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2高一英语必修四第一单元基础练习题-2


必修四第一单元基础练习 二.根据各题括号中所给的汉语意思,用正确的单词或短语填空。 (每空 1 分,共 30 分) 。 1. We ______(争论) about the matter for as long as two hours without any result. 2. It’s very ___________(考虑周到的)of you to meet me at the airport. 3. Jim insisted that he had no _______(联系)with the failure of the experiment. 4. The Red Cross started up the__________(运动;活动)to fight AIDS and care for those victims. 5. Such is Albert Einstein, a simple man of great _________(成就)。 6. He _________(打算)to study abroad next year. 7. Some animals usually __________(举动)strangely before an earthquake happens. 8. They _____________________(过着简朴的生活)in the countryside. 9. Mother Teresa won our great _________(尊敬)for her charity activities. 10. We must try to _________(观察)things carefully. 11. I _____________(偶遇)him yesterday. 12. We’ll ___________(继续展开)our conversation tomorrow. 13. Teachers should combine education with ______(娱乐),which allows students to learn in a relaxing atmosphere. 14. In those days, women who worked outside were ________(瞧不起). 15. His brave deeds ________(鼓舞)all of us. 16. With the _______(支持)of all the society, children in those poor mountain areas managed to attend school. 17. The speaker constantly__________(参看)his notes while giving the speech. 18. I find delivering milk in the morning a _________(值得的)job, because I can enjoy fresh air as well as get reasonably paid. 19. Taking his age into___________(考虑),the child has done enough to support his family 20 The American President will ________ (发表) an important speech on human rights. 21. UN is an international o__________ . 22. He d_________ all his life to teaching in a faraway village. 23. Lin Qiaozhi is a s ____________ in women’s illnesses. 24. He has to work day and night because he has a large family to s__________. 25. The little boy is m_________ 26. Animal rights activities call on people all over the world to r________ the life of animals. 27. Her speech has i_________ all women to fight for equal rights. 28. They didn’t agree with each other and a_________ about this problem for a long time. 29. Tom b_________ so badly in college that he was sent down and never got his degree. 30. Typhoon Saomei (桑美) _________ (袭击) the city of Wenzhou and caused great damage.

1.A bird lays eggs in the ____(巢).
20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 2.The agreement strengthened the _____(联系) between the two countries. 3.She is so ____(直言的) that she has hurt the feelings of al her friends. 4.She had a happy ___(童年). 5.Their ___ (举止)towards me shows that they do not like me. 6.Television provides knowledge as well as ___(娱乐)。 7.My grandparents are l______ a happy life in the countryside. 8. I went to see a s____ who found I had too little sugar in my blood. 9The example set by the teacher will i____ us to work still harder. 10.I hope you will s___ me in my decision. 11.Don’t a___ with me, for I won’t change my decision. 12.It cost me a lot to travel around the world , but it was really ____(值得的), for it broadened my view.
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31. 13.He is such an experienced teacher that everyone ___ (尊敬)him. 32. 14.It is ____(考虑周到)of you not to make any noise while hthe others are hacing a rest. 33. 15. It was late ,but the ___ (观众)was increasing. 三.单项填空(每个 2 分,共 30 分) 1. China has ____ great success in IT and medicine fields. Which of the following is WRONG? A achieved B gained C won D completed 2, I felt a great sense of ______ when I reached the top of the mountain. A success B achievement C attempt D entertainment 3,Many experiments have been done to _____ their purpose. A prove B achieve C reach D make 4,Don’t ______ with each other over such useless things. That is of no use to you two. A argue B say C discuss D communicate 5,The students were all_____ after they heard the ______story. A inspired; inspiring B inspired ; inspired C inspiring; inspired D inspiring; inspiring 6,It is often said that teachers lead ____ very easy life. A an B a C the; D\ 7. The lawyer was so kind that he devoted all his spare time he had ______ the disabled. A. to helping B. helped C. helping D. to help 8. Only by shouting at the top of his voice . A. he was able to make himself hear B. he was able to make himself heard C. was he able to make himself hear D. was he able to make himself heard 9. Parents should educate their children to well while attending a party. A. celebrate B observe C. accept D. behave 10.It is ______ the trouble to explain a job fully to new employees. A. worthy taking B. worthwhile taking C worth to take D. worthy of taking 11. After his vacation he was in fine _______both physically and mentally. A. state B. condition C. position D. situation 12. Pets ________ a member in families for most of the citizens. A. are considering being B. considered being C. considering to be D. are considered to be 13. I wish those boys wouldn't ______ like that, it's very annoying. A. carry out B. carry off C. carry on D carry through 14. The teacher asked us not to______ ours books or dictionaries when we are in the exam. A. refer to B. look up C. take up D. contribute to 15.It is ______of you to prepare a good meal and warm beds for us after such a tiring trip. A considerable B considerate C generous D modest 四.语法填空,每题 1.5 分,共 15 分 The Internet as become part of young people’s life. 1_________ report shows that 38% of students often use the Internet . Most of them get 2__________ (use) information on the Internet 3_________ use the Internet to help in their studies. But many students don’t use it 4_________ a good way. Some play games too much, some visit websites 5_________ shouldn’t look at. So bad things may happen 6_________ students spend too much time on the Internet. 7_________ is important for students to use the Internet properly. Now we have a textbook, 8_________ uses many examples to teach students some good ways to use the Internet. It gives useful advice. Some students also make 9_________ on the Internet. But if you want to have a face-to-face 10____________ (meet) with your online friends, let your parents know and meet in a proper place.

