Part I Writing (30 minutes, 15 points) Part III Reading Comprehension Section A 36-40 GADMH 41-45 OFBJE Section B Section C 46-50 DGHOK 56-60 BABCB 51-55 BIMFJ
/>56.【答案】B。【译文】下面哪个是最佳标题。【试题分析】标题。把握中心大 意。【详细解答】文章首先提到非洲象所面临的困境，接着提到国际组织 及美国的反应--禁止象牙进口来拯救大象，终结偷猎行为。由此可见 B 是 最佳选择。 57.【答案】A。 【译文】根据原文，文中第一段出现的“dwindle”的意思是： 【试题分析】本题测试词义，根据上下文，猜测某个词在文中的意思。【详细解 答】根据原文可知，大象的数量在急剧减少，而表示“减少”之意的，答案 A 最合适。 58. 【答案】B。【译文】既然成年的，有大的象牙的大象已经越来越少，偷猎 者将来取什么措施? 【试题分析】细节题，在文中相应的段落就能找到答案。
【详细解答】文中提到“The poachers now must kill times as many elephants to get the same quantity of ivory”.由此可知，答案 B 是最佳答案。 59. 【答案】C。 【译文】为什么非洲国家最终欢迎禁止象牙进口? 【试题分析】 细 节 题 。 在 文 中 相 应 位 置 即 可 找 到 答 案 。 【 详 细 解 答 】 文 中 有 “ ...but increasingly they realised that the decimation of the elephant herds poses a serious threat to their tourist business.”由此可知答案 C 是对的。 60.【答案】B。【译文】文中作者的态度是什么?【试题分析】态度题。须通篇 考虑。【详细解答】文中作者只是叙述事实，并没有表示赞成或反对。因 此最佳选择是 B。
Part IV Translation （15’） 本题满分为 15 分，成绩分为六个档次，各档次的评分标准如下：
14 分（13-15 分） ：译文准确表达了原文的意思，用词贴切，行文流畅，基本上 无语言障碍，仅有个别小错。 11 分（10-12 分） ：译文基本上表达了原文的意思，文字基本通顺、连贯，无重 大语言错误。 8 分（7-9 分） ：译文勉强表达了原文的意思，用词欠准确，语音错误相当多，其 中有些是严重语言错误。 5 分（4-6 分） ：译文仅表达了一部分原文的意思，用词不准确，有相当多的严重 语言错误。 2 分（1-3 分） ：译文支离破碎，除个别词语或句子，绝大部分文字没有表达原文 意思。 0 分：未作答，或只有几个孤立的词，或译文与原文毫不相关。
Part III Reading Comprehension (30 minutes, 35 points) Section A Directions： In this section，there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage. Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano warned that we just can’t win, can we, airlines? Over the past several years, as more and more airlines began 36 for checking luggage on flights, passengers started getting savvier (精明的）about saving themselves some money by packing less—or maybe just by cramming everything they needed into carry-on size suitcases. But that, of course, has had its 37 too. Longer security lines, less space in overhead bins and even flight delays are caused by people who fail to understand what carry-on size luggage is, thereby being 38 to check their bags minutes before taking off. And now there’s more： Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano told Congress this week that the 39 in the number of people carrying on bags has come at a cost to taxpayers, to the tune of $ 260 million a year.
How 40 does that work? Well, when you don’t check your bag in order to avoid checking fees, you are increasing the amount of baggage that then needs to be closely examined at the security checkpoint, which means more TSA personnel needed and more shifts needed to be filled. So in the end, that carry-on baggage isn’t 41 as you would like it to be. A $ 5 fee per one-way ticket is already 42 when you purchase airfare. Now Napolitano has proposed increasing that fee in order to 43 in as much as $ 600 million more dollars for her agency every year. Louisiana Senator Mary Landrieu asked whether airlines should be tasked to make up some of that 44 rather than charging passengers more. Thanks, Mary, but surely you know that the airlines will just make up for that 45 by increasing fares—or perhaps charging for oxygen. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。
Section B Directions：In this section，you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.
