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2014届高考英语一轮复习方案 作业手册(18) Unit 3 A taste of English humour(含解析) 新人教版必修4


课时作业(十八)

[必修 4

Unit 3 A taste of English humour]

(限时:35 分钟)

Ⅰ.单项填空 1. the bank of the river, found him________on a bench, On we with his eyes______

__on a kite in the sky. A.seated; fixing B.sitting; fixing C.seated; being fixed D.sitting; fixed 2.We sat in silence,________to be together. A.being content B.contenting C.content D.contented 3 . Scientists are convinced________the positive effect of laughter ________physical and mental health. A.of; at B.by; in C.of; on D.on; at 4.It is a great concern that the school is now ________for experienced teachers. A.badly in need B.badly off C.better off D.struggling 5 . Our teacher looked here and there on our playground________looking for something. A.even though B.even if C.as if D.only if 6.Several villages were________from the outside world,for all roads to those villages were destroyed. A.cut up B.cut out C.cut off D.cut through 7.—Have you seen the movie The King's Speech? —No. Who ________ it? A.had directed B.has directed C.directed D.directs 8.The machine has been used many years. It's no wonder that it doesn't work well ________. A.regularly B.constantly C.occasionally D.frequently 9.[2012·山东卷] He smiled politely ________ Mary apologized for her drunken friends. A.as B.if C.unless D.though

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10.As a film star she was a success,but as a wife she was ________failure, so their marriage ended in________failure. A./; / B./; a C.a; a D.a; / 11.Up to now,Moore ________ any films based on his work.People around him all feel puzzled. A.didn't approve of B.doesn't approve of C.won't approve of D.hasn't approved of 12.How many more deaths will it take ________ the authorities of the need to test these drugs? A.convincing B.to be convinced C.being convinced D.to convince 13.Cathy kept the children ________ with stories,songs and drama all day long.The children thoroughly enjoyed themselves. A.entertain B.to entertain C.entertained D.entertaining 14.—How could you ________ your friend so easily? —She is the kind of person who ________ in a crowd. A.pick out; stands out B.make out; stands for C.take out; stands by D.bring out; stands aside 15.—Mom,can I go to the cinema? —No.I'd rather you ________ a quiet night in front of the TV. A.will have B.have C.had D.have had Ⅱ.完形填空 It was my first year teaching in a special needs class, and I wasn't sure what to expect at our yearly Special Olympic sports meeting.My__16__had some challenges, from learning disabilities to cerebral palsy(脑瘫). Mark was one with the latter.Restricted to a__17__, he had to fight his spasms(抽 搐) just to control his movements.__18__, he always had a positive attitude and greeted everyone with a huge smile. His classmates__19__him and always took the time to make sure he was included in group activities, especially Mike, Andy and Lucas, three boys who were good at__20__.Obviously, Mark wanted to be like them, unrestricted by the limitation of his__21__ , and watching them moving on the playing field seemed to fill him with__22__. When the day came, Mike, Andy and Lucas__23__well in their sports events, and gave the normally calm audience something to cheer about.Mark sat in his wheelchair on the sidelines, __24__them on. The final event of the day was the 400?meter race.__25__was invited to either walk or run, according to their ability, around the__26__length of the track. When Mike, Andy and Lucas reached the finish line, they__27__and turned to look behind them.At the__28__of the crowd, determined not to be left behind, was Mark.All his classmates had__29__him.He was alone on the track with over half the distance left to__30__.

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Mike, Andy and Lucas looked at each other, and a silent__31__passed between them.Slowly, they jogged__32__towards their friend, cheering him on__33__he had done for them moments before. The progress was__34__, but in the end the three star runners and Mark crossed the finish line together to the enthusiastic cries of their teachers and classmates.Seeing the look on Mark's face as he crossed the finish line, hands upraised and laughing, I came to understand what__35__the Special Olympics. Years later, I'm still cheering them on. 16.A.students B.friends C.partners D.classmates 17.A.bed B.machine C.desk D.wheelchair 18.A.So B.However C.Otherwise D.Therefore 19.A.protected B.satisfied C.loved D.respected 20.A.expression B.practice C.studies D.sports 21.A.interests B.habits C.body D.mind 22.A.trust B.wonder C.stress D.regret 23.A.placed B.trained C.operated D.prepared 24.A.bringing B.cheering C.holding D.moving 25.A.Someone B.Everyone C.Anybody D.Nobody 26.A.average B.different C.entire D.equal 27.A.fell B.rested C.rushed D.paused 28.A.end B.front C.center D.top 29.A.left B.ignored C.passed D.helped 30.A.run B.jog C.cover D.walk 31.A.demand B.relief C.action D.thought 32.A.back B.along C.again D.on 33.A.while B.although C.since D.as 34.A.slow B.great C.boring D.relaxing 35.A.leaves B.makes C.keeps D.finds Ⅲ.阅读理解 Mental and health experts believe personality plays an important part in how we experience stress. Personality is the way a person acts, feels and thinks. Some people are aggressive and always in a hurry. They often become angry when

