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人教版高中英语必修一Unit 5

知识讲解语法一点通成果测评??? Unit 5 Nelson Mandela---a modern hero 编 稿:李浩然 责 编:刘洁 目标认知 重点词汇: willing, lose heart, fight, advise, give up, as a matter of fact, reward, be put in prison, should have done, devote, out of work, turn 重点句型: only then... 语法: 定语从句 2 日常用语: 征求意见(Asking for opinion) What do you think of ... ? What’s your opinion? What are your ideas? Do you have any thoughts on that? How do you feel about that? 发表意见(Giving opinion) I think/ I don’t think... I believe/ I don’t believe (that) ... In my opinion... To my understanding, ... I’m with you. I feel/ don’t feel (that) ... 精讲巧练 重点词汇 1. willing 【原句回放】Are you willing to do public service work without pay? 【点拨】 1. be willing to 愿意做某事 2. willing adj. 乐意的,自愿的 如: I’m willing to help you. 我很愿意帮助你。 I’m quite willing for your brother to join us. 我很乐意你的兄弟加入我们。 【拓展】a willing horse 积极工作的人 show willing 表示愿意做某事 【随时练】 1. They are ______ to prefer the better when the best is unattainable. A. like B. willing C. will D. anxious

2. He is a man who is active in social activities, and he ______do public service work now and then. A. is about to B. is going to C. is willing to D. will 【答案与解析】 1. B。句意:退而求其次,like 是介词,表示??一样;be willing to do sth 愿意 干,宁愿 干??;anxious 急切的。 2. C。根据前半部分: “积极参加社会活动” 的意思,推断出后半句的意思是“乐于公 共服务工作”. 2. lose heart 【原句回放】Do you easily lose heart when you are in trouble? 【点拨】lose heart 意为“丧失信心;灰心” 。 如:What impressed us most was that they never lost heart. 给我印象最深的是他们从来没丧失信心。 Don’t lose heart .keep up courage and you’ll succeed. 别气馁,鼓起勇气 你就会成功。 lose one’s heart to sb. 意为 “爱上某人” ,相当于 fall in love with sb.。 如:It’s foolish of you to lose your heart to such a girl. 你爱上这样的女孩 真傻。 【拓展】a heavy heart 沉重的心情 put one’s heart into 把全部心思都放在?? be lost in thought 陷入沉思。 【随时练】 1. He got well-prepared for the job interview, for he couldn’t risk ______the good opportunity. A. to lose B.losing C. to be lost D. being lost 【答案与解析】 1. B。句意为: 他为面试作了精心的准备,他不能冒失去这次好机会的 危险,risk doing 冒险干某事。 3. fight 【原句回放】 He gave up a rich life for his ideas and fought for his country to be free from the UK in a peaceful way. 【点拨】 fight vt. & vi. 过去式和过去分词均为 fought,常与 against, with, for 连用,意为 fight for 为??而战;fight against 与??作斗争;fight with 接人或者 国家名词,表示“同??(并肩)战斗” ,也可以表示 fight against。 如:He fought against the German Nazis and Japanese invaders during World War II. 二战时期他抵抗德国纳粹和日本侵略者。 fight one’s way 冲出一条路 They told the workers to fight for their rights. 他们告诉工人为了他们的权 利而战。