Electronic Reading Devices A) More than 550 years after Johannes Gutenberg printed 180 copies of the Bible on paper and vellum (羊皮纸） ，new technologies as revolutionary as the printing press are changing the concept of a book and what it means to be literate. Sound, animation and the ability to connect to the Internet have created the notion of a living book that can establish an entirely new kind of relationship with readers. B) As electronic reading devices evolve and proliferate (激增） ，books are increasingly able to talk to
readers, quiz them on their grasp of the material, play videos to illustrate a point or connect them with a community of fellow readers. C) The Master of Rampling Gate，a novel by Anne Rice published in 1991 as a paperback, illustrates some of the possibilities. The out-of-print title was given new life in March, when it was reissued in digital form by Vook (a mash-up of “video” and “book”） ，an Alameda start-up selling titles for iPad and iPhone. As a $ 4.99 application sold through iTunes store, the title comes with video interviews with Rice and others and links to Web pages that elaborate on events and places in the story within the text. D) Vook has published more than two dozen titles. The videos and other digital features are designed to “project the emotion of the book without getting in the way of the story,” said Brad Inman, Vook’s chief executive and a former real estate columnist for the San Francisco Examiner. “We want to revive the passion for traditional narrative. Multimedia could be a catalyst for spawning more reading. ” E) Tim O’Reilly, whose O’Reilly Media in Sebastopol, Calif.，is at the forefront of designing and distributing digital books over the Internet and on mobile devices, said technology has the power to “broaden our thinking about what a book does. ” F) In addition to displaying pages from a book, digital e-readers can read them aloud, opening up a literary trove for the blind and the visually impaired who have long had only a thin selection of audio and Braille books to choose from. “You now have the ability to make a book talk,” said George Kerscher, head of the Digital Accessible Information System Consortium in Zurich, Switzerland. Kerscher, who studied omputer science at the University of Montana and is blind, has spent two decades lobbying publishers to make books more accessible to visually impaired readers.
G) Digital technology is also transforming reading from a famously solitary experience into a social one. The newest generation of readers—the texting, chatting, YouTubing kids—has run circles around the traditional publishing process, keeping its favorite stories alive online long after they’re published, At online fan communities for popular fantasy series like Harry Potter and Twilight, young enthusiasts collaborate on new story lines involving monsters, ghosts and secret crushes. H) On Textnovel. com, thousands of cellphone-toting authors write novels via text message, one or two sentences at a time. Aspiring writers can sign up on the free site and begin writing, either from phones or computers. Readers can follow the stories online or receive a text every time their favorite author adds a plot twist. Shannon Rheinbold—Gee tapped out her 85 000—word thriller about teenage werewolves (狼人）in just under five weeks using the Textnovel site. The former middle-school teacher figured she had no chance of getting a traditional
publishing deal. It did. The book, IS to Life，won Textnovel’s first annual contest and earned its author a three-book contract with the prestigious St. Martin’s Press, including a $ 10 000 advance. I) Textnovel, which is funded by contributions from its own members, is just one example of how the Internet has become fertile ground for creative amateurs. On Scribd. com, writers and digital packrats (收藏者）are building a huge exchange meet for written works of every length, many of which once existed on paper. Visitors can browse digital versions of novels and nonfiction books—some by established authors, others by complete unknowns—along with recipes for spinach calzones and 1950s-era manuals for building transistor radios, nearly all of which is free. J) As in many places online, free content is the rule. Writers who are intent on making money will have to find creative ways to attract readers and build an audience. As the YouTube of books, Scribd provides a virtual printing press for budding writers and a community of potential readers. The company gets most of its revenue by selling advertising on the site.
K) The proliferation of amateur content poses a difficult problem for publishers, who must find a way to make a profit in a sprawling marketplace increasingly filled with free content. “We’ve pretty much reached the point where the supply has now shifted to infinite， ” said Richard Nash, former head of Soft Skull Press, a small New York publisher. “So the next question is： How do you make people want it?” Part of the answer may be found on Goodreads. com, a digital library and social networking site where millions of members can log in and chat about any book they want, including many that will never see print. L) Lori Hettler of Tobyhanna， Pa.， runs one of the largest book clubs on Goodreads, with nearly 7 000 members from all over the globe. Discussions can go on for hundreds of messages, with readers passionately championing the club’s latest selection.
