上。总分为 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
2016 年 5 月
第一卷（选择题 共 85 分）
/>第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 20 分) 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案转涂到答题纸上。 第一节 (共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后, 你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Why will the man go to Beijing? A. To relax himself. A. Manager and secretary. 3. What do we know about the man? A. He slept well on the plane. 4. When will the trousers be ready? A. Thursday morning. A. Four minutes. B. Thursday afternoon. C. Friday afternoon. B. Six minutes. C. Ten minutes. 5. How long will the man have to wait for the next bus? 第二节 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各 个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后, 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两 遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. Why is the man talking to the woman? A. Because he wants to buy a house. B. Because he wants to get a job. C. Because he wants to rent a flat. 7. How much will the man pay for the bigger flat each year? A. 3,000 dollars. B. 2,500 dollars. 高三英语 第 1 页（共 21 页） C. 2,400 dollars. B. He had a long trip. C. He had a meeting. B. To visit some friends. C. To attend meetings. B. Guest and host. C. Shop assistant and customer. 2. What’s the relationship between the two speakers?
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Where does this conversation take place? A. On the playground. 9. What is the woman probably doing? A. Watching a basketball game. A. Play a basketball game. 11. Where does the man want to go? A. To a concert. B. To a lecture. C. To a movie. 12. What is the problem with taking Bus No. 3? A. The bus doesn’t go directly to the library. B. The bus goes slowly to the library. C. The bus will not come at once. 13. What does the man finally decide to do? A. Walk. 14. Where is the man going to travel? A. New York. A. $1,076. A. Flight 737 and Flight 215. B. Flight 737 and Flight 538. C. Flight 215 and Flight 538. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What do we know about the U.S. according to the 2016 survey? A. It is not one of the happiest countries in the world. B. It experienced a decline in happiness only from 2005 to 2007. C. It is not included in the top 10 happiest countries. 18. Which country has the largest decline in happiness? A. Greece. A. Quality education. B. Burundi. B. Wealth. C. Japan. C. Good health. 19. Which of the following is the least important factor driving happiness? 20. What does this passage mainly talk about? A. Americans are less happy than before. B. Denmark is the happiest country. C. Rich countries are happier than poor countries. 高三英语 第 2 页（共 21 页） B. California. B. $ 2,152. C. Neither. C. $ 538. 15. How much will the two men probably pay for the tickets altogether? 16. Which flights is the man going to take for his round trip? B. Wait for the bus. C. Think of another plan. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 B. Studying. C. Taking an exam. 10. What will the man do this Saturday? B. Have a cup of coffee. C. Take an exam. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 B. Over the phone. C. In the classroom.
第二部分: 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节：单项选择 (共 15 小题；每小题 1 分, 满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在 答题纸上将该项涂黑。 21. In public places, improved child-care facilities will benefit ________ genders, not just women. A. both to gain ________. A. ambition A. as to B. preference B. next to C. admission C. owing to D. competence D. according to 23. The manager has not made up his mind yet ________ who will be in charge of the project. 24. —What do you think of his newly-published book? —It’s the best one he ________, but that’s not saying much. A. wrote hurt by its flames. A. releasing B. recovering C. refreshing D. recycling 26. We must be in a place of peace and faith, so internal conflict and disbelief do not hold back ________ it is possible for us to achieve. A. how B. what C. why D. where 27. A recent research shows smoking and drinking ________ with your body’s ability to process oxygen, thus greatly affecting your health. A. identify B. correspond C. combine D. interfere 28. We should protect our environment from being polluted ________ our next generation will enjoy a blue sky and live a healthy life. A. as if B. so that C. even if D. in case 29. AlphaGo’s beating Go grandmaster Lee Sedol 4-1 has ________ an international debate about whether robots will completely take the place of humans. A. give off B. work out C. set off D. put out 30. In September of 2016, the G20 summit will be held in Hangzhou, ________ theme is to stress innovation, reform and development. A. where A. impressing B. which B. to impress C. when C. being impressed D. whose D. impressed 31. I remember when I was a child ________ with how many toys my cousin had. 高三英语 第 3 页（共 21 页） B. is writing C. has written D. will write 25. In time of anger, do yourself a favor by ________ it in a quiet place so that you won’t be B. all C. either D. other 22. Competition for entry to these programs is keen, and applicants need above-average grades