【拓展】fight 与 struggle 区别: fight 打仗,战斗引申为一般的战斗。 struggle 斗争,只肉体上和精神上的搏斗。 【随时练】 1. You’ll have to fight ______difficulties. A. for B. to C. against D. over 【答案与解析】 1. C。你非得和困难做斗争不可,fight over 因为??而战斗。 4. advise 【原句回放】It was in 1952 and he had opened a black law firm to advise poor black people on their problems. 【点拨】advise 作及物动词,意为“忠告,劝告;建议” 。 (1) advise + noun. / pron. (2) advise ( sb.) on sth.(为某人)出主意,提出建议,提供咨询 如:We employed an expert to advise on new technology. 我们雇佣了一个专家为新的科技提供技术咨询。 (3) advise + doing sth. 如:He advised carrying out the experiment as soon as possible. 他建议尽 快的实施实验。 (4) advise + sb. + (not) to do sth. 建议某人(不)去做某事 如:My parents often advise me not to waste too much time playing games. 我父母经常忠告我不要花太多时间去玩游戏。 【拓展】 1. advise sb. not to do sth.和 advise sb. against doing sth. 意思相同,都表示 “建议某人不要做某事” 。 如: The teacher advised us not to read carelessly. = The teacher advised us against careless reading. 老师建议我们不要粗心的阅读。 2. advise 后面接的 that 从句的谓语动词一般由“should +动词原形”构成。有类似用 法的动词还有 suggest,demand,desire, prefer 等。 如:advise + that 从句 I advised that he (should) go abroad for further study. 我建议他应该出国 进行深造。 She advised that I should ask Dr Yang for help. 她建议我应该去向袁先生寻 求帮助。 注意: advise 的名词形式为 advice。 它是不可数名词。 一般不说 an advice,而说 a piece of advice。 【随时练】 1.My father coughed badly. I ____him to give up smoking, but he would not take my advice. A. advised B. persuaded C. suggested D. ordered 【答案与解析】1.A。advise sb. to do sth.意为“劝说某人做某事” ,至于劝说的结果 并不知道。而 persuade sb. to do sth.却含有“劝而有效”之意。而 suggest 不能接 sb. to do sth.;order 不适合语境。

5. give up 【原句回放】 He gave up a rich life for his ideas and fought for his country to be free from the UK in a peaceful way. 【点拨】give up 表示主动放弃或屈服。 如:He has decided to give up smoking. 他已经决定放弃吸烟。 give in 表示被动屈服或认输, 后面不带宾语。 You can’t win the game, so you may as well give in. 你赢不了这比赛,还是 认输吧。 Don’t give up halfway. 不要半途而废。 【随时练】 1. Children should give _______ their seat on the bus if other people are standing. A. in B. up C. out D. away 【答案与解析】1. B。本题句意:在公共汽车上,如果其他人站着,小孩子应该让座。 6. as a matter of fact 【原句回放】As a matter of fact, I do not like violence... but in 1963 I helped him blow up some government buildings. 【点拨】as a matter of fact 意为“事实上;实际上” ,相当于 in fact。 如:She doesn’t like him much—as a matter of fact, I think she hates him. 她一点也不喜欢他,事实上我认为她恨他。 As a matter of fact, I don’t know the truth. 事实上,我不知道真实的情况。 【随时练】 1. I agree that he tried hard the ______remains that he has not finished the job in time. A. question B. reality C. fact D. problem 【答案与解析】1. C。the fact is/remains 是固定结构,意为“虽然话是这么说,但 是事实是??” 。A 项为“需要回答的问题” ;B 项为“现实” ;D 项为“需要解决的问题” 。 7. be put in prison 【原句回放】 It was very dangerous because if I was caught I could be put in prison for years. 【点拨】 be put in prison 意为“被关进监狱;监禁” 。prison 前不加冠词,还可以说 be sent / thrown into prison;若前加冠词则表示具体的建筑物或场所。 put in prison = prison = throw ...into prison 把??投入监狱 如:He fought for the black people and was in prison for thirty years. 他为了黑人而斗争被抓进监狱 30 年。 The car thieves have been put in prison. 偷车贼被关进了监狱。 be in prison 在狱中,被监禁 He has been in prison for five years. 他被监禁了 5 年。 【拓展】 相关的词组:go to prison 入狱 break (out of )prison 越狱 有些短语有无冠词意义不一样; 除 prison 外,还有:go to church 做礼拜, go to the church 去教堂; at table 在吃饭, at the table 在桌子旁; out of question 毫无疑

