第 6 讲 名词性从句经典精讲（下）
开篇语 题一： 1. I order that the patient ________ to the nearest hospital at once. A. send B. sent C. must be sent D. be sent 2. I demanded that she _____ the school
uniform in no time. A. wear B. be worn C. wearing D. must wear order demand command require request (that) sb. (should) do/be done advise suggest insist ... 题二： 1. I suggested that Tom _____ a little more sleep every day. A. have B. has C. must have D. having 2. The expressions on his face suggested that he ____ upset. A. is B. was C. were D. be 题三： 1. The old man insisted that he ____ the terrible traffic accident just now. A. see B. saw C. seen D. sees 2. The teacher insisted that every student _______ loud ly while others are giving a speech. A. not talk B. didn’t talk C. doesn’t talk D. hasn’t talked
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a fin al resting place for those who here gave their lives that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. Bu t, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
题四： 表语从句 1 . That’s __ we borrows books or do reading. A. what B. which C. that D. where 2. This is ____ I don’t agree. A. what B. which C. that D. where 题五： 1. Look at the dark clouds! It looks as if it ____ rain. A. is going to B. will C. would D. were going to 2. The pencil is in the water now as if it ____ broken. A. is B. was C. were D. be 3. You speak English very fluently as if you ____ abroad. A. have been B. had been C. were D. are 虚拟语气倒推一个时态的原则： 现在用过去； 过去用过去完成时，现在 将来用过去将来。 题六： be going to 和 will 的区分 1. I _____ go to Seoul this September. 2. Oh, my God! I forgot to bring the note of you. I ____ fetch it for you. 3. Man _____ die without wate r. 4. Look at the dark clouds! It _____ rain. 题七： 同位语和定语从句的区分 1. The fact _____ the sun rises every morning is well known to us. 2. The fact _____ he told me yesterday is unbelievable. A. that B. which C. what D. / 题八： 1. It is important _____ we should learn English. 2. It was ten o’clock _____ Mum came home. 3. It is ten years ____ I joined the army. 4. It will be long ____ we meet again. 5 . It was three years ago _____ I met with my wife. A. that B. when C. before D. after E./ F. si nce G. what 如何翻译以下的句子??? It is ten years since I smoked. 1. It is ten years since I smoked 2. It is ten years since I began to smoke. 3. It is ten years since I joined the army.
4. It is ten years since I was in the army. 5. It is a lon g time since we enjoyed ourselves. 题九： ——You don’t smoke, do you? ——____. It is ten years since I smoked. A. Yes, I do B. No, I don’t C. Yes, I don’t D. No, I do 题十： 1. Give it to ____ comes first. A. whoever B. whomever C. anyone D. no matter who 2. ____ comes first, he or she will get a lot of souvenirs. A. whoever B. whomever C. anyone D. no matter who 题十一： He was driving so fast as to get himself into a dangerous situation ____ he is likely to lose the control over his car. A. why B. where C. how D. which situation case position point + where/in w hich + S + V + O job activity family address ? “四大换句话说” 1. in other words, 2. that is, 3. that is to say, 4. or rather, “三大一方面，另一方面” 1. On one hand,? On the other hand,? 2. In the first place,? In the second place,? 3. For one thing,? For another,? By + V-ing, ...can...（ 借着...，?能够?） 例句： By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy. ...enable + object + to + V
（??使??能够..） 例句： Listening to music enables us to feel relaxed. 听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。 名师寄语 课后拓展练习 注：此部分为老师根据本讲课程内容为大家精选的课下拓展题目，故不在课堂中讲解，请同 学们课下自己练习并对照详解进行自测. 题一： I’d like to start my own business –that’s _____ I’d do if I had the money. A. why B. when C. which D. what 题二： When the news came _________ the war broke out, he decided, to serve in the army. A. since B. which C. that D. because 题三： It was never clear _______ the man hadn’t reported the accident sooner. A. that B. how C. when D. why 题四： Before the problem can be solved, it must be obvious ______the problem itself is. A. what B. that C. which D. why 题五： His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out _____it is he is trying to express. A. that B. how C. who D. what 题一：1. D 2. A 题二：1.A 2.B 题三：1.B 2.A 题四： 1. D 2. D 题五：1. A 2. C 3. B 题六：1. am going to 2. will 3. will 4. is going to 题七：1. A 2. A/B/D 题八：1. A 2. B 3. F 4. C 5. A 题九：B 题十：1. A 2. A、D 题十一：B 课后拓展练习 题一：D 解析：本题考查表语从句，从句中的 do 是及物动词，从句缺少宾语，A 项和 B 项排除，它们 只做状语；which 引导名词性从句时句意为“哪个，哪些” ，不合逻辑，故选用 what. 题二：C 解析：本题考查同位语从句。句意为：当战争爆发的消息传来时，他决定去部队服役。此处 的“_________ the war broke out”解释说明 the news 的具体内容，且从句中不缺少成分， 用 that 连接。 题三：D 解析：考查主语从句。句意：这名男子没有早点报告这次事故的原因根本没有搞清楚。It 是 句中的形式主语，真正的主语是 why 引导的主语从句。 题四：A 解析：本题考查的是名词性从句中的主语从句。从句中缺少表语，排除 B 和 D；又因题目没有 给出 problem 的范围，故选 A.
题五：D 解析：本题考查 what 引导的宾语从句。句意：他写的东西很乱，很难弄明白想表达啥。 排除 B 和 C，what 有具体的意思，不能由 that 引导，故选 what.