高一英语必修四复习练习 Unit1
一.重点单词

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1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 11 12

13 14 15 16 二.重点短语 1 把……奉献给 2 人类 3 离开,启程,出发 4 / / / 过着……的生活 5 涌上心头,涌入脑海 6 / 蔑视,瞧不起 7 查阅,参考,谈到 8 碰巧,凑巧 9 偶遇,碰见 10 继续,坚持 三.单词拼写 1. I’ve a_________ only half of what I’d hoped to do. 2. You can go out on c__________ that you wear an overcoat. 3. She d__________ all her efforts to her task. 4. The police o__________ the man enter the bank. 5. We a_________ with the waiter about the price of the meal. 6. Will you __________ (支持) me in my campaign for election? 7. He’s involved in the ___________ (组织)of a new club. 8. She was ashamed of her children’s bad ___________ (举止). 9. He fell in the water, much to the ____________ (开心) of the children. 10. Did you __________ (传递) my message to my father? 四.翻译句子 1) ____________________________________________________________. 我本来打算去商店里买鸡蛋的,但是我忘了。(mean) 2)____________________________________________________________. 他老是和妻子为如何花钱而争吵。(argue) 3)_____________________________________________________________. 努力改善这个工厂工人们的劳动条件是值得做的事。(worthwhile; condition) 4)____________________________________________________________. 她的精神鼓舞了许多人将他们一生都奉献给自己的事业。(inspire, devote… to…;career) 5) _____________________________________________________________. 如果你继续那样做,就不可能在这个学科取得很大成就。(behave; achievement) 6) (only) 只有这样;我们才能学好英语。 7) (intend) 昨晚我本打算来你家的,但是下雨了。 8) . 这礼物是送给你的。(intend) 9) 他们总是对钱的问题争论不休 10). . 交通规则应该人人遵守。 五.单项选择 1. Gun control is a subject ________Americans have argued for a long time. A.of which B.with which C.about which D.into which 2. The president spoke at the business meeting for nearly an hour without ________ his notes. A.bringing up B.referring to C.looking for D.trying on 3. Such poets as Shakespeare ________ widely read, of whose works, however, some ________ difficult to understand. A.are;are B.is;is C.are;is D.is;are
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n.成就,功绩→ v.达到,完成,实现 n.专家,专业工作者→ adj.特殊的,专门的 n.连接,关系→ v.连接 n.运动,战役 v.作战,参加运动 v.举止,表现 n.行为,举止 n.阴凉处 v.遮住光线 7 adj.值得的,值得做的 v.观察,观测,遵守 n.观察,观测 v./n.尊敬,尊重,敬意→10 .v.争论,辩论 n.争论,辩论 n.人群,观众 v.挤满,使拥挤→ adj.拥挤的 v.鼓舞,激发 adj.受到鼓舞的,有灵感的→ adj.鼓舞人的→ n.鼓舞,灵感 v& n .支持,拥护→ n.支持者,拥护者 v.计划,打算 n.打算,目的,意图 adj.考虑周到的→ v.考虑,认为→ n 考虑, v.递送,生(小孩) ,接生,发表(演讲等)

