陈店实验学校 2014—2015 学年度下学期期中考试试题
考试说明：本卷共三大题，满分 135 分，考试时间为 120 分钟，请在答题卡上认真作答！
语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 25 小题，
每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，然后从 1-15 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 选项中，选出最佳选项。 After Russia, Canada is the world’s largest country in land 1 , covering an area of nearly ten million square kilometres, nearly 40 times 2 the UK. Canada covers the largest part of the North American continent, ranging from the Atlantic Ocean in the east 3 the Pacific Ocean 4 the west. Its population is actually quite 5 when compared to its area, and is spread quite thinly through most of the country. In fact, most people live 6 the 300 kilometres above Canada’s southern border. Many people believe that Canada’s 7 is cold all the time, but this is not true. Certainly there are many places throughout Canada 8 temperatures are well 9 0℃ through the winter. This is especially true in Nunavut where it is extremely cold. But the southwest corner of Canada 10 has a rather mild climate. Up near the Arctic Circle, the temperatures are often below 0℃ for about seven months out of the year. But during the summer months the 11 provinces of Canada are very humid and temperatures are often higher than 30℃. Because Canada is a country 12 by people from many countries and cultures, it is 13 to different religions and beliefs. Canada was 14 by Christian cultures, and Christianity 15 to be the dominant religion. However, immigration has brought the practice of various religions to the country. 1. A. number B. size C.length D. shape 2. A. as large as B. as big as C. as much as D. as many as 3. A. and B. of C. to D. off 4. A. to B. in C. of D. on 5. A. large B. big C. small D. low 6. A. in B. between C. out of D. within 7. A. climate B. weather C. winter D. season 8. A. that B. whose C. where D. which 9. A. above B. below C. about D. over 10. A. honestly B. especially C. truly D. actually 11. A. southern B. northern C. western D. eastern 12. A. included B. consisted of C. made up D. formed 13. A. family B. hope C. home D. life 14. A. founded B. found C. made D. set 15. A. continued B. continues C. continuing D. to continue
考场 班级 __ ________ 学校 姓名
不 内 密 封 线
第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题，每题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下列短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个 适当的词或使用括号中所给词语的正确形式填空。 A young man, while traveling through a desert，came across a spring of clear water. 16 water was sweet. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder 17 had been his teacher. After a four-day journey, the young man 18 (present) the water to the old man. His teacher took a deep drink, smiled 19 (warm), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water. The young man went home 20 a happy heart. After the student left, the teacher let 21 student taste the water. He spit it out, 22 (say) it was awful. Apparently, it was no longer fresh because of the old leather container. He asked his teacher, “Sir, the water was awful. Why did you pretend to like 23 ?” The teacher replied, “ You tasted the water. I tasted the gift. The water was simply the container for an act of kindness and love. Nothing could be 24 (sweet).” We understand this lesson best 25 we receive gifts of love from children. Whether it is a cheap pipe or a diamond necklace, the proper response is appreciation. We love the idea within the gift rather than the thing.
第二部分 阅读（共两节，满分 50 分）
第一节 阅读理解（共 20 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 40 分）
Have you gone for a run lately? Have you maybe run for a marathon, a total of 42 km？Imagine running this 42 km every day, finally reaching a total of 5,376 km. That would be 128 days of running, more than halfway across Canada. Meet a man who has done all this — but on only one real leg! Meet Terry Fox. Terry Fox was born in Winnipeg, Canada, on July 28th, 1958. He won many awards for playing sports when he was small. He went to university to be a physical education teacher. In 1977, however, something happened that was going to change him for life. One day, he came home complaining about a pain in his knee. The pain was really bad so he went to the hospital. There he found out he had cancer. To stop the spread of the cancer, doctors had to cut off his leg. He replaced his old leg with an artificial one, and in 3 weeks he was walking again. He felt good about beating cancer. Just before his surgery he had read about Dick Traum. This man had lost a leg too, and he had run the New York City marathon. That inspired Terry Fox for the rest of his life. Fox started training and ran his first marathon in 1979. His aim is to run all the way across Canada to raise one dollar per Canadian for cancer research. He started on April 12th in St John’s, a town on the Atlantic Coast. By July he had reached Toronto and he was welcomed by 10,000 supporters. He kept going west at the pace of 42 km per day, on his way north, just on the outskirts of Thunder Bay he had to stop. He hadn’t completely defeated the cancer, and now it had spread to his lungs. He had to quit running and fly back home for treatment. Terry Fox inspired many people who raised more money for his cause. In January
