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必修4


A SONG
?

?

? ?

---By John Lennon Love is real; real is love. Love is feeling feeling ________ love. wanting ________; Love is ________ to be loved. Love is touch; touch is love. Love is ________; reaching ________ reaching love. Love is ________ asking to be loved. Love is you, you and me. Love is ________ knowing we can be. Love is free; free is love. Love is leaving needing ________; Love is leaving ________ love. ________ to be loved.

LOVE

Unit2 Grammar

The –ing form as the
Subject , Object

1.

Singing

is his hobby.(唱歌)

2. Doing exercise is the best way to lose weight.(做运动)

3. Playing computer gamesis a waste of time.(玩电脑游戏)

Driving too fastis dangerous. 4. (开车开得太快)

Common?
Singing is my hobby.

Doing exercise is a good way to lose weight.
Playing computer games is a waste of time. Driving too fast is dangerous.

1. 动词-ing 作主语。 2. 谓语动词用 单数 。

一、动词-ing形式作主语
1. 动词-ing形式作主语表示经常的、习惯 单数 : 性的动作, 谓语动词用_______ 对他说话等于对牛弹琴。(talk) Talking to him is talking to a wall. <谚语>空谈无济于事。(talk)
Talking mends no holes.

Please rewrite the sentences following the example.(Page 12 Ex. 2)
? 1. ? 2. ? 3.

Helping people in need of help is nice. Growing super hybrid rice is not easy. Learning more about farming is not difficult. ? 4. Doing research in the countryside is not as easy as in the city. ? 5. Getting rid of hunger is very important in some African countries. ? 6. Explaining this again is important or we will get confused.

2.用形式主语it,把真正的主语——动名词结构移置句尾。 但这种句子形式有一定的限制,作表语的只能是某些 形容词或少数名词,如useful,useless,good,fun; no use,worthwhile等。如:

和夏洛克争辩是没有 什么用的。 It is useless trying to argue with Shylock.

归纳: 常用-ing形式作主语的句型有: ? It +be +a waste of time doing 做……是浪费时间的 ? It is/was no good/use/fun doing 做……是没用处的 ? It is/was useless/useful doing 做……是无用的、有用的 ? It is/was worth/worthwhile doing 做……是值得的

There is/was no sense in doing
做…没有道理

There is/was no use doing
干…无意义

There is/was no point doing
干…无意义
There is no doing 无法……; 不允许……

There is no point doing such a silly thing.



it is/was + no use/good+ doing sth 做……是没用处的



It is/was worth/worthwhile doing 做……是值得的
? It

is worth/worthwhile

. (这部是电影值得看的) ? It is hardly/not worth/worthwhile seeing the movie. (这部是电影不值得看的 )

seeing the movie



It +is/was +a waste of time doing 做……是浪费时间的

It is a waste of time playing computer games . (玩电脑游戏)



There is no doing...无法??

There is no knowing
what will happen between them. (无法知道)

It’s no need doing …. 做… 是没益处/没用/ 没必要的 There is no need to do sth 干· · · · · · 没必要 It’s no use waiting here. It is no need telling her the news. to tell There is no need ________ her the news.

根据汉语提示, 完成句子。 1. (像这样谈话没有用。) is no use _____________ talking like this . It Talking like this is no use.

2. _____________ Reading aloud (大声朗读) in the library is a bad habit.

-What do you think made Mary so upset? -__________ her new bicycle. A. As she lost C. Losing B. Lost D. Because of losing

完整答句:Losing her new bicycle made Mary very upset.

李阳疯狂句子
? ______________ Going to school (上学)is

boring. ? ______________ Going to work (上班)is even more boring. Having money (有钱)and ? ______________ Doing nothing (不做事)are my ______________ dream.

V-ing 做宾语
speaking 1.We should often practise _____________(speak) English every day.

2.He devoted his life to _____________(study) devoting automic theory.
to find 3.He hopes ______________ (find) a job soon.

4.Miss the bus means ___________(wait) for waiting another two hours.
repairing/to be repaired 5.The bike needs ____________(repair)

二、动词-ing形式作宾语 1. 有些动词如admit, avoid, consider, escape, deny, risk, suggest等后能接 动词-ing形式作宾语,而不能接动 词不定式。如: We’re considering paying a visit to the Science Museum.