4. A poet and artist ________ coming to speak to us about Chinese literature and painting tomorrow afternoon. A.is B.are C.was D.were 5.To his disappointment,the opinion he had referred________ out wrong. A.to turn B.to turning C to turned D.to be turned 6. He has been ________ a happy life since he got the job ________ chance. A.doing;on B.leading;by C.taking;of D.lifting;to 7. If you have no idea how to ________ yourself at table in an English family,you should follow the host. A.enjoy B.make C.help D.behave 8. Only then_____ ___ she had made a mistake.. A.she realized B.did she realize C.she had realized D.had she realized 9. I ________ one of my old friends while doing shopping in a supermarket,whom I hadn't seen for ten years. A.came across B.came about C.came to D.came up 10. The government has lost a great deal of ________ because of the large increase in house price. A.strength B.support C.agreement D.vote 11. Jay Chou is an ________ singer and his ________ songs spread through all the country. A.inspired;inspired B.inspiring;inspired C.inspired;inspiring D.inspiring;inspiring 12. Heads from Asia and Europe attended the conference and President Xi________ a speech on the first day. A.stated B.issued C.addressed D.delivered 13. It is ________ to pay more attention to the education for the children than their clothes. A.worth B.worthy C.worthwhile D.worthless 14. After only half an hour's rest,the woman scientist ________ her research. A.relied on B.carried on C.spied on D.put on 15. —Can I help you? —I want to buy an English story book that is ________ for the senior middle school students. A.used B.read C.devoted D.intended

