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# 【成才之路】2014-2015学年高中英语必修四(外研版)强化练习：Module 4 单元检测题]

Module 4 单元检测题

A．Bees help salesmen travel B．Tiny brained bees solve a complex mathematical problem C．How bees discover the flowers D．How to solve the “traveling salesman problem” 答案：B 主旨大意题。“销售员旅行难题”用计算机也需要好几天才能解决，而蜜蜂毫 不费力地就能在花丛中找到最近的飞行路线，故 B 项“具有微小大脑的蜜蜂解决复杂的数学 难题”作为文章的标题最贴切。 22．We may infer from the second paragraph that the “traveling salesman problem”________． A．can be solved by a computer easily B．can't even he solved by a computer C．can puzzle both people and computers D．remains to be solved by scientists 答案：C 细节理解题。根据第二段可知，销售员在出发之前必须找到合适的路线，这个 “销售员旅行难题”即使用电脑也需要好几天才能解决。 23．The main purpose of the last paragraph is to________ A．provide further proof for the research B．tell us how bees can fly the shortest route between flowers C．tell us how the research about bees' flying route was conducted D．explain the importance of the research 答案：D 推理判断题。最后一段说明了蜜蜂飞行路线研究的意义和目的，是为了帮助我 们在实际生活中更好地节省时间和精力。 24．It can be concluded from the passage that ________. A．all creatures are smarter than computers B．the research about bees' flying route can be applied to many fields C．our networks are more complex than bees' ones D．with the help of the computer we can find out how bees can solve the “traveling salesman problem” 答案：B 他领域中。 B A high school in Hiroshima City has been the first to do something with DNA in the world. Its students have won praise not only for doing this research but also for presenting their findings to groups of expert scientists. The school is one of the Super Science High Schools allowed by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, where students are given an opportunity to study science at an advanced level. Here, students use the same type of hitech 推理判断题。根据最后一段可以推断出对蜜蜂飞行路线的研究可以应用到其

experimental laboratories as those found at universities. In these labs, they conduct experiments and research in new fields of study not found in textbooks. As part of this science course, the students, with the help of Hiroshima University, used a machine called sequencer(音序器)，and over the course of a year and a half they succeeded in decoding(翻译)the DNA. They then presented their results to academic groups. Achieving a world first might sound very wonderful, but the process of decoding the DNA involved very hard work. The students were also responsible for maintaining the equipment, and they had to read difficult research papers and put in extra study beyond their regular schoolwork. “Researchers need to work hard. The work was tiring, but the students worked towards their ambitious goal of achieving a world first. They have a great sense of achievement, and the number of students who hope to become biologists has increased，” said Taruma Akinori, who is in charge of the science course. In addition to the results being added to the scientific community, the students' research paper will be translated into English and made available overseas. Moreover, the students have decided to take on a new challenge in DNA decoding. 语篇解读：Hiroshima 城市的一所高中是首次进行 DNA 研究的学校。学生的研究成果不 仅得到人们的赞誉，而且也得到专家们的肯定。 25．Which of the following is the most suitable title for the passage? A．Decoding the Blueprint of Life B．Super Science High School C．More Students Hoping to Become Biologists D．Hitech Experimental Laboratory 答案：A 主旨大意题。本文讲述了某中学学生们成功解译 DNA 的事迹，B 项没有突出 主旨，而 C、D 两项是文章中的某个细节，只有 A 项“解译生命的蓝图”最符合。 26．Up to a point, their success is due to________ A．hitech experimental facilities B．the great pressure their school put on them C．the increasing number of biologists D．little interest in their regular schoolwork 答案：A 细节理解题。第一段对该校硬件水平进行了具体描述，由此可知高科技实验设 备是帮助学生取得成功的原因之一。B 项所说的学校给学生施加的巨大压力和 D 项所说的学 生们对学校作业没有兴趣，在文中没有体现；由第二段第三句可知 C 项错。 27．The research paper will be put into English in order to________. A．become an English textbook B．help the students make English friends