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things do not happen the way they planned. They belong to “Type A” personality. Studies suggest that these people often get stress?related disorders. The “Type B” personality is calmer. These people are able to deal with all kinds of situations more easily. As a result, they are less affected by stress. Studies have also shown that men and women deal with stress differently. Women seem to be better able to deal with stress than men are.However, experts say women are three times more likely to develop depression in reaction to the stress in their lives. American writer John Gray became famous for his book, Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus. He notes that men and women have opposite ways of dealing with stress. For a man, the best way is to rest and forget about daily problems. But a woman suffering from stress needs to talk about her problems. Experts say there are several ways to deal with stress, including deep breathing, exercise, eating healthy foods, getting enough rest and balancing the time spent in working and playing.Exercise is one of the most effective stress?reduction measures, as physical changes from exercise make you feel better. In addition, exercise can also improve the body's defense system against disease. Keeping stress to yourself can make problems worse. Experts say that expressing emotions to friends or family members or writing down your feelings can help reduce stress. And they also suggest that people should attempt to accept or change stressful situations whenever possible. 36.According to the experts, ________. A.people respond to stress quite differently B.people make the same response to stress C.unlike women, men tend to feel depressed more easily D.personality has nothing to do with how we experience stress 37.Compared with “Type A” personality, “Type B” personality ________. A.causes more troubles B.is less able to cope with different situations C.is more easily affected by stress D.tends to solve problems more peacefully 38.By saying “Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus”, John Gray means that they ________. A.experience emotions in a different way B.cope with stress in a different way C.suffer from stress in a similar way D.develop stress in the opposite way 39.If you want to reduce your stress, you can ________. A.take some exercise B.keep it to yourself C.remain silent D.ignore the stressful situation Ⅳ.短文填词 It's believed that you can quite easily improve your ability to remember things through practice and exercise. But 40.e________ if you are successful, there are times

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41.________ your memory seems to play tricks on you. Sometimes you remember things 42.________ really did not happen. Take one morning last week as an 43.________. I got up and found that I had 44.l________ the front door unlocked all night, yet I clearly remembered locking it 45.________ ( 仔 细 地 ) the night before. Memory “tricks” work the other way as well. Once in a while you remember 46.________ doing something and then find out that you 47.d________. One day last month I was sitting in a barber shop 48.w________ for my turn to get a haircut, and suddenly I 49.________ (意识到) that I had actually got a haircut two days before. 参考答案 课时作业(十八) Ⅰ.1.D 考查非谓语动词。第一空用 seated 或 sitting 作宾补,第二空处是 with 的复 合结构,由 fix one's eyes on sth 可知应用过去分词 fixed。 2.C 考查形容词作状语。be content to 对??感到满意。contented 为形容词作定语, 意为“满意的”。句意:我们静静地坐着,能在一起感到很满足。 3.C 考查介词用法。convince sb of sth 使某人相信某事。介词 on 可表示“在??方 面”。句意:科学家们相信大笑对于人的身心健康有积极的作用。 4. 考查短语辨析。 项应为 badly in need of sth(非常需要某物); 项意为“缺乏”; B A B C 项意为“较好的;较为宽裕的”;D 项意为“拼搏;挣扎”。句意:这所学校严重缺乏有教 学经验的教师,这引起了很大的关注。 5.C 根据前面的 looked here and there 判断,我们的老师“好像”在找东西,所以 用 as if。 6.C 考查动词短语辨析。A 项意为“切开;切碎”;B 项意为“切掉;删去”;C 项意 为“切断;隔绝”;D 项意为“抄近路”。句意:由于通往村里的道路都被毁掉了,所以有几 个村庄被与外界隔绝开来。 7.C 考查动词的时态。电影《国王的演讲》已经上映,故用一般过去时。 8.C 考查副词辨析。occasionally 偶尔; regularly 定期地; constantly 不断地, 经常地; frequently 频繁地,经常地。句意:这台机器用了好多年了,难怪(它)偶尔运转 不良。 9.A 考查时间状语从句。这里 smile 和 apologize 同时进行,as 意为:当??的时候。 句意:当玛丽为她喝醉的朋友道歉时,他礼貌地微笑着。 10.D failure 表示“失败的人或事”时,是可数名词;表示“失败”时,是不可数名 词。第一空指“失败者”,所以用 a;第二空指“以失败告终”,所以不加冠词。 11.D 由 up to now 可知,此句应该使用现在完成时态。 12.D 本句考查 It takes(sb)sth(to do sth)。原句转换成陈述句语序为:It will take?deaths to convince the authorities of the need to test these drugs.。 13.C 此处考查“keep+宾语+宾语补足语”的结构。the children 与 entertain 之间 为逻辑上的动宾关系,所以要用过去分词作宾语补足语。 14.A 考查动词短语辨析。句意:——你是怎样这么容易就认出你的朋友的?——她是 那种就算是在人群中也很显眼的女孩。pick out 选出,拣出,辨认出;stand out 引人注目, 脱颖而出;stand for 代表,象征;take out 取出,带??出去;stand by 站在??一边, 袖手旁观,支持;stand aside 站开。 15.C 考查虚拟语气。would rather 后通常接不用 that 引导的从句,从句用过去式, 但不表示“过去”,而表示“现在”或“将来”。

