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2016揭阳二模英语试题(含答案)


揭阳市 2016 年高中毕业班高考第二次模拟考试
英 语
注意事项: 1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。 2. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卷和答题卡相应的位置上。 3. 全部答案应在答题卷和答题卡上完成,答在本试卷上无效。 4. 考试结束后,将本试卷、答题卷和答题卡一并交回。 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和 第Ⅱ卷(非

选择题)两部分。满分 120 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Visiting Joshua Tree National Park, California Joshua Tree National Park is nearly 800,000 acres large and surrounds parts of the Mojave and Colorado Deserts in South-central California. Although barren at first glance, the park is full of wildlife and provides a variety of entertainment activities from hiking to climbing. Within a 3-hour drive, Joshua Tree National Park takes at least a full day to visit. Things to do Hiking opportunities within the park include several choices, from 12 self-guided nature trails to all-day back-country hikes. Joshua Tree National Park has nine camping grounds, and back-country camping is also allowed. Rock-climbing is a popular activity in the park, which has 10 mountains greater than 5,000 feet in height. When to visit Joshua Tree National Park is open 365 days a year, although the best time to visit is October through April, when temperature is milder. The peak season is when the wild flowers bloom, and summer months are the least crowded.
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What to bring In addition to your camera and telescope, be sure to carry lots of water. Park and trail maps can be picked up at any of the three visitor centres. Fees ﹒Parking fees: You can buy a 7-day vehicle permit for $15, a single entry permit for $5, or Joshua Tree National Park annual pass for $60. ﹒Camping fees: They vary by camping ground. 1. The underlined word “barren” in the first paragraph can be replaced by _______. A. thin A. March B. beautiful B. May C. deserted C. June D. large 2. When is the best time to visit Joshua Tree National Park? D. September 3. If one goes to Joshua Tree National Park by car and stay there for 9 days, how much at least he should pay for the parking fees? A. $60 B. $15 C. $25 D. $30 B My teacher, Mr. August J. Bachmann, was the most influential teacher I ever had. I had gotten into trouble in his class: Another student had pushed me for fun, and I became angry and began to hit him. Mr. Bachmann stopped the fight, but instead of sending me to the office, he sat me down and asked a simple question: “Penna, why are you wasting your life? Why aren't you going to college?" I didn't know anything about colleges or scholarships. No one had ever considered that a fatherless boy from the poorest neighborhood had a future. That day, instead of rushing off for lunch, he stayed and explained possible education options to me. At the end of our talk, he sent me to see a secretary who had a child at a state college. This was in 1962 at Emerson High School in Union City, New Jersey. Well, 53 years have passed, and what have I done with the knowledge he gave me? I gained a PhD from Fordham University when I was only 29. I taught English and social studies and then moved up the chain of command from teacher to principal. I've sat on the board for Magnet Schools of America and represented that organization at the United Nations. I've won a number of great educational awards. But where would I be if a truly caring teacher had not taken the time out of his lunch period to speak to me? It was without question only his confidence in me that helped me forward. I have repaid his kindness hundreds of times by encouraging misguided youngsters to aim higher. If I have saved any children, it is because of him. If I have been a successful educator, it is because I had a great role model in Mr. Bachmann. 4. The writer ________ before Mr. Bachmann talked to him. A. was an active boy B. liked making troubles in class
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C. was an aimless boy D. would get punished by his teachers 5. Which of the following best describes Mr. Bachmann? A. Fair. B. Confident. C. Inspiring. D. Humorous. 6. How did Mr. Bachmann influence the writer? A. He set the writer on the right path. B. He tried to set a good example to the writer. C. He was strict with the writer. D. He helped the writer with his study. 7. What does the writer think of his achievement? A. He is very proud of himself. B. He feels his effort gets paid off at last. C. He owes his achievement to Mr. Bachmann. D. He thinks it an honor to be a successful educator. C See a cellphone cover that you like on Taobao? Forget about placing an order, paying the bill online and waiting for days for it to be delivered to you. In the near future, you'll be able to get it in minutes just by hitting “print” on your computer. You might find it hard to believe that you could actually “print” an object like you would a picture. But it is not that hard to understand how it would work. Just as a traditional printer sprays ink onto paper line by line, modern 3D printers spread material onto a surface layer by layer, from the bottom to the top, gradually building up a shape. Instead of ink, the materials the 3D printer uses are mainly plastic, resin and certain metals. The thinner each layer is—from a millimetre to less than the width of a hair—the smoother and finer the object will be. This may sound like a completely new technology, but the truth is that 3D printing has been around since the late 1980s. Back then, it was barely affordable for most people, so few knew about it. Last year, though, saw a big change in the 3D printing industry—printers became much cheaper. For example, 10 years ago a desktop 3D printer might have cost £20,000, while now they cost only about £1,000, according to the BBC. Taken out of the factory and introduced to more diverse and common uses, 3D printing can create just about anything you can think of—flutes , bikinis, jewelry, aircraft parts and even human organs. In fact, scientists from Cornell University in New York have just made an artificial ear using a 3D printer, according to Science Daily. The fake ear looks and acts exactly like a natural one. However, as 3D printing becomes more common, it may bring about certain problems—such as piracy. “Once you can download a coffee maker, or print out a new set of kitchen utensils on your personal 3D printer, who will visit a retail store again?” an expert in 3D printing told Forbes
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News. Even more frightening, what if anyone in the world could use a 3D printer to print out a fully functioning gun? 8. According to the article, in the future, the 3D printing technology will _______. A. enable people to make better purchases online B. change the way we make many products C. be applied as widely in our daily life as computers D. shorten the time it takes for people to get what they buy online 9. What happened in the 3D printing industry last year? A. The 3D printing technology was taken out of the factory. B. The 3D printing technology began to be used in various fields. C. The 3D printer was used for medical treatment for the first time. D. The 3D printer became more affordable for consumers. 10. How is the last paragraph developed? A. By giving examples. B. By making comparisons. C. By analyzing the cause and effect. D. By presenting research findings. 11. What is the best title of the passage? A. Great Demand for 3D Printers B. Technology in the Future C. Online Shopping Disappearing D. Printing out Everything D Whether or not to go to university will probably be the biggest educational decision you ever make. After battling with student finance, deciding whether or not to take a year out can be as terrifying as deciding where to move to for the three years. Some students will have planned their year out for months, but, for others, slipped grades may force a gap year (间隔年) , either to retake exams or to apply to different universities. Others might just need time to think. Thankfully, for U.K. students, taking a gap year remains a good option and it can be one of the most productive and fulfilling years of their life. Whether you’ve planned and budgeted for a year abroad, or have made a last-minute decision to delay your first year, the options are endless. Traveling, volunteering and so on are all there for the talking. With so many things on offer, it’s important to remember that 12 months won’t be enough time to do all of them, so decide early and work towards making whatever you want to do a reality. Researching a gap year is exciting, and often the place to start is at home. Family and friends can be a great source of inspiration. Your school or college might be fully equipped to advise you on what to do when further education is on hold. Don’t underestimate(低估)the power of the Internet, either. Typing a “gap year” into a search engine might seem too obvious, but planning to travel around the world for months on your own is not appropriate. To stay at home or go abroad is likely to be the first question you consider, but in this era of budget flights, doing both is practicable. A European inter-rail ticket(火车票)can be as little as