32. —How can I live my dreams in a short time? —Be practical. Between you and your dreams ________ a lot of hard work. A. stand B. stands C. is standing D. are standing 33. Mr Simmons always tries to make me keep in mind that how much easier my life ________ if I were better organized. A. will be the days to come. A. previous B. curious C. obvious D. ridiculous 35. —How come Tom picked a quarrel with his wife? —________? We also have the occasional argument. A. What’s on B. How’s that C. Who doesn’t D. Why not 第二节: 完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 How many licks (舔) does it take to get to the center of a Tootsie Pop (棒棒糖)? The first time I heard this in the Tootsie Pop commercial, I was five years old. I immediately started 37 36 and counting. After about two hundred licks or so, I stopped. The 38 my way through the hard 39 knew how many licks it took to get to the of the chewy center had proven to be too great, and I B. would have been C. would be D. will have been 34. Learning from ________ mistakes can help us keep conscious and avoid repeating them in
shell (外壳) to the very center. Besides, I center, so that, to me, was the licks. 40
center—three. That’s how many licks it took the owl (猫头鹰) in the commercial to get to the answer. 41 . To me, the answer was still always three 42 44 45 in my school. The Chair had become various other the prestigious (声望高的) 47 . In high school, I held to the Tootsie Pop
In my freshman year, I joined the Model United Nations position had 43 the center of the Tootsie Pop and my 46 students. The first so-called “owl” was Eric who had luckily Chair position. So, I decided,
Eric reached the center in only one lick, that’s how many 48 achieved the
licks it should take me. I went to the tryouts with a view to obtaining the position but At the end of my sophomore (高二) year, a new owl named Iris had 49 of it. Now, slightly frustrated after year was the 52 50
chair position after trying twice. I began working hard again. But then again, I did not make a two owls, I found a new owl, Evan. It had taken him 51 . It was widely known that senior 53 the program, but on
three licks to get to the “center”. Three was all I could second thoughts, I decided to continue.
year to become Chair. I thought about 高三英语 第 4 页（共 21 页）
Eleven years later, I visited the official Tootsie Pop website to find the real answer to the question that had 54 me my entire high school life. I finally understood. However many 55 to licks it takes to get to the center of the Tootsie Pop depends on however many licks I take—not how many the other owls take. 36. A. dreaming 37. A. temptation 38. A. fought 39. A. seldom 40. A. brief 41. A. commercial 42. A. program 43. A. become 44. A. shell 45. A. noticed 46. A. unless 47. A. failed 48. A. yet 49. A. promise 50. A. interacting with 51. A. afford 52. A. middle 53. A. winning 54. A. motivated 55. A. learn B. admiring B. appearance B. followed B. never B. right B. plan B. conference B. changed B. hope B. shifted B. if B. quitted B. even B. success B. frightening away B. hold B. gap B. criticizing B. troubled B. agree C. licking C. power C. made C. already C. random C. philosophy C. title C. determined C. owl C. improved C. before C. survived C. still C. point C. going through C. admit C. last C. quitting C. attracted C. refuse D. chewing D. discovery D. bit D. nearly D. temporary D. custom D. activity D. explored D. companion D. landed D. until D. struggled D. also D. joke D. dealing with D. expect D. initial D. arranging D. instructed D. choose
第三部分: 阅读理解 (共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 A TEDx is a global program that is brought to life by thousands of individuals all over the world. By organizing a TEDx event, you can create a unique gathering in your community that will unleash (释放) new ideas, inspire and inform. Here, you’ll find the complete set of rules for organizing a TEDx event, from start to finish. The rules are non-negotiable and mandatory (强制的) for all TEDx event organizers because it’s both our job and yours to maintain the integrity of the TEDx 高三英语 第 5 页（共 21 页）
vision. Spirit/purpose: Your event must maintain the spirit of TED itself: focused on the power of ideas to change attitudes, lives and ultimately, the world. TEDx events are not single-topic driven. Length: Your event may not exceed one day in length. Location: TED allocates one location-based license series per applicant; you must live in the city for which you are applying for a license. Your TEDx event must happen in the city for which you received the license. Funds: You may not use your event to make money. You may not use your event to raise funds for charities or other organizations. Admission: Based on approval from TED, you can charge an attendance fee for a TEDx event featuring live speakers. In order to charge an admission fee, you must first submit your proposed ticket price for approval from TED. Attendance: Up to 100 individuals may attend your event. Only individuals who have attended an official TED conference may organize an event with more than 100 attendees. Having attended one or multiple TEDx events or TEDWomen does not qualify you to host an event for more than 100 guests. Naming: TEDx events are named after locations, such as cities, neighborhoods, streets etc, and aim to serve that named community. Event names must comply with the guidelines laid out in Naming your event. 56. According to the rules, a TEDx event organizer is supposed to ________. A. extend the event to one day C. focus on one TED topic B. host the event in different cities D. name the event after locations