M) A recommendation by Hettler can help little-known authors find an audience. Her recent picks include M. Clifford’s The Book and D. H. Haney’s Banned for Life， both self-published efforts. “Word of mouth goes a long way， ” Hettler said. “Once I review a book for one guy, he usually has someone he would like me to read, and then that guy has someone he would like me to read... It’s this wonderful, endless cycle. ” N) Whereas printed texts often are linear paths paved by the author chapter by chapter, digital books encourage readers to click here or tap there，launching them on side journeys before they even reach the bottom of a page. Some scholars fear that this is breeding a generation of readers who won，t have the attention span to get through classics like The Catcher in the Rye，let alone Moby-Dick.
O) “Reading well is like playing the piano or the violin,” said the poet and critic Dana Gioia，former chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts. “It is a high-level cognitive ability that requires long-term practice. I worry that those mechanisms in our culture that used to take a child and have him or her learn more words and more complex syntax (句法结构）are breaking down. ” 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。
46. Brad Inman considered that the function of multimedia is that it would boost more book reading. 47. The newest generation of readers has become creative collaborators in literary writing. 48. Shannon Rheinbold-Gee gained the opportunity to output her creative writing in just under five weeks with the help of Text novel site. 49. Dana Gioia is anxious about the breaking down of the traditional mechanisms in our culture that used to teach a child to learn more words and more complex syntax. 50. The rapid growth of amateur content brings a difficult problem for publishers, who must find a way to make a profit in a pervasive market full of free content. 51. Electronic reading devices can be used for connecting readers with their fellows. 52. To exchange works for free, writers and digital packrats on Scribd. com are building a huge swap meet for written works. 53. According to the passage, little-known authors might become famous if they get a recommendation by Hettler. 54. Electronic reading devices can help the blind and the visually impaired by reading the book aloud. 55. Among those free contents, writers who are hard at making profits will have to find creative ways to attract readers and build an audience.
Section C Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them
there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide
on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。
Passage One Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage. African elephants have been slaughtered at alarming rate over the past decade, largely because they are the primary source of the world’s ivory. Their population has been dwindled from 1.3 million in 1979 to just 625,000 today, and the rate of killing has been accelerating in recent years because many of the older, bigger tusked animals have already been destroyed. “The poachers now must kill times as man y elephants to get the same quantity of ivory,” explained Curtis Bohlen, Senior vice president of the World Wildlife Fund. Though its record on the environment so far, the government last week took the lead in a major conservation issue by imposing a ban on ivory imports into the US. The move came just four days after a consortium of conservation groups, including the World Wildlife Fund and Wildlife Conservation International, called for that kind of action, and it made the US the first nation to forbid imports of both raw and finished ivory. The ban, says Bohlen, sends a very clear message to the ivory poachers that the game is over. In the past African nations have resisted an ivory ban, but increasingly they realized that the decimation of the elephant herds poses a serious threat to their tourist business. Last month Tanzania and several other African countries called for an amendment to the 102 nation Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species that
would make the ivory trade illegal worldwide. The amendment is expected to be approved at an October meeting in Geneva and to go into effect next January. But between now and then, conservationists contend, poachers may go on a rampage, killing elephants wholesale, so nations should unilaterally forbid imports right away. The US government brought that argument, and by week’s end the twelve nation’s European Community had followed with its own ban. 56. Which of the following is the best ? A) African Elephants and the Ivory Trade. B) A Bid to Save the Elephant. C) The Poachers. D) Elephants In Danger. 57. According to the passage, “dwindle” means _________. A) decreaseB) enlarge C) weaken D) eliminate 58. Since many of the older, bigger- tusked animals have already been destroyed, what did the poacher do?