1.只接v-ing作宾语的常见动词
太多了,怎么记呀?
avoid, miss, put off; advise, finish, practise; enjoy, imagine, can’t help; admit, deny, envy; escape, risk, excuse; stand, keep, mind.
避免错过(少)延期; 建议完成多练习; 喜欢想象禁不住; 承认否认与妒忌; 逃避冒险莫原谅; 忍受保持(不)介意.

2. 只接v-ing作宾语的常见动词短语
insist on, object to, be good at,

lead to, put off, give up, feel like,
look forward to, devote to, be worth,

devote to, get used to,pay attention to

go on doing go on to do

继续做原来做的事 接着做另一件事

mean doing 意味着要做某事
mean to do 想要做某事 stop doing 停止做某事

stop to do 停下来(别的事)

try doing try to do

试着做某事 努力做某事 习惯于做某事

be used to doing

be used to do

被用来做某事
禁不住做某事

can't help doing

can't help to do

不能帮助做某事

4. need/want/require/deserve doing sth.
=need/want/require/deserve to be done. Eg. My hair needs cutting.
My hair needs to be cut.

I heard the couplessinging _______ in the next

room. (sing)

Combine the two sentences by using “v-ing”

The train is passing by. We can watch the trai

We can watch the train passing by every day.

Exercise
1. It took the workmen only two hours to finish _______ my car. A. repairing C. to repair B. repair D. repaired

2. Have you forgotten ___$1000 from me last month? Will you please remember ____ it tomorrow? A. borrowing; to bring B. to borrow; bring

C. borrowed; bringing
D. borrowing; bringing

3. The classroom wants _____. A. clean C. to clean for us. A. to wait B. wait B. cleaned D. cleaning

4. Jack said that he wouldn't mind __

C. waiting

D. waited

5. My brother keeps ___ me with my work. A. to help B. help C. helping D. helped 6. We should often practise ___ English with each other. A. to speak B. spoke C. speak D. speaking

7. Keep on ____ and you will succeed.

A. a try
C. triing A. he should go C. his going

B. try
D. trying B. he go D. him to go

8. His parents insist on ___ to college.

9. The story was so funny that we ___. A. couldn’t help laugh

B. can’t but laugh
C. couldn’t help laughing

D. couldn’t help but to laugh

10. Though it sounds a bit too dear ( 昂贵), it is worth ______. A. being bought B. buying C. to buy D. buying it 11. He devoted his life to _____ the atomic theory. A. study B. be studied C. studying D. have studied

Thanks for joining us!

高考链接
1.____ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river. A. Having suffered B. Suffering C. That D. Suffered
精析:根据句意“it may now be too late to …” 和 “already”可知“河流已经被严重污染”, 应用完成时。答案A。

2. ____ the general state of his health, it may take him a while to recover from the operation. A. Given C. Giving B. To give D. Having given

解析: 本题考查过去分词作状语的用法。 分析题干, 前一部分相当于一个条件状语从句, 即If he is given …, 因为主句是 it, 从句应含 被动意义, 这恰是过去分词作状语的基本含义 即含被动意义。答案 A。

3. The picture ____ on the wall is painted by my niece. A. having hung B. hanging C. hangs D. being hung

解析: 分析题目可知, 谓语是is painted, 那么选项部分 应是充当定语的。A项是现在分词的完成式, 其一般 不作定语, 只作时间或原因状语; C项动词“第三人称 单数”显然也不能作定语, 只作谓语; 分析 the picture 与动作hang之间的关系, 其不含被动意义, D项排除; B项是现在分词的一般式, 相当于定语从句which
is hanging。答案B。

4. — Let's have a rest. — Not now.I don't want to stop __________ yet. D A. study C. for studying B. to study D. studying

解析: stop studying 意为“停止学习”。

5. — Let me tell you something about the journalists. B — Don’t you remember ________ me the story yesterday? A. told B. telling C. to tell D. to have told 解析: remember telling me 意为 “记得曾经告诉过我”。

考考你
1. — What made you so upset? — _____ A two tickets to the pop music concert. A. Losing B. Because of losing C. To lose D. Because I had lost 2. I can't imagine _______ that with them D A. do B. to do C. being done D. doing

3. He got well-prepared for the job interview, for he couldn’t risk ____ B the good opportunity. A. to lose B. losing C. to be lost D. being lost 4. ___ D is forbidden inside the park. A. To cycle B. We cycle C. Anyone cycles D. Cycling

C with Jane in the same 5. I can’t stand ___ office. She just refuses ___ talking while she works. A. working; stopping B. to work; stopping C. working; to stop D. to work; to stop 6. The old lady needs ____. C A. look after B. to look after C. looking after D. being looked after

Complete these sentences:
1. If you can keep ________(read) reading English newspapers, your English will be improved. to come 2. He has promised __________(come) to my birthday party. telling/to tell 3. I hate _________________(tell) lies! going 4. I will never forget __________(go) to Beijing with him last summer. to tell I forgot ________(tell) her the news; so she knew nothing about it.