57. Who is qualified to host a TEDx event for over 100 guests? A. An organization which intends to make some money for charities. B. An individual who has submitted his proposed ticket price. C. A person who has attended an official TED conference. D. A woman who has attended numerous TEDx events. B Computer power is moving into the “cloud”—networks of data centres that use the Internet to supply all kinds of services, from e-mail and social networks to data storage and analysis. The rise of cloud computing is rapid and causing huge changes in the tech industry. The old guard is suffering: this week’s $67 billion merger (合并) between Dell and EMC, makers of computers and storage devices respectively (分别), was a marriage forced by the rise of the cloud. Disruptive (捣乱的) newcomers are blooming: if Amazon’s cloud-computing unit were a 高三英语 第 6 页（共 21 页）
stand-alone public company, it would probably be worth almost as much as Dell and EMC combined. The gains for customers have been equally dramatic. Compared with older IT systems, cloud computing is often much cheaper. It adds tremendous flexibility: firms that need more computing capacity no longer have to spend weeks adding new servers and installing software. In the cloud they can get hold of it in minutes. Their applications can be updated continually, rather than just every few months. Individual users can reach their e-mails, files and photos from any device. And cloud services also tend to be more secure, since providers know better than their customers how to protect their computing systems against hackers. But cloud computing makes one problem worse. In the old IT world, once a firm or a consumer had decided on an operating system or database, it was difficult and costly to switch to another. In the cloud this “lock-in” is even worse. Cloud providers go to great lengths to make it easy to upload data. They accumulate huge amounts of complex information, which cannot easily be moved to an alternative provider. Cloud firms also create a world of interconnected services, software and devices, which is convenient but only for as long as you don’t venture (冒险) outside their universe. Being locked in to a provider is risky. Firms can start to tighten the screws by increasing prices. If a cloud provider goes bust (崩溃), its customers may have trouble getting back their data. These risks have already caused a debate about whether the cloud needs stricter regulation. Some European politicians want to force cloud providers to ensure that data can be moved between them. That is too heavy-handed, because strict rules will inhibit (阻碍) innovation in what is still a young industry. The history of computing suggests that common standards may well appear naturally in response to customers’ demands—just as in personal computers, where it is now much easier to use the same files on different systems. In the meantime, a few commonsense measures can reduce the risk of lock-in. Firms that use more than one cloud provider to host their data are less affected. So are those that keep their most important information in their own data centres. Consumers can take precautions, too. Some services are better than others at enabling users to move data between providers (Google does well on this score). Cloud computing promises its users many benefits, but don’t mistake it for some sort of digital heaven. 58. The author takes “the merger between Dell and EMC” for example to show ________. A. the influence of cloud computing on computer and storage device makers B. the miserable sufferings of old computer companies C. the rapid development of new computer companies D. the interaction between old companies and newcomers 高三英语 第 7 页（共 21 页）
59. With wide applications of cloud computing customers can ________. A. pay less for the older IT systems C. know better about defeating the hackers B. gain more computing capacity quickly D. install software within weeks
60. The problem of “lock-in” can be dangerous because ________. A. it should ensure data can easily be moved to another provider B. it can create a network of services connected with devices C. it may make it difficult for customers to recover their data D. it will discourage an argument about stricter rules 61. It can be inferred from the last two paragraphs that ________. A. the European politicians’ advice is perfect B. customers’ demands play a role in setting standards C. lock-in is caused by firms’ storing information in their own centres D. Google enables users to provide services and move data 62. Which of the following sayings can best express the main idea of the passage? A. Everything has its time and that time must be watched. B. The grass looks greener on the other side of the fence. C. A candle lights others and consumes itself. D. Every white has its black, and every sweet has its sour. C Scientists have exactly discovered the set of brain cells involved in making risky decisions, and have been able to control them in rats using targeted light. By changing the activity of the cells they were able to change the behaviour of risk-taking rats to avoid risk, hinting the approach could in future be used to treat people with impulse (冲动) control problems. Risk-taking is a key part of survival, knowing when to take a chance could pay off—such as moving to a new area to look for food when pickings are slim. While all animals need an element of risk, the preference towards it varies between individuals. Researchers found this variation, which determines how risk-averse an individual is, is regulated by brain cells in a region of the brain called the nucleus accumbens. This cluster of neurons releases the neurotransmitter dopamine, which regulates the brain’s reward and pleasure centres. Previous studies have shown that in patients with Parkinson’s disease, taking medication which blocks specific dopamine receptors (DR2) (受体) leads to increased gambling (赌博) behaviour and risk taking behaviour. In studies with rats, researchers were able to use a technique called optogenetics (光遗传学)—which uses light sensitive proteins to change the activity of cells—to modify cells with DR2 in the nucleus accumbens. Rats were trained to choose one of two levers, offering them a choice between a “safe” or 高三英语 第 8 页（共 21 页）
