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2014届《南方新课堂·高考总复习》英语一轮复习课件:第一部分 必修四 unit2 working the land


Unit 2

Working the land

1.struggle vi.& n.斗争;拼搏;努力 struggle for...为??而作斗争/拼搏 struggle with/against...与??作斗争 struggle to do sth.努力做某事

struggle to one's feet 挣扎着站起来
life-and-death struggle 生死搏斗

运用 完成句子 (1)他们为了这个职位而斗争。
struggling for They are _________________ the position. (2)这几年来他们一直与癌症作斗争。 have been struggling with/against They ___________________________ the cancer all through the years.

(3)狐狸努力逃脱。 struggled to escape The fox ________________________.
(4)他挣扎着站起来,慢慢地向前行。

struggled to his feet He ____________________ and dragged slowly ahead.

2.equip vt.&vi.配备;装备 equipment n.装备,配备;用具 equip sb.with 给某人配备?? be equipped to do sth.配有做??的装备(或条件)

equip sb.for sth.使某人具备某物
be equipped with sth.配有某物 运用 完成句子 (1)你所受的教育将使你具备未来生活的能力。 equip you for Your education will ______________ the ability of future life. (2)我们的孩子要具备某些特殊技能。 be equipped with Our children will ____________________ some special skills.

3.regret vt.遗憾;惋惜 n.遗憾;懊悔
regret to say/tell/announce/inform 遗憾地说/告诉/宣布/通知 regret doing/having done sth.后悔已经做了某事 regret that-clause 遗憾/后悔?? 运用 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空 leaving/having left (1)I now regret _________________ (leave) school so young. (2)I regret ____________(inform) you that your contract will to inform not be renewed.

4.reduce vt.减少;减缩;简化 reduce sth.to...把某物减少到?? reduce sth.by...把某物减少了?? 运用 完成句子

(1)我们必须把我们的开支减少到每个月 300 元。 reduce to We must ____________ our expenses ____ 300 yuan a month. (2)他们的产量已减少了百分之十。
Their output has been reduced by 10 percent. ________________

用本单元所学单词及用法完成下列句子 1.注意不要把数量和质量混淆了。 confuse with Be careful not to ________ quantity ________ quality. 2.戒烟会减少得心脏病的风险。 will reduce the risk of Giving up smoking ____________________ heart disease. 3.虽说世路多艰,但我们全都得努力为美好的将来而奋斗。 struggle for Life is hard but we all have to ___________ our bright future.

4.学生人数在迅速增加。 expanding rapidly The number of students is ________________________.

5.他随身带着一张街道平面图。 equipped with He ____________ himself ________ a street plan. 6.我很遗憾地告诉你,你没通过考试。
regret to tell you I ____________________ that you fail the exam.

1.rid...of 摆脱;除去
get rid of 摆脱;除掉;去掉 运用 完成句子 (1)他还清了债。

rid of The man ________ himself _____ debt.
(2)咱们把这件旧家具扔掉吧。 get rid of Let's ________________ this old piece of furniture.

2.focus on 集中(注意力、精力等)于 focus sth.on 将某物集中于??

运用 完成句子
他的眼光集中在电视屏幕上。 focused his eyes on He ____________________ the TV screen.

3.keep...free from/of (=protect sb./sth.from...) 使??免 受(影响;伤害等);使??不含(有害物)

运用 完成句子
今年我们想方设法使得花园不生杂草。 keep free from/of We have managed to ______ the garden __________ weeds this year.

用本单元所学短语及用法完成下列句子 1.他在演讲比赛中得了一等奖,他的老师对他的表现很满

意。
was He got the first prize in the speech contest.His teacher ______ satisfied with ____________ his performance. 2.真是一个热天啊,我宁愿待在家里而不愿外出购物。 would rather It is really a hot day.I __________________ stay in the house

than go out shopping.
3.多亏了你及时的帮助,我们才能按时完成任务。 Thanks to _________ your timely help, we could finish the task on time.

4.他正在国外开发他的事业。 building up He is ________________ his business abroad.
5.我把他们带到了我的学校。 led them to I ________________ my school.

6.这个女孩挣扎着让自己摆脱眼泪。 rid of The girl struggled to ________ herself ________ tears. 7.戴顶帽子可使你免受太阳的照射。
keep you free from/of Wearing a hat can ____________________ the sunlight. 8.今天我太忙了,精神集中不起来了。 focus on I'm so tired that I can't ____________ anything today.

原句

This special strain of rice makes it possible to produce

one-third more of the crop in the same fields.这种特殊的稻种使得 同样的田地多收获三分之一的产量。 “make it+adj.+to do sth.”结构表示“使做某事成为??”。 it 为形式宾语,后面的不定式是真正的宾语。make 在此作使役 动词,it 后面可以跟名词、形容词、动词原形等作宾语补足语。

精练 根据中文提示,完成下列句子 (1)电脑能使学习变得更容易更有趣。

easier and more interesting Computers can make learning _________________________. (2)我记得我跟你讲清楚了我不会来的。
it clear to you that I was not coming I remember I made __________________________________.

