英语高二人教版选修 6 第一单元语法教学设计 Unit 1Book6 Art -----Grammar
教师 课题 杨全菊 授课时间 2015 年 2 月 4 日 课时
Step II Discovering structures (25 minutes) task1：if 引导的虚拟语气 Present some
sentences using the “if” subjunctive mood and the students observe the pictures and the conversation then summarize the usage of “If” subjunctive mood. 1 与现在事实相反虚拟
Key point Difficult points
Unit 1 Book 6 Art-----课型 新课 Grammar（Subjunctive mood） 1.Learn about the basic structure of the subjunctive mood. 2.Most students will be able to know how to use the Knowledge and skills subjunctive mood. 3.Students will be able to write some sentences using the subjunctive mood. Feeling attitude and 1.Develop group co-operation. value 2.Stimulate students to love English. help students to understand the basic rules and structures of the “if” subjunctive mood. 1. Develop students ability to use the subjunctive mood effectively in reading and translating. 2. Guide students to write some sentences using the subjunctive mood.
Teaching observation, comparing, summarizing and practicing activities. methods Teaching multimedia and blackboard aids Teaching procedures: Step I Leading-in (3minutes) Greet students as usual, show the conception of Subjunctive mood and show a famous sentence on the PPT. Can you translate the sentences into English? Sentence1：待我长发及腰，少年娶我可好？ The other sentences:如果此时我长发及腰，少年娶我可好？ 如果那时我长发及腰，少年娶我可好？ Sentences2:如果上天再给我一次机会，我会对你说“我爱你”。 如果非要在这三个字上加个期限，那会是一万年。 (purpose: arouse students interest in learning grammar by famous internet sayings used by most of the students.)（用学生熟悉的网络语言，改编自周星驰主演电影《大话西游》利用学生耳熟能 详的影视镜头,引发学生的学习兴趣和积极性，并让学生带着问题，进入学习，让学生的学习目 的更加明确。 ） 虚拟语气（the subjunctive mood）表示说话人所说的话不是事实，而是一种假设、愿望、怀疑 或推测。
If I ____ as tall as Yao Ming, I ______ become a famous basketball player. If I ____ a lot of money,I _____ buy a villa(别墅）. If I were a bird, I would have two wings. If I had two wings, I could fly in the sky. If I spoke their language, I should make friends with other birds. If I flew too low, I might be shot by a hunter. 与现在事实相反虚拟 Group work 如果我是一名百万富翁，我会给化工院中学建一座图书馆。如果我有足够的钱，我为每 一位学生提供免费的三餐。如果我是超人，我会把钓鱼岛从日本手里抢回来。 If I ______ a millionaire, I _____ build a library for HuaGongyuan Middle School. If I _____ enough money, I ___________ (supply) free food to the students. If I ______ a superman, I ______ seize Diao Yu Islands back from Japan. 2.与过去事实相反虚拟：
1）If Jack ______________(win) the ticket, he ____________(meet) Rose. 2）If Jack and Rose both _________(die)in the accident, we ________(know)this moving love story. 3）If Jack were alive now, he _____(marry) Rose. If they _____(marry), they ___ (live) a happy life in the future. 4）If Titanic ________ ( not hit) an iceberg, the unsinkable ship ________ (not sink) into the ocean. 与过去事实相反虚拟：Group work (农夫与蛇) What would have happened if the farmer hadn't seen the snake? If the famer ____(not see) the snake, he ___ (not put) it under his coat; if he __________ (not put)it under his coat ,the snake ________ (not bite)him. If the snake_______ (not bite)him, he __(not die) 3 与将来事实相反虚拟：. Finish the translation at the beginning of the class.(翻译课堂开始的个句子。)
Tips: Pay attention to the time and the structures.