C．make the results known to the whole world D．challenge foreign scientists 答案：C 推理判断题。根据最后一段．.. the students' research paper will be translated into English and made available overseas.可知学生论文译成英语后会得到世界性的了解和认可， 故C 项正确。 28．The author's attitude towards those students who have accomplished a world first in DNA decoding is________. A．indifferent C．slighting B．admiring D．disappointed

having ancient (古老) buildings in capitals, big cities and the countryside. I will tell you more about Britain in my other letters. Love from Britain. Peter A．The weather in London is really changeable. B．I have difficulty in understanding my classmates. C．Thanks for your nice letter. D．The family I live with are friendly. E．It's very different from what I learned at school. F．Local habits and traditions are not the same as what we knew. G．But it's not the language that's different and surprising. 答案：36～40 CEGAF 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面的短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项。 A successful scientist is generally a good observer. He makes full __41__ of the facts he observes. He doesn't accept ideas which are not __42__ on obvious facts, and therefore refuses to accept authority(权威) as the only __43__ for truth. He always __44__ ideas carefully and makes experiments to prove them. The rise of __45__ science may be considered to __46__ back as far as the __47__ of Roger Bacon, the wonderful philosopher of Oxford, who lived __48__ the years 1214 and 1292. He was probably the first in the Middle__49__ to suggest that we should learn science __50__ observing and experimenting on the things around us, and he himself __51__ many important discoveries. Galileo, however, who lived more than 300 years later，was the greatest of several great men， __52__ lived in Italy, France, Germany or England, and began by __53__ to show how many important __54__ could be discovered by observation. Before Galileo, learned men believed that large bodies fell more __55__ towards the earth than small ones，__56__ Aristotle said so. But Galileo, going to the__57__ of the Leaning Tower of Pisa，let fall two__58__ stones and proved Aristotle was wrong. It was Galileo's__59__ of going direct to Nature, and proving our__60__ and theories by experiments, that has led to all the discoveries of modern science. 41.A．use C．speed B．time D．trust

C．lived

D．written

look back“回顾”；take back“收回”。 47．A.study C．year 答案：B 期”。 48．A.both C．between B．each D．among B．time D．birth 现代科学的兴起或许可以追溯到罗杰· 培根时期。time 在此处意为“时代；时

C．that

D．where

opinion“观点”。 第Ⅱ卷(非选择题) 第二节 (共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

【全国新课标卷题型】 Keeping a diary in English is one of the__61__(effect) ways to improve our English writing ability. __62__(compare) with other forms of writing, it is shorter and takes__63__time. It can help us to develop the habit of thinking in English. __64__we persist in this practice, gradually we'll learn how to express ourselves in English. In keeping a diary in English, we certainly run up against many__65__. In the first place, __66__often happens that we have trouble finding appropriate words and phrases to give expression to our mind. Secondly, there are many idiomatic ways of saying things in Chinese. And it is extremely hard for us to put them into English properly. As far as I __67__(concern), my__68__(suggest) is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese－English dictionary within easy reach. Whenever something beats us, we can first put it down in our notebook and then consult our dictionary. We can also turn__69__our English teacher for help, if necessary. In short, I believe that it is__70__great use to keep a diary in English for the development of our writing skills. 61．______ 62.______ 63.______ 64.______ 66．______ 67.______ 68.______ 69.______ 答案： 61．effective 此处应该用形容词修饰名词 ways。 62．Compared it(日记)与 compare 之间存在被动关系，所以用过去分词做状语。 65.______ 70.______

63．less 根据前面出现的 shorter 可知，此处应用比较级。 64．If if 引导条件状语从句，表示如果我们坚持这种练习。 65．difficulties 坚持用英语记日记，肯定会遇到很多困难。 66．it it 在此处做形式主语，真正的主语是 that 引导的主语从句。 as far as I am concerned 是固定短语，意为“就我而言”。

67．am concerned

68．suggestion 此处应该用名词做主语。 69．to turn to sb for help 是固定搭配，意为“向某人求助”。

70．of of great use 相当于 very useful。 【辽宁卷题型】 A：How do you use an ATM card, Billy? B：It's easy, grandpa. Insert your card__61__the machine here. Then wait__62__moment. Ok. Now you enter your PIN. It__63__have four numbers. A：Oh yes. I've got it written down here. Just a minute. B：You really shouldn't write__64__down. You should memorise it. You can change it to a __65__ convenient number if you like. A ： Ok, I've entered my PIN. There are several__66__(option) on the screen. I guess I just__67__(choice) which service I want, don't I ?

