一、单元扣点 Ⅰ.根据句意，用所给单词的适当形式填空 whisper pump serve escape accomplish scene distribute seize reward mourn 1．He is so lazy that he will never ________ anyth
ing. 2．I was holding a jug while Mary ________. 3．Water is ________ from the broken pipe. You should go and have it repaired. 4．The two girls were ________ in the library. 5．They were busy ________ the day's last buyers. 6．He was given a ________ of $ 1,000 for catching the criminal. 7．The happy ________ of children playing in the garden vanishes, and it is quiet again. 8．Did you see the cat ________ the mouse? 9．They ________ for their children, killed in the war. 10．The doctors ________ the medicines to the people in the flooded area. 答 案 1.accomplish 2.pumped 3.escaping 4.whispering 5.serving 6.reward 7.scene 8.seize 9．mourned 10.distributed Ⅱ.完成句子 1．Our school __________________(位于乡村)． 答案 is situated in a rural area 2．You shouldn't __________________(卷入他们的争吵中) their quarrel. 答案 get involved in 3．We __________________(应该) hand in the paper by July 15th. 答案 are supposed to 4．He got home, __________________(又累又饿)． 答案 tired and hungry 5．He went on with his experiment despite __________________(缺钱)． 答案 lack of money 二、阅读理解 (2015·安徽卷) When her five daughters were young, Helene An always told them that there was strength in unity (团结). To show this, she held up one chopstick, representing one person. Then she easily broke it into two pieces. Next, she tied several chopsticks together, representing a family. She showed the girls it was hard to break the tied chopsticks. This lesson about family unity stayed with the daughters as they grew up. Helene An and her family own a large restaurant business in California. However, when Helene and her husband Danny left their home in Vietnam in 1975, they didn't have much money. They moved their family to San Francisco. There they joined Danny's mother, Diana, who owned a small Italian sandwich shop. Soon afterwards, Helene and Diana changed the sandwich shop into a small Vietnamese restaurant. The five daughters helped in the restaurant when they were young. However, Helene did not want her daughters to always work in the family business because she thought it was too hard. Eventually the girls all graduated from college and went away to work for themselves, but one by one, the daughters returned to work in the family business. They opened new restaurants in San Francisco and Los Angeles. Even though family members sometimes disagreed with each other, they worked together to make the business
successful. Daughter Elizabeth explains, “Our mother taught us that to succeed we must have unity, and to have unity we must have peace. Without the strength of the family, there is no business.” Their expanding business became a large corporation in 1996, with three generations of Ans working together. Now the Ans' corporation makes more than $20 million each year. Although they began with a small restaurant, they had big dreams, and they worked together. Now they are a big success. 语篇解读 本文是记叙文。文章主要讲述了女主人 Helene An 在五个女儿幼时，对她们进行 家庭团结观的培养， 为她们日后的成功打下了坚实的信念基础。 本文揭示了团结就是力量的 道理。 1．Helene tied several chopsticks together to show ________. A. the strength of family unity B. the difficulty of growing up C. the advantage of chopsticks D. the best way of giving a lesson 答案与解析 A 考查细节理解。由 文章第一段中的 “she tied several chopsticks together, representing a family. She showed the girls it was hard to break the tied chopsticks”可知，绑在一起的筷子显示了家庭团结的力量。 2．We can learn from Paragraph 2 that the An family ________. A. started a business in 1975 B. left Vietnam without much money C. bought a restaurant in San Francisco D. opened a sandwich shop in Los Angeles 答案与解析 B 考查细节理解。根据文章第二段中的“when Helene and her husband Danny left their home in Vietnam in 1975, they didn't have much money”可知，答案是 B 项。 3．What can we infer about the An daughters? A. They did not finish their college education. B. They could not bear to work in the family business. C. They were influenced by what Helene taught them. D. They were troubled by disagreement among family members. 答案与解析 C 考查推理判断。 A 项与文中事实“the girls all graduated from college” 不符；B 项“孩子们不能忍受在家族企业中工作”与她们都在为家族企业工作的事实不符。 D 项“她们被家庭成员间的分歧所困”，而文中事实是“Even though family members sometimes disagreed with each other, they worked together to make the business successful”。C 项由文中的“Our mother taught us that to succeed we must have unity” 推理可知。 4．Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. How to Run a Corporation B. Strength Comes from Peace C. How to Achieve a Big Dream D. Family Unity Builds Success 答案与解析 D 考查标题判断。由第一段中绑在一起的筷子预示着家庭团结的力量开始一 直到最后一段，文章都在讲述一个主题——家庭的团结造就了成功。 三、完形填空 (2016·河北邢台摸底) My 13?year old son and I had quite an adventure this morning! We frequently passed by a __1__ landscaped yard with a nice little flower garden. I wanted to __2__ my thanks for the time and effort put in by the __3__， but I've never seen him or her, so we went to a local nursery and bought a gift card that I would leave with a __4__ and a smile card the next time that I passed by.