Translation 1.出国旅行是很激动人心的。
Travelling abroad is very exciting. 2 在这儿等是没用的, 我们走吧。 It’s no use waiting here. Let’s go. 3 我记得在哪里见过他。 I remember seeing her somewhere.

4 我后悔没听你的劝告。
I regret not following your advice.

5 帮助别人就是帮助你自己。

Helping others means helping yourself.

It’s a waste of time talking about such a useless thing. 谈论这样无用的事情简直是浪费时间。 It’s dangerous swimming in the sea on windy days. 有风的天气在海里游泳是危险的。 It is worthwhile discussing the question. 这个问题值得讨论。

动名词的构成:
时态 语态 主动式 被动式 一般时 (not) v-ing (not) being+done 完成时 (not) having+ done (not)having+ been+done

Excersice
1. It took the workmen only two hours to finish _______ my car. A. repairing C. to repair B. repair D. repaired

2. Have you forgotten ___$1000 from me last month? Will you please remember

____ it tomorrow?
A. borrowing; to bring B. to borrow; bring C. borrowed; bringing D. borrowing; bringing

3. The classroom wants _____.

A. clean
C. to clean

B. cleaned
D. cleaning

4. Jack said that he wouldn't mind __ for us. A. to wait C. waiting B. wait D. waited

5. My brother keeps ___ me with my work. A. to help B. help C. helping D. helped

6. We should often practise ___ English with each other. A. to speak B. spoke C. speak D. speaking

7. Keep on ____ and you will succeed. A. a try B. try

C. triing

D. trying

8. His parents insist on ___ to college. A. he should go C. his going B. he go D. him to go

9. The story was so funny that we ___. A. couldn’t help laugh B. can’t but laugh

C. couldn’t help laughing
D. couldn’t help but to laugh

10. Though it sounds a bit too dear (昂贵 ), it is worth ______. A. being bought B. buying C. to buy D. buying it

11. He devoted his life to _____ the atomic theory. A. study B. be studied C. studying D. have studied

12. We are both looking forward to __ next week.

A. going on vocation(休假)
B. go on vocation C. be going on vocation D. have gone on vocation

13. You must pay attention to ___ the works of Lu Xun. A. read B. reading C. reader D. be read 14. You should work tonight instead of _____ TV. A. to watch B. you watching C. you watch D. watching

15. The microscope is used for__ minute (

微小的) objects.
A. examining
C. examined

B. being examined
D. examine

16. Mike has got used ___ up late at night. A. to stay C. to staying B. stayed D. staying

17. Once the heart stops _____, death follows at once. A. beating B. to beat C. being beaten D. to be beating

18. We are now busy _____ for the examination. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. being prepared

19. I remembered ____ this person somewhere before.

A. seeing
C. seen

B. having been seen
D. to see

20. I regret ____ that to her. A. having said C. to say B. to have said D. said

21. The patient must be separated to

avoid (避免) ____ others.
A. being infected(感染) B. infecting C. to infect D. infected

22.Your clothes need ______.

A. washed
C. to wash

B. to be washed
D. being washed

23. _____ provides us with essential nutrients (营养), while ______

provides us with oxygen.
A. To eat; breathing

B. Eating; to breathe
C. Eating; breathing D. Eaten; breathed

24. You can’t imagine what difficulty we had ______ home in the snowstorm. (辽宁2007) A. walked B. walk C. to walk D. walking
25. Having been ill in bed for nearly a month, he had a hard time ______ the exam. (福建2004) A. pass B. to pass C. passed D. passing

26. —Can I smoke here? —Sorry. We don’t allow ______ here. ( 江苏2007) A. people smoking B. people smoke C. to smoke D. smoking

27. It is difficult to imagine his ______ the decision without any consideration. (陕西2006) A. accept B. accepting C. to accept D. accepted


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