茂名市 2016 年第一次高考模拟考试
注意事项： 1. 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。 2. 答题前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号等填写在答题卷相应
的位置。 3. 全部答案在答题卡和答题卷上完成，答在本试卷上无效。 4. 本试卷卷面总分为 120 分，考生最终成绩按总分 135 分进行折算，折算公式： 最终成绩=卷面成绩(总分 120 分)×1.125，四舍五入取整数计分。
第一部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A I am so appreciating my daughters today and all that we learned while we were growing together. I am especially grateful for the activities that centered on kindness and brought joy to us at the same time. At one time we decided to bake bread for the homeless community(社区) on the beach near our home. We took 2 days during each week to bake mini loaves of bread and also took cheese of each person. As this project went on (eventually for more than two years), one of my daughters started having short conversations with each person she gave bread to. Eventually we brought some playing cards and checkers and played with some of the people, too. Soon several of our friends joined us and we began to make full lunches once a week for this community. Years later when I saw one of the previous free lunch receivers, they would come up to me, share a nice memory from that time as well as how much the kindness meant to them and have some friendship with children, too. We had great fun together. Both of my daughters, now grown with kids of their own, still take time to do kind things for others and community service projects and then share that with me. I am grateful for a focus away from self and to find real joy and purpose in being kind. 1. What did the author do? A. She enjoyed the visit from those who had been provided with free lunch. B. She began to communicate with people who received food. C. She baked bread for people around with kindness. D. She purchased and gave out playing cards and checkers alone. 2. We can infer from the passage that ________. A. the author achieved great success due to great efforts B. the author wanted to get appreciation from others C. the author’s generosity can bring her good luck
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D. the author’s daughters were influenced by her behaviors 3. Which of the following best describes the author? A. Selfish. B. Modest. C. Warm-hearted. D. Strong-willed. B The Internet plays a big part in human life. We use it for work and entertainment. We can find new recipes on the Internet or advice on staying healthy. We can even use it to learn a new language and connect with family and friends. As far as the Internet being a part of our lives — well, that train has left the station. This expression means there is no going back to an Internet-free life. But can using the Internet too much be bad for our health? It might be, say researchers. A new study finds that heavy Internet use may be connected to high blood pressure in an unlikely group — teenagers. The study results show that teens who spend at least 14 hours a week online were more likely to have high blood pressure. High blood pressure can cause heart and kidney(肾)disease. It is also closely linked to some forms of dementia(痴呆), a brain disease. Dementia is marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and a reduced ability to reason. The Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, Michigan did the study. 335 young people from 14 to 17 years old participated in it. One hundred and thirty-four of the teens were described as “heavy Internet users.” Researchers found that out of these 134 teens, 26 had high blood pressure. The lead researcher of the study is Andrea Cassidy-Bushrow. In a statement she said, “Using the Internet is part of our daily life but it shouldn’t consume us.” For the purpose of the study, she explains, teens considered heavy Internet users were online on “average 25 hours a week.” Ms. Cassidy-Bushrow adds that it is important for teens to take “regular breaks from their computers or smartphones” and to do some “kind of physical activity.” 4. Which of the following statements is closest in the meaning to the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2? A. The train has stopped at the wrong station. B. There is something wrong with the train. C. Life without the Internet is nowhere to be found. D. The train has changed its course. 5. If a person suffers from Dementia, he ________. A. will remember everything clearly B. will change his character C. will develop a brain cancer D. can do analysis accurately 6. What is the percentage of young “heavy Internet users” with high blood pressure? A. 26%. B. 14%. C. 25%. D. 19%. 7. Which of the following is the best title of the passage? A. The Internet Does Harm to the Study. B. Too Much Internet May Be Bad for Teenagers. C. We Should Stop Using the Internet. .