We also ran to Walmart and __5__ a few $10 gift cards along with some note cards and our other __6__. While we were putting our things away in the car, my son __7__ that a lady that had just parked next to us looked a little __8__. As soon as she entered the __9__， we grabbed a note card, made a note __10__， and added a gift card for her to find when she got back to her __11__， hoping to comfort her feelings. After that, we went for a(n) __12__ breakfast. The restaurant was pretty __13__ and the people working in the kitchen seemed to be busy forever. A young couple __14__ across the dining table from us was having some trouble with their __15__， who looked to be about four or five. He grew __16__ and impatient with the wait and they had their hands __17__ keeping him from making troubles. I remember being in their __18__， so I stopped their __19__ and had their breakfast added to my check. Great __20__ to my day, and I can't wait to do it again! 1．A. smoothly B. carelessly C. roughly D. beautifully 2．A. express B. recognize C. design D. accept 3．A. nurse B. dentist C. gardener D. passer?by 4．A. present B. note C. book D. diploma 5．A. bought B. borrowed C. sold D. imported 6．A. instruments B. desserts C. vegetables D. groceries 7．A. suspected B. observed C. imagined D. reserved 8．A. elegant B. generous C. excited D. upset 9．A. store B. clinic C. bank D. nursery 10．A. slowly B. unwillingly C. quickly D. shyly 11．A. house B. car C. bike D. bench 12．A. early B. boring C. expensive D. late 13．A. decorated B. empty C. packed D. deserted 14．A. lain B. loaded C. seated D. arranged 15．A. son B. daughter C. dog D. pet 16．A. defenseless B. tireless C. careless D. restless 17．A. available B. full C. normal D. necessary 18．A. shorts B. gloves C. shoes D. socks 19．A. waitress B. child C. customer D. hostess 20．A. end B. start
C. story D. dream 答案与解析 语篇解读 作者讲述了自己和儿子的一次美好经历。 1．D 根据此空后的“landscaped yard with a nice little flower garden”可推断，此 处表示“一个经过美化的漂亮的院子”。故选 D 项。smoothly 意为“平稳地，顺畅地”； carelessly 意为“粗心地”；roughly 意为“粗略地”。 2．A “我”想对这位投入时间和精力的园丁表达(express)感谢。recognize 意为“认出， 识别”；design 意为“设计”；accept 意为“接受”。 3．C 根据上一句“We frequently passed by a __1__ landscaped yard with a nice little flower garden”可推断，此处表示“我”想对这位能够把院子美化得如此漂亮的园丁 (gardener)表示感激。 4．B 根据 5 空后的“a few $10 gift cards along with some note cards”可知，此处 应用 note“便条”。 5．A “我”和儿子到沃尔玛买(bought)了一些 10 美元的礼物卡。 6．D instrument 意为“器具，仪表”；dessert 意为“甜点”；vegetable 意为“蔬菜”； grocery 意为“食品杂货”。根据语境可知应选 D 项。 7 ． B 根据语境可知，此处表示“我的儿子注意到刚才紧挨着我们停车的一位女士”， observe“观察到，注意到”，符合语境。suspect“怀疑，猜想”；imagine“想象”； reserve“保留，预订”。 8．D 根据 11 空后的“hoping to comfort her feelings”可推断，此处表示这位女士看 上去有点儿沮丧，故选 upset“难过， 沮丧”。elegant 意为“高雅的， 优雅的”；generous 意为“慷慨的，大方的”；excited 意为“兴奋的，高兴的”。 9．A 根据上文可知，我们停车去沃尔玛购物，这位女士的车停在我们的旁边，由此可推测 此处表示她进入商店，故选 store“商店”。clinic 意为“诊所”；bank 意为“银行”； nursery 意为“托儿所”。 10．C 根据语境中的“As soon as”和“grabbed”可知，此处应用 quickly“迅速地”。 slowly 意为“缓慢地， 慢慢地”； unwillingly 意为“不情愿地”； shyly 意为“害羞地”。 11．B 根据 8 空前“parked”(停车)可知，应用 car。 12．D early“早的”；boring“令人厌烦的”；expensive“昂贵的”；late“迟的”。 根据上文可知，“我”已经做了一系列的事情，故此处表示比较迟的早餐，即 D 项正确。 13．C decorated“装饰的”；empty“空的”；packed“挤满人的”；deserted“空寂无 人的”。 根据空后的“and the people working in the kitchen seemed to be busy forever” 可推断 C 项正确。 14 ． C 根据语境可知，此处表示“在我们对面的餐桌边坐着一对年轻的夫妻”，故选 seat“就座”。 15．A 根据此空后的“who looked to be about four or five. He grew...”可推断，此 处表示这对年轻夫妻的儿子，即 A 项正确。 16． D defenseless 意为“无防御的”； tireless 意为“不知疲倦的”； careless 意为“粗 心的”；restless 意为“坐立不安的”。根据此空后的 impatient“没有耐心的，焦躁的” 可知，此处表示年轻夫妻的儿子坐立不安，即 D 项正确。 17．B 此处表示这对夫妻忙着阻止儿子捣乱，have one's hands full 意为“非常忙，忙 得不可开交”，即 B 项正确。 18．C in sb's shoes 意为“处于某人的境地”，为固定短语，符合此处的语境。 19． A “我”截住了服务员(waitress)， 告诉她把这对夫妻的早餐钱加到“我”的账单里。 20．B 这是上午发生的事，故指的是“我”一天美好的开始，即 B 项 start 正确。