问, out of the question 不可能等。 【随时练】 1. He _____ in prison for five years and you may see him at home next year. A. has been put B. has been thrown C. was sent D. has been 2. During wartime, the religious leader was _____ in Monahan for two years. A. put in a prison B. put in the prison C. put in prison D. put in prisons 【答案与解析】1. D。B,C 两项搭配的介词不是 in. A 项表示一次性的动作,不接延续 时间;D 项是 be 的完成式表示状态,还在监狱,要到家里去看他的时间只能是明年。 2. C。put sb in prison 是固定词组,把某人投入监狱。prison 前不加冠词,prison 用 单数。 8. reward 【原句回放】 They said that the job and the pay from the new South African government was my reward after working all my life for equal rights for the Blacks. 【点拨】reward n. 报酬,奖金 如:He worked hard but without much reward. 他工作很努力但是没有什么报酬。 in reward 作为报酬 如:She got nothing in reward for her kindness. 对她的仁慈我无以回报。 vt. 酬谢,给以报答 reward sb for sth 因??而奖赏某人 reward sb with sth 因??酬劳某人 He rewarded me with a prize. 他给我一个奖励作为报酬。 【拓展】reward 一般指通过做某事获得的回报或者报酬,可以是钱,也可以是物品或精 神鼓舞。 award 指的是由评委经过认真考虑颁发的奖品。 prize 指在比赛中获得的奖项。 【随时练】 1.It is widely accepted that young babies learn to do things because certain acts lead to ______. A. reward B. prizes C. awards D. results 【答案与解析】1. A。句意: “小孩子喜欢做事是因为这样会带来奖励。 ”在此句中,这 种奖励大多时候是精神上的。 9. should have done 【原句回放】He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evening when we should have been asleep. 【点拨】should do & should have done should do 表示应该做, 一般指现在或将来的动作, 指过去的动作时应站在过去的角度。 should have done 表示本应该做而没有做的。站在现在的角度上评说过去的事情。 如:He should have come earlier. 你本应该来早点,却没来。

You should come earlier tomorrow. 明天你应该早来点。 You should have written to your mother. 你本应该写信给你的母亲。 My teacher said I should study harder. 老师告诉我我应该努力学习。 【随时练】 1.I was on the highway when this car went past followed by a police car. They ______at least 150 kilometers an hour. A. should have been doing B. must have been doing C. could have done D. would have done 2. ---Has the manager left? ---He _______ have left because his car is still in the parking lot. A. mustn’t B. shouldn’t C. needn’t D. cannot 【答案与解析】 1. B。 句意 “我对这辆车的车速进行推测, 肯定速度至少在 150 公里每小时” 。 C 项意为: 本来能(实际 上没做) 。 2. B。句意:---经理走了吗?---他不可能走,因为他的车还在停车场。mustn’t have done 是错误 的表达, shouldn’ t have done 本来不该做某事 (实际上已经做了) ; needn’ t have done 本 来没有必要要做某事(实际上已经做了) 。 10. devote 【原句回放】A great person is someone who devotes his/her life to helping others. 【点拨】 devote vt.致力于,献身于 devote one's time/energy/oneself to (doing) sth. 将某人的时间/精力/自己奉献给(做)某事 sb./ devoted to (doing) sth. 某人/物被奉献给(做)某事 devoted adj.挚爱的;全心全意的;忠诚的 He has devoted his whole life to benefiting mankind. 他把一生都献给了造福人类的事业。 Mrs. Jones had a very devoted husband. 琼斯太太有一位很忠诚的丈夫。 【随时练】 1.Can you imagine the old man ______ his youth to guarding in the tower? A. devoting B. devote C. spend D. spending 【答案与解析】 1. A 。句意:你能想象这个老人把自己的青春奉献给了看守这座塔吗?第一考查点 imagine sb. doing;第二点考查 devote... to... 是个介词。 11. out of work

【原句回放】 :?, and I worried about whether I would become out of work. 【点拨】out of work: 其英文解释为 not having a job,即失业之意,表示一种状态。 如: He was out of work when the factory closed. 他在工厂倒闭后失业了。 He has been out of work for a year. 他已经失业一年了。 If Americans didn't get a new car every year thousands of our workpeople would be out of work. 假如美国人不每年买一辆新车,那么千千万万的工人们就会失业。 【拓展】注意记忆下列由 out of 构成的常用短语、习语: out of breath 上气不接下气的 out of control 控制不了的 out of date 过时的, 废弃的 out of doors 在露天, 在户外 out of one's mind 疯了 out of season 不合时令的, 过时的 out of someone's way 与某人惯常的做法不一样, 不顺路, 不妨碍 out of the way 不同寻常的 out of touch 不联系, 不接触, 未发挥特长或才能 out of work 失业的 Out Of Sight, Out Of Mind 眼不见,心不烦 【随时练】 ----Why has he been staying at home these days? ----He _____since a month ago. A. has been out of work B. was out of work C. has lost his work D. had left from his work. 【答案与解析】A。答语中有 since 引导的时间状语,限定了句中的动词为延续性动词。 12. turn 【原句回放】 : Why did Nelson Mandela turn to violence to make black and white people equal? 【点拨】这里的 turn 与介词 to 构成一个固定的短语 turn to,是“求助于、诉诸于、转 向”的含义。 又如: We can turn to him for help. 我们可以求助于他。 So for many years men have turned to the sea to earn their living. 于是,很多年里,人们不得不转向大海以求生计。 【拓展】turn to 的其它含义 1) 着手工作,着手干起(?)来,忙着做起(?)来,积极行动: The students turned to and cleaned up their camping site. 学生们着手干起来,清扫了宿营地。

