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2讲义现在进行时


现在进行时自述 Hello, boys and girls. Nice to see you again. "我"是现在进行时,用来表示正在进 行或发生的动作。"我"的结构是:be (am, is, are)+动词现在分词形式。 首先,"我"向你们展示"我"的几种句型: 一、陈述句(肯定句) 主语+be (am, is, are)+现在分词,如: I am reading English.我正在读英语。 He is writing.他正在写字。 You are running.你正在跑步。 二、一般疑问句 Be(Am, Is, Are)+主语+现在分词, 如: 1. -Are you singing?你正在唱歌吗? -Yes, I am.是的,我在唱歌。 (No, I'm not.不,我不在唱歌。) 2. -Is he (she) listening to music?他(她)在听音乐吗? -Yes, he (she) is.是的,他(她)在听音乐。 [No, he (she) isn't.不,他(她)不在听音乐。] 三、特殊疑问句 疑问词+be (am, is, are)+主语+现在分词,如: 1. -What are you doing?你正在干什么? -I am doing my homework.我正在做作业。 2. -What is he (she) doing?他(她)正在干什么? -He (She) is riding a bike.他(她)正在骑自行车。 其次,"我"向你们介绍"我"的三位好伙伴: look(看)、listen(听)、now(现在),它们 和"我"经常出现在句子中。请看: Look! Jack is swimming.看!杰克正在游泳。 Listen! She is singing.听!她正在唱歌。 I am cleaning my room now.现在我正在打扫房间。 听了"我"的自述后,小朋友们,你们一定更加了解"我"了吧。 最后,请你们用"我"翻译下面的句子。 1. 看!我弟弟正在游泳。 2. 听!我妹妹正在唱歌。 3. 我妈妈现在正在做饭。 4. 他正在放风筝吗?是的,他正在放风筝。 5. 你在干什么?我正在写字。 现在分词的构成方法 (1) 一般情况下,在动词后加-ing 构成:work / working, sleep / sleeping, wait / waiting 等。 (2) 在不发音的-e 结尾动词去掉 e 后再加-ing:smile / smiling, move / moving 等。 (3) 以重读闭音节或 r 音节结尾且末尾只有一个辅音字母动词,要双写末尾的辅音字母再加 -ing:sit / sitting, plan / planning, refer / referring, occur / occurring 等。

(4) 以字母 ie 结尾的动词,通常将 ie 改为 y,再加 ing:die / dying, lie / lying, tie / tying 等。 【注】 以字母 l 结尾动词, (1) 若末尾一个音节为重读音节, 则必须双写 l 再加 ing, control 如 / controlling,但若末尾一个音节为非重读音节,则可双写 l(英国英语)或不双写 l(美国英语), 如 travel / travel(l)ing。 (2) 名词变复数、形容词和副词变比较级和最高级、动词变过去式和过去分词等都有“改 y 规则” ,但动词的现在分词没有“改 y 规则” 。 (3) 动词 picnic(野餐)的现在分词为 picnicking,不是 picnicing。 动词現在分词变化 中文解释 做 给 来 唱歌 玩 看 等 打开 坐 关闭 制造 站 吹 切 移动 原形 do give come sing play look wait open sit close make stand blow cut move 現在分词 doing giving coming singing playing looking waiting opening sitting closing making standing blowing cutting moving 中文解释 说 洗 帮忙 有;吃 喂 去 睡觉 醒 拿取 喝 喝彩 打电话 看 试试 在意 原形 say wash help have feed go sleep wake take drink cheer call see try mind 現在分词 saying washing helping having feeding going sleeping waking taking drinking cheering calling seeing trying minding

现在进行时练习集锦
一、按要求改写句子 1. The boy is playing basketball. 否定句:____________________________ 一般疑问句:_________________________ 肯定回答:__________________________否定回答:______________________ ____ 对“ The boy”提问:__________________________ 2.造句: 1).she,the window,open,now.(用现在进行时连词成句.)_________________ ____ 2).is,who,the window,cleaning?(连词成句)______________________ 3).She is closing the door now.(改成否定句)______________________ 4.)You are doing your homework.(用"I"作主语改写句子)_______________ _______

