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2014高考英语总复习 语法专题复习:第二讲 数词和主谓一致


◆高考总复习· 英语◆

第二讲 数词和主谓一致

◆高考总复习· 英语◆
一、主谓一致考点透析

谓语受主语支配,需在人称和数上与主语保持一致。 处理主谓一致问题可依据三项原则:
1.语法一致:主语为单数形式,谓语用单数;主语 是复数形式,谓语用复数。 名词、代词、不定式、动名词、从句等充当主语时

, 一般适用语法一致原则。



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
(1)The boy is clever enough to learn mathematics well. (2)All the students are listening to their teacher

attentively.
(3)Collecting stamps gives me pleasure and betters my understanding of the world as well. (4)What you do is different from what you say.



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
2.意义一致:有时要从意义着眼处理主谓一致问 题。数学算式、集合名词、疑问代词、“the+形容 词” 充当主语时,一般适用意义一致原则。例如:

(1)Five pound is quite enough for you to buy a radio or a walkman,something like that.
(2)His family was going to have a long journey,but on the day when they were supposed to set off,some family were ill,so they had to cancel the plan.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
3.就近一致:谓语的人称和数与最近的主语保持 一致。 当not only...but also...,or,either...or..., neither...nor...,not...but...,whether...or...等连词连 接两个主语,以及在there be 句型、倒装句中,一 般适用就近一致原则。例如:

(1)He didn't say whether some English novels or an English dictionary was wanted.
(2)Not only you but also he is to blame.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
?温馨提示: 1.a number of+名词复数+动词复数形式; the number of+名词单/复数+动词单数形式。

2.a lot of,lots of,plenty of,the rest of,twothirds of,
fifty percent of等短语后接名词作主语时,谓语的数依 名词的数而定,即后接不可数名词或名词单数时,谓 语用单数;后接名词的复数形式时,谓语用复数。



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
3.one and a half+名词复数+动词复数。 4.many a+名词单数+动词单数。 5.every+名词单数and every+名词单数+动词单数。 Every boy and every girl in the area was invited.



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
强化训练一

(一)用所给动词的适当形式填空
按照句子结构的语法性和句子连贯的要求,用括号 中单词的正确形式填空。 is coming (come) to speak to us 1.A poet and artist ________ about Chinese literature and painting tomorrow afternoon. shows (show) 2.A survey of the opinions of experts ________ that three hours of outdoor exercise a week ________ is (be) good for one's health.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
3.All the employees except the manager are ____________ encouraged (encourage) to work online at home. 4.All the preparations for the task have ________________ been completed (complete), and we are ready to start. 5.As a result of destroying the forest, a large quantity of desert ______________ (cover) the land. has covered 6.As a result of the serious flood, twothirds of the buildings in the area________ need (need) repairing.



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
7.As you can see, the number of cars on our roads keeps __________ (keep) rising these days. 8.Barbara is easy to recognize as she's the only one of the women who ________ wears (wear) evening dress. 9.—Did you go to the show last night? —Yeah. Every boy and girl in the area ___________ was invited (invite).

10.Either you or one of your students ________ (be) to is attend the meeting that is due tomorrow.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
11.Every possible means _____________ has been used (use) to prevent the air pollution, but the sky is still not clear.
12.He is the only one of the students who ________ has been (be) a winner of scholarship for three years. 13.I told him what I was surprised at ________ (be) his was attitude towards his study. 14.Listening to loud music at rock concerts ________ has caused (cause) hearing loss in some teenagers. 15.Most of what has been said about the Smiths _____ is (be) also true of the Johnsons.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
(二) 语法填空 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯 的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词 语的正确形式填空。

Every policeman 1. ______ given special training for is the job. No two days 2. ______the same. Each day 3. are is different. But the job 4. ______ ______ isn't as exciting or glamorous as some people think. Not all policemen 5. ____ are allowed to carry guns. A number of police officers here 6. ______ work (work) with dogs. An officer and his


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
dog 7. ______(have) to work closely together. One of have

our jobs 8. ______to prevent crime happening in the first is
place. A lot of crimes 9. ______caused by people being are careless. Sorry,I have to go now. Someone have 10. ______ just reported a robbery.