高一英语必修四复习练习 Unit2

一.重点单词 A:根据提示,写出下面单词的适当形式 1. vt.& vi.斗争;拼搏;努力 2. n. 产量;输出 3. adv. 因此;所以;4. n. 焦点;中心点;vt.集中; 5.. n. 评论;议论 vi.& vt. 6. n.饥饿;欲望→ adj.饥饿的;有欲望的 7. vt.& vi.使变大;伸展→ n.扩大;增加 8. n.总结;摘要;概要→ vt.总结 9. vt.& vi.配备;装备→ n.设备 10. vt.& vi.输出;出口→ vt.& vi.输入;入口;进口 11. n.国籍→ n.国家;民族 adj.国家的;国有的 12. n.工作;职业;占领→ vt.占领 13. vt.使迷惑;使为难→ adj.令人迷惑的 adj.感到迷惑的→ n.迷惑 14. adj.化学的;关于化学的→ n 化学 15. vt.减少;缩减→ n.缩小;减少 二.重点短语 1. 幸亏;由于;因为 2. 摆脱;除去 3. 宁愿;宁可 4. 逐渐增强;建立;开发 5. 使……免受(影响、伤害等 6. 导致;造成(后果) 7. 对……感到满意 8. 集中(注意力、精力等)于 三.单词拼写 1. The company in Nanjing e______ about 20,000 boxes of wine to the UK last year. 2. The bad weather r______ grain harvests in the last couple of years. 3. In order to keep your body healthy, you should take the advice on diet and n______ 4. We should make a s______ of the results of the exam briefly and report to the headmaster. 5. Yuan Long ping has devoted himself to finding ways to raise rice o______ . 6. We had a______ (努力)to stop the criminal. 7. They couldn’t afford to ______ (装备) their laboratories properly because of lack of money. 8. People are ______ (困惑的) about all the different labels on food these days. 9. A ________ (化学的) change takes place in paper when it burns. 10. We must ________ (摆脱)ourselves of these old ideas.
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四.单项选择 1.Dr Sun Yatsen had ________ for the independence of the country and happiness of the people in all his life. A.asked B.longed C.struggled D.waited 2.Everything is good with your composition except that it is a little bit short. Please ________ it. A.explore B.express C.expand D.explain 3.The baby fell________a rock in his walk but he managed to________to his feet. A.over;struggle B.off;run C.over;stand D.off;bring 4.—Robert is indeed a wise man. —Oh,yes.How often I have regretted ________ his advice! A.to take B.taking C.not to take D.not taking 5.That is the only way ________ the overuse of water in students' bathrooms. A.reducing B.to reduce C.reduced D.reduce 6. Have you got any ________ to make on the recent developments? A.impressions B.comments C.reactions D.opinions 7.As is known to us all,success usually________diligence(勤奋) while laziness can________failure. A.results from;lie in B.results in;lead to C.results in;lie in D.results from;lead to 8. George is going to talk about the geography of his country,but I'd rather he ________ more on its culture. A.focus B.focused C.would focus D.had focused 9.________these suggestions will help you become more cooperative and achieve more. A.Followed B.Following C.To follow D.Being followed 10. Your hair wants ________.You'd better have it done now. A.cut B.to cut C.cutting D.being cut 11.With the help of his friends,he has ________ a good business over the years. A.built up B.made up C.grown up D.picked up 12. The government provided coats,quilts,carpets to the school to help ________ the students ________ cold. A.rid;of B.add;up C.set;down D.suffer;from 13. As we all know,people in Brazil produce a large quantity of coffee ________. A.to export B. exported C.for export D.exporting 14. —Do you think an advertisement is a help when you look for a job? —Well,it depends.________,it gives me more of a chance to try. A.However B.Anyway C.Therefore D.Though 15. .—Would you rather ________ there tomorrow? —No,I'd rather he ________ there instead of me. A.to go;will go B.go;went C.go;will go D.going;shall go 五.句子翻译 1 _______________________________________. 不管发生什么事,我将永远不会忘记你。 2 他们得和各种各样的困难作斗争。 3 _______________________________________. 你必须改掉那个坏习惯。 4.________________________________________. 使用这种技术能生产的汽车是过去的两倍.(technology; twice) 5.________________________________________. 接受这项工作意味着住在国外。 6. 我对现状根本不满意。(satisfied; condition)? 7. . 抽烟可能导致肺癌。(lead;cancer) 8. . 她的体重减了 5 公斤(reduce)。 9. 人人都不喜欢被瞧不起。 10. 宁愿走路而不愿乘公共汽车