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£ 159. For those loving traveling, they must be on the special watchfulness for tricks in the process. Agencies can organize your year abroad for you, and often, it is more effective to make the bookings through the agencies. But flights and other forms of transport within Asia and America are much cheaper when bought in the countries rather than bought in advance. 12. According to Paragraph 2, why do some students have to take a gap year? A. Because they are faced with financial problems. B. Because they dislike what they are learning . C. Because they haven’t got satisfying grades. D. Because they intend to hang out for a year. 13. The underline words “on hold” in Paragraph 4 mean “________”. A. taken in B. put off C. given up D. turned out 14. What can we learn from the last paragraph? A. Few students can afford to go abroad. B. Traveling around Europe costs nothing. C. It’s better to go to Asia and south America. D. Travelers should make sure they aren’t cheated. 15. The author’s attitude towards a gap year may best described as__________ A. supportive B. negative C. defensive D. sensitive 第二节 (共 5 小题, 每小题 2 分, 满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项 , 选项中有两项为多 余选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 Creating a good study environment takes a little planning. It is well worth the time as the end result will be much productive study time. Many people fail to do this and wonder why they cannot concentrate. After a couple of times of studying the right way, most people will be surprised at how much they can actually enjoy studying.16________ Know that concentration is the key. Reduce every possible distraction. Turn off the television and go in an area where you will not be interrupted by people. 17______ If you are studying on your computer,don't get distracted by emails and social networking sites. 18_______. If it is too dim(暗), your eyes will be strained and leave you tired and wanting to close your eyes. Sun is a light that naturally wakes you up and helps you think. Choose a comfortable seat. 19_______ Now a couch can work just fine for this as long as you don't find yourself laying flat after a few minutes. The whole point of studying is to be able to concentrate on the study matter and not on a sore back. 20_______ Now this is for the person who needs the background noise to tone out all the little noises of life going on. If you find yourself thinking about the song then maybe silence is better for you.