5).they,the tree,sing,now,under.(用现在进行时连词成句.)______________ ______ 6).The Young Pioneers are helping the old woman.(改成一般疑问句)___ _______ 二、单项选择 ( )1.我在照看孩子. (A)I am looking after the baby.(B)I'm look aftering the baby. (C)I look am aftering the baby.(D)I looking after the baby. ( )2._____friend's making______a kite. (A)I,me (B)My,my (C)My,me (D)His,his ( )3.Is the woman ______ yellow your teacher? (A)in (B)putting on (C)wearing (D)having ( )4.Look!The twins_____their mother do the housework. (A)are wanting (B)help(C)are helping (D)are looking ( )5._____are the birds doing? They are singing in a tree. (A)Who (B)What (C)How (D)Where ( )6.Is she____something? (A)eat (B)eating (C)eatting (D)eats ( )7.你在干什么? (A)What is you doing? (B)What are you do? (C)What are you doing? (D)What do you do? ( )8.What are you listening_____? (A)/ (B)for (C)at (D)to ( )9.我正在听他说话. (A)I listening to him. (B)I'm listening to him. (C)I'm listen to him. (D)I'm listening him. ( )10.They are_____their clothes. (A)makeing (B)putting (C)put away (D)putting on ( )11.Listen! She____in the classroom. (A)is singing (B)sing (C)to sing (D)is sing ( )12.Today Jim______ his white shirt and brown trousers. (A)is putting on (B)wear (C)put on (D)is wearing ( )13.______are you eating?I'm eating______meat. (A)What,some (B)Which,any (C)Where,not (D)What,a ( )14.They______TV in the evening.They do their homework. (A)are watching (B)can't watching (C)don't watch (D)don't watch ing ( )15.The children_____football. (A)is playing (B)are playing (C)play the (D)play a ( )16.They are flying kites. (A)他们喜欢放风筝. (B)他们在放风筝吗? (C)他们在放风筝. (D)他们常放风筝. ( )17.Look,They are swimming in the river. I want_____you.

(A)to go with (B)go with (C)helping )18.Look.Lucy is_____a new bike today. (A)jumping (B)running (C)riding 三、用现在进行时完成下列句子: 1.What_________you__________(do)? 2.I_____________(sing) an English song. 3.What________he____________(mend)? 4.He______________(mend) a car. 5.______you__________(fly) a kite?Yes,_______. 6.______she___________(sit) in the boat? 7.______you_____________(ask) questions? 8.We_______________(play) games now. (

(D)help (D)takeing

进行时参考答案
1、The boy isnot playing basketball. Is the boy playing basketball. 肯定回答 Yes,he is . 否定回答 No,he isnot 2、She is opening the window now. Who is cleaning the window? She isnot closing the door now. I am doing your homework. They are singing under the tree now. Are the Young Pioneers helping the old woman? 二、单项选择 ACCCB BCDBD ADABB CAB 三、用现在进行时完成下列句子: 1、are doing 2、 am singing 3、is mending 4、is mending 5、Are flyi ng I am 6、Is sitting 7、 Are asking 8、are playing

一般过去时

请用正确动词形式填空。 1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend. 2. _________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday? No, she _________. 3. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening? He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book. 4. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning. 5. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend. She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.

6. When ________ you _________(write) this song? I __________(write) it last year. 7. My friend, Carol, ________(study) for the math test and ________(practice) English last night. 8. ________ Mr. Li __________(do) the project on Monday morning? Yes, he _________. 9. How _________(be) Jim's weekend? It _________(be not) bad. 10. ________ (be) your mother a sales assistant last year? No. she __________. 答案:1.had 2.Did practice didn't 3.did do watched read 4.went 5.didn't visit stayed did 6.did write wrote 7.studied practiced 8.Did do did 9.was wasn't 10.Was wasn't

一般现在时练习
一.用词的适当形式填空。 1.What time_________ his father_________(do) the work? 2.He _________(get) up at five o’clock. 3.__________ you _________(brush) your teeth every morning. 4.What ________ ( do ) he usually ________( do ) after school?

5.Tom ________ ( study ) English, Chinese, Maths, Science and Art at school. 6. Kitty sometimes __________(go) to the park with his sister. 7.At eight at night, she __________( watch ) TV with her parents. 8. ________ Mike________( read ) English every day? 9.How many lessons________ your classmates______( have ) on Monday? 10.We often___________ ( play ) football in the playground. 二.选择 ( ) 1. _____ you have a book? A. Do B. Are C. Is D. Have ( )2. They _________ on a farm. A. working B. is work C. work D. is worked ( ) 3. Does Peter like to watch TV? __________. A. Yes, he like B. No, he doesn’t C. Yes, he’d like D. No, he likes ( )4. She doesn’t __________ her homework in the afternoon. A. doing B. to do C. does D. do ( )5. How ____________ Mr. Brown ___________ to America? A. do,go B. is,go C. does,go D. does,goes ( )6. Where’s my camera? I____________ it. A. am not finding B. am not seeing C. can’t find D. can’t look at ( )7. How ___________ he go to work? He ___________ to work by bike. A. does ;go B. do;goes C. do ;go D. does;goes ( )8. ______ you usually late for school? No, _____________. A. Do ; I am B. Does ;not C. Are ; I’m not D. Are ; I aren’t ( )9. _____ she _____ home at six every day? A. Is , leave B. Does , leave C. Is , leaves D. Does , left ( )10. Mr. Yang ____________ English this term. A. teaches our B. teaches us C. teachs us D. teach our 答案:一.1.does, do 2. gets 3. Do, brush 4. does, do 5. studies 6. goes 7. watches 8. Does, read 9. do, have 10. play 二.1---5 A C B D C 6---10 C D C B B


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