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
二、数词考点透析
1.hundred,thousand,million,billion表示确切的数 目时,不能加s ,如:two hundred students。如果表 示不确切的数目,则在后加s ,并与of连用,如: hundreds of teachers,thousands of farmers,millions of stars。 2.scores of与dozens of都表示概数,意为“数十, 许多”,a score eggs(二十个鸡蛋)、 a dozen eggs(十 二个/一打鸡蛋)都是成立的,但可以说 a score of eggs, 不能说 a dozen of eggs。


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
3.年代的表示法有两种。20世纪80年代可写成 in the 1980s 或 in the 1980s'。 4.“基数词+名词”构成的定语,其中的名词用单 数。例如:a threemonth baby,an 800wordcomposition。 5.序数词前如有the,表顺序,如: the Second World War,the first question; 如果序数词前有不定冠词a, 则表示“再, 又”。例如: I've failed six times,but I decided to have a seventh try.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
6.常见的含数词的短语: in twos and threes 三三两两

one or two days没几天;一两天
first of all首先 second to none 首屈一指,不亚于任何人 one by one 一个一个地 ten to one十之八九

one in ten十分之一
fifty fifty对半


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
强化训练一 根据中文完成句子

1.我身高1米71,体重75公斤。 75 kilograms I'm ____________ 71 meters tall and I weigh ____________.
2.百分之四十四的学生认为应当收取费用。 _____________________________ Forty?four percent of the students think that fees should be charged.

3.我很高兴收到你6月7日的来信。 dated/of June 7 I was very glad to receive your letter ______________.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
4.这个故事发生在2012年2月8日早上7点15分。
The story happened ____________ on the morning of at 7:15 ________________. February 8th, 2012 5.沿着这800米的街道有300多家商店。 Along this ____________________ street, there are 800?meter?long ____________________. more than 300 shops 6.这套房子有25平方米, 有一间卧室、一间浴室 和一个厨房。 25 square meters , with a bedroom, a bathroom It is ________________ and a kitchen.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
7.如图2所示, 他们只有10%的业余时间用在体育 活动上。
As is shown on _____________ , only ____________ 10% of their Chart 2 spare time is spent on sports activities. ___________ 8.上周, 我们对2 600名学生就“谁是你的偶像” 做了一个调查。 Last week, we did a survey among ________________ 2,600 students on “Who is your idol”.



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
9.图书馆开放时间是周一到周五从早上9点到晚上7 点,周末不开门。 from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. from Monday The library is open __________________ to Friday and closed on weekends. 10.这个活动将持续23天, 从6月1日至23日。 The activity will last ____________________ , from about ten days ____________________. June 1st to 23rd 11.你可以搭17或59路巴士,地铁2号线在那也有一 个站。 You may take ________________ buses No.17 or 59 and ______________ subway line 2 has a stop there too.


◆高考总复习· 英语◆
12.前门大街是一个著名的大街,有600多年的历史。
Qianmen Street is a famous street with a history of more than 600 years ___________________. 13.昨天气温下降到了摄氏零下8度。 8℃ below zero Yesterday the temperature dropped to ______________. 14.澳大利亚人Allan Stewart出生于1915年3月7日, 2006年他获硕士学位,是世界上获得硕士学位年龄最 大的人。



◆高考总复习· 英语◆
Born on ________________ March 7th, 1915 , Allan Stewart, an Australian, become the oldest man to obtain a master's in 2006 degree all over the world ___________. 15.都江堰灌溉工程有2 000多年的历史, 今天在灌 溉方面仍然发挥重要的作用。 Dujiangyan Irrigation Project has a history of ________ more than _____________ and is still playing an important part in 2,000 years irrigation today.



◆高考总复习· 英语◆




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