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D. High Blood Pressure Is around the Corner. C A man thirsts for adventure. Often the journey is the destination itself, and you can learn a lot from a brief adventure into the wild. Here are four types of outdoor adventures that every man should attempt to take. 1. The Ascent(登高) Mountain climbing and backpacking is one way to truly test your limits. It’s a test of mental and physical strength. Besides, it often requires months of preparation. There are plentiful famous mountains notable for being extremely challenging for even the most dedicated climbers. The one thing they all have in common is that they attract a certain type of a person: one with a desire to defeat nature. 2. The Solo(单独的) Trip Going out into the wild, alone, is one of the scariest things a lot of people could ever imagine. If you take proper precautions, a solo trip can be a very freeing and rewarding experience. Particularly if you have some heavy things going on in your life — perhaps a failing relationship, switching careers, or financial conflict — getting away from everyone and everything can put you in tune with nature, and with yourself. 3. The Open Ocean Whether you find yourself in a kayak(皮船), sailboat, or any other kind of water boat, getting out on the water arouses some very special feelings. Nothing quite compares to having a gentle wind in your face, as you stare out at the vast and glassy expanse of the open water. 4. Endurance(耐力) Challenge This is when you’re serious about putting your life on hold, and getting away from it all. Endurance, in this case, can mean a number of things. Trips like this can last months, and include thousands of miles. But they will test every fiber of your being — psychologically, you’ll be in constant battle. Physically, you’ll be tired and hungry almost all the time. And all of those things make these types of adventures the extreme test of will. You can climb mountains, deserts, rivers and lakes. 8. What is the common point of the well-known challenging mountains? A. They appeal to people who are eager to overcome nature. B. They are beautiful enough to attract visitors. C. They are suitable for those who are experienced. D. They draw the attention of people who are well-prepared.. 9. A person is likely to choose a solo trip when he ________. A. has a stable job B. makes a big fortune C. succeeds in finishing a difficult task D. has trouble in dealing with the relationship
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10. What can be regarded as an endurance challenge? A. A bike ride across the United States. B. A short trip to the countryside. C. A relaxing walk around a park. D. A pleasant return to nature. 11. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To appeal to more people to take adventures. B. To introduce four types of outdoor adventures. C. To compare four types of outdoor adventures. D. To present the difficulties of four types of outdoor adventures. D Unable to turn its fortunes around, Yahoo is reportedly thinking about selling its pioneering Internet business. The Wall Street Journal reported on Tuesday that Yahoo’s board will meet several times this week, during which the company’s directors will consider whether to sell Yahoo’s profitable share in Alibaba, the company’s core ( 核心 ) Internet business, or both. A spokesman for Yahoo did not immediately respond to a request for comment. Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer has struggled to reverse Yahoo’s years-long decline in sales. The Internet portal’s(门户网站的) bread-and-butter advertising business has recently been surpassed(超越) by Google and Facebook, and the gap between them is only widening. The company has gone through many attempts at a reform over the past decade, choosing to get rid of its once leading search business, then deciding to focus on its media capitals, then putting emphasis on its apps and services — all ending with the same result: Yahoo is failing to take advantage of its massive audience and transform those eyeballs into growing ad sales. Shares of Yahoo have dropped sharply 35% this year. Meanwhile, the bad news keeps piling up for Yahoo. An unfavorable ruling from the IRS means that Yahoo will have to pay taxes when it sells its massive $30 billion share in Alibaba. Activist investor(投资者) group Starboard has asked Yahoo not to sell its Alibaba business and instead look to sell off its core Internet business. It’s unclear what companies or investors might be interested in Yahoo. Microsoft had offered to take over Yahoo for $46 billion in 2008, but Yahoo fought off the deal. Now, Yahoo is worth just over $30 billion. Since that includes the company’s Alibaba and $8.5 billion Yahoo Japan shares, investors have valued Yahoo’s core business as worthless. Yahoo still is one of the most-visited websites in the world. It received 210 million visitors in October, according to comScore, making it the No. 3 site behind Google and Facebook. 12. During the meeting of Yahoo’s board, the directors will discuss ________. A. how they will sell Yahoo’s profitable share in Alibaba B. if they will sell Yahoo’s profitable share in Alibaba C. how much of the company’s core Internet business they will sell