“risky” choice. The safe option resulted in a small, but consistent amount of a sugar water treat. But the risky choice consistently delivered smaller amounts of sugar water, with the occasional large pay off — essentially encouraging the animals to gamble for a bigger prize. Around two-thirds of the animals weren’t keen on risk, opting for the safe option, but the remaining third were risk-seekers. Brain scans of the animals showed that those with low levels of DR2 consistently went for the gamble. But using pulses of light to stimulate (刺激) the DR2 cells and improve their activity could cause the risk-takers to play it safe and opt for the guaranteed but less rewarding option. Once the light-pulses stopped, the risk-takers returned to their gambling strategy. In the risk-averse animals, stimulating the same cells had little to no effect. Professor Karl Deisseroth, of Stanford University in California, said: “Humans and rats have similar brain structures involved.”And we found a drug known to increase risk preference in people had the same effect on the rats. So every indication is that these findings are relevant to humans. “Risky behavior has its moments where it’s valuable. As a species, we wouldn’t have come as far as we have without it.” 63. The variation in people’s preference towards risks is directly regulated by ________. A. nucleus accumbens B. light sensitive proteins C. neurons D. dopamine 64. From the experiment with rats, we can conclude that ________. A. the lack of DR2 cells results in a safe option B. the levels of DR2 have little to do with their choices C. the high levels of DR2 can make animals avoid risks D. the risky choice is a less rewarding option 65. The underlined words in Paragraph 7 most likely mean the animals that are ________. A. willing to take big risks C. fond of gambling strategy B. reluctant to take risks D. afraid of receiving stimulation
66. What can be inferred from what Professor Karl Deisseroth said? A. Humans and rats differ in their preference for risk-taking. B. Too much risk-taking can do more harm than good. C. Risk-taking can be used to treat people with impulse control problems. D. Risk-taking is a means of survival and brings higher returns to humans. D Wisconsin has long been home to incredibly successful research and innovation thanks to our famous academic research institutions and some of the brightest scientific minds. From discovering how Vitamin D can best be absorbed, to unlocking the potential of stem cells, Wisconsin has pioneered remarkable breakthroughs in science that have improved health, saved lives and created jobs. These scientific breakthroughs have not only led to life-saving medical 高三英语 第 9 页（共 21 页）
technologies but also have fostered (培育) a strong power in Wisconsin economy. Across America, groundbreaking research supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) alone adds millions of dollars to our economy every year. In fact, NIH funding generated an estimated $58 billion in economic output nationwide in 2014. NIH funding spurs economic growth by supporting jobs in research and by generating biomedical innovations that are turned into new products. NIH-supported innovations also influence improvements in health that can bolster the economy, improve productivity, and reduce illness and disability at home and across the globe. But, budget cuts and inadequate funding for NIH in the past decade have put both medical innovation and our next generation of researchers at risk. Today, too many of our talented young scientists are deciding to do something else, or are leaving the country to pursue their research. Simply put, scientific and medical innovation depends on our ability to foster, support and invest in these new researchers. That is why I have worked across party lines with Senator Susan Collins of Maine and introduced the Next Generation (NextGen) Researchers Act. Our act builds opportunities for new researchers, helps address the debt burden that young scientists face today, and invests in the future of research, science, and innovation. This commonsense proposal would create the “Next Generation Researchers Initiative” within the NIH Office of the Director to coordinate (协 调) all current and new NIH policies. The legislation (立法) also directs the NIH to consider recommendations from a National Academy of Sciences (NAS) comprehensive study and report on fostering the next generation of researchers. Finally, we must demonstrate a commitment to our future scientists who, like so many of their peers pursuing other fields, are struggling with crushing student loan debt. Our plan would also increase the amount of loans that can be forgiven through the NIH’s loan repayment programs to better account for the current debt load of new scientists. Higher education should be a path to prosperity, not suffocating debt, and this provision not only helps make higher education more affordable, but can help give new researchers a fair shot at pursuing their dreams. The NextGen Researchers Act will help to empower our next generation of researchers from Maine to Wisconsin, and across our country, with the resources they need to continue to lead the world in groundbreaking biomedical research and development. I’m proud to have earned the support of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the Medical College of Wisconsin, and many others, for my bipartisan work supporting Wisconsin’s leadership in science, research and innovation. At a time when America’s young researchers are facing the worst funding in decades, our best and brightest minds deserve to know that our country stands with them and is committed to building a stronger future. 高三英语 第 10 页（共 21 页）