高一英语必修四复习练习 Unit1 参考答案
一.1 achievement n.成就,功绩→achieve v.达到,完成,实现
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2 specialist n.专家,专业工作者→special adj.特殊的,专门的→specialize vi.专攻,专门从事 3 connection n.连接,关系→connect v.连接 4 campaign n.运动,战役 v.作战,参加运动 5 behave v.举止,表现→behavior n.行为,举止 6 shade n.阴凉处 v.遮住光线 7 worthwhile adj.值得的,值得做的→worth adj.值……,值得……→worthy adj.值得做的,可尊敬的 8 observe v.观察,观测,遵守→observation n.观察,观测 9 respect v./n.尊敬,尊重,敬意→respectable adj.值得尊敬的,正派的,体面地→respectful adj.有礼貌的,恭敬的 10 argue .v.争论,辩论→argument n.争论,辩论 11 crowd n.人群,观众 v.挤满,使拥挤→crowded adj.拥挤的 12 inspire v.鼓舞,激发→inspired adj.受到鼓舞的,有灵感的→inspiring adj.鼓舞人的→inspiration n.鼓舞,灵感 13 support v.支持,拥护→supporter n.支持者,拥护者 14 intend v.计划,打算→intention n.打算,目的,意图 15 considerate adj.考虑周到的→consider v.考虑,认为→consideration n 考虑,体谅→considering prep 考虑到 16 deliver v.递送,生(小孩) ,接生,发表(演讲等)→delivery n.投递,交货,分娩 二.重点短语梳理 1 devote…to 把……奉献给 2 human beings 人类 3 move off 离开,启程,出发 4 lead a…life 过着……的生活 5 crowd in 涌上心头,涌入脑海 6 look down on/ upon 蔑视,瞧不起 7 refer to 查阅,参考,谈到 8 by chance 碰巧,凑巧 9 come across 偶遇,碰见 10 carry on 继续, 三.单词拼写答案 1. achieved 2. condition 3. devoted 4. observed 5. argued 6. support 7. organization 8. behaviour 9. entertainment 10. deliver 四.翻译句子【答案】 1)I had meant to go to the shop to buy eggs, but I forgot it. 2)He is always arguing with his wife about how to spend money. 3)It is worthwhile to improve the working conditions for the workers of this factory. 4)Her spirit inspired many people to devote themselves to their own career. 5)If you go on behaving like that, it will be impossible for you to make any achievements in this field. 6)Only in this way can we learn English better 7)I intended to come to your house last night but it rained. 8)This gift is intended for you.9) We are always arguing with each other about/over/on money. 10).Traffic rules should be observed by everyone/ Everyone should observe traffic rules. 五.单项选择答案 1-5 CBAAC 6-10.BDBAB 11-15.CDCBD 六.短文填词答案 1.. in 2. because 3. lead 4. overcoming 5. easier 6. ways 7. for 8. successful 9. most 10. learned/learnt 高一英语必修四复习练习 Unit2 参考答案 一(略)二.重点短语答案 1 thanks to 幸亏,由于,因为 2 rid…of… 摆脱,除去 3 would rather 宁愿,宁可 4 build up 逐渐增强,建立,开发 5 keep…from/of 使……免受(影响、伤害等) ;使……不含(有害物)6 lead to 导致,造成 7 be satisfied with 对……感到满意 8.focus on 集中(注意力、精力等)于 三.单词拼写【答案】1. exported 2. reduced 3. nutrition 4. summary 5 output 6. struggle 7. equip 8. confused 9.chemical 10. rid 四.单项选择答案 1-5 CCADB 6-10 BDBBC 11-15 AAABB 五. 句子翻译答案 1. Whatever happens, I’ ll never forget you.2 They had to struggle with/against all kinds of difficulties. 3 You must rid yourself of that bad habit.4 Using this technology can produce cars twice as many as before. 5 Accepting the job means living abroad. 6. I am not satisfied with my present condition. 7.Smoking can lead to lung cancer.8.She reduced her weight by 5 kilos. 9.Everyone dislikes being looked down upon 10. I would rather walk than take a bus 六.短文填词答案 86. touch 87.feel 88. various 89. Others 90. First 91. it 92. using 93. which 94.effects 95. tool 参考答案二.1.argued 2.considerate 3. connection 4. campaign 5.achievement 6.intended 7.behave 8.lead a simple life 9.respect 10.observe 11.came across 12.carry on 13.entertainment

14.looked down upon 15.inspired

16support 17. referred to 18.worthwhile 19.consideration 20.deliver

21.Organization 22.devoted 23. specialist 24. support 25.modest 26.respect 27.inspired 28.argued 29.behaved 30.hit 三.1--5 DBBAA 6-10BADDB 11-15BDCAA 5. they 6. if 7. It 8. which 9. friends 10. meeting

四.语法填空.1. A 2. useful 3. and 4. in

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