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高中英语必修5 Unit3 词汇讲解


Module 5 Unit3
Life in the Future

1. impression [cn]

1)印象;感想 (of)

影响(on)
对…有…印象

What’s your first impression of him? get/ have an impression of … make/leave an impression on sb 给sb留下...印象 I didn’t want to ______ _____ impression make ______ a false _________

________ ______. on you The doctor’s encouragement left a positive impression on
the patient. (对…有影响) impress vt. 给……留下深刻印象 impress sth on sb ; impress sb with sth 用…使sb印象深刻

impressive

adj. 令人钦佩的

1. The student takes up his pen and writes to his father. 拿起 2. Playing basketball takes up much of my time. 占去 3. When did you take up golf? 开始学习 4. She took up his offer of a drink. 接受 5. He is going to take up the story where he left off yesterday. 继续

take off 脱掉;起飞 take in 欺骗;收留 take on 承担;雇佣;呈现(面貌) take down 写下 take over 接任;接管 take apart 拆开 1. The company has been ____________ taken over by Sony. 2. The village _______________ has taken on a new look since 1990. 3. The plane _________ took off an hour late. took him in 4. He was homeless, so we _________________. 5. Reporters ___________ took down every word of his speech. took apart the machine but failed to combine 6. Tom ___________ it.

out

拿走 想当然的认为 拿出 注意

notice of
it for granted take away advantage of… a deep breath

measures to do sth 利用

采取措施做某事 深呼吸

pride in
one’s chance

碰运气 怜悯某人 别着急 以……为荣

trouble to do sth
take it easy pity on sb turns to do sth

轮流去做某事
不辞劳苦去做某事

3. previous adj. 先前的,以前的 有此类工作经验者优先考虑。 People who have previous working experience will be considered first. previous to(介) 在……之前 Previous to going to the university, he visited his relatives.

4. 1) surrounding adj. 周围的 in surrounding area 2) surroundings n. 【pl】(周围)环境 If we can’t change the surroundings, we must try to get used to it. 辨析 surroundings 自然环境 environment 自然/ 精神环境 The boy grew up in comfortable surroundings, but not in a happy home environment.

5. tolerate vt.容忍;忍受(doing/ n./ pron) We cannot tolerate his cheating in the exam. tolerant adj 宽容的 tolerance un. 容忍 tolerable adj 可忍受的

6. lack vt 缺少 1. She lacks money to buy new clothes. 2. He lacks the skills required for the job, so he failed in the interview. n. 缺乏 (a/ the) lack of for lack of 因为缺少 3. He failed in the exam for lack of good preparations. 4. You are excellent, but we do have no lack of teachers. lacking adj. 缺少的be lacking in= be short of 5. He is not lacking in confidence. = He doesn’t lack confidence. = He has no lack of confidence.

7. adjustment (to) [cn] 调整;调节 make ... adjustments to sth 对……作出调整 We have made a lot of adjustments to the project. adjust… (to) vt. 调节;使适应 She quickly adjusted herself to the university life. 8. be back on one’s feet 恢复; 完全复原=come to Jack is back on his feet again after his operation. rise to one’s feet 站起来

8. press vt. 按;压 If you press the button, the machine will begin to work. 催促;逼迫 press sb to do sth / into doing sth The boss pressed the workers to work overtime. press sb for sth 为了…逼迫sb The boss pressed him for overtime work. press [n] 按;压;印刷;新闻界 The press is/ are very powerful. pressure n. 压力;压强;压迫

9. lost sight of...
1)Suddenly I lost sight of my father in the crowd. 2)We must not lose sight of the fact that learning English is very important.

catch sight of 望见,看到 out of sight 看不见了 at first sight 乍一看 at (the) sight of 看到……时

catch sight of at first sight

望见,看到 out of sight 看不见了 乍一看 at (the) sight of 看到……时

at sight of 1. The thief ran off ______________ the police. 2. The house is new _________________. at first sight 3. He ___________________ a snake and was scared caught sight of to death. Out of sight 4. ________________, out of mind. 10. sweep up (-swept- swept) 横扫;打扫 sweep away 刮走;冲走 sweep off 扫去, 吹掉 sweep over 风靡 sweep out 清扫;高傲走出of swept up The housewife ____________ all the broken glass. The flood _____________ swept away houses and cars.

11. optimistic adj. 乐观的 (about) pessimistic adj. 悲观的
There is no reason to be pessimistic about the future,so we should be optimistic about our life. optimist optimism n. 乐观主义者 n. 乐观主义

12. instant [cn] 瞬间;片刻 in an instant= in no time= at once= right away = immediately I'll be back in an instant. the instant/ moment/second/ minute 一…就 I recognized her the instant I saw her. adj. 立即的;即食的 I don't like drinking instant coffee.

13. representative 1) n. 代表 Our company will send three representatives to attend the meeting held on Friday. 2) adj. 典型的(of) The painting is not representative of his works. represent v. 代表 representation n. 象征;代表

14. settlement [cn.] 定居 [un.] 解决 My new settlement is in the center of the city. reach a settlement on/ over 就…达成协议 settle v. 定居; 解决(solve) settle down 在……安定下来 settle on 选定,决定 settle in 迁入,适应新地方 He ______________selling everything and had settle on chose to______________ settle down in a place far way from the city. Last week, he___________the island and settled in two days later he invited us to visit his new settlement _________


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