B ： Yes. Choose the service you need to use. If you choose to withdraw money, the machine__68__(ask) you how much you want. A：I can just enter the amount__69__(use) the key, right? B：That's right. Give the machine a moment to process your request. Then take your money. A：These machines aren't very difficult to use. In fact, I quite like them. They are much faster__70__dealing with a bank clerk. 61．______ 62.______ 63.______ 64.______ 66．______ 67.______ 68.______ 69.______ 答案： 61．into 考查介词用法。insert sth. into 意为： 把……插入……。 62．a 考查冠词用法。wait a moment 意为：等一会儿。 63．should 考查情态动词用法。should 意为：应该。 64．it 考查代词用法。it 代指上文提到的有 your PIN。 65．more 考查比较级。此处为和上文相比较，因此用 more。 66．options 考查名词用法。several 修饰限定可数名词复数。 67．choose 考查动词的形式。choice 的动词用 choose。 68．will ask 考查时态。if 条件状语从句中用一般时，主句中用将来时。 69．using 考查非谓语动词。此处 using 为现在分词作方式状语。 70．than 考查介词用法。前面有 faster，因此此处用 than。 第四部分 写作(共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改：在错词下面划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 It was cold day in winter. An ant is bringing out some corns he had gathered in summer. A grasshopper, who was dying of hunger, seeing the ant and asked him of some corn. The ant looked at the grasshopper and asked him how he hadn't stored up some in summer. The grasshopper told the ant that he had been very much busy in summer but he hadn't. The ant asked him what he had done. The grasshopper replied that he had sung all summer. The ant said angry to him that he could sing all winter as he had done all summer. 答案： 65.______ 70.______

It was ∧ cold day in winter. An ant is bringing out some corns he had gathered in summer.
a was corn

A grasshopper, who was dying of hunger, seeing the ant and asked him of some corn. The ant
saw for

looked at the grasshopper and asked him how he hadn't stored up some in summer. The
why any

grasshopper told the ant that he had been very much busy in summer but he hadn't. The ant asked
and/so

him what he had done. The grasshopper replied that he had sung all summer. The ant said angry to
angrily

him that he could sing all winter as he had done all summer. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 根据下列材料，写一篇关于物理学家吴健雄的简介。词数：120 个左右。 (1)吴健雄，美籍华裔物理学家，1912 年 5 月 31 日生于江苏省太仓县； (2)1936 年赴美国留学，1940 年获美国加利福尼亚大学博士学位，之后又获得许多美国著 名高等学府的博士学位； (3)她长期从事物理学研究并在美国及国际上多次荣获大奖； (4)吴健雄生前关心中国科技事业的发展， 从 1973 年起多次来中国讲学， 1992 年在南京大 学建立了吴健雄图书馆； (5)1997 年 2 月 16 日，吴健雄女士因心脏病逝世。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 参考范文： Wu Jianxiong, a female ChineseAmerican physicist, was born in Taicang County, Jiangsu Province on May 31st, 1912. She went to the USA for further education in 1936. Four years later, she got the doctor's degree in California University. After that she received lots of doctor's degrees in many famous universities in the USA. She devoted her life to her research in physics and won many prizes in the USA and all around the world. She had paid much attention to the development of science and technology in China, and she had been back to hold lectures many times since 1973. She set up a library under her name in Nanjing University in 1992. On February 16th, 1997, she died of heart disease.

### ...四(外研版)强化练习:Module 2 单元检测题]

【成才之路】2014-2015学年高中英语必修四(外研版)强化练习:Module 2 单元检测题]_高中教育_教育专区。【成才之路】2014-2015学年高中英语必修四(外研版)强化练习...

### ...四(外研版)强化练习:Module 3 单元检测题]

【成才之路】2014-2015学年高中英语必修四(外研版)强化练习:Module 3 单元检测题]_高中教育_教育专区。【成才之路】2014-2015学年高中英语必修四(外研版)强化练习...

### ...学年高中英语必修四(外研版)强化练习:Module 4 第3...

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【成才之路】2014-2015学年高中英语必修四(外研版)强化练习:Module 2 第3课时...4.A.of C.for 答案:D 短语搭配题。be crowded with 5.A.people C.books...