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Keep something to drink and snack on close by to keep your blood sugar stable. Obviously sugary foods will give you a quick rush but you will also have a quick low afterward. A. Learn more to make study environment different. B. Turn on some music. C. If you can, turn off your cell phone. D. Find a place that is proper to read. E. It should have a good back support and a good feeling. F. Some people can study with lots of activities going on. G. Read on to learn how to create a good study environment. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C, D)中,选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 On an airplane as she was flying across the United States, Dr. Jane Goodall noticed a woman 21_____because she’d been up at two in the morning trying to 22_____ the water. Her young daughter was in an environmental group at school and her daughter’s passion had turned to making sure her 23____was eco-friendly. They were staying at the house of the woman’s brother the night 24____her trip, and in the middle of the night her daughter woke up to the 25_____of a dripping faucet. The daughter asked for 26_____ turning it off as the faucet handle was 27______. The only way to 28_____the leak was to dig to the pipe in the front lawn to find the main valve to turn the water off,and her daughter wouldn’t go to sleep until the leak stopped. So at two in the morning 29_____ in the family was out in the yard helping to 30____ to turn off the water. Young people have much more 31____ to start and accomplish changes than what 32_____may believe. When children make a change in their lives, families are 33_____ along to become environmentally friendly. The story also shows that 34_____actions can have a big impact. We 35____to think about 36_____events like Clean and Green Week. Instead, a lot of small changes can make a (n) 37____. If hundreds or thousands of students 38____ their families to turn off the tap to save water, move the air conditioning temperature 39_____a degree or two in summer, drive less and make other environmentally-friendly changes, the 40_____family may change its behaviors. 21. A. exhausted B. delighted C. sad 22. A. turn on 23. A. mother 24. A. after 25. A. sound 26. A. advice 27. A. opened B. turn off B. family B. on B. voice B. pleasure B. thrown C . school C. during C. rhyme C. help C. dropped
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D. angry D. group D. before D. music D. trouble D. broken

C. take along D. bring along

28. A. stop 29. A. someone 30. A. fix 31. A. power 32. A. officials 33. A. saved 34. A. important 35. A. plan 36. A. new 37. A. living 38. A. want 39. A. off 40.A. rich

B. prevent B. anyone B. dig B. time B. teenagers B. praised B. small B. tend B. traditional B. difference B. allow B. away B. large

C. hold C. everyone C. mend C. energy C. teachers C . seated C. attempt C. big C. effort C. convince C. down C. entire 第 II 卷

D. cut D. no one D. fit D. wisdom D. adults D. dragged D. mean D. social D. fortune D. force D. up D. ordinary

C. unnecessary D. influential

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,根据上下文在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确 形式。请将答案填写在答题卷的相应位置上。 Mike was dying to apply for a new job, but he was unconfident of himself, for he thought of himself as a 41____(fail) and unworthy of success. He believed that the other applicants were better and more 42____(qualify) than him. Mike’s mind was occupied with negative thoughts and fears concerning 43_____job. When the day for the interview 44______(come), he got up late and went to the interview hurriedly, in dirty clothes and with messy hair. He was unsure of getting the job. It so happened that Jim was competing for the job, too, but he approached the matter in a 45_____(complete) different way. Before the interview, he had made full preparations for everything needed. He dressed himself decently and behaved properly in the interview, 46_____(leave) a favorable impression on the interviewer. Expectedly, Jim 47____ ( inform) that he got the job eventually. Remember: Sometimes your appearance is a mirror, 48_____reflects your quality in a way. Also, your state of mind counts. People with positive attitude are more likely 49______(succeed) than 50_____with negative attitude. 第三部分 写作(共两节 满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增 加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(?),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
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注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Good morning, everyone. It’s great honor for me to speak here. My name is Li Xiang, born in a harmonious family. My father and mother are all high school teachers. Influenced by them,I read widely during my early age, but I’ve developed a great interest in arts and sports. I’m easy-going, getting along well with my classmates. It is this personality which helps me win over the friendship of all my classmates, and also help me overcome many difficulties both in academic and personal life. Being admitted in your university has always been a beautiful dream for me. I dream constantly that I, along with mine classmates, will study happy with the help of the respectable professors. I dream that I will swim freely in the sea,enjoy the waves of knowledge. I hope all my dream will come true in the near future. Thank you. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是李华,你校即将举行一年一度的“校园书市 (a campus book fair)”活动, 其目的是给同学们提供一个交换、 利用图书的机会。 请你用英语写信给你的加拿大笔友 Mike, 介绍此次活动的有关情况。内容应包括: 1. 活动目的; 2. 活动内容:买书,卖书,交换图书; 3. 活动意义。 Dear mike, How are you doing these days? ___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua

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答案
1-3 CAC 4-7 CCAC 8-11 BDAD 12-15 CBDA 16-20 GCDEB 21-25 ABBDA 26-30 CDACB 31-35 ADDBB 36-40 CBCDC 41.failure 42 qualified 43 the 44 came 45 completely 46 leaving 47 was informed 50 those
第三部分 写作(共两节 满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的 增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(?),并在其下面写出该加 的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Good morning, everyone. It’s︿great honor for me to speak here. My name is Li a Xiang, born in a harmonious family. My father and mother are all high school Both 或划掉 teachers. Influenced by them,I read widely during my early age, but I’ve developed a and great interest in arts and sports. I’m easy-going, getting along well with my classmates. It is this personality which helps me win over the friendship of all my that classmates, and also help me overcome many difficulties both in academic and helps personal life. Being admitted in your university has always been a beautiful dream for
9

48 which

49 to succeed

to me. I dream constantly that I, along with mine classmates, will study happy with the my happily

help of the respectable professors. I dream that I will swim freely in the sea, enjoy the enjoying waves of knowledge. I hope all my dream will come true in the near future. Thank you. dreams

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