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D. who the company’s core Internet business will be sold to 13. The underlined word “reverse” in Paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to “________”. A. ignore the present situation B. better improve the situation C. turn it into the opposite situation D. predict the future situation 14. According to Paragraphs 4 and 5, what happens to Yahoo? A. Yahoo is faced with continuous difficult circumstances. B. Yahoo doesn’t take its problems seriously. C. Yahoo makes good use of quantities of its audience. D. Yahoo needs to pay taxes if it sells its core Internet business. 15. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Yahoo stressed its apps and services in the beginning. B. Who shows interest in Yahoo is certain at present. C. Yahoo receives the largest number of visitors all the time. D. Yahoo’s value has declined. 第一部分 阅读理解 (共两节，满分 40 分) 1-3. ADC 4-7. CBDB 8-11. ADAB 12-15. BCAD 16-20 CEDBF
第二节 （共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 Recently some American scientists have a useful piece of advice to people in industrialized nations. They say people should eat more of the same kind of food eaten by humans living more than 10, 000 years ago. 16 The scientists say that the human life has changed greatly. Our bodies have not been able to deal with these changes in lifestyle and this has led to new kinds of sicknesses. 17 So they are called “diseases of civilization”. Many cancers and diseases of the blood system are examples of such diseases. Scientists noted that people in both the Old Stone Age and the New Stone Age enjoyed very little alcohol or tobacco, probably none. 18 . However, a change in food is one of the main differences between life in ancient times and that of today. Stone Age people hunted wild animals for their meat, which had much less fat than domestic ones. They ate a lot of fresh wild vegetables and fruits. They did not have milk or any other dairy products, and they made very little use of grains. 19 .We eat six times more salt than our ancestors. We eat more sugar. We eat twice as much fat but only one third as much protein and much less vitamin C. 20 . But scientists say that we would be much healthier if we eat much the same way the ancient people did, cutting the amount of fatty, salty and sweet food. A. Stone Age people lived a simple life. B. But today, we enjoy eating a lot of these. C. In that case, they would live much healthier.
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D. Ancient people also got lots of physical exercise. E. These new sicknesses were not known in ancient times. F. People today probably don’t want to live like our ancestors. G. Modern people used to suffer from “diseases of civilization.” 第二部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入 空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A little girl wanted to become a great pianist, but all she could play on the piano was the 21 little tune, “Chopsticks.” No matter how hard she tried, that was the 22 she could do. After some time her parents decided to 23 for a great pianist to teach her to play 24 . Of course, the little girl was 25 . When the little girl and her parents arrived at the pianist 's house for the first lesson, they were 26 by the servant into the living-room, where they saw a beautiful concert grand 27 piano. Immediately, the little girl 28 over to the piano and began playing “Chopsticks.” Her 29 parents told her to stop, but as she played, the pianist entered the room and 30 the little girl to continue. The pianist then took a 31 on the piano bench next to the little girl, listening to her play. After a moment he began to play 32 her, adding beautiful musical notes. The little girl 33 to play “Chopsticks.” The parents couldn't believe their 34 . They were hearing a 35 piano duet(二重奏) played by their daughter and the pianist, and 36 enough, the central theme of it was still “Chopsticks.” At times you may feel as if you're a nobody and you will never 37 great things. But think of that little girl. All she could play was “Chopsticks.” It was an embarrassment to her 38 . Compared to some people's 39 , your gifts and talents may seem like “Chopsticks”, but if you 40 with others, you will be able to turn them into something beautiful. 21.A.famous 22.A.hardest 23.A. arrange 24.A.cheerfully 25.A. delighted 26.A. led 27.A. violin 28.A. bent 29.A.discouraged 30.A. prohibited 31.A. note 32.A. instead of 33.A. continued 34.A. daughter B. simple B. latest B. hope B. normally B. frightened B. served B. piano B. dashed B.terrified B.commanded B.breath B.ahead of B. intended B. story C. beautiful C. worst C. wait C. properly C.satisfied C. treated C.bench C. thought C.puzzled C. encouraged C. look C. along with C.stopped C. ears