67. Why does the author talk about Wisconsin in the first paragraph? A. To explain why some brightest scientific minds are rewarded for making contributions. B. To indicate Wisconsin has made great breakthroughs without the support of NIH. C. To illustrate that Wisconsin takes a lead in scientific breakthroughs and deserves his support. D. To distinguish Wisconsin’s achievements in science and innovation from the other states’. 68. The following are all the ways of NIH promoting America’s economic growth EXCEPT ________. A. supporting research jobs C. improving health and productivity ________. A. sing high praise for the work coordinating all current and new NIH policies B. support and invest in young researchers involved in medical innovation C. forgive NIH’s current loan debt to make higher education more affordable D. consider suggestions from NAS’ comprehensive study and report 70. What could be the best title of the passage? A. It’s Time to Strengthen Our Commitment to the Next Generation of Researchers B. It’s Time to Strengthen Our Biomedical Research and Development C. It’s Time to Strengthen Our Next Generation Researchers Act of NIH Office D. It’s Time to Strengthen Our Loan Repayment Programs of NIH B. encouraging medical innovations D. handling budget cuts
69. According to the passage, the introduction of the NextGen Researchers Act is intended to
第四部分: 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题；每小题 l 分, 满分 l0 分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意: 每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题纸上相应题号的横线上。 How Technology Can Help Language Learning Intelligence, according to Howard Gardner, is of eight types — verbal-linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical-rhythmic, visual-spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalistic. This is the first in a series of posts that explore and understand how each of the above forms of intelligence is affected by technology-mediated education. Verbal-linguistic Intelligence involves sensitivity to spoken and written language, the ability to learn languages, and the capacity to use language to accomplish goals. Such intelligence is developed by three specific activities: reading, writing and interpersonal communication—both written and oral. The traditional tools that have been used to efficiently develop verbal/linguistic intelligence — textbook, pencil, and paper — are giving way to 高三英语 第 11 页（共 21 页）
technology in many schools. E-books, Internet lesson plans, online assignments and word processing software, or a subset of the above, are now common in schools. Technology allows addition of multisensory ( 多种感觉的) elements that provide meaningful contexts to help comprehension, thus expanding the learning ground of language and linguistics. Research into the effect of technology on the development of the language and literacy skills vis-à -vis reading activities of children has offered evidence for favorable effects of digital-form books. A study shows that digital reading materials have become common in developing countries in early childhood classrooms to support engagement in storybooks while enhancing the emergent literacy ( 早期读写能力) among children. E-books are also being increasingly used to teach reading among beginners and children with reading difficulties. Technology can be used to improve reading ability in many ways. It can enhance (加强) and sustain the interest levels for children by allowing immediate feedback on performance and providing added practice when necessary. Recent research shows that students are able to improve their sight word vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension through computer-based reading. Technology can also help in improvement of writing skills. Word processing software promotes not only composition but also editing and revising in ways that streamline the task of writing. Desktop publishing and web-based publishing allow the work to be taken beyond the classroom into a virtual world that allows more constructive interactions. Technology enhanced oral communication is indeed useful in that it allows students from remote locations, or from all over the world to communicate orally through video and audio conferencing tools. For example, students of languages in Australian universities overcome the problem of insufficient contact with native language speakers by using online audio and video tools that allow the development of aural, vocal and visual-cognition skills that are important in verbal and linguistic education. Oral group discussions in the form of video conferencing can help non-native speakers of a language with natural language negotiation and cultural intonations in ways that have not been possible due to geographic isolation. Computer definitely aided language learning and computer mediated communication enhance teaching and learning experiences in the areas of linguistics and language intelligence. Although there have not been comprehensive studies on the use of technologies to aid K-12 English-language learners, there have been many individual computer programs and other technologies that accelerate the acquisition of phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and reading-comprehension skills and other language building blocks.