运用所学语言基础知识,补充完整下面短文,并背诵之 Farmers in China used to live a hard life and was always disturbed by hunger (1)_________________________ (受饥饿困扰).For decades, they struggled to search for ways to increase rich harvests, but without Thanks to success.Now, things have changed.(2)_________ ( 多亏) Dr.Yuan's research on the hybrid rice , farmers are producing harvests twice as large as (3)_______________( 多 了 一 倍 ) before, which means 22% of have got rid of/rid themselves of the world's people (4)_____________________________ (摆脱了) quite satisfied with are hunger.Most of the farmers say they (5)___ now ________________ ( 相 当 满 意 ) their life and would much rather be a farmer in the countryside.

“故事复述”考试目标及备考策略 本题型的故事体裁一般为叙事和简单的夹叙夹议文章,长

度在 250 个单词左右。故事内容往往比较贴近生活,包括学校
生活、家庭生活、人际交往等。文章结构比较完整,易于通过

听来理解内容,并进行口头表述。

一、宏观应试目标 复述故事对听说方面的能力较模仿朗读、角色扮演题型有 更高的要求。除了要达到前两个题型的基本要求之外,复述故 事更加强调对篇章的整体性理解和把握,同时考查能否恰当地 运用自己的语言组织要点信息,并正确而连贯地表达。 新课标和高考大纲对该题型的相应要求除了“能听懂有关 熟悉话题的讨论和谈话并记住要点”外,还有以下三个主要的 要求: 1.使用适当的语言形式进行描述和表达观点、态度、情感 等; 2.学习、掌握基本语篇知识并根据特定目的有效地组织信 息; 3.在学习中借助图表等非语言信息进行理解或表达。

二、微观能力目标 具体而言,同学们要具备:

1.宏观获取篇章脉络的能力;
2.组织要点的能力; 3.连贯表达的能力; 4.正确使用语法、词汇的能力。

三、备考策略 1.听取故事时,要注意:(1)宏观把握,注意开头句;(2) 记录关键词。 2.复述故事时,要注意:(1)明确复述时使用的人称或称 谓;(2)代词 he、she 要弄清,正确使用单复数、时态、句子转 承时的连词;(3)复述要连贯,不要连续重复某个词或某句话。 3.常规训练建议:(1)课堂上大胆发言,把握一切可以锻 炼英语口语的机会提高口头表达能力;(2)充分利用课堂教学素 材,选取故事性较强的文章或段落进行复述训练;(3)有意识地 培养速记的能力,积累丰富有效的速记符号;(4)利用旧题型的 听力材料,进行听说训练。忽略旧题型的选项部分,一边听一 边记录要点,训练听取大意、获取要点以及记录要点的能力, 同时用自己的语言进行复述,强化故事复述能力的培养。

说明计划 【技巧点拨】 1.当计划或打算要做的有几件事情时,为使前后衔接得更 加紧密,可用 first, then, next, finally 等表示时间先后的词;若不 体现动作先后,只是说明计划要做些什么事,也可用first of all, to begin with, what's more, in addition, lastly 等表示列举的关联词。 2.因为是计划或打算,故要用一般将来时。

阅读下面短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短 文。 China news, Shanghai, October 8—According to a random survey covering 3,800 elementary and secondary school students in Shanghai, the two groups of students have very different career outlooks.Most pupils dream of starting their own business after graduation, while high school students long for freelancing (自由 职业). “It's so cool to be your own boss, and you can decide when

to start a day's work ,” said Jay (not his real name), a fifth grade

pupil.The hottest topic between him and his classmates is usually about their future careers, and many of them have already had a thorough plan for the future.Jay says that he will start his business with his friends in a few years after graduating from college, when

he will have already accumulated some money. High school students' choices tend to be more reasonable.Some of them say they will take an ordinary full-time job, while many of them also appreciate the freedom of free-lancing; however, most of them will think twice before starting their own businesses, as it is
extremely difficult to start a career from scratch (忙乱).

[写作内容] 上面这篇文章来自中国新闻网,请你读后以一名学生的身 份在中国新闻网发表意见栏上写一篇文章,要包含以下要点: 1.以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容;

2.以约 120 词谈谈你将来的就业意向,内容包括:
(1)你打算以后干什么?说出你选择的理由;

(2)为了将来的事业,你现在应该怎么做。

[写作要求]
1.作文中可使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读

材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子;
2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

范文诵读: According to a survey,some elementary and secondary school

students in Shanghai hope to start their own bu-siness in the future
while others , especially high school students , prefer to take an

ordinary job.
I dream of being an excellent doctor after I graduate from university.First, I am told that to be a doctor, I can have a very good income.We have to admit that money is important.With it, I can live more comfortably and provide my child with a better environment.If I have enough money , I can also help the

poor.More importantly, doctors are angels to the patients, who can help the sick get rid of pain and suffering or even give a second life to the dying.I can't imagine how great I will feel when seeing a

patient recover from the illness and live happily again because of
my help.

Now what I should do is to study hard to make sure I can enter
a famous medicine university , where I can learn the required knowledge and skills to be a good doctor.


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