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Ⅱ.我的学生都是一些身体残疾或智力有障碍的孩子。Mark 行动不便,在一次学校组织的 残疾人奥林匹克运动会中,Mark 落在最后,他的三个朋友返回去跟 Mark 共同冲向终点。他们 的行为深刻地阐释了残疾人奥运会的真正意义之所在。 16.A 从第一句中的“teaching”一词可以看出作者是一名教师,因此这里是说“我” 的“学生” 。 17.D 从前一句可知 Mark 患脑瘫,行动不便,因此他是被束缚在“轮椅”上。24 空所 在句子中的“wheelchair”是答案提示。 18.B 前一句提到他必须跟自己的身体不便作斗争,本句提到他有积极的态度,前后构 成转折关系,因此选 B。 19.C 联系上下文可知,他积极乐观,因此很受同学们的“喜爱”。 20.D 由 23 空后的“well in their sports events”可知,这三个学生擅长“运动”。 21.C Mark 希望像他们一样,自己不受身体不便的束缚。因此选 body。 22. Mark 基本上不能运动, B 因此在看到别人在运动场上活动时, 他会“惊叹”。 wonder 表示“惊讶,惊叹”。 23.A 上文提到这三个学生擅长体育运动,再由该空后的“gave the normally?cheer about”可知他们在这次的体育比赛中获得了好名次。place 表示“获名次”,符合语境。 24.B 从上一句的“cheer about”以及文章最后一句可知,Mark 坐在轮椅里为他们欢 呼。 25.B 根据下文可知所有的学生都被邀请沿着跑道走或者跑完一圈,因此选 B 项。 26.C entire 表示“完整的”,符合语境。 27.D 当三名学生到达终点的时候,他们停下来,转身看他们后面的同学。pause 停下 来,符合语境。 28.A at the end of 是固定搭配,表示“在??的后面”。 29.C Mark 行动不便,因此所有的同学都超过了他。pass 意思是“经过;通过”。 30.C 只有他自己还剩下一半多的路没走完。cover 行走,符合语境。 31.D 他们三个彼此注视了一下,心里都有了个想法。thought 在此处是名词,表示“想 法” 。 32.A 根据上文可知他们已经到达了终点,因此这里是指他们返回去为 Mark 加油。 33. as 在此处的意思是“正如”。 D 他们为 Mark 加油, 就像 Mark 之前为他们加油一样。 34.A 从后半句的 but 可知,虽然过程很慢,但是最后他们三人跟 Mark 一起冲过了终 点线。 35.B 通过这件事情,“我”明白了什么是残疾人奥运会。make 表示“使成为” 。what 引导宾语从句,在宾语从句中作主语。 Ⅲ.由于人的个性差异,每个人处理压力的方法是不一样的,而且男人和女人在处理压力 方面表现得也不一样。让我们一览文章,去看看这种差别在哪里。 36.A 推理判断题。从文章第一段可知,性格影响人们处理压力的方式,同时第二段提 到了 A 型和 B 型性格的人处理压力的不同方式,第三段提到了男人和女人处理压力的不同方 式,由此可知,专家认为人们处理压力的方式是不同的,因人而异,故答案选 A 项。 37.D 细节理解题。从文章第二段中的最后三句可知,B 型性格的人对待压力时更倾向 于用平和的方式处理,故选 D 项。 38.B 推理判断题。从第三段中的“?men and women have opposite ways of dealing with stress.”可知,John Gray 意在说明男人和女人处理压力所采取的方式是不同的,所以 答案选 B 项。 39.A 细节理解题。从倒数第二段内容可知,处理压力的方法有很多,如深呼吸、锻炼、

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健康的饮食等,A 项是文章提到的方法之一。 Ⅳ.40.even 41.when 42.that 43.example 44.left 45.carefully 46.not 47.did 48.waiting 49.realized

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