1981 not long before Fox passed away, his dream became true. He had raised 24.1 million dollars, equalling the population of Canada. 26. Why did Terry Fox start running marathons? A. Because he had only one leg. B. To stop the spread of the cancer. C. To tell his family and friends that he was well. D. To help cancer research. 27. From the passage, we know that Canada is _____ wide. A. 2,688 km B. 5,376 km C. 10,752 km D. 21,504 km 28. How old was Terry Fox when he started running marathons? A. 21. B. 19. C. 23. D. Unknown. 29. Which of the following statements is true? A. Terry Fox won many awards on only one leg. B. Terry Fox ran to raise money for his treatment. C. Terry Fox was encouraged by Dick Traum. D. Terry Fox raised 24.1 million dollars. 30. Where do you think this passage is taken from? A. Biography. B. Newspaper. C. Novel. D. Journal. B Looking for Canadian culture? Just put your eyes on the ice rink. “We love hockey,” says Marion Alexander, a Canadian English teacher in Beijing. “It really is Canada’s sport.” There is no other sport so close to the hearts of Canadians and no other sport in which Canadians have been so successful. But how much do you know about hockey? Hockey is played on a court of ice called a rink. Each team has six players: a goalie (goal keeper), a centre, two defensemen, and two forwards. All of them wear ice skates. Instead of a ball, hockey uses a puck, which is a small black object that looks like a small, flat round cake made of rubber. Each team tries their best to hit the puck with their hockey sticks into the other team’s goal. The team which scores the most goals at the end of three periods is the winner. “Hockey has a lot of rules,” says Alexander, “but once you are used to it, it seems very natural.” In Canada, hockey is part of the national identity. Many Canadians play youth hockey when they are growing up, and many Canadian families make a tradition of watching the games. “I played goalie when I was younger,” remembers Alexander. “My family would always watch the Calgary Flames (a team in the National Hockey League) play on TV.” Hockey doesn’t just unite families. It also brings the whole country together, especially during the Olympics. “Canada is a diverse country that doesn’t have a strong unified culture like China. That is why hockey is so important. Supporting the national team brings all of Canada together,” says Alexander. 31. The passage is mainly about _____. A. the origin and development of hockey B. Canadians’ diverse sports culture C. Marion Alexander’s view of hockey D. the role of hockey in Canadian culture 32. Hockey is important to Canadians for all of the following reasons except _____.
A. it is Canadians’ favourite sport B. it is an event at the Olympics C. it is part of the national identity D. it helps unite the whole country 33. What does the underlined sentence imply? A. Canada is more diverse than China. B. Canadians are not as united as the Chinese. C. There are not many things that bring all Canadian people together. D. There are not so many sports in Canada as in China. 34. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. Canada’s most beloved sport is hockey. B. Hockey is a game made up of three periods and is contested between two teams of 12 skaters. C. Hockey is very important to Canadians, who love it more than any other sport. D. Hockey is not an Olympic sport, though it is the most popular sport in Canada. 35. Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. Hockey Brings Canadians Together B. How to Play Hockey C. The National Identity for Canadians D. Finding Canadian Culture C Mark Twain has been called the inventor of the American novel. And he surely deserves additional praise: the man who popularized the clever literary attack on racism. I say clever because anti-slavery fiction had been the important part of the literature in the years before the Civil War. H.B.Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin is only the most famous example. These early stories dealt directly with slavery. With minor exceptions, Twain planted his attacks on slavery and prejudice into tales that were on the surface about something else entirely. He drew his readers into the argument by drawing them into the story. Again and again, in the postwar years, Twain seemed forced to deal with the challenge of race. Consider the most controversial, at least today, of Twain’s novels, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Only a few books have been kicked off the shelves as often as Huckleberry Finn, Twain’s most widely read tale. Once upon a time, people hated the book because it struck them as rude. Twain himself wrote that those who banned the book considered the novel “trash and suitable only for the slums(贫民 窟).”More recently the book has been attacked because of the character Jim, the escaped slave, and many occurrences of the word nigger.(The term Nigger Jim, for which the novel is often severely criticized, never appears in it.) But the attacks were and are silly—and miss the point. The novel is strongly anti-slavery. Jim’s search through the slave states for the family from whom he has been forcibly parted is heroic. As J.Chadwick has pointed out, the character of Jim was a first in American fiction—a recognition that the slave had two personalities, “the voice of survival within a white slave culture and the voice of the individual: Jim, the father and the man.” There is much more. Twain’s mystery novel Pudd’n-head Wilson stood as a challenge to the racial beliefs of even many of the liberals of his day. Written at a time when the accepted wisdom held Negroes to be inferior(低等的)to whites, especially in intelligence, Twain’s tale centered in part around two babies switched at birth. A slave