2) 转向: Our talk turned to football. 我们的话题转到了足球上。 3) 变成: The ice turned to water. 冰化成水了。 4) 把自己的注意力(或思想等)转向: He soon turned his attention to the difficult problem. 他很快把注意力转到这个难题上。 5) 致力于: He turned to the study of Shakespeare. 他致力于莎士比亚的研究。 【随时练】 Each of us should_____aside a few minutes to have a rest every day. A.push B.provide C.turn D.set 【答案与解析】 :D.全句译为:我们每一个人每天都应留出几分钟来好好休息。这里主要 是考察 set aside 这个短语,与题干后面的 to 不构成 turn to 短语,注意排除干扰项。 push......aside: 把......推到旁边 provide: 提供(不能与 aside 组成短语) turn aside: 避开/转过脸/挡开/使转变方向 set aside:把?放置一旁,不理会/取消, 驳回/留出 重点句型: 1. only then... 【原句回放】...only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. 【点拨】only then 此处引起倒装句,当 only 修饰状语位于句首时,句子采用部分倒装 的结构。 如:Only by practicing a few hours every day will you be able to master English. 只要每天都练习几个小时你就能够掌握英语。 only 修饰主语时,句子不倒装。 Only he knew how to solve the problem. 只有他知道怎么解决问题。 【拓展】 含有否定意义的副词或连词放于句首句子半倒装, 主要有: hardly, never, little, seldom, nor, neither, not only...but also... 如:Never will we meet again. 我们再也不会见面。 (2)so, such 放在句首,表示主语或状语,主句倒装。 如:So loudly did he speak that he made himself heard. 他说话这么大声以至于别人能听见自己。 (3)so, neither, nor 放在句首,表示主语与前面的主语情况相同。 如:she is a teacher, so am I. 她是个老师,我也是。 【随时练】 1._____Carolina couldn’t get the door open. A. Might she as try B. As she might try C. She might as try D. Try as she might 【答案与解析】1. D。as 引导让步状语从句,要部分倒装,把形容词,副词,名词或实

义动词提前。B,C 未用倒装,A 项 might 不可提前,而应提前 try。 写作进行时 写作要求: 人们对于学生网上交友持不同意见。请你用英语写一篇关于学生网上交友的短文,介绍 人们的不同观点,并表达自己的看法。 赞成的理由反对的理由你的看法 1. 2. 3. 利于外语学习 1. 浪费时间 2. 影响学习 3. 可能上当受骗? 注意: 1.文章必须包括表中的全部内容。 2.词数为 100 左右。 写作过程: 1. 审题: 本文是一个表格题有利也有弊,最主要的是要说清你自己的理由。 2. 相关词汇: 网络朋友 on-line friend(s); 上当受骗 to be cheated; chatting 聊天; It is my opinion that 在我看来 3. 谋篇: 第一要把赞成的理由和反对的理由说清楚,不要逐句翻译。 第二是要注意这种题自由性很大, 要注意不要随意乱说, 要把自己的观点充分的说明。 4. 写作:者两个单元讲的语法是定语从句,写作时要尽量运用。 参考范文 Should students make friends on line? Some people say yes. The Internet helps make many friends. Chatting on line, students can more freely express their feelings and opinions, and even get help with their foreign language studies. Others,however, think students should not. They say making friends on line is a waste of time, which should be spent more meaningfully on study. Besides, some students get cheated on line. It is my opinion that students should place their study, health and safety before other things. As for friendship, we can readily find it in our classmates and other people around us. 课件信息课件编号:210717?? 加入收藏夹 一课一测高中试题-〉英 语-〉高一 ? 对资源评分窗体顶端 5 4 3 2 1 窗体底端 ? 对资源评论(总数:0) Copyright(C) 2000-2013 北京四中网校



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