高三英语 第 12 页（共 21 页）
Title: How Technology Can Help Language Learning Paragraph outline Detailed information ● Howard Gardner thinks that intelligence is of eight types, (71) ________ from verbal-linguistic to naturalistic intelligence. Brief introduction to Verbal-linguistic Intelligence ●Verbal-linguistic Intelligence, (72) ________ of three aspects, is developed by three specific activities. ● Technology is (73) ________ traditional tools used to develop verbal/linguistic intelligence efficiently. ● The learning ground of language and linguistics has been (74) ________ by adding multisensory elements to language learning. Effects on language and literacy skills Effects on reading ability Effects on writing skills Effects on oral communication Digital reading materials have been used to help children in developing countries get (75) ________ in storybooks, enhancing the emergent literacy among them. Technology can enhance and sustain children’s interest levels by providing immediate feedback and extra practice. Technology allows our work to be taken in a virtual world with more constructive (76) ________. Technology allows students to communicate orally through video and audio conferencing tools (77) ________ geographic isolation. ●There is no (78) ________ that technology enhances teaching and learning experiences concerning linguistics and language intelligence. Conclusion ●Although there is a (79) ________ of comprehensive studies on the use of technologies to aid K-12 English-language learners, there have been other technologies that (80) ________ the acquisition of language building blocks. 第五部分: 书面表达 (满分 25 分) South Africa’s Street Store doesn’t just help to clothe the homeless, but also gives them the shopping experience of choosing what they want. With the idea to give the homeless the same dignity as customers who can pay, the Street Store sets up their pop-up cardboard shop in Cape Town, inviting customers in need to browse through the offerings and choose an outfit for themselves from the 高三英语 第 13 页（共 21 页）
hundreds of donated items at their will. The Street Store works closely with local council to get permission to pop-up their sidewalk shops in poor areas around Cape Town. Because of the social conditions in South Africa, over half of the children live in poverty, making the Street Store even more popular. The Street Store displays a row of cardboard “hangers” (衣架), with boxes neatly arranged below each one. On the hangers hang shirts, T-shirts, trousers and dresses donated by the Cape Town public. In the boxes below, multiple pairs of shoes await a new owner. Street Store volunteers also act as store consultants, offering fashion advice to their customers as they try on chosen donated items. The Street Store has already reached thousands in the Cape Town area, with over 1,000 satisfied homeless customers visiting on their first day in operation. The program gives the homeless not only a change to pick up some needed clothing, but also restores confidence by giving them a retail experience—even when pocket money doesn’t allow it. 【写作内容】 1. 用约 30 个单词概述上述信息的主要内容； 2. 结合上述信息，谈谈你对 the Street Store 的看法； 3. 假设你是 the Street Store 活动的参与者，你会怎么做？（不少于两点） 【写作要求】 1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句； 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 3. 不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。
高三英语 第 14 页（共 21 页）
2016 年 5 月 第一部分：听力（每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 1-5 CCBCB 6-10CABBA 11-15 BCABA 16-20 ACABA 第二部分：英语知识运用 第一节：单项填空（每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 21-25 ACACA 26-30 BDBCD 31-35 CBCAC 第二节：完形填空（每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 36-40 CADCB 41-45 CAACD 46-50 BADBC 51-55ACCBD 第三部分：阅读理解（每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 56-57 DC 58-62ABCBD 63-66 DCBD 67-70 CDBA 第四部分：任务型阅读（每小题 l 分，满分 10 分） 71. ranging/varying 72. consisting/composed 73. replacing 74. expanded 75. engaged/involved 76. interaction(s) 77. despite 78. doubt/denying 79. lack 80. accelerate 第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分） One possible version: The passage mainly tells us that the Street Store in Cape Town offers the poor both shopping experience and clothes donated by the public without hurting their dignity. What impresses me most is that the “shopping” process serves to lend great dignity to the act of receiving donations. It is widely acknowledged that there are still a large number of people living in poverty, so it is important for individuals to participate in activities to help those in need. In some way, this activity sets a good example for similar events. As for me, I will offer my help as much as I can and treat the poor with respect and care. I will pick out my old clothes which are still in good shape and donate them to the Street Store. Only when all of us join in the efforts of helping those in poverty can they have a better future.