gave birth to her master’s baby and, for fear that the child should be sold South, switched him for the master’s baby by his wife. The slave’s light-skinned child was taken to be white and grew up with both the attitudes and the education of the slave-holding class. The master’s wife’s baby was taken for black and grew up with the attitudes and intonations of the slave. The point was difficult to miss: nurture(养育),not nature, was the key to social status. The features of the black man that provided the stuff of prejudice—manner of speech, for example—were, to Twain, indicative of nothing other than the conditioning that slavery forced on its victims. Twain’s racial tone was not perfect. One is left uneasy, for example, by the lengthy passage in his autobiography(自传)about how much he loved what were called “nigger shows” in his youth—mostly with white men performing in black-face—and his delight in getting his mother to laugh at them. Yet there is no reason to think Twain saw the shows as representing reality. His frequent attacks on slavery and prejudice suggest his keen awareness that they did not. Was Twain a racist? Asking the question in the 21stcentury is as wise as asking the same of Lincoln. If we read the words and attitudes of the past through the “wisdom” of the considered moral judgments of the present, we will find nothing but error. Lincoln, who believed the black man the inferior of the white, fought and won a war to free him. And Twain, raised in a slave state, briefly a soldier, and inventor of Jim, may have done more to anger the nation over racial injustice and awaken its collective conscience than any other novelist in the past century. 36. How do Twain’s novels on slavery differ from Stowe’s? A. Twain was more willing to deal with racism. B. Twain’s attack on racism was much less open. C. Twain’s themes seemed to agree with plots. D. Twain was openly concerned with racism. 37. Recent criticism of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn arose partly from its . A. target readers at the bottom B. anti-slavery attitude C. rather impolite language D. frequent use of “nigger” 38. What best proves Twain’s anti-slavery stand according to the author? A. Jim’s search for his family was described in detail. B. The slave’s voice was first heard in American novels. C. Jim grew up into a man and a father in the white culture. D. Twain suspected that the slaves were less intelligent. 39. The story of two babies switched mainly indicates that . A. slaves were forced to give up their babies to their masters B. slaves’ babies could pick up slave-holders’ way of speaking C. blacks’ social position was shaped by how they were brought up D. blacks were born with certain features of prejudice 40. What does the underlined word “they” in Paragraph 7 refer to? A. The attacks. B. Slavery and prejudice. C. White men. D. The shows. D
Ask someone what they have done to help the environment recently and they will almost certainly mention recycling. Recycling in the home is very important of course. However, being forced to recycle often means we already have more material than we need. We are dealing with the results of that over-consumption in the greenest way possible, but it would be far better if we did not need to bring so much material home in the first place. The total amount of packaging increased by 12% between 1999 and 2005. It now makes up a third of a typical household’s waste in the UK. In many supermarkets nowadays food items are packaged twice with plastic and cardboard. Too much packaging is doing serious damage to the environment. The UK, for example, is running out of it for carrying this unnecessary waste. If such packaging is burnt, it gives off greenhouse gases which go on to cause the greenhouse effect. Recycling helps, but the process itself uses energy. The solution is not to produce such items in the first place. Food waste is a serious problem, too. Too many supermarkets encourage customers to buy more than they need. However, a few of them are coming round to the idea that this cannot continue, encouraging customers to reuse their plastic bags, for example. But this is not just about supermarkets. It is about all of us. We have learned to associate packaging with quality. We have learned to think that something unpackaged is of poor quality. This is especially true of food. But it also applies to a wide range of consumer products, which often have far more packaging than necessary. There are signs of hope. As more of us recycle, we are beginning to realise just how much unnecessary material we are collecting. We need to face the wastefulness of our consumer culture, but we have a mountain to climb. 41. What does the underlined phrase “that over-consumption” refer to? A. Using too much packaging. B. Recycling too many wastes. C. Making more products than necessary. D. Having more material than is needed. 