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D. amazing D. best D. shout D. regularly D.opposed D. introduced D. hall D. wandered D. embarrassed D.urged D. seat D. apart from D. preferred D. eyes
35.A. familiar 36.A. strangely 37.A. schedule 38.A.teachers 39.A. abilities 40.A. correspond 21-25.BDACA
B. beautiful B.curiously B. memorize B. parents B. wealth B. consult
C. terrible C. differently C. accomplish C.gifts C. knowledge C. compare
D. similar D. amazingly D. describe D.friends D. achievements D. cooperate 36-40.DCBAD
第 II 卷
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节；满分 55 分） 第二节 (共 10 分；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分)
On my first day of Kindergarten, I was both excited and a little 41 (scare). The large classroom was full of books and toys, two things 42 I loved. But it was also full of 43 (kid) all larger than me. Because my birthday was in late September, I was allowed in at only 4 years old, and this meant that I was bound to be the 44 (small) kid in my class. I think that my Mom sensed I was a little afraid. That was 45 she was always there to pick me up right after school when I could have 46 (easy) rode the bus. I would jump in the front seat next to her and tell her all about my day. Sometimes we would even read a book and wait until all the cars and buses had left before we 47 (drive) home. I treasured those special times when I had my Mom all to 48 (me). I felt so safe and peaceful when we sat in the car together. 49 (begin) the new challenge of school didn’t seem so difficult when I knew that I could talk 50 it with her. Being a tiny, little kid in a big scary world wasn’t so bad either. I knew that my Mom loved me and that was all I needed to be loving, joyful, and strong. 41. scared 42.that/which 43.kids 44.smallest 45.why 46. easily 47.drove 48.myself 49.Beginning/To begin 50.about 第三部分 写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文 中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或 修改。
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增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ )，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Everyone in modern society is familiar to advertisements. Advertising involves every side our daily life and advertisers provide us with a large amount of informations. People get to know the late products and events through advertisements, that makes our life more convenient and colorfully. Meanwhile, various media, such as the radio, the television, the network and the newspaper, make advertising is widespread, attracting the attention of tens of millions of people. Besides, to make a advertisement, a lot of people will have to work together, but a lot of jobs are created. To sum up, with the development of modern society, advertising had become an important business. 参考答案： Everyone in modern society is familiar to advertisements. Advertising involves with every side∧our daily life and advertisers provide us with a large amount of of informations. People get to know the late products and events through information latest advertisements, that makes our life more convenient and colorfully. Meanwhile, which colorful various media, such as the radio, the television, the network and the newspaper, make advertising is widespread, attracting the attention of tens of millions of people. Besides, to make a advertisement, a lot of people will have to work an together, but a lot of jobs are created. so To sum up, with the development of modern society, advertising had become an has important business.
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第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是高中生李华，在家是独生子女，国家开放二孩政策后，你的父母想再生一 个孩子，征求你的意见。恰好你的美国笔友 Peter 来信询问我国的二孩政策。你给他回 一封信，内容要点如下： 1. 简单解释国家二孩政策； 2．得知父母打算生二胎后你的想法； 3．征求 Peter 的看法。 注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯的； 3. 开头语已为你写好，不计入字数。 Dear Peter, I have received your letter and I’m glad to explain to you the two-child policy in China. _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Yours Li Hua
The Chinese government recently plans to change the one-child policy into two-child policy, meaning that every family in China is allowed to have two children. Now my parents have made a decision to give birth to a second child, which worries me a great deal. Tough it is good to have a brother or sister to grow up with, I have to share everything with him or her. Most importantly, what if the love from my parents is totally switched to the new child? As you have a younger sister, did you have similar problems? What’s your opinion about this?
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