一、评分细则 1. 本题总分 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2. 先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定 或调整档次，最后给分。 3. 词数少于 130 或多于 170 的，从总分中减去 2 分。 4. 评分要点为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的多样性、准确性和高级程度、上下 文的连贯性及语言的得体性等。 5. 拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面， 评分时应视其对交际的影响程度予以考 虑，但英美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6. 如书写较差，以致影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 二、内容要点 高三英语 第 15 页（共 21 页）
1. 概括文章的主要内容。（8 分） 2. 谈你对 the Street Store 的看法。（8 分） 3. 你如何参与这种活动。（8 分） 4. 卷面分数为 1 分。 三、说明 1. 以上提供的要点配分仅供参考，不宜死扣； 2. 表达的方式和顺序可以不同，并允许有所发挥； 3. 句子语法结构、时态、语态错误为大错；介词、冠词、单词拼写、大小写、标点符 号等方面的错误为小错；3 处小错相当于 1 处大错；相同错误只扣一次。 四、各档次的给分范围和要求
档次与 分值 总体描述 内容要点 语法结构和词汇 得分 ·应用了较多语法结构和词汇 第五档 很好 21～25 分 · 完全覆盖试题规 定的所有任务 · 完全达到了预期 写作目的 覆盖所有 主要要点 ·有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复 杂结构或较高级词汇所致；具备 较强的语言应用能力 · 有效地使用了语句间的连接成分， 使全文结构紧凑，内容连贯 ·其应用能满足任务的要求 第四档 好 16～20 分 · 较好地完成试题 规定的任务 · 达到了预期写作 目的 漏 1～2 个 ·应用基本准确，些许错误主要是 因尝试复杂语法结构或词汇 ·应用简单的词语间的连接成分， 使全文结构紧凑 16～18 大错 4 处 19～20 大错 3 处 21～23 大错 1～2 处, 或小错 3 ～6 处 24～25 无大错， 或小 错 1～2 处 分值评判 错误
·其应用基本能满足任务的要求 第三档 适当 11～15 分 · 基本完成试题规 定的任务 · 整体而言达到了 预期写作目的 · 未恰当完成试题 规定的任务 · 信息未能清楚传 达给读者 · 未能完成试题规 第一档 差 1～5 分 定的任务 · 信息未能传达给 读 者 或 有明 显 遗漏。 明显漏掉 主要内容 漏 5～6 个 漏 3～4 个 ·有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错 误，但不影响理解 · 应用简单的词语间的连接成分， 使全文内容连贯 ·语法结构简单、词汇项目有限 ·有一些错误，影响了写作的理解 ·较少使用词语间的连接成分、内 容缺少连贯性 ·语法结构简单、词汇项目有限 ·错误较多，影响对写作内容的理 解 ·缺乏语句间的连接成分、内容不 连贯
大错 5 处 大错 6 处
注：15 分为及格分，大 错不能超 5 处 9～10 6～8 大错 7 处 大错 8 处 只写出与内 3～5 容有关的一 些词句 只写出与内 1～2 容有关的个 别单词
第二档 较差 6～10 分
高三英语 第 16 页（共 21 页）
这是 2016 年苏锡常镇四市高三教学情况调查（二）英语试卷听力部分，该部分分为 第一第二两节。注意，回答听力部分时，请先将答案标在试卷上，听力部分结束后，你将 有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到答题卡上。
停顿 2 秒
停顿 2 秒
第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小 题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
停顿 5 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 1 M: Our manager asked me to go to Beijing next month to attend meetings on his behalf. W: So that means you can visit friends and relax yourself between the meetings. M: I hope so.
停顿 10 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 2 W: Look, why don’t you buy this camera? It takes excellent photographs, and if you don’t like it, just bring it back. M: The problem is that neither I nor my wife has much experience with cameras, so we won’t be able to use it properly.
停顿 10 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 3 W: Good morning, Mr. Smith. Did you sleep well last night after your long flight? M: Yes, I did. I feel totally rested and I’m now ready for our meeting.
停顿 10 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 4 M: Do you think that you can have these trousers finished by Thursday morning? W: I’m sorry. I couldn’t possibly get them done by then. Friday afternoon will be the earliest time when you can have them.
停顿 10 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 5 M: When does the bus leave? W: You have just missed one by four minutes. Buses leave every ten minutes, so you will have to wait for a while. M: Thank you. 高三英语 第 17 页（共 21 页）
停顿 5 秒 （叮咚铃声）
第一节到此结束。 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读每个小题，听完后，每小 题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间，每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第六段材料，回答第 6 至第 7 两个小题。现在你有 10 秒钟的时间来阅读这两个小题。 停顿 10 秒（叮咚铃声） Text 6 W: Can I help you? M: Yes, I’m looking for a flat. W: To buy or to rent? M: Oh, to rent. W: How much do you want to pay? M: About eight hundred a month. W: Well, I’ve got one here on the Main Road. It’s $200 a month. M: How big is it? W: It has a kitchen, a bathroom and one bedroom. M: Well, actually, I’d prefer something bigger if possible. W: Yes, I think so. Here’s an interesting one. It’s opposite the park. M: How much is it? W: It’s $250 a month. It’s the biggest flat we’ve got in this area. M: What’s it like? W: Well, there are two bedrooms, a sitting room, a kitchen and a bathroom. M: It sounds very interesting. Can I go and see it? W: Of course, sir.