42. The author uses figures in Paragraph 2 to show _______. A. the tendency of cutting household waste B. the increase of packaging recycling C. the rapid growth of supermarkets D. the fact of packaging overuse 43. According to the text, recycling ______. A. helps control the greenhouse effect B. means burning packaging for energy C. is the solution to gas shortage D. leads to a waste of land 44. What can be inferred from Paragraph 4? A. Unpackaged products are of bad quality. B. Supermarkets care more about packaging. C. It is improper to judge quality by packaging. D. Other products are better packaged than food. 45. What can we learn from the last paragraph? A. Fighting wastefulness is difficult. B. Needless material is mostly recycled. C. People like collecting recyclable waste. D. The author is proud of their consumer culture. 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题、每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容,从下框的 A~F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。选项
中有一项为多余项。 46. Pet-keeping is a time-honoured tradition. One of the reasons for people to raise dogs or cows was usefulness. While people in the past hunted animals and kept them in their backyards, the civilised man today is less cruel towards them and is less exploitative(利用的). 47. We keep animals as pets because they are attractive. We all have the urge to possess something that has aesthetic( 美学的 )value, and that is why we treasure paintings or fine furniture. Keeping pets is one form of this urge. A Siamese cat in the house can be a decorative object. Pets are playful animals and they amuse us. A little rabbit amuses us by its playful and lively runs. 48. Many parents find it helpful to have pets in the house for their children. Having pets is an excellent way of developing in children the love of animals and responsibility. Children get the opportunity to take on full responsibility for another creature’s life. It will be an educational experience for a child to watch the natural life cycle of an animal. There are psychological(心理的)benefits for children. Pets are welcome friends for children who are lonely. Pets are excellent companions. Keeping pets means giving love and being loved. We find comfort in giving care and receiving care in return. We get pleasure from their appearance and their behaviour. 49. As more people move into apartments, there are limitations on keeping of animals like dogs and monkeys. Therefore, caged animals have increased in popularity. Birds fall into this group. We keep them for their beautiful songs and feathers. Fish-keeping is a widespread hobby and the keeper can observe their behavior in the glass tank and study its entire life cycle. The cat is a fine house pet and it fits neatly into human habitation(居住地)without requiring its own cage. They are wonderful hunters, if there are rats around. 50. Pets satisfy man’s desire to care for a bit of nature. The pet owner has the responsibility for supplying those needs that nature provides. Pets are amusing and entertaining, but we are in a way doing animals harm by making them live in a human environment. Are we not enslaving(奴役)them? A. Adults keep pets with their children. B. Pet-keeping has a very long history. C. Pet-keeping may do harm to animals. D. People keep pets for their aesthetic need. E. Caged pets become increasingly popular. F. Pet-keeping is helpful for children’s growth.
第三部分 写作（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分） 【写作内容】你接受一项写作任务，要为当地英语晚报写一篇报道，内容包括： 人物：英国人查理德?阿维斯（Richard Avis） 出生日期：1974 年 12 月 1 日 时间：2011 年开始在世界各地寻找同年同月同日生的人 目的：理解不同文化中成功人生的含义 相关信息： ? ? ? ? ? 借助当地媒体寻找 迄今找到 32 名，其中男性 17 名，女性 15 名，来自 13 个国家 职业包括政府官员、运动员、司机、教师、艺术家等 计划 40 岁生日前找到 40 位同年同月同日生的人 打算根据此经历写一本书
＊ 同年同月同日生的人：time twin ［写作要求］只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 ［评分标准］句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务 (共 1 小题，满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 My husband received a letter a month ago from a young woman who had been his student when she was in middle school. She was writing because she wanted to thank him for having a great influence on her life. In the letter she wrote, “You were the teacher who helped me discover my talent for math. Before you came to teach us, I had been terribly poor at math, and had never thought that I would be interested in it. To my surprise, you magically showed me the beauty of math. I guess that was the turning point of my attitude towards it. Gradually my interest in it began to grow. Thanks to your encouragement, I made continuous progress in math, and finally made up my mind to study it in the university. Today I am working as an accountant at Valley Medical Center in California. You played an important part. Thank you!”
What a wonderful gift to a relief teacher! My husband has received many letters from students over the years. This one was special, for it arrived at this time in his life when he is in very poor health. 【写作内容】 1. 2. 以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 以约 120 个词就老师影响学生的话题谈谈你的想法，内容包括：
(1) 上文使你想起哪位对你帮助最大的老师； (2) 举例说明该老师对你学习或成长的影响； (3) 你怎样看待老师对学生的影响。 【写作要求】 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但 不得直接引用原文中的句子。 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。