She would have come here, but she was too busy with her homework. He was very busy yesterday, otherwise, he would have come to the party. 2.错综时间条件句 主句谓语动词所表示的动作和条件从句谓语动词所表示的动作并不是同时发生,这时动词的 形式并不完全按照上述表格形式进行,而需要按照各自的时间来调整,这样的句子就叫错综时间 条件句. If you had followed the doctor’s advice (then), you would be all right now. 1）如果上天能够给我一个再来一次的机会，我会对那个女孩子说三个字：我爱你。 如果你那时听了医生的话,你现在就好了. 如果非要在这份爱上加上一个期限，我希望是--一万年! (主句与从句发生的时间不同,应按照主句与从句各自的时间做调整.) If he had prepared well for his lessons yesterday, he wouldn’t have so many difficulties now. If the God ________(give) me another chance，I_______ (tell) the girl three words, “ I love you.” If I ____(have to) set a time limit to our love, It_________ (be)10,000 years! 如果他昨天把功课都准备好的话,他现在就不会这么困难. 2）待我长发及腰，少年娶我可好？ 3.if 虚拟条件句中的倒装 如果此时我长发及腰，少年娶我可好？ 从句中 if 有 were ,had ,should 等词语,可以将 if 省略,同时 were ,had ,should 提至句首,构成倒装. 如果那时我长发及腰，少年娶我可好 表示虚拟条件 Would you marry me if I_____ be an adult? (1) If I should meet her, I would tell her. Would you marry me if I ____ an adult? =should I meet her, I would tell her. Would you have married me if I________ an adult? (2) If I were in your position, I would do it better. =were I in your position, I would do it better. Group work(改正文章中出现的三处错误） 如李颂有朝一日成为国王， 我就是皇帝的老师， 到那时我将作为国王的老师受到人们的尊敬。 (3) If they had made preparations, they would have succeeded. = Had they made preparations, they would have succeeded 我将为李颂感到自豪。 If li Song becomes king of our country in the future, I will become the king’s master. 4. If only …(要是…就好了) By then I would be respected by people as king’s master and I shall be proud of him. If only I knew his name! If only we had followed your advice! If 型虚拟用法小结 If only I could see him again! 类型 条件句 主句 要是我们的父母能和我们住在一起就好了。If only our parents could live with us! 要是我没错过火车就好了！If only I hadn’t missed the train! If+主语+did 主语+should/would/ 5. 情态动词的完成时. 与现在事实相反 （be 动词 were） could/might +do 本来应该做的事情而没有做 Should(ought to) have done 本来不应该做的事情而做了 Shouldn’t have done Ought not to have done 主语+should/would/ You should have come here earlier. 与过去事实相反 could/might+ have done If+主语+had done I ought not to have eaten so much chicken. Step III Consolidation: (14minutes) 1.If+主语+did 主语+should/would/ 与将来事实相反 1.Multiple choice. could/might +do 2.If+主语+were to 1）. Without electricity, human life____ quite different today. 3.If+主语+should A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be Task2： if 引导的虚拟语气中的特殊点 2）. But for the Party, he ____of hunger 30 years ago. 1 含蓄型虚拟语气 A. would have died B. would dieC. must die D. must have died 3 1）用 without, with, but for 等介词所引起的介词短语来表示隐含条件。 3）. I was busy yesterday, otherwise I ___your birthday party. With your help, we might finish the work earlier. A .attended B. have attended Without water, there would be no life in the world. C. would attend D. would have attended But for the rain, we would have finished the work. 4）. Without sunlight, or water or air, there ___ no life on the earth. 2）用连词 or, otherwise, but, however 等表示隐含条件。
A will have B would be C can be D must be 5）. But for the snow, we ___ earlier. A will arrive B would have arrived C arrive D arrived 6）. If only I ________ how to operate a computer as you do. A. had known B. would know C. should know D. knew 7）. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I _____ for her. A. had to write it out B. must have written it out C. should have written it out D. ought to write it out 8）._____the exam, he would have attended a college. A. If he passed B. Had he passed C. Were he passed D. If he should pass 9）.____five minutes earlier, you could have seenthem off. A. you should arrive B. If you arrive C. Had you arrived D. Should you arrive 10）.____it rain tomorrow, we should have to put off the visit to the Science Museum. A. Were B. should C. would D. will 2.Translate the following sentences 1. 如果我是你，我会更加努力地学习。 ______________________________________________________ 2. 我昨天要是去看医生就好了。这样，我现在应该感觉好多了。 _________________________________________________ 3.（如果）没有因特网，生活将会很枯燥。 _____________________________________________________ 4. 我明天如果有时间，我能帮你学英语的,但是我得参加一个重要会议。 ______________________________________________________________ 5. 如果我上周见着了史密斯先生，我就会已经告诉他这件事了。 ____________________________________________________________ Step1VSummary (2minutes) 判断是否是假设，如果是假设，是对过去、现在还是将来的假设，然后选择相对应的 if 条件 状从的结构，相对应的谓语动词形式。 Step V Homework (1minutes) Please write a short passage down in the form of poetry with the title “If”, trying to use the structures of Subjunctive Mood. 技巧点悟,大胆地写出你所知道的东西。 用富有想象力和创造力的形式表达自己的想法。 你可能用到的句式。 If I were______, I would_________. If I could ______, I would ________. If I knew_______, I would ________. If I had done _______, I would ________. If I played ________, I would ________. If I were given_______,I would_______.
Grammar-------Subjunctive Mood (if)
类型 与现在事实相反 与过去事实相反 与将来事实相反 条件句 If+主语+did （be 动词 were） If+主语+had done 1.If+主语+did 2.If+主语+were to 3.If+主语+should 主句 主语+should/would/ could/might +do 主语+should/would/ could/might+ have done 主语+should/would/ could/might +do