停顿 2 秒 重复 停顿 10 秒 （叮咚铃声）
听第七段材料，回答第 8 至第 10 三个小题。现在你有 15 秒钟的时间来阅读这三个小题。 停顿 15 秒（叮咚铃声）
Text 7 M: Hi, is that Mary? W: Yes, it’s me. Peter? M: Yes. Hey, I say, can you have a cup of coffee with me? W: I can’t now. I have an exam tomorrow. I have to study for it. M: You’re taking a lot of courses this year. W: I wish I hadn’t picked so many now. Are you still with the basketball team? M: Yes, we will play a game this Saturday. 高三英语 第 18 页（共 21 页）
W: May I go to see you play? M: Yes, of course. W: I hope the weather will be sunny on Saturday. M: I hope so, too.
停顿 2 秒 重复 停顿 15 秒 （叮咚铃声）
听第八段材料，回答第 11 至第 13 三个小题。现在你有 15 秒钟的时间来阅读这三个小题。
停顿 15 秒 （叮咚铃声）
Text 8 M: Can you tell me how to get to the library from here? I have a lecture to attend there. W: Oh, are you new here? M: Yes, I just got here last night. W: Well, to go to the library, you have two choices. If you want to go right now, you can walk straight down this street until you pass a supermarket, and then turn right. The library will be straight ahead. M: How long will it take to get there? W: About fifteen minutes. M: What’s my other choice? W: If you don’t mind waiting around for a while, you can take Bus No. 3. It only takes about five minutes to get there. M: But I have to wait for the bus? W: That’s right. M: Well, I guess I might as well walk.
停顿 2 秒 重复 停顿 15 秒 （叮咚铃声）
听第九段材料，回答第 14 至第 16 三个小题。现在你有 15 秒钟的时间来阅读这三个小题。 停顿 15 秒 （叮咚铃声） Text 9 W: United Airlines. May I help you? M: Yes, I’d like to book some tickets on your flight 737, departing for California on May 10 at 7:30 in the evening. W: Your name, please. M: John Cramer and Peter Carson. W: Do you want to fly first or economy class? M: Economy, please. W: Yes, we still have room on that flight. Will this be a one-way trip? M: No, a round trip back to New York—on May 20. By the way, do you have any direct flights coming back? 高三英语 第 19 页（共 21 页）
W: Yes, we do. Flight 215, leaving California at 4:00 pm, flies non-stop back to New York. M: That will be perfect. What’s the exact air fare? W: An economy fare of a round trip from New York to California is $538 during busy season. M: I see…here is the money.
停顿 2 秒 重复 停顿 15 秒 （叮咚铃声）
听第十段材料，回答第 17 至第 20 四个小题。现在你有 20 秒钟的时间来阅读这四个小题。 停顿 20 秒 （叮咚铃声） Text 10 The United States has experienced a decline in happiness during the past ten years although it remains among the world’s happiest countries. That finding comes from the Sustainable Development Solutions Network survey in March 26, 2016. The World Happiness Report found that Americans showed “significant decreases” in happiness from 2005-2007 and again from 2013-2015. The U.S. ranked as the 13th happiest country in the 2016 survey. The report showed that 45 nations showed a decline in happiness during the past 10 years. Burundi was at the lowest spot in the rankings of more than 150 nations. The happiest country in the world was Denmark, according to the report. The top 10 countries also included Switzerland, Iceland, Norway, Finland, Canada, Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia and Sweden. Mexico was ranked 21st and Britain was 23rd. France was in the 32nd position, and Japan was ranked 53rd. Greece had the largest drop in the survey. Researchers blamed the drop on the debt crisis in the country. In 2014, the Pew Research Center carried out a life satisfaction survey. In that survey, a top conclusion was that richer countries were happier than poor countries. The Pew research said Asians and Africans are the most optimistic people about their futures. Money was a big factor driving happiness, but it was not the most important according to the Pew organization. The majority of those asked thought good health, quality education for their children and safety from crime were more important than wealth.
停顿 2 秒 重复 停顿 20 秒 （叮咚铃声）
第二节到此结束，现在你有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 停顿 2 分钟(叮咚铃声) 听力测试到此结束。
高三英语 第 20 页（共 21 页）
高三英语 第 21 页（共 21 页）