relief 减轻。affection 喜爱;outcome 结果;exit 出
口。 [答案]B

10.Many parents opposed the ________ of the classes into different sets.



[解析]division 分,划分。accuracy 准确性;mess 杂乱;
patent 专利。 [答案]A

Ⅱ.短语填空 cut up; keep out; as well; lie in wait for; regardless of; look

ahead; think of; show sb. around; in spite of; pull out
1.Kelly loved her husband ________ the fact that he

drank too much.
2.________,we must expect some changes to be made in our system of government. 3.If you come to London for a visit, I will________. 4.She frequently ________ Sophie,the child she lost during the war.

5.The project became so expensive that we had to______. 6.The club welcomes all new members ______ age and sex.

7.She ________ the meat on her plate.
8.The robbers were ______ me as I came out of the bank.

9.We're going to the cinema tonight,why don't you come
along________? 10.The notice hanging on the front wall is meant to ________the unwanted visitors, especially at working hours.

答案 1 . in spite of 4.thinks of waiting for 5.pull out well 2.Looking ahead 6.regardless of 10.keep out you around 7.cut up 8.lying in

Ⅲ.单词拼写 1.________(假定)that the news report is true, what should we do next? 2.A reward has been offered for information that leads to

the________(逮捕) of the murderer.
3 . If you don't like the company lunch, you have the________(选择) of bringing your own. 4.Sorry to________(打断) you, but I need to ask you some questions.

5.References to places of battle were________(删除) from soldier's letters during the war.

6.Sunshine, fresh air and lots of rest often________(加速)
a person's recovery from sickness.

7.After another glass of whisky, Mr White began to feel a
little________(晕眩的). 8 . The audience warmly________( 鼓 掌 欢 迎 )when the performance came to an end.

9.He could have arrived on time, but________(不知怎么 地)he was late.

10.The old lady still has very________(敏锐的) hearing,
though she is eighty years old.

1 . Assuming 5.deleted 10.acute 6.accelerate 2.arrest 7.dizzy 3.alternative 8.applauded 4.interrupt 9.somehow


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