A) They gave up poaching. B) They killed more elephants to get the same quantity of ivory. C) To them, game is over. D) They realized it was illegal to slaughter elephants. 59. Why did the African nations welcome an ivory ban? A) The rate of killing has been accelerating. B) The US government forbids imports of both raw and finished ivory. C) They realized that the killing of elephants is a serious threat to their tourist business. D) African people advocated an ivory ban. 60. What’s the author’s attitude? A) Subjective B) Neutral C) Pessimistic D) Active Passage Two Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage. The destruction of our natural resources and contamination of our food supply continue to occur, largely because of the extreme difficulty in affixing (把…固定) legal responsibility on those who continue to treat our environment with reckless abandon (放任). Attempts to prevent pollution by legislation, economic incentives and friendly persuasion have been met by lawsuits, personal and industrial denial and long delays --- not only in accepting responsibility, but more importantly, in doing something about it. It seems that only when government decides it can afford tax incentives or production sacrifices is there any initiative for change. Where is industry’s and our recognition that protecting mankind’s great treasure is the single most important responsibility? If ever there will be time for environmental health professionals to come to the frontlines and provide leadership to solve environmental problems, that time is now. We are being asked, and, in fact, the public is demanding that we take positive action. It is our responsibility as professionals in environmental health to make the difference. Yes, the ecologists, the environmental activists and the conservationists serve to communicate, stimulate thinking and promote behavioral change. However, it is those of us who are paid to make the decisions to develop, improve and enforce environmental standards, I submit, who must lead the charge. We must recognize that environmental health issues do not stop at city limits, county lines, state or even federal boundaries. We can no longer afford to be tunnel-visioned in our approach. We must visualize issues from every perspective to make the objective decisions. We must express our views clearly to prevent media distortion and public confusion.
I believe we have a three-part mission for the present. First, we must continue to press for improvements in the quality of life that people can make for themselves. Second, we must investigate and understand the link between environment and health. Third, we must be able to communicate technical information in a form that citizens can understand. If we can accomplish these three goals in this decade, maybe we can finally stop environmental degradation, and not merely hold it back. We will then be able to spend pollution dollars truly on prevention rather than on bandages. 61. We can infer from the first two paragraphs that the industrialists disregard environmental protection chiefly because ______. A) they are unaware of the consequences of what they are doing B) they are reluctant to sacrifice their own economic interests C) time has not yet come for them to put due emphasis on it D) it is difficult for them to take effective measures 62. The main task now facing ecologists, environmental activists and conservationists is _________. A) to prevent pollution by legislation, economic incentives and persuasion B) to arouse public awareness of the importance of environmental protection C) to take radical measures to control environmental pollution D) to improve the quality of life by enforcing environmental standards 63. The word “tunnel-visioned” (Line 2, Para 4) most probably means ___________. A) narrow-minded B) blind to the facts
C) short-sighted D) able to see only one aspect 64. Which of the following, according to the author, should play the leading role in the solution of environmental problems? A) Legislation and government intervention. B) The industry’s understanding and support.
C) The efforts of environmental health professionals. D) The cooperation of ecologists, environmental activists and conservationists. 65. Which of the following is true according to the last paragraph? A) Efforts should be exerted on pollution prevention instead of on remedial measures. B) More money should be spent in order to stop pollution. C) Ordinary citizens have no access to technical information on pollution. D) Environmental degradation will be stopped by the end of this decade.
Part IV Translation (30 minutes, 15 points) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a
passage from Chinese into English.
注意：此部分写在答题纸上。在大家庭里，老一辈人的意见受到尊重，小一辈人 得到全家的呵护。 中国宪法规定赡养父母是成年子女义不容辞的责任。 在城市里， 不和家里老人一起住的年轻夫妇给老人提供生活费并帮助他们干家务活儿。 在农 村， 尽管大家庭解体了， 许多结了婚的儿子和他的家人还和父母住在同一个院子 里。对他们来说，分家不过是分灶而已。结了婚的儿子往往把房子盖在父母家附 近，这样父母和子女互相帮助、探望都和过去一样方便。